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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 23, 1955, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE T M I NIWSPAPIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NIIGHBOKS HOME EDITION VOL LXI VtUut Full Ceata Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JUNE 23 1955 Piper CoosliU of Two Omt Medical Experts Back Salk Serum 82 Pinay in Answer to Russ Says France Stands Firm SAN FRANCISCO Foreign Minister Antoine Pinay Thursday answered a Russian peace offensive with a pledge that France will remain a member in good standing of the North At lantic Treaty Organization Pinay gave this pledge in a speech delivered at the 10th anni versary meeting of the United Na tions His appearance was awaited with eager interest by a world wondering how the Big Four planned to cope with Russias latest diplomatic maneuver Soviet Foreign Minister Vyaches lav M Molotov launched the Rus sian peace offensive Wednesday on schedule In a 48minute speech he scolded the West for building up arms establishing military bases in foreign lands and taking other belligerent moves Ntxt He challenged the West to make the next move in ending the arms race and urged adoption of Soviet disarmament proposals made in London last month Pinay said immediately after hearing Molotovs speech I have heard the same speech at least 10 times It is always the same thing We are the bad ones and they are the good ones We want war and Russia wants Thursday he was more diplo matic He said in essence that re gional security arrangements such as NATO were vitally necessary as a defense against aggression in world that has not disarmed In the present world as long as a general and controlled dis armament has not become a real ity genuine security can be in sured only in the framework of regional agreements as provided for in the he said To be efficient such agree ments must include in times of peace machinery for military co operation designed to bring about a collective reaction should an ag gression No Cooperation He said all collective security League of Na between 1919 and 1939 because military cooperation was lacking I state it frankly and he said We must in my opinion give a free Germany the choice of her being associated to a system of reciprocal limitation and control of Secretary of State John Fos ter Dulles asked to comment on Molotovs speech said he would save my reactions for my own talk on Top Officials of Army Greet Gen Taylor at Capital WASHINGTON UP Gen Max well D Taylor arriving in Wash ington to become the new Army chief of staff was greeted cere moniously Thursday by top level officials of the Army Outgoing Army Secretary Robert T Stevens and outgoing Chief of Staff Gen Matthew B Ridgway were in cluded Taylor told newsmen the prob lems with which he expected to deal included determination of the proper role and contribtution of the Army to national defense Taylor said he just heard by radio while flying here Thursday morning of the resignation of Ste vens and the nomination of Wilber M Brucker to succeed him He said he regretted the depar ture of my old and respected friend Ridgway He also said that I regret the departure of Mr Bob Stevens my friend but welcome the opportunity of working with Mr Tot Dies Under Wheels of Mothers Auto MARENGO CrVlRobert DeSmet IS months was killed at his farm Lome near here Wednesday when run over by the car his mother was backing out of the garage The boy was the son of Mr and Mrs John DeSmet who live six miles north of Victor MCarthy Raps Senate Action WASHINGTON Senate buried under a 774 vote Wednesday an effort by Sen McCarthy to force Big Four discussion of Russias satellite states Sen Barkley DKy said Thursday That settles President does not need our advice in forth coming negotiations with the Prime Ministers of England France and Russia at Geneva in July McCarthy told newsmen rejection of his resolution was a great He promised to go right on talking about getting some Concessions from the Russians at e summit conference His resolution had the combined opposition of the Eisenhower ad ministration and of Senate leaders of both parties Sen Fulbright bitterly attacked by McCarthy in the stormy debate said he viewed AP Wirephoto THE FLY IS intent fisherman in pursuit of an elusive trout is President Eisenhower The Chief Executive is in New England for a week of touring nonpolitical speech making and of course a little fishing These photos were snapped in Furnace Brook at Pittsford Vt DubuqueWins Award FALSE CONFESSIONS Fischer Says Chinese Broke Down His Mind NEW Harold E Fischer says grilling by the Chinese Reds so reduced his mental powers that he falsely confessed to waging germ warfare The double jet ace from Swea City Iowa said he also had made a phony admission that he had been ordered to fly across the Yula Riverand over In a Life Magazine article Fischer said that after being day and night over and over week in and week out he was a men tality reduced to putty I believe been driven nearly out my mind and that vl had al together lost contact with Never doubt for a moment that the Communists can put a man in that condition given the time and right Fischer said have had years of ex perience with a multitude of hu man guinea Officer Fischer told of being questioned by a disagreeable Chinese offi cer named He wanted me to admit that I bad dropped germs on the Chinese and that I had been ordered to cross the Manchurian Fischer wrote I was grilled day and night over and over week in and week out and in the end to get Chong and his gang off my back I con fessed to both Fischer termed the charges ri diculous and added I never participated in germ warfare and neither did anyone else I was never ordered to cross the Yalu We hadstrict Air Force orders not to cross the border Became Angry I will not try to explain away so grave a mistake I will regret what I did in that cell the rest of my life But let me say this It was not really Harold E Fischer who signed that pa Fischer said he had deepseated pangs of conscience about the false confession later when his mind gradually returned to nor mal Then I became very angry and prayed to God that he would help me find a way to get back at the he related DES MOINES UP Dubuque won first plSce among the states Diggest cities in the allIowa Traf ic Safety Contest for 1954 director Frank B Ulish announced Thurs day Mason City placed third In its population class First second and third place winners in the six classifications of cities and towns included Population over Sioux City and Davenport Council Bluffs Mason City City Cedar Falls Marshalltown Lake Chero kee Webster City Bettendorf Le Mars Independ ence Iowa Falls Ulish said framed awards will be given to the mayors of the winning cities next month by Gov Leo A Hoegh in the governors office He added that awards also will be landed out at the same time to 37 Iowa cities with more than population which went fatality free in 1954 Capitol Bell Tower to Be Memorial to Sen Robert Taft WASHINGTON UP Plans to erect a milliondollar bell tower or carillon on the Capitol grounds as a memorial to the late Repub ican Sen Robert A Taft of Ohio were announced Thursday President Eisenhower and for mer President Hoover wrote Con gress urging that the carillon be accepted as a gift and that its erection on theCapitol grounds be authorized The tower to be paid for by contributions raised by the Robert A Taft Memorial Foundation would be 100 feet high 32 feet wide and 11 feet thick It would have 25 bells with provision for playing them manually or auto matically Hoover chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Taft Founda tion said a site northwest of the apitol across Constitution Ave nue had been recommended for the carillon Charge Ledyard Man With Selling Beer Illegally Ledyard cafe own er H B Frey was bound over in a justice of the peace office on bond this week on a charge of selling beer illegally Frey is charged with selling beer without a license and was bound over to the September term of district court SAME BUck fUf noni traffic itatk ta fast 24 Court Rules Passport Is Civil Right WASHINGTON Iff The Court of Appeals Thursday re jected the State Departments claim of exclusive control over is suance of passports The court ruled in a unanimous decision that the departments ac tions in passport cases are sub ject to judicial review and must conform to pr vision of the Fifth Amendment The court held that issuance of a passport is not a purely political matter involving foreign affairs If it were the court said it would not be subject to court review Natural Right The court said denial of a pass port causes a deprivation of lib erty that a citizen otherwise would It added The rightto travel to go from place to place as the tiieans of transportation permit is a natural right subject to the rights of oth ers and to reasonable regulation aader lav A restraint imposed by gov ernment of the United States upon this liberty therefore must con form with the provision of the Fifth Amendment that no person shall deprived without due process of Part of Liberty Chief Judge Henry W Edgerton in concurring with the decision written by Judge Charles Fahy said Freedomto leave a country or a hemisphere is as much a part as freedom to leave a The court said the power of the secretary of state in passport cases does not carry with it the right to its arbitrary The court ruledin the case of Max Shachtman of New York chairman of the Independent So cialist League which is on the at torney generals list as subversive and Communist Great Western Seeks Removal of Saturday Service on Route DES MOINES Iowa Com merce Commission has taken un der advisement the application oi the Chicago Great Western Rail road to discontinue Saturday pas senger service in Iowa on a Kansas CityMinneapolis route The service now is daily but the company Wednesday presented its case for making the service Sun day through Friday only The r road is to submit some exhibits later and objecting shippers and railroad brotherhoods are to file briefs The company based its request on increasing costs and declining revenues Although several objections were filed in advance of Wednesdays hearing only one person appeared to testify against the companys application The objector was a school teacher at Athelstan in Tay lor County who lives in St Joseph and commutes to and from Athelstan on weekends and Nehru Back Chinese Reds Ask Surrender of Formosa MOSCOW Premiers of Russia and India Thursday came out jointly for the surrender of Formosa to the Chinese Reds They also urged a seat for Communist China and a ban on atomic weapons The declaration was signed Wednesday night by Indias Prime Minister Nehru and Soviet Premier Bulganin and published this morn ing at the end of Nehrus 17day visit to the Soviet Union The statement contained little that the too men or their govern ments had not said before But it was the first time they had said it together Arms Control Nehru and Bulganin called also for a simultaneous and substan tial reduction of convention arma ments with effective interna tional They qited the re cent Soviet disarmament a substantial contribution to Nehru flew to Warsaw to spend three days before pushing on to Belgrade Vienna Rome and Lon don In addition to championing Red Chinas cause and echoing Rus sias disarmament ideas the dec Laration 1 Reaffirmed the five princi ples of international coexistence which Nehru drew up with Red Chinese Premier Chou Enlai at their conference last year and which Yugoslav President Tito later espoused 2 Urged full implementation of the Indochina armistice provisions calling for elections to unify North and South Viet Nam in July 1956 New Members 3 Called for admission to the of all states which are qualified for membership in terms of the 4 Noted signs of improvement in the general international situa tion and lessening of tension in the Far East but warned that the causes of friction still re mained in the Far East Red Chinas failure to get Formosa and a seat were the only causes cited Regarding China the two Prime Ministers said it was their ear nest hope that it will be pos sible by peaceful means to sat isfy the legitimate rights of the Chinese Peoples Republic in re gard to Taiwan Wednesdays action as a further confirmation of the vote to con demn Sen McCarthy last Decem Last Votes Recalling that the Senate had voted 6722 then to condemn some of McCarthys actions Fulbright said McCarthy Wednesday was down to his last four Those who voted with McCarthy were Republican Senators Jenner of Indiana Langer of North Da kota and Malone of Nevada The resolution would have asked President Eisenhower and Secre tary of State Dulles to obtain a preconference commitment from the Russians that they would dis cuss the status of their satellite states Lacking such a pledge the resolution would have put the Senate on record as opposing the conference He told Sen Knowland of Cali fornia the Senate GOP leader he was surprised shocked and dis appointed at Knowlands opposi tion to the resolution When McCarthy went on to as sert that the Democratic record was one of whining and whimper ing over the Communist question Knowland fifed back heatedly thai he was not whining and whimper Very Disappointed McCarthy repliedhe didnt say that But he told Knowland he was extremely disappointed that you who have been a leader until recently in what he termed the fight against Communism should oppose the resolution When Sen Capehart RInd undertook to question him Mc Carthy several times told him to be quiet while I answer your There are some of us here who have the courage to be with you when you are right but in this instance you are Cape hart fired back About The Weather Mason City Fair and mild Iowa Continued fair Minnesota Clear cool Globe Gazette weather data up to 8 Thurs day Maximum 77 Minimum 48 At 8 69 YEAR AGO Maximum 81 Minimum 55 FAIR AP Wirephoto HUNTED Ramon R e m i n e Greenville has been iden tified by the FBI as the man who held up and robbed the Mount Auburn Iowa bank last week No trace of Remine and the he took has yet been found Koenig Found Shot Body Stuffed in Car EAST ST LOUIS II lice Wednesday night found the body of J Fred Koenig convicted black marketeer and onetime St Louis politician stuffed in the trunk of his new Cadillac He apparently had been slain elsewhere and then jammed into the trunk Koenigs slaying followed by little more than a month May 17 shooting here in which the cars of Birney T Chick Havey and Kenneth Mueller were riddled with bullets Mueller was wounded in this shooting Havey and Mueller friends of Koenig were former associates of Frank Buster Wortman an exconvict and reputed boss of the rackets in area Koenigs body was found after police dents of the area about car being parked on the street with blood on the trunk He had been shot in the head and chest There were reports that 48yearold Kocnig had been al lotted some bookmaking tele phones by a race betting syndi cate and these were later taken away causing Koenig to com plain of being Ideas of SabinAre Defeated Inoculations to Continue Navy Patrol Bomber Crashes in Alaska FAIRBANKS Alaska Navy patrol bomber crashed on remote 3t Lawrence Island in the Bering Sea Wednesday and Air Force Hers reported they spotted four injured men near the wreckage It was not known here whether any other men were aboard Ar rangements were being made to send rescue crews to the scene BONUSES FOR HEROES WASHINGTON UP House has passed and sent to the Senate a bill to give each of the 395 living Medal of Honor winners a month for life They now get a month after age 65 AP Wirephoto SOVIETINDIA ACCORD Prime Minister Nehru left and Soviet Premier Bulganin initial the joint declaration by their two countries calling for a ban weapons and a seat for Red China Nehru is in Moscow for an extended WASHINGTON panel of medical experts voted 82 Thurs day to continue the present pro r a m of inoculating youngsters vith the Salk polio vaccine The vote was taken at a meet ng of the medical men before a louse Commerce Subcommittee In addition to those present and voting there was a letter from Dr William B Hammon of the Uni ersity of Pittsburgh who was not present favoring a halt to the pro pram Counting it the vote was 83 Four of the 14 panel members wesent did not vote on the contro versial question which was raised by Dr Albert Sabin of the Chil drens Hospital Research Founda ion Cincinnati who said the pres ent vaccine is potentially too dan gerous for use Among those present Sabin drew support only from Dr John F Enders of the Childrens Hos pital Boston Among those voting to keep the program going was Dr James A Shannon associate director of tha National Institutes of Health Be thesda and Dr Thomas Francis of the School of the Public Health of the University of Michigan bne of the leading forces in getting the Salk vaccine pro gram under way Silk Dtclints Dr Jonas E Salk developer of the vaccine elected not to vote He said he regarded himself as an investigator and did not wish to get involved in the table vote which was asked by Rep Wolverton Dr Sabin expressed the view Wednesday that inoculations should be suspended and vaccine manufacture halted until a less virulent strain of polio virus was substituted for that now used At that time Dr Thomas M Rivers of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research New York said it would be tragic if we topped Dr Salk expressed no opinion at the hearing but later told news men tie saw no reason for halting he present program However he said his vaccine might eventually be developed along the lines Dr Sabin suggested Voting with Francis and Shan non for continuing the inoculation program were Dr Rivers Dr Dan iel Bergsma New Jersey commis sioner of health Dr Joseph E Smadel Army medical services Case Load Dips WASHINGTON polio cases reported over the nation last week dropped to 266 front 300 in week before It was the lowest total for com parable week since 1951 graduate school Walter Reed Army Center Washington Dr Colin MacLeod BellevUe Medical Center New York Dr Frank L Horsfall RockefellerInstitute for Medical Research and Horace L Hodes pediatrician in chief Mount Sinai Hospital New York After this vote the panel gave unanimous backing to the view by Dr Sabin that attenuated weak ened strains of polio virus should be substituted as soon as practical for the more virulent strain now used in making the vaccine Sabin had argued that the Mahoney vi rus now used is too unpredictable for safety Many There were many qualifications imposed by the medical experts in their dramatic poll including sev eral statements that such a poll cannot be considered too strongly since it represents only a small crosssection of medical experts Several of the doctors said too they would favor using an attenu ated virus only if the vaccine proved as potent in producing pro tection against polio as does the present vaccine Shannon replying to Sabins crit icism of the safety of the present vaccine said the present vaccine is sufficiently safe for added The risk from using the vaccine is is much less than the risk of someones getting polio by the ordinary ;