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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 14, 1941, Mason City, Iowa r NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C 0 M P r I I r 0 f A ARCHIVES I A HOME EDITION THE THAT MAKtS ALL NOUTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS They loo Are Americans 3 Races in Majority in S America KDITOE8 NOTE Thii Is anolhrr ol a series or articles written by W Eart Hall Mason Cjt7 GlobeGlzette editor In course of a tour through South America as one of a party of K tuesti of the Carnefie Endowment for International Peace MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JUNE 14 1941 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP Tffo SECTIONS SECTION ONE MASON CITY THC BRIGHT SPOT Number 83 By EARL HALL AT THE EQUATOR OFF BRA ZIL ON BOARD THE SS BRAZIL Negro and the great bulk of South Americas popula tion Down through the years there has been a pronounced in termarriage and today in all coun tries except Argentina where the Spanish predominate the people are a composite of the three gen erally speaking Those with a mixture of Span ish and Indian blood are known as Mestizos those with a mixture of Negro and Indian blood are called Zambos and as in our own country the mixture of Ne gro and white blood is designated as Mulatto There are of course in all South American countries sizable groups of people from other na tions who have made contribu tions to the development of land far beyond their numerical ratio to the whole population V In Buenos Aires for example it is estimated that of the 2500 000 population at least 500000 arc of Italian stock Italians cut an extremely wide swath in the agriculture of both Argen tina and Uruguay The French in Brazil have been so important in the scheme of things that French rather than either Spanish or English is the second language This picture is r changing howeverin the direc tion of English Maybeits tradi tional rivanY dating back to co lonial days or maybe its because of the marked similarity between Portuguese and Spanish but the fact remains that Brazilians do not like the Spanish language Its interesting and hard to ex plain that thc Portuguese speak ing Brazilians can understand Spanish quite readily but Spanish speaking persons have marked difficulty in understanding the Portuguese language Germans figure quite largely in the national life of practically all South American nations having made rapid gains since World war No 1 In the agriculture of southern Brazil and the agricul ture of southern Chile German to their fatherland of considerable importance The rule of once a German al ways a German has in no sense been repealed Im convinced While the total number of In dians is greatest in Brazil the pro porlion of Indians to other races is highest in Bolivia and Ecuador with Peru and Paraguay following close Negroes who as in United States date back to an African and West Indies slave trade are most nu merous proportionately in the Guianas although in total number Brazil and Colombia come first Argentina prides itself on the purity of its Spanish blood whereas Brazil seems almost to have made it a policy to encour age a mixing of racial bloods In Rio and other Brazilian cities there is little or no discrimina tion socially against Negroes a phenomenon particularly noticed by the southerners in our group Uruguay despite Argentinas claims probably has a purer Spanish strain than any other South American country Mestizos mixture of while and Indian the bulk of Venezuelas population Because oE the formidable ob slacles involved South America has never had an even approxi mately correct census They are at best only guesses Thc most re liable approximations I have been able to find gives to the South American continent a total pop ulation of 31 million as compared with the 162 million in U S Canada and Mexico Brazil with 43 million is more than three times as populous as the second South American na tion Argentina with its 13 mil lion Other countries in their or der are Colombia 9 million Peru 7 million Chile 5 million Vene zuela 34 million Bolivia 33 Ecuador 3 Uruguay 28 Para guay I English French and Dutch Guianas 500000 in toto Authorities in Brazil expect a population of 80000000 by 1980 and it takes no stretch of imagina lion to conceive of B total South i American population of 200000 by that of course on what turn world history takes in the meantime rr J tf A4 A J T A AIJil F R FREEZES CREDITS OF AXIS U Practice Sowing Mines in New York Harbor SHIPPING TOLD PLANTING TO BE BEGUN JUNE 15 Specified Area in Vicinity of Sandy Hook Marked by Red Buoys WASHINGTON war department in commenting on an earlier disclosure by the navy that mines would be laid in New York harbor said Saturday that the sowing would be just a practice operation rather than a measure to safeguard the harbor In a notice to shipping the navy had said hat mines would be placed between June 15 and Sep tember 30 off Sandy Hook and indicated that loaded mines would be used to some extent The army will carry out the operations through its coast ar tillery and mine planter services An army coast artillery official explained that the operation was similar to others carried out in previous years for training and asserted that it was customary to use live mines to a limited ex tent The announcement caused a flurry because of the tense inter national situation the official said The notice to shipping Js routine like notices published xvhen coastal guns are fired Even unloaded dummy mines might damage small craft Live mines used in such man euvers are loaded and unloaded the same day and are carefully patrolled it was said ANNOUNCEMENT FIBST MADE BY U S NAVY WASHINGTON Prepara tions to sow mines in the lower bay of New York harbor were disclosed Saturday by the navy It was indicated that loaded rather than mere practice mines would be used to some extent Officials did not say whether the operation to bo carried out this summer by the army was in tended only for training or as an actual safeguard of the harbor Advising shipping that the mine planting would take place be tween June 15 and Sept 30 in a specified area in the vicinity Sandy Hook the navys hydo graphic office said that when loaded mines are planted tiie area will be patrolled constantly The office added that cables would extend from the mine field to the shore of Sandy Hook The area to be mined was described as quadrilateral about two miles from Sandy Hook light and ex tending about 1000 yards or more than a half mile in one direction It will be marked by four red spherical buoys Shipping was warned in similar fashion last week of unspecified naval defense operations in Los Angeles and San Diego harbors Naval circles implied that these involved antisubmarine net lay ing but there was no official con firmation The army rather than the navy will carry out the New York har bor operation The armys coast artillery and mine planter serv ices have charge of off shore safe guards which are controted from the shore For Big Band Champ Twirler to Be Here One of tfir many flashyattractions at the North Iowa band fes tlval in Mason Oty Tuesday viU be Fat PhlUippi xviaher of the twjrlinff champjonshlp at the St Paul winter carnival shownabove holding the trophy she won fqra spectacular demonstration which she will repeat at the North Iowa band festival finale Tuesday eve mng in the Roosevelt park Miss Phillippi will be featured in the twirling squadron preceding the Kiester Minn band in the parade at 11 oclock in the morning Fair Weather Is Predicted for Sunday DES MOINES PP it couldnt rain forever no matter what you thought The weatherman finally gave in after two weeks of almost con tinuous with several cloudbursts and floods thrown in for good measure and forecast fair and warmer for Sunday In fact he said some parts of the state will be fair Saturday night others only partly cloudy As if in a final we hope ges ture rain was falling Saturday morning at Clarinda Omaha Davenport and Keokuk following general showers over the entire slate during the last 24 hours ranging from a trace to 51 oC an inch at Iowa City Other readings all were under a quarter inch Temperatures Saturday aver aged 5 degrees below normal The mid morning 7eaciing at DCS Moines was 62 degrees following a high of 71 at Decorah Friday and low of 51 at Charles City during the night Miller Former Judge in Supreme Court Dies H ARLAN Funeral ar rangements were being made here Saturday for former Judge Ernest M Miller of the Iowa supreme court who died at his home Fri day afternoon He was stricken by a heart at tack at his office Wednesday aft ernoon Prior to his appointment to the supreme court in 1937 by former Gov Nelson G Kraschel he had been Shelby county attorney for four years from 1917 to 1921 and judge of the 15th judicial circuit from 1932 to 1937 Weather Report FORECAST JOWA Partly cloudy to fair Sat urday night Sunday fair and warmer MINNESOTA Fair Saturday night and Sunday warmer Sunday MASON CITY Partly cloudy Sat urday night fair warmer in afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGarctte weather statistics Maximum Friday fis Minimum Friday night 54 At 8 a m Saturday 55 Rain Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 30 Minimum fii 2 YOUTHS HOLD UP STATION Bind Gag Operator in Tactics Like Those in Algona Robbery DES MOINES Iowa police radio reported Saturday two young men one with a ban daged hand held up a filling sta tion Saturday at the intersection of highways 59 and 0 seven miles south of Primghar Iowa7 They escaped with S18 in cash and a quantity of candy pop and cigars after binding the operator They were reported later to have been seen near Melvin trav eling north on highway R9 Offi cers said they believed the Buick automobile the men were driving had been stolen Friday night at Marathon Iowa Both men carried revolvers Primghar is in the northwest corner o Iowa Two men staged similar hold ups at Alogna Iowa and Morgan Minn within the last week in each case leaving the filling sta tion operator bound and gagged Transient Killed by Train at Oelwein OELWEIN Murray about 60 transient from St Paul Mian was killed by a Chicago and Great Western freight train here Saturday A son Milan is a newspaperman at Lc Mars Iowa Tombstone Falls on Boy Death Results TROY N Y URStephen J Dwyer 15 died Saturday of a skull fracture suffered when he toppled a tombstone on himself while playing in a cemelery EXPECT FALL OF SYRIAN CAPITAL IN FEW HOURS Bombers Leave Sting in England Germany by Widespread Attacks BY THE ASSOCIATED FKESS British imperial and Free French forces closed in on 4000 year old Damascus Saturday at the end of the first week of their campaign to take Syria and Le banon out of Vichys control and nullify them as assets in Berlins war plans Authoritative sources in London said that the Vichy defenders of the Syrian capital had abandoned the town of Kissoue 10 miles away falling back close to the walls of the unfortified city The fall of po tential turning point in the al lied offensive or liberation and protection for the French man dated lands if not a pivotal de velopment for the whole turn of events in Africa and ihe middle expected within a few hours if it had not already been formally surrendered London reports have indi dicated that the allied drive on Damascus had been held up nend mg negotiations for a bloodless march into the capital GERMANY ENGLAND ATTACKED BY AIR The titantic struggle by sea and air between Germany andBritain was marked Saturday by reports that A strong RAF force once again straddled the berths of the Ger man battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau at Brest France but this time it was said their targets included a 10000ton German cruiser possibly the Prinz Eugen consort of the Bismarck just be fore British torpedoes pounded her to pieces 400 miles oft Brest May 27 Germanys Pittsburgh re eion the Ruhr valley was bombed for the third conseeu live night with blasting em phasis on the Sctnverte factory zone German channel shipping and an airdrome in Brittany also got a pounding which cost the British two planes Seven German bombers were destroyed in raids on Britain dur ing the notable success for the British considering the small scale of the attacks The score hinted anew at some secret device or technique and gave point to an utterance of La bor Minister Ernest Bevin Friday night that the day is not far dis tant when you will be equally safe at night in your beds as you are in the daytime Another shot down Saturday morning over the English channel German night raiders struck at objectives in Englands eastern and southern coastal regions with accent on airports The nazi claimed three British fighter planes shot down in combat over the North sea and the English channel ALLIES TRY TO AVOID HEAVY SYRIA BLOODSHED The allied offensive into Syria and Lebanon depended greatly on how quickly the selfproclaimed liberators could occupy inland Damascus Syrian capital and coastal Beirut Lebanese capital without tremendous bloodshed The latter factor according to the allies cramped their mechan ized style British naval and air forces have tried to soften the resistance without too much blasting Beirut reported four separate RAF at tacks Friday night but officials said the British did no damage and were forced out to sea by WATONGA Okla enne Indians started picketing the postoffice Saturday in protest against a new mural depicting their forebears Attired in full tribal regalia they bore placards saying Postoffice mural unfair to heyenne Indians The action came at the instance of Red Bird 71 year old chief of Ihe Cheyenne tribe who after studying Ihe mural proclaimed II stinks Postoffice to Protest Mural The mural was painted by Miss Edith Mahier of the University of Oklahoma art department It represents the Cheyenne Indians of Roman Nose canyon now a state park at the time oj the com ing of the settlers Chief Henry Roman Nose tri bal chief at the time and pre decessor of Ihe picketing Red Bird is the predominant figure in the mural Chief Red Bird speaking through his interpreter explained his displeasure by saying Picture not like Roman nose Chief wears feather farther back on head not tied on with store bought string Breechclout too short look like Navajo Ponies Indians riding look like hobby horses with swan necks Chey cnncs like spotted ponies Roman Noses baby look like stumpy pig cor n m e a Ibloated Roman Nose had fine boys Our Chief Roman Nose wearing Na vajo clothes No good It stinks Asked if he intended to scalp the artist he replied through In terpreter Yellow Eyes Boyanda r r o w horse and buggy day business no good Cheyenne streamlined We picket So fullblooded Indian pickets youngsters along with big bucks and squaws took up their task over remonstrances of Postmaster Clarence Knappenberger Nazi Losses in Crete Make Present Poor Time to Beat Drums for Invading England of fKher turning a Machiavellian trick of propaganda or else he is in a jam again miday Dr Goebbels put a piece in Adolf Hitlers own iT two months by the invasion England The first few copies were bare ly off the presses when the plates were torn up all possible copies destroyed and the Goebbels ar ticle 3anked out and replaced with something innocuous It may be that Dr Goebbels did he whole thing with tongue in cheek to give the British a few there seems to nave been no secret made of thc ban the article itself or part of il has been cabled abroad and on the surface it does not appear to contain any worthwhile military information which might be of aid to the British Goebbels is perfectly capable of pulling off such a stunt to at tract American attention to his story Tiiere is however an alterna tive and it is that Hitler quashed the little doctors invasion predic tion because he did not believe it would be morale good for German he the uie uays wnen thc black messenger in nazi uniform is knocking at the doors of German homes proud and humble and telling mothers and fathers that Kudi or Hans or Willi will not come home from Crete The mothers and fathers of the trerman soldiers who still live can see from their own casualty figures of 5893 lost in Crete that it cost more in dead wounded and miss ing to subdue a rocky poorlyde fended Mediterranean island than it did lo conquer Ihe Balkans Germans than were lost in the Norwegian blitzkrieg This is true even if they believe the German figures Hence these mothers anil fath ers of the still living can look nith no pleasure on the prospect of their sons plunging across the English channel toward the defenses lhat science can devise and pitting them selves against millions upon mil lions of men and women fiKht mc lo the very last for their homes AO IJus is scarcely the time lo beat Ihe drums in Germany for Itllc of this order the invasion of Britain Dr Goebbels has teetered from me line before Moreover he is not thc first modern minister to be censored His case is vaguely reminiscent MOVE IS AIMED AT SUBVERSIVE ACT FINANCING Prevents Transfer of Funds From U S Unless Morgenthau Approves WASHINGTON Roosevelt Saturday froze more than a half billion dollars of Ger man and Italian credits in the United States in a general freezing of European credits hitherto not subjected to such action The order provided however that general licenses would be is sued for the use of Finnish Por tuguese Spanish Swedish Swiss and Russian funds conditional upon the receipt of adequate as surances from the governments of such countries that the general li censes will not be employed by them 01their nationals to evade ii voguciy i eiiiimsccnt i subversive of that of Britains Earl Stanhope I Stales then first lord of the admiralty who was censored by No 10 Down ing street two years ago in the final uneasy April ot Europes The order in its application to the axis was aimeil frankly at preventing thc use of Ger man ana Kalian loot to finance subversive activities in the Unit repiy to the sinking of the Ameri an steamer Robin Moor by a erman submarine The presidents executive order gave the treasury complete control ver property and property inter Speaking in the Aircraft Carrier submarine Ark Royal before a stage back drop cmbclishcd with a drawing ot Dopey the Disney Dwarf Lord piupeny anu property Inter Stanhope declared the whole Brits ownecl bv Germany and Italy ish fleet was manning its antiair or thcil nationals in this country craft guns so as to be ready lor statement anything that might happen A couple of hours later all Brit ish newspapers were asked by Ihe then Prime Chamberlain Minister Neville to eliminate thc speech in the national interest Many of them complied Earl Stanhope no longer a member of theBritish government Nazis Reds Play Bluff BERN high stakes contest of international bluff with Adolf Hitler demanding economic benefits from the Uk raine and Joseph Stalin playing a waiting game unwilling to was described by Swiss sources as underlying persistent reports ol sovieinazi tension V The Journal de Geneve which has authoritative international contacts declared Germany wanted access in the Ukraine and the riRht to direct wartime production from thc great bread basket of southwestern Russia a strain and cattle producing sleppelanrt twice as hie as Texas y y Soviet Premier Stalin the jour nal said was trying to dodge the it predicted he would give in if necessary to avert a break with Germany Stalin is trying to keep Russia out of war because he still envi sions general communist revolu tion in the ruins o a Europe pros trated by he horrors of bombard ments and famine thc journal asserted H added He has made concessions and would make more if necessary Russia or more exactly the is indispensable to a selfsufficicnl Europe in any conflict with America From the point of vfew of the new Europe the matter neednt be a cause of war to obtain the result desired It would suffice within existing political actuality for Stalin to consent to permit German civilians to organize on a modern scientific basis the pro duction commerce and transport of Ukraine grains RUSSIA ADMITS NAZI TROOPS NEAR FRONTIER The tide of divergent stories of strained relations between Berlin and Moscow brought from Rus sia herself a series of denials which backhandcdly confirmed at least one of the reports The soviet statement said it should be assumed the German troop movements had no bear ipg on relations between thc countries and added that red army movements also were only training maneuvers DUCES SPEECH GIVEN PRAISE Matsuoka Approves Reference lo Action in Case of U S Move ROME rcaffirmalion of tics with Die axis has been given Premier Mussolini in a personal message from Japan ese Foreign Minister Yosukc Mat suoka it was announced Satur day ATalsuokas message was in praise of Mussolinis speech in which II Ducc declared the Japanese woulil not remain in different in the face of Ameri can aggression against thc axis V The Inpanese foreign minister specifically indorsed Mussolinis view on ItalianJapanese rela tions and added that Italys solid collaboration w i t h Germany which cannot be disturbed by any country or man will bring to a finish the common mission which was the original purpose of the GermanItalian alliance and which afterwards was clearly specified further by the tripartite pact MiitsiiokVs message delivered to the Italian ambassador at To kio referred lo Mussolinis speech Tune 10 before thc chamber of fasces and guilds on the first an niversary of Italys entry into thc war I share completely il diiccs viewpoint insofar as Italian Tapancse relations arc con cerned and there can he no greater honor for me than lo state hat my thoughts have been understand and strength ened during my recent visit Matsuokas statement said Woman Wins First Prize in Driving Contest at Ames AAIES Mrs Flavia Larson you who scorn women drivers The 34 year old graduate psy chology student at Iowa State col lege entered a driving contest here in connection with a safety education conference Other con testants were 25 men including representatives of several high way safety organizations Mrc Larson won first prize a loving cup The move also was a partial A statement accompanying the executive order explained that the action was designed to prevent the use of the financial facilities of Die United States in ways harmful lo national defense and other American interests to prevent the liquidation in thc United States of assets looted by duress or conquest nnd to curb subversive activities in the United States Simultaneously the assets of all invaded or occupied Euro pean countries not previously of Albania Aus tria Czechoslovakia Danzig and were sequestered Previously he president had the funds nf 14 other European nations occupied or completely dominated hy Ger many Saturdays action raises to ap proximately 55000000000 the to tal amount of frozen foreign assets in the United States The effect nf thc order is to prevent transfer of axis funds out of the United Stales without the express permission of Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgen tliau Jr Mr Roosevelt also approved regulations providing for a cen sus of all foreign owned property in thc United Slates It will apply lo all countries and their na tionals whether or not they pre affected by freezing orders Government sources estimated thatGermany and Italy had be tween S300000000 and S400 000000 of direct in the slates Indirect holdings were believed to acfrrceale at least another These fig ures however may he consid erably reduced now as the re sult of withdrawals in anticipa tion of freezing U S iiscts in Germany ic cording to the latest treasury fig ure total These in clude direct investment in indus trial enterprises This countrys assets in Italy were estimated to he Since thc out break ot war Americans have been unable lo take out either their investments or earnings from those countries because of rigid monetary controls Under previous executive orders freezin3 control had been exlend rd o the assets of Norway Den mark the Netherlands Belgium Luxembourg France Es tonia Rumania Bulgaria Lithu ania Hungary Jugoslavia and Greece SCORES MANUFACTURERS ATLANTIC Iowa Charles Webber of New York City a speaker at the lowaDes Moines conference of the Meth odist church here Friday night criticized manufacturers ot the nation who he said were unwill ing to participate in the national oefensc program until assured ot the profits they wanted ;