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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 16, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE VOL U THE NEWSPAPER THAT Associated fma ana United press Full Leased MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JUNE 16 1945 SEE INSIDE WASHINGTON Mme Chiang a Mystery Why Is She Still Here By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Correspondent The universe at the moment is clogged with un solved mysteries One of the most fascinating 9f the perplexing prob lems that confuses you and me what goes on with Madame Chiang KaiShek What is the prima donna of the far east the most superb actress since Sarah Berahard the most superb crusader since Joan of Are doing tucked away in a Hudson river retreat while her country is from Communism to Capitalism and from Capitalism to Stalinism What has become of that patriotism which the f ascinat ine Mey Ling exemplified That sincere patriotism which when Mey Line first came to this coun try caused us to expect that she would suffer and sacrifice for her tome what might Eeports have it that the new premier of China T V Soong would travel to Moscow to confer with the soviet marshal T V Soong a few days ago replaced Chiang KaiShek husband of Madame Chiang as premier of China Has Madame Chiang shown any agitation change Not because at all of the Madame Chiang whom we were led to be lieve represented the lifeblood of China and its finest ideals remains incommunicado in this faraway country How can she fail to know that her country may at this mo ment be swapping its future lor a pack of Moscow promises Madame Chiang has always been a mystery woman arid 4 super ficial reasons are being given by Mey Lings friends for her con tinued presence in this country Washington inner circle11 gossip particularly among those who have been out China way frequently has concerned itself with the notion that Madame Chiangwould not return became quired by thegeneralissimopresi dent However since concubines are no great novelty in China this does not seem a when one considers customs of the so upset Madame Chiang that she would leave the country whose cause she has so ardently espoused both in the United States and abroad Mey Ling has never appeared the type of woman to sidestep for a com petitor Not she She would man age neatly to eliminate said competitor Dont get excited 3 didnt say I said Chiang does not go back to China because she is ill This is a hazy explanation Those who know Madame Chiang say she is not very ill She has a skin affliction brought on by nerves Nothing critical Something more irritating than the hives or shin difficult o treat Can you imagine Madame Chiang who so magnificently ad dressed the congress of the United States and wheedled every Ameri can statesman she met into mak ing some promise for China be ing done in by some aggravating ailment Mey Ling is rich enough and determined enough to take a whole corps of specialists on hives and whatever it home to China with her if there were no skin specialists in China clever enough to treat her own troublesome ailment Ciiang is not want ed back in Chiia She would be embarrassing powers now running the siow Too much money is in China by the Soong family Madame Chiang represents mofiy If she keeps ou of the way the common people wont think of the Soong activities too much from another rrouj of roy alty of sorts in China Like other Is keeping away from the old home place while the storm rages Then when peace is declared she wil return join her esteemed and clev er husband And all will be wel once again with Mey Ling and the recently deposed premier DO CHIANG KAISHEK and the knowing Mey Ling step out of the picture today in order that later when the fighting is ended and Japan is vanquished they may stand before their people as saviors without entanglements with the foreign Diphtheria Toll in Britain London thousand children under 15 years of age in England and Wales died of diph theria during the thous and more than were killed by ene my bombs the ministry of health announced Saturday The an nouncement told of a new summer campaign for immunization FRENCH FIGHT SPANISH WHO OPPOSED REDS 12 Spaniards Killed in HourLong Battle Along Spanish Border Cbambery France resistance members fought an sourlong pitched battle here late Friday with troops of the Spanish Blue division which fought the Russians on the eastern front and killed 12 Spaniards Approximately 100 Spaniards and several Frenchmen were wounded in the fighting A sealed train brought the Span iards here on their way home to Spain from Switzerland where they had been interned after fight ing as volunteers with the wehr macht on the eastern front As the train drew into Cham bery station the French attacked They smashed windows and ripped off doors to get at the Spaniards inside Equipment and personal be longings being taken home by the Spaniards were tossed out on the station platform where a crowd pounced upon them The battle raged an hour before railroad officials could get the train moving again Finally the train started off in the direction of AixLesBains Members of the resistance movement had blown up a section of another line from this town to Grenoble where sev eral thousand Frenchmen were awaiting the Spaniards with the declared intention of lynching them The Blue Division was officially dissolved by Generalissimo Fran cisco Franco over a year ago But members who wanted to remain on the eastern front as volunteers in the wehrmacht were allowed todo so the GcrrhanTcolIapse the Spanish consul at Munich gave papers to troops of the division enabling them to enter Switzer land The Swiss arranged for their repatriation by way of France Dianas Dad Is Hurrying Home to Her Waterloo was a big day in the life of little 3year old Diana Peel who is fighting for her life against dread acute leuke mia Her daddy is coming home Somewhere between San Fran cisco arid Waterloo S Richard J Peel is hurrying here to see Di ana whom doctors have given only a fighting chance to live Peel was the object of an inter national search before he was found recovering from battle wounds in a Pacific hospital told that Diana then had only 2 weeks of life and rushed toward home He arrived at Mare island hospital San Francisco Thursday It was the same day that Sea man Peel reached the U S that doctors found that his tiny daugh ter had improved considerably They warned however that the improvement might only be tem porary and that Peel should waste no time if he wanted to see Diana alive As for Diana she was so happy over her daddys impending return she could talk of nothing else Told he was hurt the little girl who has been languishing on what may be her own deathbed cried Ill make daddy well again Bay your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Saturday night and Sunday Continued rather cool Saturday night Rising tem peratures Sunday Iowa Mostly cloudy with scat tered thundershowers Saturday partly cloudy Saturday nigh and Sunday cooler Saturday night and in east Saturday Minnesota Partly cloudy and coo Saturday night with ligh showers near the Canadian bor der Sunday partly cloudy and warmer with showers in the extreme northeast portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 62 Minimum Friday 50 At 8 a m Saturday 53 Precipitation 36 inch YEAR AGO Maximum gg Minimum 66 Precipitation 70 NO 215 INVASION THREAT Tokyo Reports Allied Fleet Off Balik Papan Great Eastern Borneo Oil Port VITS BUT CQMES HOMEThe navy aircraft carrier USS 3 yearsand 3 without suffering an enemy bomb hit But fast off the coast of Iwo Jima the veteran heLcrew battled the flames in spite of the havoc wreaked ibnne the Vallant carrier back to Pu8et Sound navy pier at r UIlder 16r She was the most extensively damaged vessel ever received at the yard This is an official U S navy photo Allies Question Ribbentrop Hohenzollern Prince Says He Served as PJD RjEnvoy in 1938 Peace MissioiT By LOUIS P LOCHNER Copyright 1945 By the Associated Press Bad Kissmgen Bavaria Louis Ferdinand Hohenzollern grandson of the last kaiser asserts that he served as messenger in a confidential move by the late President Roosevelt in 1938 to preserve peace He says that the president by the early autumn of 1938 was so worried concerning the international situation and the possibility of n iiTiT An1 i J a world war that he took ures to inform the German gov ernment of his willingness to meet Adolf Hitler Benito Musso lini and Neville Chamberlain then Britains prime minister in the Azores for a conference In Washington P r e s i d c n t Roosevelts secretaries and former Undersecretary Sumner Welles said they never had heard of the reported message Mrs Roosevelt through her secretary said at Hyde Park N T that shehad no The Hohenzollern prince a one time employe of the Ford com pany in Detroit who knew Mr Roosevelt from the time the lat ter was governor of New York says the president chose him as his emissary on this occasion He first told me of this mission in 1938 at that time I promised to keep it confidential Lochner was chief of the former AP bu reau in Berlin up to the time of Pearl Harbor But with Presi dent Roosevelt dead Hitler re ported dead and his foreign min ister Joachim von Ribbentrop now in allied hands Prince Louis Ferdinand has agreed that there is no longer any reason for with holding this interesting detail of recent history The prince now 37 is the 2nd son of the crown prince of World war I days Friedrich Wilhelm More or less a refugee he is liv ing in modest comfort with his wife the former Russian Grand Duchess Kyra and their 5 chil dren in the home a former physician to the late kaiser This is he story of the Roose velt peace gesture as he tells it he and his bride went on their honeymoon trip around the world in 1938 they were house guests of the Roosevelts and he had many confidential chats with the president on the dangers of nazism and its imperialistic and militaristic threats The president and prince found themselves in complete accord Before the young couple de parted for Germany Mr Roose velt as was sometimes his prac tice bypassed official channels to convey a delicate proposal which on account of its unofficial na ture could at any time be dis avowed by either the proponent or the recipient He entrusted Louis Ferdinand with sounding out Ribbentrop on the possibility of a personal heart to heart meeting of Jhe American president the German fuehrer the Italian duce and the British prime minister Ribbentrop of course was to take the matter up with Hitler Louis If he Hit ler reacted the pro posal then could be transformed into an official one through the customary channels Returning to Germany late in the autumn of 1938 the prince prepared a careful memorandum to Ribbentrop setting forth with out revealing details that he was charged with communicating cer tain information from the Ameri can president unofficially to the German government Ribbentrop had not even the courtesy to acknowledge receipt Weeks passed Through various channels Louis Ferdinand pressed for an answer There was stony silence Then a reply revealing Hitlers attitude toward the president came in quite a different manner than the one expected Christmas was approaching so the young Hohenzollern sent a message to the Roosevelts thanking them for their hospitality and extending the seasons greetings Hardly had the telegram been handed in when a luftwaffe offi cer appeared Louis Ferdinand then was serving in the German air force I have been sent by Marshal Goering to demand how you dared communicate with our fuehrers greatest enemy the officer said Our fuehrer personally ordered the marshal to investigate Unless you have a satisfactory answer you will be discharged in disgrace from the wehrmacht with other consequences a possibility What saved my skin at that time the prince told me was the fact that we had sent mes sages not only to the Roosevelts but also to statesmen in other countries in which we had been entertained That knocked the botton out of the allegation that my cable was sent with the de liberate intent to commit an af front against the German chief of state After this episode Louis Ferdi nand ceased pressing Ribbentrop for a reply to his memorandum as the depth of the cleavage be tween the American president and the German dictator now was re vealed fully Yugoslavs to Vote Moscow dispatch to Red Star said Saturday that general elections had been ordered for Yugoslavia with women voting for the first time and all soldiers re gardless of age casting mallots This will include many teenage partisans It was also announced that the war had cost Yugoslavia 1700000 of ifs prewar population of 15000000 persons another invasion of the island may be imminent said that included an aircraft carrier j battleships 16 destroyers and other warships Any other warships in a fleet of that make up could very well be landing craft Saturdays communique from Sen Douglas MacArthurs head quarters reported a heavy bomb er attack on Balik Papan gun and nearby airdromes at Manggar and Seppinggan Balik Papan with a prewar population of 30000 was one of Borneos greatest oil producing centers The combined production of its refineries and those of cap tured Tarakan island 310 miles to the north was 1680377 tons of PROBE SECRETS OF UNDERGROUND Captured Nazi Claimed He Was on Hitler Errand London UR Supreme head quarters investigators questioned former German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop Saturday for clues to the nazi underground the extent to which Germany shared her V weapon secrets with Japan Ribbentrop told his British cap tors originally thai he was a mis sion for Hitler but it later de veloped the mission was to tell Britain and Germany that the fuehrer had hoped to avoid war with Britain A dispatch from British army headquarters said Ribbentrop was on no other special mission when captured Thursday in Hamburg Questioning of Hibbentrop was believed centering around Jour main topics on which may hinge future war plans of the united na tions 1 Did the Germans detect a sizeable antiwar bloc in Japan 2 Did Germany pass on to Ja pan scientific data for the latest terror weapons as for instance the transAtlantic Vrockets 3 How strong and closely knit is the nazi underground in Ger many who are its potential lead ers and where is it based 4 Do secret nazi outposts exist in neutral or other countries Whereabouts of the questioning was not revealed Ribbentrop was flown to supreme headquarters from Lnenberg Friday after he was captured in a Hamburg board in house However authorities refused to say whether the head quarters were those in Paris or FranbfurtonMain A dispatch from British 2nd army headquarters said Ribben trop mentioned that he was on a mission for Hitler during pre liminary questioning The dispatch did not elaborate on the reference Censors at British headquarters first said they would not permit mention of the mission to be cabled abroad but later relented It was possible the socalled mission had some connection with letters addressed to Vincent Prime Min ister Winston Brit ish MarshaTSir Bernard L Mont gomery which Ribbentrop had in his possession when arrested He had asked his captors to see that bolh letters were delivered to Montgomery but they were sent instead to supreme headquarters with Ribbenlrop Previous reports that he had a 3rd letter addressed to British Foreign Secretary An thony Eden were not confirmed Latest reports from British headquarters said an attractive 35 year old brunet divorcee was found with Ribbentrop in a four room apartment on the fifth floor of a Hamburg house British offi cers said she apparently owned the apartment and had rented a room to Ribbentrop U S SEIZES CHICAGO TRUCKS Move Seems Designed to Foil 2nd Strike Chicago government took over control of Chicagos trucking industry Saturday seiz ing some 1700 lines in an appar ent move to forestall a 2nd strike by union drivers Possession of the lines by the office defense transportation 24 days after its seizure of ap proximately 1100 lines to break a weekold strike came amidst unconfirmed reports that army troops from nearby camps were moving in for any emergency An ODT spokesman said fullprep arations have been made to call in troops if needed The 2nd seizure order stem ming fiom a long standing contro versy over wages and hours was issued in Washington as a small percentage of the approximately 14000 drivers of the 2 unions in volved voted 805 to 128 to strike Union spokesmen said the small turnout for the strike ballot was notx entirely unexpected It was limited to drivers whose compan ies were not included in the first ODT seizure while many others did not vote after it was an nounced the ODT had assumed control of other lines Big Three Will Meet in Berlin London Berlin will be the scene soiretime before July 26 for the next Big 3 con ference This was made official Friday night by an announcement from 10 Downing resi dence of Prime Minister Church ill A spokesman said the date had not been fixed definitely but the prime minister himself had said it would be before July 26 First Lord ot the Admiralty Brendan Bracken said the confer ence would take place at the very time the votes are being counted in Britains national election This would mean il could be any time between July 5 date for the election and July 27 when the results are expected to be announced Bracken assailed a statement by Harold Laski chairman of the labor party that laborites woulc not be bound by Big 3 decisions despite the fact that Laborite Maj Clement Attlee who was deputy prime minister in Church ills coalition cabinet had ac cepted the prime ministers offer to attend as a friend and coun sellor crude oil in 1939 More than 40D miles to the northwest of Balik Papan on the opposite coast of Borneo Austral ian troops completed clearing the Brunei peninsula and Labuan island in the mouth of Brunei bay Australian troops advancing north of Brunei town were with in 16 miles of the oil refinery center of Tutong on the road to the Seria and Miri oil fields Minesweepers continued clear ing the thick minefields off Baram pointnear the oil fields They drew some fire from beach defenses along the point which is 70 miles down the coast from Brunei bay Maj Gen George Frederick Wootten commander of the 9th Australian division announced the clearing the Brunei penin sula and Labuan island in an or der of the day in which he nraised the magnificent fighting quali ties of his troops So far there has been no heavy fighting in north Borneo Several hundred Japanese have been killed in the campaign and Aus tralian casualties have been un usually light American forces in the Philip pines began a renewed drive to clear the remaining Japanese from Luzon paced by the 37th division which spurted 22 miles in 24 hours Report British Nix French proposal for 5rower Conference Paris quar ters said Saturday Britain had formally declined Frances pro posal for a 5power conference on Middle East problems British Ambassador Alfred Dull Cooper saw Georges Bidault French minister of foreign affairs at noon Official quarters declined to dis close details oE the British note pending further study It was un derstood on authority however that Britain had reiterated her preference for a 3power confer ence of France Britain and the United States without the other members of the big 5 Russia and China The British position since Gen De Gaulle proposed an enlargec conference has been that the Le vant problem could be solved more easily by the 3 nations mos immediately involved BORNEO INVADERS DRIVE north Bor neo campaign which began when the Australian 9th divi sion stormed ashore under the personal direction of Gen Douglas MacArthur is progressing favorably and allied casualties are light The above closeup of the invasion area shows the key invasion sites 1 Maura island and Brooke njhe from which they have advanced to within 2 miles of Brunei town On Labuan where other landings were made Victoria was taken and 2 air bases acquired The Aussies also made new landings 4 east of the threatened city RYUKYUS MAY BE POINT OF NEXT ATTACK Okinawa Defenders Are Making Last Stand Victory Very Near Guam of American reparations for possible new andings in the Ryukyus were re orted by Radio Tokyo Saturday s Japanese defenses on southern Okinawa all but collapsed American officers on Okinawa aid final victory may come this veekcnd certainly within a week Jhe trapped Japanese herded into shellswept 10 square mile iwckef began what may be iheir ast disorganized banzai charges Tenth army forces had captured learly half the southern plateau tanks paced the imerican advances and crushed iehard Japanese in foxholes be neath their treads Radio Tokyo said American na ral units already have extended heir patrols 110 miles northeast f Okinawa to Amami island only 85 miles south of Japan proper n preparation for possible fresh perations against the Japanese lonieland The Japanese regard Amami ike Okinawa and the remainder if the Ryukyu island chain as part if their homeland Tokyo said it also was espe ially noteworthy that the num ier of fullyladen American car go ships and landing craft in the American held Kerama islands ust west Okinawa had in reased suddenly Light American surface craft lave been using Naha harbor on the southwest coast of Okinawa and Unten harbor farther north even longer Tokyo said It esti mated rapidlygrowing American air strength in the Okinawa area at 1000 planes including 400 on new land bases and the der on carriers Everything seems to indicate Tokyo said that American bases on Okinawa were being steadily perfected for fulldress opera ioiis Lt Gen Simon Bolivar Buck ner commander of the American 10th army told newsmen on Oki nawa that the conquest of the sland was complete except for he final destruction of the last few thousand Japanese on the southern tip I cant see how this caa last a week longer as things look now le said We are now down to a dried job of killing them One of his divisional comman ders said final victory may come within the next 24 hours Buckner disclosed that the orig nal American estimate of 60000 o 80000 Japanese on Okinawa had been raised to 85000 and in dicated that his men already had lied nearly 80000 of them Twelve Japanese were killed for every American lost he said He said the Japanese may make suicide banzai charges as they fall back might surrender or pos sibly leap off the 100foot south ern cliffs into the sea in a final orgy of mass suicide Field reports said disorganized banzai charges already had be gun Marines of the first division oh the western flank killed 29 of 5ft attacking Japanese in one charge and 30 in another Even larger numbers were killed by the 7th division on the eastern flank The number of prisoners was increasing steadily but most of the enemy were betng killed at a rate of nearly 1000 a day E G Valens United Press war corre spondent at the front said the battles had become a virtual slaughter Our troops cant kill all the Japanese they find exposed he said In at least 2 instances our flamethrowing tanks r oared across the rockstrewn plateau close on the tail of groups of Jap anese numbering from 100 to 250 They killed Japanese by the dozens rolling over their bodies to put salt on the tails of any who managed to escape In addition to the Japanese bod ies already recovered American officers believed there were thou sands of additional dead and dy ing behind the enemy lines American artillery dug in on the YaejuDake plateau for the last lime The guns now cover the en tire remaining Japaneseheld area at the southern tip of the Island Dearly half the YaejuDake plateau already had been occu pied by Uie Americans Maj Gen James L Bradleys 96th division swarmed down on the plateau from the north in a drive threatening to split the en emy pocket in half The 96th was using its heavy tanks and flame throwers on the plateau for the first time On the cast the 7th division widened its hold on the plateau to nearly a mile and reached hill ;