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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 26, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII F1VB CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JUNE 26 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 223 Platform Not Important Personalities Count in Election Says Stewart CHEER SPEECHES FOR ROOSEVELT By CHARLES P STEWART PHILADELPHIA C P every national convention there is a deal of talk concerning the platform of whichever party chances to be doing the convening In fact the platform never is oi much consequence Its framers take it seriously but no one else does The voters vote for candidates not on platforms They dont even read the platforms In a general way they think they know what the respective nominees stand for and thats all There has been no end of com plaint that President Roosevelts policy has differed utterly from the j platform he ran on in 1932 Not 1 in But Ill guarantee that not one elector in has more than the haziest idea what was in the demo crats 1932 platform At least that s my fix and as a newspaperman I have it on my conscience to keep myself better informed on such sub jects than the average individual I know roughly that the demo crats promised four years ago to be economical if they won and that the government has spent more money under the Roosevelt administration than ever it spent before However maybe the administra tion was as economical as was pos sible in the circumstances Convention pledges Anyway as a citizen Im concern ed rather with what each presiden tial rival will succeed in getting away with than in platform pledges Im not so unsophisticated as to assume that the victor up against realities will be able to do just what mob of screeching irresponsible Murphy Rests After His Fight for Farm Plank RULES RAILROAD LeagwHunts RETIREMENT ACT OF 1935 INVALID delegates has committed him to I dont believe that many voters are so unsophisticated either In short my notion is that plat forms mean no more than the mer est modicum and my guess is that that is the rankandfile of the vot ers judgment I think that they assess the men and the parties with small regard for the platforms Personalities Count For that matter Gov Alf M Landon already has signified that he has his fingers crossed on impor tant details of the republican plat form Folk who cast their ballots for him will cast them for HIM not for his platform Yes there arc clauses in the Cleveland platform that he refuses to indorse But Im convinced that the average voter doesnt under stand just what they arc If hes a Landonite he takes Landons word for it If hes pronew deal he doesnt investigate He doesnt vote for a policy he votes for a personality As yet its impossible to estimate how Landons personality will stack up against Roosevelts Appealing Radio Voice Roosevelt has a marvelously ap pealing radio voice Landons is rather squeaky However there are pictures also to be considered Landon has a lovely good as Roosevelts He also has a charmingly mid western American cases in the divorce courts no pinches for exceeding the speed limits There likewise is a religious ele ment to this fight which hasnt yet been taken considerably into consid eration Landon is a Evangelical It counts in this coun try Platforms Phooey The test D C Judge Says Act Companion Tax Both Unconstitutional Returns to Pasadena LONEROCK Helen Radig re turned to Pasadena Cal after spending the past three weeks here with relatives Milton Pettit of Cal ifornia has been here calling on old friends FORECAST IOWA Local thunderstorms Friday afternoon Or Friday night becoming generally fair Saturday not so warm Saturday and in west and north central portions Friday night slightly warmer Friday night in extreme south east portion MINNESOTA Generally fair Friday night and Saturday cool er in extreme south Friday night not so cool in eastcentral and along Lake Superior Saturday and along Lake Superior by early morning IN MASON CITY Weather figures for 24 hour per iod ending at 8 a Friday Maximum Thursday 92 Minimum In Night 65 At 8 A Friday 77 With a new high for S a Fri day started out with indications of establishing a new high temperature record for the summer WASHINGTON Justice Jennings Bailey of the District of Columbia supreme court Friday de clared the governments 1935 rail road retirement plan was uncon stitutional He ruled that both the rail pen sion law and its companion tax measure were inseperable parts of a single scheme unconstitutional under prior rulings oC the supreme court The ruling was made in a suit filed by class one railroads and other railway enterprises to prevent the legislation from becoming ef fective July 1 This injunction suit was brought by 131 first class carriers and 2S9 lesser enterprises They attacked both the retirement act and its companion revenue measure which sought to lay a per cent tax on rail wages and an equal levy on company payrolls Enacted Last Year Both of these statutes were en acted last year after the supreme court invalidated the 1934 retire ment law which included both tax and pension provisions The 1935 retirement was design ed to set up a permanent pension system for railway workers over 65 years old First annuity payments under it were scheduled to be made July 1 The revenue act authorized taxes for one year only It called for total contributions of from both railroads and employes The carriers were to make their first i quarterly payment of I on June 30 In hearings leading up to Fri days decision Jacob Aronson mem ber of a committee of railroad law yers contended the two laws were a thinly disguised substitute for the invalid 1934 He also ar gued that tax act violated the fifth amendment of the constitution by singling out a particular group of employers to bear an arbitrary and crushing Would Furnish Jobs Charles M Hay and Walter Pol lak special assistants to the attor ney general contended the retire ment plan would relieve the unem ployment and improve railway ef ficiency by removing older men from the service Prior to Fridays decision many lawyers had expressed belief that in declaring the 1934 railroad retire ment act unconstitutional the su preme court closed the door against all similar federal enactment In a dissenting opinion in that in stance concurred in by Justices Stone Brandeis and Cardozo Chief Justice Hughes said the gravest aspect of the majority ruling was that it denies to congress the power to pass any compulsory pen sion act for railroad Not at Liberty In that Hughes continued no matter how suitably limited a pension act for railroad employes might be still under this decision congress would not be at liberty to enact such a Justice Roberts in the supreme courts majority opinion on the 1934 law called it arbitrary in the last i j A pension plan thus imposed is in no proper sense a regulation of the activity of interstate transpor he said It is an attempt for social ends to impose by sheer fiat noncontractual incidents upon the relation of employer and em ploye Workers at French Naval Yards Strike and Hoist Red Flag PARIS shipyards workers declared a general strike at St Nazaire Friday hoisting red flags They stopped all work on new units for tie French navy and oc cupied the yards The strike movement involved employes and five the Loire the De Penhoet and the Loire St Dnis dockyards the St Nazaire foundries and the West Forges The strikers demanded immediate oav increases and a 40 hom1 week for Security By WADE WE1JNEK Associated Press Foreign Staff GENEVA of nations delegates confronted with proposed reversal of sanctions against Italy began a new search for collective security in the league council Fri day Groups of diplomatic representa lives in gloomy corridors expected two opposite decisions to emerge from the session 1 Suspension of economic and fi nancial penalties against Italy con demned as the aggressor in East Africa To Refuse Recognition 2 Refusal to recognize officially Italian annexation of Ethiopia ac complished after the occupation of Addis Ababa by the fascist military forces The spirit through the leagues new palace contrasted sharply from the militant attitude of last Oc tober when 50 nations approved ap plication of sanctions Then after the condemnation of the invasion in East Africa the league with only a few members disagreeing imposed for the first time its punitive measures de signed to compel a member state to abide by the decision of the whole Acknowledge Failure Friday those same delegates ac knowledged the failure of sanctions with Great Britain the former lead er heading the procession in the op posite direction Unconvinced of the conquest of his kingdom Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia journeyed to the meet ng He will ask his representatives declared for the addition applica tion of all measures providedin the At Atlantic City LOOK INSIDE MAX SCHMELING Germans Want Title Go for Max in Fatherland ON PAGE 9 Iowa War on Hoppers Waged on Two Fronts ON PAGE 2 Rites for Northwood Retired PastorHeld ON PAGE 16 Back of Whites Neck Shows Blood Pressure ON PAGE 5 SPENDS 3 DAYS MIDWEST VIEWS Utterback and Mitchell Praise Platform of Democrats Nominates President Roosevelt SENATOR LOUIS MUKPHY MORE BEER THAN WHISKY IN IOWA Drink 25 Times as Much of Foamy Liquid as Hard Liquor DES MOINES ers are more popular than cork screws in Iowa Official reports showed lowans drink 25 times as much beer as hard liquor andthey spend a lot more for their foam than for their whisky E F Rahm superintendent of the state beer tax department com piled the figures which showed lowans are a beerdrinking that is the lowans who drink 25 MilUon Gallons There were more than 25 mil lion gallons of beer sold in Iowa last said Rahm The exact figure is Figuring 128 ounces to the gallon and a dime for a 12 ounce glass it runs into money On that basis more than 25 mil lion dollars went into Iowa bar tenders tills for beer last year Thats at least 250 million glasses a hundred for every man woman and child in the Official audit figures of the liquor commissions business gave hard liquor the bopby prize lowans spent only at liquor stores last year for gallons States Total Bill The total liquor bill of the for all legal beer wine whisky brandy and then This handy sum when com pared with population figures shows a per capita liquor bill of around for every living human in Iowa during the 1935 calendar I year The reports showed beer not only far outdistanced liquor in sales but brought more money to the pub lic treasury than the liquor mono poly The liquor commission reported this years profit as The state beer board levied beer taxes totaling In addi tion state beer permits brought in Take Out Permits Besides said Rahm tav ern operators took out about class B permits at an average of each which would total 000 This revenue went to local governing and town councils and boards of supervisors So beer taxes and permits for the year totaled at least Liquor commission records broke down the gallons it sold during the year as follows Spirits gallons wine gallons malt beverages gallons and alcohol sold only to physicians and pharmacists under special permit gallons Dismisses Suit to Force Preference of Vets on Relief Jobs WASHINGTON Pey ton Gordon of the District of Co lumbia supreme court dismissed Friday an injunction suit which sought to compel the government to give war veterans and their wives or widows preference on all work relief projects In a brief opinion he said he fol lowed a recent decision of the third circuit court of appeals at Phila delphia Works progress administration officials hailed the dismissal as a major victory If the injunctiqn lad been granted it would Deen nationaJ in character By W EAliL HALL spend ing three days and sleepless nighti in labor to see that the middle western farm viewpoint was in eluded in the democratic nationa farm plank Senator Louis Murphy Iowas principal spokesman on the committee was at his hotel room in Atlantic City Friday 75 miles removed from the convention din getting caught up on his rest Dont be surprised if you don see me he told his Iowa convention associates after th party platform had been presented by Senator Wagner of New York and unanimously adopted by th delegates He was obviously a tirec man For a time during the fore noon Thursday the Iowa senate was none too optimistic about get ting into the farm plank a specifii enough statement of the middle western farm viewpoint but in the afternoon he came back to his dele gation with the announcement tha the farm plank is In the final he ob served the president himself anc his insistence on a square deal for agriculture is the democratic partys farm Swell Farm Judge Hubert Utterback newl chosen national committeeman thought that it embodied the prin ciples for which lowans in congres have been fighting Its a swel farm plank and an ably written platform Judge R F Mitchell retiring national commit teeman declared It makes the one drawn at Cleveland look pretty While a greater specificness on a point or two would have been pleas ing to Senator William McArthur of Cerro Gordo county long active in farm organization affairs ha as satisfied with the agricultural plank We had he observed to sell congress on the farm cause That we did with the McNary Haugen bill vetoed by the repub lican president Then we had to have a chief executive who was favorable to the cause This victory was won in the election of Frank lin D Roosevelt Our next step is a judiciary which will view the problems of agriculture in a friend ly light This I am confident lies ahead of Question to Recur How neatly the traditional two thirds rule was abrogated Thursday night by adoption of the permanent organization committfieg report brought in by Bennett Champ Clark of Missouri was a subject of much discussion among delegates Friday Prediction was made by many that the question would recur at the next convention of the party since every convention has full right to adopt its rules A number thought the noes exceeded the yeas in the vote on the question None was more pleased with the action than Gov Clyde L Herring who has been conducting a fight to this end since 1926 He believes that the unit rule should also be prohibited as a bar to free expression by delegates Judge Utterback was one of the lowans who boomed out a loud no when the question of adopting the Clark report came to vote As na tional committeeman he may be counted on to keep the question alive for 1940 convention action The socalled majority said the sixth district congressman has meant minority rule in the op position party Control by Bosses With the vote of the southern states at their command republican bosses have been able to control a convention by controlling three or four big eastern states Farm states have been pushed out into the cold r dont know why we should invite this disadvantage for the demo cratic party Abrogation of the rule of course will have no effect on this convention and Im hopeful that the issue will be seen in its true light before another convention rolls Thursday nights session was gen erally considered by the lowans as the most colorful yet held even though there was less of pageantry in the delegation section Hawkeyea were interested witnesses of the so called Al Smith riot in the gallery to their left E Mack ol Pooghkeepsie N former New York state supreme court justice nominated President Roosevelt for the presi dency at the democratic national convention in Philadelphia Mack a lifelong friend of the the president is among possibilities for the demo cratic gubernatorial nomination in New York SPEECH ON PAGE 2 Roosevelt Tears Up His Speech Writes New One Congratulations Sent Wagner on Way He Read Platform WASHINGTON JF President Roosevelt said Friday that he had destroyed the original draft of the renomination acceptance speech he will deliver Saturday night at Franklin field Philadelphia He decided that he did not like it and began drafting another version Laughing and telling stories for nearly half an hour at his press con ference the president said he had been up very late Thursday night working and that after midnight had telephoned Senator Wagner in Philadelphia to congratulate him on his speech before the democratic convention 100 Bills Left The president said he thought the senator read the platform beauti fully He observed that the white bouse law mill was running on three more than 100 bills still awaiting his attention Referring to the 10 bills which he has disap proved the president said his veto record was being fattened consider ably He revealed he would listen to good old John his old neighbor as the latter placed his name in nomination at Philadelphia As to his summer vacation the president said he expected to re main most of the time in Washing ton and that no long trips were be ing considered until the campaign was finished Speech to Be Short Mr Roosevelt will leave the cap tal late Saturday afternoon ar riving at the athletic field few minutes before Vice President Gar ner speaks and will go on to Hyde ark immediately after his own speech accepting the partys renom nation At the white house it was said he speech would be of fewer than words considerably shorter Jian convention addresses made by Senators Barkley and Robinson Lindbergh Carrell to Exhibit Heart COPENHAGEN Charles A Lindbergh and his coworker in science Dr Alexis Carrell Friday accepted an invitation to demon strate personally their artificial heart apparatus to the scientific congress meeting here Aug 10 Burglars Chisel Off Safe Dial Get ANAMOSA county fficers investigated the burglary i the Farmers Elevator company jffice at Martelle Thursday night when about was obtained by hiselins the dial off the safe KRASCHELSAYS IOWA GRATEFUL Lauds Roosevelt and Wallace in Address Seconding Nomination By SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT grati tude to Franklin D Roosevelt and to her own son Henry A Wallace secretary of agriculture for the courageous leadership that saved agricultural America from peas antry was voiced by Lieut Gov Nels Kraschel in an address sec onding the presidents nomination prepared by him for delivery Fri day In 1935 at the end of the longest and most destructive 12 years of government agriculture was at the lowest level in all American said the lowan Then he proceeded to detail the steps taken by the administration to restore hope to the hearts of Amricas The revalued dollar easier credit for farming war on worthless securities corn loans reforded federal land bank system crop control act and the drought relief program of the ad ministration were lauded in turn by the Hawkeye lieutenant gov ernor Much has been said about a bal anced budget in Mr Kraschel observed in closing Well theres another midwestern state with a balanced budget And it has no candidate for president but Franklin D Roosevelt That state is Iowa Iowa is gJad to attest that the beneficence of the Roosevelt pro gram was an important factor in balancing its budget Furthermore Iowa had no legal requirement as did Kansas to balance the budget each year We closed no schools nor did we suspend a single func tion of local government I repeat Iowas Arabs Wreck Train in Palestine Slay Engineer and Soldier JERUSALEM Off Arabs wrecked a train on the Jerusalem HaifaLydda railroad line Friday killing the engineer and a soldier A general fight between Arab at tackers and the military guard on the train immediately developed around the wreckage The first incomplete reports from the scene said it was believed the Arabs had suffered heavy casualties DEMOS PARADE FOR HOUR AFTER TALK BY MACK Seconding Speeches to Postpone Balloting to Evening PLATFORM TEXT ON PAGE 8 CONVENTION HALL PHILA DELPHIA tidal wave of oratory and acclaim swept Franklin D Roosevelt Friday toward his sec ond nomination for the Already enlisted under a party platform promising amendment of the constitution if necessary to meet nationaJ problems shouting ranks of democratic convention delegates joined in an hour long marching demonstration as Judge John E Mack of New York pres ented the name of Roosevelt formal ly for renomination The actual nominating vote was not expected until about 10 p m No other name was pres ented Over fifty governors and party leaders from every state lined up behind Judge Mack to second his tribute to the president as a friend of the Take Shots at Landon Both from the rostrum and in the howling Roosevelt demonstra tion on the floor the convention took shots at Gov Alt M Landon of Kansas the republican nominee A waving Kansas banner in the parade of celebrating delegates de rided the record of the Kansan on budget balancing attributing it mainly to federal relief funds While the flagwaving procewion went on and on amid showers of torn paper dropped by the galleries word came from Washington of the first republican rejoiner to the new deal platform adopted Thursday night John Hamilton the G 0 P chairman smilingly said he would like to know how many mental walkouts took place Only Walkout Hint But the only hint of a walkout here was in the South Carolina delegation when Senator Cotton Ed Smith said he would attend no more convention sessions because Negroes were being recognized He was absent Friday and his fellow delegates from South Carolina unanimously adopted a resolution pretesting against presence of Ne groes on the speakers platform Fridays enthusiasm far outdid in noise and color all previous out bursts at this convention Many of the careening marchers carried pic tures of Roosevelt and Garner topped with the words Four More Years other banners claimed this state and that hot for tie ticket still brilliant red and Roosevelt Friend of the Forgotten Several members of the presi dents immediate family looked OB smiling from a box on the speak ers platform Another young James Roosevelt his eldest son was carried about the hall on shoulders of Massachusetts dele gates The Roosevelt home county Dutchess of New York floated own Roosevelt standard above the heads of the milling mass of hu manity New Banners Produced Long before Mack could reach hit climax the delegates were bustling to go on another of those shouting stomping processions through the aisles New banners were produced announcing Albany 100 per cent for Roosevelt North Carolina Wants RooseveltGarner and the New Deal and other similar een timents Above the heads massed in the aisles these were waved in pic turesque contrast to the matterof fact scene last night when the pro new deal platform was adopted and the timeworn twothirds nom inating rule was abrogated without a murmur of debate At the start of the roll of states for nominations Alabama yielded to New York and the show was on Applause interrupted the black clad Mack now and again There was no slightest expectation that any other name would be presented Leads LongList Governor Bibb Graver of Alaba ma led off the long list of second iers which read like a miniature whos who of the party Some wide ly known women headed by Sen ator Hattie W Caraway of Arkan sas were right up there with the men To name a few Senator Alva Adams of Colorado Gov A B Happy Chandler of Kentucky and Atty Gen Homer Ciimminga While Mack slowly read his speech some of those on the floor exchanged ideas on the prospects for November Decision to allow numerous sec onding speeches including many by governors deferred until evening tie formality of an acclarofttory ballot Saturday afternoon comw ;