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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 29, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME cow DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES UOINES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JUNE 29 1945 Paper Consists ol Two One NO FOUR JAP CITIES BURN AFTER RAIDS Charter Brave Experiment Vandenberg INSIDE WASHINGTON Life Becomes Just Series of Points Points More Points By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Correspondent been strug gling with my better nature urg ing the weak thing NOT to try to make any puns any pointed puns sorry there I go about the way points have some into our national life We do live and eat when we can on a pointtopoint system We have almost got accus tomed to this Now comes the point system of getting your hero home from war Points for this points for that and so on Its like passing a college exam I see no harm in spite of my nopunning resolution in repeat ing that half the young things I know go about muttering Heaven send me an 85point man One young married thing ex claimed in my presence If only the baby had been twins then Ic know its father would be sent back home It Would Be Good To Hear one encouraging word from one re turning veteran or traveler A 3 minute conversation with a person who has been overseas especially as an observer of Europes anguish plunges one so deep in gloom you almost decide to jump in the river and leave the world to other peo ple Certainly there is no June day inspiration in such reports a these Weareon the brink of a re turn to the dark ages On the con tinent of Europe there is nothing absolutely nothing but death and destruction The weight of reconstruction rests on Russia and the Unite that our na drop Russii a drop i 1 as man as we have In this countrydurin the next few years all of us will be doing the kind of work and the kind of doingwithout we have never dreamed possible As for that which people used to call is no such thing Especially among women Morals have gone their way Inconsistency Is Such a com forting characteristic in ones own self Very trying in other people Here is an engaging tale on the theme It was reported to me by Mrs Randolph Huntington Miner who heard it told from a church pulpit There was a kindly priest who on leaving his church was at tacked by a highwayman As the highwayman stuck a gun in his back the good Father trying to be helpful according to the belief ot his faith said My poor man if youll look at me youll see I am a poor priest I have no money to give you You must be desperate or you wouldnt want to rob me I bear you no ill will Indeed Id like to give you my very choicest possession Heres a cigar The highwayman hung his head Oh no Father Dont give me that Dont tempt me Ive given up smoking The Patriarchal Roof Tree is spreading its pleasant shade again Or call it a matriarchal rooi tree if you prefer The warhas set its slightlywithered boughs to blossoming Havent you noticed Nespecially in Washington how many young married daughters have come home to roost for the Failure to Ratify Would Zheat World of One Chance For Peace Senator Declares Washington Vandenberg told his col eagues Friday they must accept the united nations charter as a irave experiment or cheat the world of its only collective chance or peace In a vigorous endorsement of the San Francisco conference agree ment for formation of an national organization the chair man of the republican senatorial conference called the pledges lewn out there a new amanci pa lion vorld Before proclamation for the the Michigan senator ook the floor Senator Taft of Ohio chairman of the republican steering committee said he and others are thinking of trying to write into the ratification resolu ion limitations on the authority Edward K Stettinius Jr will wield as American delegate on the proposed world security coun cil Speaking from a prepared man uscript Vandenberg said he would support the charter in the deep conviction that the alterna tive is physical and moral chaos in many weary places ol the earth I shall do it because there must be no default in ouroft pledged purpose to outlaw ag gression so far as lies within our human power he declared I shall do it because this plan re gardless of infirmities holds great promise that the united nations may collaborate for peace as ef fectively as they have made com mon cause for war I shall do it because peace must not be cheated out of its only collective chanceI doubt if there could ever be an other or better start Vandenberg who helped draft the charter as an American dele gate thePacific settlement Europeans Face Long Hard Winter By LYLE C WILSON Munich Germany tUP De feated Germany and perhaps all of Europe are headedfor a black cold winter of political and eco nomic crisis The sun shines brightly on western Europe now Foresighted Germans still are adding to their allotted food rations by eating into the stores they stole or hoarded before defeat Except for the physical destruc tion of cities industries and fa cilities things do not look so badly in the old world Some Germans actually are eating a bit better than most Europeans certainly better than the average French man Germans have meat There has been a food crisis in western Ruhr and Rhineland regions were war washed over the countryside But strict rationing is easing that Here in the largest city of the American occupied zone life goes on even though about half the city has been bombed down and some 40 000 or more residents died at one time or another in the explosions It is to next winter that the economistslook with dread both Shipbuilding Center Other Industrial Cities Flame From 3000 Tons of FireBombs Guam Saturday the 4th American Superfortress attack mission of the week against the Japanese homeland 50 B29s struck the important Kudamatsu refining plant of the Nippon Oil company on the southwestern Honshu coast shortly before midnight Friday night The raid came while huge fires still burned in Japans great ship building center of Sasebo and 3 other industrial cities after near ly 50 Superforts rained 3000 tons of fire bombs on prime targets The unrelenting war of anni hilation from the skys caught the Japanese without a defense Not a single enemy fighter plane rose to meet the intruders The bombardiers singled out PRESIDENT TRUMAN INHOME TOWN FOR and smiling broad ly President Harry S Truman waves his hat to oldfriends and well wishers as he rides through the streets of his home town of Independence Mo after a flight from Salt Lake City Utah Truman Places Future Peace Squarely in Senates Lap With Speech in Kansas City Kansas City Mo Truman put squarely up to the senate Friday what he termed the decision on future peace duration Bringing their baby their children carriages and ana high chairs theyve come to live with mother and father while the young husbands are off at war On many a sunny Washington avenu you may see any sunshiny day a procession of proud grandmother out pushing prams and gocarts Stopping to tie the babys bonne strings pick up its tops cover it too frisky ticking feet They ex plain to passing friends Edith has come home for th war Today she had to go to he Red Cross work so Im mindin the baby You ought to come sec us Were packed like sardines ii pur house now But its fun Evei If we havent a maid Strange isnt it However sign do indicate that war the viciou destroyer of life will revive th institution of the family Mayb go Chinese and collect 2 or generations under xmefamil management Not my idea of carefree life Churchill Back in London London Minister Churchill returned lo London Fri day after a 1000mile electio tour of England and Scotland dur ing which he made 30 speeche He looked fit but tired Mr Churchill was with him of disputes hot force is the real genius of the charter adding It is my profound belief that the Pacific contacts and consulta ons which will constantly be maintained by the articularly the great lus the Pacific routines which very dispute must exhaust be ore it is subject to any sort of anctions can resolve most if not II of the controversies which therwise might lead once more i war Under the organizations for iula there could be no escape y any power from organized pinion of the world he said add ug that the self confessed crim nal of tomorrow will stand con emned Vandenberg said some would ontend that even a good league ould not compensate for a bad eace I am not diluting for a single nstant the dreadful responsibility vhich will rest upon those who hart the final peace he asserted But I am saying that whatever he final peace may be the pro ections for human rights and undamental freedoms inherent in he San Francisco charter will in evitably make a better a wiser md a safer job of it in its ulti mate impacts upon humankind Vandenberir met the argument hat what really was created at San Francisco was a military al iance among the United States Great Britain and Russia with the agreement that so far as peace enforcement is concerned there is iubstance to this contention But I hasten to assert he said that so far as force is concerned the world is at the mercy of Rus sia Britain and the United States regardless of whether we form Jiis league or not Those happen to be the facts of life for Germanyand Bother European countries Our best informed ex pertspoint sadly to the coal fam ine which still is acute in Europe It will remain acute through next winter unless someone sends in coal and in vast quantities Eu ropes manufacturing economy is largely based on coal The great Ruhr mines capable of producing more than 100000000 tons 3 year are coming up at a pitiful rate of 7000000 tons Strictly rationed as they are the Ruhr miners may refuse to produce at maximum capacity The pits themselves are in pretty good shape France needs coal as desper ately as does Germany Right now none knows where she is to get it By winter time the Germans will have eaten through their food hoard and will be dependent on their basic ration It is 950 calories a day in the American occupied zone right now Amplified from hoarded food it is estimated that Germans in Munich average about 1250 calories a day Used 42 Cars Go RationFree July 2 Washington of used 1942 automobiles will be dis continued July 2 They have been rationed since March 6 1942 New 1942 cars remain under rationing In announcing its action Friday OPA said dealers were experienc ing difficulty in trying to sell used 1942 models to rationholders be cause many of the cars have had more mileage and harder usage than some of the earlier models Grew Denies Reported Jap Peace Offer Washington a statement by Senator Capehart acting secretary of state Joseph C Grew said Friday this country has received no Japanese peace offer either through official or unofficial channels Capehart told a reported Thurs day night he had been reliably formed that Japanese peace offers which would be acceptable to me personally have been made with in recent weeks Capehart said he could not disclose the terms but added if the Japanese promised to give up all territory they have conquered including Manchuria wouldnt that be all right Grew was asked by a reported Friday to comment on Capeharts statement Grews firm denial was the 2nd he has made in the last 2 months GWYNNE DOUBTS BILLS LEGALITY Measure for Succession to Presidency Eyed Washington W There is some doubt an Iowa representa tive says whether the speaker of the house legally can succeed lo the presidency in event of death or removal of both the president and vice president Rep Gwynne RIowa a mem ber of the house judiciary com mittee told a reporter there had been some question about wheth er the speaker is an official of the government under terms of the constitution The constitution he pointed out provides that in event of the death or removal of the presi dent the duties of the office shall be taken over by the vice presi dent and congress may declare by law what officer should act as president in event of the vice presidents death or removal from the presidency One suit involving an impeach ment Gwynne said had held that a congressman could not be re moved under the law applied be cause he was not a civil officer There is a constitutional ques tion involved there and there seems to be some doubt Gwynne said He declared there is no neces sity for hasty action by congress on legislation asked by Presiden Truman providing for succession of the speaker of the house to th presidency rather than that o the secretary of state We should give this question careful consideration Gwynn said War Bond Message From Army General Washington is a 7th war loan statement from Lt Gen Levin H Campbell Jr chief of army ordnance Our country is pouring out its might on the battlefields There can be no holding back of the nations full might during the 7th war loan Every American citi zen has a grave responsibility to assure oversubscription of the ob jective French Name Pacific Head Paris Jacques Le Clerc commander of the famou 2nd armored division has been selected to lead the French expe ditionary force against Japan th war office announced Friday Unless the United States leads he way by Ratification of the world ourt he can be 10 peace in the world His solemn warning voiced In homecoming ceremony Thurs tay night in which he received he honorary doctor of laws de gree from the University of Kan as Citys law school increased ipeculatinn he may submit the charter to the senate Monday in person We are going to have to ratify this constitution of San Fran cisco the president declared And I want to say to the United States Do it first Meanwhile the president ar ranged a 4 p m CWT confer ence with former Gov Alt M andon of Kansas 1936 republi can presidential nominee MANSLAUGHTER SLAYING VERDICT Army Majors Wife Held Responsible for Shooting Bridgeport Conn found Mrs Imogens 24 crimin lly responsible for the death by hooting of Albert Kovacs 19 ubmarine sailor whom the army majors wife shot and killed in the lome of a neighbor in New Canaan One of a scries unite both parties of moves to and all fac tions behind nonpartisan objec tives the meeting will take placi in the presidents temporary suit atop the Hotel Muehlebach He later will attend a buffet supper as guest of Roy W Roberts man agingeditor of the Kansas City Star The presidents speech in the municipal auditorium given ex temporaneously was a reiteration of his oftexpressed request fo an end to isolationism It is absolutelynecessary fo the greatest republic that the su has ever shown upon to live wit the world as a whole and not b itself the president declared The world he continued i one world as Willkie said an he added that nations must ge along as well in the republic the world as the states do in th United States Chiang Sends Congratulations Chungking Chiang KaiShek messaged Presi dent Truman Friday sincere con gratulations on the successfu conclusion of the united nation conference and the adoption of world charter which is indeed great blessing lo mankind ast Saturday night The coroner said that state ments furnished by police indi ated that Mrs Stevens was un der the influence of liquor and under a high emotional strain vhen she fired 3 shots into the youths body but asserted hat the intoxicated condition of Stevens does not absolve her from a charge of manslaughter Steibdr reported chemical analy sis on Alberts body showed he 00 was definitely under the In fluence of liquor From statements made to police y Mr and Mrs Charles Milton n whose home adjoining that of the Stevens residence the shooting occurred it would appear said Steiber that an illicit love had existed between Mrs Stevens and Mr Milton which caused the Mil ton home to be broken up for a number of months Tokyo Fears Landing Off Balikpapan Manila said Friday allied minesweepers were operat ing off Balikpapan apparently preparatory to a landing after it was officially revealed that the U S 7th fleet was ranging the Macassar strait The Japanese broadcast claimed that an allied destroyer had been sunk by an air attack and said that 2 patrol boats sank from unknown reasons A communique from Gen Douglas MacArthurs headquar ters confirmed that the 7th fleet commanded by Admiral Thomas C Kinkaid was roaming the wat ers between Borneos east coast and Celebes Balikpapan import ant oil center is located on the east coast The communique said that 3 enemy planes were destroyed during a torpedo plane attack on warships of the 7th fleet on Mon day The Japanese earlier this week claimed an allied cruiser had been sunk and a 2nd damaged in the attack Fridays communique also re ported another attack by heavy medium and light planes on Bal ikpapan and Fontianak Over 150 planes dropped 286 tons of bombs on enemy installations A Melbourne dispatch reported that the rich oilfield on tiny Tara kan island northeast of Balikpa pan has resumed production for the first time since it was demol ished by the Japanese a fewdays before the Australian landing there May 1 The Tarakan field can produce oil suitable for pumping right ihto ships bunkers without refining Before the war it turned out about 6000000 barrels a year Natives blessed the undertak ing with a religious ceremony barred during the Japanese occu pation Led by a Mohammedan Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday No decided change in temperature Iowa Partly cloudy and cooler Friday and Friday night with scattered light showers in ex treme south Saturday fair and rather cool Minnesota Partly cloudy and rather cool Friday night and Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 80 Minimum Thursday 57 At 8 a m Friday 64 Precipitation 02 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 80 Minimum 56 priest the natives prayed while the head of a cow killed ceremo niously the day before was bur ied near the pumping station On the opposite side of Borneo according to a Melbourne radio report Australia forces captured the rubber town of Beaufort northeast of Brunei bay To the southwest of Brunei bay troops which took the Miri oil fields linked with other Australian units who had captured the Seria fields Destroyers shelled Japa nese positions 11 miles south of Miri In the Philippines the main fighting was over but nasty mop pingup continued in the moun tains of northern Luzon and in Mindanao in the Davao area Its Good Weather for Bond Rally It looks like fair weather for Friday night Generalissimo Larry Clough of the southside army of sales persons whispered Friday in anticipation of the War Bond Rally in Central park to wind up affairs for the Mighty 7th here But doughs fingers were crossed when he said it For first rain can celled the big show for the south wind all but wrecked their show Late Friday afternoon it ap peared that everything was set this in Central park at 8 fun targets which never before had felt the full weight of the Super fortresses designed by the Amer ican aerial command to rob Japan of the power to resist Returning pilots said large fires broke out in at least 2 of the centers They said their raid was challenged only by antiaircraft fire in the predawn attacks on the principal island of Honshu on which Tokyo is located and on the southernmost island of Kyushu One bomber of the fleet failed to return Japanese broadcasts said the raiders also attacked the indus trial city of Shimonoseki on the southern tip of Honshu and Ka noya on southern Kyushu These reports said the fires were brought under control by early morning several hours after the American bombers turned for home base The raids were announced by the 21st bomber command while fleet headquarters was disclos ing new successes of search planes against supply shipping in enemy home waters Eight vessels were sunk and 8 more damaged Wednesday and Thursday be tween Japan and Korea by planes which have accounted for ap proximately 290000 tons of ship ping in The B29 crewmen observed the large fires at Nobeoka port and chemical center on north eastern Kyushu and at industrial Okayama on Honshu 100 miles west of Osaka Nobeokas fires sent smoke up through the clouds The clouds required instrument bombing and obscured results at the big naval base of Sasebo and the big coaling port of Moji both on northern Kyushu Half of the formation attacking Okayama which has a military arsenal a troop training center and plane parts factories was able to bomb visually through a broken undercast The ground fire ranged from weak and moderate in most places to intense over Moji Chief among the targets as the B29s raised the total of Japa nese cities hit to 18 was Sasebo with its shipbuilding and ship re pair yards Moji is the southern terminus of a tunnel under Shimonoseki Strait linking Hon shu and Kyushu The fiery devastation brought added to a total of 115 square miles already burned and bombed out of Japanese cities by the B29s In their successful ship hunt ing between Korea and Japan Wednesday and Thursday search planes of fleet air wing one sank a small tanker a small cargo ship an unidentified vessel 4 small craft and a freighter They also damaged a small freighter transport 5 small cargo ships a small coastal cargo ship and a lugger Although these achievements were not spectacular they fit into the strategy of constantly whit tling down the enemy supply lines On Wednesday planes of the tactical air force set afire a small enemy cargo ship and a coastal vessel off the Amami islands north of Okinawa in the Ryukyus and also damaged 2 coastal ves sels and a barge The following day 2 luggers were sunk by army Thunderbolts off the Sakishima islands south of Okinawa Enemy planes feebly at tempted to raid Okinawa Wednes day headquarters reported Fri day but caused no damage One was shot down Edward R Stettinius Jr The Earl of Halifax A A Gromyko Dr Wellington Koo HISTORY IN THE Big 5 dele gation chairmen are shown above as they signed the new world organization charter at the close of the united nations conference in San Francis Joseph PanlBoncour eo The charter now will be presented for ratifi cation by each of the 50 participating rations In Manila Gen Douglas Mac Arthur Friday announced new air blows against Formosa and the Asiatic coast Black Widow night fighters carried jellied gasoline bombs Monday night to the Ensuiki alcohol refinery on Formosa and started fires there which could be seen for 100 miles Liberators pounded the Tanshj refinery half way up Formosas west coast Armed reconnaissance patrol bombers of the U S 7th fleet hit the Wampoa docks at Canton and fuel stores at Nanking China Other planes destroyed 2 coastal freighters and several 6il tanks at Kuantan on the east coast Malaya ;