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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 20, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper Edited for MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LIX Associated and United Press Full Lease Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JUNE 20 1953 Tills Paper Consists of Two No 21f Rosenbergs Pay Supreme Price for Atom Spying Couple Is Silent to the End Firm Steps Stony Faces Editori Relman Morin of The Associated Press the writer of the following story was an official witness at the executions of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg By RELMAN MORIN SING SING PRISON Ossining NY UP Julius Rosenberg and bis wife Ethel walked quietly to the electric chair Friday night and were executed for the crime of de livering to Soviet Russia the secrets of the atomic bomb Neither of the condemned spies talked nor attempted to talk as the last moments came Both entered the death chamber in Sing Sing a few moments a firm step and a stony face They were exe cuted shortly before sunset so thai the grim task would be finished before the beginning of the Jewish Sabbath Wedding Anniversary It was the day after their 14th Wedding anniversary They were the first nonmilitary convicts in the history of the United States to be executed for tspionage At the hour of retribution crowds gathered demonstrating in New York London and Paris Hysteri cal sympathizers screaming and crying milled around a speakers stand in New Yorks Union Square Street fights broke out in Paris and several policemen were re ported wounded In London thou sands roved the streets waving copies of the Communist newspap er Daily Worker which carried a single word in giant der Night Quiet But in Ossining where the pris on is located the night was quiet Heavy details of police and state troopers guarding temporary bar ricades met no demonstrators The party of official witnesses entered the death chamber a fev moments before 7 pm It is a square room Behind the elec tric chair was a white wheeled table In front were four rows oJ benches like pews in a church A moment later a voice was heard in the corridor leading in from the death chamber H was low but distinct Black Robes Then Rabbi Irving Koslowe en tered He wore black robes with a white praying shawl around his shoulders and the rabbinical hat As he came in he was intoning the words of the 23rd Psalm Lord is my shepard I shall noi want Rosenberg was a step behind him It was about The executions were so arrangec that husband and wife would not know when the other went down the corridor Rosenberg 35 wore dark brown trousers a white undershirt with short sleeves and low slippers without heels His mustache had been shaved off His glasses were removed His face was a blank His eyes appeared not to see any of the people in the room nor any of its details Turns to Chair But he turned without guidance to the electric chair and sat down qiiietly Rabbi Koslowe moved to the left of the chair beside the witness benches He kept his eyes on the prayer book His voice dropped to whisper He prayed steadily anc twice kissed the book The black helmet was placed on Rosenbergs head Then the black straps were fixed around his chest and the other electrode was se against his right leg The guards stepped away A sig nal was given to the executioner Joseph Francell in an alcove lo the left of the room A metallic rattle sounded It WASHINGTON W And said the voice on the hotel room Julius and Ethel Rosen berg are dead And so rasped the furious man in the tan suit slouched in a chair across the room Ameri a is shamed forever Lawyer Emanuel Bloch had just heard the young cou ple he defended in three years of egal maneuvering with seven ap peals to the Supreme Court had died in the electric chair as spies who conspired to slip atomic se rets to the Russians He vowed that we and he didnt explain who we Mother Collapses on Hearing of Couples Death NEW YORK OH Flickering candies ageold symbols of Jew ish sabbath of mourn shadows over the bent form of a bewildered grieving old woman The woman Mrs Tessie Green glass collapsed Friday night as she learned her daughter Ethel and soninlaw Julius Rosen berg had been executed as atorn spies A dotcor rushed to her side The candles rays shone dimly through the neat lacework cur t a i n s of Mrs Greenglass humble lower East Side ment home Lawyer Is Furious Over Execution of Spies would drive from power those who failed to halt the electrocution He mentioned two names President Eisenhower and Atty Gen Brown ell A few blocks away in Lafayette Square across from the While House a growing crowd in the sultry June evening reacted differ ently Cheers rang out and auto horns blared as the time of the Rosen bergs electrocution arrived And across the street from them in front of the White House itself some 400 men and women trudged back and forth bearing dispirited ly the clemencypleading signs 1 fr 4 jf AP Wlrcphoto GRIEF An unidentified picket partly shielded in her grief by a fellow sign carriers placard cries and mops awa3r tears as she walked the White House sidewalk Fri day night about the time Julius and Ethel Rosenberg died in the electric chair sounded like marbles rolling down a metal washboard Then it slopped The room was filled with a humming buzz Rosenbergs chest bulged strain ing against the straps His fists clenched in light knols His neck and shoulders lurned crimson There were three massive charges of electricity The first lasted three seconds the second and third 57 seconds each He was dead in two and threequarters minutes Humming Stops The humming stopped It was and three quarters Two guards stepped to the chair and swiftly unbuckled the straps Two physicians Dr H W Kipp and Dr George McCracken ap proached with stethoscopes Me Cracken ripped the undershirt ex posing Rosenbergs chest They listened for a long mo ment Then Dr Kipp said I pro nounce this man dead The body was liflcd on to the white table and wheeled out the room About three minutes later Rabbi KosJowes voice again came from beyond the door The guard pulled it open The rabbi entered holding the prayer book almost on a level with his eyes He read both the 15th and 31st Psalms Who shall so journ in Thy tabernacle Ethel Rosenberg 37 walked be hind him She wore a shapeless green dres with a small white pattern Unlike her husband she looked around the room She had stopped in front of the electric chair and she started to turn toward it Suddenly she stopped Two women had followed her into the chamber One was Mrs Helen Evans prison matron and the other Mrs Lucy Many former matron and now a telephone op era tor Ethel Rosenberg whirled back from the chair and extended her arm toward Mrs Evans Her hand was outstretched Mrs Evans took it between both of hers Mrs Rosenberg pulled the short whitehaired matron toward her and the two women kissed Again the black helmet straps and leg contacts were set in place Just before the gear was placed on her head and face Mrs Rosen berg closed her eyes She winced slightly as the clec trode was fixed on her head Her hair was black and shortcropped Then Ihe switch was thrown anc the metallic rattle sounded again AP Wirephoto MARCHER JUNKS unidentified woman heaves a placardon a pile outside the White House Friday night as Rosenberg sympathizers end their vigil at the executive mansion Marchers junked their signs and left shortly aft er they learned the atomic spies had been put to death Largest Factory in East Germany Burns BERLIN antiCommunists have set fire to Soviet Germanys biggest industrial plant and at least one other important factory is in flames it was reported Saturday At the same time the U S commandant in Ber Hail Wind Lash State Friday Night DBS M01NES from the blistering heat of the past cou ple of days came lo Iowa Satur day Hail high winds and rain lashed portions of Western and Central Iowa Friday night causing con siderable damage at some points There were no confirmed torna does though partiallyformed fun nellike clouds were reported near Red Oak Winterset Marshalltown and Waterloo v The storms came in the wake of a secondstraight day in which temperatures topped 100 degrees The high for the day was 102 at Council Bluffs and Bloomfield The low Friday night was 70 at Water loo and Spencer In Des Moines hail damaged a narrow strip in the eastern part About half the glass greenhouse north of townwere smashed and the stained glasswindows of the Marquisville Evangelical United Brethren Church were cracked Power lines and trees were broken by winds that reached gusts of 61 miles per hour Electric pow er was off for more than four hours in some parts of the city said the Russians have created a potentially explosive situation in Communist Berlin by bringing in two mechanized divi sions 25000 troops to tamp down the people Maj Gen Thomas S Timber man said U S troops in Berlin are outnumberedtwo to one by the Russians without counting the thousands of Communist police of the city panes in a also massed in the Soviet sector West Berlin newspapers reporter four more deaths in this weeks revolt against Communist rule in Germans slain by Russian firing squads and two Communist police lynched by riot ers The Western paper Telegraf said fires are raging in the national ized Leuna synthetic gasoline plant which employs more than 20000 workers and in the Schkopau synthetic rubber factory Telegraf said also that two Ger mans in Magdeburg were shot down by Russian firing squads en forcing the martial law clamped on much of Soviet Germany following the Wednesday riots The newspaper Morgenpost said rioters in Erfurt hanged two Red policemen to lamp posts AGerman resident of West Ber lin was shot and wounded Friday night when he strayed across the sector boundary into Soviet Berlin APPROVE SALE WASHINGTON MVThe Senate Public Works Committee Friday approved a bill to way for sale of Ft DCS Moines to the city of DCS Moines Reds Mass 2 Divisions at Front SEOUL Reds Saturday nassed some 16000 fresh troops along the East Central front scene the past week of the great est Communist offensive in two years The U S Eighth Army reported the Red buildup as the Air Force announced Allied air power suf fered its heaviest losses of the war the past week helpuig to stall the great Communist drive Two New Divisions Two new Red divisions were re ported moving into the Pukhan River lines the sector where per laps 40000 Communists pushec South Korean troops back as much as two miles Sunday and Monday Fighting was light however Nineteen Sabre down behind Comrnunis1 lines the Air Force announced Fourteen were lost to anliaircrafi guns and five to unexplained causes None was lost in dogfights in which Sabre jets shot down 19 Red MIG jets Day and night UN Avarplanes in record waves dumped bombs and jellied gasoline on Communis1 troops to play a major role in stemming the greatest Red drive since drive which dented South Korean lines up to two miles The worst previous Allied plane loss was 16 in the week of Feb 511 1952 Red Nine Sabre jets were shot down by Red guns and three more o the jets failed toreturn from enemy territory for unex plained causes probably engine failure Previous high Sabre tol for a week was four for the perioc ending April 19 The Communist push Saturday had slackened to platoon and com panysized assaults while the Red apparently probed for weak spot in South Korean lines on the East Central Front In thecenter of the front the dugin South Korean 8th Division reported an intense shelling from Red big guns Friday Girl 10 Gives Birth to Baby YOUNGSTOWN 0 ffl A 10 yearold mother played with two dolls Saturday in a home for un wed mothers while welfare author ities prepared to offer her sixday old daughter for adoption The girl showed little interest in the baby and preferred the doll she brought with her when she en tered the Florence Crittehton Home last February said Mrs Esther Stuhlfire home superin tendent Mrs Stuhlfire said the baby weighed just an ourca under six pounds The fifthgrade mother whose name was withheld was so tense and frightened she was in labor 56 hours Father of the baby was a 50 yearold man who lived in the same apartment building and wa a close friend of the little mothers foster parents Mrs Stuhlfire said Red Demand for Truce Is Return of Freed POWs Convictions Start Strike in Hawaii HONOLULU un onists threatened a general work stoppage Saturday in protest against a federal court jury verdict finding six men and one woman guilty of Communist conspiracy charges Stevedores sugar mill workers and truck drivers began leaving heir jobs shortly after the all male jury returned with the ver dict Friday Near End of Day The walkouts started so close to heend of the day that it was dif ficult to say how widespread it was going to be However the belief vas that no union member would vork on Hawaiis immense sugar and pineapple plantations Satur day Principal defendant in the 7W monthlpngtrial was Jack Wayne Hall 38 regional director of the powerful International Longshore mens and Warehousemens Union and Harry Bridges top lieutenant in the islands ILWU members had previously hinted at strike reprisals The o t h er defendants were lharles K Fupimbto 35 chairman of the Communist Party in the Ha waiian Islands and the only avowed Communistamong the seven his wife Eileen32 Koji Ariybshi 39 editorof the weekly Honolulu Rec ord Jack D Kimoto 47 a Record employe Dr John Ernest Reln ecke 48 research worker and former Honolulu school teacher and Dwight James Freeman 41 a construction foreman 5 Year Terms The seven face a maximum ally of five yeals imprisonment and a fine The jury got the case Wednesday afternoon It deliberated 19 hours before decidingon a verdict Within two hours after the ver dict was announced the ILWU sus pended negotiations on a new con tract Longshoremen began walk ing off the job at Castle and Cook Pier 32 By midafternoon all Honolulu docks were abandoned About The Weather Mason City Parity cloudy and cooler Saturday night and Sun day Mostly fair and cooler Satur day night and Sunday Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness showers north Saturday night and in northeast Sunday Globe Gazette weather data up to 8 am Saturday Maximum 96 Minimum 71 At 8 am 78 Precipitation trace Clark Sends Letter to Rhee MUNSAN Reds Saturday angrily told the Allies if the UN wants a truce it must control South Koreas rebellious government land recapture 26000 antiRed war pris oners freed by President Syngman Rhee Although the Communists pro tested violently at Rhees arbitrary action they did not an armistice But their terms appeared near Korean prisoners Wircphoto BINGO of five former operators have reopened smorgasbord bingo games at two lodges in Council Bluffs and at Carter Lake Recreation Club Patrons buy a dinner and get free bingo games An unidenti fied employe at Carter Lake is shown calling numbers Ike and Reed Dont Agree WASHINGTON Eisenhower failed Saturday at least for the time get Rep Daniel A Reetl RN Y to call off his opposition to extension of the excess profits tax Reed chairman of the tax writing House Ways and Means Committee we tit lo the White House at the Presidentsrequest and spent 45 minutes with the chief executive All the gruff New Yorker would say afterward was We had a very friendly visit Im not dis cussing it at all But an informed source said he two men reached no agree ment Saturday This source said they discussed the issue thorough ly however and will confer again at some later time SAME Black ting means traffics death la past 21 hours f f V dpTt EARLY fireworks from1the Wilfong Fireworks factory in Ft Worth Tex destroyed trie build ing in a giant preview tothe Fourth of July The fire works in the building were stacked to the ceiling Condition Is Almost BULLETIN SEOUL Sunday to 300 more antiRed Korean prisoners broke out of a stockade late Sat urday at Sang Mundai raised to more than 26000 the total who fled the stockades Wednesday midnight with South Koreas blessing The Reds charoing that South Koreas defiance of UN Com mand threatened the impending truce have demanded that all es caped prisoners be rounded up Emphasizing the near hopeless ness of the task UN Com mand said only 58 had re taken since 8 am Thursday have melted into the countryside with Rhees blessing and the between South Korea and the UN Command apparently was growing deeper Made Public South Koreasacting prime min ister Y T Pyun made public a letter to Gen Mark Clark UN commander demanding freedom for 9000 antiReds left in Allied stockades because must free them It was written Thurs day a few hours after the first big break Pyun said Rhee does not regard recent prisoner equally binding on us and warned Clark bluntly against say ing or doing anything that might likely provoke passions of the Ko rean masses which once let loose may easily go out of control At almost the same time Clark made public a letter Written the same day blistering Rhee and ac cusing him of breaking recent as surances that South Korea would make no arbitrary moves without consulting Clark Cracks Unity Rhees action has cracked the unity of the Allies and the Reds made the most of it The Communists listed their de mands in a letter handed to the Allied truce delegation in a 25min ute meeting at Panmunjom Ad dressed directly to Clark it end ed We are awaiting the reply of your side The Allied delegates made no an swer and the meeting recessed in definitely at Communist request subject to call by either side r In their letter the Reds warned ominously Your side must bear the serious responsibility for this incident and asked a series of blunt questions Is the United Nations Command able to control the South Korean government and army If not does the armistice in Korea include the Syngman Rhee clique If it is not included what as surance is there for the implemen tation of the armistice agreement on the part of South Korea7 If it is included then your sida must be responsible for recover ing immediately all the 25952 prisoners of war who are at liber ty and your side must give assurance that similar will not recur in the Clarks letter to Rhee was short but direct He wrote Uut M could not at this time iestimate the ul timate consequences of precipitous and shocking act 1 ;