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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, June 15, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 15, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWVAPft THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHiORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JUNE 15 HOME EDITION TTTTni Zia BLOCKBUSTERS HIT MESSINA DOCKS FIRES STARe IN IMPORTANT STEEL CENTER Cwutal Observers See Daylight Attackers Head Toward Continent LONDON WVThe RAFs Iron line heavy bombers made anothe mass attack on Ruhr objectives Monday night concentrating par ticularly on the important stee and coal city of Oberhausen three miles west of Essen and anothe big formation of planes possiblj American roared across the cbau ncl Tuesday Coost observers said the dayligh attackers were headed southeasi As the big bombers rumbled to ward the continent two forma ions of allied alreadj were returning from a breakfast time sweep of the Pas de Calasi area where Ihey shot down three FockeWulf 190s out of two for mations of 15 presumably settini out to harass the British coast It was announced officially that IS bombers were mlssinr from the Ruhr forays the fourth consecutive night assault by the HAF on Germany The nights activities included mine laying in enemy waters The Oberhausen raid was tht third reported by the RAF on that city although the Germans claimed it had been hit a fourth time on April 26 at the same time DuisbuJt was heavily assaulted bombingJt las ack Made on City of Oberhausen he city stands 6nthe Rhine Herne canal and at the junction o railways to Duisburg Dortmund and it an import ant communications center Berlin confirmed in a broadcasl heard by the Associated Press thai the Oberhausen raid had caused casualties and heavy damage Allied bomb hits among resi dential quarters resulted In con siderable destruction and caused losses among the civilian popula tion especially in Oberhausen the German communique Twenty enemy bombers have oeen reported shot down so far The communique British air ministry said large lires were seen mounting from the Ruhr tar gets but an overcast sky made it difficult to observe results Also during the night it was announced officially a great fleet of lighter RAF planes bombed cannonaded and machinegunned rail and water transport and air fields just back of the coast from Holland to northern France Locomotives freight cars and barges were hit near the Rhine and near Dixmude in Belgium and Roubaix and Abbeville in France Two enemy aircraft were downed in the course of the night REDS PREPARE HEAVY BLOWS Russians Capture Village Near Sumy By BENKT SHAPIRO MOSCOW imRussian troops have captured a village near Sumy 90 miles northwest of Kharkov and have killed 200 Oermans in one sector alone in beating olf strong counterattacks on newlywon soviet positions northeast of Orel the red army announced Tuesday Finance Commissar A r s e n i Zverev said in a Moscow broad cast according to London that the Russians are preparing crushing blows against the ene my A Berlin broadcast reported that soviet troops had broken into German positions at two places war Belev 65 miles north of Oral but claimed that the breeches later were sealed Twenty Germans were slain in nandtoTiand fighting during the occupation of the village near Sumy where little fighting has oeen reported in recent weeks A machine and several rifles were captured The Germans counterattacked in strength with air and tank northwest of MtsensJc 30 miles northeast of Orel the hinge of the southern and central fronts the midday com munique said but were thrown in confusion with heavy Bosses Three planes were de stroyed fay antiaircraft fire Three more enemy planes were destroyed two of them in aerial combat northwest of Mtscusk Monday The capture ot four vil ages by the red army in this area was announced Monday The ground fighting followed a heavy raid Sunday on Orel itself where a number of military trains were demolished and fires and explosions were observed Three planes were lost German planes attempted raids on Saratov Volga from 200 miles Stalingrad up the on both Saturday and Sunday nights but most of them were forced back by soviet fighters and antiaiicraft guns A few penetrated the de enses and started fires in resi dential areas Six raiders were shot down British Authorities lose Syrian Side of Border With Turkey ANKARA UB British au horities closed the Syrian side of the TurkishSyrian frontier Tuesday presumably to prevent eakage of allied inibrmation into axis channels The frontier was closed at 6 a m Gen A C Arnold British military attache formally notified he Turkish government of the closing five hours later when he called on Riza Artunkal Turkish minister of national defense It was believed that German ntelligence men in Turkey had cen able to extract certain in brmation from Arabs entering Turkey from Syria Palestine and other places It also was noted here that the closing of the frontier might be connected with important troop movements The British ninth and enth armies are stationed in Syria and Palestine SETTLEMENT IS URGED ALGIERS UPJSix new mem MTS of the French committee for national liberation asked Gen rals Charles de Gaulle and Henri lonore Giraud Tuesday to submit heir differences directly to the committee to settle the crisis in rench affairs Ickes Has No Present Plan for New Midwest Gas Limit Declares Further Curtailment Within Realm of Possibility WASHINGTON WPetroleum Administrator Ickes foresaw Tues day depletion of the nations oil resources served notice that stricter rationing is possible but asserted that the government has no secret schemes to invoke ra tioning to satisfy some quaint philosophy of demanding public sacrifices on the altar of war Ickes frowned on nonessen tial use of gasoline anywhere and said that rationing would be adjusted to the needs of war He told a joint committee of mid dlewest senators and representa tives however that there were plans to apply to other sections the severe eurbs applying in the eastern shoriaxe area The problem in the east he ex plained is transportation Further rationing elsewhere help transportation would not At the Present time he said civilian motorists in the east have necessarily been placed on a rig orously lean diet of motor gasoline less than their more fortu nate brethren in other states To the extent that eastern dis tricts can be alleviated by movin gasoline from other sections it is obvious that the burden can and should be shaved With this warning that further curtailment in the middlewest is within the realm of future pos sibilities Ickes declared that the rationing of gasoline and fuel oil outside the east involved many factors among them the shortage of crude in some refining areas the shortage of transportation for crude and products the necessity avialion gasoline and other war products and the necessity of supplying military needs farm needs and essential civilian transport needs before supplying gas for relatively non essential use A ell factors he added a shortage of petroleum products in many areas ot this country Ickesrecalling that rationing In the west originally was in voked to conserve robber de clared the system was unpopu lar and has been abased and evaded ft is my hope he added that we may profit by that experience It is extremely desirable that non essential use of motor fuel be re duced in all paits of the country siid while I deplore the looseness of the present type of rationing to conserve rubber I am frank to statemy opinion that a sudden abolition of the present system would result in no gas signs from time to time in various areas TRIES TO SAVE DOG AUBURN N Y at tempt to save the life of his dog caused the death Tuesday of Al fred William Neil 9 He drowned when t he plunged into a swollen creek to rescue his pet The doK paddled to shore Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Occasional and thundershowers Tuesday afternoon Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon Not much chaange in temperature IOWA Showers cast and ex treme south portion Tuesday night Cooler Tuesday after noon and night except contin ued warm and humid southeast portion Tuesday night and Wednesday morning Moderate daytime winds becoming light at night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 85 Minimum Monday night 63 At 8 a m Tuesday Ran 03 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 70 Minimum 41 to Nazis Reveal West Cities Evacuated BERN Switzerland man newspapers received here said a mass evacuation of cities in western Germany was under way as the result of 180 heavy raids by allied planes and 600 air alarms The naz press is engaged in a mpaign to impel rural residents open their homes to refugees Comfort must bow to the demands of necessity Hitlers own newspaper Voelkischer Beobachter said in urging everyone to crowd refugees into available rooms The newspaper said it was better to take in the evacuees than to have a Jew live in fine homes when many do not know where they tan live Muchbombed Dnesseldorf tar get of a recent 2000ton RAF raid is one of the chief cities be ing evacuated the German papers said Communiques from Berlin have reported very heavy losses there and considerable damage to houses and public buildings Not only the bombedout fam lies but those yet untouched by the explosives are being moved out Das Reich said Men arc left behind to work Das Reich said the people should get out of the target cities not as an obliga 3 law common The same publication and other newspapers disclosed that there were resentment and dis content among both the refu gees and their hosts vwJnemer hard through Das said hisfamily mav be lost along with everything else had to even in districts outside the dan ger of anattacks the people live underwar conditions and that the demands of hotel guests cannot be made on the hosts The pub lication said evacuees must be with farm houses and lodgings and must not try to up SeUhe life of the people ti rMCUS also must realize that the lack of movies bath or toilet or the smell ot a manure Pile and the dirt of a village are for com plaint Das Reich added The appeal in Hitlers ncwsua pcr said What today happening o our fellow citizens in western and northwestern Germany can happen to you and to me Bombs make no distinction when they fall Be ready and help those who have been hit will be hit done w1th onlr pathetic words Only deeds will help The evacuation scheme as an nounced by Das Reich was this Persons in northern Westphalia tne Ruhr region will go to Ba varia Those from Berlin will go to Brandenburg East Prussia and Pomerama Those with relatives m other districts may have per mission to join them The more difficult the housina and supply problems become the more necessary it is for those who can to leave the cities Das Reich said The evacuation not only saves lives but assures those who remain behind a more adequate air raid protection better trans port facilities better food and upplies Reichsmarshal Hermann Goer ings Essenger National Zeitung said that five uninterrupted months would be required as of May 15 to construct emergency housing in Essen rubbled home of the great Krupp munitions works The report added that material labor and government financini would be necessary to make cvc the most urgent repairs 584 Killed or Missing in Air Raids Last Month English Report LONDON Civilian casual lies in air raids on the united Kingdom reached the highest level of the year last month the minis i try of home security announced Tuesday with 584 persons killed or missing and 733 injured severely enough to be hospitalized In com parison armys casualty toll was 172 killed and 205 injured Janu ary was the previous high month for with 32S killed and 507 njured TOTAL OF SUBS IN PACIFIC WAR Steady Growth Pointed Out by Knox Sinking Of 12 Japs Ships Revealed WASHINGTON navy promised more bad news for the Japanese Tuesday to pile on top of the report of 12 more oE their ships being sunk by submarines Secretary Knox reported that the eight American submarines so tar i reported lost have been replaced many times over The secretarys disclosure at a press conference followed navy announcements Monday that United States undersea rovers have sunk 12 more Japa nese ships and damaged five for a total to date of 25S enemy ves sels destroyed or damaged The submarines are carrying the brunt ot the war in the Pa cific along with planes and Knox was asked when the present lull in large scale combat would break up I cant tell you be said ex cept that it takes an awfully long while to get ready lor any kind of sizable movement He did not amplify what he meant by sizable movement The secretary said that the in crease in the American subma rine is known to be operating primarily in the Pa attained as a steady growth rather ithah as any sud den building upof the force We have added a small num ber every month giving us a steady addition Knox de clared Another factor explaining the increase in ships destroyed as in dicated by Mondays announce ments was due not only to the in crease in the number of American vessels on duty Knox said but also to the fact that our men are learning the trade right along Before war America had 111 submarines built and 73 be ing built according to the last naval figures made public Asked about the enemys sub marine campaign against Amer ican and allied shipping in the Atlantic Knox told reporters that it k in one of those lows characteristic at limes of nazi sub strategy and that how long that will last nobody knows But he said the campaign against nazi Uboats has been go ing along for some time in a very satisfactory way both in number of ships not sunk and in the ex cess of building over losses The secretary declared that 20 destroyer escort vessels t h c navys number one antisub marine type of craft arc ex pected to be completed this month and turned over to Hie fleet for shakedown cruises Knox emphasized that in his opinion lie campaign against enemy submarines wont be won until the war is over Its in the nature of things ht explained that the sinkings will continue right up to Ihe last but we ought to and ex pect to reduce those to a point where losses will be negligible He said that many factors were responsible for the present im proved situation in the Atlantic among them an increase in the number of ships and planes avail able to fight Uboats improve ment in antisub tactics and the j bombings of Uboat bases on the ig northern European coast includ ing also interruptions to sub marines voyaging to and fiom Ihcir bases PHILS SWEEP BRAVES 6421 SPOUTS BULLETIN PHILADELPHIA iP The Phillies swept both ends of the major leagues first swing shift doubleheader Tuesday whipping the Boston Braves 6 to 4 and 2 to i Outfielder Ron Nbrthey blasted homerum on his first trip to bat in each game A crowd ot 6 679 watched Stilwell in Chungking to Push Drive from ii h Jaj allie rolli By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS LieutGen Joseph W StiJwcll iturnmg to the China war front om strategy conferences in Wash ington declared Tuesday that we lave a hard job ahead to crush pan but emphasized tliat the ics were determined to stari ing as soon as possible Stillwell told newsmen in Chungking Chinas wartime capital that China was thor oughly considered and her needs gone into at length during the RooseveltChurchill conferences with top allied military chief tains in Washington We have a savage enemy ami tilting tizlu there s plenty of him Slilwcll said Therell be a lot or hard fight ing but we are thoroughly deter mined to got after him ALLIED AERIAL BLOWS GIVEN TO JAP BASES In the southwest Pacific Gen Douglas MacArthuis headquarters announced a now series of allied aerial blows against Japanese bases above Australia Monday in the wake of Sundays heavy attack by U S flying fortresses and libera tors in which nearly GOOOO pounds of explosives were dropped on the enemy keystone at Rabaul New Britain Two planes were lost In addition a 4000ton enemy transport was blasted with 500 pound bombs and left aflame in Humboldt bay Dutch New Guinea and 11 Japanese barges were sunk or damaged off the New Guinea coast In Mondays raids allied flyers hammered the Japanese strong holds at Kaimana Babo and Tuam island if Steadily whittling at Japans vi tal and American submarines were offfi cially credited with sinking 12 more Japanese ships includin a destroyer and probably sinking or damaging four others in Pacific wafers recently In disclosing these triumphs the navy told how an American sub marine fought it out with a Japa nese underseas raider on the sur face and probably destroyed it in a battle of decks guns Since Pearl Harbor the navys list of Japanese ships sunk or damaged by submarine attack alone now totals 236 some of them destroyed within sight of the Japa nese mainland On the Burma front American and British planes continued their unrelenting attack on Japanese occupation forces bombing the bic enemy base at Akynb on the Bay nf Bengal coast machinegunning Japanese troops ami blasting rail ways CHINESE CAPTURE TOWN SOUTHWEST OF SHASI In the China campaign the Chi nese command announced that Generalissimo Chiang Kaisheks armies had won a fresh success in throwing the Japanese invaders back along the upper Yangtze river front Chinese troops were reported to have captured a town southwest of bhasi 60 miles below the main Japanese base at Ichang on Ihe Yangtze and wiped out hair the enemy garrison Other Chinese columns were said to he attacking the Japanese base at Smyang in southern Honan province 100 miles north of Han kow LT GEN JOSEPH W STIMVELL job ahead HISTORIC SCHOOL CLOSES NEW YORK York wi11 closc its Iast little red to schqolhouse June 30 The 1 ed pupils in the tworoom woode to building erected in 1897 on Staten Island will be transferred to school with better facilities ROME REPORTS FIGHTS RAGE IN SICILY STRAITS Axis Sources Indicate Allied Ships Massing in Invasion By DANIEL DE LUCE ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA Well ington workhorses the RAF drilled the east Sicilian shipping nd ferry terminal of Messina ith two ton blockbusters and showered it with incendiaries Juuclay night allied headquarters nnolmced Tuesday as prelim ry attacks continued on the large islands guarding the Tyrrhenian approaches to Italy For Ihe second successive day however the northwest African air forces delayed allout as sault The communique of Gen Dwight D Eisenhower an nounced that operations Mon day were confined to reconnais sance and patrolling i A Rome radio commentator in a broadcast retorded in London told Italians to stand by for an allied invasion and other Rome and Berlin broadcasts contrived to give a picture of intense air and sea activity in the invasion tri angle between Malta Bizerte and Sicily It was not clear however fhelheithe activities centered about the massing an allied in vasion fleet the ferrying of Italian prisoners ot war from the cap tured island of Pantelleria or al lied preparations to convert Pau lellevia into an allied base London newspapers Quoted the saying that allied warships and transports were massing in the Sicilian strait that axis planes iiacl engaged allied convoys in an almost continuous battle for the last three days and that lie fight has not lost any of its A German broadcast quoted by the London Express de clared the allies had massed a large concentration of means or disembarkation at Bizerte and at least 20 landing barges had been sunk during a raid on the harbor The German communique re corded by the Associated Press from a Berlin broadcast said six medium transports and a landing craft were damaged by German nlanes off Pantelleria incl further damage was inflicted in n heavy bombing of Bone The Italian communique also recorded by the Associated Press declared an Italian submarine iii a double attack from the surface on a strong convoy in the west ern Mediterranean had scored di rect hits on two steamers totalinc 10000 tons sinking one The Germans announced an other bomber attack on an allied steamer off Portugal None of these enemy reports was con firmed by allied sources An authoritative nava source said British warships had visited the Italian island of Lampoinc eight miles west Lampedusa and found it uninhabited The is land therefore has come under Ihe control ot allied armed forces The allies already had made a clean sweep of Italian islands of any value in the area south of Sicily by the capture of Pantel leria Lampedusa and Linosa Two large fires were started in the Messina railway and harbor target area by the Wel lingtons which followed up a heavy Sunday daylight raid by United States liberators flying from the desert on Catania and Gerbini in eastern Sicily Only moderate antiaircraft op position was met by the Welling tons It was announced that a fur ther study of photographs taken of La Spezia naval base in north western Italy after the fortresses attack of June 5 showed a direct hit Mad been scored on the for ward deck of a Littorio class bat tleship The deck plates of the 35000ton warship were buckled Ihe photos showed and the for ward gun turret was believed damaged Monday night Maltas mos quito bombers made wide forays over Sicily and the toe of Italy combing and shooting up railway stations and sidings at Licata TcrminiImerese and Fiume la Torto in Sicily and starting a fire en m a station blowing up a power in staiion and hitting a factory in a Italy an RAF announcement said ;