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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 25, 1951, Mason City, Iowa North Doily Newspaper CAM lor MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HIWSPAMI TNAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IQWANS N 11 6 H I 0 R HOME EDITION VOLLVI1 AtaoctoUd Fnw Full MASON CITY IOWA MONOAI JUNE 25 1951 Paper ol Two 221 One Mans Opinion A Badfe IT W EARL HALL Mwwfiitfl Uifor American Strategy Reveals Itself THEKS are those who are fully persuaded that Americas ship of state is adrift without pilot or rudder like a ship on a wind pond But this melancholy view doesnt seem to me to be quite warranted by the evidence and the testimony available to any openminded Not so long ago in the Atlantic Monthly there appeared an article of anonymous authorship which has been generally regarded as having emanated from somebody high up in the nations foreign policymaking quarters Once a like piece was traced to George Kennan of the state department perhaps our countrys foremost Student of the Russian mind Great significance was given to the Atlantic piece when it ap peared and that significance in creased as highup authorities in the defense and state departments presented their testimony before the senates foreign affairs com mittee The extent to which the Atlantic article tallied with the authoritative testimony couldnt have been mere coincidence Its Europe Over Asia The overall fact more obvious than expressed in so many words is that in the world struggle unto death with communism Europe i given primacy over i was in World war II And tha Isnt to say that Asia isnt im portant Of course it is But these things are true pei We could take over all of Asia and not ofultimate victory Ourreal fountainhead of would still be intact in Moscow And Moscow is in Europe With this as an unstated prem ise the anonymous writer in The While Diplomats To Ik of Peace Korean War Roars Into 2nd Year U S Ready for Real Settlement President Atlantic proceeds into an analysis of the world situation militarily and diplomatically and weighs the potentials of the rival philos ophies in what incontrovertibly has become 2 worlds not the 1 en visioned by Willkie Balance of Power Theory Down through the years even the centuries maintaining a bal ance of power in Europe was viewed by Great Britain as cus todian of the world peace as the onemost practicable way of keep Ing things on an even keel This was a factor in the 20th centurys 2 world wars With the end of World war II this balance of power theory was so drastically altered as to be scarcely recognizable Western Europe meaning Germany France the Lowland countries and all bul prostrate while Russia and Bri tain victors in the war were a the point of prostration This meant an area oJ vacuum between the Euopean ex tremities of what once had been a continent held together at least academically by this device known to diplomacy and the mili tary as balance of power this is a point brought out in the Atlantic piece balance of power concept was in a transitional stage It was being expanded to encompass the whole world The lineup has been Communist Russia vs the United States of America backedby such allies as both have been able to acquire Atomic Weapons Figured The writer in the Atlantic re calls that from 1945 until mid summer of 1949 the balance of power was preserved in 2 ways First the American monopoly in weapons and an air force capable of transporting them Sec ond a Russian ground army which enabled the communists to dominate Eurasia The 2 monopolies it was pointed out in each other out effect canceled because while neither could conquer the other each possessed the ability to in jure the other terribly And the amount of potential injury each could do was in conjecture equal Then in the summer of 1949 2 things happened to threaten the equilibrium One was what has been called the big bang in Russia meaning the explosion of an atomic bomb The other was the victory of communist armies In China It Awakened U S These 2 events had the effect of shaking the United States out of her lethargy Decision to pro ceed into a development of the Hbomb was one manifestation of this awakening Final steps taken toward establishing the North At lantic security setup was another When the N t h Koreans marched across the 38th parallel on June 25 1950 the awakening was complete And there have been in the sum mer shortly after the invasion be gan and some last fall and winter when after the war had been won we were faced with the prospect of when we were almost CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 CARROLL HINDERLIE Hinder lie Is President of Luther League Seattle Iowa pastor was named Saturday to head the young peoples Luther league for two years The Rev Carroll Hin derlie Clear Lake Iowa was elected president of t h e league succeeding the Rev Everett Gil bertson Brookings S Dak New president of the choral un ion is the Rev M A Egge De corah Iowa who succeeds the Revi J O Holum Minneapolis Minn Election of officers by the 5500 delegates to the 14th biennial con vention of the league and choral union highlighted thenexttolast day of the 5day sessions Arnold Running Sioux Falls S Dak was chosen assistant director of the choral union Invitations were submitted for the 1953 convention by Sioux City I o w a and the sister cities of Fargo N Dak and Moorhead Minn The FargoMoorhead bid was made jointly Action on the invitations was delayed until a meeting Monday and Tuesday of the Luther leagues general board at Pacific Lutheran college Parkland Wash The board will make plans for league activity in the next bi ennium Delahooke Is Methodist District Head Waterloo North Iowa conference of the Methodist hurch closed its anual convention lere Sunday with announcement of pastoral appointments for the coming year Two new district superintend nts were named They are the Sev John C Buthman of Cedar Sapids and the Rev J K Dela looke of Spencer Mr Delahooke was pastor of the First Methodist church at Charles City Newly assigned pastors in the various districts include Algona W Bearse 3urt and Frank Greene Thorn tonSwaledale Waterloo district H Sherman lhapinHansell A F Schuldt irst church Charles City Max 3aige FloydMarble Rock John 3 u r t FredericksburgFrederika I A Walker Greene F H Weed New HamptonWilliamstown and J H Machlan RicevilleMclntire Fort Dodge district M Squires Harcourt H M Burns Lake City Emory Anderson Rad cliffeEllsworth Otto S Steele Stratford John Scrivner Vincent Woolstock and J G Allen Wil iams Spencer Schultz ArcherBaker Vernon Sanderson Arnolds Park P R Brown Paul inaGaza Paul Clements Prim ghar Charles Kimbell Sioux Rap ds and R B Crocker Spirit lake All other pastors were reap pointed for the coming year Doctor Paul Arnold Peterson pastor of Wesley Methodist hurch was returned to Mason iiy for his 13th year Doctor jloyd A Gustafson pastor of First Methodist church for his 7th year md the Rev Roger Russell asj ociatc pastor for his 2nd year r Makes His Reply to Overtures By ERNEST B VACARO Tullahoma Tenn Presi dent Truman said Monday thi United States is ready to join in a real settlement of the Korean war which fully ends the ag gression and restores peace anc security While Mr Truman did not so label it that was obviously his reply to the proposal by Jacob A Malik Russian delegate to the United Nations for a ceasefire and withdrawal of troops from the area of the 38th parallel Mr Truman on this first an niversary of the communist at tack on South Korea said the reds suffered 1000000 casualties and have been thrown back be hind the line they started from Hits Critics The president in a major for eign policy speech blistered re publican critics for spreading fear and slander and lies and trying to destrop Dean Ache son whom he called one of the greatest secretaries of state in our listory In guarded language which did not mention Malik or his proposal specifically the president told a crowd gathered to dedicate a new air force testing cen ter are ready to join in a peace settlement in Korea now as me have always been But it must be a real settlement which fully ends the aggression and restores peace and security to the area and to the gallant Korean people In Korea and in the rest of the world we must be ready to take any steps which truly advance us oward world peace But we musi avoid like the plague rash ac ions which would take unneces sary risks of world war or weak actions which reward aggression New Air Center The president flew here from Washington to the Arnold air force engineering development center o be devoted to the development of jet propulsion and supersonic light power His talk fairly bristled with de nunciations of republican support ers of Gen Douglas MacArthurs Korean policy and critics of Ache son Secretary of Defense Mar shall Gen Omar Bradley and the oint chiefs of staff Mr Truman ousted MacArthur or publicly advocating a broaden ed war against the Chinese com munists MacArthursaid this pro gram wouldnt necessarily bring n Russia MacArthur said if the other United Nations would not oin in this country should go t alone Without Mr Truman said of those who vould take a chance that the Soviet Union wont fight in the ar east Says China Supports Proposals Tokyo UP The Chinese communist Peiping radio broad cast a statement Monday by the red Peoples Daily News say inf the Peiping government fully supports Russian pro posals for a cease fire in Korea By JOHN M H1GHTOWER Washington IP The United States looked to Moscow and Peip ing Monday for proof that Jacob Maliks call for a 38th paralle truce was a real peace bid and not just another soviet propaganda play Pending definite evidence state department and other administra tion officials appeared extremely wary of the proposition which the Kremlins envoy to the United Nations put forth in a speech Sat urday This country however declared readiness to play its full share in ending the lighting if the pro posal is sincere And in order to nail down that point it seemed probable that U S Ambassador Alan Kirk at Moscow would be nstructed shortly to ask the Kremlin what ceasefire conditions and other considerations were in volved in Maliks suggestion May Contact China Britain and France may parti cipate in making such a sounding In the Ineantime it was under stood by authorities that such in termediary governments as India and Sweden which have formal relations with red bet ter contacts than the British there lose no time in asking Peiping whether it shared Maliks expressed convictions that a truce is now possible A positive answer coupled with an indication of acceptable condi tions would undoubtedly mean that the communist high command ti a d given up its objective of throwing UN troops out of Ko rea and was the United States has repeatedly said it is negotiate peace The Malik proposition general in nature came at the tail end ol lis public speech the first part of which blasted the United States and reiterated red claims on For mosa and Chinas UN member ship But those two points were not coupled with the truce bid By its nature the speech raised critical issues for the UN alliance righting the reds in Korea Among ihese none was more important than the desire to exploit Maliks maneuver for all it is worth as a real peace proposal yet to avoid being drawn into a diplomatic propaganda or military trap naming MacArthur want us to play Russian with the foreign policy of the United will all he chambers of the pistols load ed He continued it isnt only the Kremlin that has been trying to get us to go it alone There are seople here who have been sow ng distrust of our allies and mag nifying our differences with them Some of these people are sin ere but misguided Others are ieliberately putting politics ahead f their country Questions Honest Some of the people advocating his policy he continued arent ngaging in honest debate They are trying to set the peo ple against the government by spreading fear and slander and lies the president continued They have attacked the integrity of the joint chiefs of staff At one point he said Thiy have deliberately tried to destroy Dean of the greatest secretaries of state in our history Reporters thought he had ref erence to recent criticism by Sen ator Taft ROhio among others when he added They have maliciously attacked General Bradley chairman of the joint chiefs of who is one of the greatest soldiers this country ever produced official newspapers Malik text without impose truce conditions favorable to the Chinese communists made headlines throughout the world Western leaders said they hoped the proposal was genuine Mos cows two printed the comment but thus emphasized its Kremlin origin InHong Kong far east observ ers who watch the China scene rpm the island said they felt cer ain Malik could speak for Peip ng in suggesting a ceasefire Some Chinese there expressed be ief the soviet delegate was mak ing propaganda but the majority said it looked like the beginning of efforts by Peiping to pull our selves out of the Korean morass where the strain may have become more than red China now is wil ling to endure India announced she would sup port any ceasefire move Delayed Following the release of the ext of Maliks speech late Satur day afternoon the white house delayed for 24 hours until late Sunday distribution of advance copies of President Trumans speech at Tullahoma Tenn Mon day This gave rise to the belief hat the president was reviewing his remarks American officials were inclined to take the Malik statement with nore than ordinary seriousness because they have believed for some time that the red Chinese and probably the Russians would ike to bring an end to the com nunist military reverses in Korea But there were reasons too why official Washington was openly skeptical of Maliks pro testations of peace Perhaps the biggest one was that he made his assertion in a public speech rather than commu licating it privately through dip omatic channels The president of the UN as embly Nasrollah Entezam of ran planned to ask Malik at once o expand on his ly UN delegate to indicate so far direct approach to the soviet representative Entezam is head of he UN good offices committee ivhich has been trying without uccess since February to get an answer from red China He ar an immediate return to Vew York from Washington Peiping radio broadcast Maliks peace proposal in the Korean lang uage without broadcast was comment monitored The by outh Korean news agency Until hen red China propaganda broad asts were mace up of the usual intiAmerican statements urging utter defeat of U S forces in Corea From Kremlin Maliks proposal the first from he communist side which did not STOPPED COLD NEXT TO REFRIGERATOR AP Wirephoto Three New York policemen grab Jus tin Murphy 17 as the teenager and a pal tried to burglarize a supermarket in Queens The pal got away Sees Mistake Not to Have Bombed Reds ODonneil Winds Up MacArthur Hearing Washington ff Senate hear ings on the dismissal of Gen Douglas MacArthur were closed Monday with testimony from a former far eastern air force gen eral that we made a mistake not bombing Chinese bases in Manchuria last fall Maj Gen Emmett Rosie 3Donnell who commanded the big bombers under MacArthur said he questioned however that t would be wise now to make at acks on Manchuria He said he s not sure the air forces could do t and still retain the Sunday punch for Russia ODonneil was the 13th and last vitness in the unprecedented hear ngs thta publicly aired disputes over U S far eastern policies as well as the firing of MacArthur one of the nations World war II leroes The hearings began May 3 and piled up a total of more than 2000000 words enough to make a whole shelf of novel length volumes When ODonneil was dismissed rorn the witness chair at a m C S Chairman Russell of the inquiry panel made up of the senate and armed services foreign relations committees This will conclude the oral testimony unless the committee decides by majority vote to reopen the hearings Order National Strike Against Western Union Washington Commercial Telegraphers union AFL Monday ordered a nationwide strike against West ern Union to back up its demands for a 25centsanhour wage increase The strike was set for 6 a m CST next Monday President Adolph S Brungs of the C T U Western un ion division said the union aims to close this company down just as tight as we can Brung said some 35000 telegra phers clerk messengers technicians would be affected The company and C I Us Western union division have been arguing for several weeks over whether their contract can be re opened for wage demands on July 1 A clause permits reopening in the event of war The two sides are at odds over defining the Ko rean conflict as it applies to the contract Western Union has offered a 10 per cent raisewithout reopening the contract Brungs said the un ion has rejected this adding tha not to reopen the contract woulc deprive the union of its right to strike and tie our hands behind our back The union which had its las nationwide strike in 1907 repre sents Western Union employes throughout the country except in New York City CHRYSLER PRICE RISE Washington Chrysler Corporation was authorized Mon day to increase retail prices on 11 of its new design models equipped with V8 engines rAII About The WEATHER AIR CRASH FATAL Oakland Oakland man was killed and nnother slightly in jured when their light plane stalled shortly after a takeoff and crashed here Sunday SAME Black flatf means traffic Ocatli in last 21 liomM Mason City Considerable cloudi ness through Tuesday thunder showers likely Monday night Warmer Tuesday Low Monday night 65 High Tuesday 87 owa Partly cloudy through Tues day with local thundershowers Low Monday night 62 to 72 Southerly winds 2030 mph Tuesday with high 84 to 89 northeast 88 to 92 southwest Further outlook Local thunder showers Tuesday night or Wed nesday Thursday partly cloudy and cooler High Wednesday near 90 Continued high humid ity through Wednesday Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness Monday night and Tuesday with local showers and thun derstorms Warmer east and central Monday night and in east portion Tuesday Low Mon day night 5965 High Tuesday 7580 north 8085 south GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 a m Monday Louella Parsons1 Husband Is Dead Hollywood Harry W Martin 61 physician to filmland celebrities and husband of Movie Columnist Louella O Parsons is dead He succumbed Sunday victim of an undiagnosed fever con tracted in the South Pacific dur ing World war II service He also was a veteran of World war I McGrane Nominated Osage Postmaster Washington postmas ter nominations for Iowa have been sent to the senate by Presi dent Truman They include Ernest L Perrin New Hartford andLeo F McGrane Osage IOWAN ELECTED Cleveland HiY con gress Saturday elected Nick John son of Iowa City Iowa president at the Y M C A International Centennial convention here Chinese Jets in Hit Run Attack By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo world talked of peace but the Korean war roared into its second year Mon day Chinese and North Korean reds were more aggressive all along the 100mile battlefront Communist jets streaked out of their Manchurian sanctuary on another typical hitandrun tack Allied warships continued to pour a hail of steel into east coast ports in North Korea The ceasefire and armistice proposal by Russias Jacob Malik had put no damper on the light ing Red ground forces showed mors fight than usual But by late aft ernoon there was still no sign of their expected anniversary offen sive 30 Red Jets Allied officers noting an omi nous enemy buildup in the west had predicted a limited commu nist counterattack to celebrate the wars first birthday Thirty rednosed MIG15 jets darted back and forth across the Yalu river boundary of Man churia Monday jockeying for po sition to attack 5th U S air force F86 Sabre jets One of the Russianmade planes was shot down in flames Thereds broke off the 10minute battle and scurried back to safety in Man churia It was the 8th day in the last 9 that jet battles have swirled high over North Korea The reds have lost 13 planes destroyed and 29 damaged The allies have lost 11 planes in that period The reds drove allied roops off two importantBridges south of Pyonggahg the northern apex of the old red iron triangle assembly area Rapid Exchange One hill changed hands 6 times in 36 hours of bloody fighting Reds and UN troops met at the top and battled with bayonets rifles machine guns and mortars The allies withdrew then hurled a withering hail of artillery fire on the red positions Pilots later spotted enemy dead littering the hillside East of Kumhwa the iron tri angles eastern base the reds drove allied foot soldiers off other high ground They were defend ing the approaches to Kumsong their newest defense bastion on the centralfront United Nations forces took the high ground shortly after noon The communists counterattacked with an estimated battalion 4 riours later The allies withdrew to the base of the hill and called down an artillery barrage on the reds EXPECTED HOME Rochester Minn James Wallace of D e s Moines a sisterinlaw of former U S Vice President Henry Wallace is ixpected to return home Tuesday he Mayo clinic reported Mrs Wallace underwent surgery early this month Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 7fi 57 63 Trace 83 65 GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 a m Sunday Maximum 76 Minimum fiO At 8 a in fi3 Precipitation 01 GlobeGazette photo by Sorlicn COMPETITORS of the competitors in the semi final organ playing contest at the regional convention of the American Guild of Organists in Mason City turn music for each other Taking his turn is H Max Smith Columbia Mo while Marilyn Larson Yankton S Dak plays her recital Another competitor Gloria Baker St Joseph Mo will play Tuesday The winner in the finals will play at the national convention of the guild at San Francisco next year Story on page 2 ;