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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 17, 1963, Mason City, Iowa Prayer unconstitutional in schools says top US court WASHINGTON UPI Supreme Court ruled 8 to 1 Mon day thai use of the Lords Prayer and Bible reading public schools is unconstitu tional It held that the state must be neutral in the relation ship between man and God In a landmark opinion from which Justice Potter Stewart sharply dissented Justice Tom Clark cited the first amend ments ban on state establish menl of religion as the basis for the courts farreaching de cision Religious exercise now are permitted as part of the school program in 39 stales In mos cases each school day is openet with a home room devotiona ervice which includes the Lords Prayer a n d a reading from the Bible In his opinion Clark said re ligion holds an exalted position in American sociely a position achieved through long reliance on the home and the church and the inviolable citadel of Ihe individual heart and mind Then he declared We have come to recognize through bitter experience that it is not within Ihe power of government to invade that cita del whether its purpose or ef fect be to aid or oppose to ad vance or retard In the relationship between man and religion the state is firmly committed to a position of neutrality he said in the MUSCOVITES CHEER SPACE TRI UMPH A crowd in a square in Mos cow cheers the success of the Soviet Union in placing a woman in orbit around the earth They hold up por traits of Valentina Tereshkova who is Photofax orbiting for the second day Premier Nikita Khrushchev and Lt Col Valery Bykovsky who is in his fourth day of orbit This photo was released by Tass Sovietnews agency The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION VOL 103 MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JUNE 17 1963 ClOc a Paper Consisls of Two One Intelnational Full Lease Wires Associated Tress and United Press No 110 Rights accord reported WASHINGTON Ever ett M Dirksen of Illinois said after a White House conferenc of Democratic and Republica congressional leaders Monda that he believes there is a area of agreement among them on civil rights legislation Dirksen the Senate Republi can leader told reporters he thinks he a n d Senate Demo cratic Leader Mike Mansfield of Montana can agree on a package program to be intro duced after President Kennedy sends a message to Congress on Wednesday This was the second twoparty session with Kennedy on the subject in only five days Later Monday the chief ex ecutive meets with some 200 leaders of various religious faiths to urge that they exert moral leadership for settlement of the issue Disclosing that he had studied a preliminary draft of the ad ministrations proposals during the weekend Dirksen said he had suggested some modifica tions at the earlier White House session of leaders from the Capitol I think there is an area oft agreement ron a number of items he said T believe Sen Mansfield and I will be able to join in sponsoring a program Mansfield said only that no final decisions had been reached on the form of the legislation to be recommended to Congress He said it is the understanding however t h a t a presidential message will be forthcoming Wednesday Dirksen said the package pro posal will cover everything He said this will include provision for desegregation of public places and private businesses Russia cheers for first woman in space VALENTINA TERESHKOVA MOSCOW UP The Soviet Un ions mixed space duet logged its first 24 hours in joint orbit Monday An official announce ment said that on their first orbit the male and female com rades moved to within three miles of each other As they entered the second day of their joint flight the worlds first woman cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova 26 still was flashing smiles for Soviet television and Lt Col Valery Bykovsky performed a stunt in his cabin The woman cosmonaut sent a salute to the United States Official announcements still gave no indication of whether the pair would try a hookup in space and doubts have been growing that they will The late afternoon announce ment mentioned for the first time that Miss Tereshkova and Bykovsky were only three miles apart on their first joint orbit Sunday a feat that appeared to duplicate the flight of the So viet space twins last August Tass the Soviet news agency said According to more precise data about the trajectory of the flight of the spaceship Vostok 5 and Vostok 6 the smallest dis tance between them on the first circuit of the paired flight was approximately 31 miles Tass also reported that up to 3 pm Miss Tereshkova 26 had made 18 orbits in 2G hours in flight Bykovsky at that time had completed his 49th orbit He was launched at 3 pm Fri day Both cosmonauts began their working day with physical exer cises said Tass Tass said all systems on the two 5 and Vo slok working normally Soviet officials remained silent on whether Bykovsky and Miss Tereshkova would attempt a ren dezvous in space Observers noted however that Miss Tereshkova is not a trained pilot and might not be able to carry out her role in a complicat ed linkup maneuver Tass said the purpose of send ing a man and woman into space was to compare the effects of space flight on the two sexes The Soviet Union rocketed Miss Tereshkova a former factory worker aloft Sunday two days after Bykovsky blasted into space There was no official indication exactly how close their ships were or whether the two cosmonauts Please turn to page 2 VALERY BYKOVSKY Brother of slain Negro carries on Race riots seed propaganda broeosain By WILLIAM L RYAN AP Special Correspondent Racial violence in the United The States gives the worlds Commu Eists a golden harvest North Korea a US general asked ican asked the Communists to a Communist general for infor mation on two US pilots forced down in Red territory The Amer act like men living in the 20th century The North Korean police dog lunging at a Negro in Birmingham Ala and snapped that it was the true picture of UlrflllLllji JL i i vi whipped out a photograph of a what you call civilization uroiner 01 suuu ivicugai f took over as Negro civil righlsjganda They are making the most champion in Mississippi Monday of it pledgeci to work aU men for the Uneasy Jackson looked forward to the possibility of more demon strations such as Ihe one on Sat urday when hundreds of Negroes crying We want the killer charged police barricades Although Charles Evers 40 TAKOB CEFOflHSi BMPMHHTEM Hunt new Prime Minister yearold brother of the assassinat ed field secretary of the National Association for the Advancement Newspapers and radio in Com munistruled countries from China to Cuba have seized enthusiastic ally upon the events in the US South The Communists tell the people of their own countries and the world that what is happening in the United States proves that claims of American freedom and democracy are fraudulent that American leaders are hypocrites of Colored People did not dis close his policies in detail the ferment in the Negro population was such that many onlookers had a sense of foreboding that American ruling circles secretly plot brutal suppression of minorities Red propaganda machines are trying to see to it that the events in the United States do Ameri aid for school the abolition of state literacy tests on voting The separate sessions are part of Kennedys twopronged attack on inequality Using persuasion of private citizens to try to speed desegregation sounding out key members of Congress prior to dis Leaders of the Negro movement cans and their system the most to break down racial barriers in harm possible The messages arc Jackson have proclaimed a policy of Demonstrate demonstrate demonstrate again Sunday was a comparatively quiet Sabbath Four young Negro women walked quietly into St An drews Episcopal Church acros pounded out day after day in broadcasts to Africa and other areas populated by colored peoples Inside Communistruled coun tries the newspapers and radio make the most of dispatches and AMEPMKAHCKOR TAKOBO MCTHHHOE longawaited opinion handed down on the last scheduled opin ion day of the court this session At that point Justice Clark cited the first amendments as sertion that congress shall make no law respecting an es tablishment of religion or pro h i b i t i n g the free exercise hereof His opinion appeared o stress the first part of this eclaration In his dissent Justice Potter ited the second part declaring hat nothing shall be done to rohibit the free exercise of re igion He accused the court of rampling on this guarantee Justice Stewart said vere countless cases of inter action between government and religion which the other eight justices had failed to recognize Justice Arthur J Goldberg in a concurring opinion joined by Justice John M Harlan em phasized that the court was not banning all mention of God from public life Neither the state nor court can or should ignore the significance of the fact that a vast portion ofour people be lieve in and worship God and that many of our legal political and personal values derive his torically from religious teach ings Goldberg said Differ with court ruling on religion WASHINGTON UPI Con re ss reacted sharply Monday 0 the supreme court ruling out awing Bible reading and use of the Lords Prayer in public schools There was some talk ot a possible constitutional amend ment to preserve the practice Sen George D Aiken RVt said that if it is illegal to quote the Bible or read the Lords Prayer in public schools its ille gal in Congress too Aiken said the decision can be changed only by a constitutional amend ment Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield Mont said on ly The supreme court has its have ours Asked if the Senate would drop its opening prayer he replied quick ly No sir Sen Frank Carlson RKan who heads the International JERUSALEM Israeli Sector BcnGurion prime linister almost continuously since Israel was founded in 1948 has csigned for personal reasons A government spokesman said c also will relinquish his seat i Parliament but will remain as cad of a caretaker government ntil a new nc is formed Speculation spread that the 76 yearold leader resigned Sunday Because of criticism in Parliament over his handling of a security case But a communique issued liter a Cabinet meeting said Bcn Gurions reasons for quitting were not connected with any state problem or event One source said that when the Cabinet pressed HcnGurion for the reasons he replied I am keeping them to myself The security case involved Gcr man scientists developing nuclear for the United Arab Re public An Israeli security chief who never was identified re week War n veteran sped Monday to On voluntary front Kennedy Washington for burial in Arling already has met with business National Cemetery Wednes labor groups with several govcrjday nors and a week ago in Hawaii with the nations mayors Another session with governors is planned for Tuesday and there have been reports he will meet with educa tors Wednesday The President called in congres sional leaders last week This mornings repeat session cornes Action to avoid shutdown of Iowa employment offices WASHINGTON Wi Admin hatred show the true American democracy that the irace troubles are a natural out growth of the system a disease of capitalism The Soviet press has exhibited a large degree of satisfaction in reporting the events Often the domestic press reporting of the race troubles from the United States is factual and restrained RIOTS FOR PROPAGANDA This is a portion of a page from Ixvestui the Russian newspaper showing how the Soviets are getting maximum propa ganda value out of racial conflicts in AP Pholofax the United Slates Headline over pic ture of clash in Birmingham reads Such is Birmingham Today Line un der picture reads Such Is The Real Face of American Democracy Christian Leadership movement said Prayer and religious service is fundamental in the nationi history and I regret to see a de cision that in any way lessens the need for sound principles that are so basic Toss out ruling on Bible by Florida court WASHINGTON OPt The Su preme Court set aside Mondays Florida court decision upholding constitutionality of daily Bible readings in public schools of Dadc County Miami The hiph court vacated the state decision with a brief or der after earlier ruling out Bi ble reading in Maryland and Pennsylvania But the general tenor of Soviet I1 VI i jujiuiii istrative action has been takencoverage seems aimed at convinc 11111111118 ICHO to prevent the shutting down of ing the Soviets that minorities in amid signs that civil rights supEmployment Security Commistheir nationand all working pco porters still lack the votes to kill filibuster Southern senators almost certain lo mount in to Kennedys legisla Wilson hits hard in attack on Mac the are opposition Uon sion V t field offices in Iowa far better off than ordi other states sayn U S Jack Miller RIowa Miller announced Saturday he Sen i nary people under the American system How effective is this propagan North Weather outlook Fair little warmer Mon day ninht in mid 50s Partly elowdy sightly warm Mr Tuesday in hw 80s has been advised by the U S Qne CXamplc Friday Bureau of Employment Security that million has been allocat ed from other funds to p a y costs of keeping state unemploy mentoffices open through June Gov Harold Hughes earlier this week wired Miller and Sen in Inside The Globe FLOOD KILLS tot in Utah Page 3 MASON CITY class of 13 LONDON parlyjm a i 1 and petty on 11 crushed to death in mine JOHANNESBURG South Afri ca UPI Eleven South African holds reunion Page fi leader Harold Wilson in the House of Commons Monj He accused Macmillan of MASON braves take that the governments wju national sccu Seague lead Page 11 and security scandal hadjrity Russia a triumphantj llp the moral issues in its efforts to cast Wilson said There is something utterly unprccc signed last March because of fcrenccs with BcnGurion Oppo sition parties demanded an open debate on the resignation but HcnGurions Mapai party avert ed it Two Israeli agents on trial in Basel Switzerland on charges of threatening a relative of a Ger man scientist in Egypt testified last week that Egyptian factories turning out nuclear rockets to menace Israel The trial produced a feeling that the security chief had been vin dicated and that this induced Ben Gurion to resign Once before TtenGurion re signed under heavy fire but re turned to office after heading a caretaker government ORDERS OF Grand B B Hickcnloopcr expressing gold miners were crushed to concern over a shortage of death Sunday and 10 more zrc funds to meet payrolls through presumed dead in a rockfall in June the Grootvlei mine i i 111 success m HS nitons i of Republic here 1nday douM on I5rilisb sccurily Page lo Wilson opening an in 4 dented attack in Parliarr aoout a systcm of Society News Clear Lake News Sports News Mason City News Transit Timetable Classified Pages North Iowa News u inilUNCcjllllU rllJVJllt a oyTtvui attack in Parliament onsocj0ty wnich pays a harlot five tti i 567 the government of Prime Minis 10 tcr Harold MacmiHan said the 1112 Labor Party had received infor 1415motion about the case that lifted times as much as it pays its prime minister The historymaking debate on jthc scandal arose from the res n i IHI l L ill 11 xl 111 iv o lid off one corner of of War Minister John 1819 i c c marijuana 20blackmail and Please turn to pagt 1 SAME DATE1W21Q3 Photofix POSSIBLE NEW PRIME MIN Eshkol 68 above may succeed David BenGur ion who resigned as Prime Minister Israel Eshkol is Minister of Finance and re i gardcd as the number two 1 man both in the cabinet I the Mapai party ;