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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 20, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUIX LEASED THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES Ail NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Iheulog Are Amenafns Trend Is to Centralized Governments EDHOHS NOTE This it inotbet ot a or articles written by W Earl Hill iUsoa City GlobeGarclle managing editor in Ihe course of a Ihrousb South America as one of party of 12 ruesli of the Ornrji indownteol for International Peace Number 88 By W EARL HALL ON THE CARIBBEAN SEA OUT OF world trend toward strong central gov ernment approximating totalitar ianism has definitely and unmis takably reached South America In Brazil the phenomenon has assumed the form ot a fullgrown the benevolent variety but a dictatorship none the less Elsewhere it has assumed the form of a central government with enlarged powers roughly compar able with our own government in the past ten years My conclusions in this regard have been based on observa tions necessarily limited by time in Colombia Ecuador Peru Chile Argentina Uruguay and Brazil But there are reasons for believing that what is true in these countries is also true ap proximately of Venezuela Boli via and Paraguay The movement toward nation alization has been most pro nounced in Brazil and for an easily explainable reason From 1889 when Brazil abandoned its monarchical form of government and became a republic control of government rested almost exclu sively in two states Sao Paulo Minas Geraes It was a case states rights run rampant Getulio Vargas from a grazing state to the south came into pow er in 1930 and moved effectively against this condition The federal government in a civil war not un like our own gained ascendancy over the two all powerful states With this victory came a corol lary taking over of powers former ly held by the state in the field of utility regulation education health money control working conditions agricultural diversifi cation control of press by censor ship allocation cf print paper etc There was also an encroach ment upon private enterprise par ticularly with respect to foreign capital In a somewhat different way the central governments of the olher countries have arrived at substan tially the same goal Argentina has probably con cerned itself with social reform legislation less than any of the other countries I have vis ited Government now is and al ways has been in the hands of conservatives representing industrialists or wealthy ranch owners particularly the latter Due to its natural resources there is less of poverty in Ar gentina than in any other South American country perhaps ex plaining the lag of social re form Chile with all of the appearance and much of the essence of democ racy has achieved much of the nationalizing program existent in Brazil Its too early to offer an appraisal of the ultimate results from these excursions into the field of social reform but it can be said that the experiment is in tensely interesting Surely some thing needed to be done to lessen the spread between extreme poverty and extreme riches AH South American govern ments are on the horns of a di lemma with respect to the treat ment of foreign capital Antiim perialism constitutes an effective slogan for the politician On the campaign hustings But when faced with the responsibilities of office he recognizes how vital it is to have outside capita for the de velopment of his countrys natural resources The result of all this has been an abundance of outright dema gogery comparable with some that we have seen in our own country on such questions as the tariff and farm relief Those in power quite largely have pursued a policy of putting up as good a show as pos sible against outside capital with out actually discouraging it The whole business has been more os tensible than real in contrast with Mexicos violent expropriation policy of recent years In evaluating what passes for democracy in South America one must never lose sight of the fact that the nations down here have never actually known our own brand True democracy is impos sible in a land where no more than a fourth usually much less of the population can read and write As a consequence fraudulent elections have been the rule rather than the exception Every Latin American country at one time or another has been ruled by the sword It would be inviting disap pointment to expect large progress over night in the direction of true rule by the people An enormous job of educating for democracy remains to be done in he Spanish speaking countries MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JUNE 20 1941 MASON CITY LTHI JPOT 4 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 216 US Sub DownAfter Test DiVeSS NAVY FEARS 30 mm muuif ON OLD CRAFT ALREADY DEAD UBoat Thought Lost in Same Area Where Squalus Went Down PORTSMOUTH N H The submarine p9 one of the na tions oldest failed to come to the surface after a test dive off the Isles of Shoals Friday and navy officials expressed fear for the lives of the approximately 30 men aboard At p m CST the re cently recommissioned submarine a had been under the surface in v crushingly deep water for more than five hours The depths of the spot where the O9 was diving was reported as 370 feet and was only a short distance from where the Squalus crashed to the bottom in May 1939 the loss of 26 lives In a sensational rescue 33 of the Squalus officers and men were saved by a new diving bell but that shining new craft rested in only 240 feet of water and was equipped to handle the diving bell on a special escape hatch Available navy officials ex pressed doubt that the same method could be used to lift the O9s crew because that craft was so old that it contained few of the safety features incorporated in the new undersea boats In fact the rescue bell was a mere thought in the minds of its design ers when the O9 was built The rescue ship Falcon which aided In finally bringing the squalus to the surface was re ported at the scene Admiral John D Wainright said the craft was making a dive in a swept area in 370 feet of water The O9 normally carries be tween two and four officers and around 28 men The submarines Grenadier Trout Triton O6 and O10 also were rushed to the scene Captain John J Brown took im mediate charge of the search Meanwhile diving equipment was being rushed from the navy yard at Washington and Admiral Ed wards in charge of the subma rine base at New London Conn was enroute from there In an official report Lieutenant Commander H A Ellis of the first naval district said The O9 submerged off Portsmouth at a m east ern daytiffht and after failing to rise a search was made by several vessels to lo cate her As yet p m EDT she has not been located The searching vessels think they have located underwater sounds The O9 was in company with the O8 and O10 practicing div ing and the O10 reported the O9 is not on the surface The O9 is one of the oldest subs in the navy Deep concern was expressed by navy men here because of the great depth of the water in which the O9 was operating When the Squalus went down in this same area in May 1939 she rested in 240 feet of waterand by the first actual rescue use of a diving bell 33 men were saved Lven at 240 feet however navy divers were working under condi lions they hardly had been called upon lo face before in a life and death operation Navy men took note oo of thc fact whereas the Squalus was an entirely new submarine equipped with most of the avail able safety devices the O9 was constructed so long ago as to be almost obsolete in many or these factors The waters otf the isles of shoals vary sharply as to depth however and some hope was ex pressed that the O9 might be rest ing on a bank less than 370 feet below the surface When the Squalus was being lowed back to Portsmouth after be ing raised late in thc summer of 1939 she grounded frequently even though lifted well off Ihe bot torn by huge pontoons The navy at Washington how ever sain all officers and mei Commander of Sub Is From Iowa WASHINGTON navy department said Friday there were 27 crew members and two or pos sibly three officers assigned to the submarine O9 and it was as sumed all were aboard The commanding officer is Lieut Howard J Abbott a 1331 graduate of the naval academy His home address was listed 302 West McLane street Osceola Iowa Also aboard was Ensign M P Wangsness a naval reservist of San Diego Cal Ensign John 9 Francis Janes of Cliatsworth Ga was under orders to report for service on the submarine this week but an hour arid a half after RAF LASHES AT PREPARATIONS MADE BY NAZIS announcing this the navy said he s was not aboard v Ruhr PU The list of crew members whose home addresses were not available immediately was given out by the navy as follows Marvin D Barry seaman sec ond class W R Cannaday electricians mate third class William T Crule seaman sec ond class John E DuFresne machinists mate first class Charles L Eagleton signalman third class John H Edwards mess attend ant third class Edward G Foster chief ma chinists mate James D Fowler chief machin ists mate Bob A Gardner torpedoman third class James G Gillies fireman first class Francis H Golden fireman second class Francis L Gruen torpedoman second class Henry J Gumi machinists mate first class Joe A Hartzog ships cook second class Gaddis 1 Hendy radioman first class WalterJ Jaskowiak fireman third class William C Kaufman machin ists mate second class Levitt E Krueger torpedoman third class Allan H Littleford electricians mate second class Chester L Miller quartermas ter second class Emile A Oullette seaman sec ond class Sam E Sonnenburg chief elec tricians mate James S Strang yeoman third class Thomas W Tillery Jr machin ist s mate first closs Earl V Varner chief machin ists male Bernard J Venhaus seaman second class William C Wolf chief torpe doman aboard the O9 were equipped with the navys socalled Momsen lung a portable device designed to enable crews to reach the sur face from great depths The lung an apparatus which in cludes a bag and tube to feed oxy gen to thc wearer is standard equipment and submarine crews are trained in its use Twenty one expert divers from the Washington navy yard left in naval planes at p m EST for Portsmouth FINNS GALL UP MEN AGED 44 Reservists Report as Rumors Are Heard of Impending Clash HELSINKI Finland Finnish defense ministry Friday ordered reservists of all classes up to that of of which are 43 and 44 years report for service immediately Military punishment was ordered for those failing to obey Finnish leaders have expressed fears that their country could not escape involvement should conflict come between her two mi neighbors For the last two days calls various groups of reservi been issued as Finland lighty fo have sia prepared to defend herself Informed London Circles Fear Nazi Thrust After Red Question Is Ended By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Informed quarters in London Friday disclosed that Ihe JSAFs day series of blasts at channel invasion ports and the German v was an allout attempt to ih preparations for a big nazi ish against England expected as opn as Germany settles matters with Russia These sources declared that critam s intensive aerial offensive carried out by hundreds of plai was aimed at a dual objective 1 To slow the German war effort by crippling the reichs industrial output particularly synthetic oil 2 To snarl the transportation routes from base pools of ma terial and personnel which the Oermans will need when a full scale offensive against Britain For four successive days the RAF has carried out strongday Jight attacks on naziheld channel harbors camps and airdromes that would be used for invasion it was said Cologne and Duesseldorf fre quent RAF targets were the ob jects of Thursday nights latest raids How quickly Adolf Hitler would settle affairs with Russia remained to be seen Dispatches from Mos sow said there was no indication that the U S S R expected an in vasion although Europes capitals for days have echoed with rumors that Germany was massing troops on her eastern frontier for a pos sible drive into the soviet union A British Exchange Telegraph dispatch quoted foreign reports as saying Russias ambassador to Germany had seen nazi Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop several times and was expected to see Hitler In London Minister of State Lord Beaverbrooks newspaper the Evening Standard urged Brilish aid for Russia in the event Hitler should send his war machine rolling into the U S S R If Germany goes to war with Russia we should recognize our interest m sustaining Russias re we should attempt to make our friends the Ameri cans understand too the news paper said FIGHTING EAGES ON AROUND DAMASCUS On the middle cast war front seesaw fighting raged toward a climax m the siege ot Damascus Vichy French defenders de clared they had repulsed all at tacks in the direction oE the city but the British asserted that the fall or surrender of the ancient Syrian capital was only a mat ter of hours Fought amid he broiling heal of thc in dis patches as battle saw Brilish Indian and Free French troops attacking from Ihree sides The French acknowledged the British were attacking the oasis of Uuta on which Damascus is situated but said that tankled aliied infantry still were several miles oulside the city ilself Vichy reports said Indian troops Mad managed lo penetrate French defense line at one or two points south of the city but were quickly mopped up British middle east headquarters ffd troops had made local gams in the drive on Da mascus but acknowledged that nu mcncally superior Vichy forces were counterattacking sharply south of the capital On the Mediterranean coast British headquarters said Aus tralian troops are slowly advanc ing m the face stiff resistance toward the Lebanese FIRM SELLS FARM CLARKSVILLE Glen Kurd local representative for the Ccn r tral Life Insurance company has sold a farm belonging to it to Harry 1 contains 233 acres of land and sold lor an acre Due to Go to Germany Tr to obtain a statement from him following President Roosevelts order that all German consular offices and asences in the United States be closed by luly 10 Dr Hant Borchers German consul general in New York City ducks into his his picture The Jaequeline Cochran Crosses Atlantic to Deliver Bomber JACQUELINE COCHKAN SHIPLOSSES MAYTOTALED98 Tons Reported by Admiralty to Have Been Sunk in May LONDON Britains ship ping losses for May totaled 8 vessels of 461328 Ions Ihe ad miralty announced Friday The reported losses were ap proximately 120000 tons less than those for April although the ad miralty said thc May figures in clude losses suffered in Ihe east ern Mediterranean during military operation1 Thc Germans claim to have sunk during the month ot My 805000 tons ot merchant ship ping the announcement contin ued The Italians have been content with a claim of 56000 tons making a total enemy claim of 861460 tons The admiralty said that sink ings of German and Italian ves sels and of ships useful to the enemy during May were esti mated at 239000 tons and that the total of these losses from the be ginning of the war to June 10 was estimated at 3211000 888000 tons of German ships 1203000 Italian and 84000 use ful to the enemy TWO ARE EXECUTED CHICAGO Riley 38 and prville Watson 28 both of Detroit died in the electric ly Friday for the slaying of a Chicago undertaker during a tav ern holdup in 1939 Brings 3 Dozen Pairs of Silk Envy of British Women LONDON Jacque line Cochran first woman to fly a bomber across the Atlantic ar rived in London Friday after de livering an Americanbuilt Hud son bomber and instantly became the onvy of every woman in Eng brought three dozen pnirs of silk stockings with her It was the American flyers first flight across Ihe Atlantic but she said she was at the controls all the way and had a wonderful trip completely without incident She said her plans were not complete but added that she probably would fly back to the United States and hoped to fly more bombers across My only companion was Capt Grafe Carlisle who captained the craft and did the navigating snid Miss Cochran who in pri vate life is Mrs Floyd Odium The shin was wonderful to handle she continued This was my first trip across ilie At lantic and we had plenty of sand wiches boiled eggs and tomato juice She said 13 was her lucky num ber and promptly got room 913 in a London hotel I think British women are do ing a wonderful wartime job she commented and I want to meet more of them Reds Calm Say No Foe to Cross Line MOSCOW was no outward indication in Moscow Fvi invasion but the government newspaper Izvestia declared that neither through the forests nor the steppes mountains nor seas will the enemy ever step across the forbidden boundary While the capital was perfect ly calm intensive training of the red army and its Asserves was under way throughout the soviet union The Russians were represented as ready to answer blow iSublow any attempt to violate the soviet frontlet This stand was reiterated by Izvestia when it said the enemy would never trespass on the far tlung borders I7vestias declara tion came in a description of the special border units ot the NKVD state police who keep watch all year round day and night afoot on horses and camels or drawn by reindeer The words gave full geographi cal scope lo the watchfulness of the soviety union over her fron tiers London Ankara and other capitals have heard rumors for days that Germany was massing troops on her eastern frontier for a possible drive against the soviet union Nothing in the behavior of au thorities or the population sug gests the imminence of conflict The press devoted n major part of its space to routine problems of industry and agriculture editorial of Pravda communist party organ for example was di rected against idlers while the midday radio described the life of Leningrad workers on vacation rest homes and sanatoriums on thc shores of the Gulf of Finland Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Generally fair and con tinued warm Friday night Sat urday and probably Sunday MINNESOTA Partly cloudy cooler northwest Friday Sat urday partly cloudy scattered thunderstorms and cooler west and north portions IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 83 Minimum Thursday night S3 At 8 a m Friday 75 YEAR AGO Maximum 71 Minimum EXTENDED FORECAST Extended weather forecast for the period from p m June 20 to p m June Upper Alississippi valiey The temperature will be well above normal with falling trend in Min nesota Saturday and becoming cooler generally late in period Rainfall will he moderate with recurrent showers in Minnesota and northern Wisconsin and most ly light showers occuring late in period remainder of district Starts Fight With Wife Turns in Fire Alarm to Get Help CHARLESTON S Car The next time Oliver Dillard picks a fight it wont be with his wife Police records show Dillarci started a fight with his wife but when she apparently got the best of him he turned in a fire alarm A dozen firemen and six police responded and stopped the fight In police court Dillard pleaded guilty to starting the fight and paid a fine of PURCHASES COMPANY POSTVILLE Olson Decornh has bought out the Meyer Implement company here takin immediate possession this week LOOK INSIDE FOR DR HENRY GADD HARMON Missourian Elected President of Drake U PAGE 2 Firemens Celebration Planned for Elmore STATE PAGE Rigney Rejected in Army Draft Exam SPORTS PAGF RUTHLESS ACT President Roosevelt Makes Pronouncement in Message to Congress WASHINGTON AP President Roosevelt described the sinkingof the Robin Moor Friday as ruthless and the act of an international out law and declared that the United States did not propose lo yield use of the high seas to Germany The president made his pronouncement on the sink ing of the American vessel in a special message to con gress which permitted of stronger language than a formal diplomatic note Mr Roosevelt stated with out qualification that the vessel was sunk ly a German submarine Full reparations for Ihe losses and damages suf fered by American nation al the president said will be expected from the German government The Robin Moor went down in the South Atlantic on May 21 and all its passengers and c r e w subsequently reached safety Survivors said a German submarine torpedoed a n d shelled the ship First word of the sinking came a when the Brazilian ship Ozono flashed word she had picked up a lifeboat containing U survivors Then on June IG a British vessel arrived at Cane town with the other 35 persons who had been on the Jtobin Moor The first boatload of survivors picked up drifted in the mid Atlantic 18 days while the others drifted for 13 days Mr ixsevelt said Ihe gen eral purposs of the sinking would appear to be drive American commerce from the ocean wherever such commerce was considered a disadvantage to German designs Its specific purpose he said would appear to be interruption ot our trade with all friendly countries We must he added lake it that notice has now been served upon us that no American ship or cargo on any of the seven seas can consider itself immune from acts of piracy Notice is served on us in effect that the German reich proposes so to intimidate the United States that we would be dissuaded from carrying out our chosen policy of helping Britain to survive In brief we must take the sinking of Ihe Robin Mooias a warning to the United States not to resist the nazi movement world conquest It is a warning that the United States may use thc high seas of thc world only with nazi consent Were we to yield on this we would inevitably submit in world domination at the hands of the present leaders of thc German reich We are not yielding and we do not propose to yield Mr Roosevelt told the legisla tors the implications ot the inci dent might be less serious if it could be regarded apart from a more general background But it must be interpreted he said in the light of n declared and active ly pursued policy of frightfulnesj and intimidation which has been used by the German reich as an instrument of international pol icy The present leaders ot Germany have not hesitated the president declared to engage in acts ot cruelty and many other forms of terror against the innocent and helpless in other countries This government can only as sume he continued that the government of the German reich hones through thc commission of such infamous act1 of cuelly to helpless and innocent men wom en and children to intimidate the United Stales and other nations ;