Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

- Page 1

Issue Date:
Pages Available: 24

About Mason City Globe Gazette

  • Publication Name: Mason City Globe Gazette
  • Location: Mason City, Iowa
  • Pages Available: 311,935
  • Years Available: 1901 - 1994
Learn More About This Publication


  • 2.17+ Billion Articles and Growing Everyday!
  • More Than 400 Years of Papers. From 1607 to Today!
  • Articles Covering 50 U.S.States + 22 Other Countries
  • Powerful, Time Saving Search Features!
Find Your Ancestors Now

View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, June 14, 1945

Get Access to These Newspapers Plus 2.17+ Billion Other Articles

OCR Text

Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 14, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Associated Pros and United Press Pull Leucd Wlra of ACM i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION Five Crau Cowl DEATH IS FOILED ABOARD its tail hook failed to grab the arresting cable this navy Helldiver SB2C slammed into the emergency cable on an Essex class aircraft carrier and was tripped on to its nose Asbestos clad fire fighters came to the rescue and both the pilot and gunner were saved The pilot can be seen arrow in cockpit 1 as the prop gouges splinters from the deck the entire engine cowling is ripped away and flames begin to spurt from the motor The ship explodes into a mass of flames and a piece of the cowling shown in the air is hurled off to the left The pilot and gunner are still in the ship but in photo the ships fire fighters shield the pilot from the flames as they help him from the cockpit the gunner having already been freed Crawling to safety the pilot is helped by the fire fighters while others quickly quench the flames These are official United States navy photos 6 Months More of War Might Have Seen Nazis Bombarding East Coast MASON Cljy IOWA THURSDAY JUNE I95 Thla Paper o Two 01 WA 213 NEW POWERS FOR INDIA Japanese Countercharge Is Destroyed 300 NIPS DIE AFTER ATTACK ON YANK LINES Okinawa Death Stand May Produce More Such Suicide Blows Guam presaging a series of banzai charges to climax their Okinawa death stand 300 screaming Japanese counterat tacked a 7th infantry division pos ition were wiped out The Japanese prepared well for the assault For 90 minutes they laid down a barrage of mortar machinegun and rifle fire and hurled grenades Then the Japanese attacked with grenades and satchel charges Capt Dallas D Thomas of Shaw nee Okla told Associated Press Correspondent Al Dopking that 250 were killed before dawn and the remainder were hunted behind crags and killed by noon American casualties were light despite fierceness of the fighting The action occurred near Hana gusuku eastern anchor of the Yaeju escarpment line when the Japanese Hill 95 attempted to retake On the opposite side of Okin awa the eth marine division com pleted smashing pocketed Japa nese on Oroku peninsula The leathernecks killed 350ft enemy troops in their nineday battle for the peninsula The Japanese now squeezed into one 13 square mile pocket be hind the twicebreached Yaeju escarpment Thursday clujnE only by their Okinawas 485 square miles But they clung tenaciously and stub bornly forcing U S 10th army troops to hammer at each single separate finger The 7th division hammering at one of those fingers on the cast flank gained most of the escarp ment rim above Hanagusuku in a 400yard advance Hanagusuku itself although behind American lines still is no mans land Both JaPari Japanese and American artillery dominate it i London Pole May Become New Premier London Premier Stanislaw Mikolajczyfc of the Lon don exile cabinet probably will be offered the premiership of a new Polish unity governmentat the Moscow conference a dispatch from the soviet capital said Thurs day Representatives of the soviet supported Polish provisional gov ernment in Warsaw headed by President Boleslaw Bierut of the Polish national council arrived in Moscow Wednesday and began a series of preliminary conferences Mikolajczykand Jan Stanczyk also a former member of the Lon don cabinet were expected to leave by plane for Moscow some time Thursday or early Friday Five other Polish leaders from within Poland also were due in the soviet capital momentarily The conference was scheduled to begin Friday with Soviet For eign Commissar V M Molotov American Ambassador W Avereil Harriman and British Ambassa dor Sir Archibald Clark Ken present Henry Shapiro United Press correspondent in Moscow radioed that hopes were high in foreign diplomatic circles there for early solution of the Polish problem Observers looked for broaden ing of the present Warsaw gov ernment into a Polish provisional government of national unity in accordance with the Crimean dec laration 8TH AIRFORCE IN Tokyo Reports Scores ofB17sandB24s Guam Tokyo said Thursday that the 1st flights Flying Fortresses and Liberators from Europe have arrived in the Philippines to join the mounting American air offensive against A Japanese Dome dispatch broadcast by Tokyo and heard in Smashing at the enemy finger i London reported scores of the 4 on the western flank the 1st enSned bombers which devastated vision marines strengthened their Germanv were at Philippine bases position on strategic Kunishi ridge Though it was known that by bringing up reinforcements bombers from Lt Gen James H Subjected to heavy enemy fire as Doolittles 8th air force were on iflpv rrnecod ftftn fhpir e they crossed 800 yards of open ouu yarns 01 open iruin rjritain to me zar rice paddies the reinforcements east this was the first report any were moved up in Sherman tanks had arrived It was not confirmed and protected by a smoke screen out wounded The tanks carried on the return trip Because of the difficulty of tak ing up supplies airplanes par achuted food ammunition water to forward elements and Paris the European war had lasted another 6 months Ger many might have bombarded New York Washington Philadelphia and Boston with giant rocket bombs Ordnance intelligence experts attached to supreme headquarters said German scientists were with in a half year of perfecting the mass production of rocket bombs capable of pinpoint bombing at a range o 3000 miles The allied experts based their statement on the results of a monthlong survey of a huge rock et assembly plant 800 feet under the Kohnstein mountains near Nordhausen in Germany Blueprints for the longrange rockets were found and German scientists said they were prepared to turn out the missiles in suffi cient numbers to neutralize Amer ican air superiority Maj William J Bromley of Grants Pass Ore said the pro posed rockets obviously were in tended to subject American east coast cities to the same robot bomb ordeal London suffered be ginning last summer The Germans might have begun their bombardment of the United States even before the end of the European had it not been for an RAF raid that smashed the en emy experimental plant at Peene muende That raid was a lifesaver lor us Bromley said It set the German scientists back just about 6 months in their experiments They told meit caused great dam age to their installations and killed 800 of their foremost authorities Bromley did not describe the longrange rockets but the V2 type used against Britain traveled through the stratosphere at a speed faster than sound and car ried a ton of explosives in the nose He said the German scientists believed that given another 2 years they could have developed rockets that could be shot 15000 far as from Britain to Japan Bromley said numerous gadgets and improvements had been made by the Germans on the V2s to give them greater range and ac curacy He directed the assembling of 100 of the projectiles for ship ment to the United States TTTLIST Great Falls Mont Montanans aged 51 and 53 who fought in a street a few days ago to determine the toughest man m Cascade county were agreed Thursday on his identity The gudge He fined them apiece In the center of the line two companies of the 96th division were locked for 36 hours in a hand to hand grenade battle The action Dopking reported was fought around a jumble of rocks south of Tomui town at the base of the main escarpment which rises almost 100 feet straight up The companies killed 50 of the enemy SENATE VOTES ON TARIFF Washington senate reached a showdown Thursday on the nations postwar world com merce policy After 2 days of debate Chair man George DGa of the fi nance committee called on the chamber to decide whether the administration shall have author ity to cut tariffs another 50 per cent in negotiating trade agree ments with other countries Over Georges protests the fi nance committee struck this au thority from legislation extending the reciprocal trade agreement program until 1948 The vote was 10 to 9 but George forecast it would be reversed on the senate floor The chairman indicated to re porters that he based his confi dence somewhat on republican defections plus the fact that a number of missing democrats either on tour or ill are due back at their desks Thursday The split in republican thinking on the additional tariffcutting authority came into sharp focus Wednesday Senators Tobey R N H and Smith RN J lined up with the administration and in debate ran into sharp ex changes with Senators Taft R Ohio and Brcwstcr RMe their way from Britain to the far by allied sources Tokyo also reported that 2 Lib erators had appeared over the To kyoYokohama area at a m Thursday for the 1st time sending a nonstop air offensive against Japan into its 9th straight day Tokyo claimed antiaircraft guns shot down both planes The appearance of B24s over central Japan indicated they soon may be adding their bombloads to those of Superfortresses on Tokyo Some Liberators from Okinawa al ready have attacked Kyushu in southern Japan Twenty Superfortresses mined waters off western Honshu during Wednesday night Tokyo also re ported More than 50 Okinawabased Corsairs dropped 12 tons of bombs and rockets on Japanese suicide plane bases at Kanoya and Ku shira on Kyushu Tuesday It was the biggest force of planes from Okinawa yet to hit Japan Buy yoar War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday No de cided change in temperature Iowa Cloudy with scattered showers and thunderstorms Thursday afternoon Partly cloudy Friday Cooler Thursday afternoon and in southeast Thursday night Warmer day Minnesota Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday Cooler south portion Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 82 Minimum Wednesday 57 At 8 a m Thursday 62 YEAR AGO Maximum 80 Minimum gl Precipitation 07 Small Nations Request Right to Leave Peace Organization at Any Time They Desire San Francisco strug gle of small nations to protect themselves against the big power control of a world league finally soiled down Thursday to one de right to withdraw ram the organization whenever they wish Indications are that this de mand will be granted although with some strings attached The Big powers having triumphed on the veto issue are agreeable pro vided they now get 2 other things they want 1 A restriction that the charter being drawn up at the united na tions conference cannot be amend ed except on complete agreement of the United States Britain Rus ia France and China 2 A punishment clause under which nations judged guilty of grave violations of the charter would be expelled from the or ganization These are the main problems for the closing days of the con ference Prolonged discussion of them appears to be one of the chief reasons why the conference leadership has once more delayed the adjournment goal this time from June 20 to June 23 Alger Hiss of the United States conference secretarygeneral re ported that final texts of the char ter in 5 languages Russian Spanish Chinese French and being kept up to date as committees finish their work Copies in these languages must be ready for signing at the final session at which President Tru man will speak It appeared possible that the signing may not be completed noweyerjuntU many weekslater In Washington since none of the delegations will want to sign a foreign language text until its own language expert has satisfied himself about its accuracy Tied in with the time element is increasing speculation among members of the American group over whether it will be possible to send the charter to the senate for ratification this summer or wait until fall Another piece of the charter moved near completion Wednes day night when conference com mission No 3 approved provisions for regional defense systems like the PanAmerican to allow na tions to defend themselves col lectively if the proposed world league fails to do so Commission No i scheduled a meeting Thursday to hear a re port from its committee which drafted statements of the pream ble purposes and principles of the league From these commissions 4 in charter sections will move finally through open plen ary sessions of the conference Cigarets Getting Back to Normal New York brand cigarets were displayed openly on many retail counters in the New York area tor the first time in many months and tobaccanists said Thursday there would prob ably be an easing of the nation wide shortage Retailers reported almost nor mal deliveries from 5 big brands But spokesmen for the manufac turers said there may still become hoarding by dealers because of the widespread black market However they said because of les sened military demands the ciga ret situation will probably be nor mal by next January Lucky Strike was reported making 68 per cent of normal dis tribution based on 1943 figures This was 16 per cent more than last month Eightyfive per cent of the nor mal Chesterfield production is now being distributed by the manufacturer Other figures showed Old per cent of nor mal distribution going to retailers Phillip per cent of normal distribution 10 per cent over May per cent of norma distribution 10 per cent over May VERDICT Helena Mont Police Chief Arthur Parsons wondered how to enter charges against the hilarious cowboy who galloped his horse around the city hall lawn and right up to the police station door Finally he wrote drunken riding BACK IN Min ister W L Mackenzie King of Canada and his wartime gov ernment are back in power followingan indorsement of the liberal party by the Canadian voters but parliamentary strength was weakened slightly by opposition gains in the na tional election Two of Kings ministers were denied seats in the house of commons by voters in their home districts Big 3 Meet Is Deadline on Ratification Tru man wantsto take with him to an early Big 3 meeting the senates signed and sealed approval of the San Francisco conference This presidential hope was re vealed Thursday by Senator George who said it un doubtedly was the primary fac tor in Mr Trumans request for speedy ratification of the projected peacekeepingcharter George ranking member of the foreign relations committee added however that he isnt too opti mistic that approval can be ob tained by the administrations July 15 goal Date of the goal was disclosed by senate authorities Wednesday a strong hint that the promised Big 3 conference would be held short ly thereafter Meanwhile the chief execu tives disclosure that James F Byrnes will accompany him to the meeting revived speculation over the possibility of the former war mobilizers ultimate appointment as secretary of state Aussies in Outskirts of Brunei Town Manila troops Thursday drove into the outskirts of Brunei capital of the Borneo Sultanate of the same name Field reports said the city apparently had been abandoned by the Jap anese the famed Fighting Ninth division thrust across the city line from the east after seiz ing high ground only 200 yards away in an amphibious landing up Brunei river Another Australian column captured Brunei airstrip and rolled on unopposed within 2 miles north of the city in an 8 mile advance along the Brooke tonBrunei road Brunei probably will fall within the next 24 hours or so A front dispatch said the enemy garrison appeared to have fled along the coast to the southwest firing oil wells and tanks as they with drew Flames from the burnin oil were visible 40 miles at sea The lightness of enemy opposi tion was shown by disclosure that only Gl Japanese were killed and one captured in the initial land ing Sunday Aussies who moved up the Bru nei river in boats Tuesday and landed east of Brunei also re ported almost nonexistent oppo sition They advanced swiftly in land and captured high ground overlooking the citys waterfront area On Labuan island in the mouth of Brunei bay other ninth di vision troops cleared the south eastern half of the island and chased the remaining Japanese into the northwestern Hinterlands The Aussies were within 2 miles of Timbalai airfield Australian Warhawks and Beau fighters supported the ground op with bombingahd straf ing raids t They also sank 2 coastal vessels at Samarinda Nephew Finds Picture of Dr James J Hunter on Small Pacific Isle loiva City torn scrap of paper with pictures and English printing caught the eyo of Cpl Paul Hunter Jr of Chicago dur ing a battle on a small island near Okinawa Examining it later he found it was page 93 from the 1926 Uni versity of Iowa yearbook and that his uncle Dr James J Hunter Jr of Mason City was pictured on the page It was the only one o the 508 pages in the book bearing a picture of his uncle then a jun ior in the dental college No one knows how the page happened to be on the island but records showed there were 2 Japanese students in the dentistry school that year to 1 after i descent DIAGRAM OF JAP BALLOON The above is a sketch created by a Seattle Wash artist from a description of the balloons which the Japanese are launching from their home islands against the continental United States The balloons carry a mechanism which releases sandbags or gas as the bags lose or gain altitude and which drops in cendiary and antipersonnel bombs at the end of their pre determined flight t BRITISH PLAN WILL INCREASE INDIAN POWER Executive Council to Be Entirely Native Except for 1 Representative London British gov ernment in a sweeping new deal for India proposed Thurs day a new executive council which would be almost entirely Indian and in the words of Vice roy Lord Wavell represent a definite advance on the road to eifgovernment At the same time that he Sec retary of State for India L S Amery unfolded the statement of policy to parliament Lord Wsvell announced In a radio broadcast from New Delhi that orders had been given for the release of members of the working commit tee of the Indian All Congress parly still in detention Mohandas K Gandhi spiritual leader of the party was released May 5 1944 after 21 months de tention The British governments white paper emphasized that its main position remained as it that the working out of Indias constitutional system is a task which can only be carried through by the Indian people themselves But they the British govern ment are willing to make pas sible some step forward during the interim period if the leaders of the principal Indian parties are prepared to agree to their suggestions and to cooperate in he successful conclusion of the war against Japan as well as the reconstruction of India which must follow the final victory This isnot an attempt to im pose a constitutional settlement Wavell explained in his broadcast with full supi port of his majestys government to invite the Indian leaders x to take counsel with me with a view to formation of a new ex ecutive council more representa tive of organized political Opjn ion Wavell promised that it would be an allIndian council except for the viceroy and the command chief It is also proposed that the portfolio of external affairs which hitherto has been held by the viceroy should be placed in charge of an Indian member of the council as far as the inter ests of British India are con cerned he said A further step proposed by his majestys government is the ap pointment of a British high com missioner in India as in the do minions to represent Great Brit ams commercial and other such interests in India Such a new executive council will you realize represent a def inite advance on the road to self government It will be almost en tirely Indian and the finance and home department members will for the first time be Indians while an Indian will also be charged with management of IndiaE foreign affairs The council will work within the framework of the present con stitution and there can be no question of the governorgeneral agreeing not to exercise his con stitutional power of control Eight members of the congress Partys working committee gained tncir freedom under the viceroys decision They included Jawaharlal Nehru Sardar Vallabhai Patcl and Alaulana Azad all former presidents of the party The other seven of the 15 mem bers originally arrested already had been released the last being Asaf Ali who was freed last month because of his health An official statement in March said 1500 persons were detained in India for political reasons at that time Thursdays proposals were the first major step toward an India solution since 1942 when Sir Staf ford Cripps visited India in an effort to further the plan for dominion status for the country after the war The government said the offer of dominion status still stands without change or qualification The proposal wa wreckcti on Crandms insistence upon immed iate withdrawal of the British from the country the Japanese then were at the eastern frontier of India and Moslem proposals for separate Moslem and Hindu states Efforts of Gandhi and Mahomed Ah Jinnah loader of the Moslems to get together in a program to further Indian independence last September came to naught Gandhi then proposed that the issue be settled by a plebiscite after inde pendence was won Jinnah in sisted upon a settlement before ;