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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 24, 1940, Mason City, Iowa or NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ES COMP HOME EDITION THl THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY iOWATMONDAY JTTMF MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT PAPO CONSISTS OF TOO SECTIONS OKE NO 223 Willkies Claims Rise as 6O P Meets BRITAIN TELLS FRENCH PEACE DRASTIC TERMS ENDS WAR SESSION OPENS UNDER SHADOW OFWARABROAD Platform Group Argues Warlike Attitude Up to Congress Not President By IV B RAGSDALE PHILADELPHIA IF Under the shadows of international strife a thousand republicans marched upon their national convention hall Monday to settle a wide open contest for the presidential nomination Evenbefore the delegates left their crowded hotels to begin nearly a week of oratory and balloting one question was get ting everincreasing attention have the risinr claims of Wendell Willkie a late starter the presidential tact affect ed the fortunes of Senator Rob ert A Taft Thomas E Dewey and half dozen r aspir ants Willkie forces encouraged by demonstrations for the utilities executive here this weekend were changing their strategy and work ing for a strong first ballot show ing instead of holding back for a later drive But while most of the delegates talked candidates the platform committee solemnly considered the foreign policy which the re publican party should claim for LTbB of fseriouMesS was reflected in the convention hall as National Chairman John Hamilton banged the gavel at am Along with Dewey Willkie and Taft buttons were evidences of support for Senator Arthur Vanuenberg of Michigan Gov Arthur James of Pennsylvania Frank Gannett of New York Senator Styles Bridges of New Hampshire and several favor ite sons The increasing pace of the Will loe bandwagon created a stir Three weeks ago Willkifi was a potential candidate without manv delegates Now by inroads into the great circle of unpledged delegates his chances have been raised in the estimate of many politicians to a level with the two front line men and Dewey Willkie said he had received promises of eventual support from every state except sippi Louisiana and South Caro lina Touslehaired and with rum pled suit smoking cigarets with Quick drafts he was frequently cheered as he met delegations and took on all questioners in roughandtumble debate on any subject Like no convention in recent history all the candidates involved in the voting were on the scene LJ n W Haii Just Before Convention Got Under Way f ng the tinselled wrappings from BULLETINS lowans to Back MacNider as Monday night the delegates will note speech by Governor Harold Among the workers for groiips were the another potential candidate former President Her bert Hoover A long list of men who between 1928 and 1932 were closely associated with Mr Hoov er talked with the delegates The former president will ad dress the convention Tuesday night and those who have had t advance peeks at his speech say t much of it is devoted to foreign policy s Mondays opening ceremonies were routine They consisted simply of the formal job of tear e e MMhepiresiaential nom nation The resolutions committee cre ated Monday will take over the vork of completing the plaUorn egun informally last week b irtually the same men and worn en Dominant among the subject was the foreign policy plank ovo which a committee headed by M Landon the 1936 presidents nominee had labored and fora week Not until Sundav night was the job finished will what Landon said was unanimou agreement The arguments had circled to have the United States government extend sympathy and aid and permit aid and comfort to be extended to oppressed peoples insofar as is consistent with the law of na tions and the law of the land F i VMUCf IXillCQ But the group arguea that wac the addressed to making and warlike attitudes should be assumed andexercised by congress rather than the presi dent and only when necessary to defend the integrity vital ests and territory of this nation against such dangers as threaten its existence independence or se curity It denounced the presentstate of unpreparedness and said the third term tradition should be e maintained as a bulwark against dictatorships Not until Tuesday night will the resolutions committee bring the complete draft of its platform to he convention floor for adop tion On Wednesday will be nomi nating speeches and balloting probably will start Thursday WILL LIXK AUSTRALIA SAN FRANCISCO UPJ The irst transoceanic air service across the south Pacific to link the Unit ed States and Australia will be started by PanAmerican Air ways on July 12 it was announced Monday Lost Call for Census 3 the census of Mason Have You Been ErSSF CENSUS ENUMERATION OF MASON CITY IF SO PLEASE REPORT YOUR NAME NAME ADDRESS Number in Famify Mail or urn in lo the census office in the Mason Citv iwstofficc or Phone No 1270 i K UWfUI arainst effective it a m Tuesday p m c S T Monday BORDEAUX French government decided on a day of national first day fallowing signature of Hie armistice presumably Tuesday labor battal lion has begun work of trans ferring from Compiegne forest to Berlin the historic railway car in which France signed the armistice terms Saturday as Germany did in 1918 NEW YORK Ger man high command in a broad cast picked up by CBS said Adolf Hitler had ordered flags flown throughout the German reich for 10 days and bells rung for seven days The order issued German people said nazi sol diers have finished the war in the west against a gallant ene my after a heroic fight LONDON Charles de Gaulle head of the French na tional committee in London de clared in an interview Monday night that he was convinced a parts of the French empire will go on fighting I have reason to think that the French fleet will not surrender to the enemy Generalde Gaulle addeed Man Lying in Weeds Is Run Over by Auto ELACKFOOT Idaho Bowman 35 became ill while driving He parked on a iural road and lay down in weeds to est Another automobile attempt ng to pass Bowmans turned into he weeds struck Bowman and killed him The Weather FORECAST IOWA Generally fair Mon day night and Tuesday slightly cooler Monday night extreme eastcentral portion MINNESOTA Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday slightly cooler northeast Mon day night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather slatis ics Max imam Sunday Minimum Sunday night At 8 a m Monday Rain Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum in night At 8 a m Sunday Rain TS 54 inch 83 60 12 63 Tt 115 Bnrigs Pressure Diark Horse Situation Good By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor PHILADELPHIA With the praises of Wendell Willkie ringing m their ears from a powerful sound truck on a street below Iowas delegates to the national republi can convention assembled in cau cus at Hotel Philadelphia Sunday lught and repledged themselves ID stick to Col Hanford MacNidci s candidacy as long as he is in the picture The Hawk eye delegation like every other one here has been under enormous pressure to break ranks The timing of the loud speaker blast lor the New York utilities magnate Sunday night was typical of the tech niques being employed in that camp Dewey methods are a bit more subtle but not necessarily less effective Discussion during the Iowa cau cus turned for a moment to the question What shall be our course if our candidate in the event MacNidci doesnt gain strength after the first bailor Well cross that bridge when we come to it somebody sug gested and there was unanimous icquiescence by the delegates Whether Dewey or Willkie would have the greater strength m such an event was an open question Some lowans were out spoken in their objection to high pressure tactics by IVill Among newspaper observers in he press gallery here at conven ion hall Monday morning con ensus seemed to be that the nom nation remains as much up in the HANFORD MacNIDER air as at any time Taft was con ceded to liave the most delegates going in but he was not regarded seriously It was doubted if cither Dewey or Willkie could rally enough strength in the early bal loting All in all the situation seemed to be one favorable fuia dark horse WENDELL WILIK1E Win Jowans Program PHILADELPHIA is the program for Mondays first sessions of the republican national convention Call to order at S a m CST Singing of America Prayer the Rev Albert J Mc Cartney of Washington Welcoming address Mayor Rob ert L Lamberton of Philadelphia Roll call election of temporary officers selection of committees Recess until 7 p m CST Prayer Dennis Cardinal erty of Philadelphia Singing of Ballad For Ameri ca Keynote address Gov Harold i Stassen of Minnesota Explosion Occurs in Bucharest Munitions Plant Quake Blamed BUCHAREST unde termined number of soldiers were killed Monday oy an explosion in a munitions depot in a Bucharest suburb Fire which followed the explo sion raced through a nearby mili tary camp Rumania however was shaken by two earthquakes Monday and the first was believed responsible for the explosion Attempts to Organize Resistance to Nazis in French Empire By WALLACE CARROLL LONDON UR Withdrawing all recognition from the French Bordeaux government Great Bri tain sought Monday to organize resistance to Germany and Italy throughout the French empire with its 66000000 people and among Frenchmen in foreign coun tries under a new French national committee formed as a govern ment in exile Britain published officially Sunday night what It said was a summary of the drastic armistice terms which the Petain govern ment had accepted from Ger many providing for occupation of half the country including all the coast and submission of Hie great French navy to Ger manItalian control Immediately afterward Gen Charles de Gsulle former Frenri undersecretary of war in a broad cast to the French empire an nounced the formation of a Freud national committee in this country lo look after French interests un ul victory had been assured Britain followed this with statement withdrawing recognilioi from the Bordeaux governmen and announcing that it would dea with the new national commute in all matters concerning cution oE the war Gen Eugene Mittelhauser com mandmg the formidable Frenc army in the near east broadcas heha cided to fight mi and that th French high commissioner to Svii agreed with him It was believed that Prime niniister Winston Churchill might disclose in a speech in the house of commons Tuesday Ihe fate of the French fleet and the prospect of aid to the British empire from French colonial forces Announcing a summary of the German armistice terms the miii stry of information said that tlie French had put forward some rel atively important amendments and that some of these had been ac cepted but that substantially the icrms included cessation of hos inties French troops in occupied erritory to lay down their arms to occupy desis nated territory including about half the country and all the At lantic coast naval military and air forces to be demobilized and disarmed exceptfor a force to preserve order may demand the surrender of artillery tanks anti tank weapons service aircraft in fantry armament tractors and muni lions in unoccupied territory other war materials in unoccupied territory to be stored under Ger man or Italian ture of war materials in unoccu pied territory to stop at once and coast defenses in occupied territory to be handed over in good conditions with their armaments plans of fortifications and particulars of mine fields French fleet except that part left free lo safeguard French interests in the colonial empire shall be collected av ports to be specified demo bilized and disarmed under Ger man control The German gov ernment solemnly declares that it has no intention of using for its own purposes during the war the French fleet standing at ports un der German control except those units necessary for coast surveil lance and minesweeping Except for that part to be determined of the fleet destined for protection of colonial interests all ships out side French territorial waters must be recalled to France to take no hostile action with its remaining armed forces Members of the armed forces will not leave French soil No material is to be con veyed to Britain No French man is to serve against Ger many in the service of other powers French merchant shipping to leave har bor Resumption of commercial traffic to be subject to previous authorization of the German and Italian governments Merchant ships outside France to be re in Battling Axis Powers HOME JP Frances envoys signed Italys armistice terms late Monday making effective the GermanFrench armistice paet for ending hostilities in France and leaving Britain alone to fight the axis powers Hostilities in France are lo cease at a m Tuesday n m C S T Monday The signatures of the French delegates on orders from their beaten government at Bordeaux were affixed at p m a m C S T The GermanFrench armistice signed Saturday in Compiegne for est in France provided that fighting must end six hours after the German high command was notified that France had for mally accepted Italys terms Such notification has been sent to the Germans Italy had been at war with France just 14 days The terms of the FrenchItalian armistice were not immediately made known They were signed after a con ference which lasted nearly four hours in the Villa Inchcsa 12 miles from Rome f The terms were presented at a brief session after which the French retired to study them and communicate with Bor deaux The armistice was signed while Italian and German troops were launching an offensive French Alpine troops from front and rear In Geneva Switzerland fascist sources said they understood Italy had demanded the right to mili tary occupation of Frances entire Mediterranean coast for the dura tion of the war with England and s ta be formed of N i c e Savoy and part of Unlike his axispartner Adolf Hitler who met the French dele gates at Compiegne Premier Mus solini was not present when the mission arrived here Bank of England Drops Dealings in France LONDON Bank of England Monday suspended deal ings in French francs Dealings in French bank notes will be con fined to bona fide refugees called or if that is not possible to go to neutral ports French airplanes lo leave the ground All foreign aircraft m unoccupied territory to be sur rendered Airdromes to be put under German or Italian control ports fortifications navy building yards and com munications includinr railroads roads telephones telegraphs and lighthouses to be left in their present stale materials repairs to he provided all French wireless transmitting station to riose down to facilitate trins ort of merchandise between Ger nany and Italy across unoccupied erritory to send refugees back to occupied territory to prevent transfer of valuables or stocks to unoccu pied territory or abroad to pay the cost of erman occupation troops prisoners of war o be released the French gov ernment to hand over all Ger nan subjects indicated by the 3erman government who arc in franco or French overseas tcrri ory French prisoners of war n German hands to remain so mtil the conclusion of peace XXIV The resent armistice is valid until the onclusion of a peace treatv It be denounced at any moment f the French government does not ulfill obligations The Latest From Two Leading News Fronts Day and Night on KGLO ee radio column on Page 2 or schedule of many news roadcasts covering the war SIGNS FASCIST PACT REDUCED MUCH IN AREA Cease Firing Order Issued Many French Attempting to Escape By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS France and Italy signed an armistice late Monday pre ceding the end of hostilities between the defeated French and the nazi1ascist axis powers The cease firing order ending Frances 10month participation in the war was officially set for a m Tuesdav p m CST Simultaneous German and Italian offensives had been launched against the front and rear of the French Alpine army in southern France Thousands of French poilus wore retreating toward Medi terranean ports seeking to escape to North Africa and carry on the fight from there r The axis dictated peace would find Germany occu pying all Frances western coast Italy the southern coast and the French re public itself in straight jacketed vassalage as a vir tual ally of German y against Britain reduced to onethird its former ter ritofy i Informed sources repotted that a protocol would be signed with Germany after thesigning of the Italian armistice winch would per mit the removal of the government and French military command trom Bordeaux Eight words were censored liere The armistice terms as pub lished in London gave the French lie right to return their capital to Paris or move to some oilier The last links with Britain ap parently were severed by the de parture ot British Ambassador Sir Ronald Hugh Campbell and the subsequent announcement from ondon that Britain could no onger recognize the French gov ernment at Bordeaux The announcement was received shortly after Premier Petain had ssued a sharp reply to a statement by British Prime Minister Chur chiJ expressing grief and amaze ment that France had accepted Germanys terms Petain declared that Churchill is not the judge of Frances best interests and even less can he judge French honor Even as Petain spoke the rem najits of lie French army fought o hold their shattered defense lines against Germans advancing on the north and Italians attack in on the south The statement all former members of the govern ment who fled the country and urged Frenchmen not to continue resistance by forming a factional government in London This apparently was m refer ence to the French national com mittee whose formation in Eng land uas announced Sunday night by Gen Charles DC Gaulle for mer imdcrsecretary of war in Premier fleynatids cabinet The statement attacker the present British failure to un derstand and claimed that ivhcn the French first advised the British they would have to seek an armistice Prime Min ister Churchill told Paul Kev nauri then premier thai Brit ain would understand In a seven page explanation the member of the government said We ask our friends in Ameri ca to try to understand Frances immense sadness We do not seek to hide the errors of our country We regret that certain mem bers of the British government criticize us unjustly We wish our English friends to respect our sad ness and examine their own con science The minister asserted that Bri tain before the war had prom send into France 26 divi ront and Republican conveni 1Jl i i Ist v sions some 390000 men during fiif u4uj ion at Philadelohio hostlties tead he declared while In WIIIL frattce I Kept men 48 years old Under arms ;