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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 18, 1945, Mason City, Iowa OCPMTUCNV OF HISTORY AND AHCH1VES DCS IA NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U HOME EDITION Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON errs IOWA MONDAY JUNE is ists This Paper Consists ot Two m TWO JIO tit ONLY 3000 JAPS LEFT ON OKINAWA One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Muon City Sunday 5 p m KSCJ Sioni Cily Sunday p m WO1 Ames Wednesday a m WSU1 City Wednesday p m QulDcy Hi Friday p m Whats Involved in Bretfon Woods I CAN remember when I thought people were pretty starry eyed when they contended that distress in any part of the world was an invitation to distress in every other part of the world Now I share that view quite largely I consider it much more than just a pretty platitude It was this general thesis that prompted delegates to the Bret ton Woods conference in New Hampshire last summer They surveyed the worlds turmoil and recognized that economic and monetary conditions had a con siderable part in bringing it about Then they tried to work cut a program to avoid repeti tion Out of their deliberations was born a 2foid program One phase of it was designed to stabilize the currencies of the nations of the world for the encouragement of international commerce The other phase of the program was de signed to help nations in the path of this war restore damaged property and reestablish and improve on their prewar econ omies By the very nature of the sub ject the program worked out by the experts was a bit hard to grasp by the ordinary layman Put its broad purposes have been rather clearly and simply set forth by a representative of the National League of Women Voters IN THIS commentary Im going to reproducefofyoV booklet It was done by Mrs Falk as she puts it for my young daughter and all the other kids who will grow up in the kind ol world we make for them NOW1 All that follows therefore is by way of quotation Once upon a time before this war started the different coun tries of the world were busy try ing to make money by selling things to everybody else The V S A was making au tomobiles and effgbeaters and robber dolls and lots of other things and trying to sell them to England and Germany and China and France England and Ger many and China and were making things to send to us in return BUT The U S A said Weve got so many things already that we dont need to buy your stuff Anc besides that we dont want to spend our pile of gold dollars on your stuff because then we won bo so rich AND THAT was where the trouble started Because pretty soon the other countries began to run out of money to buy automobiles and eggbeaters anc rubber dolls from the U S A They said Well if we dont have enough money to pay for these things wellsend wool and cameras anc silks and watches to exchange for the things we want So they loaded everything on to boats and sent it acros the ocean to the U S A But when they got there what do you think they found A high tariff wall And Uncle Sam stood behind the wall with his arms folded and his nose up in the air and said I dont need your stuff YouL have to take it away The people in the other coun tries were very much upset Thej tried to sell the nice things they had made somewhere else bu everyone was too poor to buy fo by this time the U S A had got ten a good part of the world gold So one by one they shut np their factories and told Ihe work ers who had been making woo and cameras and wstches to go home And the other countrie became poorer and poorer am poorer since nobody oonld spent money to buy things any more And the workers who had los their jobs had no more mone with which to buy bread and their children grew thinner anc thinner and thinner OF COURSE since nobody ha any more money nobodj could buy the automobiles and eggbeaters and rubber dolls th U S A wanted to sell Uncle Sam said Pooh What do I care if the other countries are poor and cant buy the things I make Thats no concern of Anyway I can sell all these hings right here to the people in s J S A But secretly he began to Continued on Pace 2 CAPITAL HAILS MODEST HERO ATHOMECOMING Architect of Victory in Europe Is Hailed by All Americans Washington Dwight I Eisenhower flew home and re ceived the heartfelt tribute of a irateful nation Monday The generals first audible words as he stepped on U S soil for the first time in a year and a half were Oh God its swell to be back The Texasborn Kansan arrived at the national he same 4engined deluxe plane hat flew President Roosevelt to by 55 other lomecoming warriors A kiss from his wife a hearty landshake from Gen George C Marshall army chief of staff and ruffles and flourishes from the U S army band raised the curtain on the biggest and most enthusi astic reception ever stagedhere for a conquering hero U was the biggest and best re ception the capital could arrange parade past hundreds of thousands of cheering citizens who started assembling hours ahead of time an address to the congress a civic luncheon after noon and evening receptions at the white house For the man whose Anglo American armies smashed Ger many from the west Jt wasDday and Hhonr of a 5day blitz dor ing which he will hear from mil lions of American throats the words Welcome Ike The 4 Skymaster planes bearing the general and his party were es corted to the airport from a ren dezvous point 50 miles away by 100 fighters and bombers in a roaring prelude to a roaring cele bration At the airport some 30 relatives of members of the generals party were given just enough time to deliver a hasty kiss say the inco herent things common to such oc casions and wave their heroes on their way The claims a parade loving heroworshipping populace made extended reunions impossible for the timebeing Mrs Eisenhower Of course Im nervous she re united not only with her 5star husband but also with her 1st lieutenant son John It was a triumphant homecom ing for a modest balding little man with a gamin grin General of the Army Eisenhower they call him But from Abilene Kans to London England he is Ike and that is what everybody was call ing him Monday Ikes ship was the first to touch the ground at the airport It taxied slowly up behind a jeep bearing the follow me sign to guide the pilot and a moment later Eisenhower stepped a m CWT He grabbed Mrs Eisenhower with both hands and planted a big kiss that would do honor to a movie leading man Relatives swarmed out to vie with photographers and reporters in greeting the general who moved slowly through the swarms to grasp the hand of Marshall With the swarms of escorting planes the big transports made a majestic sight They swept in a long circle down over the spire of the Washington monument the Jefferson memorial then banked sharply over the Pentagon build ing The big C54s glistened in the sun as they zoomed an al titude of about or 300 then wheeling over the Potomac to run low over the army air sta tion at Boiling Field and part of downtown Washington Eisenhower wearing a light weight summer uniform put his arm around his wife and posed for pictures grinning broadly shook his head however when photographers called for reenact ment of what probably was one of the most sincere clinches ever recorded on film There were shouts of recogni tion followed shortly by enthu siastic kisses from the wives of other members of the party as their men stepped from their planes Eisenhower and Marshall walked to their car and somehow in the shuffle Mrs Eisenhower became separated from her hus band The general reached back into the crowd and grabbed her hand Then they got into their open Eisenhower Like Any GIs Wife Mrs Eisenhower Eagerly Awaited Husbands Coming 1 Br GWEN slender brtramhairJk pTnup gn1 said Monday she expected onlya whiff of a kiss Ive talked to the others Mamie Eisenhower explained The others were Mrs Patton Mrs Omar Bradley Mrs Carl Spaatz and Mrs Mark Clark They gave her inside informa tion on what it was like to be the eagerly waiting wife of a return ing hero They say Mrs Ike contin ued that the men give you a peck on the cheek say Nice to see you and then have other things to do But hasnt the general said how much he was looking for ward to the moment he sees you she was asked Why of course Naturally And she blushed You could tell that she thought Ike would be different Just before the Kansas general left Paris he revealed that he was thinking about family reunions He asked the G Is who were to accompany him if there wasnt going to be a lot of ribcrack ing when they all got home This day of days dawned in reconnaissance cars for the next phase of the reception the drive to the Pentagon to receive Secre tary of War Henry L Stimsons greetings The massed fighter escort gave the field a final swooping buzz just as the Eisenhower procession started to leave The procession had to wait a moment at the edge of the field until Pfc Vernon H Jane en of Lorraine Kans the lowest ranking member of the party conld be torn away from a radio interview and put in his as signed place The party was escorted by 12 heavily armed and armored army scout cars 6 proceeding the pro cession and 6 following The cars each carrying 5 men with pistols were armed with 50 caliber and 30 caliber machine guns They are part of the 703rd military police battalion stationed at Fort Myer Va The triumphs that have come to Eisenhower have come in a brief span of years Less than ago he was colonel hardly years known outside the army He was a major general when he went to Europe on June 16 1942 The story of his subsequent rise to supreme command of Anglo American forces in Europe is a familiar one The consequences of his military genius his organizing skill and tact his decision and calm confidence these are his tory Prime Minister Winston Church ill said last week that Eisenhower words Ike Eisenhower the Russian said is a son of the American people such a blaze of glory that the thought of it alone was enough to make Mrs Eisenhower breathless Mrs Ike saw the general only once in those 3 years That was a year ago last January when he returned briefly for military con fcrences Like the wife of any homecom ing G I she spent this last week end in a Hurry of preparation bhe kept goingabout their roomy Wardman Park hotel apart ment giving it lastminute touches It looked like home all right There were the same pictures and oriental rugs Ike liked which al ways formed the nucleus of their home whether it was in the Phil ippines Fort Myer Va or Fort Sam Houston Texas Friday Mrs Eisenhower bought dresses and hats and her first eve ning gown in 3 years Had to have it for the Waldorf Tuesday she explained referring to New Yorks celebration for the general Saturday she had her hair done and welcomed her parents Mr and Mrs John Sheldon Doud of Den ver and San Antonio The Douds originally came from Cedar Rap ids and Boone Iowa where Ma mie was born Sunday she packed for the New York Kansas City and Abilene trips Then everything ready she waited The morrow that was to bring her husband and their son It John Sheldon Doud Eisen hower seemed as though it would never come Mrs Ike was proud of her gen of what he has done and said Asked if he wrote his own speeches she re Plied He always has He has a real command of language They all sounded like him This first day of his homecom ing she expected to greet him at the airport to be somewhere in the procession see him at congress sit near him at per haps have a few minutes with him before President Trumans stag dinner Monday nighbat the white house Its to be a stag dinner because Mrs Truman is away at the sum mer white house in Independence Mo The generals party was sched uled to leave very early Tuesday morning for New York Tuesday evening after the festivities there Mrs Ike expected to catch a train for Kansas while the general and PROBLEMS OF PEACE MUST BEMEMKE 5Star General Speaks in Behalf of His Men Before U S Congress Washington General Dwight D Eisenhower told the nations lawmakers and jurists Monday that the soldier passion ately believes the problems of peace can and must be met To the soldiers mind the sen era declared in an address pre pared for his appearance before a joint session of congress and the supreme court the problems ol peace can be no more difficult than the one you had to solve more than 3 years ago and which in one battle area has now been brought to a successful conclusion He passionately believes that with the same determination the same optimistic resolution and the same mutual consideration among allies that marshalled in Europe forces capable of crushing what had been the greatest war ma chine of history the problems of peace can and must be met Referring to the Pacific war General Eisenhower said Speaking for the American men and women I have been so honored to command in our minds and hearts there is no slightest doubt that our peoples spirit of determination which was buoyed us np and driven us for ward In Europe will continueto Sirs tHs nation through the dr deali of battle yet to come Though we dream of return to our loved ones we are ready as we have always been to do our duty to our country no matter what it may be General Eisenhower made these other points The late president and Prime Minister Churchill were 2 God given men to whom the world owes lasting obligation In Church ill Roosevelt had a worthy part ner who had led his country through the blackest hour in 1940 British and Americans forgot differences in customs and meth national their devotion to a common cause The campaigns of the red army crushingall resistance in the east Played a decisive part in the de feat of Germany The banners of victory cannot hide from sight these sacrifices in which victory has been bought um comman into battle 2100000 Tons in 1946 Manila Henry H Arnold commander of the V S army air forces said Monday that 2100000 tons of bombs will be hurled against Japan m 1916 to wipe It from the map by the end of that year if the war lasts that long Arnold said at a press conference here We plan to deliver 2100000 tons of bombs against Japan next year which will be 3 times greater than the highest tonnage ever dropped on Germany it JaPans homeland targets are only onetenth the size of those in Germany there shouldnt be anything left of Japan by the rnd of the war lasts that Jong Arnold sald tna the number of BZ9 Superfortresses bombing by Ihis fall would be double the number operating in May when 500 of tne great bombers took part in a single raid solngjto brtne every Irtane the Pacific as fast as we can build them and base them he said vniL iwi wuuu me general ana had proved not only his capacity John flew to West Point before t heading for the midwest Mrs Ike said she hoped that after the real homecoming at to organize and regulate move ments of armies but to stir mens city for making great nations march together more truly united to go her of course than they have ever been before But it was the Russian Zhukov who captured the Kansas farm boy most completely in the fewest BULGARIA VOTES AUG 26 Moscow ass reported from Sofia Sunday that the Bul garian elections have been set for Aug 26 by the council of minis ters subject to approval of the regents The hard task of der is to send men knowing some of be killed or woundec in order that necessary missions may be achieved It is sould kill g My sorrow is not only for the fine young lives lost or broken but it is equally for the parents the wives and the friends who have been bereaved The price they pay is possibly the greates for the victory won Supreme Court Invalidates Ruling for Deportation of Labor Leader Harry Bridges Washington The supreme court Monday ruled invalid a de portation order against Harry Bridges west coast CIO leader Justice Douglas delivered the courts 53 opinion Justice Jackson took no part in the case Chief Justice Stone wrote a dissent in which liVnm trfti nnf T 1 Justices Frankfurter and concurred The courts decision climaxed a 7year fight over government ef forts to send the alien Bridges back to he came a quartercentury ago Attorney General Biddle or dered Bridges deported on the ground that the Longshoremens union executive had been a mem ber of the communist party Bid die at that time said the party advocated violent overthrow of the United States government Bridges contended Biddles or der violated rights guaranteed to ah alien by thSTconstitutiorC He denied thathe feverhad been a member of ther communist party or was affiliated with it The justice department replied that the federal government had sovereign power through its leg islative and executive arms to rid itself of those deemed inimical to the national welfare Biddle said his order was based on an act of congress which stipulates that the attorney generals find ings in such cases are final The first attempt to oust Bridges was begun by the government in 1938 but it failed when the sup reme court ruled that past mem bership in the communist party was not a ground for deporting an alien Then congress amended the law to inake past membership in or ganizations advocating violent overthrow of the government a cause for deportation Biddle began the present pro ceedings in May 1942 after adop tion of the amendment Bridges attacked the deportation order in habeas corpus proceedings but Biddle was upheld by the lower federal courts Miles PRIORITY City Mont out Her 9yearold son had de posited a live IBinch catfish in the tub DIANAS DADDY RETURNS HOME Waterloo Sailor Wins Long Race With Death Waterloo First Class Richard J 32 victor in an 8000 mile dash against death from the Marianas returned Sun day to a tearful Fathers day re union with his leukemiastricken daughter Diana Lou 3 The thin pale blueeyed girl who has talked about virtually nothing but her daddys home coming since the Red Cross lo cated him June 8 in a field hos pital burst into tears when the wounded sailor stepped on crutches from a plane I came a long way just to hear you cry Peel told Diana as he folded her into his arms He lefl Saipan June 11 on an emergency furlough to see his daughter then given a week or 2 to live by her physicians Her condition has im proved since he was located Diana Lous father told her Monday that he would let her smell gasoline while she rubbed his foot The blond child who has been ill since April 30 has taken a pe culiar liking to the smell of gaso line which may have scientific repercussions She frequently asks to smell a cloth saturated with gasoline Her preference started when she anc her mother went riding in an auto in which the smell of gaso line was strong Diana said she liked the smell and objected later because she could not smell it in another car Her doctor who says Diana ha shown improvement ever since THIRSTCRAZED URVIVORS IN 7MILE POCKET Marine Reinforcements Drive Within 2 Miles of Southern Coast Guam army troops unforced by a 2nd marine di ision squeezed the last 3000 iiirstcrazed Japanese on Oki awa into a 7 square mile death ocket Monday Marines of ihe 6th division ack on the main battle line after moppine up Orobu peninsula aced the days advances with a hrust down the west coaat to ithin 2 miles of the southern tin t the island Japanese resistance continued tiff but was expected to collapse t any hour Of the original Jap mese garrison of 85000 Ameri an troops had killed 80459 and aptured 1680 in the first 77 days f the campaign through Satur lay The invasionjittery Tokyo adio reiterated its warning to the apancse people that a new American invasion could be ex ected soon but admitted it did lot know in which direction the low would be aimed Whether the enemy will de mote his fullest effort toward a anding operation on the China coast aim at a direct attack igainst the homeland by following me island to another or take some other method it does not give us any reason for optimism Tokyo said Tokyo said preparations for the next American invasion hop al ready were under way in the Oki nawa area Another Tokyo broadcast said a handbook would be issued soon explaining Sure to Kill combat methodsof dealing with airborne invasion forces Premier Kantaro Suzuki was quoted as saying the decisive battle had just begun The American drive toward the southern tip of Okinawa has car ried halfway or more across YaejuDake plateau A front dis patch said the battleline was fluid U Col Daniel A Noland of Los Angeles executive officer of the 96th divisions 381st regiment revealed the last survlvlnr Jap anese were suffering from a se vere water shortage They havent been able to get rainwater for some time he said We captured one prisoner who was desperate from thirst Another had only a small quantity of brackish water in his canteen Also plaguing the remaining enemy was an almost constant rain of fire and explosive from the sky Tokyo said 10odd American battleships and other warships were bombarding the southern tip of the island from close offshore Gladys Wilson got into her water improvement ever since filled bathtub She whizzed right learning her father was rushing to her bedside explained that the gasoline was the only unusual part of her case FATHERS DAY REUNIONSeaman Richard J Peel visits with his family includ ing his daughter Dtana Lou 3 who has acute leukemia at the end of a flight from Sai pan where he learned June 8 of the childs illness Peel s holding for the first time h son Richard J II born May 2 2 days after Diana was stricken AP wrephoto BULLETIN Washington supreme court Monday affirmed a lower court finding that Associated Press membership bylaws violate the Sherman antitrust act Justice Black delivered the high courts 53 opinion Justice Jack son a former attorney general took no part in the case Justice Roberts delivered a strong dissent In which Chief Justice Stone joined Justice Mnrphy also dissented Justices Frankfurter and Doug las wrote brief opinions concur ring with the majority The 6500 word prevailing opin ion declared that the lower court correctly found that Associated Press bylaws which allow con sideration of ihe competitive feet of an application for mem bership on their face x x x con stiiule restraint of trade Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Monday night and Tuesday Continued cool Monday night Slowly rising temperatures Tuesday Iowa Fair with not much change in temperature Monday through Tuesday Minnesota Fair south partly cloudy north Monday night and Tuesday scattered light show ers extreme north Tuesday lit tle change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 74 Minimum Sunday 46 At 8 a m Monday 57 YEAR AGO Maximum 89 Minimum 66 Precipitation 04 ;