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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 20, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HIST DEFT s t HEM 4 AS r or COMP KOINE HOME EDITION VOL XLVI NEWSPAMK THAT MAKfS AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHIOM ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS rUIi LEASBD WTOTS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JUNE 20 1940 THB PAFEB CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 220 F R FORMS COALITION CABINET 2 OUTSTANDING GOPMENARE GIVEN OFFICES Stimson Is Nominated Secretary of War and Knox to Navy Post yASHINGTON U P President Roosevelt Thursday formed a coalition cabinet by nominating important repub licans to head the two defense L Stim son as secretary of war and Frank Knox as secretary navy The stunning action by the president shattering political on the eve of the formal opening of the GOP nation al convention in Philadel phia where republican leaderseven now are seek ing tp draft a platform criticizing Mr Roosevelts conduct of the prepared ness program The nomination of Knox publisher of the Chicago Daily News and GOP candi date for the vice presidency in 1936 had been rumored for some time but the inclusion imson inthe cabinet t ill stitte war under Presi dent William Howard Taft Both Knox and Stimson have supported most aspects of the presidents foreign policy Stim son as secretary of state laid down the American policy of non recognition of territorial c o re quests by force in connection with Japans conquest of Manehukuo In 1931 Knox recently fostered with the presidents approval a pro gram to popularize aviation train ing among American youths The plan is part of the larger adminis tration program to train some 50 000 civilian pilots during the com ing fiscal year The two republicans would take their cabinet posts at a time when a de program is bfing rushed full speed ahead under the combined energy of the war and navy departments and a non partisan civilian defense com mission recently appointed by Mr Roosevelt Stimson will lake the war post succeeding Harry Woodring as soon as the senate confirms his nomination The fact that Wood ring was resigning was not made public until Stimsons nomination was announced Knox if confirmed by then will assume office when Secretary of the Navy Charles Edison steps out from the post next Monday Edison is the democratic partys nominee for governor of New Jer sey h e nominations astounded members of the senate where a majority vote confirming them is necessary to put the coalition cab inet into operation Students of government said pending a search of records that action was unpar alelled in this country The white house said that Woodrinjrs reasons for resigning were so personal that the text of his letter would not be made public In accepting it jir Roosevelt praised the Kansas democrats work since he suc ceeded to Ihe babinet post The president wrote Woodring that the current preparedness pro gram is of course a defensive program not aimed at intervention in world affairs which do not con cern the American hemisphere The president submitted the two republican nominations without comment He previously had indi cated that he had no immediate intentions of forming a coalition cabinet despite frequent consulta tions at the white house with Knox Senator Burton K Wheeler D Mont shown a United Press dis patch reporting the cabinet shifts was almost speechless When he recovered he said not surprised because both of these men have ocen strong ad FKANK KNOX navy secretary HENRY L STIMSON war secretary foreignvpolicyrarid from thejrut bejievjethey would glad no see this country1 go to the declaring war Senator Styles Bridges R N II a candidate for the republi can presidential nomination rushed from the senate shout ing Is this true Assured that it was he said lie was incapable of comment Senator Bennett C Clark D Mo shouted in amazemenl who Senators gathered in little clus ters with surprise written all over their faces Their conversation buzzed so Joudly that Senator John E Miller D Ark who was pre siding suspended business for sev eral minutes Senator Arthur H Vandenberg R Mich a republican presiden tial candidate looked glum as he strolled to the desk of Senate Mi Last Coll for Census The books for the 1940 census of Mason City are about to be closed Are you sure you and your family have been count ed If not be sure to fill out the blank below and send im mediately to the census office in the Mason City postoffice building Have You Been IN THE CENSUS ENUMERATION OF MASON CITY IF SO PLEASE REPORT YOUR NAME NAME ADDRESS Number in Mail or turn in to the census office in the Mason City postoffice or Phone No 1276 LYON FALLS TO Germans Surge Farther Over IIA7IC Dl AMCC France Declare Reprisals IWflO mtniJ Against England Have Beg RAIDBORDEAUX Landon States F R Must Have Disavowed 3rd Term Original Coalition Cabinet Proposals Had Such Promises nority Nary Leader Charles L Mc Senator William H King D Utah told the senate he hoped there will be prompt action on confirmation of these illustrious men Knox is 66 years old A native of Boston lie served with Theo dore Boosevelts Hough Riders m the SpanishAmerican war He was overseas in the World war from May 1918 until February 1919 sewing in the artillery He holds his colonelcy in the 356th field artillery reserve The 73 year old Stimson like Knox served with the artillery in France He became a colonel in 1918 Born in New York City he became a member of the bar in 1891 and after a career in Jaw and politics was secretary of war under President Taft governor general of the Philippines secre tary of state under President Hoo ver chairman of tlie American delegation to the 1930 London naval conference and chairman of the American delegation in the 1932 disarmament conference The Weather FORECAST Probably some local showers or thunderstorms Thursday niKht or Friday ex ceptv cloudy extreme northeast Thursday night somewhat warmer Friday west portion MINNESOTA Partly cloudy to cloudy Thusday night and Friday except fair northeast Thursday night local showers or thunderstorms southwest and by Friday southeast not quite so cool west and south Thurs day night somewhat wanner Friday IN MASON CITY 73 48 GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Wednesday Minimum Wednesday night At 8 a m Thursday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Rain PHILADELPHIA dent Roosevelt must have given Frank Knftx and Henry L Stim sonassurances that he would not be a third term candidate former Gov AltM Landon told the two distinguished republicanshad been apjipUited1 the cabinet Republican party leaders told the United Press that Mr Roose velt accompanied original coali tion cabinet proposals some weeks ago with a promise that he would not be a third term candidate Whether he made renunciation of a third term dependent at that time on republicans joining the cabinet was not revealed here AC An hour after the news of ap pointment of Henry L Stimson as secretary of war and Frank Knox as secretary of navy astonished G O P leaders here had no word from them as to the basis upon which they entered Mr Roose velts cabinet To say that G O P big wigs gathered here for next weeks national convention were almost shell shocked by the news is to put it mildly But in a flurry of statements they uniformly con gratulated the president on pick ing two good men for two hard jobs The third term matter how ever was uppermost in all minds accompanied by belief that Mr Roosevelt may have reiterated earlier assurances that he would not run again Lniidon 1936 republican presi dential nominee who refused three weeks ago to enten into a coalition cabinet expressed hope Slimson had not regarding Mr that Knox and been misled v Roosevelts political intentions Mr Stimson and Colonel Knox have followed their own best judgments and conscience Lan don told the United Press I wish them well And I hope they have not been misled in such assur ances as must have been given them regarding the third term movement The country is to be congratulated that Mr Roosevelt has taken action to repair two weak ant vita positions in na tional defense BoyFromWar Zone Arrives in North Iowa CHARLES Boko ruch 16 year old boy who is a native of Jugoslavia arrived this week to join his parents and make iis permanent home here The young man left Genoa before Italy declared war on France here by the way of Gibraltar He said the boat was crowded and there was much tension His second class reservation was changed to third class but he did not mind as long as he was coni ng to a free country He is an expert photographer but was not allowed to bring his camera He did bring some pic tures His parents live on a small acreage and they have a married daughter in Jugoslavia BULLETINS NEW YORK explo sion occurred Thursday at 17 Battery place the building in which the German consulate is housed Details were not inune on the 18th floor where the on the tiu4 Ute has part of ite One person wax hurt LONDON ministry of information announced Thursday night It is a ridic ulous suggestion that an order has been made or contemplated for the arrest of the Duke of BORDEAUX France formed observers say the word from Adolf Hitler which will gov ern Frances action toward or against an armistice and peace is expected sometime during the night if BORDEAUX UP The French government left Bor deaux Thursday for a new site believed to be Biarritz LONDON Reuters British news agency reported from Bordeaux Thursday nisht that the French government an nounced its decision to leave Bordeaux in order that it maj be considered an open town MADRID dis patches from Bordeaux Thursday said that Former Premier Pierre Laval would replace Marshal Pc tain as French premier R O SI E official Rome radio said Thursday that Ihe French government had or dered its fleet to report immedi ately o the nearest French port whether on the continent or in Algeria The broadcaster said that Jhe ships were instructed on reaching port to await fur ther orders BERLIN harbor fa culties at Bristol and South ampton and airplane bases in the regions of those cities were bombed by German air raiders DXB the official German news agency said Thursday BORDEAUX F r a n c c Telephone delays in informing Adolf Hitler of the appointment of French peace negotiators may have been responsible for Wed nesday nights bombing of Bor deaux some sources suggested the dead were esti mated at 150 and the injured at 300 The delays occurred in Spain through which the armistice mes sages have been transmitted to Germany ROME has replied to Frances request for an arm istice that she would fix a date and place for the negotiations after she had been notified of the names of the French pleni potentiaries The Italian reply was the as that given by Germany SLIGHT FIRE DAMAGE HINGHAM Mass fire i a building at the U S navys ammunition depot here early Thursday frightened residents over a wide area but caused only slight damage White Plane Goes to Peace Parley French Ministers Assemble BORDEAUX gave up her third largest city Lyon to German invaders Thursday while a snowwhite plane carried her supplicants for 1 soldiers peace to a rendezvouswith Adolf Hitler or his agents The jeich fuehrers terms for halting the blitzkrieg still were undisclosed publicly The French council of minis ters meeting with President Lc brun pondered the grave situa tion of France amid uncon firmed reports that the French somehow had previewed the Hitler terms had found them too harsh and had decided to continue the fight Possibly from French North Africa A communique said that the president and ministers went into an hourand a hall session at 9 a m 2amCSTJbut ihe an nouncement gave ho reason Jor the meeting The presence of Lebrun at least amended one phase o the BYance willfighton rumors for ithad been said that the president as well as other leaders had gone or were ready to go to Algiers a de partment of France in North Africa there to set up the struc ture ot government for a con tinued fight V if The most exact if incom plete word on the future of France however was that a white plane of painted to spare it from German airmen and antiaircraft gun a southern French airport early Thursday morn inf with three French plenipo tentiaries to receive the Ger man terms f From Germany came the dis closure that the peace plane al ready had landed somewhere far behind the everadvancing Ger man front Delivery of the peace terms to France not be conclusive They must be acted upon by the French government Meanwhile the war went on As if to demonstrate the rcichs overpowering aerial superiority German planes during the night roared down upon this provisional capital on the Atlantic seaboard for Bordeaux1 forst bombardment of the war Unofficial estimates said that more than 60 persons were killed or injured Of Germanys new conquests of French foil the French reported that Lyon normal population 570000 was occupied by German forces driving down the Allier and Rhone valleys Lyon is a manu facturing and shipping center Only Paris and Marseille are larg er among the republics cities Five German parachutists drop ping behind the fighting front during the night were arrested the French said Reports from Lyon slightly more than 2H miles from Paris and about the same distance from Marseille Mediterranean port said the city was calm and public services were function ing It was pointed out that France should choose to continue the fight from Africa she and Britain could squeeze Italian Li bya A large part of the French navy presumably is in the Medi terranean and in Spain it was said French military planes had been flying in large numbers from France to North Africa It was re ported Thursday from Geneva however French warplanes and troops from North Africa had crossed the Mediterranean to help Ihe French armies in France halt the German cast drive in the south Claim Capture of Brest Many War Prisoners Taken BERLIN military might surged farther over France Thursday engulfing Brest on the Brittany coast and Lyon near the Alpine frontier even as contact was made with French peace emissaries and an aerial blitzkrieg vas launched against England Significantly the German high command declared that its air force nosv has begun reprisals against England It reported capture of Brest a port of entry for thousands of American doughboys of 19171918 but it remained for the French to acknowledge occupation ot Lyon their third largest city A snowwhite plane carried the French envoys to an undisclosed meeting place behind the German lines to receive the German price far peace The word that General Charles Huntziger Leon Noel former French ambassador to Poland Vice Admiral Lelric and Avia tion General Gergeret had been namedby the French govern ment to receive the terms was relayed through Spain if if Tiie message reached the Ger man government at 1 a m 5 p m Wednesday C S T and was relayed to Adolf Hitler three hours later The high command ot the Ger man forces thereupon gave the necessary instructions immediately and made preparations for receiv ing the French armistice delega tion said a German announce ment It did not however give the time or place for the meeting Brest and Lyon were but seg ments of the German victory across the width of France Swiftmoving columns also crossed the lower Loire river be tween Nantes near lie mouth and Tours erstwhile provisional capital of Hie French govern ment The reich added more than 200 000 men to its legions of war pris oners according to the high com mands daily communique and among them was General AHmey er commander of the French 10th army The 200000 represented Wednesdays captures The high command pictured the aerial assault on England as pay ment for nighttime allied raids on unfortified German towns since May 10 These havebeen marie mostly by British planes The Ger mans almost invariably have ac cused the British ot attacking nonmilitary objectives Since May 10 the commun ique said enemy planes mainly British continuously raided open German towns at night Wednes day night again eight civilians fell victim to these attacks The German air force now has begun retaliation against England In the course of the night of June 1920 fighting Plane units attacked a big nitro gen plant at Billingham an es pecially important British arm ament center with numerous heavy caliber bombs Big fires visible over 50 kilometers about Sfl miles distant showed the to subsequent attack units This meant that succeeding squadrons of attackers were guided to the target by the beacon like fires of the first bombard ment Furthermore the communique went on gasoline stores in Hull were fired Hull a port on the eastern English coast The British said that more than 100 planes took part in the attack the most extensive thus far Six civilians were killed and some 60 un were Abounded At sea the high command said two motor torpedo boats destroyed a 4000ton steamer close to the English channel coast a subma rine sank a tanker of 8000 tons and another succeeded in shoot ing three ships in convoy As against the allies loss of 21 I planes Wednesday the high com nand said six German planes ire missing As a symbol ot Germanys command of the French frontier region once protected by the Maginot line the reich war flag was said to be flyinr from Strasbourg cathedral while to the south a union was reached between German troops in the Belfort region at he end of the Maginot line and their comrades from across the Rhine Entrapped remnants of the French eastern army in northern Lorraine were said to have been pressed together even tighter in the region of the Moselle between Epinal ami Toul as welt as in the central southern pirl of the upper Vosges Epinal Toul and Luncville are in German hands Fighting still continues on the Maginot line at either side of Diedenhofcn said the daily communique The Maginot line was again broken through to the west Wissembourg Dive bombers and fighting squadrons destroyed the greater part of the fortified works Everywhere that nests ot re were formed by the French force gaveblasting support to the advancing German troops tanks and armored cars The place and the hour of the meeting between the German and French armistice represen tatives not disclosed Auth orized quarters declined flatly to discuss the probable duration of the talks which is is gener ally believed will be confined to the solemn submission of Hit lers terms The German press and radio re peatedly reported that the French government was in disagreement over laying down arms but em phasized that this was of no con sequence Authorized sources expressed annoyance over reports abroad that Italy would be shut out of the actual armjstice sumably to follow some time after presentation of the German terms Such talk was called utter non sense and it was recalled that Premier Mussolini helped Hitler at Munich to formulate the de maricis to he handed to the French plenipotentiaries 50000 FRENCH LEAVE MAGINOT LINE DEFENSES Place of Meeting for French Envoys Reported in Northern France By THE ASSOCIATED PRKSS Hostilities between France and the axis armies are ex pected to cease Friday 01 Saturday at the latest the official Italian news agency reported Thursday asserting that French plenipotentiaries have started back to Bor deaux with the terms dic tated by Hitler and Mussolini The place of meeting lie tween the French envoys who arrived in a snow white plane somewhere in Germanoccupied north ern France was not given Berlin blaming the difficulties of news transmission via Spain said a French government com munication naming Frances four peace did not reach til 1 a mThursday 5 jvrri C S T Wednesday It couW be transmitted to the fuehrer only at 4 a m the broadcast said The high command thereupon save the necessary instructions immediately and made prepara tions for receiving the French armistice delegation Frances Premier Marshal Henri Philippe Petain 84 year old World war hero of Verdun anrt coiner Ihemagnetic phrase they shall not pass in that conflict told his countrymen in a radio broadcast why he had been compelled to ask for peace France lost the fight to Ger many he said because they had fewer friends than in 13141918 young men less arms ton few allies The French air force he said was outnumbered six to one and he added sorrowfully Today France is a witness to sad days but will learn our lesson from the lost battle Hitlers high c o m m a n d meanwhile announced the fall Jhird terms were being discussed Frances battered armies Germanys mechanized might French aVrnv Hi Ihe lower Seine Germany took Cherbourg of T I rnr chrarniy rrmains in Alps along the forces seek to capture Jroons trapped in the Maginot line area around Nancy Other late developments in elude German air raid England mass rights Frcnvh Planes headed for Africa B and a rrporcrt air battle off NicV in which German planes were shot down l ;