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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 15, 1945, Mason City, Iowa OF HjftOftY AND NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL LI INSIDE WASHINGTON WrongSide Driver Was General Clark By HELEN ESSARV Central Columnist elegantly gen teel De Sales street northern boun dary of the Mayflower hotel was wrapped in its usual calm one way traffic congestion the other afternoon Suddenly there came a car tearing rapidly down its single block in the wrong direction Without a thought that It was odd that every other car on the street except his own was point ing the driver charged ahead Dodgingoncoming can foldbraided doormen and smartlyclad ladies on their way to luncheon the ear proceeded on its contrary but determined course A sharp whizz on one wheel Then around the corner to Con necticut avenue Then a sudden stop The driver whanged out of the front seat Gave a gallant arm to a waiting anxiousfaced lady Jumped back into the front seat beside her damped a stout army boot on the cars accelerator And away they whizzed off into the somewhere The driver General Mark Clark just returned from foreign tri umphs for a looksee at Washing ton Oh dear sighed the generals daughter who had arrived at the hotel for a glimpse of her parents Father does this way all the time since he came home You see he hasnt driven a car himself for 3 years And I suppose the Wash ington streets arent exactly the same as battlefields I do hope they get home safely IT IS LIKELY there will be a lot of driving on the wrong side of the street when the boys gen erals and privates admirals and sailors get back home Chances are that no matter how pleased the wanderers are to see the old home place and the home folk theyll soon find themselves missing the excitement of adventure Theyll get bored Then what will we do with them all Please lets not whip up an other war just to use up the mo mentum they have trained Some times it seems to me we are do inr tot Were deter mined to ret a What IS Russia upto I honest Jy dont earewlut Russia Is np to And Id rather put up with un occupiedgenerals and admirals and GI Joes and sailors back home driving on the wrong side of the street than consider even the possibility of another struggle on the theme song of Who Is Go ing to Dominate Europe Actually who dominates Europe still isnt our affair Id like to see us put more enthusiasm and brains into running our own country THE CAUSE OF POSTWAR MILITARY TRAINING is occupy ing the minds oi many thoughtful people In Washington some smart women have organized themselves into the womens board of the National Committee for Military Training Active board members Mrs Robert Low Bacon Mrs Robert Woods Bliss and Mrs D wight Davis who have steered many a good cause into safe har bor staged a luncheon at the May flower Returned servicemen spoke on postwar military training Writing with none of my usual snap judgment I think there Is a powerful lot to be said on both sides of the muchdebated plan I talked military training over in formally yesterday with Vice Adm Joseph K Tanssigr chairman of the important Clemency board of the United States navy The admiral regarded as one of the top minds In the seagoing service believes in universal military 14 is given as part of the high school courses Put it Into the school cur licolom advises the admiral In that way it will be more effective than if it is made a separate en terprise The many cases of delinquency of one sort or another which have come before the clemency board have convinced they admiral that moral physical and mental hy giene should be taught school children more effectively than they are now It isnt the fault of the youngster if he hasnt the proper standards It is principally the fault of his teachers at home and at school says the admiral AcocUttd and United Pro HOME EDITION HIPOCKETS ARE YOU GONNA PAY YOUK PAPEKBOY TOMMROU csnts a COPy MASOK CITY IOWA FRIDAY JUNE IS S Coinlsts oi Wo jn JPIRFORTOAMMILOSAKA Von Ribbentrop Captured A INTENSIVE HUNT FOR NAZI WAR CRIMINAL ENDS Nazi Foreign Minister Arrested fay British in Hamburg Room By DANIEL DE LUCE Field Marshal Montgomerys Headquarters Germany Nazi Foreign Minister Joachim Von Ribbentrop was captured Thursday as he slept nude in a Hamburg boarding house bring ing to a close the most intensive manhunt in Europe since VE day Von Ribbentrop understood to be wanted by the governments of at least 10 nations to stand trial for war crimes was the last top ranking nazi known to be alive who had eludedcapture A metal can of poison was found strapped lo his body but he surrendered this voluntarily The dandified former cham pagne salesman who became the engineer of Hitlers arrogant for eign policy had been hiding in Hamburg since April 30 The man who had imposedhis diplo matic will on Europe had not a friend in all of Germanys 2nd largest city who would assist him actively in obtaining a place of refuge Von Ribbentrop volunteered the information that he had intended to hide until British feeling about him died down and then attempt to save his life in a trial He went to a wine merchant friendhe said a man who had knownhim 25 years The merchant shunned him Von Ribbentrop using the name of Riese got lodging with an unsuspecting landlady The same wine merchant was brought to British intelligence headquarters late Thursday and there pointed out his erstwhile friend Bat identification made even more certain By keeping the arrest secret over night British sleuths who had trailed von Ribbentrop across much of western Germany man aged to arrest his sister Friday in a tearful and hysterical scene she identified the foreign minis ter Ribbentrop first had been traced to an area of northern Ger many near the Danish frontier where he was known to have passed in disguise The story as released Friday did not bare what had happened to him be tween the time he left Berlin and the time he arrived in Hamburg nor was anything disclosed of what he might know about Hit lers death or survival A special plane was promised Friday to fly correspondents to the secret interrogation camp where Ribbentrop is being held but cor respondents will not be permitted to talk to him Ribbentrop was expected to be taken lo Luene berg airfield Friday on the firsl leg of his journey to an English Prison I wanted to stay in hiding in Hamburg until British opinion was less hostile and then intended to surrender for a fair trial which would spare my life he was quoted Found on Hibbentrop were 3 let ters addressed respectively to Field Marshal Montgomery British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and to Prime Minister Wincent Sic Churchill Ribbentrop was aroused from his sleep and admitted his identity Voluntarily he produced the con tainer of suicide poison which had been strapped to his body He was described by his captors as extremely passive and not a bit truculent British sleuths entered Ribben trops modest room at a m Thursday Forearmed with knowl edge of Heinrich Himmlers sui cide their first aim was to prevent any similar attempt by the foreign minister But he apparently was in no mood for that great adventure Ribbentrops arrest was dis closed Thursday night to war cor respondents release of the story was held up over night so that officers could be certain of taking his sister into custody Officers did not specify the na ture of the poison Von Kibbentrop carried in the metal container However it was believed to be the same which was used by Himmler Himmler died in 20 minutes after taking the poison but would have died in 60 seconds had not British guards tried to save him Himmlers poison was in a cap sule carried in his mouth A Brit ish officer said Von Ribbentrops was strapped near his groin the enemy and continuing their advance AF wirephoto Kayenay engraving Australians Drive Toward Rich Borneo Oil Fields Natives Aid in Attacks were reported paving the way for future operation United Press Correspondent Richard Harris reported from Bor neo that minesweepers had cleared 117 mines the last few days alon the jutting piece of coastland where Miri and the town of Lu tong lie PT boats patrolling the waters there exchanged fire with coastal batteries just north of Lutong An American destroyer poured shells into caves and gun positions alon the coast And 13th air force planes strafed the Miri airstrip probably destroying 6 planes parked there Tokyo seemed nervous about coming operations on Borneo A Japanese broadcast reported a spe cial suicide corps was being formed among natives in south Borneo Another Tokyo broadcast reported that 46 Liberator bombers and a few fighters Thursday raid ed the oil center of Balik Papan on Borneos east coast The Australian 9th division aft er taking Brunei capital of the Sultanate struck out along the road to the oil fields Their next objective was the oil refinery town of Tutong 18 miles from Brunei and about halfway to Lutong where the naval activity was re ported The Seria and Miri air fields which formerly produced 700000 tons annually are linked with Lutong by pipeline Harris reported a dozen col umns of smoke rose inland indi catingthe Japanese were burning the oil installations Wild men from Borneo fierce little natives armed with poison blowguns and spears were fight ing the Japanese in the jungles as the Australians advanced The Japanese were retreating along the BruneiTutong road the only highway in the vicinity tak ing with them a number of British and other European prisoners Na tives said the road was heavily mined The Australians captured the airstrip 2 miles north of Brunei in their drive on the capitao a town of wide streets and English houses that had a prewar popula tion of 15000 They found 8 na tives left dead and bound to stakes At Brunei the Australians turned northwest and seized and crossed the Clifford bridge span ning an inlet from Brunei bay Then the advance toward Tutong and the airfields started Sixtyfive Japanese were killed in 2 days in the Brunei area but resistance still was described as Nil The Japanese had yet to make a stand on the mainland 1 OF 3 ESCAPED CONVICTS TAKEN Sheriff Percy Haven Leads Cresco Search of 3 convicts who escaped from the Anamost prison farm Monday morning was ar rested by Sheriff Percy Haven and V W Zender city marshal in Cresco early Friday after an all night search with the aid ot blood hounds Bruce Kippe 23 who was sent up from Dubuque on a charge of rape for which he was to serve 25 years was taken by the officers while he was at the back door of a relative in the city He offered no resistance Officers had suspected that he might attempt to contact the rela tive and had been watching for a possible visit When the trail of the 3 men led to this vicinity the officers sent for the bloodhounds of George Brooks at LaCrosse The dogs led the officers to a place under a bridge where the 3 men are be lieved to have been in hiding all day Thursday From that spot the dogs led the officers to Cresco a distance of about 4 miles to a point where a 1936 Chevrolet car had been re ported stolen earlier in the morn ing It is believed the 2 companions of Kippe made their escape in the stolen car while he called at the home of his relative where he was surprised by the officers Japs Got Back By POPE Washington navy dis closed Friday that the famous old aircraft carrier Saratoga had sus tained tremendous damage in the early stages of the battle for Iwo Jima But it was stated triumphantly she has now been fully repaired and is back in there pitching again Seven direct bomb hits includ ing some by suicideplanes struck the carrier causing 315 casual ties The casualties included 123 killed missing or dead of wounds and 192 wounded The fleets oldest surviving car rier affectionately known to all hands as the Sara previously had twice suffered serious damage from torpedo attacks but the Iwo Jima action marked the first time she ever had received crippling damage from the air The attack came on Feb 21 2 days after Iwo Jima Dday as she was cruising with a fast car rier task group northeast of the sland Four days earlier her planes had joined in plastering Tokyo in the biggest carrier task force attack up to that time The navy described the action Sara as one of the most concentrated attacks in which a carrier has survived which might have sunk any other ship A rec ordbreaking repair job at the has already returned the huge f top to the fighting line The Saratoga said the yards hull superintendent was the most extensively damaged vessel the Puget Sound navy yard has received She received more var ied types of damage all at once than any ship weve seen since Pearl Harbor The carrier was launching her planes in the Iwo Jima action when an estimated 9 or 10 Japa nese bombers all believed to be on suicide missions closed in Four were shot down by the ships anti aircraft guns and pilots in the air but 4 others managed to crash and bomb the ship A 5th after it was knocked down alongside the ves sel caromed off the water and ex ploded tearing a large hole in the carriers side A bomb from an other plane blew a hole in the ships side below the waterline rupturing many fuel oil lines Wa ter rushed in and the ship took a 6 degree list Fires broke out and burning planes and fuel scattered over great areas of the ship the navy report said The forward part of the flight deck was battered be yond use One enemy suicider penetrated the side of the ship into the hangar deck where he ex ploded to cause a ureat fire The crane forward of the bridge the I catapults and many guns were bat tered by the crashing planes and exploding bombs Wreckage fall ing into the gun gallerys on the side of the ship caused further fires there In spite of her damage how ever the carrier was able to pro ceed Many heroic acts prevented even greater casualties and damage In one instance an officer and 2 en listed men were lowered over the ships side to fight flames and with the vessel under way at 25 knots they managed to bring the fire under control However the Saras troubles were not over About an hour and a half after the first attack with darkness setting in more enemy planes appeared and one dropped another bomb on the stricken car rier before crashing Damage from the 2nd attack although severe was soon brought under control and the Sara was able to receive her airborne pilots who were cir cling the ship with their gas sup plies running low Photographs of her damage were flown to the Puget Sound navy yard from the advance base where temporary repairs were made and by the time she reached the yard all plans and equipment for her repair were ready She was com pletely refitted and ready for sea in the record breaking time of less than 2 months Luck Will Determine When Okinawa Japs Give Up Marine General Declares BULLETIN Guam officers killed hundreds of their men who iried to surrender in the southern Okinawa death trap Friday whil American forces herded the enemy toward the sea trs fire bombs and artillery lemy toward the sea with flame throw how lucky we are If we could hit their com mand the whole defense might fall to pieces Del Valle com mander of the 1st marine divi sion told Associated Press Cor respondent Al Dopklng on Oki nawa Not long after the general talked with Dopking 64 marine Corsair fighters diving as low as 50 to 100 feet spewed a ravine believed to house Japanese head quarters with 19220 gallons of jellied gasoline and poured 465 rockets into caves where the en emys top officers were believed quartered A sheet of flame quickly cov ered 2 acres and smoke was so dense that it obscured some of the attacking planes It was the greatest fire raid of the Okinawa campaign now in its 76th day Dopking reported that nearly 700 Japanese mostly laborers had surrendered and scores were killing themselves Still others were reported slain by fellow Nipponese as they tried to give up A majority of the Japanese on Okinawa perhaps 10000 of an original garrison of 85000 were believed to be naval construction or antiaircraft personnel labor ers with a nucleus of infantry men On the western flank Del Valles leathernecks were sub jected to heavy fire from the area southeast of Ozato town The 1st regiment of this division widened its hold on strategic Kunishi ridge m a predawn attack then was forced to repel counterattacks as the Japanese charged their posi tions after daylight Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Friday night and Saturday Scattered showers humid Continued mild and Iowa Mostly cloudy with occa sional showers and thunder storms Friday and Friday night Partly cloudy Saturday Cooler Friday night Minnesota Mostly cloudy Friday night and Saturday Occasional showers south and east portion Not much change in tempera ture IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 68 Minimum Thursday 59 At 8 a m Friday 59 Precipitation 01 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 89 66 BULLETIN London clement R Attlee disclosed Friday that the Big Three meeting will take place in Berlin Attlee former deputy prime minister and present leader of the labor opposition made the dis closure in a letter to Churchill ac ceplmg the prime ministers invi tation to attend the prospective conference in Berlin SMALL NATIONS DISSATISFIED May Force Revision of Charter in 510 Years San Francisco small nations resentful of big power leadership may rally enough united nations conference votes Friday to force revision of the projected world security charter in 5 to 10 years A late afternoon showdown on this issue which stems from the nowended fight over the veto appears certain with preliminary signs indicating a close battle Behind the scenes the small na tions are saying they are not sure the veto voting formula will work It would give the big 5 full con trol of security council action and any one of them could block an action it did not like If 5 years or more of experi ence show it unworkable they contend they want to change it if they can possibly arrange it they do not want any one of the big nations to be able to veto the change If they cant have these things they say they want the right to pull right which could be used as a club against the big powers The big 5 admit that possibly the charter may have to be amended some day But they argue that no time limit should be fixed A limit they contend might compel calling a conference on charter revision just when the league is meeting its severest test The conference leadership is shooting for a settlement of these and related issues this week TAKER Salt Lake City fp George White went to a fortune tellers booth at a suburban carnival After he left he told police what little fortune he had with his missing Statute Miles 0 TOO 200 300 400 CHINESE DRIVE JAPS BACKWhiie allied flyers have wrested air supremacy from the Japs victorious Chinese columns in Chekiang 1 continued their ground gains bv Sgiin P base at Wencfcow Clearing of vir tually all of the Fukien province coast and the drive into Chekiang is significant since the captured regions parallel the Jap island of Formosa In southern China Jap troops were counterattacking 2 to keep their thinning corridor open Driving out of their IndoChina base at Caobang 3 the Japs recaptured Chung ChingFu Allied air assaults 4 were centered on the bridges along the PeipingHan kow railway At Hsuchow in the Honan province the Chi nese 4th air group attacked the Jap air base RAIDS ARE 1ST IN NEW DRIVE AGAINST JAPAN U S Air Forces Plan to Drop 2 Million Tons of Bombs in Year Guam fleet ot 520 Sup erfortresses smashed at Japans great war production center of Osaka Friday officially opening an offensive to wipe out Japanese industry with 2000000 tons of bombs in the next 12 months The big bombers dropped 3000 Jons of fire bombs on steel plants and other key war factories in northern and eastern Osaka and adjacent Amagasaki Radio Tokyo admitted a number of fires broke out durine the hourIons attack The raid inaugurated the 2nd year of B29 attacks on Japan Gen H H Arnold commander of army air forces revealed at a press conference here what is in store for the enemy homeland dur ng those coming months Superfortresses Flying For tresses Liberators and the remain ing bombers in the American air arsenal will drop twice the ton nage of bombs on Japan in the next year as they did on Germany during the entire European war he said Superfortresses of the 21st bomber command alone will de liver 1300000 tons he said Lt Gen James H Doolittles 8lh air forces the terror of the European skies and Gen George C Kcn neys far eastern air forces will contribute another 700000 tons Complete and utter destruction of industrial Japan will be the aim Arnold said The program calls for an average of more than 5000 tons of explosives a day to be heapedon the enemy home land We believe we can do the same thing with industrial Japan that we did with industrial Ger he said We hope it will ease the load of the army and navy but they arent going to wait until we finish We are just starting Before long we will be using more than twice as many B29s as we ever have before and more than double the rate of bombs His statement envisioned 1 000 plane 10000ton Superfortresses raids Arnold revealed he had come to the Pacific o determine how many of the 12000 planes the Unit ed States used against Germany could be accommodated at Pacific bases He said every possible foot of every possible land mass would be utilized He made no comment on a Tokyo broadcast reporting that scores of Flying Fortresses and Liberators from the 8th air force already had arrived at bases in the Philippines He revealed that the same sys tematic bombing plan followed in the destruction of Germany al ready had been set in motion against Japan Targets he said were selected by economists and construction engineers who had lived or stud ied in carried out with the idea of depriving the Japa nese war machine of the things it needs themost The first task again was to drive the enemys air force from the skies by destroying his aircraft plants and killing his skilled pi lots then disrupting the oil and gasoline supply Arnold said He defended the American pol icy of mass fire raids on large in dustrial cities as opposed to pin point bombing The Japs have thousands ot small backyard cellar and garage factories where it is possible they are constructing their suicide planes he said Complete and utter destruction of this industry is our program If Japan wants it that is what she is going to get Right at this a m Japanese time B29s are dropping 3000 tons of bombs on Osaka The Superfortresses hit Osaka Japans greatest Industrial center and 2nd largest city and Its west ern suburb of Amagasaki from medium altitude twobased Mustang fighters escorted the bombers At Osaka the Superfortresses struck the eastern portion of the city south of Osaka castle and the northern section between the Yocfo and Kanzaki rivers Within the target area lay such choice targets as the Kwoyo pre cision Works company the Amat suji Steel Ball Manufacturing company the Osaka Wakayama Iron works and numerous ma chine tool chemical and electrical equipment works Iron and steel plants machine tool factories and a big railway freight station were hit at Amaga saki a city of 200000 persons fifteen square miles ot Osaka ;