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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 14, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THI THAT MAJCIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHIOftS HOME EDITION immi MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JUNE 14 1943 THIS PATH CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECnQMJ OMK NO 212 FLYERS AGAIN BLAST SICILY Report FR Asks Funds to Roll Back Prices SUBSIDIES OF 2 BILLION SOUGHT WITH PROGRAM ONeal Claims Labor Demands for Plan Are Method of Pay Boost WASHINGTON Roosevelt was reported to have urged congressional leaders at a white house conference Monday to provide between and in subsidiesto roll back the prices of agriculture commodities to consumers While the president was said to have received support for this position from democrats who at tended he was reported to have encountered sharp opposition to the proposal from republicans particularly Senate Minority Leader MeNary of Oregon Mr Roosevelt was said to have dwelt on the operation of food subsidies in Great Britain and Canada observing that the ssstem worked efficiently there Republi cans were represented as assert ing that conditions are not the sanwin England which imports about SO per cent of its food under by iyhich the government Thasownership and can control prices more readily War Mobilization Director James J Byrnes was said to have agreed tKat the application of subsidies rollbacks on prices would be more difficult m this country Armed Forces Will Have 9200000 by End of WASHINGTON of the more than 2800000 men re jected by the armed services for physical disqualifications may be reclaimed as a result of lowered standards delaying the induction of fathers testimony before a house committee indicated Mon day month m AONeal the American Farm Bureau Federation told the senate banttBg committee that demands organized labor for subsidy payments to finance price roll backs represented a finely dis gvteed procure another Increase in wages i Appealing for legislation to pro hibit a general subsidy program to decrease prices ofcommodities ONeal declared that if any roll back is to be made it ought to be made a roll back of wages in stead of prices The farm leaders declared the food production program had been jeopardized by what he called de termined efforts of the price ad ministration OPA to provide prices for consumers without regard to providing prices essential o procure maximum production Again and again he said the American farmer has been made the whipping boy to appease the unreasonable demands of organ ized labor leaders The senate banking committee which three days ago heard Wil liam Green president of the American Federation of Labor predict a spontaneous revolt of wage earners unless living costs are cut was told by ONeal that remarks were most unfor tunate at this time of grave na tional emergency The 6000000 farmers in this country are not goine on strike or getting overtime beyond 40 hours ONeal said Through retention of the 40hour week with premium pay lor overtime beyond 40 hours organized by the administration has prevented complete utilization of our man power resources contributed enor mously to the inflationary spiral and added greatly to the cost of prosecuting the war Jury Disagrees in Train Slaying Case DES MOINES district court jury which deliberated 28 hours without reaching a verdict in the case of Dove Smith 34 Ne gro dining car waiter tried on a charge of murder was discharged Saturday night by Judge C Edwin Moore Smith was charged with the razor slaying last May 9 of Ed ward Morgan 40 Negro cook and fellow employe of Smith on a ROCK Island train Smith testified he slashed Morgan in selfdefense during an argument as the train Beared DCS Moines Both men were from Kansas City MoMmiM ht IN OME TAX i in May Reclaim Some Rejected for Physical Reasons and Delay Induction of Fathers hearmgs on the war Since then the navy has dropped its requirements Al though official indications have been that the drop was not suf ficient to produce enough re claimed men to postpone the fatherdraft three or four months there have been hints it might he held off beyond the date last mentioned officially Aug 1 And while Hershey and War Manpower Commissioner Paul V McNutt told the committee that eventually a great majority of physicallyfit fathers might be in uniform there were many points in their testimony suggesting a brighter outlook for family heads One was McNutts statement oEtione wiu SZUOTOO men toward vtheir fop planriecV strength of the end ofthis year and the army inductions may be cut about 60 per cent after next December With the armed services need ing only men a month at most for the rest of this year they said there are still enough childless men and physical re claimables to meet quotas until Aug 1 at least and the fathers needed to make up the balance can be drawn from a pool of about family heads This bore out more recent draft estimates that less than 1000000 fathers at most will be inducted is year or less than 17 out of ch 100 from the pool of nearly 6000000 nonfarming fathers Farm fathers are deferred on oc cupational grounds Married men not in uniform at the turn of the new year McNutt indicated stand a fine chance of never getting into one since in ductions for the first six months of 1944 are expected to total 700 000 or an average of 117000 monthly to represent necessary replacements for attrition and such increase in the net strength as may be approved Around August Hershey test ified is about the time we will have nsed the people who are not fathers and our present intention is to continue to leave the interdiction on the induction of fathers until we have to take Asked by committee members if it were reasonable to conclude that all fathers except those physically unfit or given occupa tional deferment would be called into service Hershey said I do not think it is quite that broad I think you will have to take fathers I am not at all sure but what a of them And he added selective service makes no distinction between a father with onc child and one t M x l committee he believed the armed services soon would come to the place where we can maintain and uuviuusiy that number will have to be set almost on the basis of the men who become 18 years of age because that is the only real source that remains McNntt emphasized thai the 7MHt figure induction during Uw first six Months of next year was a figure used for w pwyoM of planing only and that emuaHments have been made for the armed farces beyMd Dec 31 IMS The pool of men suitable lor military service rapidly shrink ing he declared and those re maining in industry ture become that work tween now and July l 1944 he explained munitions must have 1300000 additional workers This figure added to the 2400000 to inducted by July 1 and allow Feease industres he added of 1200000 of to 3 and by next month and about 64400 000 by July 1944 During the 12 months ending June of this year 5400000 men will have been inducted into the armed forces and will have been added to munitions industries pay rolls McNutt feels confident that peakharvest labor needs in agri culture will be met this year At the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor slightly more than 2000000 men were in the armed forces At the end of March 1943 there were 8000000 and by the end of this month there are ex pected to be 9200000 How they are distributed among the various branches of the service was not disclosed for the recordEroploy xnent in the JMarch7 and in the shipbuilding Industry from 523000 to loOOJOOO during the same period Selective service has inaugu rated a new program of trans ferring inductees over 38 to the reserves instead of releasing them outright if they have es sential jobs to go to The pur pose of the change Hershey ex plained is to retain jurisdiction over the men Mental disease is the outstand ing cause of rejection of white inductees reporting to induction 2870000 menrejected up to May 1 having been turned down for that reason Instances of mental diseases among Negroes Hershey said run relatively less About 557000 Negroes have been in ducted By states the number of registrants examined and the number rejected included Colorado 49257 and 12813 Il linois 467811 and 125885 Iowa 103264 and 22070 Kansas 78 710 and 15852 Minnesota 140 458 and 34727 Missouri 211233 and 59263 Nebraska 60085 and 14729 South Dakota 27014 and 5889 Wisconsin 160046 and 41 368 WILL BE FEW IX HARDSHIP CASES If Major General Lewis B Hershey selective service direc tor has his way there will be very few men in the new class 3D the extreme hardship classi fication of the draft Asked during hearings on the selective service apropriation bill what a case of extreme hard ship is the general told the com mittee I would say that would be the case of a man with two or three children whose wife is an invalid and who has nothing except what he earns and who when he went home had to take care of his wife and children get the meals and wash the childrens clothes early before he went to work Hollar Named Marshal of U S Army n Theater 111 LONDON lowan Brig Gen Gordon C Hollar 55 of Sioux City Monday occupied the post of provost marshal of the U S army in the European theater of operations Hollar succceeds Maj Gen Wil liam S Key new commander of the American garrison on Iceland General Hollar has been a mem ber of the Iowa National Guard since he enlisted as a private in 1907 In the Mexican border crisis and the first World war he was a vr NAZIS GAVE AID TO JAPANESE IN PEARL HARBOR OWI Reveals German Spies Helped Nippon to Prepare Attack WASHINGTON of fice of war information OWI pionage their attack on Pearl at least one of them was sentenced to death but the later was commuted The report said BernardJulius Otto Kuehn a nazi agent was tried before a military commis sion in Honolulu on charges of betraying the UnitedStates fleet in Pearl Harbor to the Japanese five days before the Dec 7 1941 attack He was convicted on Feb 21 1942 and sentenced to be shot On Oct 26 1942 the sentence was commuted to 50 years at hard labor The basis for the commu tation was not given Members of Kuehns family have been interned for the du ration eilher in Hawaii or in this country They include Mrs Knehn her son Eberhard Mar tin Kuehn and a daughter by her previous marriage Suse Kaete Ruth Kuehn Tbe OWI report based on in formation from the federal bu reau of investigation said Kuehn went to Honoluluin 1935 for the barikeS more than v Picked up on Dec 8 1941 Kuehn and his wifeat first denied they ever had any negotiations with the Japanese government OWI said adding But increasing evidence from the P B I contradicted their as sertions and on Dec 30 1941 Kuehn signed a statement admit ting he had prepared the system of signals for the Japanese con sulgeneral which the latter had dispatched to Tojo in his message of Dec 3 The signals OWI explained were for use in reporting the movements of the American fleet at Pearl Harbor One such signal was a light in a dormer window of a house in Kalama the OWI report said Special agents of the F B 1 had no difficulty in locating the house with the dormer window It was owned and occupied by Kuehn and his wife Friedel They had previously been sus pected of engaging in espionage activities in behalf of Germany and Japan and had been under investigation by the office of nav al intelligence and the1 military intelligence service of the war de partment as well as the F B I These inquiries had brought out the fact that the Kuehns also had a beach house at Lanikai And another of the signals mentioned m the message in possession of the F B I was a light in the beach house at Lanikai Highlights ot Kuehns story as reported by OWI Sometime during November 1S41 he went to Otojiro Okuda Japanese vice consul at Honolulu and offered to assist the Japanese in obtaining information about the national defense of the United States Okuda requested first in formation regarding the move ment of the American fleet at Pearl Harbor second a system of signals by which information could be conveyed to the Japa nese fleet The Japanese rice consal thought the first system too complicated and sub mitted a simplified system Dec 2 together wtth a tabulation of the and types of Ameri can ships then in BawaUaa waters On Oct 25 1941 F B I re ported Tadasi Morimura fourth secretary of the Japanese consul ate delivered 514000 in cash to Kuehn There was no explanation of this payment in advance of the time he purportedly offered his services to the Japanese Mrs Kuehn told F B I agents that a son by a former marriage is now serving the nazi party as an assistant to Propaganda Minis ter Goebbels He is known as Leo pold Kuehn and once was con sidered for chief of the gestapo gf killed HeydrScb CHINESE two emaciated Chinese na tionals sitting m a jeep on Guadalcanal are shown after telling their U S marine rescuers how they had been forced to labor on Jap bases With them are Lieutenants Button and Zimmerman and Colonel Jackson Marine corps photo Dempsey on Stand at Divorce Hearing Denies Hitting Wife He Once Helped Men Out WHITE PLAINS N Y Jack Dempsey the old Mnnassu mauler of the prize ring denied at his divorce trial Monday that lie ever slapped or knocked around his wife Hannah Williams Dempsey but acknowledged he once assisted three men out of his kitchen by slaps shoves and grasps at the seat of the trousers Making his first appearance on the witness stand in supreme court the former heavyweight champ testified in answer to his wifes charges of cruel and inhuman treatment upon which she based her counter claim for separation Serious and unsmiling Dcnip sey now a lieutenant commander in he coast guard gave staccato denials to questions of his attor ney Arthur F Driscoli rcgnrd ing earlier testimony of Mrs Dempsey former Broadway mu sical comedy star whom he has charged with misconduct He named two boxing figures as co respondents He said it was false that he was always accusing Mrs Dempsey of being with other men Q She said you slapped her and threw her around Did you A Never I never laid a hand on her He denied that on Mothers day 1940 he argued with Mrs Dempsey and then picked her up and threw her against the wall Likewise he testified he nevcr called her you bum or for thnt matter used the appellation as a pet name for her as his wife had testified Concerning the incident at his Central Park West apartment during which his wife charged he beat up and kicked out of the apartment Mrs Dcmpseys sister Mrs Dorothy Gomez and three young men who had wailed to meet him Dempsey had a differ ent version to relate It was Hannah who asked Mm to get rid of the four be cause they had been drinking and wouldnt leave Dempsey testified To one of the men Dempsey testified he said Go get otit of here And he said What about it and I slapped Ills face with my open hand Dempsey continued I look the other one by the scat of his trousers and pushed him out of the door Then the third one came from the front room and I shoved him oul I turned around and her sister Dorothy was on the floor kick ing and crying And Mrs Demp sey said Leave her alone Ill take care of her and I went to bed He denied kicking or slapping Mrs Gomez Earlier in the day Mrs Demp seys counter claim for divorce was dismissed leaving at issue only Dempseys suit for divorce and his wifes counter claim lor separation 2 US BOMBERS 10 or II Airmen Die in South Dakota Crash FEDORA S Dak sion of two fourengined army bombers near here Sunday which sent 10 or 11 airmen to death as one plane crashed in flames was under investigation Monday Observers late Sunday fixed he number of bodies removed from the bomber wreckage at ID but a iVIiichell funeral par lor reported Monday that 11 bodies were brought there from the crash scene Nine of the 10 men in the sec ond plnne were injured when it landed in trouble after the nccri deiif but attendants of Mitchell hospitals where eight were taken said none was in serious condi tion Copt F E Shick public rela tions officer at the Sioux City army air base to which the planes were attached announced investi gation was under way He de clined details but Miss Ella Esser Howard telephone operator said Lieutenant Fuller of the plane in which the men were injured re ported that the two planes and a third not involved in Ihe accident were flying in formation just be fore the collision Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Scattered local Ihunder showers late Monday afternoon Monday night and Tuesday forenoon Continued warm and humid Highest tem perature Monday afternoon be tween 90 and 92 Fresh winds IOWA Continued warm and humid Scattered thundershow ers Monday afternoon and eve ning Fresh to moderately strong winds Monday afternoon and ning decreasing to light to moderate winds Monday night MINNESOTA Showers and occa sional thunderstorms north and scattered thundershowers Mon day night Occasional light rain north and thundershowers ex treme southeast portion Tues day forenoon Slightly cooler west and northwest portions Fresh winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 85 Minimum Sunday night 62 At 8 a m Monday 75 Rain trace YEAR AGO Maximum 62 Minimum 40 The figures for Sunday Minimum Saturday 77 Minimum Saturday night 57 At 8 a m Sunday 63 inch Cant Require Children to Salute Flag WASHINGTON su oreme court overruled Monday a lecision it delivered in 1940 and leld that school children cannot constitutionally be required to salute the American flag if they tiad religious scruples against iuch action Justice Jackson delivered the decision involving a challenge by members of Jehovahs Wit nesses of a flagsalute require ment by the West Virginia board of education Justices Roberts and Reed dis sented We think the action of the lo cal authorities in compelling the flag salute and pledge Jackson asserted transcends constitu tional limitations on their power and invades the sphere of intel lect and spirit which it is the purpose of the first amendment to our constitution to reserve from al official control In its June 3 1940 decision the court sustained the constitution ality of a flagsalute regulation by the Mmersville Pennsylvania school district It also was chal lenged by Jehovahs Witness Chief Justice Stone was the lone dissenter at the time But since then Justices Black Douglas and Murphy who had participated in Ihe majority de cision expressed the view that the case had been wrongly decided Justice Frankfurter who wrote the 1940 majority opinion an nounced no dissent from Mon days action Both Justices Rut ledge and Jackson who were not members of the court in 1940 joined in the majority opinion The West Virginia regulation provided that the right hand be placed upon the breast and the following pledge be repeated in allegiance flag of the United Statesof America and to the republic for which it stands one nation indi visible with liberty and justice for all It was challenged by Walter Barnette Paul Stall and Lucy McClure parents of Kanawha county school children expelled for refusal to join in the salute The committee on the bill ot rights of the American Bar asso ciation and the American Civil Liberties union urged the court to hold the flagsalute unconstitu tional as applied to those with religious scruples The American Legion contended the regulation should be upheld Sippi AntiSedition Law Is Ruled Out WASHINGTON su preme court held unconstitutional Monday a Mississippi wartime antisedition statute which out laws oral statements or the dis tribution of literature which reasonably tend to create an at titude of stubborn refusal to sa lute honor or respect the flag or government of the United States or of the state Justice Roberts delivered the unnimous opinion applying spe cifically to members of Jehovahs Witnesses comtcted of violating the legislation al Canton Colum bia and Vicksburg The statute as construed in these cases Justice Roberts said makes it a criminal offense to communicate to others views and opinions respecting governmental policies and prophecies concern ing the future of our own and other nations As applied lo Ihe appellanls it punishes them although what they communicated is not claimed or known to have been done with an evil or sinister purpose to have advocated or incited sub versive action against the nation or slate or to have threatened any clear or present danger lo our institutions or our govern ment What these appellants communicated were their beliefs and opinions concerning domestic measures and trends in national and world affairs Under our decisions criminal sanctions cannot be imposed for such communication R E Taylor was alleged lo have told two women al Canton who had lost sons at Pearl Harbor that it was wrong for Ihe presidenl to send the army across for they are just being shot down for nothing He also was charged along with Betty Benoit of Columbia and Clem Cummings of Vicksburg with distributing literature which violated the statute State offi cials said the legislation passed on March 20 1942 was designed to preserve loyalty and unity and would expire with the end of the war It provides for impris onment up p 10 years for viola tions AIRDROMES ON ISLAND GATE TO ITALY POUNDED 3 Other Stepping State Islands Are Now in Allied Forces Hand ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA S heavy bombers of the middle east air command smashed again Sun day at eastern Sicily airdromes it Catania and Gerbini carrying the Mediterranean olfensive to the island gateway to Italy while flyers of the northwest African air forces confined their opera tions to patrols allied communi ques announced Monday Three other island stepping stones for invasion already were in the hands of allied forces Pantelleria Lampedusa mod Ij Sicily at the toe ot the Italian boot appeared a log ical target in the next phase of the offensive A Cairo middle east air com mand communique said that at least eight planes were destroyed in the raid on Gerbini three which ran into bomb bursts as they attempted to take off and five Messenichmitts 109s shot out of the air in an ensuing battle At Catania a port 13 miles to the east serious damage was done to hangars and aircraft on the ground with dense black smoke reported billowing up from han gars hit on the west side of the airdrome The Italian communique said that formations of fourengined bombers also attacked Messina with two planes brought down by antiaircraft fire It asserted also that three planeswere shot down overSJpilyJind two over Pantel leria In air Sundays daylight attack on Ca tama followed a Saturday night assault by RAF heavy bombers which left large fires that could be seen for miles Catania has been heavily pun ished before by allied bombers jn the campaign to obliterate axis air force nests The Africabased pilots fresh from ttieir victories that reduced Pantelleria and LampedBsa after some of Ihe most terrific air bombing the Mediterranean ever has witnessed generally resjed m their bases while head quarters and operations shaped their planes for the assaults to come with Sicily generally con sidered Ihe prime objective The third island to fall Linosa was spared aerial attacks or naval bombardment by a swift bloodless yielding The tinyisle of Linosa 28 miles northeast of Larnpedusa raised the white flag of unconditional surrender Sunday Lampcdusa ca pitulated Saturday after more than 24 hours oC concentrated bombing and naval shelling that followed Pantellerias surrender Friday Sicily is about 60 miles from Pantclleria Jt is about 150 miles long and lias an area of about 9 900 square miles Sicilian targels have been heav ily battered for weeks by the northwest Africanair forces and by planes from British bases on Malta and from allied bases oper ating under the middle east air command at Cairo I Hickenlooper Reviews Iowa State Guard Units at Camp Dodge DES MOINES Bourke B Hickenlooper reviewed units of the Iowa slate guard in training at Camp Dodge Sunday afternoon The second regiment compris ing units from 19 cities under the command of Col Otto L Ron ningen oE Ames arrived at Camp Dodge June 6 and will break camp next Saturday The first regiment under Col Gerald V Caughlan of Council Bluffs will arrive June 20 for a two week training period Iowa War Relocation Office Is Established DES MOINES mcnt of an Iowa war relocation authority office principal duty of which will be to find jobs tor JapaneseAmerican youths now in relocation centers was announced by Vernon Kennedy Kansas City regional WRA supervisor Myrle White of Lincoln Nebr will be state relocation officer and E A Franquemont of Des Moines will be associate relocation officer ;