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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 20, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME N COMP DEPARTMENT Of H I SiOT V Jk NO ARCHIVE THE NEWSTAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Anoctitrd Press aid United Pica full Leucd rive Cents a Copjl MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JUNE 29 1914 This Paper Coosists of Two One NO en YANKEES 4 MILES FROM CHERBOURG Down 300 Jap Planes in Battle Off Saipan MORETHAN 3RD OF ISLAND NOW IN U S HANDS 17 Bond Queen Candidates to Be Presented at Lake Dance Coast Guard Band to Play Tickets for Event Still Available Powerful Nippon and Yank Task Forces May Be Clashing Soon Pearl Harbor destruc tion of 300 enemy planes in a fur ious aerial engagement over the Marianas revealed Tuesday that powerful American and Japanese task forces were prowling the Pa cific within virtual battle range and may clash in the first test of major fleet units in nearly 2 years Navy planes and warship guns brought down the record bag of Japanese t aircraft Sunday as American troops captured Aslito airdrome only 4 hours flying time from Tokyo and conquered more than onethird of Saipan from the west coast beachhead to Ma sicienne bay in the east Although American losses were not yet available beyond the an nouncement of minor damage to one surface ship the destruction of at least 300 Japanese planes was the greatest number ever shot Cerro Gordo countys 17 candi dates for the title of war bond queen will make their first public appearance Tuesday night at the 5th war loan dance at the Surf ballroom in Clear Lake The girls will be presented at intermission time to the group attending the affair for which the U S Coast Guard band of the St Louis 9th naval district will play Ticktts for the dance are still available to any employe of a re tail store in Clear Lake or Mason City who pledges to sell in series E bonds during the 5th war loan drive and to other persons with the purchase of an E of at least 5100 maturity value Bonds may be bought at the door by anyone who failed to ob tain tickets previously officials said A ballot worth 100 votes in the war bond queen contest will be given with each purchase of a bond In addition to its appearance at the Surf the Coast Guard band was scheduled to play a concert in Central park from 3 to Tuesday afternoon A oclock platform Japs Make Claim of Saipan Victory By TI1E ASSOCIATED PRESS Imperial Japanese headquarters declared without confirmation L that planes were destroyed and a battleship two cruisers a destroyer and one sub marine were sunk during the bat tle of Saipan A broadcast en emy communique also said Jap anese airmen were still attacking the American ships This claim may have been a followup to a Tokyo broadcast promising that the Japanese navy In the near fu ture will win a great naval vic tory in the Pacific down in a single aerial engage merit in the Pacific More than 300 enemy planes probably were lost in the battle of Midway but many went down with wrecked Japa nese aircraft carriers From the size of the Japanese aerial fleet apparently aiming a major blow on the U S Saipan beachhead the enemy must have had a sizable task force includ ing carriers the usual escorting cruisers and destroyers and pos sibly battleships Similarly the strength oE the American force was indicated by the fact it was able to throw up enough planes and a sufficiently heavy antiaircraft barrage to prevent damage to all but one ship With a good proportion of the Japanese task force planes appar ently destroyed the virtually un damaged American fleet probably would have sought to close with the euemy unless the air battle was fought so late in the day that the Japanese were able to flee in the darkness The crushing blow to the Japa nese aerial forces came almost si multaneously with the American land strikes across southern Sai pan whore Seabee construction crews already were working on Aslito airdrome and its 3600foot runway which if extended was believed large enough to accom modate the new B29 Superfort resses Veteran marine and army troops carried the advance through Saipan to gain control of the western shore of Magicienne bay cutting the southeastern tip the island above Nafutan point and leaving only small enemy pockets east of Lake Susupe near the Charan Kanoa area Admiral Chester W Nimitz communique which Rave no fur ther reports of the spearhead thrusting at islands capital of Oarapan Indicated that the newly captured Aslito airdromesoon will be ready to support future ground operations or fleet actions similar to Sundays battle The airfield also may be used to bomb remaining enemy bases in the Marianas such as those on Kota and Guam south of Saipan which Nimitz believed were used by the Japanese aerial fleet Sun day in shutttle attacks from air craft carriers However the Pacific fleet com mander said American planes bombed these fields during the aerial fighting and handicapped the enemjKs shuttle system has been erected by the retailers war bond committee for the occa sion The band is composed largely of former members of nationally famous dance and symphony or chestras and advance notices in dicate that it is an exceptionally fine organization Included in its repertoire area number of novelty arrangements and several vocal and instrumental solos featuring outstanding performers TOM LOVE Tom Love tuba player and musician second class with the United States coast guard band coming to the Surf in Clear Lake on Tuesday is a former member of Frank Simons fam ous Armco band Though he played with swing orchestras including Ace Bri gddes and Herb Tiemeyers in civilian days Tommy prefers symphony solidly One of his prized collections is a huge al bum of symphony records His better halt enlisted in the WAC She was promoted to master sergeant and is director of the WAC band at Fort Oxl thorne Ga t VIIPURI TAKEN STATES REPORT FROM SWEDEN Claim Key Seaport Gave Up After Heavy Shelling by Russians London Stockholm dis patch said Tuesday that Viipuri key Finnish seaport had fallen to the Russian army alter the city had been shelled by massed artil lery from positions less than 9 miles away The Swedish reports reaching a reliable source in Stockholm were not immediately confirmed by Moscow or Russian sources in Lon don Red troops increased the speed ot their offensive Moscow advices aid pouring through a 30mile ap blown in the wolf teeth for ifications of the 3rd and last ser es of Mannerheim line defenses The fall of the Mannerheim line jrought Finlands winter war with Russia to an abrupt end in 1940 The reported travels of Finnish diplomats in Sweden suggested that the Baltic republic might again be seeking peace Moscow however reported no peace over tures Nazis Fall Back to Inner Defense Before Offensive By WES GALLAGHER Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force troops plunged within 4 miles of Cher bourglate Tuesday in an allout offensive of mounting fury and also seized Valognes 10 miles southeast of the great liarbor The veteran U S division spearheaded the deepest drive directly south of death pocket for per haps up to 50000 to St Martin Le Grand only 1 miles away On the southeast approach to the transAtlantic port other doughboys seized Valognes and pushed a mile beyond cleaned the Germans out Advise Nazis at oi Montebourg 4 Cherbourg to Give Up Avoid Death REFRESHMENT FOR A WOUNDED American soldier on the Normandy beachhead gives water from his canteen to a wounded German prisoner of war Associated Press wirephoto engraving by Kuyenay ANN CASEY WINS IN FIRST ROUND Meets Babe Zaharias in Wednesdays Play Chicago IJP Babe Didrikscn Zaharias defeated Margaret Rus sell of Detroit 4 and 3 Tuesday to move into the 2nd round of the Womens Western Open Golf tournament The Beverly Hills Cal athlete took a 5up lead at the end of the first 9 after shooting a one 2nd round Babe will meet AnnCasey over par In Wednesdays of Mason City Iowa who disposed of Dorothy Foster Springfield 111 3 and 2 Biggest upset was the defeat of Catherine Fox of Bloomfield N J quarter finalist in the 1943 open and semifinalist in the West ern Amateur She bowed to one of her state rivals Mrs Albert Becker Englewood N J 2up Dorothy Germain of Philadel phia 1943 Western Amateur win ner and a prime favorite in this tournament easily wonher first round match by beating Mrs Thomas Nolan of New Castle Pa 9 and Cocker Veteran of 27 Bombing Missions Is Afraid of Iowa Thunder Des Moines is sad The English cockers ears droop The veteran of 27 bombing mis sions over Europe trembles be neath the davenport during an Iowa thunderstorm Once the cheerful mascot oi thi crew of the famous Liberator tin Berlin Express Burger ha been sent to Mrs Elsie Genser o DCS Moines by her brother En sign Paul Rhodes of Des Moines now assigned to a Florida base The dog made at least 7 trip over Europe on the Berlin Ex press He evidently was no aboard the day the plane wen down but the officer who ha taken charge of him had left wor that if anything happened the do was to go to his friend Ensig Rhodes With Rhodes the cocker whos lineage included 14 champion and who in the kennel archive of Britain answered to the nam of St Eval flew 20 more mission in Frivolous Sal another Liber ator They flew home together on th same bomber Now Burger is trying hard adjust to the relative quiet o Iowa civilian the thun derstorms RAYMOND BRABEC Raymond Jake Brabec of Chicago musician second class will be in the reed section when the United States coast guard band of the St Louis 9th naval district plays in Mason City and at the Surf in Clear Lake on Tuesday When it was learned that he was formerly an arranger with Ray llerbcck and Lawrence the young Chicagoan was pressed into service He is an unusual clarinetist and most of his parts in the band concerts arc written espe cially for this instrument how ever he doubles on the saxo phone and trumpet REPORT RETREAT OF FINNS IS DEBACLE Moscow vanguards reached the outskirts of Viipuri back door to the Finnish main land and Helsinki and front dis patches indicated Tuesday the enemys retreat had been turned into a complete debacle Russian tanks and infantry converging on Viipuri over high ways and forest trails on a big arc rom southwest to east captured own after town intact and swept n in pursuit of the fleeujig Finns The Finnish army lave been disorganized y by the red arrays swill sniash ng of tbe Mannerheim line and 2 ither defense lines farther south n the Karelian Isthmus in the irst 11 days of an offensive de igned to knock Finland out of he war Finnish quarters in Stockholm orecast the fall of Viipuri within 48 hours Helsinki dispatches said rucks and buses had been rushed torn Helsinki to speed the evac lation of Viipuri and reported the Finnish political situation peared very Widening their breach in the Mannerheim line to at least 31 miles the red army drove across the outer approaches of Viipuri Finlands 3rd largest city with increasing momentum while sov iet artillery warships and planes clamped a tight blockade on Vii puri bay to prevent enemy ships from escaping to the Gulf of Fin land In addition planes of the red banner Baltic fleet sank at least 16 enemy ships including 6 trans ports in the Gulf of Finland Twentytwo German and Finnish planes were shot down in aerial combat One soviet column captured Rpkkala 10 miles southwest of Viipuri at the entrance to Viipuri Bay paving the way for an am WALLACE LANDS IN CHUNGKING Vice President Is Greeted by Chiang ChuiiEkin UP Wallace visitin China us the personal representative of ap Pres ident Roosevelt arrived in this war capital Tuesday and imme diately urged and Siberia1 The vicepresident in a state ment distributed at the airpor after His arrival from Russian territory quoted Dr Hu Shih former Chinese ambassador to the United States as having said that the boundary between Si beria and China should be like the frontier between the United States and one of separation but one of joining friends together Wallace said he wanted to see the land talk with farmers visit Chinese and American soldiers and above all discuss with Gen eralissimo Chiang KaiShek mat ters of mutual interest and con cern Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek welcomed Wallace at the air high compliment not re quired by protocol since the gen eralissimo is the head the state Dttumwans Go to Polls on Question of Change to City Manager Form Otlumwa a r 1 y reports Tuesday indicate a fairly heavy vote in the special city election being held here on the question of changing from the present com mission form of city government to the councilmanager plan After 31 years operation under the commission form Ottumwa is voting on the councilmanager plan IbrVthe second time having defeated the proposed change 5 to 2 in 1941 The committee in charge of the campaign for the change is com posed of businessmen and others who believe the change woulc bring an improxrement in local civic affairs Though local la bors opposition is not unanimous the organized labor groups on the whole ars nsking that the commis sion form be retained These labor groups have spon sored a vigorous campaign and lave brought speakers here from DCS Moines Dubuque and Sioux City to assail the councilman ager proposal Proponents of the change have nlso conducted ui ac tive campaign contending the councilmanager form would pro vide more efficient city govern ment and remove political privi New York troops cut off at Cherbourg by the Amer ican advance were warned over BBC facilities Tuesday that their position was hopeless and that surrender would be their wisest move Any attempt to evacuate you through the coastal waters of Cher bourg peninsula would be pure suicide the Germans were told The warning made in German by a British officer reminded the Germans thatolher German troops under command of ColGcn Jucr KCii von Arnim had been trapped by the same American 9th division of the Cape Bon Peninsula in Tunisia and had not regretted their decision to surrender The speaker estimated 20000 Germans were cut off on the pen insula Mrs Chiang also was at the airdrome but remained in a cur tained motor cor Wallace Gen eralissimo Chiang and U S Am bassador Clarence E Gauss board ed the car after the vicepresident had shaken hands with the as sembled notables and drove to the presidential villa for tea lege from the city administration Polls opened at 7 a m Tues day in the citys 15 precincts and will close at 8 p m Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and warmer Tuesday night and Wed nesday fresh winds Iowa Increasing cloudiness Tues day becoming mostly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday with scattered thundershowers west and extreme south por tions warmer Tuesday and in I east and west portions Tuesday night Minnesota Tuesday night and Wednesday with scat tered showers northwest portion Tuesday night and north and west portions Wednesday war mer Tuesday night somewhat cooler northwest portion Wed nesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night 47 At 8 a m Tuesday 58 Monday marked the 4th day in June in which there was no rain fall YEAR AGO Maximum 90 Minimum 70 phibious thrust across the mouth to the north const thereby out flanking Viipuri from the west A similar drive across the ice in 1940 brought the fall of Viipuri and with it Finlands surrender after the shortlived winter war The fall of Viipuri would throw open all industrial southern Finland including Helsinki 130 miles to the west to the invading Russians More than 70 other towns and villages including the Manner heim line strongholds of Summa 16 miles southeast of Viipuri and Leipaesuo 17 miles southeast were overrun by the Russians in advances of up to 14 miles Mon day along all the main Karelian Isthmus highways and railways Boy 11 Declares He Used to Milk Cows When He Was Kid Riverton Wyo iPi An U year old went job hunting at the Farm Employment bureau which had advertised for veteran farm laborers Can you milk cows he was asked Well I guess so I did when I was a kid New Type of Ace Is Reported Downing Nazi Pilotless Rocket Planes converging on Viipuri 21 U S PLANES LAND IN SWEDEN Bombers Had Been on Raids in Germany Stockholm iP Twentyone American heavy bombers from fleets raiding Germany Tuesday made forced landings in Sweden the greatest number to land in this neutral country in a single day Sixteen came down at Bull tofta airport at Malmo with one reported crashing and killing 6 crewmen Three others crashed in southwestern Sweden and 2 plnaes landed outside Halstad PRESBYTERIANS MEET Ames 200 registered Monday as the annual convention of the Iowa synod of the Presby terian church opened its 4 day meeting The Rev Joseph Havlik Hopkins Minn was namcc moderator Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force h c American 9lh airforcc is produc ing a new type of fighter aces among its flyers who have joined the sky patrol waiting to shoot down German rocket bombs Mulsang Pilot Lt Lewis Powers of Albuquerque N Mcx shot down 2 and shared another with an RAF fighter Monday night in addition to one he nailed the pre vious night A few seconds after shooting the last bolt into place on a 40milli meter gun destined for Normandy an alert U S army maintenance crew used the weapon last week to bag what is thought to he the first pilotless plane shot down in southern England A direct hit was scored with the second round HUGE AIR FLEET ATTACKS NAZIS Hits Pas de Calais and Targets in Germany Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force than 1500 American heavy bomb ers possibly greatest force in his tory Tuesday simultaneously at tacked rocket bomb platforms in the PasdeCalais and an array of objectives in central Germany ranging from oil refineries to air plane and tank plants The giant armada equaled if it did not surpass that sent out last Wednesday to attack French air fields bridges and the Emmerich oil refinery in Germany With its big fighter escort the entire sky fleet totaled upward o 2000 planes The heavy bombers blasted syn thetic oil plants and oil refineries around Hannover Hamburg Mag deburg and Politz a tank depot near Magdeburg and an airplane wing repair nnd parts plant near Brunswick The Germans reported t h e American fleet was attacked by large formations of fighters and that heavy air battles were fought Returning crewmen said they found clear weather over Germany but were forced to bomb through cloud cover over the Pasdc Calais Tuesdays giant operation miles from Valognes The Germans were falling back upon the inner perimeter of Cher bourgs defenses Associated Press Correspondent Roger Greene said in a dispatch from U S field headquarters He added the Ger mans fell back from Valognes without attempting a major stand The power drive directly south of Cherbourg carried the ninth di vision battering ram nearly six miles north of captured Bricquc bec On the eastern coast of the trap tightening steadily on Cherbourg an American column drove 2 miles north of Quinevillc Montcbourpr won and lost by the Yanks in bitter street fightine and then bypassed in the push to Valognes now has been com pletely occupied supreme head quarters said Toward the eastern flank of the long Normandy front British forces btttling against a wall of I nazi armor struck two miles I southwest of fillySuiSculles and s c i e d HottotLcsBagues Two nazi counterattacks aimed at retaking the town were beaten back U S forces on the west coast also made progress north Bar neville where the first break through was made sealing off the top of Cherbourg peninsula Op position in this sector was re ported light The Germans have 3 semicir cuiar defenses line around Cher bourg with the biggest stretching out 6 miles from the port LtGtn Omar N Bradleys offensive has pierced deep through this line and took a part of the fleet more than 550 miles almost to the Polish bor der to hit Politz about 10 miles north of the Baltic seaport of Stet tin in far eastern Germany 2 SUFFER BURNS Fort Dodge gasoline ex plosion sent a father and son to the hospital Monday where they were reported in serious condi tions from burns Theodore Berg quist 40 and his son Maurice 10 were filling a tractor tank when the explosion occurred Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy apparently has reached the second defense wall Air reconnaissance disclosed the Germans have been demolishing the port of Cherbourg and that it is in bad shape indicating they had given up hope of holding it or very long There were indications the Ger mans were weaker on the western side of the peninsula than in the east Heavy fighting has raged in the MontebourgValognes sector The allout Cherbourg drive was coupled with what appeared to be the greatest air effort since the first days of the invasion and more than 1500 American heavy bombers bombed targets in Ger many and the rocketbomb plat forms in the PasdcCalais area on the French coast Drawing new strength from other sectors of the Normandy beachhead It Gcu Omar N Bradley sent his troops surging northward in what supreme head quarters called coordinated at tacks along the entire north front Over the heads of the advanc ing doughboys American big guns hurled streams of shells into the great port Frances third largest defended by possibly 50000 Ger man troops now caught in the Buy War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy PORT OF of the fine harbor facilities of Cherbourg now under allied siege are shown above closing Yankee trap The deepest wedge was driven into the German ring of fortifica tions from the southwest A col umn sweeping forward from cap tured Bricquebcc 11 miles below the port hurled the Germans back to the outskirts of Rauville La Bigot a village between six and seven miles south and slightly west of Cherbourg Communique No 29 from Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers hcadquar ters said other American columns to the cast were driving forward in twin moves to flank Vologncs H miles southeast of Cherbourg after sweeping around Montebourg and cutting off isolated pockets of Germans there The communique said the high way southwest of Uricquobec was cut 2 miles from Valognes Supreme headquarters said that undoubtedly further advances have been made Tuesday morn ing of which news has not yet arrived While the Americans were steadily marking up new gains the British on their sector toward the eastern end of the beachhead once again drove the Germans from TillySurSculles which has changed hands several times The American wedge across the Cherbourg peninsula now is 16 miles at its widest point and 8 ;