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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, June 17, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 17, 1943, Mason City, Iowa HOME EDITION irm IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THt NfWSPAm THAT MAKfS AU NOtTH IOWANS MIIGHMtS MASON CITY IOWA AIR WAR SLOWS MS EUROPE AS AXIS WONDERS and Rations BoA Report footing Brisk on East Front By UNITED PRESS Powerful formations of allied planes swarmed across the Eng lish channel against nazi Europe Thursday following up a block buster bombardment of Cologne Wednesday night by the royal air force and repeated sweeps of occupied territory As the offensive against west ern Europe picked up weight again that from North Africa eased up but the relative lull over the Mediterranean failed to silence the clamor of axis warn ings against a possible allied at tack A hint of good news from tbe Atlantic was dropped by the London Evening Standard which said the stage was set for the announcement of a rreafj allied victory over the The easing ofthe aerial offen r siye against Sicily coincided with extra vacant Italian propaganda claims that the allies had massed 3000 planes thousands of tanks more than 1000000 troops and more than half of the British navy for aii attack oh southern Europe t ROBE BULGARIA stanbul SARDINIAN Pound Axii Outpost TURKEY Aitonlk Ocean Axis Reports fleet Gathers LEVANT STATES King George VI Visits Troops TUNISIA Tripoli CYPRUS Jorxufc Alexandria Cairo OROCCO ALGERIA El Agheila LIBYA on Rhine 116th Time VTfVf C I IN AFRICA AS INVASION REPORTS George VI of Great Britain it has been visiting his forces in North Africa a spotlighting increased KJ the Mediterranean to said an allied convoy was at Gibraltar Axis broadcasts said a great invasion fleet was massing tier bombers continued to pound Sicily Says Turkey Has Picked Her Winner By MAX HILL rutoOrria newly won allied base miles southwest of Sic ily r While the axis floundered through fishing expeditions the allies went about their business of preparing the next blow against the enemy meanwhile maintain ing the preirivasion air offensive A strong force of Royal Air Force bombers gave the Rhine land industrial capital of Co locne Us 116th raid of the war in carrying the aerial cam paiffn from Britain through its sixth night Fourteen British bombers were lost in the attack on Cologne and subsidiary attacks on other targets London sources estimated that British and Ameri can bonrbers have delivered 7000 tons of explosives to German arms and Uboat centers in the last sixdays and nights The offensive continued Thurs day British fighters swarmed across to northern Francefor of fensive sweeps in which thevide stroyed six German fighters and lost one IHyirht D Eisenhowers North African headqnarters re that the batterinr of Sic ily which had rone on without a Break since last Saturday had with the northwest i anforcesencaged only and reconnaissance The Italian high command however reported in a broadcast conununique that theallies made several minor raids on Sicily 15 Italian provinces of Cal abna and Campania Indications were that the Malta command of the RAF had been in action again after striking several times re cently at and southern Italy Cairo revealed that allied long range fighters patroling over the Mediterranean sank three axis sailing vessels in the Aegean sea while night fighters destroyed a German air prowler off the coast near Tripoli Both Kossian and German re yartaof brisk fighting hi several the sonUiciu and fronts were f of them con by both sides to be oj con size were centered in Orel region midway between Kharkov Moscow that German troops sup Ported by tanks and planes were the soviet lines north winner no longer can be any doubt that shehad clnabei down off the diplomatic feneraS decided tbe united nations are the best bet This probably does not surpris either the axis or the allies bu just the same it is a body to Hitler and it exposes one o the soft spots in his vaunted for tress of Europe to attack th Balkans Two years ago Turkey would not have dared treat the axis with such chilUnr scorn as Pre mier Sukru Saracogln did Wed nesday Be expressed warm friendship for America Britain and Russia and their aims in the war Bis remarks concern ing Germany were tepid and restrained to say the least It has beep evident for somi time that we held the whiphana in Turkey and that Franz Von Papen has failed utterly and com pletely in another mission for Hit ler But it was not an openly admitted fact Now it is Turkey hasnt even voiced a technical protest over the closinj of the Syrian border a movi which was said by British embassy sources in Ankara to be necessar to shield troop movements It is known that both Britain and America have great tles of war materials and large armies in India not too far away Might tbfohe tbe source of a rood part of the offensive power the united nations seen tobe massing in the near This latest development in the global war is a definite threat to Hitler s vital oil supply in Rumania much more important to him than the support of Italy and tfce un certainty in Berlin should have doubled with the semiofficial re Ports from Ankara that Rumania had put out peace feelers The axis finally has had to swal low a triple dose of its own med Berlin Tokyo and Rome have needled the world with threats and rumors for years Now it is thedictators who are wearing a shoe that pinches in so many places they cant tell where the worst Hints and secondhand rumors of Europe or a second front have keen neadnne for uauy IT aetnuny say what were of Orel Russians were reported e repore clinging firmly to ail their newly won positions in the Mtsensk area northeast of Orel where a battle going through its fourth day Then the psychological attack swung in the other direction There wasnt going to be any invasion in Europe this year The result has been that the German and have become so bewildered they finally have had to nothing more than wiM NWm nmca Safe It TROOPS STAGE FIGHT FOR KING Live Ammunition Used in Mock Street Battle Africa VI was emwwabot of street fighting by an American combat team during his hundreds of miles of travel to see the mas armed strength gathered i this theater Leaving headquarters Monda morning the king spent nearly full day with the American army meeting Lieut Gen Karm Clark ath army commander and other high ranking officers A5 he reviewed one group th king remarked to Major James D Johnston of Ma rrium Springs N Car that the uniforms looked un usually clean and asked how thej were able to do it in view of th dust of this area Wlh lots of soap and plenty o elbow grease Your Majesty Johnston replied The king visited an American hillside cemetery for a brief cere mony The street fighting display took Arab village built for the purpose Live ammu usedThe watchedfrom the edge of a vine yard as bullets kickedup dust in he narrow streets Mine Workers Keep Up Threat of Court Action WASHINGTON inited mine workers kept the threat of court action over coal operators Thursday in tlieir con roversy on the unions demand or pay The claims for underground lhe central isllue fn e UMW wage dispute now be ore the war labor board The expected to release its decision Thursday or Friday but some observers doubt that its de ision will be binding unless the nion accepts UMW policy committee mem aers met for three hours Wed with President John and voted to reconvene Thursday A spokesman said the committee reviewed the dispute action He t officials believed that no ovemment agency except the ourts could rule on the portalto portal demand because a federal court has ruled that iron miners hould be paid under the wage our law for underground travel nws it fa to eoafvK tnt Sheui virtually committed to an campaign in right now is in the XKition of a man with many minor taken together they Nerves War Causes Axis to Flounder LONDON secret fly mg visit by King George VI to in spect allied i forces in the Med terranean i theater Thursda topped a iwar of nerves that le the axis floundering amid wi speculation on the imminence o an invasion thrust somewhere o therim of Europe When how and where that in its most intense and violen form will hit the enemy as prom Bed by Prime Minister Winsto Churchill was as niuch a myster as ever and there was no officia suggestion that inspec tion tour was linktd to any im pending operations 1 The censorship permitted disclosure from London that th allies had massed invasion barges landing craft and transports of a types on the south coast of Bng land where American and Brit ish shock troops have been goinj through rigorous maneuvers Th invasion ships included many nev for Use against Eu rope Axis broadcasts continued to report allied invasion barges an convoys in the Sicilian straits irea presumably preparing for a hrust at Sicily which strong al lied air fleets attacked in an in vasionpattern offensive aimed a knocking out axis air power X The British press again re rred lo axis reports of allied roops massed in the eastern Meit Merranean where the Syrian bor ier facing Turkey was closed Tuesday to prevent leakage of in ormation to the enemy American brces as well as the strong Brit sn ninth and tenth armies are in that area and might be on the move i A duagitch front United CorrespondentRichard D McMillan in Cairo said that the enemy was bewildered and unable o decide where to concentrate the bulk of his forces in thf Mediter ranean sector according to reli able reports The dispatch said the allies had a mighty with which to strike 5 At the opporife end of tbe xis front it was reported the Germans were engaged in antiin vasion maneuvers on the Norwe gian coast while in Holland the nans were reported taking drastic ction against thousands who de icd their labor conscription or ers A braadcast the BBC re ported that German industry un er allied bombardment was un bJe to maintain reserves of war weapons in view of the huge e uge m Russia and north Africa and that equipment was now be ng shipped directly from factories o the front eAUUKD BOOT IS MOUNT PLEASANT of Fern Freeman 1J who drowned in Big cSaTcrwk near on Monday was ednesday in the Skunk War TURKS RECALL VICHY DIPLOMAT Withdrawal Seen as Step Toward Rupture BERN Switzerland bassador Bchic of Turkey hasbeen Tecalled to Ankara from Vichy in protest against lecent severe ges tapo restrictions upon his embassy a Turkish diplomatic source said Thursday While this withdrawal was not considered a rupture in rela tions between Turkey and Vi chy France this source said it could be a step in that direc tion In addition to a protest against nazi surveillance of the embassy another reason for the recall of the ambassador was said to be pressure on the part of the allies who thereby hope that Vichy will take a similar action and recall Lraston Bergery from Ankara Ths source who cannot be identified by name said allied quarters held that Bergery is too fncndly with the axis sees too much of German Ambassador V6n Papen The nazis refused to issue Am bassador Erkin a visa to return to Ankara through Switzerland but granted him passage through Ger many It was believed he already is enroute to Turkey Relations were reported to be very strained with the Turks angered at the Vichy govern ment and Marshall Peiain In addition to the ambassador the Turks also recalled Embassv Counsellor Sevdat The Vichy correspondent of the Gazette De Lausanne reported hat all foreign consulates in the Mediterranean coastal areas France have been ordered move to the interior CALHOUX GRANDSON DIES PASADENA Cal Calhoun 87 grandson oT John C Calhoun who was for eight years Tprej5snt the umted tates died Wednesday night of njuries received in an automobile accident LIVESTOCK MEN WATCH EFFECT FROM SUBSIDY Slowdown of Activity in Result Packer Spokesman Say CHICAGO UP Packers an commission dealers Thursday watched with interest the eflec on business at the nations majo livestock markets following dis closure by the government of de tails of subsidy payments accom panying the scheduled rollback in retail meat prices Spokesmen for packers and deal ers asserted that the recent slow down in activity at the stockyard here and in oilier major centers was due to the uncertainties o the terms of the subsidy payments to packers to compensate them for therollback which seeks to cut consumer prices 10 per cent The iiew retail prices become ef fective next week The payments lo be made monthly and to apply to live stock slaughtered beginning June 3V will be 11 cents per pound for cattle and calves 1J cents per pound for hogs and pigs and tJg cents per pound for sheep and lamps Some packing com pany spokesmen said prelimin ary calculations indicated the would not compen sate folly for the reduction in Rice president of the ChieaaoUvestock exchange said the price f rollbacV cause an even greater scarcity of beef in the regular commercial channels than ne satd now exists The war mea board has declared that the na fion s armed forces arc in critical fed of beef The board met again Wednesday continuing their study of facilitating the operation of the nations meat program Prices of both cattle and hogs weakened in Wednesdays slow trade and at the close of busi ness some 40M hogs and lMO head of cattle remained unsold Aew receipts continued small both here and in other centers Cattle arrivinr at leading livestock centers totaled ZSwS head the smallest for June in the last 15 years Receipt for the corresponding day last year were head s At one of the big plants here unc ui ine Dig plants here slaughtering crews were Idle the second day this week for workers at Armour Co At the Wilson co plant workers in the calf department had worked only one hour this week They are guaran teed for 32 hours a week GASOLINE STOCKS LOW WASHINGTON 4 Gasoline slocks were reported by the bu reau of mines Thursday lo be rapidly approaching critical levels everywhere in the country except the west coast April and May it said recorded heavy dips into stored supplies 16 Year Old Fighter Out of Army Now Clifford R Whereley of ElmwSd ill who has received four dec orations for serving as turret gun ner on f Martin marauder on 21 combat missions over enemy ter ritory has been ordered returned to the United States and dis charged from the army as a minor He is 16 years old A letter from the adjutant gen eral s office in Washington said that evidence had been received showing that WhereJcy was only 15 when he enlisted at Peoria 111 on April 1 1942 I was so mad I dont remember what was in the letter the adju tant read to me he said Thurs day I came in on my own hook and didnt tell my right age be cause 1 couldnt get in if I did My parents didnt know about it until after I already was in They didnt pull me out because they thought I would stay in the United States Whereley a 154pound 5 feet 5 inches youth has received an air medal and three oak leaf Clusters lor his service which included 18 missions over Tunisia at a time when the axis still was putting up effective fighter and antiaircraft opposition 25 MEN FLOATED 15 DAYS ON SEA i Lifeboat After Torpedoing PORTLAND Ore by rains and seared by the sun 23 men jammed in asmall Jife ooat from their torpedoed mer chantman rode out the south Pa cific swells for 15 an army flying fortress spotted them as they were on the verge of starvation The stoiy came Thursday from George Atchison 20 year old lavy seaman first class who rc urncd home to await his next as signment They spotted a floating cocoa iul on the seventh day he said and carved it into 50 pieces twc or each man Their normal daily j was two biscuits and a malted milk tablet apiece On the loth day a flying fort css spotted the boat and soon a ransport came over and dropped offee cigarets and canned food IX AMERICANS MISSING AFTER NLOMONS MID ToD of 32 Fighters 45 Zeros Heaviest Ever Taken in Area WASHINGTON one of the great air battles of the Pa cific American planes shot down 77 Japanese aircraft over Guad alcanal island Wednesday while losing six of their own number the navy announced Thursday Never before had toe enemys ir losses in the Guadalcanal area been so heavy The 17 total was almost exactly twice that of the Japanese losses last April 7 when 39 enemy craft were destroyed during a sin gle raid Navy communique No 415 said South Pacific 1 A brief report received Irom the south Pacific reveals that in an air battle over Guadal canal island on June 16 United States planes shot down 32 Japa nese bombers and 45 zero fight ers Six United States planes are missing 2 No further been received details have The description of the Ameri can planes as missing ed that some of them or at least turn they lost 39 American were three ships and Says Policeman Was lough Saving His Life NEW YORK UR Theodore Vellman 40 arraigned on a dis rdcrly conduct charge said a ong Island railroad policeman as not genllc in pulling him rom the tracks in front of an Pproaclnng train After all said lagistrate Abner Surplcss you ont have to be introduced by mily Post before a policeman omes lo 3our aid Weather Report FORECAST IASON CITY Warmer Thursday alternoon Low temperature j night about same as Wednesday night Warmer by Friday noon OWA Not much change in tem perature Thursday afternoon and nignt Warmer by Friday noon IINNESOTA Little change in temperature Thursday night and Friday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Majnmum Wednesday 79 Minimum Wednesday night 58 At m Thursday M M inch IfEAR AGO Maximum 34 Minimum 47 Precipiution M W F Ingraham on Manpower Commission Policy Group A i One of Six Appointed by Frank Rang Regional WMC Director W F Injraham division super mlendent of the Milwaukee road and resident of Mason City for many years was one of six lowans to be appointed to a stale policy committee of the war man power commission according to an announcement by the office of war information Others appointed were Ben Henry of Des Moines president of the IowaNebraska Industrial George Heaps Jr of Des Moines secretary of the Industnes Council of Des Moines Marvin Schmidt Public Relations Director of John Deere Tractor company Waterloo C C Brandow City representing rail road labor and Ira Lane of Des Moines business agent of the car penters union W F INCBAHAMt policies within the framework of the national pro gram Rarig said The committee also will serve as an appeal board in the admin istration of employment stabiliza tion outside the Des Moines area and will review amiapp h h 10Cai b in iar The 13 to 1 score turned in combat flyers in the Solomoas who have in the past included army navy and marine pilots was one of the best possibly the best ever recorded in a single action In the action of April 7 the Japanese attacked shipping al Guadalcanal with 98 planes in 50 bombers and while Josses ojijjo seven planes Only two American pilots failed to return from their crashed craft however The latest raid in the Guadal canal area prior to Wednesdays action was on last Saturday when the Japanese sent a force of 40 to aO fighter planes into the vicin ity of the Russell islands Ameri can anbase territory lying im mediately north or Guadalcanal Their move then appeared o be aimed at winning aerial su premacy by overwhelming American fighter planes forces and driving them from the skies thereby layinr American ground installations open to a smothering assault As it turned out the Japanese had 25 planes definitely shot down and eight probably American losses were six planes and two pilots The makeup of the enemy force in the Wednesday battle suggested that the Japanese had returned to their earlier tactics of fighters escorting bombers after their Saturday thrust with fight ers alone failed so completely It was not clear however on the basis of available informa tion why the Japanese should be directing aid forces of such considerable size and suffering losses at so great a rate info the Quadalcanal area One explanation widely men tioned in speculation here is that the Japanese believe Guadalcanal will play an important role in the next big American push and are r trying to disrupt operations there as much as possible primarily as a defensive measure SAYS NAZIS HAVE DELAYED DRIVE Front Line Supply Shortages Blamed LONDON invasion jittery German high command was reported Thursday to have delayed a summer offensive against soviet Russia originally set for June 16 because ot front line supply shortages A foreign source with reliable contacts inside Germany who cannot be more fully identified sad June 16 was chosen for a limited attack pivoting around the Orel satient 200 miles south of Moscow r is ldecision to make a limited attack came only after a controversy between Field Mar shal Gen Fedor von Bock now commander in chief in Russia n ussia Leut Gen Eberhard Warli n H ger communities throughout lowaN gl ;