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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 25, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for theHome MASON CITY THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH I 6 WANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LIX Associated Ircss and United Full Leosc Wires tScvcn Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JUNE 25 1953 This Paper Consists Two Ono 221 11000 Commies Hurl Vicious Assault What Has Been Accomplished in Conflict By JAMES MARLOW AVASH1NGTON MVSince the Ko rean War is three years old Thurs day this might seem a good time for appraising what has been gained or lost by the United States and United Nations on one side and the Communists on the other This country and its Allies in the UN have operated in the belief that in the struggle against Commu nism they must work collectively and that Communist expansion and aggression must be stopped From that viewpoint there can be no doubt the UNs getting into the war accomplished a number of things A It saved the Republic of Ko rea from being overwhelmed by Communist force B It was c supreme test of the UN itself Would it be simply a helpless and ineffective debating society or was it able and willing to take collective action against aggression The answer was that it would act C This undoubtedly stiffened the backs of many smaller countries which unable to match the might of Russia or Communist China might otherwise have yielded long before now to Communist pressure or direct attack D Judging from what has not happened the Communists were discouraged from committing simi lar aggressions elsewhere E Fear of what might come next drove the Western Allies into stepped up rearmament giving them a military defense at the end of the three years far greater than they had before Korea But there is a debit side which except for the lives lost does not appear on the ledger at the mo ment as very grave The costs of Korea and rearma ment put an economic strain on the Allies They developed inner tensions Seemingly lulled by Rus sias swrettak and Russias fail ure to make another aggressive move the Western Allies have slowed down their rearmament Some differences such as in dealing with Russia have begun to appear They began to display a great weariness of war As for the Chinese while they lost hundreds of thousands of men they used the war with Russias help to build an impressive mili tary machine which cannot but frighten their Asian neighbors The Russians stepped up their own arms production found the war a testing ground for weapons and at the same time lost some ground Western Europe which looked like a pushover anytime Russia Wanted to move before Korea is no longer a pushover or at least as quick a pushover Army Is Appalled Security Slip Shows in Revealing Secrets WASHINGTON security slip was show Ing Thursday with publication of recent testimony about military secrets by Army officials before a House appropri ations subcommittee Military secrets which popped into lie open included informa Civil Service Status of US Jobs Reviewed WASHINGTON Ifi President Eisenhower Thursday stripped civ il service protection from addition al thousands of federal jobs The President signed an execu tive order for a review of about 134000federal positions to deter mine which should no longer be under civil service It will be possible for the new Republican administration to put its own appointees into places tak en out from under civil service The machinery of thc moveis this 1 Eisenhowers order final and complete lays down general rales for determining what jobs are out from under civil service 2 The Civil Service Commission will now proceed to survey 134 000 jobs which may possibly come under Eisenhowers order and de termine which ones actually do Of the jobs to be surveyed G6 000 are in the United States and 68000 are overseas Chairman Philip Young of the Civil Service Commission said earlier this week it was impossible to say at that time just how many of the 134000 jobs would be af fected by the Eisenhower order but he left no doubt the total would be several thousand ELEANOR ARRIVES HONGKONG Eleanor Roosevelt arrived Thursday from Tokyo for a twoday visit BULLETIN WASHINGTON F e d e r a 1 Judge Alexander Holtzogg Thursday ordered the Air to return former Sgt Robert W Toth to this country from Korea where he had been taken to face murder charge before a court martial AP Wircphoto TO WED LM Bouvier of McLean Va will marry Sen John F Kennedy D Mais early in September She was 1W7 debutante and studied at Vassar For a time was by TimesHerald girl the Washington at an inquiring ion about 1 An entirely new weapons iarryingvehicle nicknamed The Thing but carrying the official designation Ontos o be used variously including as a mount Tor a new very highpowered recoilless rifle and for a quad ruple 50 caliber anti aircraft weapon against lowflying planes 2 A plan to provide much longer range for the 280milli meter cannon which now has a 20mile accurate range and fires iithcr atomic or conventional ihells and a new shell slightly imaller than the caliber of this giant cannon expected to extend its range by about 50 per cent 3 Extra light tanks two of which are under test of a type expected eventually to replace the 28ton AYalkec Bulldog tank 4 A lightweight radar for battle rront use apparently to help de ect enemy attempts at infiltra ion of the front line a technique much used by the Communists in he Korean War 5 A longrange radar IFF iden ification friend or foe which could mean the identification of aircraft Jong before they are with in range of antiaircraft guns or guided missiles 6 A folding portable bridge to be carried on top of a tank as a shelter for the crew while being put in place under enemy fire 7 A steam outboard motor for small boats to be used for quiet crossing of rivers when the noise oC gasoline outboard motors would warn the enemy Army officials expressed amaze ment and appeared appalled when copies of the 1667page printed testimony released by the subcom mittee reached the Pentagon Among the pages was informa tion on new weapons still stamped secret by the Pentagon The Army plugged hard for its atomic mony cannon during the testi Maj Gen Kenneth D Nichols chief of Army research and devel opment emphasized need for Army atomic capabilities on the battlefield with both the gun and guided missiles He asserted All the studies which we have made indicate that whether we can defend Europe with the manpower and number of divisions we are able to support may depend on this atomic capability Polish Captain to Live in Britain milted to live in Britain as a po lilicat refugee U Caplan leged prisoner He jumped hi of the Communist na lions merchant a Brit ish port last weekend Britain OE INS first test vote of Italys new Parliament Premier NOW FOUR D Taylor 8th Army com mander wears four stars on his lapel after confirmation as full general at headquarters in Seoul Drastic Action Ike Asks Rules Group to Bring Up Tax Bill WASHINGTON UP House Rules Committee was jailed into session Thursday in a lastditch effort to force a House vote on President Eisenhowers plea to extend the excess profits tax GOP leaders said they were confident hey had the vote in the Committee to take the drastic i rv Jury Dooms Women Killer Double Attack on Statute of Oleo Imprint DBS MOINES A double ourt attack was made Thursday on the imprint requirements of the new Iowa law which will legalize ale of colored oleomargarine in his state beginning July 4 Kent Products Inc of Kansas ity Mo attacked constitutional ly of the requirement that the vord oleo be imprinted four imes en each segment of col ored margarine sold in Iowa Retailers Suit A Des Moines retailer Don Skel on attacked attempts to hold anjone but the manufacturer re sponsible for its imprinting Petitions asking an injunction against the imprint provision o the oleolaw were filed in Polk County District Court arid a hear ing set for July 2 Hearst Duncan an attorney fo the oleo ca go on sale in Iowa after July regardless of the suits During legislative debate on tin imprint provision the point wa stressed by oleo forces lhat liea and handling might remove the Oleo imprint after it was made Given Notice Kent Products in its petition as serts that AtlyGcn Leo Hoegh has given notice that he with aid ol other law enforcement officers will prosecute retailers if colored oleomargarine is found on their shelves without the imprint Asked for comment Hoegh said ie had never givenany notice to retailers and he added We will enforce the law and all we will do is enforce the law almost unprecedented step of by passing Ihe rebellious House Ways and Means Committee which lias blockaded the administration measure Less Certain Some rules committee members however were less certain Rules Committee Chairman Al en RIil said Majority Leader Halleck RTnd would present the plea that the Rules Committee ake charge and order the excess profits bill to the floor Ways and Means Chairman Reed RNY was invited to appear be fore the open Rules Committee session and argue against the move to circumvent his commit tee TJ nte House Speaker Martin RMass Jan said had doubl the Rul The maneuver is a lastchance effort by the Eisenhower adminis tration to break a blockade against Bypass Group It would completely bypass the ways and means group one of the ii i itai wefKeiiu wnu wiic VJJL tut Dr Waclaw Tacklaeter medical oldest and proudest of congression officer aboard the Batory who ai committeeswhich traditionally made his escape just before the must start all tax bills in Congress captain did has already been Martin made his comment after granted permission to remain in separate interviews with Rules Committe members showed some opposition among both Republicans and Democrats to the rare drastic procedure The move seemed certain to stir BJH mill oLll Alcidede Gaspcris center governa fight over the procedure rivaling ment coalition easily elected its in tension and bitterness Ihe scrap candidates Thursday over the tax itself LONDON R Christie selfconfessed strangler seven women was convicted of murder Thursday and sentenced to die An Old Bailey jury of nine men and three women found the 55 yearold wartime policeman sane hus rejecting a defense plea tha he was mad as a March hare Christie was tried specifically only for murdering his 54yearold wife Ethel but frankly admitted strangling six other younger worn en in outbursts of sexual hysterii over a period of 10 years The jury deliberated an hour and 22 minutes The mildappearing former trans port clerk was convicted in a case that shocked the nation and wa described by the judge as horri ble and horrifying rAII The Weather Mason City Friday partly cloudy and cool Iowa Clearing and cooler Tburs day night Friday generally fair Minnesota Partly cloudy through Friday GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Thursday Maximum 86 Minimum At 8 am Precipitation SAME CBUck ftaK means raffle dcilli In past 21 hours AP Wircplioto AH Wircpliotc KAISER EXPLAINS J Kaiser right and his son Edgar tell newsmen at a conference in Wash ington that the Kaiser Company wants to relinquishany thing the government does not want him to do The confer ence followed an Air Force announcement that it had can celled 440 million dollars worth of aircraft contracts with the Kaiser firms Fast Germany Schedules Another Rally of Workers t BERLIN ffl Germanys vshaky Communist gov ernment Thursday scheduled another workers frally vin Eas BerlinV apparently hopefulthat careful organization anc Ike Envoy Ready for Rhee Parley Hope President Accepts Terms SEOUL Friday Reds loosed an 11000man on slaught on the Korean Front Fri day but were hurled back in the west where they threw in one divi sion on the northern approaches to Seoul There was wild handlohand lighting in the forward trenches in the western sector before South Korean defenders drove the Reds back from eight outpost positions Flares floodlighted the battlefield A 3000man Chinese Red force simultaneously hit the East Cen tral Front and at last reports still was engaged with South Korean infantry Fourth Year The attacks sent the Korea War roaring into its fourth year at a lime when the issue of more war or an armistice hung on crucial talks in Seoul The attacks breaking a day long lull Thursday on the wars third anniversary kicked off be hind violent artillery barrages The attacks boiled up both in the vest and on the East Central Front Confused reports said up to a division of Chinese Reds hit the vital Western Front Thursday night west OE Yonchon which is 40 miles north of Seoul A U S officer with the South Koreans said the Chinese attack J J 141 V11UV UXlVl Soviet steel would prevent this one from developinginto J1 W another open Party bosses called on work ers of the citys three big eastern boroughs Mitte Frcdrichshain and show their sup port at a mass demonstration Fri day for the regimes announced plans to make things better for the working class Approval for the gathering was jranted by Soviet Maj Gen P T Mbrova commander of the Red Army divisions which crushed the iolent June 17 rebellion following i similar Communistpermitted demonstration As the shaken Communists vheedled the workers with one land they threatened with the other by continued declarations hat ringleaders of thebloody up risings throughout the East zone iave been or will be severely pun shed The known executions in the ComrnunistrHled area have now reached 29 and one life sentence vas added to the toll Thursday Oirt Unbehauen df Gera was given his term at hard labor by a Ger nan court Arrests in Dres den 115 in Freital and 78 in Tha randt Northern Gas Seeking 20 Rate Boost OMAHA John Mer riam of the Northern Natural Gas Jo Omaha has announced his irm will file application with the federal Power Commission prob ably Saturday for another rate in crease averaging about 20 per cent Merriam said Tuesday the in crease to the firms 25 utility cus omers serving 23Q communities in Nebraska Iowa South Dakota Minnesota and Kansas would yield annually The money s sought to meet costs of North erns expansion program he said Merriam said the increase prob bly would go into effect next Jan lary if granted Mason City is supplied by the Northern GasCo through thePeo ples Gas and Electric Co was supported by an estimated 40000 rounds of artillery and mor tar fire Fighting still raged in the early morning hours Meantime President Eisenhow ers personal envoy meets Presi dent Syngman Rhee Friday in a lastditch effort to persuade him to accept a Korean armistice bufc Rhee showed no sign of yielding Demands Showdown The fiery oldSouth Korean lead er demanded a showdown with the Communists now to the cheers of thousands of rallying South Ko reans Thursday just before Walter S Robertson flew in on a hurried trip from Washington The US StateDepartments Far East chief told newsmen on hia arrival in Seoul that a split be tween South Korea and its allies now would mean victory only for the Communists He carried a se cret urgent message for Rhee As Robertson spoke the rubbled old South Korean capital still rung to tbe cheers of an estimated 500 000 Koreans who had heard Rhee demand Korean unity by by guns in a fight to the death Robertson was expected to meet Rhee athis hilltop home at am The United Nations Command hopes that at that meeting Rheo will agree to go along with an arm istice now and let a postarmistice conference try to work out unity for Korea with words not artil lery The message presumably is in tended to bring the balky 78year old President into line with a truce that was all but signed before ha stymied least by arbitrarily releasing 27000 an tiRed Korean prisoners Since then armistice h ope s have hung suspended between fears of what Rhee will do next and how the Reds will react Rhees speech came on the third anniversary of the Korean a day that only a week ago was expected by many to be Korean armistice day Unbending Dem end However Rhees release of the prisoners his unbending demand for agreed unification and his willingness to accept the truce agreement pushed an armistice somewhere into the future Rhee spoke defiantly from the battlescarred Capitol building in his aging scratchy voice Our hopes are almost gone he said referring to his own terms for truce There must be a showdown with the Communists now If we win it as we surely will Korea will be unified If not we will fight ori to crush the enemy until every one of us ANYTHING FOR A the pet eat of Mr and Mrs Otto RadSkfof M Kitchener Ontario is on very friendly terms with the familys pet duck such good 58 terms in fact that she takes over as an eggsitter when mother cluck goes for a swim in 139 a nearby pond EXTRA SHIFT r VIENNA Austria Prague announced ThursdayMhat 30 coal mines will work an extra shift next Sunday as a reply the murder of tbe ;