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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 28, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED fOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Piess Full Lease Wires Doesnt Declare Intentions But Russia Charges American Aid Is Aggressive By HENRY SHAPIRO I MOSCOW official newspaper Pravda charged the United States Wednesday with a direct act of aggres sion against North Korea and the communist Chinese peoples republic The newspaper demands Havent thev gone too far Pravda said President Trumans announcementthat the U S navy and air force help protect Formosa a n d South Korea violated the United Nations charter The U S acted as if the UN did not exist it said But Pravda did not indicate what Russia intended to do about it Russia is bound to communist China by a 30year treaty of friendship alliance and mutual aid signed in Moscow last Febru ary It binds either country to give immediate help to the other if it is attacked by Japan or any state with her Although np sovietNorth Korean alliance has been announced Russia set up the communist government in North Korea and trained and sup plied its army Factual Occupation Pravda said President Trumans order to the 7th fleet to protect Formosa constituted factual oc cupation of part of Chinas terri tory by the American armed forces Both Pravda and govern ment newspaper Lzvestia reported President 7 announce in onthe 3rd from the lasf page and cited the New York radio as its source Only Pravda commented edi torially on the announcement i Who authorized the U S gov ernment to take such a step Pravda demanded In armed forces did the United States government conform its policy With the UN faithfulness which President Tru man and Secretary of State Ache son are proclaiming When did the security council decide to untie the hands of the U S government so as to binder take direct aggression1 Unauthorized As is wellknown neither the UN nor any other international to undertake those By undertaking this government actions open aggressive act the Amer ican government obviously in tended to presentthe accomplish ed fact before the UN Pravda said that Korean events reveal with all clarity that the imperialist warmongers will not stop halfway It Contended that the Americansupported South Korean republic started the war in Korea by invading Northern Korea Truman Says Korean Fight Is Serious Washington Tru man said Wednesday he hopes the United States decision to challenge the onward march of communism will mean peace in the world The president addressed the re serve officers association whose members stood and cheered when he came before them at the May flower hotel Smilingly acknowledging their demonstration then solemnly told them We face a serious situation He went on to say he hopes his decision would serve the cause of our country and a peaceful world Before Mr Truman spoke Sec retary of Defense Louis Johnson described the Sunday night white house decision to send planes and warships to the aid of South Korea as the finest hour in American history Johnson also told the reserve association that the national de fenseis stronger than ever before in our peacetime history Carrying out Mr Trumans mo mentous decision American planes already were in action in Korea Prom this country an increasing volume of warmaterials was pour ing into Pacific pipelines to strengthen the front against com munism all alipng the line drawn by the president against commu nist aggression In another address to the Amer ican Newspaper guild President Truman declared the unprovoked invasion of Korea is an example of the danger communism presents toall undeveloped areas We must and we shall give every possible assistance to people who are determined to maintain organization authorized the U independence he said We must counteract the communist weapon of It was his 2nd speech 6f the day which touched on Tuesdays momentous decision to use Amer ican planes and warships against the communist invaders of Korea OKAYS STATEHOOD Washington senate in sular committee approved Wednes day housepassed bills to grant statehood to Alaska and Hawaii Cents Copy EARLY CONTRIBUTIONMiss Dorothy Citys acting postmaster who will be out of the city Thurs day evening is shown contributing to the drive by Mason City Amyets post 92 for funds to spray for fly and mos quito nuisances in residential areas Left to right are Miss Dunn Bob Douglas commander Marvin McKee and Ray Stephen son A porchlight bid will get underway Thursday at p m when Mason City Amvets and Auxiliary members will stop at each house where they see porch light They will wear official arm bands and will give receipts to contributors MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JUNE 28 1950 This Paper Consists of Two T HOME EDITION iiiiiir Vr No 284 Photo HEADS 7TH FLEET Com mander of the United States 7th fleet Is Vice Admiral Arthur D Struble He commands the force operating in Korean waters Doubt Tax Reduction in Face of Korea Washington Americas militarymove against communist aggression in the Far East has raised doubt that there will be any tax reduction this year Senate Democratic Leader Luc as of Illinois said however that thefate of the bill to cut excise taxes a billion dollars now being debated vin the house depends upon developments We must stand by and wait he said There is no indication now that more money will be needed for the military One influential democrat told re porters that if the development at Korea and Formosa means war we will have a tax increase in 30 a decrease How ever he said the house is likely to pass the excise reduction bill and then the senate can stop it If world developments warrant Cerro Gordo Population Now 45648 Cerro Gordos census figure for 1950 is 45648 it was revealed Wednesday by A C Fuller Water loo 3rd district census supervisor who was in Mason City Wednes day conferring with the executive committee of the Chamber of Commerce on the recently released preliminary population for Mason City This is a gain of 1803 for the county It includes Mason Citys recent ly announced figure of 27596 Clarence Lundt Dies in Hospital Clarence Lundt 45 Albert Lea1 Minn died at a local hospital Tuesday evening from injuries received in an auto accident early Tuesday morning Mr Lundt and his brother Har ry were in an auto that missed a bridge on a county highway a half mile south and 2 miles east of Kensett and plunged into the Shell Rock river the sheriffs of fice at Northwood reported Har ry who received only bruises is being held in the Northwood jail Mr Lundt a painter had worked vicinity of Mason City for some time Surviving are 2 brothers Elmer and Harry Lundt Mason City and his mother Mrs Charles Schultz Anoka Minn Funeral arrangements are in complete The Colonial funeral home in charge Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Sunny Thursday High Thursday 79 low Wednes day night 48 to 50 Iowa Fair and cooler north and west portions clearing and cool er southeast Wednesday night Thursday fair and cool Low Wednesday night 48 to 54 north 52 to 56 south High Thursday 75 to 80 Shifting winds becom ing northwesterly 10 to 15 miles per hour Thursday Humidity moderately low Thursday Further outlook Warmer Friday and Saturday with possible thuridershowers west portion Saturday Low Thursday night 50 to 55 High Friday 80 to 85 Minnesota Fair and cooler Wed nesday night Thursday fair and cool Low Wednesday night 40 45 north 4550 south High Thursday 6570 north 7075 south IN MASON CITY Globe Gazette weather statis tics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Wednesday Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Precipitation Year agfl Maximum Minimum 80 59 71 trace 88 66 North Korea Army in Seoul Form New Southern Defense Pour Guns Into Korean Battle Front Kremlin Reaction Holds Key to World War or New Peace By JOHN M HIGHTOWER Washington AP The United States poured an in creasing volume of war raa teriels into its Pacific pipe lines Wednesday to reenforce the new fighting front drawn against communist aggres sion in Asia Now that American planes and warships are in combat action around Korea arms have been urgently dispatched to TndoChina and the Philip pines and Formosa is being screened by the U S navy The next move in the grim contest over spreading soviet communism was clearly up to the kremlin Administration officials agreed that as the situation now stands following Mr Trumans historic decision to support the United Na tions and meet the Korean chal lenge headon the little group of powerful men who run Russia and its satellites holds the key to world war or peace Convinced of Right There appeared to be no doubt among top officials that whatever the outcome of the present crisis they had done the right thing in deciding to go to the support of south Korea once the U N se curity council had ordered the northern invaders out They have long argued that the only way to stop aggression isto use force against force And while the president took a calculated risk of war with Rus sia in the decision on Korea advisers argued that any policy smacking of appeasement would have been even riskier by encouraging the kremlin to count on American weakness not only in Korea but elsewhere Reports from the fighting front in Korea were scanned eagerly by government officials but reactions from the diplomatic and political fronts were no less interesting to the white house and state depart ment Mr Truman and others were re ported greatly cheered by the speed with which cold war allies abroad and political leaders at home rallied in the warlike atmos phere to support the American ac tion No Division Officials said any hopes the so viets may have held that the bold course would divide the nation and the free world must have been dashed by the actual devel opments At Lake Success N Y the United Nations security council voted 7 to 1 for an American res olution indorsing the presidents more than 10 hours after he announced it to the world Russia as usual did not attend the meeting There were indications that if the defense department needs to finance increased mili taiy aid operations congress will vote it speedily However the at titude in congress is to wait and see if new money is needed Meanwhile informed officials said American planes guns ammuni tion signal equipment jeeps trucks and artillery are beginning to roll to far eastern countries immediately under appropriations already available Dispels Uncertainty From many foreign capitals the president and his advisers re ceived evidence that the stern ac tion taken in Korea had encour aged Americas cold war allies to a greater confidence in this coun trys many declarations of pro tecting free nations against com munist aggression In London the house of com mons cheered the development in Paris Rome and other key west ern cities it was hailed with ex pressions of support British po litical observers believed it had dispelled uncertainty in the west over what the United States would NORTH KOREA SOUTH KORIA EMPTY HOMES ROBBED Des Moines 14yearold Des Moines youth admitted to po lice Tuesday that he obtained in ransacking 4 west end homes while residents were vacationing over the weekend CHILD DROWNS IN POND Bloomfleld Cole 6 drowned in a pond on his parents farm Tuesday while playing near the water He was a son of Mr and Mrs Ray Cole who live 5 miles west of Bloomfleld SEOUL CAPTURE AND ENCIRCLEMENT CLAIMED BY COMMUNISTS show how North Korean communist forces have entered and encircled Seoul capital of South Korea according to a broadcast over the communist radio The communists claimed that the encirclement took place Wednesday and that another force had penetrated into the city Thursday Korean A report from Suwon underlined by Associated Press correspondent O H P King said that Kimpo airport 16 miles west and slightly north of Seoul had been captured by the invaders No Change in Schedule Administration Is Confident U S Russia Will Not Fight By JACK BELL Washington Demo cratic Leader Lucas in an ex pression of confidence that the U S and Russia are not going to war said Wednesday that the goal of a July 31 adjournament of congress still stands The Illinois senator talked over the situation with reporters fol lowing general approval in con gress of President Trumans order for armed support of South Korea against invading communists Most republicans and virtually all the democrats made it clear they will support the presidents bold move to stop communisms march in the far Pacific by draw ing an anticommunist defense at the calculated risk of war Wont Predict New Lucas refused to predict that there will be any call on congress for an increase in armed forces expenditures He said I dont want to say that we will need more money for the armed forces I dont want to be in the position of saying we are going to have dont think we are He added the remark about congress closing on schedule as a token of his confidence The backing that was given Mr Trumans action Tuesday night by the security council of the United Nations tended to ease the minds of some lawmakers who have contended that the United States should act through the U N Warren Austin chief American delegate to the U N noted Tues day that the council in its cease fire order of Sunday had called on all members to support the U N in carrying out the resolu tion That resolution was cited by Mr Truman as the basis for his new action Senator Lucas had made clear his opinion however that the U S was going ahead no matter what the councils stand was He said the U N cant veto our ac tion Some Criticism Criticism of the presidents new Pacific naval aid for the Chinese nationalists making a last stand on was aimed primarily at the con tention that Mr Truman is taking the country into a shooting war without consulting congress Most of those who criticized the move however indicated that now the die has been cast they will go along Senator Taft of Ohio who suggested sending the navy to pro tect Formosa several months ago planned a senate speech on the subject Lucas made it plain that so far as the administration is concerned it expects congress to approve speedily military legislation now in the mill and stand by for a while to await developments Senator McCarthy who has been firing communist charges at the state department for months said the presidents action represents a major victory for anticommunists all over the world Hickenlooper Gillette Agree on Korean Action Washington Tru mans action in dealing with the Korean situation has been en dorsed by both Iowa senators Senator Hickenlooper a member of the senate foreign relations committee said he believes the president took the only action he could He told a reporter an appropria tion made by congress last year for military aid to Korea but this money was not used Senator Gillette democrat said in a statement Along with everyone else I am tremendously disturbed over the developments of the last 2 or 3 days However the presidents statement makes it appear that he is acting for this country as the agent of the United Nations and not in our individual national ca pacity Acting as an agent ofthe UN the course that he has taken is wholly legal and justified under the machinery that we have set up U S Military Group Swims From Seoul Suwon Korea members of an American military advisory group swam and paddled across the Han river to escape capture in Seoul Wednesday only a few jumps ahead of a Russian made North Korean tank The group headed by Col Ster ling Wright now is en route to new headquarters here South Koreans blew up 3 bridges over the Han river in a p attempt to slow the advance of North Kor ean forces Four Americans traveling in a jeep in the dark managed to get over one of the bridges before it was blown up Burton Crane cor respondent for the New York Times and Frank Gibney of Time Magazine also triedto cross it but the bridge was blown up be fore they could get across Crane and Gibneywere slightly injured First Lt Gordon Mohr of Minot N Dak and Capt Elmer Lowery of San Diego Cal ran in front of the Russian tank for 8 blocks before they could cross the river to safety It was the damnedest thing I ever have been through Mohr said The tank was firing like crazy but we were so close it couldnt hit us Mohr was captured in a guerril la uprising at Yosu 2 years ago and was sentenced to be shot But he escaped QUINTUPLETS DIE New Orleans 4 boys and a girl were born to a 28yearold Negro girl here Tuesday but all died within 4 hours of birth SAME Black mtani traffic death In pail 24 Great Britain Offers Naval Force to U S Reds Sweep Closer to Suwon 6 Heavy Russ Tanks Stopped By the ASSOCIATED PRESS South Koreas defenders have lost their capital Seoul along with other key points to the battering communist advance Wednesday the South Koreans struggled to form and hold a line farther south while waiting for Ameri can war might backed by a fresh pledge of British warships change the tide of battle American jets a n d bombers already were slashing at the en emy More power was on the way The U S Far East air forces announced American jets and light bombers effectively at tacked North Korean positions northwest of Seoul Troop con centrations truck convoys and railyards were bombed One American F82 fighter and a B26 light bomber were re ported destroyed on the ground by strafing of Russian made North Korean planes Two B26s were reported lost in crashes During tJ S evacuation oper ations jets and Mustang fighters shot down 6 Russianmade planes which attempted to interfere Signal Corps Arrives An American signal corps de tachment while not actively en gaged in the fighting is setting up a field headquarters in South Korea Britain offered heir naval forces in Japanese waters to support American action in Korea The ac tion by the labor government won quick applause from the opposition conservatives voiced by Avartirne Prime Minister Winston Churchill In Britain too hope was expressed that this show of power backed by the 7 to 1 vote of the United Nations security council Wednes day night would mean eventual peace A dispatch from Suwon airfield 20 miles south of Seoul said there was every indication that the war was going against the defenders It told of a long line of refugee Koreans moving south and re layed pessimistic reports of Amer icans who had been on the scene several days 8 Miles from Suwon The red sweep to the south was only 8 miles from Suwon where some Americans still are reported U S Ambassador John J Muccio and his staff were reported safe some 90 miles south ofSeoul The U S defense department in Washington confirmed reports that Seoul South Koreas capital fell to the reds along with Kimpo airport 16 miles to the northwest The announcement said Inchon seaport onthe west coast probably is untenable But it said that de spite loss of the 3 key points morale of the South Korean de fenders remains high A communist broadcast from Seoul early Thursday said North Korean commandos had landed at Pohangdong 60 miles north of the southeast port of Pusan and were advancing inland on Taegu 50 miles west It said they were joined by guerrillas in the area Report Guerrillas The broadcast also alleged that guerrillas were rising up and seiz ing villages throughout South Korea without waiting for the ar rival of northern red troops There was no confirmation for any of these claims The government of President Syngman Rhee and U S Ambas sador John J Muccio were at Taejon 90 miles south of Seoul The communists betraying the completeness of their invasion preparations quickly beganbroad casting from Seoul and introduced Lee Sun Yup defense minister df the northern regime as the new mayor of Seoul In the broadcast heard in Tokyo Lee even ordered Seoul schools to reopen Thursday An army spokesman said that there had been no sabotage no subversive action and no guer rilla warfare against South Ko rean forces Usiiif Heavy Tanks The North Korean invaders ap parently have more and heavier tanks than was originally re ported the army said A pentagon spokesman said Se oul apparently was captured by 2 North Korean thrusts spear headed by about 100 tanks Late reports identified some of these tanks as Russian manufactured T34sor 35ton tsnks mounting 76mm or 88mm guns ;