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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 26, 1942, Mason City, Iowa f A I NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTOTY AKO ARCHIVES C E S I A VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS LEASED WISES MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JUNE 2rTl94F 221 1300 PLANES RAID NAZIS Report Yanks Arrive in Egypt j BRITISH FORCES JaPs Thrown PREPARE STAND NEAR MATRUH Nazis Advance 100 Miles in 2 Days in Surge Across Desert BULLETINS SAN FRANCISCO Melbourne radio said Friday an American motorized division of 11000 men was reported to have arrived in Egypt The broadcast was recorded by the CBS listening station CAIRO Slates army bombers fourmotored Liberators attacked T o b r u k harbor Thursday night the RAF middle east command announced Friday By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Germany battered at home anexv by thousands of tons of British bombs struck furiously toward the riches of the middle east Fri day along two routes Southern Russia and North Africa amid in dicationsthat a great showdown battle for Egypt was imminent Cairo dispatches said the main force of Field Marshal Erwin Rommels mechanized armies climaxing a 100mile advance in two days now was confronting the British about 39 miles west of Matruh j British imperial headquarters previously had announced that axis vanguards advanced within 30 miles of Matruh Thursday night In the interim the main axis arrny surged forward dispatches said but so far had not yet col lided with the new British de fense lines The decisive battle was expected to start at any moment Latest reports said the heavy axis armored columns sup ported by mobile infantry were rumbling along a wide natural avenue about midway between the Mediterranean sea coast and a desert plateau rising 25 to 30 miles inland British armored patrols were reported to have scattered other axis light forces along the west ern rim of the qattara depres sion about 90 miles inside Egypt The main British forces were described as drawn up about 20 miles west of Matruh key railroad ISO miles west of Alexandria Dispatches from Cairo said Gen eral Rommel gambling on a swift knockout of the battered and weary British eighth army was throwing into action every ounce of his striking power This in cluded the German 21st and 15th armored divisions and a huge supporting mass of motorized in fantry In addition tlie axis chieftain was reported usinu newly cap lured British and United States built tanks hastily daubed with swastikas on their sides While the British declared their army was still a formidable battle f Into Panic by Raid on Tokio ANKARA eye witness to the United States air attack on Tokio last April 18 who was in a Tokio street when the raid oc curred said Friday the Japanese were thrown into panic and de pressed by the feeble defense The story was told by a national of a neutral country who has just arrived here The daylight raid he said was a complete surprise and shook the peoples confidence as the government had boasted that American planes would never be seen over the capital Tokios closely packed highly inflammable buildings were spared as the planes went on to bomb tar gets between the capital and Yoko hama and other important indus trial centers He said foreigners were not per mitted outside of Tokio to inspect the damage which he said appar ently was heavy I was on the street when the bombers came over he related Sirens sounded and red warning flags and balloons went up Many persons showed panic rushing for cover I heard no antiaircraft guns Japanese pursuit planes were outdistanced Some Japanese commented on the superiority of the American aircraft Japanese newspapermen questioned why the Japanese could not locate where the planes came from and intercept them re plied that theyflew too fast and too high The people insisted that Japan was going to win the war but I got the impression that they were very much afraid of the United States The press spoke of a long war and some people talked of it lasting 10 years The traveler was in Majnila when the Japanese entered the Philippine capital and went to Tokio from there by air ulti mately reaching Turkey by rail via Manchukuo and Russia Of his observations in the Philippines he said the invaders appeared nervous when they ent ered Manila and that there was considerable looting even of the customs house He said he lost trunks and books himself Within Manila he added he saw soldiers slap pedestrians for disregarding traffic lights and heard reports that the situation was much worse in the country NEARLY 4000Nazis PLANES TURNED OUT IN MONTH where there were lence and rape cases of vio force bolstered by fresh troops since the disastrous retreat across the Libyan desert dispatches in dicated that British hopes of n victory were pinned largely on geographical advantages Cairo military quarters said the first 48 hours of fighting before Matruh would probably determine whether Rommels longdrawn communication lines were tqual to he strain Gasoline and other sup plies for the axis mechanized forces must be hauled across 200 mles of desert from Rommels nearest base at Tobrulc and from Bengasi another 260 miles farther west More Than 1500 Tanks Produced in U S in Same Period WASHINGTON Roosevelt disclosed Friday tha Americas mighty war effort i the single month of May hai turned out nearly 4000 planes am more than 1500 tanks Releasing official war pro duction figures for the first time since Pearl Harbor the chief executive asserted in a statement that this country also turned out nearly 2000 ar tillery and antitank guns in May and these were exclusive of antiaircraft guns and those to be mounted in tanks The May output of machin guns exceeded 50000 weapons o all types including infantry air craft and antiaircraft If subma chine guns are added on the tola passes 100000 Mr Roosevelt released thes figures because he said they ar going to give the axis just th opposite of aid and comfort We are well on our way he declared towards achieving the rate of production which will bring us to our goals The last announced objective of the war production program told of in the presidents annua Congress Jast 1943 185000 120000 aircraft guns planes tanks in 1942 anc 55000 anti The chief executive in citin1 the May figures warned agains over confidence He said While these figures give you some idea of our production ac complishments this is no time foi the American people to get ove confident We cant rest on our oars We need more and more and we will make more and more And we must also remem ber that there are plenty of serious production problems some seri ous shortages in raw materials which are receiving the closest consideration of the govern ment and Industry The distribution the produc tion figures coincided with con tinuing AngloAmerican w a r strategy in which the white house said Russian officials and experts hac been playing a significant part Iowa Has Balance of HalfMillion Dollars in War Relief Fund DES MOINES wel fare officials disclosed that low goes into the new fiscal year Julv 1 with a balance of a halfmillion dollars in its relief fund to be added to the 104243 appropria tion of SI120000 from beer rev enue and SaOOOOO from sales anu income tax revenue for alleviat ing distress from wartime ceo nomic maladjustment ackdh on Murmansk Supply Line BULLETIN STOCKHOLM A Ger man offensive apparently has been launched from Finland against the Murmansk railroad main supply line for British and American war supplies to the red army the newspaper Afton bladet reported Friday from Berlin MOSCOW Against power ful red army resistance the Ger man offensive in the Ukraine de veloped Friday into a reinforced major drive to the east with the Russians being forced back slowly by sheer weight of troops and tanks past Kupyansk and the Oskol river Dispatches from the battle front said that after abandoning Kupyansk 60 miles southeast of Kharkov the Russians re pulsed a series of fierce assaults in which the Germans tried with tanks and planes to force a wedge into the defense line The Russians said that by fall ing back slowly they had been able to maintain a straight un broken front against the fury of the onslaught The Germans intensified their attacks Tass reported and de spite tremendous losses are press ing eastward Our units slowly retire offer ing strong resistance to the enemy In its account of the withdraws from Kupyansk where fighting was described as particularly heavy the news agency said The fascist command con centrated considerable forces here including several hundred tanks and a large number of aircraft and attacked almost incessantly Air combats were in progress continuously Enemy tanks re peatedly attempted to pierce our defenses and to strike at our trops from the rear Our troops repulsed the attacks and checked the enemy onslaught inen the German command began to rush up reserves Fresh infan try units tanks and air units were hurled into action This enabled the enemy further to increase his numerical superiority Our units were compelled to retreat A pitched battle devel oped at the approaches to Kup then in the it self Renting was prolonged and exceptionally heavy Despite the enemys considerable su periority our troops selflessly defended the town and the ap proaches to it and clunBfor a line8 CVery pol v the Kharkov regions and t in Sevasto The related push upon the in ner defenses of Sevastopol was Pictured here as still unavailing despite sacrifice of axis man povver at a rate of fiveforone aerial raiders loosing 1000 bombs a day and a steady shelling by the heaviest artillery Our troops beat off manv enemy attacks it was said HOCSlGHEST IIH6 YEARS Prices Break Through Resistance Areas in Check by Ceilings CHICAGO sold at he highest prices in 16 years Fri day breaking through resistance areas which had held the market n check after the office of price Administration placed ceilings on dressed pork Meat packers paid S1470 a lundred pounds for choice hogs a peak since September 1326 and 5 ents above the 1842 high estab ished in April All types gained rom 10 to 15 cents and the aver ge price moved up to about 1442 The market gained rom the fact that arrivals here nd at other major centers were nly moderate but the main timulatmg factor livestock men aid was the government lend easc purchasing program BREMEN GERMAN PORT HIT HARD BY RAF Russ Pin Torpedoing on Jap Sub By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Smouldering friction between Russia and Japan was anew Friday as Moscow fannec blunt challenged Tokios claim that a United States submarine had tor pedoed a soviet merchant ship the attack on Japanese underseas raider The soviet radio quoted sur vivors as saying that two Japa nese submarines surfaced im mediately after the 4761ton S S Anffarstroi was sunk 3Z miles off the Japanese coast on May I Japan had charged the sinking was an American attempt to create friction between the soviet union and Japan Obviously timed for provoking trouble This version does not coincide with the facts the Russian broadcast said Crewmen of a Russian freighter at Sydney Australia said they were attacked three times recent ly by a submarine believed to be Japanese Although formally hound by a neutrality and friendship pact Russia and Japan have several times warned each other against such provocative incidents which miffht lead to hostilities on a new front in the global war Meanwhile Japan sought to cover up the humiliating defeat in the battle of Midway by send ing a message to Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto commander in chief of tlie combined Japanese fleet lauding brilliant successes over a vast area of the eastern Pacific ocean since June 4 despite stormy weather V Tune 4 marked the start of he battle of Midway and the Japa nese thrust into the Aleutian islands oft Alaska A similar message was sent to the supreme commander of Japa nese ground forces in the eastern Pacific whose name was not dis closed The silence on the lattcrs identity was significant because the message evidently applied to the Japanese invasion of the Aleutians and it is Japans in variable rule to fcecp secret the names of commanders in spe cific zones until their operations are successful Chinese dispatches said Gen eralissimo Chiang KaiSheks armies had moved into position south of Nancheng in southeast Kiangsi province and were pre paring to assault the city Nancheng is the farthest point e Japanese have reached in a drive toward neighboring Fukien province Sharp fighting also raged near Lishui the site of Chinas best emaining air base in Chekiang province Buy war savings bonds and tamps from your GlobeGazette arricr boy i Canadian Ship Safe in Port After Beina O Attacked by Jap Sub OTTAWA MVThe Canadian navy announced Friday that a Canadianbuilt merchat ship had been brought safely to a west coast Canadian port after a de termined attack by a Japancs submarinc Garrett Once Ambassador to Italy Dies at Baltimore Career Diplomat Had Been in Failing Health for Year BALTIMORE W Garrett United States ambassador to Italy from 1920 to 1933 died early Friday at his home in su burban Baltimore Garrett who was 70 last month had been in failing health for a year He was the grandson of John W Garrett one of the origin al backers of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad and one of its early presidents A career diplomat of independ ent means Garrett served var iously as secretary to the embas sies in the Hague Berlin and Koine and as minister to Vene zuela Argentina and Holland He served as chairman of a commission which negotiated an agreement betsveen the United States and Germany 011 treatment of prisoners of the World JOHN W GARKETT Rommel in Search of Fast Victory By DE WITT MACKENZIE Wide World War Analyst The fate of Egypt and the broader interlocking issue of con trol of the allimportant middle east is being written by now in the hot sands of the desert be fore the British coastal stronghold ot Mntruh which guards the ap proach to the mighty base of Alex andria and the Suez canal Nazi marshal racing eastward against time in an ef fort to rap the defeated Brit ish eighth army before it lias a chance to reorganize contacted tlie enemy covering forces 30 miles west of Matruh Friday morning presaging a quick join ing of the main battle We should know soon whether General Kitchic has had sufficient time to rcalifrn his weary forces after their retreat and to move into his defensive line the reinforce ments which reportedly arc ar riving It is a momentous hour British Premier Churchill is quoted as laving said Thursday in Washing on that Britain would hold and hat there was no danger of losing and Suez One takes the iberty of assuming that the prime minister didnt mean literally that he danger didnt exist but that ie expected it to be overcome Cerainly Ritchies position he fortified and wellserviced base of Matruh is far better than t would have been had he tried o make a stand at the Egyptian order Rommel on the othcr land suffers the disadvantage of greatly extended and highly vul nerable communications enemy but one of the most brilliant command ers this war has affain has dared greatly in his laetics Tlie major portion of his army undoubtedly was fauced out from lonjr and steady fishl 1115 in the Libyan blast furnace His mechanical equipment bad ly needed overhauling Yet in order to deprive his enemy of time for recovery he took after Kitchic and his eighth army at full speed Exhibiting one of his outstand ng characteristics Rommel has chosen the short cut to contact the oe Much depends those long communications of Rommels Someway he must keep them open as he goes into this crucial battle Here is where the opposing air forces presumably will cuter the picture in a big way Already American and British warjjtanes have been blasting at Bengasi chief German port for supplies on the military highway and they also must be bombing nazi supply lines One would expect too that Hitler would flinp heavy air re inforcements into thft enpnKc ment anil may even move fresh troops to Rommels assistance by air While the battle for Egypt ap proaches a climax Hitlers great correlated offensive in the Khar kov sector continues to increase in intensity A particularly fierce fight has developed sixty miles southeast of Kharkov where the Germans forced the reds back and captured the railway junction of Kupyansk The object of the nazio is to gain control of communica tions in the important Donets basin which would be a heavy blow to the Russians RATIONING OF GAS PROPOSED WASHINGTON Tempor ary rationing of gasoline and fuel oil in western New York state western Pennsylvania Ohio In diana Illinois Michigan and such other midwest states as may be necessary to provide absolute ly essential petroleum for the east was proposed to the govern ment Friday at a conference of a committee of eastern mayors Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Showers and thunder storms and somewhat warmer Friday night and Saturday fore noon MINNESOTA Showers south and occasional light rain or drizzle north Somewhat warmer west portion Friday night and Satur day forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figure Maximum Thursday 54 Minimum in night flfi At 8 a m Friday sa Precipitation 02 YEAH AGO lUaximum in Minimum 59 BREMEN MAIN RAF TARGET IN MASS ATTACK Sub Works Plane Factories Shipyards Damaged in Attack BULLETIN A SOUTHEAST ENGLISH POUT Air Force squadrons twice swept across the channel and attacked axis targets Friday renewing day light raids on northern France By JOE ALEX MORRIS United Press Foreign Editor The Royal Air Force smashed at tlic German war center of Bremen with per haps 1300 airplanes in the greatest raid in history early Friday to offset new axis gains on the Russian front and a 110mile thrust into Egypt Roaring fires were start ed by British 1480pound bombs aimed at the sub marine works the Focke wulf airplane factories the shipyards and the oil re fineries of Bremen by RAF devastation raiders who lost 52 of their own air craft in the nights opera tions The British raiders were described officially as num beringmore than 1000 but their losses indicated a con siderably greater force than the 1030 planes that wrecked Cologne with loss of 44 craft or the 1038 that attacked Essen with loss of 35 planes The British onslaught hit the German air dromes and supply bases in Hol land Belgium and other occupied areas in addition to the city of Bremen had a population of some 350000 V The now aerial blow was de signed to wreck one of the most important war centers in Ger many in line with the allied mas ter plan lor sending a nightly average of 1000 bombers against the enemy this summer An authoritative state ment pending a formal air min istry communitiue said Last nifhl very large forces of planes were in operation drawn from all home operational commands of the Royal Air Force The main objective of a bomb ing force of over 1000 planes was Bremen A totil of 52 planes from all commands arc missing It indicated lhat Hit actual force of planes engaged including those of the coastal commands was well over 1300 because wellinformed quarters understood that the percentage loss was under 4 per cent The air ministrys first com munique announcing that despite heavy clouds which made obser vations difficult plane crews had seen great fires in their target area made it certain that the Royal Air Force had made the greatest mid in its own and avia tions history Tl said the bombing force alone hich had Bremen as its main ob jective consisted of more than 1000 planes But in addition a second force of bombers and fighters disorgan ized Germanys defenses by at tacking intensively airdromes in Holland and Belgium in the path of the bombing fleet There were many combats between our bombers and enemy fighter in course of which some enemy planes were damaged or destroyed the com munique said Thus the Royal Air Force though it lost 52 planes struck a telling blow at the German nil force as ucll as its greatest blow of alt against enemy ground lar ge ts The air ministry communique said Lnst night very large forces of our aircraft drawn from all home and opcralionnl commands of the Royal Air Force were in operation The bombing force consisted of more than 1000 aircraft and its main objective was Bremen the enemys second largest port and one of its principal centers of submarine production Large fires were seen hut a considerable amount of heavy ;