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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 26, 1941, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY ARCHIVES MOINE3 A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ASSOdATBD PRESS THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Tfiey loo Are Americans Nazis Could EDITORS NOTE Ihii i anollKr a rlkles wrlllen by w Ktl HilL Mann city maaiihc editor In the course of m tour Jhronth Soolh America one or l jutslj of Ihe Orncile lndowratnt Inlermlional Peact Number 93 By W EARL HALL ON BOARD THE SS BRAZIL IN THE WEST ob servations and contacts in South brief and sketchy for a final judgment I want it 1o be convinced me that a Hitler victory in the present war would be followed by a rather quick and easy taking over of the economically attractive part of South America That there Is a nazi organi zation set up for that purpose in at least five principal nations is a fact which has been checked and doublechecked by members of our party And there is every reason for believing that a like condition prevails in all the others Furthermore this nazi setup is too much in the open to be referred to as a mere fifth column There is a suggestion of the clandestine in fifth columns but there is little that is subtle about the Hit ler movement in at least four of the five countries to which I have Argentina Chile and Colombia Compared with other racial groups Germans in South Ameri ca would not seem to be impor tant In Brazil for example it is only about 2 million out of 43 million In Argentina it is less than a quarter of a million out of 13 million in Chile about 90000 out 5 million and in the other iountries a still smaller per centage V But the story isnt told in comparative totals or percent aces The important fact is that the once a German always a German concept has been drilled into those of German blood even to Ihe second or third generation Germans in South America are fundamen tally goosesteppers They fol low their leader and they have been provided with leaders Under one name or another the nazis are organized both adults and youths Where they are not forcibly prohibited they drill with rifles and they Heil Hitler In some places it is known that a certain percentage of their earn ings is claimed as dues When permitted they work themselves into the lawmaking bodies The countries I have mentioned presumably the have an important press subsi dized directly from Berlin It fits itself to its peculiar situation In places where proBritish senti ment is too strong it adopts a highly nationalistic policy which enables it to assail both U S and Britain as iniqiiitous foreign ers Of late there has been a trend toward moderationin such nazi subsidized papers as El Pampero in Buenos Aires and for a most interesting reason The blockade off the Scandinavian sup ply of print paper and these sheets like all others are de pendent upon Canada and U S for their print Another agency favorable to the nazi cause is an infiltration of German sympathizers in the mili tary forces sometimes in the highest places German successes up to this time have made this approach rather easy Military men are naturally drawn to technics which work In industry in banking in the pulpit to some extent and in the schools the South Ameri can nazis have driven some im portant More than a few cases are known in which the services of German teachers in colleges have been made available without cost to the institutions No great imagina tion is needed to figure his one out Rosy pictures are painted in the propaganda in newspapers and nazioperated radios concerning the prosperity which will come to South America after Germany has won the war It is drummed in again and again that Germany needs the very items which South America in surplusage with Germanys manufactured products available in payment Loyalty to homeland is con spicuously lacking in South Ameri can Italians and I have found no evidence that the Japanese are a factor to be seriously considered But the Germans are really ready to move Im persuaded come dcr tag MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JUNE 26 1941 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE MAJON CITY THl IRIGHT SECTION QMS NO 222 REPORT NAZI BLITZ IS STALLED GERMANSADMH MIDER IS SUNK ININDIANOCEAN Auxiliary Cruiser Pinguin Victim of Attack by British BERLIN M The German high command acknowledged Thursday the loss of one of its surface raiders in an Indian ocean battle with a British cruiser but announced the return of the pocket battleship Admiral Scheer from a raiding cruise in the At lantic which netted 152000 tons of shipping The daily communique said that the auxiliary cruiser Pinguin which had been active in foreign waters against enemy merchant shipping was lost in the Indian ocean in a fight against the much superior heavy British cruiser Cornwall if The commander and Hie ma jority of the crew were killed after a heroic fight ihe com munique continued Some of the crew were captured by the enemy Lloyds register lists a German j steamer Pinguin of 983 tons built in 1907 home port Bremen The Cornwall is a 10000 ton cruiser carrying eight 8inch guns The communique said the 10000 ton Admiral Scheer commanded by Captain Krancke arrived at a German base after a long suc cessful cruise in the north and south Atlantic It credited her with the sinking of 86000 of her total of 152000 tons in the de struction of a single convoy Tile Admiral Scheer is a sis ter ship of the Admiral Graf Spec which was beaten by three British cruisers off the coast of Uruguay in December 1939 and later was scuttled off Montevideo A Hitler for England Mrs Bridget Hitler wife of Adolf Hitlers halfbrother Alois signed up at the British consulate in New York Citv as a volunteer British war relief worker She and her hus band formerly lived in England BULLETINS BERLIN Soviet Russian planes bombed Bucharest twice Thursday morning killing and wounding several civilians DNB official German news agency re ported ital from the Rumanian cap BERLIN troops driving steadily into soviet Rus sian territory have taken town after town in the Baltic area the official German news agen cy DNB said Thursday ix BERLIN British heavy cruiser a light cruiser and a tank er went sent to the bottom off the Libyan port of TnbruU by German warplancs on Tuesday informed sources reported Thurs day LONDON cir culated in London Thursday night that soviet Russia would be asked to subscribe to an interallied agreement against concluding a separate peace with Germany be fore the end of the war LONDON Moscow radio in an official statement charged Finland Thursday with flagrant violation of her treaty with soviet Russia under Ger man dictate and declared the red army and red fleet would strike heavy blows against Fin land to end such provocations BODY OF GIRL 10 RECOVERED Los Angeles CaL Victim of Drowning Tragedy at Coppock COPPOCK body of Virginia Spohn 10 of Los An geles Cal was recovered at a in Thursday from the Skunk river near here The child drowned Wednesday A wire stretched across a shallow part of the river stopped the body as it drifted downstream from the scene of the tragedy authorities said Burial will be in California The girl went wading with her cousin Jean Volger 13 and was swept under by the current She dragged down Jean but the latter grabbed a fishing pole in the hands of another cousin Wilma Arbogast 14 and was pulled to safety She and her parents Mr and Mrs Arnold Spohn and her three brothers had arrived Tuesday from Los Angeles to visit rela tives Coppock is IB miles southwest of Washington Iowa Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY AND WATERLOO cloudy Thursday night and Friday highest tempera TWODESMOINES MEN ARE KILLED Third Is Seriously Injured as Truck Crashes Into Train DES MOINES DCS Momes WPA workers were killed j and a third seriously injured at a m Thursday when a truck in which they were going to work crashed into the side of a Great I Western passenger train at Eas ton boulevard and East 20th street here The dead Dean S Affce 24 Moses R Binns 5 Charles Perry 53 was taken lo Broadlawns General hospital suf fering from head injuries rib fractures and shock SEEK FREEDOM FOR POLE ARMY 300000 Liberated Polish Prisoners Would Fight Nazis LONDON high ranking neutral source here said Thursday negotiations were under way in London to liberate 300000 Polish soldier prisoners in soviet Russia to fight against the Germans This source added that pro urcss was being made despite Russias original objection to tlic plan said to have been ad vanced first by the Poles The prisoners include many of some and skilled troops most of whom have had training with modern implements of war this source pointed out He said the Polish government in London was confident that if liberated the prisoners would turn their wholehearted effort on the nazis He said the soviet however was not entirely convinced that soldiers long interned in Russia might not prefer fighting the Germans under British com mand rather than Russia This he continued was the hitch of Ihe moment with the Russians trying to find some way for the Polish prisoners to reach other war theaters if it proves unworkable to have them fight under Russian command this source added is in no desperate need of manpower but she does need export and skilled commanders There arc many of these among the Polish The southbound train was en route from St Paul to Kansas City The struck the locomotive es empera omove ture Thursday afternoon about approximately 26 feet behind the 94 and Friday afternoon about IOWA Partly cloudy scattered tnundershowers Thursday night and Friday and north Friday cooler west MINNESOTA Partly cloudy scattered thundershowers Thursday night and Friday cooler Friday and northwest Thursday night IN MASON CITY Maximum Minimum in Night At 8 a m Thursday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation so 59 81 73 5R 16 engine pilot authorities said The vehicle was almost literally verized by the impact pul Agce said to have been driving is survived by his widow and two children W T Lynch of DCS Moines was the train engineer and K E Brig ham of Kansas City Mo was the conductor Pope Pius XII Will Give Talk on Sunday VATICAN CITY pius XII will deliver a radio broadcast Sunday in which he is expected sillalio ilris HOGS HIT S11 TOP IN CHICAGO CHICAGO prices hit n high of SI1 a hundred pounds in the livestock market Thursday peak for he past four years ns buyers bid eagerly for the small number of head arriving at the stockyards Thursdays gains of 15 to 25 cents a hundred pounds climaxed three weeks of almost steadily ris ing prices Livestock men said heavy government purchases of dressed pork and lard presumably for shipment abroad under the Icndlcase act were primarily re sponsible for one of the most per sistent upturns in history A report circulated in the trade Thursday that federal buying would be based entirely on re quirements of England rather than the behavior of the hog market The present average hog price of about 51065 is far above the objective set by the government when its pork buying program was announced in early April At the peak hogs reached the high of October 18 1937 In touching The STRIKERS DROP DEMANDS WILL RETURNTOJOBS Shipyards Workers Vote to End Last Major Defense Strike By UNITED PRESS Eight hundred AFL machinists abandoned strike demands Thurs day and promised to resume work Monday at San Francisco bay shipyards The strikers voted more than 5 to 1 Wednesday night to end the last major strike crippling national defense production Three hundred CIO machinists will decide Thursday night whether they should join the AFL unionists Return of the AFL members will affect more than twothirds of the 5500000000 in defense con tracts held by the bay area com panies The AFL machinists had struck at five plants and the CIO workers at six The AFL vote accepted the Pa cific coast master labor agreement providing an hourly wage of S112 and lime and a half for overtime TUe machinists had demanded SI15 and double lime for over time Only the Bethlehem Ship building company operator of the two largest plants at San Francisco had rejected the master agreement Bethlehem agreed Monday to accept the contract and paved the way for the strike settlement There originally were 1700 strikers at the 11 plants but 600 found employment at other shops offering the wage scale they de manded National AFL leaders de nounced the strike except at Bethlehem as a violation of the master agreement but the ma chinists insisted they were not parties to the pact Other AFL craftsmen were or dered back to work by their unions at nine of the shipyards They returned later to the Beth lehem plants at the request of the national defense mediation board pending negotiations on the Beth lehem contract The backtoworfc movement was only partially suc cessful however because the ma chinists were indispensable work men The strikers repeatedly re jected appeals to call off the strike and twice spurned pleas of President Hoosevelt Naval officials offered civil service status Tuesday to machinists who would work but few appli cants responded Members of the brotherhood of scientific instrument workers an independent union threatened to strike next Tuesday at the Spcrry Gyroscope companv Inc which manufactures bomb sights unless a new contract is completed by iliat dale The union claiming GOOO of the companys 9000 employes de manded a 2U per cent wage in crease and a union shop The company offered raises of five cents an hour to workers earning less than 65 cents and of 10 cents an hour to those earning more The defense mediation board asked 1500 members of the in t c r n a t i o nal woodworkers of America CIO who are still striking Pugct Sound re gon to return n work I also urged losRin operators and llic union to bcjrn negotiations or a permanent agreement and lo accept the temporary settle ment proposal of the board Of the oriffinal 12000 strikers 10 500 have resumed work A board panel recessed hearings late Wednesday on the dispute between two unions at the Coif as station of the Duqucsnc Light company Pittsburgh The board discovered the independent asso ciation employes union had no authority to act without consent o its general committee ant asked the 42 committee members to be present at another session Friday The utility workers organizing committee CIO had threatened to strike to enforce demands for recognition but postponed the walkout at the request of the NDMB Front Soldiers Test New Gas Mask DIICC LiiiLLur PANZER ARMIES ASCHECKMATE Two selectees at the armys ordnance replacement center at Aberdeen Proving Ground Md donned a new type training gas mask and plunged through billows tinown up by a smoke pot duringfield exercises Up Fight Hiisine me average hog price the uar against soviet Rus ago was about S985 and ago approximately wock i year V FARMER TS KILLED LEON Chambers 13 Wednesday when he fell backward from a truck runping board while returning home from a field where he had been shocking oats Reds Put Better Against Nazis By UNITED PRESS Reliable information on the GermanRussian war while in complete makes it appear that the Russians not fully prepared for an attack which came on com paratively short notice are putting up a better fight than even the British had at first expected On the fifth day of Hie Ger man attack there is no evidence to show that the nazi war ma chine has crashed through the Russian defenses with the speed it achieved in the western and Balkan campaigns It is far too early for even an attempt at appraisal Yet balancing the conflicting claims of the two sides it would seem that the Russians so far arc holding well along the Pruth river the German thrust into Rus a the Ukraine Likewise the sian air force obviously is a po factor despite heavy losses particularly ianlts and mobile units and of air strength Tin outcome of Hie war may lie dcciilcil Mere If Germany rail force a uuick Russian capitula tion she will be ready In concen trate against Britain and the cast ajrain It would need to be capitula tion however Unless Russia sur rendered Germany would be occupied interminably in mopping up that vast country or holding what she may hove won The longer Russia holds out the better off Britain will be The time clement is precious The tempo of American aid is likely to be increased day by day Britain is already taking every advantage she can of the casing ct German ailpressure and the diversion of German air strength to the cast The Royal Air Force apparently is throwing everything it can into day and night raids on German industry and communications and the Germanoccupied ports fiom which invasion would come Bri tain is not in a position to land nn expeditionary force in western Icnt admitted even by M o s c o w Europe but with her air arm she can do considerable damage to i Guarded German statements show that soviet planes are raiding German territory even beyond East Prussia ns well as Finland Poland and Rumania After five days of fighting the early pessimism shown in London has lessened although there still is no distinct op timism But the early reports that Germany planned to crusli Russia in tlircn weeks or a month are now discounted British observers believe Ihe Russians may be able lo hold out for months and that if they can hold the fort until autumn the German attack will have failed That is based on what seems to be the present showing of ihe Rus sians Continued losses of planes and pilots tanks and German de struction by air of meager Rus sian communications to the rear may change the picture There also is the factor of Ihe widely separated routes which the Ger mans can take into Russia and probably are trying to take Between the marshes and the mountains there are level stretches and passes over firm dry soil ideally suited to a German panzer drive across the steppes It will not be surprising if the Germans break through If they do it is but the preliminary to storming Russian defenses and positions deep into soviet territory The Russians if they continue fight ing with the spirit they now are showing ought to be able to fall back slowly over hundreds ol miles of defensible territory mak ing the German advance extremely difficult The Russians have the man pow er It is a question of equipment Moscow Charges That Finns Inspired by Nazis Broke Treaty BULLETIN HELSINKI Finland AP President U i s t Ryti broadcasting to the nation while Russian bombs rained down on the cities of Finland declared Thurs day night We shall right for the freedom of our country and for the creerf of our fathers By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS With Germany herself si lent on details of the Russian campaign reports from other quarters including the Rus sian indicated late Thursday that the offensive had been stalled on large sections of the 1000mile active line on the fifth day of the epic clash Reports reaching mili tary circles at Vichy in Germanconquered France indicated that the Germans had made no forward movement against the red army within the past 24 hours except in the thrust toward Vilna Lithuania The Vilna thrust was de scribed as the northern jaw of a pincers aimed at gouging a 10000 square mile pocket out of western Russia includ ing Moscow itself But this col umns counterpart trying to push northeast from Brest Lilovsfc was said to have been checked Russian reports were that all German pushes had been checked including the Vilnu offensive The red army was reported in Russian military dispatches Thursday to lie enveloping tltc thrusts of Germanys mechan ized armies and if ultimately successful the tactic will be the first checkmate ever found for the panzer infiltration By the Russian account masses of red troops thrown into the broach after passage of German tanks in their drive toward Vilna Lithuania reformed the front leaving the tanks to be disposed of in rear guard actions The French tried it a IHtle more than a year ago nnti it didnt work V x Russian forces were reported holding tight in Vilna sccloi and elsewhere along the 1 milc active battle front Russian LATVIA MOSCOW Sweden announced that it had agreed to permit passage of a German force of NOT more thnn one division across Is borders from Norway to Finland The latter coun iry was pounded by soviet bombs German reports indi cated that three giant nazi thrusts were stabbing into Rus sian crntorvout of East Prussia into the Baltic staL Horn Poland mo the red center and out Ru mania into Bessarabia ;