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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 29, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS PAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS HOME EDITION VOL LVI Press and United Press Fuji Lease Wires Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JUNE 29 1950 This Paper Consists of Two No ttt at No Hint of Raii Strike Settlement of an AFL walkout b e c a m e more widespread as the strike against 5 big roads entered its 5th day Tnere was no hint of a set from government media tors At least 47100 men are idle due to be lopped off payrolls Thursday and additional thousands Friday if thestrike con tinues Some 4000 members of the Switchmens Unioh of North America ieft their posts Sunday morning oh the Chicago Rock Is land and Pacific theGreat North ern the Chicago Great Western the Denver and Rio Grande West ern and the Western Pacific rail systems They struck in protest to a idential factfinding boards rec bmmendatipns The board turned down demands by 79000 yard for a 40hour week at 48 hours pay Thefactfindings ree ommended instead a 40 hour week vfiQa an 18ceht an hour pay hike v Three pther rail unions have threatened a nationwide strike after July 15 in protest to the same board rfinding Four of the roads shut down when the switchmen struck The Great Northern has peepcarrying on but at reduced schedules The GN said that it was with drawing the Oriental Limited its No 2 trajn on the Chicago to Seattlerun Thursday That will leaye No Em pire that stretch F J Gavin president of t h e road said Wednesday night that he expects that fourrfifths of the roads 28000 employes over the 8000 miles system will be cut off the payrolls if the strike contin ues throughFriday Already 3 500 seasonal track workers have beenlajd off Plans call for 2260 shop workers to be laid off todftv Take Great Steps Toward Washington energy Commissioner Henry D Smyth told lawmakers Thursday that great steps have been taken to ward development ofthe hydro genbomb Smyth maHe his statement in urging senatorial members of the senatehouse atomic energy com mission to approve President Tru mans appointment of Sumner Pike actingchairman of the atomic energy commissi on Pikes appointment is under at tack with indications the group might recommend senate rejection of the nomination of the 58 year old republican Hehas been acting chairman since last February when David E Lilienthal resigned the post Smyth recently confirmed for a new term on the commission said he believes the AEC has functioned with increasing effec tiveness particularly during the last few months under Pikes guidance No Change in Rank of First 8 Cities Des Moines UR Unofficial population figures released by the federal census office here showed Thursday there was no change since 1940 in the ranking by size of Iowas first 8 cities The states 8 largest cities were Des Moines Sioux City Daven port Cedar Rapids Waterloo Du buque Council Bluffs and Ottum wa Preliminary census showed that Mason City with an unofficial count of 27596 dropped from9th to llth place Burlington rose from 11th to 9th place with a new count of 30639 Uojwa City climbed from 15th place to 12th place with Ft Dodge dropping from 12th to 13th Ames advanced from 18th to 14th Mar shalltown went down from 13th ta 15th went to 16th from 14th Keokukfrom 16th to 17th Fort VIadisoh from 17th to 18th Boone from 19th to 20th and Os kaloosa from 20th to 22nd Figmres for the states largest cities follow 1950 1940 1 Des Moines 176954 159819 2 Sioux City 83500 82364 3j Davenport 73584 66039 4 Cedar Rapids 72149 62120 5 Waterloo 64214 51743 6 Dubuque 49527 43892 7 45324 41439 8 Qttumwa 33640 31570 9 Burlington 30639 25832 10 Clinton 30151 26270 11 Mason City 27596 12 Iowa City 27221 17182 13 Fort Dodge 25026 22904 14 Ames 23105 12555 15 Marshalltown 19747 19240 16 Muscatine 19483 18286 17 Keokuk 16076 15065 18 FortMadison 15016 14063 19 Cedar Falls 14603 9349 20 Boone 12089 12373 21 Newton 11699 10462 22 Oskaloosa 11095 11024 23 Charles City 10274 Mobilization Plan Is Ready Washington plans for putting this country on a war ready for deliveryto congress Drafted in a 20title bill by the national security resources board they would authorize President Truman to clamp a quick freeze on prices wages manpower and materials NSRB officials believe the master plan is up to date and ready for any demands Declaration of a national emer gency would send it to congress 1 Killed 3 Injured in 2Car Crackup One man was killed and 3 injured in the headon collision of 2 cars Thurs day morning 7 miles southeast of here Thedead man was identified as Carroll Quincy Robinson 43 of La Grange III Seriously injured was Clyde R Ixeweri of Hospers Iowa Less seriously hurt was Chester Keadle 47 of Newark Ohio A 3rd injured man Isaac Rol tand Oilier 72 Lancaster Pa is to another Marshalltown hospital With r fractured Ief t hip cuts and bruises House Okays Excise Tax Gutting Bill Washington house Thursday approved the 000000 excise tax cutting bill vetoproofing it with a 000000 a year boost in new levies on big corporations But the ultimate fate of any tax reduction at all may be tied to the Korean war The house action tossed the bill over to the senate which may take it revise it or kill it depending on more money for American fighting equipment will be needed Just ahead of its final vote the house rejected 238 to 147 a repub lican move to split the bill in two the bill as a phony tax reduction the republicans tried to get separate votes on one bill reducing excises and then on another dealing with the tax in creasing and loophole plugging provisions of the onepackage measure Switch on Porchlights for Mosquito Fund Thursday night is the time for Mason City residents to turn oh their porchlights if they wish to contribute to the drive for spray ing fly and mosquito nuisances in the residential area The camr paign sponsored by Mason City Amvets post 92 will get underway at p m with the ringing of church bells and the blowing of plant whistles Amvets and Auxiliary members will stop at each home where they see a porch lighted They will wear official arm bands and give receipts to contributors The post has set a goal of to insure adequate spraying for the summer Each resident of the city has been asked to contribute a minimum of Spraying will get underway Friday morning if weather conditions are favorable Signed Aid Bill Includes Korea Fund Washington r e s i d e n Truman Thursday signed a 761808 appropriation bill includ ing for economic aid to Korea The bill also includes funds for a speedup in piograms for devel opment of faster airplanes and new weapons to combat sub marines U S Navy Attacks Korea Coast Tokyo S naval forces were reported officially Thursday night to have attacked several points along the Korean coast where communist forces had es tablished amphibious bridgeheads A communique said the fighting lines in Korea were fairly well stabilized The opposing forces were reported massing on the op posite banks of the Han river which flows just south of Seoul Encouraging Report The army spokesman gave an encouraging report about the South Korean troops He said that after a disorganized retreat about 4 divisions of South Koreans were regrouping south of the Han river and that some of them were onthe southern the Seoul The South Koreans also were re ported to hold the road south of the Han river from Kimpo air base east for about 80 miles to Chun chon The spokesman said there had been no report of any concerted attempt by North Korean forces to cross the Han river He said as far as is known here no North Korean tanks had crossed the Han Have Good Chance He said the Han river forms a good obstacle The South Koreans have a good they have the will to fight necessary equip ment can be gotten to them in time and the weather is good for aii support he said Flying weather has been bad most of the time But an air force spokesman said that it is supposed to be good for the daylight period just ending in Korea Superforts Add to Air Assault Tokyo United States Thursday threw B29 Superfort bombers into the mounting as sault against the communist in vaders ofSouth Korea The reds struck back with 4 fighters straf ing and bombing the American base at Suwon The big Boeing bombers pounded Kimpo airfield 16 miles westnorthwest of redcaptured Seoul All returned safely from the mission The B29s under MacArthurs presumably came from Guam VV Near nightfall the Yak fight ers of the North Korean air force came back to Suwon for the successive day They strafed a U S C54 on the field 3 or 4 times and shot up another at 1 end of the airstrip An American enlisted man was wounded seriously in the attack which the red planes kept going for 15 or 20 minutes with machine guns and antipersonnel bombs He was flown back to a base in Japan Several other Americans with a Korean antitank unit at Suwon were injured The reds apparently were trying to knock out the Suwon field a base for the airlift of American supplies for South Korea One of the Yaks was shot down by plane guns or anti afrcraft was not disclosed here Headquarters of the U S Far East air forces said good results were scored by the B29s in their raid on Kimpo SOUTHWEST IOWA LOSES Council Bluffs 14 southwest Iowa counties covered by the Council Bluffs district cen sus office lost 14486 persons in the past decade census totals showed Thursday The 14 counties have been credited wi1h 265545 persons in the 1950 count compared to 280031 in 1940 American Evacuees Total 2000 Tokyo evacu ees from wartorn South Korea reached a total of 2070 Thursday Others are expected to arrive in small boats during the next 10 days USTRANSPORT BURNS ON KOREAN FIELD A 4engined C54 U S transport plane bums on a South Korean landing strip after being strafed by fighters from North Korea This is the first combat photo from Korea to be received in the United States South Korea in Drive B29s Help Blast Way AP Wirephoto BIG BOMBERS AID SOUTH KOREAN States B29 bombers presumably based on were lending heavy emphasis to U S support for Siouth Korea Thursday asthey pounded Kimpo airport near North Koreanheld Seoul General Douglas MacAr thur returned to his Tokyo headquarters Thursday after a flight dotted line to a southern Korea airfield for a firsthand inspection of the situation Pressure for Decision to Use American Troops Eases With Latest Optimistic Reports I Washington fP More opti mistic reports from the Korean fighting Thursday eased the pres sure for a decision now whether American ground forces should be put into the battle against the communist invaders The question has been hanging over President Truman since Tuesday when he ordered U S pldnes and warships to aid the South Koreans The defense department said there has beenno request thus far from Gen Douglas MacArthur the Far Eastern commander for permission to use ground troops Military observers inclined to the view that the final decision would be weighted by these fac tors 1 How effectively American planes can carry out operations against the communists They have been hampered by bad weather The weather was bet ter Thursday but this is the rainy season in Korea 2 Whether the South Korean army is able to maintain any stable situation At the Pentagon reporters were given to understand the question of ground troop use is one which ony President Truman can de cide Mr Trumans day included a general review of the internation al situation with Secretary of State Acheson and a talk with Secretary of Agriculture Brannan about food supplies and prospects Acheson would not discuss with reporters his SOrminute meeting with the chief executive Brannan told the newsmen he had informed Mr Truman the country is in good shape as to food He said he sees no agricul tural problems in connection with the Korean crisis Mr Truman had an afternoon news conference scheduled 3 p m EST but there was no in dication he would discuss the troop question Highly placed informants in dicated the issue of using Ameri can ground forces in Korea was regarded Wednesday night as a very pressing one Also hinting as much was a report from Tokyo that some U S troops in Japan had been alerted for possible ac tion The concern was that the South Korean forces even with Ameri can air help could not check the communist advance Moreover the swift sweep of the tankled Red columns indicated that the time for further Ameri can action if it is taken may be relatively short A Tokyo dis patch said top authorities there believed American troops action could not be long delayed if South Korea was to be saved Whether General Douglas Mac Arthurs dramatic flying visit to the Korean front had any relation to his ideas on using American troops could only be guessed at here but the very disclosure of an alert to some ground forces in dicated he may favor stronger American action and has gone to the combat zone to see how it can be made effective In his declaration of policy Tuesday Mr Truman made no reference to the use of troops saying only that he had ordered air and sea forces to support the South Korean government Watch Soviet Reaction In addition to the question about the use of combat troops depending on how the actual fight ing developed top officials sober ly watched for clues of Russian reactions Russia Threatens to Turn Off Power Berlin Ernst Reu ter of westBerlin announced Thursday night that the Russians had served notice that beginning Friday they no longer would pro vide electric power to the Ameri can Brftish and French sectors of the city Weather Report FORECAST City Fair and cool Thurs day night Low Thursday night 50 Friday partly cloudy and cool with a high of 78 Iowa Clear and copl Thursday night Low 4854 Partly cloudy and a little warmer Friday High 8085 Light variable winds 10 MPH with moderate ly high humidity Friday Fur ther scattered rainshowers developing late Friday afternoon or evening ending early Saturday morning Low Friday night near 60 sunny and cooler Saturday and Sunday Minnesota Fair and cool south partly cloudy and cool north Thursday night Friday partly cloudywith light showers north and showers beginning south portion in afternoon or at night Warmer central and south con tinued cool extreme north Fri day Low Thursday night 4550 except 40 extreme nroth High Friday 80 central and south 80 70 extreme north IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Thursday Maximum 74 Minimum 47 At S a m 63 YEAR AGO Maximum 84 Minimum 92 Bombers Hit RedHeld Field Report Han River Line Stabilized By ROBERT C MILLER Tokyo UP Dispatches from South Korea said Thurs day that thousands of truck loads of republican troops were pouring northward to ward the stabilized Han river line just below Seoul to launch counter offensive against the communist 1 vaders Reports on the fighting in Korea took a sudden dramatic turn coincident with the return to Tokyo of Gen Douglas MacArthur from a front line inspection of the Korean war and talks with of ficials there on how to stop the communists U S Ambassador John J Muc cio said at Taejbn provisipna capital of South Korea that Mac Arthurs conferences with himself and President Syngman Rhee a an advancedU S base were car ried out very satisfactorily Thousands Headed North He said it was heartening to see thousands of trucks heading nortluvard loaded with reformed andregrouped South Korean sol diers going to the front A Taejpn idispatch f rpm Unite Jack James giving Mucclos report on the con ference the South Koreans were folding fast on the south bank of theHan river except for small comniuriist bridgehead The northerners stabbed across the brpad stream flowing1 jus south of Seoul early Thursday morning They seized a toehold on the south bank were unable to expand it The South Koreans have no driven the reds back yet but are preparing an offensive to eliminate the the Tae jon dispatch said The optimistic picture of a turn ing tide of war in Korea markec a complete reversalwithin hours Only Wednesday commu nist forces were reported pushing southward virtually without op position after the fall of Seoul Turned Back The later dispatches indicated the northerners sent exploratory spearheads across the Han towarc the U S headquarters of Suwon only to have them turned back by stiffening South Korean resistance and the onslaught by American air forces The first sign of possible coun terblows by communist airmen came in the form of an air alarm at the U S air base at Itazuke one of the main bases in the Kore an operation The alarm sounded at mideve ning U S fighters swarmed aloft Lights were turned off A brillian bombers moon shone over thj base A curtain of military secrecy fell over the base for the time being and it was not learned immediate ly what the alarm presaged The communistradio at Pyong yang blared a ceaseless clamor o propaganda and war claims I said the North Korean navy cap tured the South Korean Yellow sea naval base on Pekyon Island just below the 38th parallel An amphibious force took the island after heavy fighting the broad cast said In a review of 4 days of fighting the radio said the communists had advanced 50 to 80 miles and had liberated 8000 square miles in cluding 12 big cities and 5000 lages Southern Army Takes Over Kimpo Airport RAIL STRIKE STOPS JOB Davenport Grabbs Inc manufacturers 01 concrete blocks announced it wouldclose at the end of Wednesday nights work because of inability to get materials The company said that because of the railroad switchmens strike it could not get materials About 30 employes are affected OIWHS m 242 SAME BtMk ftaf 4ulh U By THE ASSOCIATED American Br29 bombers and U S warships thundered intp battle Thursday against the communist invaders of South Korea With this sup port the defenders were hold ing their main battle line and surging to the counteroffen sive They recaptured stra tegic Kimpo airfield 16 miles west northwest of Seoul A North Korean broadcast said 27 U S bombers blasted Pyongyang the communists capital There was no con firmation of this from allied sources but American planes have been ordered to confine their fighting to the skies over South Korea American warships ordered to prevent communist seaborne TC inforcements from landing shelled North Korean naval and ground unitsnear the communistheld South Korea port of Jnchon on the Yellow Sea coast The cruiser Jtineau patrolled the east coast to prevent strengthening nist beachheads Shortly Gen iMac Arthur returnedto Japan jafeartfefied bjr ii personal tour of thevhowStabilized front theB29s went into action against primary North Korean gets with good results an an nouncement said They blasted the way for the South Koreans into Kimpo Field To the other defending units battered at heavy tank concentrations in the western sectors of the fallen capital SeouL Holding Now The South Koreans ordered to hold their main battle lirte along1 the Han riyer neajf Seoul at v all costs were giving prpmise of being able to dpVthatj the aid of tons of supplies being airliftedin About 600 tons already and more was coming in the way of 105MM field guns mortars ba zookas and other weapons In Washington U S casualties to date were counted at 3 pos sibly 6 kUled and 12 missing Also in Washington the government closely scanned reppcts of com munist bloc troop movements in Europe and the near par ticularly near Yugoslavia and borders of Turkey and Irari While Washington reflected this worry that the Korean spark might flame into World war III the U S atomic energy commission told legislators that great steps have been taken toward developing the hydrogen superbomb UN Assemblies Force At Lake Success the United Nar tions ignored legal chal lenge and went ahead full speed at assembling an international force to repel the invaders of South Korea The U S already has rejected the Russian conten tion that the UN s qqurity coun cil cease fire order was illegal be cause Russia was not present UN Secretary General TrygveLie canceled a scheduled trip to Europe became of the Korean war arid the U N decision to try to stop it by force U S arid Korean strategists at the front have drawn their main battle line along the Han river About 25000 troops on each side face each other along the line which extends from a point near Seoul along the river west to the Yellow seacoast The commu nist drive southward has not crossed the river New Zeland Joins Already powerful U N sea forces were abuilding Britain committed to U S disposition some 23 ships including an air craft carrier in her far eastern naval U S has 18 war ships in the far Pacific Australia said a destroyer and frigate were available in the Pacific to support the U S and New Zealand said she was ready to send her 1 cruiser and 6 frigates now on maneuvers near Fiji The U S navy also wai assembling a 2nd big Pacific task force Including the 27000ton carrier Philippine Sea These forces will operate on assumption Slty are carrying out U N instructions to itop aggression in Korea con demned the u N security council call for of South Korea as jllegal ;