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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 18, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the Home I MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS HOME EDITION VOL LIX Associated 1ress ami United Press Full Wires Seven Cents MASON CITV IOWA THURSDAY JUNE 18 1953 This Paper Consists of Two One No 211 ANOTHER MASS ESCAPE OF ROWS TOKYO FRIDAY WiDefiant South Korea freed 25000 antiRed Korean prisoners Wednesday on orders of President Syngman Rhce without regard for the peril it placed on au impending truce Early Thursday 1500 more anti Red Koreans tried to make a mass escape from yet another prison camp near Seouls Port of Inchon and clashed with US soldiers and Marines First unofficial reports said 100 prisoners were killed while 400 escaped It was the fifth camp involved in Ihe breakouts Rhee immediately accepted re sponsibility for the surprise move first official act in open revolt against United Nations efforts to reach ceasefire terms with the Communists Rliee said in a statement he did it without full consultation with Ihe United Nations Command We pulled the rug from under their feet a South Korean gov ernment spokesman boasted President Eisenhower quickly conferred at the White House in Washington with congressmen over the critical development One con feree Sen Styles Bridges RNH said afterward It is a serious thing Chinese and North Korean Reds had keyed the truce talks at Pan munjom to the issue of handling antiRed prisoners They snarled the discussions for more than a year until the Allies agreed that the same lengthy ma chinery would apply both to the antiRed North Koreans and more than 14000 captured Chinese Reds refusing to go home What might happen now to the almostaccomplished truce was for the moment anybodys guess This was the swift sequence of explosivedevelopments Sixteen thousand South Korean guards at four camps on the South Korean mainland turned their backs while most of the antiRed Koreans scrambled past skimpy barbed wire enclosures and fled into the night beginning at mid night Wednesday Outnumbered 4000 U S guards were helpless except to fire a few bursts from their rules Nine pris oners and one Korean guard were killed and 1G other prisoners wounded Some chose not to flee More than 900 others were rounded up by US troops A roundup of the others was put in motion immediately but the task appeared nearly hopeless A South Korean military author ity said many escapees would en list in the South Korean army but higher sources cast doubt on this Informed sources said Rhee had sent a to Eisenhowers June G appealthat South Korea accept Ihe armistice and allow the main be de cided by politicalinstead of mili tary means South Koreas provost marshal general warned that anyone re gardless of nationality who tried to rearrest the freed men would bedealt vith severely An American officer said many ROK officers from the prison camps fled with the prisoners Japan Plane Crash Kills 129 Americans Historys Worst Toll Korean Truce Draft Apparently Finished MUNSAN draft of a Ko rean truce apparently was com pleted Thursday but its fate might turn on President Syngman Rhees open defiance of his allies in arbi trarily releasing 25000 antiRed prisoners of war Rhees order opening the gates of four POW camps in Thursday mornings darkness was in direct opposition to the armistice terms Even as the prisoners scattered it appeared that all details of an armistice agreement had been wrapped up and the final text was being rushed to completion Rushed r Preparations for exchanging thousands of war prisoners were rushed by both sides UN officials speculated on whether Rhees ac tion might delay the return of some 13000 UN prisoners held by the Reds Official UN sources in Tokyo said they did not expect Rhees move to wreckthe armistice but a delay was anticipated The Reds might demand delivery of the es caped prisoners before signing a truce Staff officers who have been put ting the finishing touches on the armistice wound up their sessions at pm and translators went to work immediately They pre sumably were putting the docu ment into English Korean and Chinesei The staff officers recessed in definitely There was no announcement as to when the toplevel negotiators would meet to approve the text Some observers said it was pos sible the armistice agreement would have to be sent o Wash ington and UN headquarters in New York for approval This would take several days Meanwhile both sides acted as though a truce was still no more than a few daysaway Tear Down Communist work crews tore down mud huts in Panmunjom and began construction of what appeared to be a large perma nent building This may be the site of the official signing i and could serve as headquarters for the military armistice commission UN officials stepped up the job of clearing sites for exchanging prisoners and top officers who wilj serve on the military armistice commission flew to Korea At Freedom Village near here where prisoners will get their first real taste of freedom fulldress rehearsals were held to iron the kinks out of procedures developed during the exchange of sick and wounded last April Camp Enlarged The UN advance camp here also was being enlarged The senior Allied member ofthe proposed armistice commission Maj Gen Blackshear M Bryan landed in Munsan after a flight from Tokyo where he was com mander of the US 16th Corps Bryan went into an immediate briefing session with the top UN negotiator Lt Gen William K Harrison Air Force Maj Gen George C Finch was expected later in the day to replace Brig Gen Edgar Glenn as a delegate on the UN truce team Glenn is to retire next month Huge Blaze Hits Alaska Military Post ANCHORAGE Alaska and explosions destroyed millions of dollars worth of military instal lations and supplies Wednesday night at Alaskas main military port of Whittier 72 miles southeast of here The rampaging wind blown flames in less than four hours de stroyed three new warehouses two docks and other buildings Reports here and at Seward but not con firmed by the military said that a quantity of ammunition blew up Cause of the fire was undeter mined and two unofficial versions were given One said that a forest fire in adjacent timber swept into the town The second said a boiler In one of the warehouses blew up to set off the blaze Three persons were reported critically injured in the boiler ex plosion Ah Railroad yard master was believed to be the only other casualty although hundreds of stevedore troops stationed there were used in fighting the fire Alaska Defense Command offi cials here the port facilities were wiped out and no longer us Many millions of dollars have spent in developing the area SYNGMAN RHEE Sweden Will Wait and See STOCKHOLM Sweden Swedish official quarters said Thursday Swedens participation on the trucerepatriation commit tee would hinge onthe eventual re sults of South Koreas liberation of antiRed prisoners The spokesman said the results of President Syngman Rhees move would count more than the action in itself in determining the Swedish position Wlrephoto POW four in South Korea from which antiRed prisoners walked away in an unprecedented move that could wreck the peace Clark Took Calculated ROW Risk TOKYO Mark W lark took a calculated risk in per mitting South Koreans to guard antiCommunist North Koreans in United Nations prisoner of war compounds The UN supreme commander in the Far East had heard South Ko rean President Syngman Rhee say ic did not intend to let patriotic North Koreans be handled by a proposed neutral c o mm i s s i o n which would subject them to rein doctrination lectures by Commu nists Warned Washington Clark had warned Washington that Rhees first step to wreck the armistice machinery might be the release of the 34000 antiCommu nist North Koreans in Allied cus tody He had to do one of two things 1 Openly demonstrate his lack of control andlack of confidence in the South Korean army by re placing 6000 ROK guards at the mainland POW camps with Ameri can troops from units in Japan or the Eighth Army 2 Leave the ROK guards on duty alert American POW camp authorities and their 1000 troops at the mainland camps to the possi bility that the South Korean gov ernment might sponsor an escape Second Course Clark chose the second course perhaps taking some undisclosed additional precautionary measures Had Clark replaced the ROK guards with Americans he would have had the choice of ordering the GIs to fire on antiCommunists trying to escape or use bloodless measures in eventof a mass breakout It can be disclosed now that Clark sent a detachment of Amer ican troops from Japan to the Pu san area last week to stand in re serve if needed There were false reports last week that some of the prisoners had been released PUBLIC RELATIONS SPIRIT LAKE rela tions problems are the principal topic of discussion at the annual school for county superintendents of schools now in session at Temp lar Park here Carrying Troops to War Zone Globemaster Hits Near Tokyo By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS TOKYO giant C24 Globe master pinwheeted out at the nVur kysky near Tokyo Thursday and crashed in flames carrying Ameri cans to their deathsin historys worst air disaster TheAir Force said 55 bodies had been identified The huge double deck transport was carrying 122 Army engineers and airmen back o battle stations in Korea The plane had a crew of seven There were no survivors The Globemaster crashed sec onds after taking off from the US Air Base at Tachikawa 25 miles west of Tokyo An eyewitness said the giant plane somersaulted like a bird and plummeted to the ground A Japanese farmer Masayasu Kinoshita said the huge plane came skimming over the trees by the highway Two of its four pro pellers were dead Then it circled and crashed and exploded The plane was a special flight for soldiers not one of the regular courier runs between Japan and Korea The worst previous air disaster was the crash of another Globe master near Larson Air Force Base at Moses Lake Wash which killed 86 last Dec 20 Associated Press Photographer Max Desfor reported from the scene The plane crashed in a muddy rice field just in front of a bamboo grove There were large pieces of the wreck still intact including one twisted wing One tangle of wreckage with an engine was jammed into a crum pled heap about 30 feet high It looked as if the plane had come almost straight in An Air Force major from Ta chikawa said his men had re moved nearly 130 bodies Associated Press Correspondent StanCarter reporting from the scene said sickened Air Force medics toiled under searchlights carrying broken bodies to ambu lances across 100 yards of deep mud The scene was like something out of hell Carter said There was the terrible smell of burned oil and burned human flesh intermingled The bodies were terribly man glcd1 One medic tried to pick up one body and put it on a stretcher The head fell off Thewreckage was all tangled into one concentrated the plane must have come straight down and exploded There were balls of crumpled metal 30 feel high Meanwhile the UN Command said it handed the Reds a letter at Panmunjom reporting the ROK guards had been replaced by US troops and that every effort is be ing made to recapture the 24000 prisoners still loose There were reports that the pris oners were being taken into pri vate homes and farms orhiding in the hills Rhee had urged all civilians to halp theprisoners The UN prisoner command dis closed that one ROK guard was killed in the breakout at the camp Soviets Kill Leader of Riots in Berlin BERLIN Russian firing squad Thursday executed a German accused fay the Soviet Army Command of organiz ing antiCommunist riots in East Berlin Maj Gen P T Dibrova now ruling East Berlin under a state of siege an IOWAN REELECTED CHICAGO L Browner Des Moines la was re elected president of the National Association of Retail Grocers near SangMudai but gave no de tails No other Allied casualties were reported Rhee explained his sudden break in a statement The reason why I did this with out full consultation with the UN Command and other authorities concerned is too obvious to ex plain According to the Geneva con vention and principles of humaa right the prisoners should beenreleased long before this1 WORST CRASH IN A iiefwsinaia a highpile olvrreckage of the Air Forpei which crashed near Tokyo Thursday 129 persons lounced the execution The Soviet general d e sl cribed the dead man Willi Goett ling as a resident of West Berlin who worked on order of a foreign intelligence service was one of the active organizers of provocations and disturbances in the Soviet sec tor of Berlin and participated in the violent banditry against the or gans of power and the population Carried Out Goeltling was sentenced to death by shooting The sentence was carried out the grim an nouncement concluded The Russians extended martial law to areas bordering East Ber lin and began a series of mass ar rests in an effort to stamp out the unrest which exploded in the sec tor Wednesday and resulted in at least IB fatalities The Russian military comman ders announcement was distrib uted by the Soviet Zone news agency ADN More than 100 Germans were reported under arrest Thursday in East Berlin and facing Soviet courts Flying squads of peoples police and Communist party offi cials raided workers homes hunt ing suspects Will They Stop West Germany wondered if the Soviet Army would stop its firing squad after the one execution as a terror example Most of the arrested Germans were by Communist admission residents of East Berlin and not the Allied sectors But Red propa ganda continued to harp on the charge provoca teurs instigated the antiCommu nist rebellion Some of the oldest employes of nationalized plants and factories were seized Wednesday night and Thursday morning They were pointed out by Communist inform ers as men who had led the march of 50000 workers against thegov ernment headquarters Report Riots Truckers plying theinternational highway between Berlin and West Germany reported antiRed riot ing had broken but Wednesday in Magdeburg Chemnitz Dresden Leipzig Gera and other cities si multaneously wjtb the outburts here The Weather Mason City Friday partly cloudy not so warm Iowa Mostly fair through Friday warmer east portion turning cooler northwest Friday Minnesota Partly cloudy through Friday Scattered showers GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Thursday Maximum 86 Minimum G9 At 8 am 80 About High Court Ends Hearing on Fate of Atomic Spies WASHINGTON UP The Supreme Court at ipnu GST Thursday completed hearingarguments on whether o reverse the stay of execution granted by Justice William 0 Douglas to Julius and Ethel Kosenbergy convicted atom spies The nine justices he bench without any word as to when they will announce the decision Earlier in New York a new mo ion to save condemned atom spies Julius and Ethel Rosenbergon the jround that Federal Judge Irving R Kaufman lacked the power to sentence them was filed in federal court Scheduled to Die The Rosenbergs had been due to die Thursday night in the Sing Sing Prison electric chair Earlier the government told the Supreme Court in extraordinary uujji cmc i jii cAti innary hinaiijAcu session Thursday that it would Tnursday he heard a Communist i i i boast last December that he had picked by Communist lave been laughed out ofcourt if Ithad triedatom spies Ethel Rosenbergunder the atomic energy act The tribunal was reconvened to her arguments in the government appeal from a stay of execution granted Wednesday by Justice Wil liam O Douglas Douglas ordered Thursday n i g h ts scheduled ex ecution of the husband and wife spy team delayed until courts can ruleon whether they were tried under the right law Douglas said they perhaps should have been tried under the 1946 atomic energy act instead of the 917 espionage act and that there ore there were serious doubts as legality of the death sen o the ence Appearing for US Appearing for the government lobert L Stern the acting solici or general told the nine justices hat if the Rosenbergs had been ried under the atomic energy act he case would have been thrown iut of court so quickly the Justice Jcpartmcnt would have become a laughing stock The high court was called to ether by Chief Justice Vinson after the government appealed Douglas action If a majority agrees to overrule Douglas the condemned atom spies could be put to death at Sing Prison at 10 pm OF VISIT WITH Sophie Rosenberg holds palms together as she tells of a visit Wednesday with Mca a convicted atom spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg in the cyclonic jdeath house at Sing Sing Mrs Rosenberg is the mother of Julius Agent Claims Reds Plan to Kill McCarthy FBI Undercover Agent Testifies WASHINGTON BI undercover A agent former testified to The testimony camefrom Jo seph D Mazzei of Pittsburgh who said the man who made the boast was Lou Bortz of Pittsburgh Bartz who it developed was seated among the spectators was hen called to the witness stand and asked whether Maz ei V Bortz gave his address as But er Pa He refused to answer on he ground that it might tend to ncriminate him On the same ground he refused o say whether he is or has been a member of the Communist party Bortz said he now is unem ployed Mazzei said he was an FBI coun er spy posing as a Communist vhen he attended a secret meeting n Pittsburgh at which Bortz an nounced that hewas selected by he Communist partyto do a job in he liquidation of Sen Joseph Mc Carthy He described Bortz as a leader if Communist goon squads in Mttsburgh and quoted Bortz as elling the gathering of seven or Mght persons that he was grati ied by the assignment and that when the time would come ha vould be ready to carry it out Temperature Hits 96 in After noon DBS MO1NES sun nine and high humidity turned owa into a land of wilted collars and perspiration Thursday In Mason pity the 2 pm tem perature stood at 96 However some relief from the heat is expected in Northwest owa Thursday night and the rest f the stale is due for somewhat ooler readings by Friday night Warm temperatures prevailed ver the state Wednesday with the lighest 94 at Council Bluffs Dii buque had the low of 62 during light There was no significant rainfall n Iowa in the 24 hours ending Thursday morning although a few light showers vfell in North vest Iowa Wednesday afternoon LUTHERAN PRESIDENT ATLANTIC MVtDr Hans C Jer ild Blair Neb was reelected nanimously Wednesday as presi lent of the United Evangelical Lutheran Church SAME ;