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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 25, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DtPAftTKENT OF THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JUNE 25 1945 This Paper Consists of Two One NO President Truman Reaches San Francisco UNCIO HEARS SUCCESSFUL END One Mans Opinion A Badio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mason Cily Bniiday 6 p m KSCJ Sioux City Sunday p m Ames Wednesday a m ttSUl City IVtdnesdiy p i WTAD Qiiocr Ill Friday p m Freedom of Press as o World Ideal IN THE United States where freedom of the press is taken for granted as much as pur con stitution or our form of govern ment it is difficult to understand nations which not only dont have a free press but from the evi dence at hand dont even seem to want it A most interesting slant on this subject has been gained in recent weeks by a trio of distinguished American newspaper editors who toured the world by airplane on a2purpose mission 1 to check the nature of the press in other countries and 2 to advance the cause of a free press all over the world The members of this special mission were Wilbur Forrest as sistant editor the New York Herald Tribune and vice presi dent of the American Society of Newspaper Editors Ralph McGill editor of the Atlanta Constitu tion and Dean Carl W Ackerman head of the graduate school of journalism at Columbia usually referred to as the Pulitzer school of journalism ON RETURNING from their historic 40000 mile odyssey they filed a 50000 word report on their experiences and obser nations This commentary Is bef ing drawn from that amazing re port At the outset it should be re membered that their sponsoring organization the society of news paper editors has been at the forefront in demanding that the peace treaties growing out of this war contain a pledge by partici paling governments not to cen sor news at the source not to tree the press as an instrument of national policy and a pledge to permit a free flow of news in and out of all signatory countries This was the motivating force and mandate back of the mission to the 4 corners of the world upon which I shall report in this com mentary Except in Britain the 3 travel ers found little that resembled a free press From government agents they received some prom ises of greater freedom after the war but some of these were writ ten off as lip service Among newspaper men themselves how ever they found the gleam of a desire for more liberty than has been accorded them up to this time in reporting the truth THE HIGHLIGHT of the world jaunt was a visit to Moscow and a forthright talk with the soviet unions foremost journal ists There was a full and frank discussion of American and Rus sian journalistic methods and con cepts According to their report the Russians were both extremely curious and challenging of the American ideal of a free press At the same time these American envois got from the vice com misar of foreign affairs an ex pression of willingness fo seek a common ground in the matter of freer exchange of news and more fair and adequate mutual writ inland reporting At a dinner arranged by Vmeri can Ambassador W Averilt Har riman there was an uninhibited letting down of the hair by such powerful Russian Journalists as the head men of Pravda Red Star Moscow News War and the Wnrkiner Class Tass serv ice and the soviet information bureau Evnn after an explanation by Mr Harriman that the latitude of freedom of the press in America permitted of an expression of divergent and violent views on anv and all subjects the Russian editors admitted bewilderment For one thing they couldnt un derstand why our country would tolerate the criticism of an ally meaning Russia of in the midst of a war ANOTHER THING they couldnt understand was why there ould be such a spread between jditorial views and popular opin on In this connection they re that President Roosevelt lad been elected 4 times against i preponderant newspaper oppo liton One of the Russian editors Continued on Pace 2 Yank Paratroops Squeeze 20000 Japs Cornered on Luzon Escape Sealed Off Manila airborne division parachutists hastened the Luzon cleanup campaign toward a climax Monday putting the squeeze on an estimated 20000 Japanese now sealed off from their last major escape port It was at Aparri on the north coast that the enemy invaded the Philippines Dec 10 941 Americans and Philippine guerrillas already havekilled or captured 413081 Japanese in the campaign to liberate the islands Gen Douglas MacArthur an nounced He listed Japanese cas ualties during the past week at 9238 killed and 1483 captured compared with American losses of 223 dead and 589 wounded The Japanese in the Cagayan valley below Aparri found them selves compressed into a 60 mile corridor and caught between hammer and anvil To their north were the air borne veterans commanded by Maj Gen Joseph M Swing who landed Saturday on Camalaniugan airfield 4 miles south of Aparri without opposition Joining guer rillas who already had taken Aparri they captured LalLo Town 11 miles south and were pushing toward Tuguegarao Cagayan province capital still heldby Filipinos despite 3 days of fierce Japanese counterat tacks To the south of the pocketed Japanese were spearheads of the 37th division under Maj Gen Robert E Beightler hammering their way northward to relieve Col Russell W Yolckmanns Tugnegarao defenders The 37th was within g miles of the town Saturday night Gliders used for the first time in this theater of war carried jeeps and reinforced the para chutists Associated Press Corre spondent Hamilton WFaron re ported the Aparri landings wen made with the precision of a practice maneuver The U S 6th infantry division fought off a strong enemy count erattack Friday morning to con tinue its drive on Kiangan wes of the Cagayan valley Apparently caught by strafing planes nearly 1000 Japanese dead were found by the 33rd di vision in the Balud river valley east of Baguio on Luzon On Mindanao island the 24th division already had split Japa nese resistance capturing Little Baguio and Gunalang in the Davao Gulf area MacArthurs latest communique gave no furth er report of action there II I Vet Starts lMan Drive on Joints Des Moines discharged veteran of this war who has avowed his intention to make Des Moines and Polk county observe ambling and liquor laws Mon day had placed the constable an almost forgotten officer in Iowa aw enforcement circles very much in the public eye He is Constable Basil A Gross nickle of Avon Lake whose raid with 7 fellow Polk county con stables on the Mainliner and Pastime clubs created statewide comment over the weekend Grossnickle has declared that his organization of 8 constables would stamp out gambling and liquor violations throughout the county including the city of Des Moines The proclaimed constable cam paign came almost on the eve of an investigation by a state legis lative committee into the advis ability of abolishing Iowas con stable and justice court system A house concurrent resolution which authorized the appoint ment of a committee of 9 to in vestigate the system declared that justice of peace courts and pro cedure are entirely outmoded and of no further practical benefit to the nomination and election of justices sadcbhstables the resolution saidf merely add to the length of the ballot Commenting on the report that Grossnickle planned to move into Des Moines Charles F Trip le tt commissioner of public safety said we welcome help at any time as long as it is not political I hope the constables is not and that he is sincere Grossnickle in answer to Sher iff Vane B Overturff s re mark following the night club raids that the constables had jumped the gun declared that he Overturff has had 614 years to beat me to it Future of Stettinius Long Subject of Speculation May Also Be Speedily Announced approve charter UNITED NATIONS MONDAY President Truman arrives p m C W T Final conference working plenary session to ai p m Signing of charter with Argentina leading off following plenary session By JOI1N M HIGHTOWER Okinawa Springboard to Victory EDITORS NOTE Okinawa Is land is now ours but at heavy cost in American lives What we learned there what the island is worth to us and what the payoff will be are covered in the fol lowing dispatch by a veteran United Press war correspondent who has been American forces in the Pacific since Pearl Harbor SCARS OF BATTLE IN walk in the center of a street in Berlin in a lane cleared through rubble past the wrecked vehicles and damaged buildings that re sulted from the intense aerial and ground bombardment of the city AP wirephoto from signal corps Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette cairier boy Charter Ratification Sure 52 SENATORS FOR APPROVAL By WILLIAM F TYREE Guam conquered is land of Okinawa is Americas springboard Pacific to victory in the AP PolLShowstinal Okay Matter of Time Washington ratifi cation of the united nations char ter became largely a question of timing Monday with 52 senators already on record for it Some of the warmest advocates of American participation in the international peace preserving or ganization want to take full ad vantage of the momentum built DP at San Francisco They want to rush the ratification resolution through the foreign relations com mittee and out to the senate floor Others counsel full unhurried deliberations in both places They say it would be almost physically impossible to ratify the charter in time lor President Truman to take it with him to the big 3 meeting They also believe the American people as well as the senators would profit by a thorough study and discussion of the document The disclosure that at least 52 senators are committed firmly to ratification barring unforeseen developments was made over the weekend in an Associated Press poll Five more senators said they probably would vote for it and not one came out flatly against it Eighteen reserved their decisions 20 could not be reached by inter viewers Senator Scrugham D Nev died The 38 noncommittal or una vailable included more than a few who have shown lively interest in international cooperation Ratification of a treaty requires affirmative votes from twothirds of those present and voting If al 95 or SB were on that seldom has been seen by the old est eyes at the woulc Jan Christian Smuts Sees 4 Major Improvements in World Peace Charter take 64 votes than the sures combined only 7 more and probables BORNEO IS RARE PACIFIC the rich Lu tong oil refinery area in the Brunei section of Borneo seized during new landings and with Balikpapan on the east coast being primed for invasion the reconquest of this rich Pacific prize is well under way The above map shows the areas where rubber oil gold coal and diamonds indicated by symbols are found in great abundance Be fore World war II the Sandankan plantations provided great quantities of rubber so did Sarawak and Dutch Borneo Bancljermasin in the south is rich in all 4 prod ucts South of Tarakan are rich gold fields and gold flecks many a river bottom The United States land sea and air forces are now established for the first time deep inside Japans inner defense ring and the stage is set for the climax of this long and bloody invasion of the enemys homeland or China or both The Japanese who doesnt know this is living in a military vacuum The fiery handwriting already is appearing in the skies over Tokyo Everywhere in the Pacific Gls and generals feel the same way about it This is the time This is the place Its been one damned i Father of Modem Submarine Is Dead Bridgeport Conn Lake 79 father of the modern submarine died Saturday night at St Vincents hospital after a brief illness Although crude types of sub marines had been used in the rev olutionary and Civil wars Lake was the first to build a submarine which operatedsuccessfully in the open sea He built his first submarine in 1894 when he was 28 It was a crude device built mainly to prove that his ideas were workable It was followed by the Argonaut a cylindrical craft 36 feet long in which Lake and a crew of 5 trav eled more than 1000 miles in a series of tests Convinced that his submarines were successful he formed a com pany and sold chiefly to foreign governments before the first World war He always believed the un derwater craft should be used as carriers of cargo rather than as I warmaking machines San Francisco Marshal Jan Christian Smuts of South Africa believes that the mited nations conference in add ng the realism of armed might to he idealism of the old league of nations covenant has written 4 major improvements into the new world charter The 76 year old South African srime minister who played a eading role in the drafting of 3oth the covenant and the char er told the Associated Press that he new document is better than the old in recognizing these points 1 That force is necessary to maintain peace 2 That only the combined force of the great powers can guarantee the world against total war and that therefore great power unity is a necessary condi tion for world peace 3 That the other nations ac cording to their measure should bind themselves to supply forces against aggression 4 And that smaller defensive groups should be encouraged un der the world organization to help in maintaining the peace in their nreas so long as the organization itself does not take defensive ac tion Because he stands as the princi pal living link between the men who created the league of nations and those who drafted a new world order here Smuts was asked by the Associated Press to write an analysis of the 2 and of the San Francisco conference itself The league covenant was writ ten he said at the worlds high tide in idealism It was based on the idea he said that nations sitting at a round table could set tle disputes pacifically and or ganized force might not be neces sary to prevent aggression A universal veto a require ment that all nations vote unani mously and the absence of force were thus the main features of the covenant Smuts continued An allin universal league was ar rived at and smaller leagues or groups for peace were looked upon with disfavor as an encroach ment on the universal reign of the league Today we can appreciate why it failed For we have learned much during the last 25 years years in which the hopes and vis ions of the last peace have suf fered a sad eclipse We have seen military force rise to unheard of heights The rise of Hitlers Ger many has been a revelation of evil in human nature and of war power such as had never been seen before and his example has been followed by Japan and oth ers INNOCENT SAYS LORD HAW HAW Accused Traitor Pleads American Citizenship London Joyces defense attorney entered a plea of innocent Monday to British charges of high treason and indi cated that the man who made war propaganda broadcasts for the Germans under Lord Haw Haw the name of would base his another but now toehold where we defense on a claim of American birth A preliminary hearing on the charges was adjourned until Thursday when the court an nounced Joyce will be committed formally for trial in old Bailey during the July session The prosecution c tended Joyce had declared himself a Brit ish subject by birth when he ap plied for a passport in 1933 and on two other occasions when seek ing passport last time only 10 days before the out break of war when he went to Germany After his capture by allied au thorities following Germanys sur render Joyce said he was born at Brooklyn N Y Joyce also claims that he as sumed German nationality in 1940 The prosecution contends this ad mission he had acquired German nationality during wartime was sufficient grounds in itself for the high treason charge Also presented by the prosecu tion was a contract Joyce signed with the nazis under which he re ceived 1200 marks monthly about a week as editor and an nouncer of the British section of the German radio Papers found on Joyce prosecutor asser Joyce had been cross Sept 1 1944 by Hitler him self Wooden Bridge Razed Ncwfane VL of high maintenance costs the old wooden bridge in this village was torn down recently Built in 1841 it had served travelers for morel than a century island after weve got a want it Okinawa is a jaw in the snag gletoothed trap of islands stretch ing northward from Formosa to Japan ready to close when Amer ican commanders feel the victims have had sufficient beating from the air Super fortress blows already are raining regularly on the enemys home islands But now the way is clear for a drumfire bombardment and tight blockade that will lay the Japanese open to invasion From Okinawa it is 325 miles to Japan 450 to Korea less than 500 miles to the China coast and all these are threatened In other words the capture of Okinawa is a long step toward Tokyo and victory It means air fields for fighters and bombers harbors for warships and supply vessels sites for our forward ar senal That is why we are here that is why our marines and army troops paid in blood for Okinawa Now the full striking power of the American air many planes as can be jammed into the western Pacific islands or loaded aboard our carrier fleets begin the real campaign to beat Japan to her knees The Japanese air force even now is unable to prevent our air and sea operations in their home waters Japan hasnt seen the haH of it yet The winning of Okinawa natur ally was costly Probably as many as 100000 Japanese faced 6 divi sions of the American 10th army on that dark and bloody island They fought desperately to win spurred by Tokyos blunt warning that Okinawa would be the deci sive battleground of the war But there is consolation in the fact that Okinawa was the riches strategic prize we have yet won And now the Japanese are in fo a bad time Associated Press Diplomatic News Editor San Francisco Trumans arrival Monday to help wind up the united nations con ference in a brilliant round of ceremonies and speechmaking may also lead to the speedy windup of another future of Edward R Stettinius Jr as secretary of state In the American delegation and other diplomatic groups here there is considerable speculation that the president may indicate either publicly or privately his future plans for Stetlinius before he leaves here Tuesday night There are 2 main reasons cited for this view 1 The prolonged speculation that Mr Truman may intend to replace Stettinius in the secre aryship with James F Byrnes former director of war mobiliza tion is weakening Steltinius of ficial position in addition to being personally embarrassing to him 2 Now that the conference has come up to a successful conclu sion with the charier of a new world peace organization ready for final formal approval and signing Stettinius immediate task is done and a breaking point has been reached A big 3 meeting is close at hand but it is another job if Stettinius is to prepare for it as secretary he may want to know without de lay If Byrnes or someone else is nius possibly in some oth also will have to Be decided without delay since the time is short It seems evident that persons close to Stettinius here do not know what the answer is even i on Joyce the IT i r T C1 1 ted revealed that DUrlinfftOn rOIlCe OCCK awarded the iron Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Monday night and Tuesday Warmer Tuesday Iowa Fair Monday Monday night and Tuesday Cooler eastern portion Monday and Monday night Slightly warmer Tuesday Minnesota Fair Monday night and Tuesday Warmer Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 85 Minimum Sunday 58 At 8 a m Monday 65 Precipitation 76 inch at American Crystal Sugar com pany YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 87 61 Man in Connection With Stabbing Case Burlington Po lice Chief Hurley Eland said Sun day that George Maupin 50 wa being sought for questioning i connection with the stabbing o H A Dodds 40 of New London Police quoted Dodds in seriou condition in a Burlington hos pital with knife wounds in th abdomen side back and arm a saying that he was attacked b Maupin The attack took place polic said early Sunday in the aparl mcnt of Maupins estranged wif Mrs Ruth Maupin They sai Dodds had been helping Mr Maupin move from Galesbun 111 County Attorney BIyth Con said no charges had been filei Authorities believed M a u p i might be a resident of Galesbur though they refuse to discuss the situation on the ground it is a white house matter Some members of the American legation predict that since the ecretarys part in the conference nd the conference itself have nded in success the president ill be inclined to keep him on his is in sharp contrast with pre iclions in Washington political uarters that he will be given a oreign assignment as leading merican official in the projected nited nations set up and replaced s secretary President Truman and Stet nius have not met since late Tay when the secretary paid a ying visit to the white house 3rior to that they had been as ociated for a few days immedi tely afler the death of Franklin X Roosevelt in April but the hec ic events of those days no thought given to change Two months to the day after the onference opened on April 25 Mr Truman arrives from the Pa ificnorthwest where he has been vacationing Conference delega ion chiefs will meet him and he vill lead a procession to the Fair Tiont hotel headquarters of the delegation Dinners and receptions are a lart of his schedule but the main terns are two To watch the start of the charter signing Monday night and to address the final clos ng session Tuesday afternoon be ginning about 7 oclock C W T The charter was put into final shape by action of the conference Peering committee Saturday al though theoretically it remains open to change until it has been cleared by Monday nights last working plenary session The signing is scheduled to start after that and to be resumed Tuesday morning requiring about 8 hours in all The steering committee agreed as had been intended all along that Poland would be allowed to signlater in the proper place the signatures will go down alphabeti cally by English spelling of coun tries Among delegates there appeared to be the widest agreement that the conference had been a huge success and that the charter of a world league which it produced is a much better plan than the Dum barton Oaks system with which it started 2 months ago Monday LAVAL TRIAL SET Paris high court announced Monday that Pierre Laval would be tried in absentia on treason charges Aug 15 unless he returns from Spain before that time The court also postponed the trial of Marshal Petain original ly scheduled for July 5 to com plete the case against him I womens Farm Bureau Mason ;