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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 19, 1941, Mason City, Iowa H I STORY AND DCS KOINES ARCH I VES t A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION VOL XLVI1 ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU I1TASEP WIRES THE KEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JUNE 19 1941 MASON CITY THl MIGHT Tins PAPER CONSISTS OF FOUR SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 215 FjNNS SPEED WAR PREPARATIONS Nazi Note Asks US They lop Are Americans J 1 Oil Income Important to Trinidad EDITORS NOTE Tbls la anotbtr of a scries ol articles written by IV Earl 1111 Maon city GlobeGazelle managing editor in the course of a lour throagb South America as one ot a party ol 12 tuests ot the Carnecie Endowment for International 1cacc Number 87 By W EARL HALL PORT OF SPAIN Trinidad Petroleum since its discovery and exploitation on the large scale in the past SO years has yielded about half of this little islands total in come In its contribution to gov ernment through taxation it has ranked even around threefourths In fact the revenue from petroleum ex po r t s largely handled by three com panies one Dutch British one South Af r i c a n and Standard of New Jersey has been quite laigely used in a n ambitious Earl endeavor to develop the islands agricultural resources For many years planters were engaged almost solely in the nur ture of cocoa beans from which chocolate It was a onecrop Viand Then about a years ago a blight hit these trees raising havoc Here the colonial government stepped in with subsidies designed to promote diversified farming Casting about the authorities hit upon two crops coffee with stock from Guatemala and citrus fruit with stock from Florida It was my good fortune in my few hours on the island to meet up with the man most responsible for and most familiar with the devel opment of the citrus fruit industry Charles Anderson brother of the business head of the Wisconsin State Journal at Madison an A W Lee paper For eijrhl years Air Anderson was manaffing chief of the Trini dad citrus association Formerly he had been identified in a legal capacity with a fruit growers group in Florida and his experi ence there was most helpful to the association down here Before he came to his assign ment government authorities had surveyed the world situation and decided that grapefruit rather than oranges would be Trinidads best bet This proved a mistake for the reason that a world beset by bad times is prone to give up grapefruit as a dispensable luxury whereas oranges have established themselves as a necessary health food At present the citrus industry here is definitely in a had way Despite two abnormally dry years there is an abundance of gnipc Iruit smallish as to size But there arc no bolloms to get the fruit to Europe and too few ships for the Canadian market Trinidad has come out second best in its competition with Africa for the worlds chocolate trade The devastating blight of about 1930 has proved a serious handi cap It has developed too thai Trinidads climale has a bit too much of dry heat for best results in this field The agriculturally minded members of our group found our visit to a cocoa plantation ex tremely interesting The hcans from which the chocolate is de rived grow within a Riant pod on a short stem and directly out of the tree branch Some pods contain as many ns 50 or fio beans The cocoa tree attains a height of from 15 to 20 feet and in order to protect it from the heat of the midday tropical sun it is neces sary to provide a dense shade For this purpose a giant fastgrowing tree known as the immortelle has been employed Shorter weed growth covers the ground too by design Trinidad has a rolling terrain with ite loftiest mountain rising lo an altitude of 3000 feet In its natural state the land is covered with a semijungle vegetation held back somewhat by an annual dry season which corresponds roughly to our own winter Temperatures range from an occasional Do de grees to an occasional fi5 A K 12 There is a wide range of crops but cercak apples peaches and American Express Firm Advised to Leave in Retaliatory Measure BULLETIN ROME Thursday requested the United States to close all American consulates in Italy and Italian occupied terri tory by July 15 BERLIN Thurs day night asked the United States o remove all consular and Ameri can Express company employes torn Germany Norway Holland Belgium Luxembourg occupied France Serbia and occupied Greece not later than July 15 This was done in a note handed ay the German foreign ministry io the United States charge daf faires This was retaliation in kind for a similar action against Germany only last Monday by President Roosevelt The president ordered closing all German consulates in the United States and removal of all onsular personnel before July 10 The American order also re quired the closing of the German library of information and the tourist bureau and the German Transocean news agency German consular officials said Undersecretary ot State Sumner Welles were accused of engaging in activities harmful to the Unit ed States All American consulates in the places listed in the note must be closed by July 15 the note said Theconduct of consular and travel agency employes for long has been highly objectionable was the explanation of DNB Ihe official German news agency The American representative DNB said has been furnished with a list of activities by United States officials declared to be in jurious to the state and outside the legitimate information serv ice of the American The charge daffaires who re ceived the German communique MS Leland Morris The allegations of activities injurious to the state which DNB said came from a responsible source included charges that 1 The consul at FrankfurlAm Main Sidney Redecker in the fall of 1939 delivered addresses in support of propaganda unfriend ly to Germany and passed on information concerning militarily secretive war and economy prob lems 2 That Consul Orsen Nielson and Consul Roy Bower in Munich during the course of the year 1D40 were active in hostility to ward Germany in that they in the presence of German person alities made disapproving obser vations about Germany and the German government US ALSO TOLD TO QUIT OCCUPIED EUROPEAN AREA Seek Safe Conduct for Nazi Consuls WASHINGTON United States has requested Great Britain to assure safe conduct through the blockade for all Ger man consular officials in this country it was learned authori tatively Thursday as the first move in carrying out President Roosevelts order that they depart by July 10 because of acts inimi cal to the welfare of this country The obligations as well as Ihe interests of the United States are that the German officials be safely transported to heir homes it was explained and not be permitted to transfer their operations to Latin Ameri can republics where axisin spired activities already exist Asked whether any action would be taken to prevent the ousted nazi officials from going to other American republics Un dersecretary of State Sumner Welles emphasized that arrange ments were for their direct return to their homeland The state deEartments prompt action in undertaking to arrange for safe conduct through the British blockade was described in informed quarters as presaging a flat rejectionof the German gov ernments protest against the white house order Welles provided a broad hint Wednesday that the German pro test would be rejected when he said he had informed Hans Thorn sen the German envoy itwould be given consideration At the same time however the undersecretary disclosed that arrangements were already under way or the departure of ail estimated 125 consular offi cers and employes in 24 Ameri can cities on the ground they had engaged in activities wholly outside the scope of their legitimate duties and of im proper and unwarranted char acter Under the normal procedure it was said Great Britain would nccord safe conduct to the con sular officials in the same man ner they permitted Admiral Al berto Lais Italian naval attache to return to Italy after he had been charged with implications in the sabotage of Italian ships here and requested to leave 2 Taking Trip to Attend Funeral Killed SIOUX CITY to a funeral at Ellendale N Dak Mrs Doris Scluitt Columbus Nebr and Mrs AmVia Lindee SB Omaha were fataliinjured Wednesday when the car which they were riding hurtled 1 10 fool embankment and crashed through a fence near Wausau Nebr berries of all kinds arc conspicu ously lacking These seem to call for a period of dormancy which is not possible with the allyear temperature as high as it is here Thus far no coal or lignite has been found on the island nor have any minerals been found Geolog ists report that features which in other lands have accompanied gold and diamonds are present here Hope therefore persists There are indications that petroleumunder lies the entire island and even the many shallow harbors And so we come back lo oil as the principal producer and the principal hope of wealth on this wholly interesting little island the last stop on our Carnegie groups four of Latin America Strategic importance of Trini dad on the northern coast of South America is indicated by this map of western hemisphere defense Mrs Hormel and Refugees Puts Heavy Pressure on Soviet Russia This feature conducted by DeWtit Mackenzie is beinif written in his absence on vaca tion by Fred Vanderschmidt Left to right ace Mrs IlormelWdinB Callum D DYKSTRA QUITS DEFENSE POST Feels He Should Go Back to Duties as Wisconsin U President WASHINGTON Roosevelt Thursday accepted ef fective July 1 the resignation of Clarence A Dykstra as chairman of the defense mediation board Mr Roosevelt in accepting the resignation did not specify his choice of a successor for Dykslra White house Secretary Stephen T Early said he could not say whether Dykstra would be succeeded by Vice Chairman William H Davis wiio often iias served as acting head of the mediation agency f Dykstra submitted his resigna tion to return to his post as prcsi dent of the University of Wiscon sin from which he was drafted by Mr Roosevelt last year to head the selective service system and later to head the new mediation board In his letter of resignation Dykstra reminded the president that at the time of his draft last year he had hoped to divide his time evenly between the univer sity and Washington But he pointed out that his government duties had been occupying all of his time and he now feels that he should return to Ihc educa tional post Roosevelt acquiesced o his release with the proviso that Dykstra will remain on call for Dane service in future major defense labor controversies V Meanwhile Early indicated that Mr Roosevelt has no disposition to intervene personally in a strike of 1700 AFL and CIO machinists at San Francisco which is holding up 5200000000 in new ship con struction on the west coast Early pointed out that Interna tional President Harvey Brown of the machinists still is in San Fran cisco attempting to get the men back to work and indicated that so long as Browns efforts to set tle the issue continue there is no consideration hero or further di rect action from the white house LOOK INSIDE FOR COOLTO ARMING MERCHANT SHIPS ROBERT WATSONWATT His Plane Locator Is Offered U S by Britain PAGE 2 Thornburg Will Speak at Emmetsburg July 4 STATE PAGE County Mutual i Probed Secretary Held O N A W A Investigators continued Thursday to check the books of the Monona County Farmers Mutual Fire and Light ning association while its secre tary Sanford Wallace 47 stood charged in district court with em bezzling more than S20 of the associations funds County Attor ney Albert M Prichard said Wal lace signed a statement admitting he had taken about of the associations funds for his own use Prichard signed the district court complaint Dog Plays Ball CHARLOTTE N Car stray dog wandered into a base ball box score here Bob Oltiz right fielder of the Charlotte Piedmont league team clouted the ball to deep right field and tore out for first As he neared the bag a spotted terrier long of car and tail dashed from the stands He caught Ortiz at first and stuck with him all the way to third where Ortiz beat him and the ball by a slide Then the terrier grabbed Ortizs cap and made merry around the in field In the Charlotte lineup the Newr carried Hie footnote yStray dog In the summary yRan with Ortiz in the ninth Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Fair and contin ncd warm Thursday and Fri day Fresh southerly wind with temperatures or highci Thursday and Friday after noons IOWA Generally fair and con Hitler has calculated and timed the GermanTurkish treaty of friendship so that it will add the greatest possible weight lo his military pressure on Russia The effect on Britain is not so immedi ate although the treaty is of course intended by tiie nazis as a war politics weapon in Ihcir long range strategy against the British in the near east The treaty closes the last ef fective route by which weslcru aid might conceivably reach Russia al a time when Germany seems lo he telling the Soviets thai they must cither cuter into a stale of economic political and military subjugation or fiphl an enormous concentration nf nayi troops from the Baltic to the Black sea It shuts off the air bases from which British planes might attack German troops in Russia The Blacksea already is so fringed with German air power that it would be a trap for the British fleet although Turkey might un der previous obligations be re quired to let that fleet get through the Dardanelles to go to Russias aid The Turkish pact permits Ger many to begin the familiar process nf j llaiu of infiltration and domination ol Turkey to weaken Turkish rei sislance in preparation for theday when the reich may find it con venient to use Asia Minor as a military road to Syria and Suez Britain is not surprised nor are there any illusions in London about the treatys escape clause which on paper permits the con tinuation of the TurkishBritish alliance This treaty negotiated almost exactly two years ago pledged France Britain and Tiir e of EUROPE HEARS RUMOR OF NEW GERMAN MOVE Swedish Press Reports Red Borders Tense Children Being Moved By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Finland called up reserves and the government sharply curtailed civilian train traffic lo facilitate military preparations Thursday as Europe stirred with rumors of an impending new German war stroke By presidential decree all Fin nish reserve officers were made regular army officers H appeared evident thai Fin land dominated by Germans and arch foe of soviet Russia was making lastminute prep arations for a new conflict Dispatches from Helsinki the Finnish capital said the populace calmly and quietly was obeying measures to safeguard their in dependence as they did in 103 when the war with Russia broke out The Helsinki newspaper Sano mat declared that circumstances outside our control may give events a turn that can jeopardize our sovereignty peace and liberty to the extent that we are forced to defend them with everything our power Only a few days ago Helsinki reports said Russia was with drawing troops from the soviet military base at Hanko Finland on which Russia had a 30 year Such Move Would Invite Axis Attacks W A S HI N G T O N IP senate showed distinct coolness Thursday to the idea of arming American merchant ships against submarines several legislators de claring that such a move would invite axis attacks fiance Britain and 1 The discussion was predicated help each other in casi on President RooseveUs stale act ot aggression which might ment that the United States had lowar e Mediterranean plans in complete readiness for arming her merchantmen Mr Roosevelt was replying to a ques tion regarding the torpedoing ot I the Robin Moor and his words I V I llavc 111i were considered a hint that the TuIhcyV T1 necessary orders would be issued j if developments warranted i region Bui the pact went inlo a state of coma with the fall of France very made il plain she would not finht un less attacked Senator Morris Iml She kept her powder drv when while saytnfr he had not studied Germany swept throusli he B 1 the entire situation Inlrt j the entire situation told report ers he questioned the effective ness of armine merchant vcs ans and as a result was almost completely isolated from Britain Britain has been trying to unlock that isolation by her advance lauiiiiwii oy ncr advance 11 senators who through Syria but her progress be has not been swift enough lo Ankara Turkey forced inlo the position of n little Russia unwilling to take the risk of military destruc led that it did not work during j Jion at n time when hc could gel the World war he added appar ently in reference to the period after American entry before the One of the blocked arming o een sw to lore the nation entered the World counter lie German pressure on war in 1917 Norris said that arm ing ships would not give them much protection Even President Wilson admit lillle help signed he pact in hope of gaining time praying that the something happen to upset convoy system was inaugurated e German war wagon before One highlyplaced senator who iias been a key figure in the enactment of administration for eign policy legislation expressed the hope that the president would eorne to congress before taking such a step He said it was doubt ful that the mere arming of ships would protect them and added that if that were done other and more drastic action was almost certain to follow Senator Herring D Iowa thought arming cargo ships would be getting mighty close to war Hitler finds the lime approprinte ne o ask or take something el so from Ihc Turkish Germanys tion in the military preoccupa cast already iias bright spot have been brought out one vcrv for the British They able lo give the western arsenals of the rcicii the worst aerial shel lacking of the war night after ight day after dny using hun dreds of plnnes Hitler part good ui reprisal Germanys plaiicsareon the eastern frontier and in the 111 and the events of on his has been unable to make his old threat of manifold war on two or three major fronts is a far different story This tinned warm and Friday MINNESOTA Partly cloudy and continued warm Thursday night and Friday except scattered nighttime thunderstorms nortV portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 82 Minimum Wednesday night 61 At 8 a m Thursday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation real protection and it would give submarines and surface raiders an excuse for firing on our boats regardless of whether they were at least German planes carrying contraband tcrcd the British oast in the from bcnator Connally fD i opening phase of the furious bit a member of the foreign tic of Knglaiiri relations committee came a statei from that of June I 1MO when relations bc at least inn German nlanps hit that an actual Thursday night ment that if it really is necessary 1 lo arm the vessels the president should do it himself If he sug gested legislation there would be interminable delays and it would take six months lo pass it Fort Dodge Man Is Killed in Accident WEBSTER CITY Ralph Johnson Fort Dodge died instant ly when his automobile left high way 69 on a curve six miles south of Jewell Wednesday night hur tled 60 or 70 fed through the air according tn eye witnesses and rolled over in a field no trace Roberts Educators Tie Selves Like Can to Tail of Democracy IOWA CITY that education of The belief the masses is one of the necessary elements in of democracy the preservation docs not hold Prof H T Little Finland exhausted and beaten in her own with soviet Russia in the winter of 193340 might find herself thrust back into conflict if war should break out between her two mighty neighbors Russia and Germany The Finns have shown keen fear nf being caught in the mid dle in any such struggle but there have been hints also that Finland and Russia might fight this time with the weight of German arms on Fin lands side Tin Swedish press and radin reported Iliat Russia is calling up reserves for military service than lens of thousands nf Kussian children are beingevac uated from soviet cities to safe areas in tin country Travelers from Finland were re ported by the Swedish radio In have aid that the calling of reser vists to the red army had been greatly intensified in the last few days Russian troops they said are pouring northward along the railroad from Leningrad into he areas of Finland ceded to the soviet at the conclusion of the Russo Finnish war It was saidthat railroad traffic on the lines north from Leningrad was almost exclusively given over to military transport Swedish papers in dispatches from Moscow said stream of Russian children i being dis patched from largo soviet cities lo rural regions V Four thousand children frutn 3800 from he Latvian cities and thousands from Len ingrad and Kiev already havn left the cities a dispatch said The official reason given is thai the children are taking their Reports from Helsinki said that British warships now are pa trolling Arctic waters off the har bor ot Petsamo and blocking all shipping from entering or leaving the Finnish port Moscow dispatches ifcscrihccl the city as calm with activity normal and Berlin declined In clarify the actual state of Flussn Gcrman relations beyond ari flond nf riimnrs is pnuring from Furopr lightning German diplo matic stroke neutralizing Turkey and virtually isolating Soviet Rus sia was followed Thursday by a thunderous series of rumors wholly the re ported rift between Russia anrt Germany had reached the fighting stage Germany and Turkey allies in the World war unexpectedly linked themselves in a friendship treaty Wednesday night and in formed British circles apparently college of education declared I break Wednesday night Education docs not preserve anything he assert ns now between ed adding that educators in themselves like a tin can to the 1 tail of democracy 1 Berlin and Mos cow They were tixlrcmcly skepti cal limvcvcr of roundabout rr pnrls nmanalinc from Tnrkrv fhal Germany or Gcrmandomi ;