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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 19, 1937, Mason City, Iowa f HIS MEM A DEFT Of I NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS H O ME EDITION VOL XLIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FWJU LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JUNE 19 1937 THIS PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS NO 218 Fail to Get Together FarmLabor Combination Could Be Unbeatable By CHARLES P STEWART 1 ASHINGTON Urban labor and agri culture ought to get together Generally speaking they have been fight i n g separate lights on capitol hill all through the deal and indefinitely backward into the days of the old deal Per haps they al ways have done so It is partic ularly no t i ce able that they are distinct forces now They dont exactly clash but at least they dont cooperate Occasionally they come into out right collision as in the rather re cent case of a chocolate plant in Pennsylvania where milk produc ers seeking to deliver their lacteal supplies to the management waged physical warfare against sitdown strikers in the factory itself Logical Partners Theoretically farmers and in dustrial workers should be part ners Their occupations are alike fun damentally The industrial work ers cant do without the farmers to provide them with their raw materials The farmers cant do without industrial workers to pro cess their stuff Middlemen from petty traders on up to huge capitalists are the folk who take advantage of them both ways Their natural policy should be to combine They would be an unbeatable al liance if they did There are more of them united than there could be of any other class or group classes Conflict Over Prices In practice they seem to feel that their interests conflict Take the matter of moneys value lor example cheap 5vtsanother are higtu The farmer likes that If implies that he sells his crops and wool and meat and dairy products at fancy figures He on his part doesnt have to buy much He raises what he eats on his own place He has his own doesnt have to pay rent If hes in debt he pays it off in cheap money Oh inflation is fine for to a certain point where it becomes ridiculous The urban worker however finds his living costs rising and his wages never rise nearly as fast as his living costs do Hes pinched for the farmers benefit When the thing is going the other way the farmer is pinched for his benefit FarmerLabor Party Theres a farmerlabor party which has sought to reconcile this conflict It isnt much of a party Outstanding in it is Senator Henrik Shipstead of Minnesota It has five members also in the house of representatives Senator Shipstead is a mighty influential senator So are some of the representa tives in the lower house mighty influential But theyre all influential as in in any partisan sense Theyre not influential as labor ites and as farmerites the two dont mix Individuals Effective Senator Shipstead seems to me to be the most effective farmer laborite on capitol hill The late William P Connery of Massachusetts as chairman of the house labor committee was the most nearly 100 per cent spokes man of labor at the capitol I think Id say that Senator John H Bankhead of Alabama is the most purely agricultural of the bunch It may seem tunny to speak of Bankhead ahead ol our solons from the middlewest All the same he strikes me as a farm er par excellence Both to Blame Well the two basic interests should and urban industry They dont do it Their failure to do it is the fault of both They fight between themselves They havent got a genuine farm erlabor party The farmers are more to blame than the laborites are The labor ites at least have some leadership although it may be disputed The farmers havent got any even disputed effectively Boy 9 Drowns in Keokuk Quarry Pit KEOKUK ff John Thomas Brown 9 years old drowned Sat urday morning in a water filled quarry pit here He Js the second boy to drown in that pit within the last two months The body was re covered by a police rescue crew two hours after the drowning He had been swimming with an older brother MARTIAL LAW IN JOHNSTOWN Francos Insurgent Armies Enter Basque City OCCUPATION OF BILBAO MEETS NO RESISTANCE Church Bells Ring in Other Cities Held by Rebels Bridges Blown Up HENDAYE FrancoSpanish Frontier headquarters of insurgent Generalissimo Fran cisco Franco announced late Sat urday that the insurgent armies had entered the Basque capital of Bilbao at p m a m central standard without resistance The announcement expected almost hourly during the last week of climactic and furious siege was flashed by insurgent radio stations through Francos territory Church bells rang in the other towns held by the insur gents There was however no imme diate confirmation from Basque government sources Pittsburgh of Spain Bilbao is the Pittsburgh of Spain the center of the auton omous Basque country along the Biscay bay which is vital to any military cause because of its min eral lands and heavy industries It has been under direct insur gent siege for almost three months In its 700 years of history it never before has succumber to attack The Franco announcement also was made by the official news agency m Berlin which sides with the insurgents m the Spanish civU The entrance of trie insurgent columns was announced to newspapermen on the Franco Spanish border by the Franco headquarters at Irun which was taken by the insurgents early in the 11 months war 300000 in City Last reports from the Bilbao scene indicated 300000 men wom en and children were in the city Many in urgent need of food and water The Basque autonomous government had moved to a small town to the west Trucios It still holds Santander 45 miles west of Bilbao The Basques are allied with Hie central Spanish govern ment which still holds Madrid in central Spain its permanent capi tal Valencia its temporary capi tal on the eastern coast and au tonomous Catalonia in northeast ern Spain In the last week of the insurgent drive on Bilbao on the northwest edge of Spain both Spanish and Italian troops had completely en circled the city under the cover of terrific aerial and artillery as saults All escape save under fire was cut off for Bilbaoans Scout Cars Enter Before the insurgent headquar ters announced the capture border dispatches had disclosed the en trance into the streets of Bilbao of armored scout cars Other insur gent dispatches said the encircling movement was complete and that insurgent patrols were working into the heart ol the city After the radio stations carried the announcement military au thorities in Irun Behobia Fuen tarrabia and other insurgent cities of the northwest ordered sextons to ring the bells of the churches Firecrackers were set off in the streets and fetes announced for the evening There were demonstra tions in all the border towns citi zens crying viva Franco Bridges Blown Up The semiofficial news agency in Home Stefani said the first patrols entered Bilbao from Mount Archanda on the northeast and that there was some slight resis tance Bridges across the Nervoin river had been blown up the agency said but two battalions of basque soldiers laid down their arms after releasing 1000 political prisoners In Paris however the basque delegation said it had no informa tion at all on the reported capture of their capital Colonel Juan Troncoso insur gent military commander at Irun later told the Associated Press that the first detachments of Francos troops entered Bilbao at p m an hour before the time given in the headquarters announcement Main Body Moves In Then the main body of troops moved in at the colonel as serted He said the troops were moving through the streets slowly be cause strategic points are mined He too said there was no resis tance The last act of Bilbaos warden before he deserted his post the officer said was to release 1500 insurgent sympathizers who had been jailed as hostages LOOK INSIDE FOR CECIL PAULSON Taken Back to Prison Faces Iowa City Charge PAGE 2 John Smith Is Found Sane by Iowa Board PAGE 5 Experts Switch Around to Louis for Big Scrap PAGE 9 CLMM ATTACKS BY SUBMARINES Germans Accuse Spaniards and Call on Powers for Action BERLIN admiralty of fice reported officially Saturday that two unsuccessful efforts have been made to torpedo the German cruiser Leipzig off the coast of Algeria The communique said the at tacks took place on June 15 and June 18 Torpedoes were launched against the 0000 ton warship three times within 30 minutes in the first attack the report said The first two were said to have been dis charged at one minute intervals None struck the Leipzig The first attack was made against the Leipzig her comman der reported north of Oran Al geria Attacks by Submarines Both were said to have been submarine attacks Advices Saturday direct from Oran told of mysterious wreckage on the beach at Saida and of large areas of heavy oil on the sea off shore after what residents de scribed as the thunder and flashes of firing naval guns last Wednes day June 16 The cruiser commander report ed the courses of all the torpedoes were followed by the Leipzigs sound apparatus and that in the second attack the missile could be seen across her bows It will now be the business of the four powers to take appropri ate measures in accordance with the agreements they have made the communique added Eeady to Act Germany refuses to watch idly the habit of Spanish bolshevist submarine pirates until they make a hit German Ambassador Joachim von Ribbentrpp in London brought the matter this morning to the urg ent attention of the associated powers Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler re turned by airplane from Godesberg just after midnight The Leipzig is a member in the international neutrality fleet in Spanish waters which also in cludes French British and Italian menofwar Skunk on Highway Cause of Accident Bill Dedina of Rock Falls was recovering in Park hospital Sat urday from injuries suffered when the car in which he was riding went off thehighway near Nora Springs Friday night in an attempt to avoid hitting a skunk Millard Jones driver of the car swerved the vehicle as he saw the skunk in the center of the high way Wheels of the car slid off the soft shoulder at the road and the auto went into a ditch SOVIET FLYERS FIGHT THROUGH STORMY SKIES Russian Consul General Is Confident They Will Arrive Sunday SAN FRANCISCO Russian flyers racing down the top of the world in a flight from Moscow to San Francisco across the north pole fought through stormy weather as they neared the coast of northern Canada Satur day They were trying to complete the longest nonstop flight in his tory and extremely difficult fly ing weather prevailed along the route they were believed to be following Gregory Gokhman soviet con sul general said he was certain the flyers would arrive at Oak land airport as planned some time Sunday Signal Corps Stands By It was the greatest aerial ad venture since Charles A Lind bergh set out alone across the At lantic 10 years ago The latest contact with the fly ers was at a m The war department in Washing ton announced that its army sig nal corps radio station in Seattle had heard from the ship and was standing by for further commu nication The Royal Canadian signal corps announced at Edmonton Alta that its Fort Smith North west territory radio station heard from the flyers at6 acm CST when they were passing ovel Prince Patrick island in theArc tic ocean Exactly on Course Everything O K the flyers reported Traveling 200 kilome ters Prince Patrick island is about 800 miles south of the north pole and lies directly on the one hun dred twentythird meridian which indicates the flyers are exactly on their course They set out on the one hundred twentythird meri dian and proposed to follow it most of the 6250 mile trip The island is due north of Banks land about midway be tween Alaska and Hudsons bay The flight preliminary to es tablishment of a contemplated MoscowSan Francisco air service via the north pole would sur pass any previous nonstop flight The greatest distance ever flown was 5637 miles between New York and Syria The Frenctimen Paul Codas and Maurice Hossi made that record in 1935 Do Blind Flying The trio Pilot Valeri Pavlo vitch Chkalov 33 Copilot Georgi Phillipovitch Baidukov 30 and Navigator Alexander Vassilievitch Beliakov 40 reported to Moscow the big single motored plane was working well but weather condi tions forced blind flying The hazardous flight which turned back the first trail blazers in 1935 began from Chelkoff air drome near Moscow at a m Friday p m Thursday Central Standard SIOUX CITYAN NAMED DENVER Colo pre sidents elected by the United States Junior Chamber of Com merce included J C Sinclair Sioux City Iowa Have Read Your Newspaper 1 At what North Iowa town was Cecil Paulson state prison fugitive arrested 2 Who is Tom Girdler 3 The church wedding of what film star couple made news the past week 4 Of what state is Martin L Davey governor 5 Flyers of what nation began a nonstop flight to Oak land Cal via thenorth pole 6 What major athletic event was won by Ralph Guldahl 7 An 11 day strike of truck drivers ended in what midwest city 8 Gen George E Leach was elected mayor of what city 9 The premier of what country asked parliament for powers to meet a financial crisis 10 William J Gange of what North Iowa town Thursday cele brated his 100th birthday PAGE 2 Chief Justice Sees Dangers to Democracy AMHEHST Mass Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes Sat urday declared the ruthlessness of a temporary majority if un checked will eventually lead to the entire overthrow of demo cratic institutions He spoke before 1300 Amherst alumni members at the annual commencement dinner The chief justice said it would not become him to speak cur rent interests and that he would not attempt to answer questions on current problems He said he would leave that to the experts We cannpt hope to escape ac tivities of organized minorities which may triumph from time to time he said Sometimes they have more fervor than wisdom He asserted that democracy carried the banner of freedom and that there was no conflict be tween progress and liberty A thorough knowledge of dem ocracy he said was one of the most important things educators could inculcate into youth In that possession of thoroughness he added there was the essential re sistance to propaganda and specious appeals of demagogs MAYTAG WORKER GOES INTO UNION Settlement of Strike at Newton Plant Expected Be NEWTON Duane Eaton Maytag Washing Machine com pany paint shop worker blamed by union leaders as agitating the dispute which closed the plant and left 2500 workers idle Thurs day Saturday joined the union Eaton conferred with Robert O Logdsdon C I O organizer and Wilbert Allison president the local union before announcing his affiliation Union painters in the factory stopped work and shut off the power Thursday when they de clared they were no longer able to work with Eaton who they said criticized the union Union officials ordered the painters out of the factory when they refused to work Company officials stopped all production in the plant fearing they said a jam up in the production line At a union mass meeting Satur day morning Logsdon said he was optimistic of speedy settlement of difficulties and said he believed the plant might be opened soon The Weather FORECAST IOWA Mostly unsettled Sat urday night and Sunflay warm er tn southeast and southcen Jral portions Saturday night and in cast portions Sunday MINNESOTA Mostly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday probably scattered showers in north and east portions not much cliansre in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Saturday Maximum Friday 80 Minimum in night 61 At 8 a m Saturday 66 Rainfall 23 inch WEEKLY FORECAST Weather outlook for the period of June 21 to 26 for the upper Mississippi and lower Missouri valleys and the northern and cen tral great plains One or two periods of local showers temper atures mostly near or somewhat above normal BURT WOMAN HURT AS SHE SHOWS SON HOW TO USE STILTS N F Morness suffered a fractured knee cap when she fell from a pair of stilts to the cement walk She was trying to show her son how to use the stilts She was taken to the Kossuth hos pital at Algona where the knee was operated on She will be brought home in a few days but will be con fined to her bed several months BARRIE JRITER OF PET Boy Now Middle Aged Who Inspired Story at Bedside LONDON James Mat thew Barrie creator of Peter Pan and other characters who won the hearts of the world died of bronchial pneumonia in a nurs ing home Saturday at the age of 77 The famous author and drama tist who saw lite through the eyes of a child lived almost as a recluse in his declining years Al though he retired from the public gaze his memory was still green in the minds of the generation which laughed and cried over Pe ter Pan The Little Minister What Every Woman Knows Dear Brutus and other tender understanding portrayals Besides members of the fam ily those at the bedside in Bar ries dying moment were Peter and Nicholas Davies brothers whom Barrie adopted after Peter Davies as a child inspired him to write Peter Pan Now in Middle Age Unlike the character lie inspired Peter grew up and now is in middle age Announcement of Barries death was made at p m but the time of death was not specified It was announced that he had been before Bam Dr Maclray Huey who was as sociated with Lord Harder physi cianinordinary to the king in attending Barrie announced as he emerged from the nursing home Sir James Barrie has passed away He passed away quietly and peacefully There was no pain He had been unconscious since before B oclock Collapse of Heart Barries death was officially de scribed as caused by double pneu monia and heart collapse Amplifying his earlier state ment Dr Hucy said Saturday aft ernoon Sir James had as peaceful an end as one could desire He had no pain nor even any discomfort It was as though he had passed away when asleep or under an anesthet ic Peter Pan Davies and his brother Nicholas also Lady Cyn thia Asquith were present Sir James niece Lillian previously had left the nursing home after staying there all morning The death room overflowed with flowers including a large bunch of lilies at the bedside from the great Ornnond Street Childrens hospital to which Barrie some years ago donated all financial rights in Peter Pan Success From Start Unlike many writers who at the beginning have had to struggle for recognition the career of Sir James M Barrie in the field oi literature and drama was a pro nounced success almost from the start and reached its climax in 1022 when he was decorated with the Order of Merit one of the most select and coveted of British orders His early training as a writer before branching into lit erature was as a newspaperman in Nottingham and later in London where he wrote for the St James Gazette the British Weekly the Speaker and the National Observ er Born in Kirriemuir Scotland May 9 I860 Sir James was edu cated at Dumfries academy and Edinburgh university His book Better Dead a satire on London life was published in 1887 and the next year he pro duced Auld Licht Idylls and When a Mans Single His Genius Recognized While these three books attract ed some attention it was said tha his genius as a writer was firs recognized and acknowledged with the appearance of A Window in Thrums in 1889 There followed My Lady Nicotine and the bes known of his early works The Little Minister which when dramatized by Barrio became one of the leading stage successes anc later had several revivals His early works became better known than the man and thus Sir James amazed London when at a time he was being acclaimed he deserted the city for his little na tive town in Scotland Modesty anc shrinking from publicity were traits that characterized his entire life His End Peaceful OF PENNSYLVANIA SIR JAMES BARRIE PICKETS BEAT HIM HE SAYS Steel Plant Employe Tells Senators of Efforts to Go to Work WASHINGTON Repub lic Steel plant employe from War ren Ohio testified before a sen ate committee Saturday he was fired upon and subsequently beat en by when he at tempted to go to work atNiles Ohio James E Musgrove told the sen ate postoffice committee strikers took his clothing from him smeared him with grease threat ened to hang him to a tree and marched him through the streets of Niles Musgrove a short square built hearth worker said that when the strike was called he was unable to go to work in the Warren Ohio plant because of pickets at the gate aimed with halibuts Tried to Go to Work He and a group of other work men then attempted he said to gain entrance to the Republic plant at Nilcs by going through a swamp at night As they neired the plnnt pickets halted them turned flashlights on them and started shooting Mus grove and his companions fled Musgrove said he hid in a ditch for some time and later started for home As he left the woods near the plant he continued he walked into a group of pickets Threatened Hanging The pickets he said tied his hands behind him and told him they were going to liang him to a tree but only beat him took 1 clothing and smeared him with grease Musgrove testified that all of his clothing was taken off except foi his underwear and shoes He silid his face and hair were smeared with grease and scab1 was written in grease on the fronl and back of his undershirt Then he said the pickets marched him ahead of an automo bile for several miles beating him with clubs and metal pipe as he walked When they released him he said they returned his money and his watch explaining they intended to keep strictly within the law Bridges Shows Letters Senator Bridges R N H ex hibited a letter in which posta officials at Youngstown Ohio said they were not delivering unusua mail to strikebound Republic Steel plants because we canno get past the picket lines with mai of this kind Bridges offering the letter foi the steel strike inquiry of the sen ate postoffice committee declarer it contradicted statements by ad ministration witnesses W W Howes assistant post master general told the committee last week that the department had approved refusal to deliver pack ages of food and clothing to the factories because uch service was abnormal Admits Crime After Acquittal in Court INDIANAPOLIS IP James Overton 52 was leaving the court room after his aquittal on a charge of robbing a street opera tor when the judge asked if he hac ever been arrested before This is the first time judge responded Overton but we didn have any food in the house anc we needed the money Judge Frank P Baker let the acquittal stand Jethleliem Firm Refuses to Close 40000 Miners to March on City JOHNSTOWN Pa claration of martial law in strike inbattlecl Johnstown provoked a itter clash late Saturday between jov George H Earle and Mayor Daniel J Shields of Johnstown The governor ordered martial aw and stood ready to rush na ional guardsmen into the 0 maintain peace during the pro ccted mnss invasion of 40000 miners into the city to the refusal of Eugene 3 race president of Bethlehem steel to shut down the huge Cam bria works in Johnstown To Avoid Bloodshed Governor Earle followed up his declaration of martial law to preserve peace and avoid blood shed by ordering the immediate vacuation of nonstriking work ers at the Cambria plant There was no comment from Bethlehem Steel officials Mayor Shields fired a quick protest at the states chief execu ive Martial law in my city at this ime is highly unwarranted and if you are sincere in your desire to preserve the peace in this com munity do not arrogantly close our mills and paralyze the busi ness life of our city he wired Governor Earle Crush Mob Rule He urged the governor that the easiest way to do the job is to keep the threatened march on my city from materializing tomoriow a ot x x x to crush mot mle than to mteifere with orderly conduct of our special business life Mayor Shields also advised President Grace to continue oper ations at the Cambria works des pite the governors closing order At the snme time the fiery Mayor flatly refused to obey Governor Earles order to place Johnstown city police under state control during the emergency Culls Him Bluffer His refusal brought the declara tion from Governor Earle that Shields was a bluffer and a convicted criminal If Shields opposes my order 1 I put him back in jail where he belongs Earle said If he had acted in a fair and sensible manner this trouble nev er would have arisen the gov ernor added When I was out there he was shaking all over at the thought of a strike Now that he has armed forces behind him he is like any his way Shields was convicted of a li quor charge and bribery The president pardoned him because he was elected a mayor Troops to Be Sent The state executive said troops would be sent into Johnstown wlicn needed and asked Mayor Shields to place city police at the disposal of state officers The fiery mayor flatly refused if they take the police awny from me it will have to be by force he said Governor Earles action coincided with a report that 40000 miners would march on Johnstown Sun day to encourage the steel strikers in the 24 day old clash between John L Lewis C I O and four independent steel public Bethlehem Inland Steel and Youngstown Sheet and Tube company over refusal of the lat ter to sign labor contracts Appeal to Iloosevell Tlie rapidly darkening situation in the bitter battle of steel was emphasized in a new telegraphic appeal to President Roosevelt by Mayor Shields The mayor warned President Roosevelt that the crisis has reached a point where continuance of the C I O in Johnstown can only mean bloodshed in our streets He said that rule or ruin con trol or murder is the policy of the C I O And he besought the na tions chief executive Are you going to fail me by allowing the reign of terror to con tinue 3 Drastic Moves The three drastic tial law the threat of 40000 min ers marching Johnstown and Mayor Shields dramatic appeal to the as the newly appointed federal steel me diation board headed by Charles P Tntt II assembled in Cleve land to open a facts finding in vestigation into the steel strikes now raging in seven states Taft said the board has no plans just now to subpena wit nesses although it was indicated that once the probe gels under way Taft will seek to bring tha ;