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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 13, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY AMD ARCHIVES MCHNES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION Associated Pro United Prea run Leaded wires Cent a Copyt MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JUNE 13 1945 This Paper Consists al Two Ont NO 212 DAWN BLOW CRACKS JAP LINES Japs Fire Borneo Oilfields 1 INSIDE WASHINGTON Wi 1 in Public Office Have Tough Time of It By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Correspondent Perkins first woman secretary of labor in the cabinet of the president of the United States is about to pass from the official Washington scene In fact she has passed from the Washington scene with the ap pointment of the new labor secre tary Judge Lewis Schwellenbach Already Miss Perkins has packed away the famous tricorne her identification tag No longer can little Quips and jokes be made about Fanny Miss Perkins re gime is over Miss Perkins manner of depar ture is none too magnificent Ill admit that But between you and me and the prejudice we all have against women in public office Miss Perkins has been a much maligned woman Any woman in public office is a much maligned woman Oh yes sir she is Ah yes my dear she is much maligned Any woman and every woman who steps out into the limelight of officeholding has 2 strikes against her People used to think of women in public Jife as a combination of Carrie Nation and the picture on the Old Dutch cleanser can Many people used to think the female who dared to stand outspokenly for a conviction or two was tough enough to ride a broomstick This broomstick conception of the in dependent woman still clings to some of the modernminded wom en in public life You may be as moclern as you please inprivate life You thereby supply much juicy gossip Lately however the popular conception of a woman in public life is changing Grim is be coming less and less descriptive The woman in public life is now too often thought of as Cute Yes Cute There you have it From grim to cute There is no compromise If a woman isnt too careful about her appearance she is thinking more of the speech she is about to make than wheth er the shade of red on her ha matchesthe shade of red on he she reverts to thi grim And if her color scheme is per fect then she is labeled cute In other words the female of the species is far from emanci pated She is more tied down in many ways than her grandmother was She has made herself a com petitor of the male I mean an open competitor And it may be she has been pretty silly to so ex pose herself to every known type of envy Poor Frances Perkins She was an example of all the things Ive been talking about Yet 1 have i heard wellinformed Washington ians say that she was far superi or as a secretary of labor to the men who preceded her in office Before Miss Perkins came to town the labor post had often been filled by men who were not ably incompetent or who had been afflicted with weakness when they met a tough problem Mak ing deals of one sort or another the not uncommon practice of labor secretaries Labor before Frances Perkins rarely raised its whippeddown head Walking over labor was a common pastime It was no trick at all to keep labor flattened out Miss Perkins came in on a new tide of thought and action Labor suddenly aware of its strength was rarin to go And did go And there sat Miss Perkins within her own rather stiff personality sur rounded and protected by sec retaries Trying to hold to the principles she believed in and at the same time express the policies of a new deal which didnt al ways know what it believed in Ive an idea that when all the excitement has died down Miss Perkins will be discovered to have been a pretty fine cabinet officer Ive an idea too that if she had been a man many of her mistakes would have been regarded as bold successes or at least overlooked If she had been less grim and more cute there would not have been so many jokes about her On the other hand if she had been more cute than grim she might not have had the job at all I dont know what the answer is You figure it out There ARE 2 strikes against a woman in public office And privately I think il just as well there are because you simply can give us too much rope We might hang ourselves and the rest of the world with us AUSSIES PUSH AHEAD AMID THICK JUNGLES Little Enemy Opposition Yet But Bad Roads Impede Fast Travel Manila Japanese put the torch to rich oil installations on north Borneo Wednesday as Australian troops advanced slowly Loward Brunei through thick jungle country Reports from the front said that columns of smoke were seen and explosions echoed from the direc tion of Brunei capital of the sul tanate of the same name The Japanese troops were believed firing both the town and nearby oil installations There still was no enemy op position to speak of but the 9th Australian division found it tough going along the bad narrow road through the jungle from captured Brooketon to Brunei After an other twomile gain the Austral ians were 10 airline miles or 14 miles by road from Brunei A combined press dispatch from the front reported that the sultan of Brunei and hisharem was be lieved to be in the interior moun tains waiting to return to resum his rule under the British flag Other reports said that 1500 civilians many of them hungry and sick had been liberated so far They included Chinese Ma lays Indians and Javanese Australian troops shared their rations with the liberated natives and immediately set up a hospita for them Melbourne radio report ed that the civilians had been liv ingfor nearly four years on three pounds of rice a month and what ever coconut and tapioca they could obtain The small island of Muara of Brooketon in Brunei bay was completely cleared by the invad ers On Labuan Australian engin eers went to work to clear the long unused airstrip which was cap turcd in the early stages of th anding The strip was reported overgrown with grass and pock ed with bomb craters but it wa expected to be cleared soon Australian troops mcanwhil drove two miles north of the air field That put them about fiv miles from the northern tis of th sland Gen Douglas MacArthur wh risited Labuan the first day 0 the invasion Tuesday went ashor on the mainland and went 4 mile inland to the front lines Bulldozers made in Peoria 111 were clearing a path through th iangled tropical undergrowth fo anks and trucks American plane strafed and bombed ahead of th advancing Australians and some ground fire in action Front dispatches described th campaign as being fought in a Edenlike setting of lush tropica flowers and trees with strang and beautiful birdcalls minglin with gunfire in the air Little Notions Concede Big 5 in Battle on Yalta Voting Formula San Francisco little united nations conceded victory to he big 5 Wednesday in their battle over the Yalta voting formula Eventual approval of the formula was virtually assured early Vednesday morning when aunited nations conference committee after a hectic night session eated an Australian attempt to Truman Asks Buy your War Bonds an Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy soften big 5 veto rights in the ecurity council The vole was 20 to 10 against he amendment nations ab tained from voting and 5 others vere absent The committee scheduled 2 more meetings Wednesday during vhich tentative incorporation of he Yalta formula into the char er was expected A vote is needed for approval but it was onceded that the oppositions highwater mark already had come on the Australian amend ment Australian Foreign Minister ierbert V Evatt who led the ight to modify the formula served notice that defeat at this conference did not mean the end of his battle It will go on until liberaliza ion or improvement takes place le said Evatt and his supporters here claimed a moral victorsThey contended that the vote showed that half of the 50 nations at this conference either by supporting Australian or by abstaining from he roll call could not defend the Formula The Australian amendment would have taken away from the big 5 the right given them under the Yalta formula to veto security council action in the peaceful set tlement of disputes Many other pending amendments now are ex pected to be withdrawn or de featedeasily Highlights of hour session were 1 Seventeen speeches for and against the voting formula House for FEPC Action Washington Tru man Wednesday repeated the hope that the house rules committee will give the house a chance to vote on legislation making permanent a federal fair employment practices committee He expressed the hope to a news conference when asked to com ment on rules committee action of Tuesday refusing by a 66 tie vote to give such legislation a place on the house calendar Mr Truman last week wrote Chairman Sabath of the rules committee asking a vote on the question in the house as quickly as possible Hardly had the house voted 251 to 105 late Tuesday to outlaw poll tax payments as a voting require ment in federal elections before southern senators promised an all out fight against the measure Well speak as long as we have to in order to prevent passage Senator Bilbo DMiss told a re porter Senate filibusters or threats of them have blocked enactment of similar legislation passed by the house in the 2 preceding con gresses Seven southern states have poll tax laws With southern democrats equal ly adamant against setting up a 2 An impassioned appeal for j permanent fair employment prac K tices comrnjssioni jfcp Norton 0 N turned to the republicans to save it from a rules committee deathtrap unanimity on the issue by Sen Tom Connally D Tex in what witnesses described as his best senatorial style 3 A point of order raised and sustained against the delegate from Iraq because of a reflection upon France 4 A charge by New Zealand Prime Minister Peter Fraser that Connally had misrepresented the Australian amendment 5 An expression of resentment by Evatt at Cmdr Harold E Stas sens implication that the little na tions were cynical LendLease to China Increased 15Fold Washington IP Lendlease shipments to Chint spurted to inApril or more than 15 times that of the same month a year ago Foreign Economic Administra tor Leo T Crowley announcing this Tuesday said shipments will increase rapidly now that the war is concentrated against Japan Since March 1941 China has received in lend lease aid Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and mild Wednesday night and Thursday occasional showers Wednesday night Partly cloudy Wednesday Wednesday night and Thurs day Scattered thundershowers in northwest and north central portions late Wednesday and Thursday Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness Wednesday night and Thursday with showers and thunderstorms south and cen tral Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night and scattered showers Thursday No decided change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Tuesday 74 Minimum Tuesday 53 At 8 a m Wednesday 63 YEAR AGO Maximum 80 Minimum 67 Precipitation 10 REBUILDING ST civilians in St Malo bend to the task of reconstructing thenhistoric old city badly damaged during the war I CliffScaling Yanks Seize Both Anchors of Jap Line DrawnOut Battle Hears End Guam American predawn attacks on both flanks of Yaeju plateau caught the Japanese nap ing and apparently cracked the enemys last ditch defense ine on Okinawa front dispatches reported Wednesday The Japanese came to life at daybreak and attacked with machine guns and knee mor COMMANDERS WATCH STRUGGLE ON Marine Maj Gen Lemuel C Shepherd with walking stick commander of the 6th marine division and Lt Gen Simon Bolivar Buckner with camera commander of the 10th army watch their troops in action from an Okinawa ridge as their forces storm Naha capital of the island Marine corps photo Dote of Big 3 Meeting Has Been FixedBut Truman Cant Say When Washington Truman announced Wednesday tha i Big 3 meeting has been set but he said he could not announce thi time or place until his arrival there The president also told a news conference that he expected th meeting at Moscow this Friday work out a unified Polish govern ment on a broad base to produce results In obvious good humor follow ng an earlier conference with Harry Hopkins and Joseph Davies his representatives rtoscow and London the president old the reporters the results they had obtained have been com pletely satisfactory and gralify ng He said he would take Secre ary of State Edward R Stetlin ius Jr James F Byrnes former war mobilizer Hopkins and Davies to the big 3 meeting with him the latter 2 if their health permits The president said the ail im portant thing was that London Washington and Moscow continue the unity confidence and respect which brought results in the mil itary picture to make sure a last ing peace He Marshal Slalin and Prime Minister Churchill he said must trust each other Discussing Tuesday nights nn nouncement regarding the forth coming meeting ot American Russian and British representa tives with three groups oE Polish representatives the president said he thought we are on fhe way to a complete settlement of that is sue He said that while no members of the present Polish government in London were invited to the Francisco Asked if Hopkins mis sion had anything to do with that he replied Categorically it did He said Hopkins also discussed the recent arrests of 16 Poles in Russia which brought about a halt to Polish issue negotiations in San Francisco Mr Truman said he had no an nouncement about the arrested Poles at this time He cautioned reporters repeatedly not to muddy the waters asserting that every effort is being made to work the problem out There will be further discussion of the Polish situation at the big 3 meeting he added He said he hadnt heard a re port mentioned by one questioner that the London Polish govern ment had declared it would have nothing to do with the meeting that starts Friday in Moscow The chief executive said that Press Secretary Charles G Ross also would accompany him to the big 3 meeting and that he would do everything possible to see that American newspapers get equality of treatment as to the conference developments which in itself he added will necessarily besccret Subsequently the president re leased this written statement for direct quotation on the Hopkins Davies missions In order to secure nn inter change of views more satisfac torily and quickly than by cable I sent Mr Hopkins to Moscow and LONDON POLE REJECTS BIO TO MOSCOW Exile Government Miffed at Exclusion Announces His Decision London Zakowski one of 3 London Polish leaders in vited by the big 3 to a conference on the Polish question in Moscow rejected the invitation Wednesday Zakowskis action was an nounced by a spokesman for the Polish exile government in Lon don none of whose members was invited to the Moscow conference Exclusion of the exile regime generally was regarded as the signing of its death warrant so far as the United States and Brit ain were concerned Russia broke relations with the London Poles in 1943 Prime Minister Tadeusz Arcis zewski called a special session of the London cabinet Wednesday to consider future action The other 2 London Polish leaders invited to Moscow former Premier Stanislaw Mikolajczyk ol the exile regime and socialisl party leader Jan Stanczyk were expected to accept the big 3s bid and leave by plane Thursday The spokes man said Zakowski a socialist am social worker who never had been active politically had affirmed his allegiance to the London govern ment as the only body truly rep resentative of a majority of Poles It was reported that Zakowsk had written Arciszewski of his re fusal to accept the Moscow invi tation The governments spokesman said Arciszewski and his cabinc regretted that the proposed con ference cannot be truly represent ative There can be no doubt that this government represents a great ma jority of Poles both in London and abroad the spokesman said It is sadly significant that no representatives of the parties com posing this government in vited He expressed his conviction that Mikolajczyk would insist upon the release of 16 Polish leaders held by the red army for diversion ist activity as a preliminary re quirement for the forthcoming conference ars But it was too Jate Cliffscaling 7th division infan rymen held the eastern anchor of he Nipponese suicide line First division marines were astride a ridge at the western anchor 3 miles away And from the north American field artillery unleashed one of the heaviest barrages of the campaign against 2 concentrations of the 10000 to 15000 enemy troops dug into caves atop the Jlateau Fighting was so fierce that in 36 lours battling for the slope of one hill 137 men in a single marine company including all of its offi cers were killed or wounded That is more than half the companys strength Japanese including at least one woman in soldiers uniform charged marine lines during the night with satchel charges They blew up like firecrackers when hit U S infantrymen met counter attacks with machineguns and a brand new flamethrower tech nique Machineguns were packed to the top of the escarpment on the backs of Yanks scaling ropes hand over hand Tankmen brought flamespewing 500foot hose ex tensions connected to their tanks at the base of the cliff The Okinawa battle was so near ly ended that Tokyo turned its back on the mikados dying garri son 325 miles south of Japan The enemy radio instead switched its theme to the menace of a homeland invasion It quoted the Nippon Times as saying Japan will defend herself unflinchingly and unshakable aslong as her very existence and her sacred m London were invited to the Mr Davies to meeting the United States stll j Tneir discussions covered the recognizes the LondonPolish govj arrangcmcnts for lhc timc and place of the meeting of Prime ernment He expressed some concern when reporters sought to pin him down on detail as to the position of the London government Minister Churchiil Marshal Stalin and myself as to what would be most convenient for ail 3 Since their return Mr Hop rw T a tilGll IckllLlI ivll J1UP The president reminded hs j kins and Mr Davics have made uestioncrs that Russia had done their rcports to mc The resUHs some very pleasant yielding on this and some other questions and that all should keep their heads have been completely satisfactory id gratifying The nil important thing which AMI in MUIJUI Ltmi tiling wiiiuil The Russians he said are just confronts us is that the unity as anxious to get along with us I mutual confidence and respect as we arc with them j which resulted in the military vic 111 L1LU VII He would not give reporters any tory should be continued to mak the 40 day limit he announced at a news conference last Thurs day accompanied to the big 3 meeting by his personal chief of staff I Fleet Admiral William D Leahy Friends of Mikolajczyk said he also probably would inform Rus sia that the withdrawal of occu pation forces from Poland with the exception of those required for maintenance of supply lines woulcl contribute to the success of negotiations A joint big 3 statement issued simultaneously in London Wash ington and Moscow Tuesday night said the conference would begin Friday In addition to 3 London Poles the big 3 invited 4 representatives ot the sovietsupported Polish provisional government in War saw and 5 democratic leaders from within Poland to participate The latter group included Win centy Witcs peasant party leader and twice premier of Poland be fore the Pilsudski dictatorship The big 3s statement said the conference was being convened in accordance with the Crimean agreement to discuss the reorgani zation o the provisional govern ment at Warsaw on a broader basis that would permit jts recog nition by the United States and Britain Whitehall circles said the con ference largely was the result of British instigation despite reports attributing it to Harry L Hopkins who has just completed a mission to Moscow for President Truman British observers and diplomatic correspondents were cautiously optimistic over chances of the con ference for success Asked what would happen toiand representatives of the joint the Polish exiled government if a chiefs ot staff unified Polish government is set Congressional leaders arc to us as a result of the Moscow con ference he said it would go out of existence since the meeting is to set up a new government in which all could participate The president was hearty in his praise of the work of Davies and Hopkins crediting the later par ticularly with persuading the Russians to yield from their sland on the big five power veto at San make the trip he added in re sponse to a question Reverting again to the Polish problem Mr Truman said he hopes a free and democratic elec tion will be held in Poland as one result of the Moscow conference Bur your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy CHINESE PRICES TRIPLE Chungking Spokes man P M Chang said Wednesday that retail prices in China had more than tripled since the end o 1944 He said the retail price in dex for Chungking at the end o May was 1J435 times the price level at the time of the outbreak of war in July 1937 The index at the end of December of last year was 445 times the 1037 level The brilliant maneuver of the U S 10th army marines and soldiers on Okinawa entailing a night as cent up the sheer face of cliffs by ropes posed a threat which the Nipponese acknowledged by heavy counterattacks and intense fire from caves Nozzle guns of hose linked in 50foot sections shot tankfuelled fire into the caves nearest the Yank lines Shelter for the assault forces was poor The foe in the distant caves played a deadly game of peekaboo He withdrew deep in side as shells fell then he darted back to the mouth to pour forth machinegun fire Associated Press Correspondent Dopking told how elements of Inj Gen Archibald V Arnolds th infantry division got atop Hill 95 on the east flank of the escarp ment Monday by first spraying the summit with flames from a hose attached to a tank Then the Yanks climbed hand over hand up a rope attached to a boulder and won that strategic height southwest of Han nsrusuku Since then these 32nd regiment infantrymen have pushed down the south slope despite 1 cavy enemy fire Tuesday to tlie northwest of the 17lh regiment of he 7th used the same tactics at iight to ascend a cliff at the front of the plateau On the western end of the es carpment line at a point below toman town 1st division marines started at night up Kunishi ridge reached the top before daylight and were reinforced as the Japa nese sought vainly to dislodge them At last reports the 381st regi ment of Maj Gen James L Brad leys 96th infantry division were atop a forward nose on the es carpment near the center of the line Wednesdays fleet commun ique reported seizure by the SBths 383rd regiment of Yuza town and a push 200 yards south on the ap proaches to the escarpment A small Japanese force of navy men pinned against the south shore of Naha harbor and in a hopeless situation fought back with machineguns ripped from wrecked airplanes against the 6th marine division on Oroku pen insula Ninetyeight Japanese were killed during infiltration attempts Tuesday The enemy air force sent more planes to Okinawa Monday Wednesdays communique report ed losing 10 while succeeding in hitting a light surface 54th American vessel acknowl edged damaged in the area by air attack Twentyfive others have been sunk For the 3rd straight day Oki nawabased planes raided south ern Japan Tuesday attacking Kyushu airfields and downing four interceptors On the same day Liberators and Privateers of fleet air wing 18 also based at Okinawa sank 4 cargo ships near the Tokyo bay area off Honshu island ;