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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 27, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION MASON CITY THE BRIGHT THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVII ASSOCIATED PHES3 ANJTumi MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JUNE 27 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE Jungle Soil Is Not Good for Cereals EDITORS NOTE This ii a serifs ot articles wriden by W tarl Hall Mason City ii lob pGazelle managing tiltof In he course of t tour through South America as one Jarljof 13 ruesfs at the Carnezie indowmenl for International Peace Number 94 By W EARL HAUL ON THE S S BRAZIL OF PUERTO RICOlf JQU want t near a really good argument jus try to tell a soils expert that Soul America has a population potcn tial greater than that of Nort America Those of us who get our exei cise by looking at maps and jump ing at conclusions may easily de cide that becaui about 80 pe cent of t h ninety od million i South Aineric now live on relatively nar row c o a s t a strip it follow that the uiti mate popula t i 0 n roughl at least coul b e calculate by a proces of ratio to th unpopulated o W And here is where the soils experts like Dean Harlow Wal ster of North Dakota Slate col lege a member of our party takes the floor It is his gen eral contention that deficiencies in the soil particularly in the Jungle sections of South Ameri ca place some very definite limitations on the population which can be sustained over a long period at a decent level of living The primary fact pointed to by the midwestern dean oE agricul 7 lure is that most land in Soutt Americais uhsujtcdVlo cerea crops and livestock raising whic essential for the sustaining o dense populations A much large proportion the soil is suited fo tree cocoa rubbo and some kinds of by their nature call for less for titity and take less fertility on of the soil Much of Argentine and Uru guay and smaller parts of Chile Paraguay and southern Brazil ar notable exceptions to the rule hen set forth They are possessed o some really rich soil In the long long ago Soutl America may have been extreme ly fertile But extreme heat in thi equatorial zone in combination with the chemical action of ar over abundance of moisture ha had the effect of leaching the soil removing some chemical constitu ents which are indispensable for cereal crops such as wheat bar ley oats rye corn and the like Novices in the field might also conclude that because vegetation grows impenetrably dense in the tropical jungles the mere clear ing away of the existent growth would open the way to unlimited production of practically any crop one might wish to plant Here again however the soils experl comes along and slaps you down The truth fs that iunslc soil is not good It compares auitc closely with the less produe ive alluvial plains of United States such for example as those in the Carolinas There is loo much acid and there is a marked shortage of polash and calcium Physically oo as well as chemically it is not suited to any of the principal lifegiv ing crops And those sections of South America which ARE fertile have not been welltreated by man over the three hundred years of the continents agricultural his tory One abuse which leads to impoverishment when it is prac ticed for long is monoculture the specializing on a single crop drawing the same elements from the same soil year after year Another abuse is based on the plantation system under which the wealthy landowners have let the actual farming operations be handled by lowclass workers For a century or so it was slave labor later it was workers hired at bare subsistence wages From some points of view the American slave had a higher standard of life than the average peon laborer of today This condition has not been con ducive to fertility preservation for obvious reasons A rather typical diet among these peons is beans corn meal mandioca a native shrub bread coffee and meat With labor dirt cheap farm mechanization has not advanced very far except in Argentina and Uruguay Health services are not very impressive either among the starvationwage groups Strangely enough even in the hottest places Iherc is a deficiency of vitamin D And believe it or not the chief source of vitamin D is sunlight RUSSIANS FALL BACK IN NORTH B19 U S SKY MONSTER GETS INITIAL TESTING Bomber Worlds Largest Takes Off at Clover Field SANTA MONICA Cal Fifty tons of airplane the armys 53500000 E19 officially de scribed by the air corps as the worlds largest bomber started its maiden test flight Friday The sky monster took off at p m PST from Clover field here bound for March field Cal some 75 miles east Douglas Aircraft company which built it classes it as an 82 ton ship that being the maximum capacity weight fully loaded It fleiv Friday with seven men aboard in place of the ultimate crew of ten No guns were aboard and it carried less ban onefifth of its 11000 gal Ions fuel capacity Company statistics rale it as 41 tons weight empty Major Stanley M Umstead No I test pilot of the air corps from Wright Field Dayton Ohio wa at the controls of the craft whos wingspread is 212 feet fuselag 132 feet long and height from ground to rudder tip 42 feet Major Howard G Bunker als of Wright field is copilot an Mark Koogler of Wright field veteran crew chief for Maio Umstead is flight assistant Tlie takeoff was successful th aombers four 2000 horepowe motors pulling the big 82to plane into the air after n Ion takeoff run The plane has n range of 100 niles sufficient for the craft t fly across the Atlantic ocean will T load of bombs and return non top It could cany 28 tons o ombs on such a trip or used a i troop transport it would hav for 125 soldiers with ful equipment To achieve this range and litt ng power the plane has a wing spread of 212 feet Its length i 132 feet and its height 42 feet Th plane will carry 11000 gallons o gasoline more than the capacity of a full railroad tank car N Y Harbor Only Practice iv kj Claim Main Decision Won 3uy Equipment for Testing Large Scales DES MOINES Iowa Department of Agriculture soon vill be betterequipped to enforce aws governing large weighing cales such as those used in grain elevators and coal yards Secre ary Mark Thornburg announced nirchase of one 12ton and foui eventun trucks equipped with xlensive testing apparatus which vill enable the department to make more accurate checks of the vcighing devices Weather Report FORECAST IASON CITY Partly cloudy and continued warm Friday night and Saturday highest tempera ture Friday afternoon about 05 Saturday afternoon about 90 OWA Partly cloudy scattered Inundershowers south and west Friday night and Saturday cooler northwest Saturday IINNESOTA Partly cloudy thundcrshowers in southwest Friday night and extreme southwest Saturday no decided change in temperature IN MASON CITY SlobcGazetlc weather statistics Maximum Thursday 92 Minimum Thursday night 67 At 8 a m Friday Rain EAR AGO Maximum 77 Minimum 45 Precipitation Trace EXTENDED FORECAST weather forecast for the period from p m June 27 to p m CST July 2 Upper Mississippi valleyThe temperature will average near normal northern sections and above normal in Illinois and In diana fluctuating considerably one to shower activity Rain fall will average moderate to heavy fls a result of recurrent 88 inch So DAMAGE CAUSED BY LIGHTNING Firemen Get Calls During Storm Damage at Lake Is Reported Lightning struck twice in Mason City Thursday evening calling out the entire fire department from both the Central and South sta tions At oclock thn department was called to the Central Show Prinl 407413 Third street north east when lightning struck a con duit on a pole and followed into the building While the department was still jut the truck from the South sta tion was called into action when lightning struck a motor on a sign atop the canopy of the Cecil the ater 1G Washington avenue north west at 6 oclock The picture ad vertised was The Flame ot New Orleans Lightning also struck n tree in tie yard of the Mrs Kathleen M Clark home at 420 Pennsylvania avenue northeast Thursday night Lightning which hit a tree in the rear of the home ot Kay fowler state highway patrolman on North Third street in Clear Lake Thursday afternoon did some damage to the house but no inc was injured although Mrs fowler and a child were home at he time Part of the lop of the silo on the Mclntosh farm on the north shore occupied by Mr and Mrs Henry Marshall and a number ot large tree limbs in Clear Lake also were blown off in the storm At the Fowler home the lightning ore the bark off one side of the tree made a hole in the found ation of tlie house broke out a jarred the plaster bedroom near the vindow and oose in the irec Mrs Fred Funk Clear Lake suffered minor bruises and shock vhcn the right rear wheel of her car went off the paving and lipped in the mud throwing the car across the paving Mrs Funk vas traveling westward near the isn hatchery at the time but the car swung around until it was leaded back cast uprooted a 15 oot cottonwood tree hit the fence if the Lapincr cottage blew a ire and then turned over on its ide The car was badly damaged but Mrs Funk did not require medical attention During a second storm at Clear Lake Thursday evening a heavy vmd whipped across a narrow ection of the lake and highway 8 and blew down several large igns No extensive damage was eportcd 2 Bandits Who Admitted 30 Robberies Are Caught Captured in Montana After 2 of Possemen Die in Plane Crash NAMED BY U C T COLUMBUS Ohio I Wells of Council Bluffs Iowa vas named to the board of gov rnors of the United Commercial ravelcrs at the groups 54th nnual international convention ere He will serve a threeyear erm BROADUS Mont Iff Two men sought for a series of oil station robberies automobile thefts and kidnapings from io Washington were captured in the Powder river country of southeast Montana early after a manhunt during which two possemcn were killed in an airplane crash One of the men captured was suffering from a slight flesh wound in the shoulder inflict ed by Sheriff Claude Anderson who opened fire on them as they fled in an automobile stolen at Miles City Sheriff Anderson said the two men gave the names of Walter Weston 21 and Ralph Brum baugh IS and claimed they were from Missouri The possemen killed were Un dershcriff Ed ODonncll about 50 and Clem Spencer about 3i Their of several in a hunt for the lute Thursday near Bidclle Mont The fugitives s u r r o u n d c d Thursday on Ihe WBar ranch west of Broadus slipped through a posse of 150 men during the night An auto was stolen at the Fred Kue ranch The men were sighted in the car just after daybreak As officers pursued the pair abandoned the car and attempted to llee on foot After a mite chase they surrendered Sheriff Anderson quoted them as saying they had not eaten for days and had no more strength to resist to the Both were brought Broadus jail and underwent ques tioning by federal bureau of in vestigation agents before being transferred to Ihe Billings jail Sheriff Anderson had confessed at least 15 automobile thefts and 15 gasoline station robberies in eight states In DCS iMoines Chief R W Nebergall of the Iowa bureau of investigation said he believes the Montana fugitives are the men who held up the Hotel Savery in Iowas capital city and who also are wanted for filling station rob beries near Primghar Iowa at Algona Iowa and at Morgan Minn The automobile used in hose crimes later was found abandoned near Broadus Mont the chief said NAZIS STRIKE HEAVY BLOWS Believe Red Army Front Can Be Cracked Up Quickly by Attacks BERLIN sources that have received reliable mili tary information in the past re ported Friday that the nazi armed forces were incessantly striking heavy blows at soviet front and rear communications in beliel that the Red army front can be cracked up quickly Although the high command again merely promised to an nounce decisive results soon other sources were advised that the rapidity and the weight of the German panzer and luftwaffe thrusts had driven wedges deep into the main Red army front and broken communications of various divisions or corps with each other and with Moscow Usually reliable nazi quar ters reported that as a result of tremendous battles between massed panzer forces during the first five days of the war tlie bulk of the red armys tanks and motorized equip ment already had moreorless been put out of action leaving the soviet infantry alone In face the German mechanized onslaughts A propaganda company re porter permitted for the first time by German authorities to re veal the direction of a drive re ported hat a nazi Alpine division from Narvik vanced across already had ad the Finnish fron tier into the Kola peninsula ap parently with the objective of IS APPOINTED JUDGE DES MOINES Ted ford W Miles of Corydon was ap pointed by Gov George A Wilson Thursday as judge of the district court in the third judicial district of Iowa isolating or capturing the impor tant soviet Arctic port of Mur mansk which according to some foreign reports without confir mation in Berlin alrcadv is in German hands Some nnzi sources claimed that despite desperate resistance the Kussian army appeared to be fac ing a major catastrophe imofficial sources said lhat there was reason to believe that the German system of breaking up enemy communications was progressing favorably This progress it was claimed may be one reason why the Ger man high command is delaying official detailed reports on the eastern front campaign since a lengthy communique giving spe cific information might include important facts of which due to disrupted communications the Red army leaders are ignorant IOWAN IS ELECTED F07tT WAYNE Ind Rev Otto Erbe of Boone loxva was elected to the St Louis elec toral college at the 38th triennial convention of the Missouri Fvan geltcal Lutheran synod BRITISH SCORE Reds shoot Down Many Parachutists GERMAN USE OF Many SWEDISH LAND Worsening of English Relations to Finland Sweden Is Observed LONDON has pro tested Swedens announced de cision to permit German troops to cross her territory from Norway to Finland informed sources said Friday Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden was said to have delivered the protest to Swedish Minister Bjorn Guslaf Pritz when the lat ter called at the foreign office This reinforced a condemna tion of the Swedish position which the British minister in Stockholm was said tn have de livered to the Swedish foreign minister Thursday Diplomatic quarters foresaw a general worsening of Britains re lations with Sweden and Finland as a result of the Swedes giving the Germans the right of way and the Finnish presidents war dec laration In view of n statement issued in authoritative quarters Friday that there are all loo many signs that the Finnish govern ment is allowing itself to become the dupe of Germany the feel ing prevailed that diplomatic measures may be taken against the Finns An authoritative source de clared Friday that Sweden soon will be asked to join Hitlers new order in Europe The Finnish government this source said also is allowing it self to become the dupe of Ger many ind is slowly becoming disassociated from the democra cies Victor Mallet British minister in Stockholm was said to have voiced strong condemnation when advised of the Swedish governments decision in regard to the transit of nazi troops He informed the Swedish foreign minister that the decision would be received with strong disap proval in London Body of lowan Is Recovered From Pit HARPERS FERRY body of Clarence Thompson 39 of DCS Moines was recovered Thursday from a large gravel pit two miles north of here Thomp son drowned in the pit estimated to be 100 feet deep in places while swimming with his brother Lester Thompson and three other men in MOSCOW army au thorities reported Friday that Rus sia had beaten nazi parachute and fifth column methods gained the upper hand in a big tank battle protecting the road to the Ukraine city ot Kiev and joined heavv conflict with German mechanized units striking toward Minsk The most vital military opera tions were the twin Gorman thrusts 111 the direction of Minsk on the road to Moscow and to ward Luck which protects the route to Kiev The enemy driving from Poland sought to circle the Pripet marshes but encountered stubborn Russian resistance both sectors The righting siill was in ress on his central front but sig nificance was attached to i state ment by Col Mikhail Spirin thai every German parachutist landed behind the soviet lines had been killed and that efficient soviet methods had assured the defeat of both parachute and fifth coj umn methods which have been o great importance in German ad vances elsewhere The Germans have been landing a steady stream of scouts spies and sappers in an effort to re peat the parachute methods used m Holland Belgium and Crete Spirin told the newspaper tia Some of the parachutists were wearing Red army or soviet police uniforms the colonel charged but special soviet destruction bat talions aided by farmers set up guard at railroads bridges tele phone stations and elsewhere to cope with them Woman Unconscious 36 Hours Following Cedar Rapids Crash CEDAR RAPIDS Still un conscious nearly hours after the truck accident Wednesday night in which she and her hus band were seriously injured Mrs Claude A Ransom 30 of Water loo ous was renortecf in very seri condition at Mercy hospital iivitfJikiiL here Friday morning Mrs Ran som suffered a fractured skull Mr Ransom 33 trapped behind the wheel of his light panel truck after it had crashed into the rear of a semitrailer truck on No 30 14 miles west of here was semi conscious Friday morning and his condtion was reported as fair He suffered a fractured leg severe cuts and bruises Ransom is employed by the Continental Baking company of Waterloo whose truck he was driving at the time of the crash Nazis Gain in North GRMANYNV SOVIET FORCES STILL FIGHTING IN BUFFER AREA Russian Forces Retire to New Positions Under Cover of Nightfall BY THE ASSOCIATED TRESS Loss of panzerbattered posi tions on the roads to Riga and Minsk permitting in one sector x 120 mile German penetration nC Russias western frontier buffer WMie wasindicated in Friday nights Kremlin communique The retirement in the Siauliai and ViJna sectors of Lithuania and the Baranowicze sector of Poland was carried out Thursday niglit under the feiv hours of darkness and then the reel forces reformed for new military operations It appeared that the three sec lors had been liai on lie Baltic route to Kiga capital of soviclized Latvia and Vilna mid Baranowicze barriers in a pincers movement aimed at Minsk capital ot White Russia about 40Q miles southwest of Moscow Baranowicze deepest of the three within the occupied buffer zone is 120 miles from the near est German frontier ft is about 30 miles from the border of old Russia where the red army has older and stronger fortifications from which to fight Thus Germany pushed her eastern front deeper into Rus ami o from the Vilna a coiinler att Eavier the Russians had the Ukraini with Aiming Cfor jitnj AVLIS sian territory Friday according to Russian acknowledgement and German on her western front with the coming il luropcin darkness the RAF blasted at the invasion coast in the seventeenth consecutive night of raiding Informed German quarters displaying optimism mil home nut by any officially published details from the high commami declared thai thp main decision over soviet Russia already had ocen went in victories all alonK tlie 1000 mile active front The Russians acknowledged that tlioir forces had fallen back be fore n German mechanized thrut to new positions in defense of Vilna Lithuania and Baranowiczc occupied p p a r e n t ly fighting not in Russia proper but still in tlie occupied buffer zone The Russian forces withdrew during night said a Moscow communique and were effective ly reformed for new military op erations The depth of the retire ment was not given The VilnaBaranouic7n drive aimed at capture of Minsk capi tal of white Russia out of the western frontier region of old Itussia cost the Germans heavily m tanks pounded into twistcil ivrecktgi by planes nscrf as antitank artillery the Rus sians claimed Minsk is about 401 miles south west of Moscow The now familiar rumble ot ex ploding bombs rolled across thp English channel from the new RAF aisault on the invasion coast The nocturnal foray followed a one hour daylight raid on the Germanheld French coast in which Polish pilots were report eci authoritatively Io have rtes troyed three grounded Mcsser I schmitts Adolf Hitlers headquarters again had put off felling in de tail how the Russian campaign was going German troops proclaimed the nigh command from its field headquarter have been victori ous on all fronts aricf have made important gains which will h made known shortly 3f The M o s c o communique said red airmen opposing Ger man panzer columns in the pre cise manner that tlie luftwafff used in the low countries and France as aerial artillery had blasted mechanized invad ers aimed at Vilna Lithuania and Brody and Baranowieczc in Russianoccupied Poland Indications were that the Ger mans on the sixth day of their drive had not yet penetrated the secondary outer defenses oE the soviet union to reach the primary fortifications along the old fron tier The Russians still were fighfinc on soil which they had occupied as a buffer against just such a German offensive The Russians said Ihcir air force wrecked many a tank in ;