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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, June 16, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 16, 1942, Mason City, Iowa 1 NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AfiO ARCHIVES OE3 MOiHE 3 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JUNE 16 1942 THIS PAPEn CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE A tj ivntu OK TWO SECTIONS XT m ONE NO 212 19000 SEE BAND FESTIVAL PARADE ENEMY CLAIMS British Escape NAZIS FORCED Allied Planes Set Fire to 2 Italian Battleships in Fight BULLET1X LONDON supplies nave been delivered successfully the earrisons at Malta and Tobruk it was announced offici ally Tuesday Fantastic enemy claims of losses suffered by the convoy and protecting craft arc without foundation the an nouncement by the admiralty and air ministry declared By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor The United States army air force in action for the first time alongside the RAF in the central and eastern Mediterranean was credited officially Tuesday with a part in a smashing air and sea assault in which two Italian bat tleships were set afire a 10000 ton cruiser was sunk and a small er cruiser and destroyer were damaged In the Pacific United States air power also was making felt as army and navy flyers pressed home a third great victory over Japanese invasion forces in the Aleutian islands off Alaska The RAF announcement in a special communique from Cairo that American flyers had been in the Mediterrant in fight for the last four days bvjgan to bring into focus the picture of the thunder ing seaair fight in the straits be tween Italy and Africa which the axis previously had sought to pass off as their own success Taking part in the attack said the RAF communique were a force of Liberator aircraft the majority of which were Americ by the United States army air force The consolidated Liberators are powerful fourmotored United States bombers akin to the flying fortresses which helped shower destruction upon the Japanese in the battles of the Coral sea and Midway Altogether two strong Italian naval formations were attacked the RAF announced A communique said torpedo planes attacking from bases in Africa and Malta scored a num ber of hits and spread fires on Italian warships Monday night A fascist cruiser of the Trento class was first set aflame by bombs and then sunk by an aerial torpedo The Italian warships then turned northward and through out Monday night were sha dowed as they returned to base thc communique went on thus clearly indicating that the Ital ians had broken off thc engage ment to Hee In the first action the RAF said an Italian naval force including two battleships and four destroy ers was sighted south of Taranto t big Italian naval base on Sunday evening Kept under surveillance the force was attacked by allied tor pedo planes Monday night and besides thc 10000 ton Trento class cruiser sent to ihe bottom a six inch gun cruiser and a destroyer were known to have been hit In thc second action Monday evcning another Italian force ot cruisers and destroyers was at tacked by British torpedo planes in the vicinity of Pantelleria A cruiser was hit and left in flames and a destroyer was probably hit the RAF said A German version of the spec tacular seaair battle entirely dif ferent from the Italian account said nazi air and naval forces sank four cruisers and destroyers probably sank another destroyer and damaged six other warships in attacks on British Mediterran ean convoys The Germans also asserted that bound convoy and were in add tion to those reported by the Ital ians The fascist version said three British warships were sunk and 17 other ships sunk set afire or damaged By EDWARD KENNEDY CAIRO Egypt fierce Libyan battle in which armored forces of both sides have taken a terrific hammering moved east ward toward Tobruk Tuesday as the British withdrew from their coastal anchor around Ain El Ga zala while heroic antitank gun ners and tank drivers fought to hold open thc road at Acroma This meant the British had given up the old Ain El Gazala Bir Hacheim line of strong boxes and minefields which Ihe Ger mans first went around then pierced and finally erased one end at a time But it also meant the British had succeeded in escaping a threatened trap when the Ger mans drove their tanks at Acroma 10 miles west of Tobruk to cut off the Ain El Gazala forces 30 miles farther west Rommel thus had managed after three weeks of terrific battling to accomplish what he had aimed at in the first few days the elimi nation of the defense line for a di rect attack on Tobruk and its screening positions at Acroma and El Adem just to the south of To The British believed that the effort had cost him heavily and that his offensive power had been spent Tuesdays communique said that two divisions took part in the withdrawal and that this com pleted the redisposition of forces which Lieut Gen Neil M Ritchie mentioned in his communique of Monday f Military commentators in Lon don said that presumably the units of ihe British eighth army were being regrouped for a gen eral counterattack but there was no sien that this had been started There was no confirmation in London of axis claims to hav ing sliced through Uie British positions at Acroma to thc coast Presumably thc way was still open for a complete withdrawal from Ain El Gazala if that be came necessary In the fierce fighting which has accompanied the German effort to plunge through at Acroma 10 miles west of Tobruk both sides were said to have suffered heavy tank losses The British were reported to have encountered severe losses on Sunday when they ran into a Ger man position studded with 88 mil limeter antitank guns But there was no indication that Rommel had been reinforced and he was believed to be fighting with the same three armored di visions with which he launched his offensive three weeks ago Thc communique said the withdrawal was made success fully by thc SOth division and first south African division un der cover of a magnificent fight by troops holding positions around Acroma and the first ar mored division who beat off de termined enemy attacks throughout the whole of June 14 In the El Adem area due south of Tobruk it said three strong axis attacks on British positions Monday were repulsed with heavy loss to the enemy After three exhausting weeks of fighting the seesaw struggle of the Libyan desert appeared to be reaching its finale The axis evidently having mus tered its remaining armor for a last burst of power was making what seemed to be one final lunge toward its prime goal Tobruk Britains key to the defense of the Egjptian border On the olhcr side Britains eighth army was counterat fucktng in a wild mixup of tanks and other mechanized forces to prevent the enemy from splitting it up and cutting off Tobruk once again The fighting which has con tinued virtually without respite in blistering heat and swirling sand since Nazi Marshal Rommels tanks swept against the British line on May 16 has cost both sides heavily in machines and fatigue In the British view Rommel able to British too are weakened and weary They surmise therefore that sides arc near the f energy and that yet of the seething battles of I will ond without settling thc of northeast Africa NEAR KHARKOV Report Red Armies Holding Firm at Sevastopol Also By HENRY C CASS1DY MOSCOW liP A threeday German assault in an attempt to cross an important river in the Kharkov sector has been balked by Russian hilltop defenses and the nazis now have been forced back to the defensive frontline soviet dispatches declared Tues day The Germans claimed Tues day they had expanded a bridgehead which they won across the Donets river iu the Kharkov area Monday Around Sevastopol the other major scene of current fighting on the eastern front the Germans have massed seven artillery regi ments on their main line of as sault in an effort to batter down the Russian fortifications of that besieged Crimean city the lius sians said if The German cannon includes one ot the Big Berthas like those with which the kaisers troops shelled Paris during the last World war thc dispatch said but despite this weight of artillery the red army forces are holding firmly to their rockbound posi tions Tass official sovietnews agency said the Germans were using at least seven infantry di visions and more than 150 tanks against Sevastopol in addition to the massed artillery In repulsing the repeated heavy German assaults the agency said the Sevastopol garrison m a single day destroyed 40 tanks and killed three regiments of infantry while soviet planes burned It tanks knocked out 12 more and smashed 13 trucks loaded with infantry V The approaches to our ad vance line were littered with the bodies of fascist officers and men Tass said with 950 counted in one small sector Tass warned however that the situation remains tense On the Kharkov front where a soviet communique said 180 German tanks were destroyed or damaged Monday Tass re ported the invaders struggled all day to gain onethird of a mile only to be hurled back in the end On that battlefield a single soviet tank set fire to six enemy tanks put four others out of ac tion then burst into the ranks of German infantry and crushed ov shot 70 men despite the fact that it had been hit 18 times Tass re ported There was a flurry of activity also on the longdormant Bryansk front in the central area where a quick red army offensive was re ported to have killed 600 Germans and driven others out their po sitions The Bryansk front is hinged at the naziheld railway city of Bryansk 210 miles southwest of Moscow on the plains be tween Kharkov and Smolensk Two populated places and much war declared seized by the Russians The soviet information bureau said Fielfl Marshal Gen Fedor von shock troops were suf fering heavy losses in the Khar kov sector and that 130 tanks were destroyed or damaged Mon day Russian detachments in a single aren were said to have destroyed 22 tanks IB cl guns and 10 trucks and killed 900 of the in vaders In the Sevastopol sector a communique reported red army units jointly with ma rines of thc red navy arc re pulsing furious attacks of Ger man and Rumanian troops A detachment of marines Monday broke into the enemy trenches and killed 250 Hitlerites Axis broadcasts were quoted by the British radio as saying German and Italian troops had launched a new drive by both J and sea upon Leningrad be for 10 months The BBC said succeeded in landing some troops behind the soviet lines in ReachMalta Tobruk Uncle Sam Marches Beside Young Musicians Uncle marched protectively beside the Koithwood high school musicians shown in the foreground above and figuratively guarded every other group of thc young players Tuesday in the North Jowa band festival The iiavy mothers float depicting a ship is diieaiV behind llie Aoitrrwood gioup iollmvcd by the Osagc band and other units in thc parade Lock photo Knvcniv cngriiv Yank Airmen Batter Enemy Invasion Fleet Off Aleutians Report Nipponese Aircraft Carrier Hit in North Pacific WASHINGTON Japa nesenavy appeared Tuesday to be reeling under the third smashing attack it has suffered at the hands of the American air forces in as many operational areas of the Pa cific Following up the Coral sea and Midway island victories in the southwestern and middle Pacific arenas respectively the navy department reported late Monday that American flyers were pounding a Japanese in vasion force in thc north off Ihc Aleutian islands While reports on the progress of the battle were inconclusive Japa nese losses listed thus far included the sinking of one cruiser and the damaging of one aircraft carrier at least three cruisers one de stroyer one gunboat and one transport Damage to some of the vessels was described as severe There were no reports rf American losses In a communique breaking Its threeday silence on what appears to have been a desper ate attempt by the Japanese to gain a toehold on the barren rocky island chain stretching away from Alaska the navy said attack operations were con tinuing by both army and navy flyers for these continuing ail attacks upon the enemy landing parties and their supporting naval contingents the communique said the general situation in the Aleutian appears un changed This was taken by some ob servers to mean that the enemy had failed to improve his position over the weekend by landing at any point other than Attu a craggy little islet that marks the westernmost tip of thc Aleutian chain 769 nautical miles from Dutch harbor Attn which is surrounded by treacherous reefs and is almost constantly fogbound was con sidered of little military value although it might be used as a listening and reconnaissance base In addition to AUu the enemy have little harbor at Kiska Tuesday author ities said they had been driven out While the latest engagement ap parently has not yet been re solved strategists were inclined to believe the imperial command had suffered paralyzing defeats in three major campaigns 1 To sever thc American sup ply line through thc Coral sea preliminary to an attempt to in vade Australia 2 To capture Midway island and use it as a springboard for a grand assault on Pearl Harbor 3 To establish bases in the north for an invasion of thc American continent Aside from their offensive na ture all three ventures would have carried considerable im portance as defensive measures as well Leaving out the Aleutian score pending more complete reports a compilation of the losses in the first two engagements Coral and Midway add up to 18 ships sunk including three air craft carriers and four cruisers three probably sunk including one carrier and a cruiser and at least 27 damaged Although it was not mentioned specifically in the naval commun ique Licnt Gen Henry H Ar nold army air chief said a flight of B26 bombers had sunk n cruiser in the Aleutians and dropped a torpedo on the deck of a carrier He made Ihis disclosure in a telegram of congratulations to Glenn L Martin of Baltimore builder of trie B26s Army bom bers were used as torpedo planes for the first time in the Midway battle RAF Plane Drops 2 French Tricolor Flags Over Paris LONDON RAF an nounced Tuesday that a British plane dropped two French tri color flags on Paris Monday night and attacked the former ministry of marine with cannon fire One flag was dropped over Frances memorial the Arc de Triomphe and the second in the Place dc la Concord W Approve Plan to Double U S Fleets Size WASHINGTON UP An 550000000 ship construction unprecedented pro gram designed ultimately to double thc size of the limited States fleet approved Tues day by the house naval commit tee Thc measure demonstrating the navys increasing emphasis on plane carrier and pointedly omittinK any provision for new battleships will provide for more than 1400 ships of all types including more than 400 combatant craft in the carricr critiscrdeslroycr category Chairman Vinson D Gx said construction of the carriers would be started this year and thc first of the big boat program next year He said the keels for thc carriers would be laid immedi ately The bill authorizes construction of 500000 tons of carriers 500 000 tons of light and heavy cruis ers and 900000 tons of destroyers and destroyer escort vessels Mason City Man Missing in Action Mrs Beatrice Williams 33 Twentieth street southeast was informed by thc navy department Tuescisy morning that her hus band Lester Leo Buster Wil linms machinists mate second Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Scattered showers and thunderstorms Tuesday aft ernoon Becoming gradually w armor Tuesday afternoon Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon IOWA Scattered showers and thunderstorms northwest nnci extreme west portions Tuesday aftcrnoon and west portions Tuesday night and Wcdncsday inorniiig becoming gradually warmer Tuesday afternoon through Wednesday forenoon MINNESOTA Scattered showers and thunderstorms west portion Tuesday afternoon west nnd central portions Tuesday night and except in thc Red River valley Wednesday forenoon Warmer cast and central Tues day afternoon and south and east portions Tuesday night Fresh winds Tuesday afternoon moderately strong at times northwest and extreme west portions IN MASON CITY Maximum Alonday 61 Minimum in Night 42 At 8 a m Tuesday 61 YEAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum 43 is reported missing in ac clnsst tion Williams serving his third en listment period in thc navywas stationed on the Neosho ton tanker lost in the Coral Sea battle He first enlisted in 1935 and reenlisted in IS37 nnd 1S42 Williams was graduated from ClearLake higii school in 1930 His num Mrs Aria Benn lives at Tin North Second street in Clear Lake LESTER rEK WILLIAMS in Action DEIMO OFFICIAL QUITS DES MOINES Mc Eniry has announced his rcsiaS float was c nation as Polk county democratic showing a n central committee chairman A major in the reserve officers corps RTcEniry uill report for active duty June 25 47BANDSDRUM CORPS IN LINE OF MARCH HERE Grand Finale to Be Held Tuesday Night in Roosevelt Stadium Pictures on Pages G and 8 Fortyseven crack hands and drum corps flashing blaring in review Tuesday morning in the seventh annual North Iowa band festival cheered by throngs estimated by Chief of Police Harold E Wolfe at 19000 persons The sensational parade featuring more than 2000 musicians included heauti fuf queens one of whom at nightfall will bear the title of Miss North and many palriotic floats rep resentative of he Ameri can war effort Business streets echoed with melodies so numerous they some times fotight for dominance as the colorful parade was staged in cool clear weather Glinting instruments uniforms of nearly every shade of the laiubcHv from military types to If It Grand Finale to Be in Fieldhouse The band festival committee announced thai in case of rain the grand finale would be held MI Roosevelt ficldhouse instead of the stadium Tuesday night ultrabrilliant blends and a bevy of and corps oC strutting drum majorets in short1 provided a spectacular sight as picusing to the eye ns the music was to thc ear Kcforc and ificr ihe parade the business section was a huh liuh nf activity the musicians mingling with the crowd in n festival throng Concerts con tinued in thc aftcmoiin in the busy schedule with thc craml finilc at 7 oclock hi Roosevelt stadium f The pnrade started to move at 11 oclock headed by police escort and color guard or Ameri can Legion and V F W mem bers A cheer went up from the audience as the Deconih junior drum and bugle corps in Scotch kiltie uniforms pranced down the street followed by n car with officials then Mason Citys lova state guard unit Two queens of former band festivals once more received thc plaudits of their thousands of ad mirers Alberta Joslyn of Cleiir Lale 1041 rocic in the queens float and Charlotte Ann Foss of BcJmoiKl ISIO hi a nr honor in tho car which drew the ciucons float After hc Uliitfcmnrc and Wcllsburg bands came the Ven tura drum anil buttle corps pre ceded by its queen a liny blond girl in a blue dress The Elks float representing the army air corps had a plane mounted on a truck More ap plause was given as thc Ventura Swnledalc and St Ansgar dele gations strutted by followed by thc Kiwanis float depicting tho navy air corps also including a real plane but with the wings dis mantled As the crowd warmed to tho spirit ot the festival more cheers and whistles greeted thc bands and their queens from Sheffield Jiudd Rockwell and Plymouth The Lions club float graphically represented the marines four of whom stood in uniform on top of a Iicld of blue and while This uas followed by the Plainfield delegation The crack Osaec and North uood delegations thc latter in cluilinjr the figure of Uncle Sam marched by naxl The Vavv mothers float represented a large ship in which two navy men and four navy mothers were A nice hand was Riven the Nora group followed by the o the tiniest if not the tiniest drum mnjorel ofthe parade The Roosevelt junior high band preceded the American Legion float which made an impressive sight with massed American Hags on a field of white The Red Cross exceptionally realistic patient in bed and two on stretchers with the Red Cross workers standing by to give aid first appearance here of a fire hose rarl and hand pump nf U S Ship Torpedoed in Gulf of Mexico WASHINGTON navy announced Tuesday that a mod springs group followed by thc States merchant Mcservcy band winch had one ot had been torpedoed in thc l Gulf of Mexico and thai survivors had been landed at a gulf coast port ;