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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, June 22, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 22, 1945, Mason City, Iowa r NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL Aaocdatcd Pros and Halted Press Full Lasti Wlrw Centi Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JUNE 22 1915 Paper Consists of Two NO a o t I fl I ri 5 for wa cai th ar all ba St ca Superforts Raid Japanese Arsenal HOME TOWN WELCOMES EISENHOWER These are the familiar scenes that General of the Army Dwight D Eisenhower saw when he arrived in Abilene Kans his home town Friday following the welcome given him in Washington and New York City Though the town boasts only close to 6000 residents the welcome to their conquer ing hero was no less rousing than that of the great eastern cities The generals home in shown top left Callahans confectionary lower left is where hell catch up on the towns doings from Jonah Callahans standing and Ed Crawford Dr F M Worjey W E Freeman and Chefc Hutchinson seated left to right with whom he went to school The home folk paraded down Main street top fight immediately upon their honored guests arrival at the town depot bottom right which was painted and cleaned for the homecoming Chinese Storm Vital Airfield JAS EXPECTED Less Than 1 200 Troops Left to Defend Base Chungking Chinese troops stormed the Liuchow airfield Fri day and a spokesman for the high command said the enemy was ex pected to evacuate the former American base any time now A communique reported that the Chinese columns attacking the airfield already had inflicted con siderable casualties on the enemy The spokesman said the Japanese left less than 1200 troops as a holding force He predicted the base would be taken after a brief battle The big airfield at Liuchpw abandoned by the U S 14th air force Nov 11 1944 is on the out skirts of the city Chinese forces stormed the field to climax a sen sational drive in which they closed in on Xjuchow from 3 di rections Two columns joined forces at a point 6 miles south west of Iju chow and they were the nearest to the airfield atlast reports Fridays Chinese communique also reported that Chinese forces battling to break the Japanese counteroffensjve along the Kiang siKwantung border have reached the vicinity of Lungnan The Chinese also captured Ta tang in southern Kiangsi prov ince and claimed that the Japa nese in that area were retreating to the northwest Ike Home in Kansas ts Bitx Welcome Kim Abilene Kans Dwight DEisenhower he who led American boys to victory over Germany basked Friday in the adula ion of his fellow Kansans Home from the wars for the first time in 4 years Ike Eisenhower ince more became jost one of those fine Eisenhower of went ont into world to make their widely dif T i T r rresident Iruman rays Allies Seize Complete File of German Air Reconnaissance Photos Berchtessaden 101s airborne division it was revealee Friday has located and seized 300 huge wooden packing cases con taining the luftwaffes completi air photo reconnaissance record of the war The find comprises hundreds o thousands of photographs taken from before the start of the war until almost the end It was To cated in an old salt well in the basement of an Alpine farm house The records are in first clas shape and are expected to be o highest interest to the allied com mand both air and ground forces which now is in a position to de tennine how effectively the nazi able to detect allied concen trations movements and stron points from the air The luftwaffe records are th latest in a collection of insid Germany material which ha been gathered by security details of the 101st airborne Bay your War Bonds am Stamps from your GIobeGazelt carrier boy rent marks All the Eisenhower boys have won respected positions in their chosen fields And it was for the entire Eisenhower family al hough symbolized by the lad who eft off herding cows to corral Abilene staged its big est celebration Friday This town of 5400 was claim ng its most famous son to the tune of a turnout of 50000 from over the Kansas plains that then known by his middie name of roamed He spent ns boyhood on his parentsnear sy ranch On the program was a mile ione parade of floats depicting he generals early life and the listery of Dickinson county eow Joys steers bulls sheep hogs and wheat intended to that the townsfolk here abouts havent forgotten that these are what IkeEisenhower believes most worthwhile In a preliminary greeting a crowd of more than 3000 roared its delight andenthusiasm for Eisenhower and his deeds as fus special train rolled in from Kansas City Thursday night Ike brought with him his 83 year old mother Mrs Ida Eisen hower with whom he was re united in Kansas City Thursday Slightly HI from the hot sun under which she sat during ceremonies in the Missouri city she was taken at once to her home With the thouthtfalness he learned as a farm boy well taught In parental devotion and the will ness ah Gen Eisenhower ricked the Abilene welcoming throne He took his mother from the train by way of the next to the last coach instead of the last as had teen planned Thus he avoided the milling crowd as he hurried his mother off toward home in a waiting car This tactic out ol the way Ike rejoined his wife Mrs Mamie Eisenhower and his 4 brothers also in the party which met him at Kansas City They walked toward the greeting committee and Ike began pumping arms Bet to Governor Olympia Wash Truman paid Gov Mon C Wall gren of Washington when he arrived It wasnt board money though When this visit was arranged Sen Magnuson D Wash told reporters Mon bet with the president that his governors man sion quarters would be as nice as those assigned white house guests Well the president took one look and paidoff Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and warm Friday night and Saturday Iowa Fair and warm through Saturday Minnesota Fair andwarmer Fri day night Saturday partly cloudy with thunder showers and cooler northwest portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 80 Minimum Thursday 54 At 8 a m Friday 66 YEARAGO Maximum 84 Minimum 64 LABOR BLASTS AFLCIQUMW Join in Protest Washington UR Organized abor Friday blasted the B2H1 abor relations bill as a straight acket for labor designed to rob poor and further enrich the ich the American Federation of abor the Congress of Industrial Irganizations and the United line Workers united in condemn ng the measure It would amend he Wagner labor relations act nd drastically revise the machln ry now embodied in the national abor relations board the war abor hoard and the labor de partments conciliation service The bill is being sponsored in he senate by Sens Carl A Hatch D N M Harold H Burton R Ohio and Joseph H Ball H Minn How Sens Hatch Ball and Burton amassed the effrontery to assault common sense and rea ch forget American concepts and principles and introduce a cleverly designed ripper bill vhich would decapitate and rape he Wagner act the La Guardia Norris antilabor injunction act and regiment American workers through the medium of compul sory arbitration is more than we De Marigny to Pacific Montreal de Mar igny who has been residing Canada since last March following his acquittal two years ago in Nas sau Bahamas on a charge of mur der in the death of Sir Harry Oakes his fatherinlaw has vol unteered toserve in the Pacific theater and will report for induc tion next Monday military au thorities said HIGH GERMAN WAR CRIMINAL HEARINGS SOON Big 4 to Begin Talks on Trial Plans Early Next Week British Say London British for eign office announced Friday that the Big 4 powers would open dis cussion early next week on plans for the trial of Germanys arch war criminals A responsible American source told of a United States plan to Prosecute the major war crimi nals at a mass trial before win ter The British foreign office com mentator said the purpose the 4power discussion would be that of drafting a list oj the major war criminals and settling questions involving the procedure of the court which is to try them The American source reportec IT S authorities were ready if necessary to go ahead alone with the prosecution unless an agree ment is reached soon among the big powers on the method to be adopted But the United States possesses a potent argument for obtaining a quick has the cus tody of a great majority of tbi arch criminals The United States delegation i was said was relying heavily on the KelloggBriand pact outlaw ing aggressive war to support it charge of mass conspiracy The American plan for a mas trial unprecedented in histqrj would together fiefen dants under a blanket conspirac charge those accused of being re sponsible for starting World wa II including nazi governmen leaders top nazi military chief German industrialists and diplo mats SS and gestapo leader Lesser nazis would be brought i as witnesses Jnprecedented Surrenders of Jap Survivors Mark Final Days on Okinawa Guam surrenders in unprecedented numbers narked the final phase of the conquest Okinawa as American roops Friday thrust into the last 2 dying pockets resistance on that new U S base 325 miles from Japan and 400 miles from The campaign for this position for future attacks on the enemy was the costliest of any ingle island for both sidesin the entire war in the central or west ern Pacitic Adm Chester W Nimilz who announced that organized resist ance was at an end after 82 days if bitter fighting said Friday that lapanese casualties through Wed nesday totalled 90401 killed and more than 4000 captured On the ast day Thursday many Japan ese threw themselves into the sea Nimitz said so that the final toll will be increased The cost to American ground orces through Tuesday was 6990 tilled or missing and 29598 wounded These were divided among the army with 4417 dead or missing and 17033 wounded and the marines with 2573 dead or missing and 12565 wounded American naval casualties last were announced as totalling 4270 Icilled or missing and 4171 wound ed from March 18 through May 24 Many these were in the Okin awa campaign where the navy suffered from Japanese kamikaze suicide air attacks but they also included the strike against the Japanese fleet in the Inland sea March 18 The Tokyo radio claimed with out confirmation that Japanese suicide planes in attacks Monday and Tuesday in Okinawan waters had sank 2 cruisers or destroyers damaged a third 1 It waspblnted putthat Japanese naval notincluded in the Okinawa list although the Japanese by conservative estimate lost at least 3500 dead in the In land sea battle alone For comparative purposes of ground forces against ground forces 13 Japanese were killed for every American killed or missing Marshall Promises Speedy End to War Baruch Urges Control of German Industry MARSHALL AFTEK O K IN A W then American invasion forces may strike at Amami 2nd largest of the Ryukyu group according to some observers Amami is 182 miles south of the lap homeland U S Superforts contlnne to bomb key Jap cities on hoine islands can understand a UMW state ment said AFL President William Green declared that in the 18 months he bill has heert in preparation was never even consulted about the provisions and in fact never saw a copy of the measure before H was These circumstances indicate an antidemocratic and hostile at titude on the part of the bills sponsors toward the workers of America Green said adding that the AFL would oppose the mea sure with all its strength He said the bill would under mine free collective bargaining impair the right of contract and make the national labor relations act an instrument of labor op pression Labor refuses to give up its fight against compulsory arbitration he declared CIO President Philip Murray assailed the measure as a bill to enslave labor Failure on the part of any la bor union to meet all of the tech nicalities set forth in this com plicated measure would permit the various tribunals to designate Washington UR Army chief of Staff Gen George C Marshall has promised speedy knockout of the Japanese with a force ol firepower and men more over whelming than that which de feated Germany it was revealed Friday Marshalls promise was made at a closed hearing of the house ap propriations committee which Fri day aproved funds of 000 to enable the war department to deliver its share the victory punch Ibis the fiscal year beginning July 37600000 in new appropria tions It is less than the budget estimate and a total of less than the amount provided for the current year ending Jane 30 In making the recommendation the committee warned against optimistic errors of judgment and pointed to a statement by Marshall that it would be a cost ly mistake a hideous injustice to our men in the Pacific to relax now in optimistic estimates of the situation Marshall said that all men and equipment possible to throw into the fray would be used in the Pa cific Washington M Baruch urged Friday that the unit ed nations break once and for all Germanys dominance of Europe with a specific industrybyindus try destruction of Germanys war potential The financier and adviser to presidents also recommended in testimony prepared far the senate military affairs committee that this German settlement be used as a basis for a comprehensive allembracing agreement with Russia on major peace problems He said a new cave age of bomb ihelters would be the price of ailure to achieve these objectives or to ratify and enforce by uni versal military training and other means the united nations charter now near completion at San Fran cisco Asserting it was not enough to demand an economically weak jermany Baruch said there must je a program sufficiently specific by all he occupying nations know they have agreed to the same thing Whether one wants to be or to Germany makes no difference War must be displaced RUSSIA HINTS POLISH UNITY Announcement of New Agreement Expected London Tomasz Arciszewski said Friday that his Polish government in exile will ap peal to President Truman and Prime Minister Churchill in con nection with the conviction of Po lish underground leaders in Mos cow London UP A Moscow dis patch hinted Friday that an offi cial announcement an agree I might say our policy for the conduct of the war in the Pacific as the war department projects it is not only to have enough to defeat Japan in the end but to employ all the forces we can en gage to bring the war to a quick conclusion he declared Economy in lives and materiel as well as the psychology of the American people demand that we mount a swift offensive 1 it t mUUIIt it IMJWVIIUJ U11CU31VC them as panahs without any f victory at the earliest rights or any protection for its members against provocative or destructive he said acts by employers MORAL Decatur 111 fl Fire Chief Sam Crow for years has cam paigned against smoking in bed But he confessed to friends that he smoked in bed during his re cent hospitalization And he said his pajamas caught fire and he was slightly burned possible moment he added 1 hope that successive victories will enaolc us to reduce the site of our army very soon Asking the nation to keep its shoulder to the wheel for a terrific drive against the Japa nese Marshall said American losses in most cases have been smaller than those of an enemy fighting from prepared positions because of the preponderance o allied equipment and ire power 5 BIG AIRCRAFT FACTOMESAtSO HIT BY PLANES 450 B29s Take Part in SteppedUp Raids on War Industries Guam hundred fiftj B2Ss Friday attacked Japans last large naval arsenal and 5 big aircraft factories with 3000 tens of demolition bombs in a precision raid made visually from medium altitude in clear weather Seven other small industrial targets were fireraided Monday and Wednesday Japans 2 largest arsenals Osaka and Hire previously were Vir tually destroyed The Kure plant blasted Friday manufactured tuns up to 16 inches projectiles fusel propellants and torpedoes It cov ered approximately 11000000 square feet The other 5 targets were the Mitsubishi and Kawasaki aircraft plants at Kagamigahara 20 miles north of Nagoya Kawanishi air craft plant at Himeji and the Ka wasaki aircraft plant at Akashi both in the Kobe area and the MitsubishiMishima aircraft fac tory at Tamashima 90 miles west of Kobe A Japanese communique claimed 26 of the giant raiders were shot down or damaged B29s already have destroyed or damaged 113 square miles of Jap anese urban industrial areas 21st bomber command headquarters announced while Fridays raida were in progress Recent BZ9 tacks on 7 smaller industrial cities made with incendiary bombs earlier this more than 3 square miles of war factory areas Osaka Japans 2nd largest city and its suburb Amagasaki suf fered 271 square miles of new damage in a June 15 fire raid in creasing total damaged areas there to 1675 square miles This repre sents 26 per cent of Osakas built up areas and 11 per cent of Ama gasakis Incendiary bombs aimed at hundreds of small Japanese home industries on that raid virtually wiped out the major Amagasaki Sumitomo Kanzaki propeller plant which was about 90 per cent destroyed or damaged Three of these smaller Shizuoka Yokkaichi and Toyo was more than 50 per as Germanys chief business he declared Baruch suggested that a European reconstruction council be established and that a positive American foreign economic policy be developed to preserve the American free enterprise system in a world drifting to cartelizations of various kinds He said To Russia we can show the means of making herself so strong she need not fear Germany and this while permitting her to re duce military expenditures leav ing more for lifting the living standards of her heroic people To Britain we can show the way to expanding world markets steering her away from an eco nomic war that could only be dis astrous to her and the world To the united nations we can direct a converted arsenal of democracy to aid in establishing a new peaceful economic equil ibrium with increased numbers of jobs and steadily rising living standards ment among rival Polish factions on formation of a new unity gov ernment was imminent The dispatch said the best pos sible news was expected regard ing an agreement between Stanis law Mikolalczyk head of a delega tion of moderate Polish leaders from London and representatives of the sovietsupported Polish provisional government in War saw No details were given in the dis patch but Mikolajczyk former premier of the Polish exile gov ernment in London and the other conferees have been attempting to set up a coalition government in line with the Yalta recommenda tions of the Big 3 The United States and Britain have indicated they will withdraw their recognition of the London government in favor of the provi sional cabinet at Warsaw if it were broadened to include Mikol ajczyk and other Poles abroad Members of the present London government were not invited to the Moscow conference Twelve members or supporters of the London government were sentenced by Russia only Thurs day to 4 months to 10 years in prison for terrorism against the red army House Kills AntiOPA Amendment Washington effort to kill legislation prolonging the life of wartime price and rationing controls was defeated overwhelm ingly by the house Friday on a voice vote The action came on an amend ment by Rep HoJfman RMich to strike out the enacting clause the OPA extension bill He said we should cut OPAs head off and start over again A roar of no defeated the pro posal Only a scattering of voices Were heard in its support cent destroyed in incendiary raids Monday and Wednesday Recon naissance photographs revealed the damage was Shizaoka 228 square miles Yokkaichi 1ZS and Toyohashi 17Z They further showed 128 square miles burned out in Hamamatsu In Shizuoka population more than 200000 66 per cent of the builtup area was damaged Fifty per cent of nonindustrial builtup area of Yokkaichi im portant commercial city of more than 100000 population was dam aged Toyohashi is a manufacturing city of about 240000 Incomplete photographic coverage showed 5Z per cent of the main portion of the city was damaged and the Toy ohashi army base and arsenal were slightly damaged Kamamalsu on the Honshu coast between Tokyo and Nagoya and with a population ot 165000 already had suffered half a square mile of damage from high explos ive attacks The June 18 fire raid increased the total damaged area to 40 per cent of the city Fridays demolition strikes were the first with high explosives in the B29s new program of de stroying secondary industrial areas program necessitated by the virtual elimination of all original primary targets in Tokyo Yoko hama Osaka Nayoga and Kobe Senate Confirms New REA Administrator Washington of Agriculture Claude Wickard won senate confirmation to a 10year term as rural electrification ad ministrator by a 56 to 6 vote Wicfcard succeeds Harry Slat tery who resigned last Dec 1 Rep Clinton P Anderson D N will take over Wickardi cabinet post The vote to confirm Wickard came Thursday alter a iulile fight led by Senator Shipstead K Minn womens Farm Bureau toV JUason ;