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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 24, 1941, Mason City, Iowa COMP DEPARTMENT Of ARCHIVES NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVI1 ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULI IJ FIVE CENTS A THE NEWSPAPf R THAT MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS They1001 Are Americans Malaria War Wont Stay Won EDITORS NOTE TJjI I nolbrt of icriei ot irtleles written by VI Eirl 1111 Hion Cily GlobeGjietla nunistnr editor in the course ol lour throuih Soulh America of party of 1 el the Carneiie Endowment Intcrailional Peace Number 91 By W EARL HALL ABOARD THE S S BRAZIL IN THE CARIBBEAN war against yellow ever and ma laria in South America is one that refuses to stay won The problem calls for and is receiving a con stant and continuing attention from the best scientific minds of both South America and our own country In this respect there is at least n measure of difference between the situation in South America and in our closer neighbors Cuba and Panama Dr Walter Reed cleaned up the epidemic at Havana 40 years ago and it has remained cleaned up since Similarly General Gorgas performed a like service in Panama incident to building the canal and the fight has stayed won There has been a constant viligance in both places I should add Doctor Reed by some ingen ious laboratory methods made the discovery that one type oE mos quito the aedes aegypti was the carrier responsible for the yellow fever which had proved so dev astating to our troops in the Span ishAmerican war more devas tating than the war itself By eliminating breeding place cesspools stagnant water in tin cans lever was erad icated In Panama General Gorgas pur sued like methods with like re sults and is memorialized today with a great government hospita named after him in Balboa Heights In the Santos Brazil problem was approachec byimporting a species of Japa rieselish that feeds on the offend ing egypti again with astounding results But elsewhere in South America notably Ecuador and parts of Brazil yellow fever persisted to the extent that in 1915 the Rockefeller foundation set out in an ambitious and de termined way to do something about the problem On this ship we are privilegec to have association with Docloi David Stevens director of the hu manities section of the Rockefel ler foundation just completing an important inspection tour of South America and it is to him that am indebted for much oC the in formation contained in this ar ticle as well as to a report by Dr Fred L Soper of the same organ ization who is unsurpassed as an axithority on tropical diseases On the evidence available up t 1915 it was easy to conclude tha eradication of yellow fever ani malaria was simply a matter o eradicating the carrier mosquito known to be offenders That wa an understandable premise when General Gorgas took over th work actively in 1916 for th foundation There was a quick correction o the situation at Guayaquil Ecua dor from this mode of attack Later like methods brought lik results in quick succession h northern Peru 1920 Colombia Mexico and Central America that in 1925 the foundations an nual report stated that only thre cases oE yellow fever had bee noted in the Americas in a year Then news began coming in o an outbreak oE yellow fever i sections of Brazil which couldn be traced to the carrier mosquit present in other epidemics Doctor for the foundation and health au thorittes for the South America states affected recognized a challenge The new type nf disease like orthodox yellow fever in many rcspects but dissimilar in others was cataloged as jungle yellow fever Along with the endeavor to learn its source has been an attempt to discover means for ameliorating its effects An en couragingly effective serum has been developed and vaccination has been practiced with satis factory results in more than a million cases Study in the field principal along the Amazon has reveale that monkeys are subject to dis aslrous attack by the jungle bran of yellow fever Attempts thus fa to find a significant quito monkey and proved unavailing but the effor throws light on the ingenuity an the seriousness of effort with whic the new challenge is being met There s a real measure of satis faction for me in my first hand ob scrvation on this trip that the en ormous wealth built up by th Rockefellers Carncgies Guggen heims and others is being directc to the task of bringing about healthier and therefore a happic mankind REPORT NAZIS GUN 120 MILES Sources m Turkey Hear of Quick Advance Into Ukraine ASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JUNE 24 1941 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 220 any re the the pro re BACKING OF RED AID PLAN FOUND N U S SENATE But Senator Clark Gives Counterblast in Opposition to Soviet WASHINGTON idea f aiding Russia in her fight ainst Germany gained subsfan ial backing in the senate Tues ay but not without a sharp ounterblast of opposition from Senator Clark who de lared Stalins hand is just us jloody as Hitlers the communist ystem is just as bad as nazism The general trend of initial opinion in the senate appeared to indorse the official state de partment declaration that defense against Hitlcrism dounded to the benefit ot defense and security of United States The state department nouncement Monday was arded as tantamount to formal notice that the reoriented Ameri can policy toward the sov et would parallel Britains In brief the United States and Brit Tin while yielding no ground in heir ideological antagonism tn communism would support Rus sia as a fighter against a common menace The United States it was said s in a position to grant the sov et a certain measure of econo mic cooperation almost at once requested The government could for example release froz en Russian assets and at the ame time relax the restrictions which have largely prevented the Russian purchase and export o vital strategic materials In the latter connection it was pointed out that the ItussoGer man conflict has ended the dan ger of such supplies reaching the reich via the transSiberian railroad The suspicion that some American goods were be ing transshipped to Germany by that route was one reason for the restrictions in effect before the wars spread to the east The sealing of the transSiber ian route officials noted in pass ing also cuts off the substantia supplies which Germany was re ported to be receiving recently from Japan and closes the las big door for German nationals seeking to return home from the western hemisphere through the British blockade Before her purchases were re stricted the soviet was a large buyer of defense machine tools other types of machinery needec for arms production and some raw materials Although United States defense needs must now be considered first it was indi cated that Russia would be per mitted to purchase whatever sup plies Could be spared For the present the ques tion of leaselend aid was con sidered hypothetical Undersec retary of State Sumner Welles explained Monday that until such aid is requested the American government is with holding a decision on the sub ject Senator Clark in attacking leaselend assistance told news men Tuesday that I am absolute ly against giving Russia any help We dont have enough defense equipment for our own use and a practical alliance with com munism would do inestimable damage to our own political structure It would only encour age communism in this country Clark a member of the foreign relations committee and an op ponent of administration foreign policy remarked however that the RussoGerman conflict re minded him that Russia was the means of the downfall of two of the greatest soldiers in history Napoleon and Charles XII of Sweden Supplies Train Follows Advancing Nazis Horsedrawn supply wagons aie pictured in this Berlin vadiophoto as they followed advancing German troops as they pushed across the Russian border to launch the sur prise blitz attack on their former ally The famed nazi panzer divisions are bearing the brunt ot the assault but recent reports stated that Germany had between 25 and 30 horse cavalry divisions on the border for use in the swampy terrain across the frontier English Towns Tremble as RAF Drops Gigantic Bombs on French Invasion Coast MOSUL HE ADS WATERLOO TEAM SPORTS BULLETIN WATERLOO Ufi Johnny Mostil former outfielder for the Chicago White Sox and present manager of the Joncsboro Ark club in the Northeast Arkansas league Thursday was appointed mnagcr of Waterloo in the ThrccI a While Sox farm Against Nazis Nazi Occupied Areas Goes On Furiously LONDON along the coast trembled Tuesday under the concussion of gigantic explo sions from the French invasion coast as Royal Air Force planes re sumed an offensive against Ger many and Germanoccupied areas which now seemed almost con tinuous day and night The explosions started at dawn just as a great fleet of lone range bombing planes in fourmotored craft returned lo home bases after havinjr blasted western and northwestern Germany during the night Hours later towns on the south east coast were still shaking from the bombs exploding on the French side of the channel British planes had attacked the invasion coast almost continuously Monday and Monday night and in their great sweeps over northern France hnd shot down 20 challeng ing German planes with the loss of only five of their own number German planes which once came by the hundreds to strew destruc tion and death over Britain were little in evidence A few of them tried lo bomb a British convoy off the coast during the night but the bombs struck in the sea and the ships escaped without damage The main German retaliation eame in the form of a bombard ment starting shortly after midnight by the German long range guns alone Ihc French coast They had hardly started firing when a fleet of British planes darted over the channel A series of explosions was heard in the vicinity of the batteries in the Cape Griz Ncz area and the bom bardment ended It was believed that the German suns were doing most of their shooting at the con voy which the planes unsuccess fully bombed It was the 13th straight night of big bombing raids on Ger many and Tuesday was the eighth straight day of big raids in the invasion coast area In their sweep of the invasion coast Monday night British planes concentrated on railroad targets in northern France The air ministry said that German planes made a determined at tempt to interfere and fierce engagement took place over the Calais area Two of our bombers were shot down but the enemy were again heavily defeated and 13 of their aircraft were destroyed the air ministry said One British fighte came down in the sen but thi pilot was Seven German planes had been shot down in Mondays early sweep Polish pilots accounted foi seven German planes during the day and night operations Commons Approves m Pounds for 3 Months War Needs LONDON house of commons Tuesday voted to place me billion pounds about 54000 000000 at the disposal of the overnment for war purposes In moving the credit vote the hancellor the exchequer Sir Kiiigsley Wood told the house hat this amount would last about Jirce months at the present rate of expenditure about 333000 000 a month He said it would be necessary or him to come before parliament n the autumn to ask for more war funds The last such credit was Otcd by parliament in February Supplies received from the Uni led States under the aid to Britain bill were not included in the bil lionpound estimate the chancel lor said Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Fair continued warm Tuesday night and Wed nesday Highest temperature Tuesday afternoon about 90 Wednesday afternoon about 95 IOWA Fair and rather warm Tuesday afternoon t H r o u g h Wednesday MINNESOTA Generally fai Tuesday night and Wednesday not much change in tempera ture IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 83 Minimum Monday night 54 At 8 a m Tuesday 78 YEAR AGO Maximum 78 Minimum 54 Precipitation OS EXTENDED FORECAST Weather forecast for the period from p m June 24 to p in June 28 1941 inclusive CST Upper Mississippi Valley and Indiana Iowa and Illinois Indi ana Wisconsin and Minesota ex cept those portions that drain intc the Great Lakes The temperature will averag above normal becoming coole about Friday Rainfall will b mostly light occurring as scatterei showers Friday and Saturday War on East Front fi 300 MS LENINGRAD MOSCOW KHARKOV GERMANY RSTNOPOI BRITISH GREET REDS AS ALLY AGAINST NAZIS Eden Says Communism Not Issue but Fight Against Adolf Hitler LONDON Secre ary Anthony Eden formally wel omed soviet Russia as an ally in ur common task the defeat of Jermany in a speech in the onse of commons Tuesday Eden urged the British nation o forego political considerations n facing the situation raised by Germanys drive into Russia Communism is not the issue he said adding we have al ways haled the creed But he went on what counts is that the Russians are fight iiiR Ihc man who seeks In dom inate the world That also is outsole task The soviet government have made it plain to us that in the period of military collaboration vhich now lies ahead help will be on a mutual nnd reciprocal basis aid Eden majestys govern ment accepts and indorses tha In a review of BritishRussian elations before Adolf Hitler irmies crossed the Russian fron lier Sunday the foreign secretary reiterated Britains pledge of th redemption of Poland That remains our pledge Vi said of the nation jointly occupie by Germany and Russia at th opening of the war in 1939 The foreign secretary announcei that Russia had formally acceptw an offer of British military ani economic mission to coordinat Ihc common task of the defeat o the enemy if if The political system of Great Britain and Russia are diverse said Eden but this cannot and must not obscure the reality which confronts us today Eden said the failure of Ih British to make headway will Moscow in trade and politica talks before the wars start hat been due to Russias fear of of fending Hitler Moscow insisted he assertei upon strictest observance of it nonaggression pact with Berlin If there were any who ques tioncd the United States attitud towards the British alliance wit Russia Eden said they shoul read the declaration by Mr Sum ner Welles in the press Tuesda morning Soviet Ambassador Ivan Mais ky who conferred Monday wit Eden sat in the diplomatic gal lery throughout the foreign sec retarys talk Black arrows mark German and Rumanian drives on Kussia Finmsli spokesmen declared Finland 1 Would maintain neutrality as long as possible Lithuania 2 de clared her independence from Russia Kiev and Sevas topol o were bombed French sources saw Kharkov n as a German objective STazis Claim Thousands of Prisoners BERLIN storm roops were reported by the of icial news agency Tuesday to lave killed several hundred Rus ians and captured several thou and in stiff handtohand fight ng on the eastern front The handtohand encounter was reported in connection with dispatches from nazi propa ganda reporters claiming that the German armies continued to thrust into soviet territory while the luftwaffe blasted the soviet rear lines No details of the fighting were given anc he lo cations of sectors were not mentioned With Adolf Hitler having estab ished headquarters at the eastern ront the high commands daily ommuniquo was limited to a statement that the offensive con linued with great success The official agency said that a formation ot soviet bombers at empting to fly into east Prussia ind been destroyed by German fighter planes on the border where 20 enemy airplanes were reported shot down without loss to the luftwaffe A number of sov iet pilots who took to parachutes were reported captured According to the reports ot the agency nnc the propa BULLETINS BERLIN liP The Germans have destroyed 280 Russian tanks in the nazi drive eastward DNB official German news agency re ported Tuesday STOCKHOLM UR Radio Kaunas was reported Tuesday night by wellinformed Lithu anian quarters to have broad cast a speech by a German of ficer stating that German troops were entering the Lithuanian capital LONDON IMF swept over the French coast in force again Tuesday night in a big of fensive operation to round out two weeks of nightly blasting of German industries communica tions and bases DNB official news soldierreporters of ganda company soviet air losses are continuing at a terrific rate as the luttwaffe pounds their planes on the ground and shoots them down in major air combats The DNB and propaganda com pany reports indicate that majo nazi pushes are being made in these areas 1 Across the east Prussian fron tier into Lithuania where it i reported here a big antiRussiai has broken out 2 A drive from the southern iij of east Prussia at the city o Grodno Across the river Bus bctwcei Ostrov and BtestLitovsk Against the fortress of Brcsl Litovsk admitted by the Russian high command to have fallen t nazi 5 North and cast through Bess arabia in the direction ol UK former sovietRumanian frontier German informants had indi ciited that the German stcelclai wchrmacht and the Russian re army were in contact and that historic battle might be imminen The official news agency as sorted that a German submarin sank a Russian submarine Windau on Ihe Latvian coa Monday after a short fight A Rusian destroyer was sui by a German mine in the enste Baltic it was said The official news agency said that a German bomber on Mon day attacked a soviet oil train scoring hits that blew up 22 ears The explosions were so severe that the German bomber wob bled violently although it was at an altitude of about 2000 the aeency said DISPATCH SAYS PANZERS PUSH TOWARD MINSK Berlin Says Soviet Bunkers Pierced Reds Lose 3 Frontier Towns By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sweeping drives of German rmored columns into the Russian Ukraine and through red army lefenscs to tlte north were indi ated Tuesday by diverse reports vhieh accompanied fresh manifes ations of axis sympathy in Japan and Spain if if if Three major penetrations of soviet territory were reported ranging in depth from 80 to 125 miles and DNB official Ger man news agency declared hundreds of Kussians had been killed and thousands taken pris oner in one sector alone A GermanRumanian force was said to have slashed 80 miles through Russian Bessarabia head ing for Odessa and other Black sea ports Foreign military attaches in Ankara Turkey said they were advised that nazi panzer units had driven 120 miles into the rich breadbasket of southwest Russia in the first two days of invasion V V V In the center of the 2000 mile front a spearhead has penetrat ed about 125 miles in a thrust through BrestIJtovsk toward Minsk said Reuters British news agency in a dispatch from Vichy if if From Berlin came word that German assault troops had driven through a strong line of soviet bunkers in the thrusts which the red army acknowledged had taken three frontier towns The German high command spoke in a generality In the east the operations nf the German army are laking Iheir planned course with great suc cesses Uniformed falangists paraded in Madrid before the nazi embassy shouting Oil to raltar for Spain Attention was focused on Jap anese interest in the war by a Renters British news agency dispatch from Tokio saying that Japanese women and children living in Moscow hail been or dered home of BERLIN newspa per Angriff reported Tuesday night in a Bratislava dispatch hat President Joseph Tiso in a proclamation to the Slovak peo ple at noon Tuesday announced that the Slovak army had joined the German army in the war against Russia WASHINGTON war department announced Tuesday that troops were withdrawn at noon from the North American Aviation plant at Inglcwood Cal STOCKHOLM UR1 Press messages from Helsinki Tues day night reported that Tallinn capital of Kstonia was being ravaged by great fires appar ently started by German air attacks The high command communique was datelincd fuehrers head quarters Russian planes attempted to fly in over cast Prussia Monday morning DNB said but were driven off by heavy antiaircraft ire and forced lo drop Iheir bomb loads harmlessly in open country One propaganda company re porter told how a squadron of Junkers and divebombers swept down on a column with 30 red army trucks carrying troops Quickly they recognize the danger the reporter said They jump out and rush for the road side lo take cover Bombs begin falling with perfect precision in a row along the road The effect is frightful Some trucks go up in bright flames while others are hurled all over the place Another story told of a German air squadron carrying out a sim ilar attack on 60 trucks and six or seven tanks including motor ized artillery Propaganda report ers described similar scenes from all parts of the front NAMED AT WATERLOO WATERLOO TVMiss Gone vjovc Knudson employe of the Dubuquc county social welfare de partment for seven years Monday WRS appointed ocial welfare di rector for Black Hawk county Likewise Domei Japanese news agency broadcast that Tues days comments in the Japanese press are much clearer in their manifestations of sympathy for Germany nnd in indicating the fu ture course of Japanese policy DKB the official German news igency said nazi legions hnd broken soviet fortifications in the center of the 2000mile eastern ront after hard fighting While the locale was not further specified it apparently was Ihe rolling forested plateau of what was once middle Poland Although Russian advices indi cated German penetration of 10 In 15 miles in places in Adolf Hit lers new drive to the east the soviet high command declared two nazi columns hnd been repulsed with heavy losses It was admitted that Brest Iilovsk scene of the bolshevist siRninj of a World war peace with Germany Kolna and Lomza hail fallen All are in Polish territory Tn addition Bucharest dispatchers of Reuters said Rumanian troops fiffhtiiiK as allies of Germany had occu pied Cernauti in northern Bii covina which Kussia wrested from Rumania by ultimatum a year afro If If fn London it was announced that Moscow had formally accepted an offer ol coordinating British mili tary nnd economic missions This coordination is in addi tion to the stcppedup pace ot Britains aerial offensive against the rcich Informed London sources said the manufacturing centers of Cologne and Ducsseldorf and the naval base of Kiel were tar gets of the 13th consecutive RAF night attack upon Germany Mon day night The German high command re ported he British bombers killed and wounded several civilians and hit apartment houses Soviet war correspondents de scribed the Russian frontier tuarcis forminz Ihe outposts of a nalinn two and a half limw ;