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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 30, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY ANO ARCHIVES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALU NORTH IOWANS NEICHSOM HOME EDITION Are Americans Cotton Now Major Crop in Brazil Cilr Glo utli tttitt la the co J2 ll ovmcnt for laterBalionil j of of Peace Number 95 By W EARL HAIX ON THE ATLANTIC OFF THE EAST OF FLOHIDAHow and wnjr cotton has become a major isouth American crop particular ly m Brazil since 1933 is a question which draws one of two answers from authorities on the subject One the world market for coffee had been completely de moralized and Brazilians were castinr about for the best pos sible alternative crop Two the U S policy of re duced acreage and a stabilized price in the world marketes the an opportunity AS Intotal acreage arid in total Production Brazilian cotton since 1933 has increased more than ten fold Sao Paulo most important cotton area had produced an average of 85000 bales in the 8 years prior to 1933 in the 8 years sincethe average total has ex ceeded one million bales Brazils current annual pro duction is approximately two and a half million bales In acreage it equals about onefourth of the U S total and in production it equals about onefifth Considered as to production Brazil now ranks either fourth or fifth among the nations of the world being exceeded by U S India Russia and perhaps China definitely ahead of Egypt In ex port cotton Brazil is exceeded only by U S and India Gene Butler editor of the Progressive Farmer of Texas the cotton expert of our group Is one who holds to the view that the steppicr up of Amer icas cotton production has been ot MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JUNE 30194f MAJON CITY THI MIGHT SPOT THIS PAMM CONSISTS SKCWOKS SECTION ONE NO 225 NAZIS HALF WAY TO MOSCO 900000 Will SIGN TUESDAY IN U S DRAFT All Young Men Who Have Become 21 Since October to Register By SANDOR S KLEIN WASHINGTON esti mated 900000 young men of 21 will register for selective service Tuesday and a large proportion will be inducted into the amy during coming months to help fill the 900000man quota set by President Roosevelt for the new fiscal year The 6406 draft boards throughout the country will register Tuesday all the young men who have become 31 since the first Itday last Oct 16 At that time more than 16000 000 men from 21 to 35 inclu sivc registered for possible service A high percentage ot the 21 iearolds will be chosen for the army because they are in better physical condition than older Paderewski Noted Musical Genius Dies in New York Famous Polish Patriot Was Greatest Pianist of Time for 60 Years to any one atone His study and observation of jcotton culture in Brazil has been productive of some most illumin ating convictions One is that in growing methods Prac to bring about an early depletion ol soil fertility taking much and putting back genera they are the methods of cotton pioneers in other countries including our own Another of his observations is that in the governmental super vision of seed stocks and in the Sinning and baling processes the cotton industry of U S could profit by emulation Thegeperally casual if not lnr4 J o sijn snoa methods of growing cotton were i reflected in the humorous observation of one Brazilian that the best field worker would be a 512 P8 leg ms club loot With the one he could make a hole for the seed and with the club foot heTMuId scrape in the covering SOIL Mneh of Brazils immense and increasine cotton acreage Is tnjed entoely with wiS no plowing Cotton plants be tween coffee trees accmmrfor Fart at the total yield too After the plekiur cotton stalks are usually burned Inn the standpoint of conserva Faced ten years ago with a cof headache the Brazil government turned to the taxa tion implement to force dryersi ficafaon ofcrops and a reduction 300 Expected to Sign in County Approximately 300 men are expected to register for selec tive service in Cerro Gordo county Four registration offices will be open in the county from 1 a m to 9 a m Those places are local board offices Nos 1 and 2 in the Mason City poslof fice Ihe American Legion club rooms in Clear Lake and the city hall in Rockwell men because few of them have dependents that would cause de ferments and because of the new policy of automatic deferment of rnne28 or older Mr Roosevelt in an executive order in the national interest announced at Hyde Park Sunday night authorized the army to in duct 800000 selectees from July 1 1941 to June 30 1942 This is the maximum that the law per mits to be in service at any one tone and presumes that the 650 DOO inducted thus far will be re leased as they complete their ope year of training Chief of Staff George C Marshall has in dicated however that a few se lectees may be retained longer in key units of coffee production The levy on coffee went sky high and there were corresponding encourage ments to grow cotton Whereas cotton had previously been a poor third among Brazil ian crops behind coffee and corn it almost overnight leaped into secondpjace and at present it is almost equal in acreage and money value to coffee Textile mills which more than care for Brazils cotton goods needs have sprung up in the past decade Cotton growing is not new to Brazil In fact it antedated our by many years and the first U S tariff Jaw contained a stiff duty on Brazil imports de signed to encourage an infant in dustry m the south The future of Brazil cottoa con lams many imponderables thing 13 certain however If it One Js to persist over the long period it must give greater heed to the irotectipn against pests and to preservation of soil fertility The present advantage of 3 to 4 cents a pound w production costs over IT Sgrowers will not for cver prove1 adequate in itself NEW YORK Jan Paderewski lay dead Monday in the 10 room apartment where he grieved away his final months for his failing musical genius and his warcrushed Poland He died at Sunday night in the presence of his Bister Mme Antonlna Wilkonsa his aidedecamp Sylvian Strack acz and his secretary I Kol lopallo after a brief struggle against pneumonia His death was believed hastened by his patriotic fervor which since childhood had taken much time and vital energy from his music He had made a tiring trip in the heat to Oak Ridge N J a week ago Sunday to attend a meeting of the Association of Polish War Veterans and had been ill ever since Paderewski was 80 He had not played the piano publicly for two Germanys attack on Poland precipitated the war bul there was considerable doubt thai the war was the reason for his musical retirement At his last major appearance in New York Feb 26 1939 in a program broadcast to a worldwide radio audience estimated at 50000000 it was all too apparent that his palsied hands had lost the touch of genius His film debut in Moonlight Sonata two years earlier in which he played a 35minute recital featuring the Beethoven composition for which the film was named and his own Min uet was Paderewskis last outstanding success He outlived his triumphs both as a pianist and patriot When lie returned by steamer from Portu gal last Nov 6 his 80th birthday thanded Out a typewritten statement expressing his anguish for the lost Polish cause i Everybody knows that my poor nation is being systemati cally exterminated that millions have been robbed expelled from their homes or deported to die in concentration camps it said IGNACE JAN PADEREWSKI enough to see Polandonce more become tmtUecnmad for the German and Russia armies wWeh two years seized and divided It Paderewski was known for 60 years as the greatest pianist of his time An earlier generation of Americans who witnessed the height of his career remembered tarn as a virtuoso with shaggy hair Leonine countenance droop ing byronic collars and a suave manner that caused women in the preworld war days to storm his concerts and shower him with flowers He 000000 in music and spent much in the cause of Poland i Nov 6 1860 the Lincoln was elected president the first time in the small province of Podolia a re pon then suffering much from the oppression of the Russian aars He was 3 years old and earning to pick out melodies on ne piano with one finger when the Polish rebellion broke out Cossacks killed his mother jailed his father earned his maternal frandfather away to oblivion in Siberia and blighted the infant prodigys life with brutal mem ories At vhe ms riven a piano teacher He went Mul studied crest anders as i Junotha and Koguski Lafer at Berlin Jhe studied under Fried rich Kiel then made a concert tour of Poland and Russia and finally became a teacher at the conservatory of Warsaw at the age of 18 At 27 he made his professional since 1927 at debut in Vienna continued to Plant in Paris London and in 1891 to where tne Sperry boml made New York He had married at the age ol 18 and his girlwife had died in1 childbirth a year later The Bar oness de Rosen whom he married in 1899 died at their home near Merges Switzerland in 1934 Paderewskis fame in Ameri ca was firmly established when the outbreak of the World war pve him the opportunity to launch his Polish nationalist campaign President Wilson was sympathetic and Paderewski settled in Washington to serve as spokesman for a group of pa triots agitatingfor the creation or amndependeat Poland after the The campaign suc ceeded Padercwsfci went to Warsaw a national hero in De cember 19W He became pre mier of the first Polish govern ment and his signature was af fixed to the Treaty of Ver sailles A dispute with Marshal Filsud ski Polish military leader soon sent Paderewski into exile in Switzerland to take no further part m Polish politics until the outbreak of this war when he went to France to become presi dent of the assembly of the Polish government in exile With thefall of France the exile government moved to Ion don and although he did not ac company it Paderewski held the title of vice premier of the Polish war council In with Polish tra dition in the caseof great artists Paderewskis heart probably will oe removed like Composer Chop A friend said Monday that Paderewskis family had re that this be done He the separate burials in Po land probably would not take place until after the war how Funeral services had not been planned definitely but tentative arrangements were made for solemn requiem high mass at St 7 OF 29 PLEAD GUILTY TO SPY CHARGES IN US 2 of Group Held Were Associated With Army Bomb Sight Manufacture NEW YORK of the 29 persons arrested in the govern ments big weekend spy hunt pleaded guilty Monday to espion age against the United States In nocent pleas were made by 18 others including two technicians described as having been asso ciated closely with the manufac ture of secret army bombsights Twentyfive of the suspects were arraigned in Brooklyn federal court and were held for trial July 15 under bail totaling Two suspects who pleaded in nocent were Herman Lang 40 Germanborn draftsman who was said to have worked since 1934 as a factory inspector of the Norden bombsight and Everett Minster Boeder 47 New York City native rehaoly reported to have been a draftsman since 1927 at the Sper nt in Brooklyn bombsights are made Those pleading guilty were Alex WheelerHill 40 German born porter and stock clerk and identified by federal agents as a brother of James WheelerHill imprisoned GermanAmerican bund official Lilly Barbara Carola Stein 26 Austrianborn artists model Leo Waalen 37 German born painter Havtwig Eichard Kleiss 54 Germanborn seaman Alfred S Brokhoff 39 of West New York N J Germanborn mechanic and Erwin Wilhelm Siegler and Franz Stigler both of whom were already in custody on violating the ted eral registration act V S Attorney Harold Ken nedy insisted on high tail In view of the national emergency and the extent ot the raids Meanwhile federal agents re moved two men from two differ ent ocean liners when they ar rived here but declined to say whether there was any connection between the seizures and the roundup of spy suspects From the Actor Morris Is in the Navy Now Movie star Wayne Morris often has played roles in pic tures portraying life in the navy but here he enacts a real life part Called to active duty he is shown interviewing Tom S Wallace a flyinjrcadet applicant at the Long Beach Cal naval reserve aviation base where Wayne is stationed The aclor is a private pilot MporeMcCormack liner Uruguay eight agents took a 50yearold bedroom steward described as a naturalized citi zen of German birth and from Vie American export liner Ex calibur agents took Karl Dold 35 second steward Lang and Roder were among the cronp arrested in a swat climax to a iwoyear In vestigation of espionage Agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation led by Director J Edgar Hoover seized 24 in lomes and taverns infour states Five others already were in cus tody on other charges Assistant U S Attorney Gen eral Wendell Berge in charge of investigation said he had v and James assistant from Washington to prosecute We case vigilantly and without IMJJII mass at si J Patricks cathedral at 10 a m Thursday This case involves one of the greatest counterespionage ef New York Bombed LONDON planes New York Sunday much T ama little village m Lincolnshire th the job the ubllc that JUSllce o owed the suspects for two years and finally led hem into a fly trap J Warrants issued here charged Jlie prisoners with transmitting information to foreign nations concerning cargoes on Britain bound ships new developments in United States naval army and aircraft product especial ly Ihe and transportation by courier of samples of latest armaments Hje alleged spy ring used secret inks for couriers traveling across the Atlantic by Clipper planes Hoover declared a short wave radio with oceanspanning range was found an the room of one suspect here were Paul Bante 50 Germanborn iron worker tool ma die maker Max Blank 48 seaman bookkeep er and clerk Frederick Joubert Iuquesne 63 born in Cape Col ony South Africa described by Hoover as a writer lecturer and professional spy Others were Rudolf Ebelmg 42 Germanborn shipping clerk Richard Eichenlaub 35 German born proprietor of the tattle Ca sino restaurant Josef August Klein 37 Germanborn commer cial photographer Alex Wheeler eeer 40 Germanborn porter and cterk and identified bv Hoover as a brotherof James wheeler Hi 11 imprisoned Ger manAmerican bund official FeHx German born soda clerk Al w SchoU 41 Germanborn book salesman Evelyn Clayton JLew In Fay ettevUle Ark Htrarich Stede 49 Germanborn musician Lilly Barbara Carola Stem 26 Austrianborn artists model Leo Waalen i 37 Germanborn painter Else Weustenfeld 52 German born stenographer and notary public Hemnch Carl Eilers 52 uermanborn seaman Hartwig Richard Kleisr 54 Germanbom seaman Herman 40 Ger manborn machinist and drafts man Everett MinsterRoeder 47 W Berlin Admit Powerful Red CounterDrive This daily feature conducted by DeWilt Mackenzie is being written in his absence on vaca tion by Fred Vanderschmidt One of the most interesting points in the battle of communi ques which began in full force over the weekend on the Russo German conflict is nazi acknowl edgement of a type of offensive defense on an extremely powerfu scale something the new Gcrmai army has not before faced But he most ominous note for the red army now hat the Ger mans have made their claims in a sudden stream of delated communiques is the alleged German encirclement of twn soviet armies or perhaps 400 000 men near Bailystok Astronomical figures for air planes destroyed given by boll sides must not now be taken toe seriously U ihis war hag ploved anything at all it is the consistent lenaoility of estimates ot one opponents aerial losses by the other especially when hey are based on the reports of pilots en gaged in a large scale battle can now be seen thnt on last Wednesday he red army haviiie absorbed the initial shock of thl Oerman assault was able to at tempt a major counter attack on the Polish front This the Ger mans confess was an encircling movement involving countless armored cars and was designed to cut off the advance naxi panrei spearheads from the mass of fol lowing infantry The German communique acknowledges thai a consider able effort by both fighter PUnes and antiaircraft guns required to combat this tac thus showing that the red counterattack was supported from the air But in communique dealing with the action two before the Ger mans claimed they already had destroyed 2582 planes which would certainly nave been considerable part of the red air forces first line strength German armored ve hicles destroyedra total of 2233 up to the fury of the soviet counterblow which must have carried the red arinv tanks units well behind the ad vanced German lines These fig ures are much morelikely to be accurate than those on airplanes The the soviet count erattacks is yet problematical Moscow insists that the panzer divisions which have knifedinto he Minsk area on theNapoleoh c road to Moscow are left with out support and in a desperate po sition On the other hand the jerman claim of entrapment of M 150viet armies southwest ol Minsk receives some support in jOnuon These froops blocked to the south by the pinsk Pripet marshes to the west by the vast mass of German Infantry to the by the Germans panzer column unies these panzers can be quickly smashed or scat tered to the extent that the en dangered armies can fight their way east to their main lines the red army will suffer a tre mendous loss to its power of re sistance This might make all the differ ence between a German and a cos many months BERLIN CLAIMS OCCUPATION OF MINSK LWOW Reds Say Resistance Is Stubborn Blow for Blow Is Given BULLETIN BERLIN many reported Monday Adolf Hitlers panzer divi sions had broken through the main defense line of the soviet union to capture the strategic communica tions center of Minsk and tighten a steel ring around Russian armies on the cen tral front hut Moscow said the red army still was fighting stubhornly giving Wow for blow By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Germany claimed late Mon day that nazi panzer columns had driven approximately half way to Moscow follow ing the old Napoleonic road of conquest and that the de terioration of Russias red army defenses in the north had gone so far that there was no longer a proper front The drive toward the soviet capital would represent an advance of about 225 miles On the northern sector presumably along the Baltic sea m Germans asserted that they were pur suing the Russians in retreat Advices reaching Vichy France said a gigantic seesaw batiie In volving 1000000 soviet and hail troops was raging in the Minsk sector in white Russia Vichy military said it appeared that the Russians may have turned the tables on me German Invaders and that advance motorized nnils which thomeht they had trapped the Soviets miCbt now themselves be encircled rLate dispatched received in Vichy indicated thatthe Russians were striving desperately to cut German armored divisions and prevent the arrival of nazi nfantry marching up to bolster he panzer assault The spokesman said a big pocket vas being farmed around Hussian roops in the Smolensk region while a special German war bulle m declaredthat on the north vmg we are in constant pursuit Once again the implication was that Hussias resistance was crumbUns under the Impact of Bitters lUhtnids tactics exe a force which the Rus sians themselves estimated at more than ZOOOMO presumably Including Germanys allies Slovaks Ru manians and Hungarians The nazi spokesman indicated that Adolf Hitlers Invasion forces already were in sigh of Smolensk ZOO miles east ofMinsk on the nigh way to1 Moscow Smolensk is about the halfway mark to the soviet capital Nazi reports also asserted that German troops had encircled a oviet 15000 nien the Balticcoast in a re ccoas Want From Soviet Russia rr Oil Fields v FOOd the fertile breadbasket of Europe looks good to tne warravaged nazidominated portion of Europe This vast w the reason why Russia leadsthe world in the production of of fruits fihH and a ranking producer 01 iruits fish dairy products eggs two years ago ex so un ;