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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 25, 1962, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited far CITY GLOBE HOME EDITION VOL 102 news pope r PreM kod United Press International Full that mokes all North I o wans MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JUNE 25 1962 10c Paper of Two 117 One Mans oh A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO 1300 KWLC Deeorah 41219 WOI Amei 610 WTAD Quiney 930 WSUI Iowa Citj pm SUB pm Sun am Tuet pm Tburs am Smt With one hand tied behind us TN THEIR shortening ADVOCACY OF the standard 40 hour work week spokesmen for organized labor are concerned about two things 1 The increase of automation in industry 2 The unemployment that per sists even in socalled good times Curtailment of working tima is labors traditional answer to joblessness Practically all progress toward the 8hour day and 5day week was made in periods of economic distress It began with a 12hour day Labors attempt to shorten the number of working hours a day or week has critics in both in dustry and government The fact is however that progress toward a shorter work day and a shorter work week is a his tory of the labor movement it self In the early 19th century workers toiled from sunup to sundown The desire for lei sure to devote to family life education and self improvement inspired demands for a 10hour day This movement reached a peak in the 1830s From 6 to 6 with two hours off for meals became the rallying cry of the 10hour associations in large eastern cities Court kills prayer for public schools WASHINGTON AP The Su preme Court ruled Monday the of fering of a 22word daily prayer in New York states public schools violates the US Constitution Five parents with children in schools in New Hyde Park NY had questioned the practice was a violation of the principle of sep aration of church and state New York States Board of Re gents the governing body of the public school system recommend ed that this prayer be spoken in school opening exercises Almighty God we acknowledge our dependence upon thee and we beg thy blessings upon us Panicpeace share news in Algeria ALGIERS h a o s and panic threatened the west Algeri an capital of Oran Monday while peace was becoming more and more tangible in Algiers The European Secret Army Or ganization in Oran called on Euro Innocent on boat safety count TWOPIECE HOUSE ON the bay from San FranciscoArhe ak Spectators gather to watch the down room house will be restored to its turn hill progress of a twopiece San Fran ofthecentury grandeur in a new sub Cisco mansion on its way for a barge division in Belvedere trip to Belvedere Marin County across In iaW it took a strike to win the 10hour day for1 municipal employes in Philadelphia This soon became standard all over the city President Martin Van Buren issued an executive or der in 1840 limiting the work day to 10 hours on government projects Seven years later New Hampshire became the first to enact a 10hour lawv Other states followed The struggle for an 8hour day started with the extensive unemployment after our Civil War But efforts to get the 8 hour day through Congress and the legislatures had rough go ing Six states enacted 8hour laws but without exception they were meaningless Labor leaders disillusioned by this approach decided that organization and strikes were the weapons to be used The Federation of Organized Trades and Labor unions a predecessor of the AFL mobilized 340 000 workers throughout the country for a general strike on May 1 1886 This proved ineffective but organized labor continued to battle for the 8hour day In 1302 that goal was reached in the hard coal fields Threat of a nationwide strike brought rail road workers the 8hour day by federal legislation in 1916 By the end of the 1920s unions had achieved the 8hour day with Saturday a halfholiday On the eve of the great depres of the 1930s the average of production workers in manu facturing was down to 44 hours a week Because of the large number of imemployed legisla tion was proposed to limit em ployment to 6 hours a day am 5 days a week The Roosevelt administration opposed such a measure how ever and in 1938 procured the passage of the Fair Labor Standards Act This provided for a standard work week of 4 hours during the first year o its operation with further re duction to 42 and 40 hours in two years That act did not prohibit the longer work week but it did re quire that for hours worked in excess of the base there woulc be time and a half Labors first general approach Canada tightens her belt to shortening came in 1955 the 8hour day the year of th AFLCIO merger Leaders o the joint organization nfade a shorter work week through col lective bargaining or by Icgis lation an accepted goal of th united labor movement Recent weeks have wilncssci sharp upsurge of demands fo shorter working hours Thcs demands have notmet genera Turn 2 Please OTTAWA Monday gana belttightening emergen1 y austerity regime of widespread ariff increases and government conomy ordered by Prune Min ster John G Diefenbaker to bol ter the Canadian dollar Diefenbaker whose Progressive Conservative party was badly eakened in the general election ast sveek called on Canadians to upgort the new measures in a pirit of national He aid Canadas economy is funda mentally strong and sound He announced the program on Sunday to avoid market upheav als and emphasized that the meas ures would be temporary The prime minister said Canada las obtained more than billion n shortterm financial aid to Irengthen the nations dwindling oreign exchange reserves unti he other government measures have their effect Twothirds o hese loans and credits were made available by the UnitedStates He said the government is de erminedta defend the dollars exchange rate at the recently de valued level of 92A US cents In a related step the Bank ol Canada hiked its interest rate to 6 per cent a move apparently de signed toretain capital that re been going abroad for nvesiment The fluctuating rate was 517 per cent last week and 418 the week before In Washington US Treasury officials expressed satisfaction with Canadas dollarstrengthen ing moves even though one effee could betohurt the United States Canadas new tax increase on most imports willmake it more difficult for American goods t compete in the Canadian market thushampering US efforts I ease its own balance of payment problem through an increase in exports The special Canadian ta boost ranges from 5 per cent I 15 per cent The US balance of payments position could also suffer through Canadas efforts to provide a cli mate that invites foreign invest ment US investors already have poured more than billion into Canada and any more funds at tracted from the United States will increase the payment deficit Same Safety Department Black Flag Mean Traffic Death In Past 34 Mason City was one of doz ens of cities across Iowa hit by a widespread power failure early Monday afternoon which Dutch spot new in Guinea HOLLANDIA UPI Air Force Neptune fighter Dlanes strafed ireshly landed Indonesian paratroopers in the flat the grasslands Australian Guinea Monday according to military spokesmen here They said the pilots reported finding an estimated 200 In donesians concentrated in de fense positions north of the town of Merauke Discarded para chutes indicated that an Indone CLEAR sixman jury in Justice Jess Buttle mans Court late Monday morning found Harold Kaster innocent on a charge of allow ing a boat on Clear Lake with out a life preserver aboard Conservation officers on May 12 filed the charge against Kas ter after they found Ed Mul len 717 Pennsylvania SE on the lake in one of Kasters boats Kaster is owner and op era tor of Kasters Kove Ven tura Kaster had rented the boat to Mullen who appeared in the justice of the peace court as a witness for the state The boa did hot have alife preserve aboard Authorities in Clear Lake saic that to their knowledge this was the first time anyone had con tested a charge involving a vi olation of Iowas boat safety equipment law which went into 15 miles from adopted June 14 half of New Kaster in his defense con PARTLY CLOUDY scans to flee the city to avoid the vengeance of after the elfdetermination vote July 1 Thousands camped on the docks and at the airport waiting trans port to France Explosions and fires raged in he city damaging schools and public buildings throughout the day Firemen were giving up the ight against the desperate scorched earth campaign of the European extremists Authorities in Oran appealed to he population to remain calm but no one appeared to be paying any attention Peace was taking firm roots in Algiers where a week ago the se cret army abandoned its armed resistance to Algerias inevitable ndependehce No one however would predict the relationship between the Euro pean terrorist organization and the new Moslem state after the selfdetermination vote Iowa Fair to partly cloudy through Tuesday little tem perature change Lows Mon day night 55 o 60 Highs Tuesday outlook 80 to Partly Engineers evade air line WASHINGTON AP Striking flight engineers of Eastenv Air Lines passed up Monday a negoti ating session set up in New York by federal mediators but offered o talk in Washington instead Official pressure for settlement of that dispute and others like it juilt higher with talk in influential tie temperature change Wed nesday FiveDay Iowa Temperatures through Saturday will average near normal with only minor day to day changes Normal lows in the 60s Normal highs in the 80s Rainfall will aver age onefifth to onehalf inch in the north and onehalf to 80 of an inch in southern Iowa occurring as scattered show ers and thunderstorms during most of the week Minnesota Mostly fair through little temperature change Lows Monday night 46 to 54 northeast 52 to 62 south and west Highs Tues day 68 to 78 northeast 78 to 88 west and south Globe Gazette weather data up to 8 am Monday Maximum 85 Minimum 56 At 8 am 70 Sunrise Sunset V our parents our teachers and our country Justice Black wrote court majority opinion which declared We think that by using its pub lic school system to recitation of the regents prayer the State of New York has adopted practice wholly inconsistent with the establishment clause the US Constitution The first amendment to the con stitution commands that Con gress shall make no law respect ing an establishment of religion1 Justice Stewart wrote a dissent ing opinion which declared court has misapplied a great con stitutional Stewart added I cannot how an official religion is es Further lavished by letting those who cloudy litvvant to say a Prayer say it On the contrary I think that to deny the wish of these school children o join in reciting this prayeris to deny them the opportunity of sian drop Sunday included artil knocked radio and television lery and jeeps the pilots said stations off the air in this state a n d at least into Nebraska and Minnesota areas At pm with power restored there was still no information on the exact cause of the pow er loss Leslie G Hawkins of the Interstate Power Co said there was a major disturb ance in the electrical trans Dutch transport planes rushed more troops to the area in an effort to seal off Marauke from possible attack and Dutch war ships patrolled thecoastline to hwart possible Indonesian rein forcements I fear the new landings are a clear indication that President Sukarno prefers to solve the dis pute by fighting rather than negotiations said Gov Piet J Patteel Almost on sumption of the eye of a DutchIndonesian re mission system which tiesto gether power lines in a num ber of states The effects were fett particularly in Iowa Sophia Loren ordered tried on bigamy count Wl Rome judge Monday ordered actress Sophia Loren and film producer Carlojpecled to call on State Depart Ponti to stand trial on bigamylmcnt and TJN officials charges The specific charge against Pontiwas bigamy against Miss Loren concurrence in bigamy She had never been married be fore Instructing Judge Giulio Franco acting as a oneman tended Iowas law was unclear regarding responsibility for having safety equipment in rental boats He contended that he fulfilled his responsibility by posting signs concerning the law and by making the equip ment available to renters Kaster in his defense intro duced a copy of a State Con servation Commission policy adopted Juns 14 The commission requires now that rentalopefators make safe ty equipment available to boa renters that the rental oper ators in form boat renters of th laws requirements through posting of signs and that the rental operators have signed YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 82 45 GlobeGazelle Weather Data up to 8 am Sunday Maximum Minimum 88 54 quarters about possible legislation or compulsory arbitration The latter move was initiated by Chairman A S Mike Monroney DOkla4 of the Senate Aviation subcommittee He called Secre tary of Labor Arthur J Goldberg to his office for a discussion of what Monroney called jurisdic tional strikes on the air carriers There was no immediate com mitment from Goldberg but Mon roney said the secretary wanted to study the idea The dispute that has grounded Eastern since SaturdaV threatens to stop Pan American World Air ways and barely missed shutting down Trans World Airlines last week is jiirisclictional The big is Guard air arm hangars approved for two cities receipts itemized the required sue wno sna11 navc tho lniro eat in the cockpit when the air nes cut the crews on their big lanes from four men to three by equipment before leaves the doci also must include the vessel The receipts the number talks on the basis of the Ameri cansponsored compromise pro posal drafted by former US Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker the Indonesians resortedto mili tary measures Dutch diplomats in Washing ton and New York were ex art for ormal statements on the rc orted Indonesian landings The Dutch garrison at Mcr auke was alerted to repel pos sible attacks as soon as uni dentified aircraft were reported grand jury handed down the order in effect indicting the couple after a 22month inquiry No date was fixed for trial Italian actress and Ponti were married by proxy in Ciudad Juarez Mexico in September 1957 three years after Ponti received a Mexican divorce from his first wife Divorce is illegal in Italy and Italian courts do not recognize his Mexican divorce On the inside Editorials Page 4 Comics 6 Society News 89 Sports 1112 North Iowa News13 Latest Markets 14 Mason City News 1415 Clear Lake NewsU Only ihc Newspapc CZ5 ONLY THE NEWSPAPER respects your privacy You read just what you want to read when you want to read it And thats one good reason why more people read newspapers year than ever before last of passengers to be carried up to the assigned capacity of the vessel Under these circumstances the commission asserts the rental operator shall have met all of his responsibilities Lyle Van Camp chosen chief rodent COUNCIL BLUFFS W Lyle Van Camp of Mason City was elected imperial golden rodent o the Orderof Trench Rats a unit of the Disabled American Veter ans The Iowa Department of the DAV is holding its convention here Other officers named Fridaj night were Carl C Frey of Wa terloo silver rodent Franl Suchomel of Cedar Rapids Blue Rodent Art Sassamann of Ceda Falls black plague George An derson of Clear Lake iron claw Herb Sollazo of Council Bluffs holy rat chaplain William Tonal son of Kcokuk historian an Robert Craft of Waterloo ret eyed gnawer The DAV will elect slate off cers Sunday at the final busines session ombining the jobs of the ilot and the engineer third DBS MOINES for construction of hangars for the Iowa Army National Guards air arm at Waterloo and Davenport were approved Monday by the State Executive Council Adj Gen Junior Miller said the federal government would pay about 90 per centof the cost of the buildings to be occupied un der longterm leases by the Miller said Iowa got the 148th Transportation Battalion includ ing a fixedwing unit and a heli coptcr maintenance unit in 1D59 but has had no adequate housing facilities for them He said airport commissions in both Waterloo and Davenport have agreed to build the hangars sharing in the spiritual heritage of our nation Justice Douglas wrote an opin ion concurring with themajority Justices Frankfurter and took no part The courts vote thus was 61 Laos boss to France for wedding By ANTOINE YAREb VIENTIANE Laos Prince Souyanna Phouma de parted for Europe on Sunday leaving his dayold coalition re gime inthe hands of his half brother proCommunist Priricts Souphanouyong In effect Sou vanna told his kinsman not to rock the boat while ne Js gone Only a few hours after Souvan riasplane However a denunciationof the presence of US troops in nearbyThailand came from Minister Phoumi Vohgvichit a member of Souphariouvongs Tathet tion V Souvanna has refused to become excited about the dispatch of US troops to Thailand saying Iast month it was only a precaution ary measure But Vorigvichit as s e r t e d Washingtons a c t ion N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES to Formosa HONG KONG The first group of Chinese refugees being taken to Formosa by a Nationalist supported relief organization sailed Monday aboard the vessel Szechuen The number of refugees was estimated by reliable sources at between 65 and 70 1 Nixon man recovers LOS Licehstein a personal assistant to Republican gubernatorial nominee Rich ard M Nixon was reported recovering satisfactorily Monday from injuries suffered In a pistolwhipping by two thugs He underwent surgery Saturday to re lieve brain pressure suffered when one of the bandits hit him on the head with a pistol Study iron range Area Redevelopment Ad ministration has approved a study to de termine the feasibility of constructing a multimillion dollar iron ore processing plant on the Mesabi Range New Berlin talks LONDON Secretary of State Dean Rusk and British leaders have reached tentative understanding for a meeting with Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko in Geneva next month for new Berlin peace talks The announcement was nVade in London as Rusk completed a review of policy with British officials threatens the peace and neutral ity of Laos He claimed to speak for the regime The government of national union he told a news conference protests against the American troop landings in Thailand It was not known if Souvanna saw the ministers statement But an official report of a morning Cabinet session made no mention of US troops In Washington a State Depart ment spokesman saidSouvannas rip had been planned for some ime and the United States had been aware of his schedule No official concern was expressed about his absence so soon after formation of the coalition gov ernment The spokesman said would be no comment on Vong vichits troop protest at least not before a text of his remarks is available here It was noted how ever that the US position al ways has been that the forces are in Thailand at the request of the Thai government for the protec tion of Thailand not Laos Before leaving for Paris to at tend the wedding of a daughter Souvanna took two major steps The coalitions first Cabinet ses sion presided over by Souvanna proclaimed an immediate cease fire throughout Laos thus ending least on 22month old civil war which had kept their divided country in constant tur moil Red guard escapes from East Germany WEST BERLIN East German policeman fled across the border and turned himself in to West Berlin po lice during the night author ties seid Monday The 19year old policeman escaped in full uniform apparently unnoticed by his fellow Communist guards ;