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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 17, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSfAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JUNE 17 1941 NO ALLIES CLOSINC TRAP ON CHERBOURG Robot Planes Sharply Reduced Over England REPORTBRITAIN HAS ANSWER TO CRAFT ALREADY RAF Wrecks Plant Used to Store and Launch Pilotless Jet Ships By WALTER CKONKIXE London UR Britain already has the answer to Germanys robot bombers a single day after their sensational debut air experts be lieved Saturday and a sharp re duction in their activity during the night indicated that the nazi touted weapon was being shackled Royal air force heavy bombers Friday night wrecked a central supply station at Doullens France 20 miles north of Amiens and 85 miles from the English coast where the nazis stored and launched many pilotless planes against Britain The pilotless aircraft as the British called the flyingr torpedo or new type rocket streaked over southern England again Friday nght causing more casualties and damage But the attacks were on much smaller scale and decided ly less startling than the first strange attacks 24 hours earlier Obviously it was impossible to disclose Britains answer to the nazi innovation launched with a clamorous thumping of the propa ganda drums in Berlin but when it is revealed it probably will turn out to be as undfamatie asthe first attack was dramatic A big part of the British defense was the counteroffense against the complicated takeoff trips dotting the French coast The HAF attack on the Doullens base followed an assault on the rocket coast late Fri day by American heavy bombers Nevertheless the nazis managed to keep many of the contrivances awing during the night One hit a hospital where some nurses and patients were killed and other per sons injured Others took roofs off houses Many were brought down and some were exploded in the air by e r h a p s one phase of the British retort to what in the first flush of excitement had been represented in some quarters as a serious threat Home Security minister Herbert Morrison gave assurance late Fri day however that the damage was relatively light and could not im pede the allied war effort All the facts known about the weird machines were being given to the public limited only tiy se curity considerations after a day of conjecture that reached a high er realm of fantasy than the pilot less planes themselves The device was understood to have no propeller It is powered by a motor which compresses gases in the projection tail accounting for the engine beat like a motor boat as well as the spewing of smoke and sparks It carries an equivalent of a 2 000pound bomb is very thick skinned and apparently explodes on contact The extent of the nazi control was not yet clear but in any case the robots were unable to return to base and went ahead on a straight unalterable course Any air force which is forced lo use a Rube Goldberg like that one certainly most be in a bad way a military source said in typical comment While some of the first confused i conllicting reports put the speed of the pilotless plane at perhaps 500 milcs an hour a more reliable consensus indicated it was about within the range of pur suing fighters Although there had been no of ficial announcement that fighters had attacked the strange craft the German radio hinted at such a threat to their secret weapon and indicated they now were sending their own fighters to escort them They said that in clashes over England during the night 2 allied night fighters were shot down The pilolless plane is less vul nerable in size than a normal craft It presents a target roughly a 3rd the size of a Spitfire fighter j Its 16foot wingspan 25foot length and tiny round body is not an ideal target but on the other xA hand the casing around the ex X plosive is not immune against ma chine gun fire ft The plane looks like a flying fjj torpedo with an additional tnbu IT lar jet propulsion unit mounted X above the tail Five to 15 seconds after the sound of the tiny engine stops the f WRECKED BY PILOTLESS ol this home inthesouthof England searched Friday through the wreckage of their belongings after the house was smashed by a raid of German pilotless planes Associated Press wirephoto via signal corps radio engraving by Kayenay explosion can be expected with a broke out in the wreckage and considerable blast effect In one south England town 4 persons waited in water up to Washington UP The giant new B29 Superfortresses only American planes capable o smashing at the heart of Japanese industry from bases now available to the allies chose what is be lieved to be the weakest point in Japans armor for the first steel The Japanese need steel fo armament and equipment bu above all for ships The stead inroads on Japanese shipping b American planes and submarine must have left her transport sit uation critical observers here be lieved Saturday So a powerful blow at Japan largest steel mill the Imperia Iron add Steel works at Yawat was probably as heavy a sing blow as the bombers could registered against Japanese r sources 1 This reflects an essential di ference in the economy of Japa from Germany Principal targe in Germany have been aircra factories oil refineries synthe rubber and chemical plants sub marine bases and yards ball bearing works steel works and communications with the heavy steel industries rated less import ant than several of those named It was noteworthy that the giant bombers carried out their attack at night rather than by daylight as is the custom in Europe There are various reasons why this may have been done In the first place the hazard would be reduced at night Secondly there may have been operational reasons why those in command wanted the bombers to take off and land by daylight From the hour of the at 10 and 11 p it was clear the takeoff must have been in daylight and prob ably the bases were so distant that the return landing also would have been in daylight The bombers were still able to engage in precision bomhing at night however because of the choice of the target It is virtually impossible to black out steel mills due to the great light from huge furnaces Although the number of planes involved in the raid was not given being described as sizable it was believed the losses were rela tively light For example the loss Yanks Gain in Fierce Fights on Saipan Isle AMERICANS TANKSBIGGUNS TO INVADE AREA French Invade Elba Allies I Evacuate Peninsula Gain in Italy Rome forces land1 German troops are attempting to 1 Saturday on the island of Elba evacuate the Cherbourg peninsula LAST RAIL LINK CUT GUNS LASH COASTAL ROAD Americans Punch Ahead in Drive to Choke Off Entire Peninsula on it nearly before they were of 60 planes in the great raid on the Schweinfurt Ball Bearing works in Germany was considered reasonable in view of the import ance of the target For the cost of 4 big new bombers the Americans strove to release them when they American ship repair yards plastered Japans greatest single wrecked by a pilotless plane Fire more than 23000 ships m 1943 RUSSIA SIBERIA fMANCHUKUO Japs report this city as base for Super fortresses which raided Japan Japs report raids by Allied planes BONIN IS HICHI JIMA I WO JIM A NGKING CHINA Japs report attack by U S task force FR NDO HINA Beachheads established upon success ful invasion by Allies 2 Divisions of Nippon Troops Are Locked in Battle for Marianas Pearl Harbor UP divi sions of Japanese troops some 20000 to 30000 of the emperors elite fighters were locked in a death struggle Saturday with the American invaders of Saipan in Ahat may become one of the most decisive battles since U S ma rines stemmed the enemys south ward drive to Guadalcanal Reports from Saipan since the fighting began 4 days ago gave only the barest details in the see saw battle It was reported that Americans battling through in tense mortar and artillery fire breached Japanese lines north o the sugarmill town of Charai Kanoa to bring their forces to less than 5 miles from Carapan largest city on Saipan which straddles the enemys central Pacific line 1449 miles southeast of Tokyo Admiral Chester W Nimitz said he previously had assumed that Saipan was strongly held For this reason American units are battling with everything from tanks and heavy artillery to knives and bare hands in a doordie effort to ex terminate the enemy A front dispatcn by United Press Correspondent Johnston said the troops were driving inland over green rolling hills after capturing Charan Kanoa where they routed a strong Japanese rearguard in street fighting Admiral Nimitz also announced that a big American cnrrier task force struck within G15 miles of Tokyo Wednesday to bomb the Bonin and Volcano islands mid way to the Marianas in support of the invasion forces Swarms of carrierborne planes sank 2 Japanese ships damaged 10 others destroyed 47 aircrafl and probably 2 additional in the raids centered on Chichi Jima ant Haha Jima in the Bonins and Two Jima in the Volcanos The Ameri cans lost 4 planes and 5 men The communique on the Saipai ighting revealed that the troop vhich landed around Agingai Point on the southwestern tip o he island 2 miles below Charai tanoa withdrew a short distanc oward the beach Wednesday an Wednesday night under heav mortar and artillery fire from the Japanese During the night however bi guns of the American warship offshore laid down a fierce bom bardment of the enemy strong points and the U S troops con solidated their lines preparatory to a new drive Approximately 1000 troops bat tered their way through the Japa nese resistance to make an ad vance of nearly a halfmile in the southern sector and the com munique said lesser gains were made in other sectors In 2 days of fighting over the bloody shelltorn canefields that dot the southwestern sector the Americans have made advances up to 2 miles from their initial landings on cither side of Charan best known as the place of exile to escape the trap being closed for Napoleon but valuable to the I around them by Lt Gen Omar allies because of its proximity to N Bradleys troops alreadyoccupied Corsica A special allied communique said tersely that a detachment Capt James Earnhardt of Ruth erford College N Car said he saw German trucks and staff cars of the French army B1 which was moving southward over the nar commanded by Gen Do Lattre De rowing strip between the advanc Tassigny at the direction of the ing Americans and the west coast supreme allied commander landof the peninsula ed successfully on the island of I think they want to net out juja of there but our troops are mov The regular communique fast as hell hc said closed that the allied armies in mainland opposite forces pushed 12 Italy were continuing their rapid strides with the 8th army sweep ing on to Foligno about 27 airline miles north of Tcrni whose cap ture was announced only Friday Suoleto and Trevi both on highway 3 on the way to Foligno fell to the 8th army In the Adriatic sector other units of the 8th army made con tact with partisan forces who al ready were in possession of Tera mo about 15 miles from the east coast and 30 miles northwest of Peseara On Hie west coast American troops have captured Grosseto nearly 100 airline milcs from Rome and on the Elba Other miles north of Orvieto Sixtyfive to 75 miles up the peninsula from Grosseto is Pisa the west anchor ot the PisaFlor enceRimini line at which the Germans may take a stand against the allied armies the naval base of Livornoand thecity of Flor ence Grosueto with its airport facilities is expected to be of im mcdrate value for air attacks on erman prepared positions in the orthern Apennines whose foot ills come down to these cities A German broadcast said that an dings on Elba were made at joth the southern and northern nd of the island with one just est of Portoferraio the islands major city The broadcast said fighting is still going on with small German garrison de ending the island Elba is just off the west coast of Italy 7 milcs from Pipmbino nearest mainland point It is about ID miles long Gi miles wide and las an area of 140 square miles The Mediterranean air force ook a heavy toll of enemy air craft in widespread attacks de stroying 70 enemy aircraft at a USDead in 11 Days of Invasion Placed at 3283 With American Forces in France American army reported 3283 killed and 12600 wounded in opening the western front in Normandy Lt Gen Omar N Bradley said Saturday The total of 15883 casualties was for the first 11 days ot the campaign and included reports up lo midnight Friday night Gen Bradley said He paid high tribute to the courage of doughboys in estab lishing the beachhead on the European continent The tall Missourian looking ex tremely lit and in good spirits appeared before beachhead cor respondents in a group for the first time to discuss the campaign Bradley said casualties on the central beachhead where the American first division and ele ments of the 29th division landed By WES GALLAGHER Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force U S troops punched forward 2 to 3 milcs Saturday in the developing drive to choke off Cherbourg peninsula ns artillery hammered the nazis last escape road Saturdays American advance carried northwest of St Sauveur Le fall cut Cher bourgs last railway route and put V S forces astride the Douve river which bends westward above the town Other forces farther south plunged within 4 miles La Haye Du Puits road junction of the nazis last escape roulc at the shortest neck of the peninsula and big guns hurled shells on that highway The advance beyond St Sau veur Lc Vicomte carried Ameri cans within some 4 miles of Bric qucbec junction of roads lead ing to Cherbourg and to Valgones 10 miles southeast of the port Other U S troops have re had run higher than anticipated but that casualties in the penin sula area to the west had been lower than anticipated This casualty report confirmed Bradleys confidence before the invasion when he predicted that the continent could be invaded without creating the bloodbath which the enemy insisted would result and which many persons expected Bradleys first wovds to the cor espondents were in praise of his ougliboys and parachute troops captured Moniebourg 14 miles southeast of Cherbourg 011 the backdoor route to the port British troops attacking north Caumont near the center of the 100mile front took some lim ited objectives and the allies scored another advance north of Troarn at the eastern tip of the line headquarters said A front dispatch said British Tommies threw back a Spronsed nazi attack east of the Orjie river drive mounted to protect de fenses of then coun terattacked themselves sweep ing the Germans back several miles southward and seizing a village This fighting an officer said was the biggest flareup on this sector since Dday and we seem inure Hum lo have held our own Another front dispatch said BritishCanadian forces had taken 2 little settlements south of Caen in smallscale fighting in the Crimea Bad weather and rough seas hampered unloading as well as other operations and made it un likely that the allies would put in a fullscale attack until the weather improves and they can use their air superiority to the cost of 12 heavy bombers and 9 other aircraft missing A united nations radio broad cast from Algiers said the 8lh army was moving on the central Italian pivot town of Perugia which is about 72 miles southeast Florence fighting to within some 13 miles of the town from the south The fall of Foligno mcnacec Perugia from the southeast as i lies about 20 airline miles away The 5lh in capturing Grosscto also occupied the villages of San Caterinn Triana Centeno anc Monte Civilella the broadcast re corded by U S government mon itors said South African troops fighlin in the sector between Foligno anc Grosscto occupied the town of Montelcone ID miles north and slightly east of Lake Bolscna The 8th in its drive toward Perugia also seized Montcfalco the broad cast said nd their Icidcrs 0nly by juts valor and ex activity was re ported alonK the 100mileplus beachhead front although the remc bravery on the part ot tic Germans 2 heavy and cx tremely costly counterattacks in of Caen and their leaders involved vere we able to make the landing Hie Troarn area cast success he said and I cannot I which were repulsed say too much for the parachute roops who dropped in the rear In those attacks Field Marshal Krwin Kommel used tanks and in and made the job easier for the fantry in efforts lo penetrate Brit each troops They did a mar1 jsn positions at Breville and Es velous job covillc respectively 7 and The general disclosed that since milcs northeast of Caen DDay there had been 2 critical Bjggcst news thc day was iiim weather which again blew at u 11 y Force four from thc north Any have created a senouj an attack in force The first period hc said was when the doughboys fighting their wind from force three or above delays unloading on the bcach ACTION IN war against Japan is stepped up on several Pacific fronts and includes the 2nd aerial assault against the Jap homeland itself While U S forces solidified positions on Saipan island in the Mariana group 1500 miles from Tokyo and a carrier task force raided the Bonin islands 550 miles from Tokyo details of the U S B29 Superfortress attack on Jap industrial cities on Japan proper were disclosed Chief target was Yawata on the northernmost tip of the island of Kyushu see where the American flying forts did great damage to the Jap Imperial Iron ant Steel Works largest in the Jap empire The American planes took off from a base in western China where airfields have been completed at a cost of Brig Gen Kenneth D Wolfe of Riverside CaL top in inset photos heads the 20th air force bomber command which made the attack on Japan Col C A Horn of Liberty N Y below in inset photos is chief of staff of the 20th N i Kanoa While the size of the U S forces on Saipan has been guarded closer a Tokyo broad cast Friday said the Americans had landed about a division ap proximately 15000 troops in the early operations although there has been no further report Johnston who was aboard the expeditionary flagship said the troops landed along a 2mile front on Saipan under the heaviest Japanese fire encountered since Tarawa Although a heavy pre invasion bombardment by war ships and planes knocked out vir tually all the enemys coastal bat teries the Japanese showered the troops with longrange mortar and artillery fire from the hilis rising toward 1500foot Mount Potchau on the left flank of the beachhead Casualties on Saipan were not expected to equal the Tarawa losses Johnston said although the U S forces suffered material losses and the Japanese still were throwing favorite weapons into the beachhead area Nimitz only announcement thus far of American casualties was made Friday when he said the losses in the early fighting were moderate Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Continued warm and humid with scattered thunder showers Saturday afternoon Saturday night and Sunday coolev late Sunday afternoon or night Iowa Scattered thundershowers Saturday night and Sunday cooler in the north portion Sat urday night and Sunday con lined rather humid Minnesota Scattered thunder showers and cooler south Cloudy and continued cool north portion Saturday night and Sunday Winds briefly 40 miles per hour in thunder showers IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 89 Minimum Friday night 65 At 8 a m Saturday 65 Rain 44 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 79 Minimum 58 Precipitation 04 ead supreme hcadauprtcr said head were encountering a reinH disclosed officially that Lt forced nazi division This was Gen Omar N Bradley American where the first division and supground commander has 2 army porting elements of the corps under his command the 5lh fought their historic beach battle and 7th The 5th is composed of The 2nd critical time was when the first 2nd and 20th divisions American forces were trying to while the 7th includes the 82nd make their junction of beachheads I and 101st airborne and the 4th secure north of Carenlan Tiiis infantry divisions was a at the time because t wns ucsc forces which reg it was a junction point between I tile only new advances the American 7th corps on the aiong ulc bridgehead front Cherbourg peninsula and the 5th corps on the central beachhead cally that now had lost his chance to drive thc allies back into the sea and that the beachhead now was ab solutely secure American losses are expected to the BritI e higher than those ot sh and as the U S 1st American forces wnlch cap red St Sauvcur Friday after ng were busily dig getting set for an ex heavy German counter attack The advance farther west in this sector appeared likely to be slow since thc country is and hilly in spots and tself readily to defense At La Hayc Du Iuils 7 miles and 2flth divisions met the of St Saiivcur cst fighting on landing GoiiiK ashore in thc these units ran intn a irui sion holding maneuvers on a dif ficult beach Both thc British and Canadians made their original landings comparatively did other Americans on thc west American drixc posed an even center I srcatcr threat to the peninsula divi1 Capture of La Hayc would cut last main road up the penin sula Bradleys troops were about I miles away well artil lery raiisc of the town The area west ot rccapturcd although they have been Moniebourg 14 miles south of the in heavy fighting since port of Cherbourg was still a bat tlceround Minor clashes took place con engaged then Bradley declared the nazis might fight as long as possible for stantly around Caumont deepest the port even if the top of the Point of allied penetration peninsula were isolated perhaps moving their troops out of the powerfullygunned city in small boats by night to the channel islands and then to Brittany The Americans alone have cap tured 8500 Germans so far and evacuated them from Normandy he added Fierce tank and infantry fight ing raged around TillySur Scullcs taut there was no appre ciable change in cither enemy or allied positions It appeared both sides were building up reserve forces for big efforts likely to come when the weather improves ;