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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 27, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION United Press Full Lease Wires THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Shall We Put All Our Eggs in One Basket TITHAT I saw and heard during a week recently spent in Wash ington some of it on Capitol Hill made me a great deal more toler ant than I had previously been of the running debate that has been going on among the spokesmen for our three branches of national navy and air force There are fundamental issues at stake in the controversy and the future wellbeing and security of our nation may well be in the balaiice It isnt a case of juven ile bickering and petty inter service jealousies The angry charge that the na tional defense departments favor for B36 bombers was connected in some way with the personal or business affiliation between the head of the company manufactur ing the bomber and Secretaries Johnson and Symington is pic ayunish rather than fundamental Not for Bombing Alone What causes concern in the camp of both the army and the navy is their belief that such a preponderance of emphasis on in tercontinental bombing reflected in this preferred status given the giant bomber is unrealistic Its their belief and an hon est belief I am convinced that the nations security will be placed in peril by the glib assumption that the next war can be fought and won by bombing if the atomic bomb proves all that its cracked up to be In this view spokesmen for the army and navy find substantial support from disinterested and ob jective reports on the role of avi ation in the last war particularly in the European theater It is true that bombing wrought Inestimable damage in Germanys cities killed multiplied thousands and made homeless untold thou sands more But just as clear it is that bombingwas not the prin cipal reason for Germanys ulti mate defeat Little Affected Area bombing of cities and in dustrial sections the records show had surprisingly little effect on war production Bombs in such mass raids killed people and wrecked homes But they didnt reduce production by any sub stantial degree Precision bombing of specific targets was more effective But the testimony by the experts is unanimous that industrial plants hit by bombs for the most part suffered little more than building 1 damage Falling debris did little damage to heavy machinery This is reflected in the fact that Germany today is making so rapid a comeback industrially as to cause fears of a new Germany bent on making war again She is rising phenominally fast out of the rub ble made by bombs As a writer in the United States News recently pointed out little or no new machinery has gone into western Germany since the war But production by machinery that has survived the heaviest bomb ing of all time is running at almost 90 per cent of prewar output Output Actually Increased Studies reveal that production under the heaviest bombing not only can be maintained but ac tually increased That happened in Germany up to the final year of the war v Aircraft output in Germany for example climbed from a total of 21000 planes in 1943 to 35000 in 1944 And this was at a time when plane factories were a principal target for pin point bombing by British and American planes In a 5day period in 1944 American bombers dropped 4000 tons of explosive on plants re sponsible for 90 per cent of Ger manys fighterplane production About 75 per cent of the buildings were damaged or destroyed heres whats zignifi cant in an appraisal of bombing in the last weeks after the bombing Germanys output of fighter planes was more than dou ble the rate before the raids Steel synthetic oil tanks machine tools and bearings revealed a like rec ord Two Vulnerable Spots It was in the field of electric power and par ticularly the our avi ation found Hitlers most vulner able spot In September 1944 our bombing was focused on our enemys rolling stock German carloadings fell off 25 per cent in 2 months By March they were down to 76 per cent from August levels Raw materials could not be moved into factories finished products could not be moved out It was then that Ger man industry collapsed The writer in the United States News closes his article with these significant observations The lesson for soldiers in the of postwar Germany and the study of its wartime records in that air power can cut down production but cannot destroy the tod us trial capacity of a modern Battles not bombs CONTINUED ON 2 are MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JUNE 27 1949 OIL FIRE RAGES UNCHECKEDAn oil well broke out in Huntington Beach Gal Friday rages un checked as firefighters using a shield against the terrific heat battle rearing flames Salt water is being pumped into a neighboring well in an effort to saturate the oily strata below the fire and quell the flames at their source West Berlin Rail Strikers to Resume Work on Tuesday Berlin The 5week railway strike which has is blockaded Berlin almost as effectively as did the Russians scheduled to end Tuesday morning The executive board of the anticommunist railway union UGO bowed to the orders of the western allies Sunday and ordered members back work on the sovietcontrolled railways at that time The British American and French commanders in Berlin had warned that if the strike were not called off by Tuesday the west Berlin city government would quit relief payments to the strikers They said the stiike could no longer be justified because it was seriously damaging Berlin eco nomically was blocking the Paris 4power agreements to revive eastwest trade and was laying a big burden on the western pow ers in maintaining the airlift Strikers won 2 of their 3 ma jor demands All salaries will be paid in west marks Since this currency has a purchasing power 4 to 6 times as great as the sovietspon sored east mark railway strikers have won one of the greatest wage boosts in industrial history The railway management will convert 60 per cent of each em ployes east mark salary into west marks the west Berlin city gov ernment will exchange the other 40 per cent The Russiancontrolled railway management has given assurances there will be no retaliation against strikers The workers 3rd recognition of the UGO as official bargaining denied Senator Doud in Speech at GOP Meeting in Counterfeit Bills Seized Washington service agents Monday seized almost in counterfeit bills in a raid only a half dozen blocks from the white house and secret service headquarters The money was being made the treasury said in an office suite in the same block with world bank headquarters Four men and a woman were arrested A formal statement by the treasury said charges of manufac turing and passing counterfeit cur rency were placed against Eugene Hammon Creighton 25 Walter Wilbur Kidwell 30 William F Hughes 28 and his wife Jose phine 25 and Arthur M Bebar 35 All gave Washington addresses The treasury said Creighton and Kidwell admitted manufacturing the counterfeits in their business office suite They rented the suite March 30 and had inserted in the lease a clause permitting them to oper ate a duplicating machine the treasury said The notes were manufactured in early April and immediately afterward there was an air tour of the country to pass them But the treasury said it was only meagerly successful HUSBAND WIFE DIE New York UR William and Ethel Hutchinson were married Des Moines republiMust 3 raonths ago The 51 year old can party members are demanding wife died at p m Saturday Eighteen hours later the 57 year old husband died Police said they believed both died of natural dynamic leadership state Senator Alden Doud of Douds told a meet ng of republican county chairmen and vicechairmen Monday Doud spoke at a morning closed meeting of the county party of ficers but made public his re marks The county leaders met with the state republican central committee to discuss campaign plans for the 1950 elections He said in part Our campaign goal will not be reached until the thousands who relieve in plain oldfashioned honest government place their marked republican ballots in the jallot box Our party organi2ation must never again be permitted to be controlled by donothing imitative persons We must have fighting leaders and workers Our forces are numerous and able no longer waiting for dyna mic are demand ng it Doud called the Brannan farm program the cap sheaf of the most shoddy program ever presented to ihe American people The state senator also declared the Iowa congressional delegation was battling under prejudiced conditions in Washington but as serted those 9 experienced lead ers can be used to advantage in marshalling our forces here in owa and we should see to it that citizens receive the truth rom them Total meat consumption in the United States in 1948 was 213 billion pounds causes This Paper Consists of Two Victory for Gillette Is Prediction Iowa Senator Will Fight Nomination of Switzer as Judge Washington of his colleagues predicted Monday that Democratic Senator Gillette will win his battle with President Tru man over the nomination of a fed eral judge in Iowa If he does it will mark his 2nd political victory over a president of his own part3r Gillette announced over the weekend that my selfrespect and my duty as a senator from Iowa have forced him to oppose the nomination of Carroll O Switzer for the federal judgeship Should Be Consulted Chairman McCarran DNev of the senate judiciary committee can bottle up the nomi promptly told reporters that Gillette or any other demo Backs Gillette Des Monies UR Senator Bourke B Hickenloopcr R said Monday he will op pose the appointment of Carroll O Switzer Des Moines as fed eral judge in the southern dis trict of Iowa Hickenlooper did not announce his reasons for opposing Presi dent Trumans appointment of ihe former Polk county attorney and 1948 Iowa democratic can didate for governor He said only that he will back the stand taken by Senator Guy Gillette crat who could win in a normally republican state should be con sulted on all federal appointments in that state And other senators said pri vately the dispute already is de cided in favor of Gillette even though it may go through the formality of public hearings and other delays A subcommittee composed of the 5 topranking members of the senate judiciary committee was appointed Monday to hold a hear ing July 5 on the nomination McCarran will head the group Other members are Senators Kil gore DW Eastland CD Wiley RWis and Lang er RN Dak Switzer 41yearold attorney from Des Moines was the unsuc cessful democratic nominee for governor of Iowa last fall Says Switzer Honest It is extremely unfortunate that overzealous friends of Mr Switzer should have brought about the existing situation Gil lette said He made clear that he considers the nominee a man of high char acter clean and honest but in sisted that Switzer lacks the training experience and profes sional background for the fed eral bench Gillette won a bitter political contest in 1938 when the Tate President Roosevelt attempted to purge him from the senate for his opposition to the Roosevelt supreme plan court reorganization Dies of Burns After Air Crash Des Moines John Davis 27 manager of the Albia airport died in a hospital here Monday of 3rd degree burns suffered in a spray plane crash Saturday Davis is survived by his wife and 2 children in Albia and by his parents who live in Oskaloosa He was a World war II air forces veteran No 22S Vatican Says 1500 Priests Red Victims Stover Urges Support for Brannan Plan Des Moines president of the Iowa Farmers Union Mon day urged allout support of the Brannan plan for agriculture in a letter to members of the union Fred Stover Hampton an nounced plans for a wide cam paign to enlist support for the controversial price support plan set forth by Agriculture Secretary Charles Brannan He said efforts to brand Brannans discussion of the plan here recently as com munistic was a familiar tactic used to divert attention from the real issues Stover denied the recent labor farmer meeting at Davenport had a red or proRussian setting He termed the meeting one of historic importance where for the first time a large number of unions definitely endorsed such a program Laughlin to Position in GOP Group Des Moines Laugh lin Cherokee was named to the state republican central commit tee Monday to succeed Art Coburn Cherokee as republicans from throughout the state gathered here for a oneday grass roots meet ing Laughlin a Cherokee attorney was named at a meeting ofthe central committee Monday to fill the vacancy from the 8th district which will occur July 1 when Co burn becomes a member of the state liquor commission The GOP committee asked re publican state legislators in each congressional district to name a member to a legislative commit tee to confer with the central com mittee on policy matters Representatives of 3 republican organizations met with the central committee Sunday night They included Leroy Bud McGinnis Marshalltown young republicans Kraissie Watts Iowa council of republican women and Bill Weav er Wapello and Ed McNeil Mon t e z u m a republican veterans league Boy 7 Killed While Hunting services were sending Monday for Larry Porter 7 who was accidentally shot in he chest and killed by his 12 year old uncle Lyle Porter near here at 5 p m Sunday Larry and Lyle were trying to shoot a chicken hawk with a 22 caliber rifle when the accident oc curred The boy was dead when he arrived at the Hampton hos pital Larry had been staying with his randparents while his parents Ytr and Mrs Guy Porter of near eneva were visiting in Marshall town In 1900 the average American ate 151 pounds of meat or 6 pounds more than in 1948 GlobeGazette Photo BIGGEST DAY THIS Lake had its biggest day so far this season Sun day J Z Jack Stevens conservation officer estimated 9000 persons visited State Park sometime during the day Some were there a short time some stayed all day Many especially the youngsters went bathing at the State Park beach This photo shows part of the group in the water at one time during the afternoon High temper aturea continued in North Iowa Monday with the reading 87 in Mason City by 2 p m FLY ANNIVERSARY BOXCAR OF AP Wirephoto AIRLIFT Lt Michael B Seele 30 year old pilot of Bakersfield Cal and his copilot Lt W K Blackburn 29 of Myrtle Creek Ore pull at a sack inside their C82 flying boxcar They had just landed the twinengine ship on Berlins Tempelhof airdrome at exactly noon Sunday to round out the solid year of the Allied airlift Hickenlooper Sees Measure of Success in Atom Probe Des Moines S Senator B B Hickenlooper R lowa declared Monday his investigation of the atomic en ergy commission already has had a measure of success There already is evidence of a very drastic tightening of the commission along several lines he told a news con ference That was the only definite answer the senator gave to a question of what thought the result of the in vestigation would be Hickenlooper here to address a statewide grass roots republican meeting said in the beginning I want the people of Iowa to know that I think I know what Im do ing in starting the Ive been watching this thing go for 2 years Asked what had been the re action as expressed to him the senator replied that he had re ceived an extremely voluminous number of communications He added In Iowa the reaction has been about 10 to 1 in favor of the in vestigation There also has been a large number of communications from the nation as a whole Hickenlooper then was asked whether there were any areas where the reaction had varied from the 10 to 1 figure There are 2 areas where the criticism and approval have been about 5050 the senator replied I cannot mention those areas Hickenlooper who is expected o seek reelection next year com mented briefly on other points in news conference of nearly an hour and a half He labeled the Truman adminis tration Brannan farm program as a partisan political football which he said will be prohibitive n its cost in taxes and loss of freedom to the farmer The senator added that any farm arogram should be nonpolitical He said the Hoover commission report was one of the most pro gressive steps ever taken toward reorganization of he federal gov ernment Eagle Grove Youth Killed Clarion John Murphy 19 Eagle Grove was killed and 3 others injured in a collision be tween a pickup truck and a car at a rural intersection 6 miles southwest of Clarion at 9 a m Monday Murphy was riding in the rear of a pickup truck owned by the Lechner Engineering company of Ames driven by Ed Meisenheim er 20 of Ames In the other car were Verne Johnson 42 of Clarion a ma chine shop operator and Lyle Stoner 21 of Fontanelle Dr R A Young of Clarion Wright county coroner was called TO CHURCH BOARD Omaha Perry Hedberg Jr of Davenport Iowa has been elected to the Bible school and young peoples work the Baptist general conferenceby the groups national convention here Conviction of Perjury ThrownOut Washington supreme court Monday threw out the per jury conviction of Harold R Christoffel former Milwaukee la bor leader Christoffel was convicted in U S district court here on a charge that he falsely the house labor committee he had never been a communist or had any communist connections He was sentenced to 2 to 6 years The supreme tribunal ruled 54 Monday that the government in such a prosecution must be able to show positively that a quorum of the house committee was pres ent when Christoffel allegedly committed perjury Christoffels appeal contended a majority of the 25member house committee was not present when he testified March 1 1947 Therefore he insisted he could not have committed perjury with in the meaning of District of Columbia law 2 Die in Crash Near Le Grand Le Grand headon colli sion on highway 30 near here Sat urday claimed its 2nd life when Mrs John E Gustason of Tama died in a Marshalltown hospital Saturday afternoon of a broken neck Mrs Alma Kilmer 78 of Fort Lauderdale Fla was killed out right in the accident and her hus band Aclett Leslie Kilmer 76 was hospitalized in Marshalltown with critical injuries Mrs Gustasons husband also was hurt in the accident but not critically The Gustasons were returning to their home in Tama from Chey enne Wyo when their car col lided with the Kilmer machine The Kilmers were enroute to El dora to visit and Mrs I L Cakerice and Mrs F M Vinton SAME flat meam irartU M Claim Long AntiChurch Campaign Spokesman Gives Report on Picture in Soviet Vatican City UR Va t i c a n sources said Monday that more than 1500 Catholic priests have been arrested or have disappeared in sovietdominated eastern Eur ope since the end of World war II The campaign against Czecho slovak Archbishop Josef Beran is only the latest chapter in a long series of antichurch persecutions behind the iron curtain a spokes man said He said the church had been stripped of most of its authority in Hungary Czechoslovakia Al bania Romania Yugoslavia and the Baltic states Country by Country Vatican sources said the situa tion country by country was of the countrys 6 bishops have been executed The other 3 are in jail under death sentences At least 100 priests have been killed or imprisoned Only 20 priest still are carrying out their missions than 100 priests including Bishop Adolfo Szelazek of the Luck diocese have been ar rested Only 3 priests are still working freely in the Luck dio cese Of 600 priests in Warsaw a year ago only 473 remained in January Bishop Gregorio Chom yszyn of Stanislawow was de ported 6 bishops of Byzantine Catholic rite have been imprisoned At least 300 and probably 350 priests have been imprisoned or deported or have just dropped from sight With the hierarchy gone reports from Ro mania are lacking 100 Arrested than 100 priests had been arrested before Archbishop Beran became the cen tral figurein the churchstate dis pute 2 weeks ago At least 200 more priests are believed to been arrested since one diocese and a single priest is now registered for the entire country 250 priests have been arrested but persecution has not reached the peak that it has in other countries despite the fact that Archbishop Alois Stepi nac of Zagveb has been impris oned The church is freer in Yugo slavia than the Vatican had ex pected after the Stepinac trial Latvia Lithuania and Estonia information is vague but 6 bish ops and hundreds of priests are known to have been shot arrested or deported least 200 priests in addition to Joseph Cardinal Mind szenty have been imprisoned and reports are incomplete Bids Low on Decorah Flood Diversion Job St Paul Minn U S army engineers office here an nounced Monday that Otto B Ashbach St Paul was low bid der on an upper Iowa river flpod diversion project at Decorah Iowa Ashbach bid on the project which includes both chan nel improvement and dry run channel diversion Work probably will start in midJuly Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Continued warm and humid with light southerly winds Low Monday night about 60 Partly cloudy and cooler Tuesday with high 80 to 85 Iowa Partly cloudy continued warm and humid Monday night and Tuesday Scattered thunder showers over most of the state Monday night and extreme east portion Tuesday Low Monday night 6874 Minnesota Partly cloudy with occasional thundershowers east and south portion Monday night Cooler north west Monday night Tuesday fair and cooler IN MASON CITY GlobeGazettft weather lor 24 hours ending at 8 a m Mon day Maximum 85 Minimum 65 At 8 a m Monday 75 YEAP AGO Maximum Minimum 01 A ;