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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 27, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH DAILY EDITED FOR THE HOME UCNT or Y AND OINCQ THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOLL Associated Press isd United Presj Fun Leased Wim Fiire OcnU Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JUNE 27 This Paper Consists of Two Ooa NO ZM lowans Vote Full Support for Dewey By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor took the Iowa dele gation just a minute and a half Monday afternoon to accomplish what it failed to do in a 2hour caucus session Sunday night Even though 2 or 3 of the dele gates were known to favor Bricker it was decided for the good of the order to cast Iowas full 23 votes for Thomas E Dewey It was reasoned Sunday night that for Iowa to choose its candi date in advance be embar rassing to National Chairman Har rison E Spangler in his presiding role at the opening session of the convention That session Ls uow past Mr Spangler has been superceded by a temporary chairman awaiting choice of a new national chair man doubtless at the if not the presiden tial nominee So Iowa now has a seat on the Dewey toward the front with Illinois Pennsyl vania and California but suffi ciently far forward to be noticed in the parade REDS OPEN FURIOUS MR ATTACK Selection of Running Mate for Dewey Holds Interest of GOP One of the most prominent leaders in the Bricker camp here has been Rodney Lien formerly ol Rudd and Mason City now an executive vice president of one of the nations largest financial institutions the Cleveland Trust company Mr Lien former Ohio banking superintendent under Mr Bricker had made 2 trips into Iowa in the past 6 months in quest of delegate support for his man Monday evening Mr Lien was conceding that nomination is in he bag for Tom he still insisted that Bricker would be both a stronger candidate and an abler president The party farm plank dratted by a subcommittee headed by Iowa Gov B B Hickenlooper and consisting of fewer than 700 words is now in the hands of Sen Robert Taft convention res olutions chairman Based on a report prepared by the Mackinac conference agricul tural committee headed by Gov Hickenlooper since the death ot the late Sen Charles McNary original chairman and on recom mendations received from spokes men for the various national farm organizations the plankconsists about a dozen itis un derstood The central thread of the plank it is learned is to eleminate agri cultural regimentation as largely as possible and return farming from the bureaucrat to the farm er as one member of the sub committee put it Among the specific recom mendations understood to be in cluded in the plank calls for an American market price to the American farmer fortified by support prices commodity loans or a combination of the two Disposition uf surplus war com modities in an orderly manner is asked lo avoid destruction of markets and special benefits to profiteers New uses of farm products development oL foreign markets improved distribution and intelligent handling of farm surpluses are urged Research for the development ot new crops and best use ex isting crops is given approval and there is support in the plank for bona fide farmerowned and f a r m e roperated cooperatives with government farm credit un der a nonpolitical board DELEGATES NOT SURE WARREN WOULD ACCEPT Many Events Scheduled for Second Day of Session in Chicago Chicago Stadium can convention delegates in a hurry up and get it over mood looked for the answer Tuesday to their big remaining whos to team with Gov Thomas E Dewey in the fight to regain the white house The answer to question whether companion Gov Earl Warren ot California will accept the vice presidential nomination if expected soon perhaps within a matter of hours California called a morning cau cus at which it was learned War rens position will be discussed along with that of the delegation itself prior to the opening of the 3rd session of the convention at a m Warren has told the delegation not to nom inate or support him for anything here Tuesdays program bulged It called for a speech by Rep Jo seph W Martin ot Massachusetts permanent convention chairman and presentation the platform Committee Backs CoOperation for World Security DETAILS 0V PAGE Z Convention Headquarters Chi cago full resolutions committee of the 1911 republican convention Tuesday approved virtually without change a for eign policy plank which Monday night drew criticism from Wendell L Willkie the 1940 presidential nominee and a group of republi can governors The resolution still subject to a vote of the full convention pro posed to put the party on record in favor of postwar participation in cooperative organization1 among sovereign nations but banned any participation in a world state Intsead it recommended that the international organization it en visages should develop effective cooperative means to direct peace forces to prevent or repeal military aggression Fending formation of such an organization it pledged continu ing collaboration with the united nations to assure those ultimate objectives Report Nazis Lost Most of 4 Divisions as Cherbourg Falls Open Drive on Caen BULLETIN Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force Ger mans have lost not less than 70000 men in kilted wounded and captured since Dday headquarters estimated unofficially Tuesday The figure included 32000 prisoners Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force Iroops completed conquest of the deepwater port of Cherbourg Tues day while a powerful British offensive swept up 3 more towns and punched within 3 miles of eastern Normandy bastion of Caen In the battle for Cherbourg the enemy has lost the greater part of 4 infantry divisions numerous naval and marine units and line of communication troops su preme headquarters declared The doughboys captured Lt Gen Wilhclm von Schlieben nazi garrison commander and Rear Admiral Hennecke sea defense commander of Normandy Salvage experts rushed in order to make the great docks and harbor a tre mendous funnel of men and sup plies for the battles to liberate Europe But already Gen Sir Bernarc L Montgomery was battering ou on the eastern flank with Britisl troops driving east and southeas of Tilly Sur Seulles Field dis patches said forward elements were less than 3 miles due west of the stronghold of Caen and with in a miie ol the main road run ning southwest from Caen across the base of the Normandy penin sula The 3 additional towns cap tured were La Gaulle Cheux and St Manvieu in a stretch running some 5 miles east ol Tilly Warship guns supported this push battling against the most violent kind of opposition in the sector where the German com mand had concentrated 4 armored divisions Supreme headquarters declared the fall of Cherbourg cuds the 2nd phase in the campaign of liberation defcatinc the im mediate German tactical reserves and obtaining a harbor for larger operations inland from allied warships standing offshore There was every indication tha Rommel was determined to de fend Caen lo the last and an evei jreatcr battle than the assault 01 Cherbourg was likely to develop as Montgomery makes his bid t break out into the open countrj Tiie captured 49 year old Gci Schleiben who directed its de fense was one of the Germai heroes of the Ore fighting in 194 on the Russian front where h commanded a field division The fall of the port came al most 4 years to the day sine Adolf Hitler surveying a defeat ed France proclaimed thc wa in the west is finished In its closing phases the cai ture ol Cherbourg was a blood grenade and bayonet business b cleanup squads which movec through smoky streets wiping o pillboxes and strong points Vo Schlieben ignored a 2nd call surrender Monday and the las ditch defenders DIED BY TI HUNDREDS in the final hours their fanatical fight One of the richest prizes in E rope CUcrbovirgs outer barb alone covers 1250 acres ol wat and will hold more than 100 of the largest merchant ships This transAtlantic terminus provides a safe anchorage even in the roughest weather It was said ai supreme head quarters that the Germans have been unalile to damage its great breakwaters effectively although they have done extensive damage to the docks NAZI FORWARD WALL APPEARS TO BE FALLING 4 Powerful Russian Armies Are Advancing Along 250 Mile Front BULLETIN London UP Premier Josef Stalin announced Tuesday that he red army had captured Orsha rastion of the German defenses in White Russia Moscow one of the nost terrific air assaults the war Germanys White Russian forward wall formed by the Orsha Mogilev and Bobruisk REPUBLICAN CONVENTION here is a general view of the conven tion floor and the balconies in the Chicago stadium as the 23rd republican convention opened Speakers platform is in lower right delegates for Dewey stood at735 for Dewey 576 of those being pledged outright with only 529 needed to nominate For other candidates the totals were Plgtl Clind Governor Bricker 80 10 Lt Comdr Harold E Stassen 35 Gov Willis of Ken tucky 22 Gen Douglas Mac Arthur 1 Unpledged and unclaimed Delegate total Slassens supporters Total 90 22 173 1057 said his to be followed Tuesday night after 9 p m by addresses by former President Herbert Hoover TarilE is viewed as an and Mrs Clare Boothe Luce Con ment to prevent dumping of com petitive farm products from abroad Crop insurance is viewed as something that can be estab lished on a sound selfsustaining basis Intensified development or rural roads rural electrification and steps to reduce tenancy re ceive indorsement in the platform it is understood and there is a recommendation that programs having to do with soil forest water and be administered at state and reg ional levels rather than at federal dictation necticut congresswoman Going into the jammed second day of the parlys 23rd conven tion I Wendell L the 1910 nominee issued a statement in New York criticizing the proposed peace plank in the partys plat form declaring its net result would be no international organ ization for the suppression Loss Caused by Fire in Minneapolis Minneapolis Tues day estimated their loss at 550000 in a fire which swept the plant of the Kosco Manufacturing com pany builders of road machinery for the army Monday night The long single story frame building in which the plant was housed was virtually destroyed but most of the damage was to expensive equipment BARBERS FOLLOW LEAD Des Moines the earlier lead of the Hetail Merch ants Bureau the Journeymen Barbers union decided Monday to close all Des Moines barber shops from Saturday night to Wednes day morning in observance ot the July 4 holiday The retail bureau agreed to those closing dates for city stores Buy War Bonds and Savings Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy aggression Willkies plaint was shrugged off by most plat form drafters but a group of gov ernors suggested that the plank be patterned after Deweys pub lic utterances which include a recent declaration in favor w o r 1 d organization employing military force to secure the peace 2 The name of Gov John W Bricker was heard in vice presi dential speculation but the Bricker from dropping out of the presidential called a caucus amid expressions of new hope that some state dele gations might split over what they termed pressure tactics by Dewey leaders 3 Rumors spread that Gover nor Dewey might fly here Wed nesday to accept the nomination it the delegates carry out advance notices and overwhelmingly choose him for president that day Dewey people made no secret of their efforts for an early decision but the best guess is the conven tion will run through Thursday If Dewey flys hell duplicate President Roosevelts Albanyto Chicago flight of 1932 Thats one reason hes more likely to arrive by train about 9 a m Thursday 4 Directors of the American so ciety of newspaper editors urged both major parties to adopt planks on the issue of a free press and unrestricted world news trans mission facilities The total of pledged and claimed name positively would not be withdrawn Kentucky arranged a caucus to decide whether to stick by its plan to give Willis one favorite son vote and then boost him for second place on the ticket Dewey it was learned has been indirectly in touch with Warren ever since the Californians ar rival here Sunday Warren told reporters Sunday he had talked with Dewey himself by telephone a few days earlier Warrens reluctance lo say he would lake the vice presidential nomination if offered it had been attributed to some to a desire to avoid taking a stand prior to his appearance before the convention Monday night as its keynoter But following his downthe line denunciation of the new deal punctuated by cheers at many points he told a reporter he had nothing to add lo his previous stand that he simply was not a candidate for anything here Warren received perhaps his biggest hand many delegates ris ing lo cheer his words when af ter reviewing republican election victories in slate governor and HOOVER ARRIVES IN CHICAGO Declares GOP Platform Is in Right Direction Chicago Presi dent Herbert Hoover arriving to attend the republican convention said Tuesday the republican plat form so far as I have seen it is in the right direction and ad mitted he had been in contact with the leading candidate for the republican n o m i n a ti on Gov Thomas E Dewey of New York Hoover said he belfeved the re publican convention had devel oped very good prospects as to platform and possible candidates for the November election He re fused lo comment however Wendell L Willkies attack on the proposed foreign policy plank o the republican platform Asked if he had been in com munication with Gov Dewey Hoover replied Naturally Hoover said lie thought the key note address delivered by Gov Earl Warren of California Mondaj night was a great speech Asked whether he was satisfiei with the platform and possibl candidates to the extent of sup porting them in the election h congress races he said In Washington where the bureaucrats live theres a demo crat in the white house Out where the people live republicans hold sway miled and said I think that is a latural assumption We are going to stay in the ight he added Hoover said he planned to re nain in Chicago for several days fter addressing the G O P con Tuesday night It is impossible to block either the outer or inner harbors with r sunken siiips as they are too wide ancj Berlin radio declared Tuesday morning that the heaviest explo sions indicated the destruction of the harbor which was initialed some days ago according to plan had been continued The German controlled Vichy radio declared Tuesday morning that it has been estimated it will take the allies at least 3 weeks to repair the port after the destruc tion wrought by the Waiting in the English channel for the port to fall was an enor mous salvage convoy with ever3f bulge appeared lo be collapsing Tuesday with the entire salient of more than 100 miles in im mediate danger Red air fleets from 4 fronts were ceaselessly attacking enemy reserves tank formations and forward positions and hitting at bridges and communications be hind the enemys tottering lines On the ground 4 powerful red armies advancing along a 250 mile front began converging on the Minsk gateway to Warsaw and Hitlers reich The Germans were fighting savagely to hold the great bulge but it appeared a hopeless task Despite this stubborn resistance the red army was closing in rapidly on the 3 bulge cities Units were already in the outskirts and outlying sectors of both Orsha and Mogilev battering at a deep sys tem of trenches and concrete for tifications A CBS broadcast from Mos cow said that Orsha next most important south oE fallen Vitebsk was aSeidy surrounded with all means ot escape cut off lo theGermans The great air role is being di Montgomery already had BEGUN THE 3RD PHASE that ol engag ing the full strength of the Ger man army and defeating its stra tegic reserves Tuesdays allied communique was issued about 4 hours after supreme headquarters had given the first official word of the cap ture of Cherbourg with the terse announcement Flash Cher bourg fallen A short time later came this special communique Cherbourg was liberated by allied troops Monday night Thus after 5 days of furious type of equipment ready lo rush 3 Nisei Sentenced or Draft Violations Cheyenne UR Sixty hree JapaneseAmerican resi dents ol the Heart Mountain Wyo relocation center Tuesday were under 3year prison sen ences for violation the selec ive service act In a mass trial oefore Federal Judge T Bloke Kennedy the Nisei former resi dents of the west coast were found guilty of failure to report for preinduction physical exam inations The defendants had claimed clarification of citizenship is an issue in the case but Judge Kennedy held that their classifi cation as 1A established their citizenship beyond question RELEASE MOKE PARASITES Des Moines IP The second fighting Lt Gcu Omar N Brad leys forces had won for the allies Frances 3rd most important port great gateway through which to pour vast armies and hucc i iiuantitics or war machinery is complete the liberation of France anil the conquest of Germany Although the last resistance in the battered port ended Monday night several pockels of Germans still were holding out Tuesday in the peninsula itself One of these held Maupertus airfield 5 miles east of the port while Ihe main remaining Ger man force was bottled up in Cap de la Hague at the northwest tip of the peninsula where Bradlcys men can deal with them at will The British were advancing under heavy cloud cover which robbed them of Ihe benefits of allied air superiority and in the face of stubborn resistance The attack was typical of Mont gomerys famous assaults Artil batch ot parasites which combal the corn borer will be released in lllt ul the slate Wednesday when 21000 I greatest laid down are turned loose in Clinton Scott Cedar and Linn counties Secre tary of Agriculture Harry Linn has announced lery was packed along the front 8 yards from wheel to wheel anc the thunderous barrage was the single seclor since the original landings Added to the land artillery was the terrific explosions of nava shells hurled more than 10 mile n and repair liie dock facilities ind remove any sunken ships Weather Report FORECAST lason City Partly cloudy and cooler Tuesday night and Wed nesday Strong winds diminish ing Tuesday night IOWA Partly cloudy and cooler Tuesday night and Wednesday Strong winds diminishing Thurs day and Wednesday Minnesota Partly cloudy south and mostly cloudy with occa sional light showers north por tion Tuesday night and Wednes day Cooler Tuesday night and Wednesday Fresh to strong winds diminishing slowly IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 91 Minimum Monday night 72 At 8 a m Tuesday 72 Rain 04 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 74 Policeman Finds Cash While Frisking Man Sells Him War Bond Seattle M A Hanson of the Seattle police force found SI200 in cash while frisking a middleaged man in custody for a draft card investigation The quick thinking sergeant promptly sold him a war bond Buy War Bonds and Savings Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy reeled by Col Gen Vershinin whose planes figured prominently in the capture of Sevastopol Gcu Timofcy Kruikin brilliant 33 ycur old commander ColGen Sergei I Rudcnko and LtGen N P Fapiviu Storinovik planes were blasting the enemys armored divisions incessantly shooting up trenches ami blockhouses in continuous sweeps over Orsha and Mogilev Constituting the northern arm of the great converging ground forces was Gen Ivan Bagramians first Baltic front which with 36 year old Gen Ivan Cherniakhov skys third White Russian front after taking Vitebsk pushed rap idly at the heels of the beaten Germans through the lakes swamps and forests of sparsely populated northern White Russia Gen Cherniakhovsky was pro moted fro m colonel general to general becoming the youngest general in the soviet union The threat from the immediate east was Gen G F Zakyarous second While Russian front cur rently clnsinc in on Mogilev and Gen Konstantin Rokossovskys first front driving through the valley lands of the Drut and Ber ezina rivers upon Bobruisk one third of the way between liber ated Zhlobin and Minsk Red Star Correspondent Pavel Pavclenko the first newsman lo enter liberated Vitebsk rcporlcd the roads were thronged wilh re turning residents The correspon dent said the Germans had evacu ated the civilians southward westward and northwestward but the sudden blows of the Russians interrupted their plans and they abandoned thousands of women children and old people There was much damage in Vi tebsk but it was not destroyed The ancient cathedral of St Nich olas was reported destroyed by the Germans Long lines of pris oners apparently crack troops well armed and well dressed poured eastward correspondent Abra ham Kobcn reported from a point B miles northeast of Mogilev that the Russians were breaching 5 de fense lines with 50 to 70 pill boxes and from 10 to 15 machine sun plalforms every half mile Each line was described as several miles deep Rert army units were well past the first line and ham mering the 2nd and 3rd the cor respondent said The offensive against the Finni was maintained without letup wilh more than a fourth of tha MurmanskLeningrad railway lib erated Izvcstia correspondent Nikolai Konovalov reported soviet shipping already under way on the Svir river He said a great amount of Finnish equipment is being seized particularly horses carts and trucks NEW CITIZENS TAKE OATH OF the first naturalization hearings ever held in the Mason City federal district court 13 North lowans became citizens of the United States Tuesday morning Pictured here are the newlynaturalized Americans just after the proceedings Judge Henry N Graven and Lee McNeeley clerk of court are in the center background Seated at the desk in the center is I H Floersch of Omaha the naturalization ex aminer Lock photo Kayenay engraving SEE STORY ON PAGE 3 IOWAX KILLS SELF Mt Ayr E J Walson said Tuesday J L Flouse 70 farmer committed suicide by taking a small gasoline washing machine motor into a closet with him and lying down beside il while the fumes overcame him ;