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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 23, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY wuiw MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JUNE 23 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS Of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 218 GAP IN SEVASTOPOL FRONT CLOSED Yanks Join RAF in Bombing Axis at Bengasi STRONG ENEMY FORCES MOVING TOWARD EGYPT Rommel Expected to Attack British Eighth Army at Border Soon CAIRO U S air corps cooperating with the Royal Air Force heavily bombed the main axis Libyan base of Bengasi a communique disclosed Tuesday but front line messages reported strong enemy Jorces moving across the desert against Egypt Despite effective allied aerial attacks it was reported that marshal Erwin Rommel had pushed important units eastward alone the Mediterra nean coastal road from cap tured Tobruk past Gambul and in the direction of Bardla These operations in the last 24 hours strengthened belief that Rommel would waste no time in resuming the battle against the British eighth army on the Egyp tian frontier Military sources said however that it was likely the enemy would attempt to avoid a headon assault on the Sollum Hellfire pass fortifications Instead it was believed Rommel would attempt to pierce the fron tier line well south of the coast in the hope of enveloping th main British forts The XI S air corps operations over Libya we re the first desert attacks by American flyers American B24 bombers which carry four tons of bombs and are known as Liberators to the British joined with the RAF in a heavy raid on the axis Libyan base of Bengasi on Sun day night causing many fires damaging railway sidings and harbor moles the communique said The operations of the American planes under command of Col H A Halverson of Iowa were against supply lines of Nai Mar shal Erwin Rommel who massing his forces for a quick offensive against Egypt At the same time RAF tor pedo planes attacked an enemj convoy of two medium sized merchantmen escorted by de stroyers and scored hits on one merchantman the communique said The attack on Bengasi involvec a 300mile flight from Egypt over enemy territory to strike at the main axis supply base for Libya while RAF pilots in British am Americanbuilt planes were ham mering at enemy forces closer to the Egyptian border W Previously the United Slates army bombers had joined with the RAF over the Mediterran ean in an attack on th Italian fleet which put out from Taranto in a vain effort to in tercept a British convoy prior to the fall of Tobruk The Ital ians were turned back and 35 hits were scored on two battle ships by the Americans American B24 bombers also had been in action in the Black sea area four of them landing in Turkey after reportedly bomb ing the Rumanian oil fields Tuesdays middle east head quarters communique gave no in dication that the axis drive to ward the Suez was underway bu front reports said Rommel wa massing large forces in the inva sion area including a star Ger man parachutist corps whtci sided in the capture of Tobruk A military commentator ir London said Rommel was ex pected to launch an attack mo mentarily if he has not already British middle east headquar ters reported that imperial mo bile forces were active Mon day in the Libyan area south of Fort Capuzxo and that slight enemy activity was noted in the frontier area during the day Circumstantial statements tha Rommel used parachutists of th picked force of Lieut Gen Kur Student long based in Crete against Tobmk increased anxi cty here and hardened belief tha the axis forces would lose no tim in pressing their attack agains the new British line on the Egyp tianLibyan border RECORD ARMY SUPPLY BILL IS SENT TO HOUSE 42 Billion Dollar Measure Would Finance Army of 4500000 W A S H I NGTON S42 820003603 army supply bill argest in sent to he house by its appropriations committee Tuesday to finance an army with a strength of 4500000 by July 1 1943 and to send war material io other united nations Representative Snyder D CONSOLIDATED B24 BOMBER OF TYPE WHICH JOINED IN RAID ON BENGASI U SBOMBERS AID CHINESE Critical But Slightly Improved Outlook Is Reported by China By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Giant fourmotored U S army bombers winging 500 miles across one of the worlds toughest flying routes were reported bolstering eneralissirno Chiang KaiSheks armies in China Tuesday amid in dications of a slightly improved but still critical outlook on the Chinese fighting front The Japanese have taken a number of cities from us a Chinese army spokesman said referring to the campaign in east China But our troops are penetra ting the enemy flank and rear and the battle is anything but decisive despite preposterous enemy claims The spokesman said that Chi nese troops had stopped Japanese invasion columns along vital routes in Kwangturig and Kiangsi provinces and that even with ve inforcemcns brought up from the South seas the enemy had been unable to narrow the 50mile gap held by the Chinese along the strategic Chckiang Kiangsi rail way The spokesman said a Japanese move to invade the coastal prov ince of Fukien from Kiangsi had also been frustrated But the Chinese again appealed for more arms and it appeared that the call was being heeded on a rising scale Dispatches from New Delhi India said huge American army bombers medium bombers fighters and freighters were moving now from India to China despite the increasing fun of the monsoon rains and the alert ness of Japanese fighter squad rons In Burma These dispatches said the planes through fog and storm dodging Jap fighters skirtiny poorlycharted mountain peaks and skimming jungles infested with tigers and were delivering supplies and aerial striking power to the sorely pressed Chinese armies who never have had an adequate air force to combat the invaders Inquiry Hits Profits Big Salaries in War Contracts INTRODUCED BY JACOBSEN WASHINGTON JP Repre sentative William S Jacobsen DIowa introduced a bill to create a federal rubber supply agency to increase the supply of rubber manufactured from alco hol produced from agricultural or forest products Soldier Is on Alert in Egypt Committee Charges Extravagant Waste Shown by Investigation WASHINGTON house military committee reported Tues day it had uncovered evidence revealing a sordid picture ot excessive commissions by brok ers profits by vendors exorbi lant salaries bonuses and huge fees for management and related services in many war depart ment contracts Tlie report prepared by Chair man Andrew J May D after a year of investigation rec ommended that a curb be put on contracts awarded on a costplus afixedfee basis Nearly every conceivable type of extravagant waste has been reflected by these investi gations the committee said adding that the time has come when he contractors honey moon at the expense of the tax payers of the nation must end Promising a continuance of its iirmiry the committee com mented that unbelievable red tape top heavy organization and a lack of orientation to a state of war still lead the parade in wartime Washington The committee found fault with virtually every branch of the war department especially the air corps The committee said it felt the time has come to call a halt to the further use of costplusafixed fee contracts ond reccmmends that they be banned except in unique cases Under this type of contract it said the incentive towards extravagance and disregard for economy appears to have been the rule rather than the excep tion There has been evidence of widespread and inexcusable waste of public funds amount ing to millions of dollars if This type of contract per mitted excessive personnel ex orbitant salaries and led to the refusal on the part of contractors to sublet specialty contracts when they were totally unprepared either to plan or excute them Evidence of reckless expenditures under fixedfee contracts par ticularly in the air corps branch continues to increase in the com mitfee files While H is true that the para mount consideration of every American is the winning of the war the committee continued and while it is truethat victory must be achieved regardless of the cost this docs not mean thai there is a go ahead signal for the spending of American dollars wiih abandon Criticizing what it said was a tendency on the part of the ad ministration to create new boards bureaus and commis sions the committee commented that whenever a new or varied problem is presented a new commission board committee or agency is usually created Blaming the administration the congress and the public generally for the shortage of some mater ials now needed the committee said too much emphasis had been placed on social reforms rather than national security and our experts in industries and gov ernment have been fnr loo com placent in allowing us in the past Io have no fear of a shortage if war should come It added We have persisted in using out moded methods purchasing while the axis powers were adopt ing a realistic approach The committee commended Jesse Jones RFC chairman and head of the Rubber Reserve com pany for pushing the synthetic rubber program and said Joness contribution to the program has been grossly underestimated More effective methods of con trol of shipping by the maritime commission or other governmenl agencies were not considered necessary until far too late a date the committee said The maritime commission has failed to provide adequately for the move ment of strategic raw materials by use of the tonnage actually or potentially under its control attitude ot the Straits York shipping conference well as that of the British lines engaged in this trade in prevent ing or delaying the use of non conference tonnage available to move rubber from the far east in February of this year canno be too stxongly condemned The committee said efforts these shipowners to retain co trol of the rubber traffic un questionably added to the ship ping difficulties and reduced the amount of rubber actually deliv ered to this country A note of cheer was sounded in a section dealing with aviation After relating how American made planes had proved their ability in actual combat the com mittee said production of planes was progressing satisfactorily and the production schedules rig orous as they are for this year and next will be met and fulfilled by American ingenuity and industry Churchill and F R Discuss Ship Problem WASHINGTON Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill of Britain centered their attention Tuesday on the vital problem of shipping as they went ahead with the mapping ot plans for tile united nations war strate gy They summoned shipping ex perts of the two governments to a white house conference which was described as one of the most important of the series the chief executive and prime minister have been holding for the last five days The while house permitted the disclosure also that Mr Roose velt and Mr Churchill had con ferred Monday with Dr T V Soong Chinas foreign minister who lias been in this country for some time Presidential Secretary ff nailman Stephen Early said it was quite of the appropriates subcom an extended conference in charge of thebill as chairman riations subi war expenditures told A hclmctcd Egyptian soldier operates the gunners sights on an antiaircraft battery near Cairo The war in Africa moved closer to Egypt with ttic axis capture of the Libyan port of Tobruk which had been held by British forces Board Meets to Study Fate of State Fair DES MOINES Iowa State Fair board met here Tuesday at the caI of its president J P Mullen of Fonda to consider the fate of the 1942 exposition Mul len said the meeting was being held to consider the request or suggestion of Mr Eastman and Mr Wicknrd to discontinue fairs in the fense interest of national dc Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued unsea sonably low temperatures Tues day afternoon Tuesday and Wednesday forenoon night IOWA Continued cool Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon MINNESOT A Continued cool Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon scattered light frost west and north portions Tues day night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 69 Minimum Monday night 44 At 8 a m Tuesday 56 YEAR AGO mittee on newsmen The only safe thing for the nation is to assume that this war is going to last five years it least imci then hope pray and work to cut that period The measure amounted in it self to more than this countrys direct outlay for the World war and would huostto 039537 the total authorized or appropriated for defense and war in the last three years The committee explained the necessity for the expenditures by quoting Lieutenant General J T McNarney the armys deputy chief of staff The war department regards our present situation as the most critical which this country has ever encountered The omnibus measure provided 312700000000 for financing war material for the united nations bringing to the to tal of lendleasc aid thus far ap proved by congress V It included 511310898910 for 23550 planes and spare parfs Army chiefs and the committee joined in assurinjr congress that the allotment would complete the war depart ments part of President Koose velts production program rail ing for fiOOOO planes this year and 1Z5000 in 1943 W The committee reported that voluntary refunds by war con tractors and renegotiation of con ricts had raised the prospects of arge economies amounting at his stnse to approximately 137flOpBOO This the report snid re lects the zeal of the war depart ment o mainlain profits at fair evels and it reflects the high type of men running the plants ipon which we are so largely de pendent for the production of mu nitions In a transcript of carefully edited testimony made public by he committee General McNarney Jcclarcd that the armys every effort is being directed to making our power felt by offensive ac 1011 in consonance with the ac cepted basic strategy of the united nations f V It Is extremely difficult to plan with precision he told the committee Events wiil no doubt alter our plans in the fu ture just as they have in the past There is however one error which we must avoid at all costs and this is the error of undcrcstimatiuff the task ahead of us He reported the enemys most effective weapons at the outset of the war were the ahplanc and the submarine and added that the army was concentrating on developing counter tiaircraft nnd submarine weap ons and an increase in the use of camouflage and smoke screens back from a conference with Britains war chiefs Lieut General B B Somervcll in charge of the services of supply outlined in detail the armys needs as it grows from an enlisted strength of 2800000 at present to 4500000 in another 12 months Much of Iiis testimony was stricken from the transcript for reasons of military secrecy hut he told the commitlee that since equipment must be planned at least a year in ad vance the slrenffths must be based upon our maximum capabilities of manpower pro duction and shipping in order to avoid providing too little too late CLAIM ADVANCE BY NAZIS NEAR CITY IS HALTED Russian Communique Indicates Situation Improved in Crimea M 0 S C O W The gallant defenders of Sevastopol have closed the gup the Germans made in their northern sector two days ago stopping the nazi advance the soviet army newspaper Red Star said Tuesday The Germans have reached so viet forward positions but they have not penetrated their depth defenses Reel Star said The first soviet communique Tuesday said that nothing of importance occurred OK he front from Leningrad to the Crimea Tuesday night indi cating not only that the situa tion had Improved at Sevasto pol but that the renewed Ger man drive on the Kharkov uas making no progress The subject was of course China in a military sense Early said The presidential secretary said that Tuesdays major parley will be on the subject of shipbuilding and ship use 11 was he said the meeting wns one ot the most fcns nftcl a twoday battle into important yet held which they poured fresh divisions of tanks against the numerically inferior Russians Red Star said the Germans pierced Sevastopols northern de Maximum Minimum FU 56 Meeting ivith the president and prime minister were Harry L Hopkins a principal adviser to Ihc president in the field of sup plies Rear Admiral Emory S Land head of the war shipping administration and cochairman of the combined AngloAmerican shipping board Sir Arthur Sailer British chairman of the board Lewis W Douglas deputy war shipping administrator Rear Ad miral Howard L Vickery the maritime commissions ship con struction authority Admiral Sir Charles Little member of the AngloAmerican combined chiefs of staff and Admiral J W Dor ling British admiralty supply representative Admiral Ernest J King commantlerinchiet of the United States fleet and Vice Ad miral S M Robinson duet of the navys office of procurement ami materials The announcement of this list nf conferees was the first time the irliile house had permitted any disclosure of the specific in dividuals with whom Mr Roose velt and Mr Churchill were consulting Provision of adequate shipping plus adequate protection for that shipping would be a primary ele ment in perfecting any united na tions plans for taking the offen sive and opening a second battle front in Europe Tiie regular Tuesday afternoon press conference was canceled and Early repeated a statement of Monday that the Roosevelt Churchill consultations had not yet reached the point where they would be ready to discuss them in detail But he a final state ment still might be expected after the conferences have ended BRITISH AGAIN ATTACK EMDEN Declare Strong Raid on German North Sea Port Was Successful LONDON giant bombing planes hurled hundreds of tons of bombs on Germanys naval base of Emden during the night in their third attack in four nights on that North sea port The entire attack by an esti mated 250 to 300 plane took less than an hour the air ministry said in a communique No official disclosure was made of the strength of the Britisl bombing fleet except that it was strong and the raid was successful The weather was clear apart from aslight ground haze and well placedXflares gave valuable help in the identification of targets the communique said In addition to bombing Emdcn the Royal Air Force attacked air fields in Holland and Belgium and fighter planes of the intruder force attacked air fields and oilier ob jectives in northern occupied France NAMED MODERATOR AMES Rev Joseph M Kcnncry of Nevada Iowa was named moderator of the Presby terian synod of Iowa at the annual meeting in session here STATE FAIR IS CANCELED DES MOINES board canceled the 1942 Iowa state fail Tuesday This was the ap which had been closed Though the Germans still were furiously assaulting Sevastopols defenses and sacrificing their im mense strength Red Stnr said they had not made further progress after the Russians slagcd their vally The onslaught was uiuhatcd on other sectors too and re peated in their 11th bclnff repulsed but Red emphasized that the situation still was Brave Obviously however it was not as critical as whcir the assault on the northern defenses was Kiiniiiff Tiie main battle was going on around an undisclosed inhabited point where enemy Monday tried to turn soviet defenses but beaten off with severe losses Red Star said There particularly severe fighting Monday on tlie northern and southern sectors of the Sevas topol front contributing further to the price ot 10000000 soldiers and officers the soviet information bureau said lie Germans had paid killed wounded and captured for a years campaign in Russia Five German attacks supported by tanks were repulsed by Rus sian artillery radio Moscow said Several tanks were destroyed more were damaged and fresh erman corpses Uttered the bat tlefield Reports reaching London from Stockholm said German flamc throw detachments were assault ing Sevastopols inner defenses One unconfirmed report said tiie Germans and Sevastopols gnllant garrison and civilian pop ulation sworn to die Io the last soul were fighting handtohand with tlie nnzis within the city Bitter fighting raged north and south of the Sevastopol river Stockholm dispatches said and tlie nrcn north of the Sivornaya river was reported in German hnncis Mondays midnight soviet com munique revealed the renewal of the German drive on the Kharkov front 350 miles north of Sevastopol The drive was understood to be aimed at re capturing four villages but thus far it had been in vain The communique said an infantry attack was repulsed and 200 Germans killed London observers thought the new German drive was part or a diversionary offensive by whicn Generalissimo Adolf Killer hoped to tie up Marshal Semyon Timo shcnkos forces and protect his northern flank while the Germans nltcmptecl a quick thrust around the hove of the Sea of Azov to the oil fields nf the Caucasus This drive probably would brt in conjunction with a thrust across Kerch strait The Germans iraist have brought np heavy reinforcements London observers believed be cause the Russians have inflicted heavy losses on them in the last four NAZIS CLAIM DEEP GAINS IN DEFENSES BERLIN From German Broad gains into the bitterly defended fortification sys tem of Sevastopol were reported Tuesday by the high command which said numerous bunkers have been smashed in heavy handtohand fighting under the most difficult terrain conditions The daily war bulletin said the Russians had been reptilsed in a local attempt to land on the north coast the Sea of Azov for a foothold into the flank of the German position in the Ukraine ;