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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, June 12, 1947

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 12, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ANB ARCHIVES fttt HtlMfI I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Prpi and United Prras Fuji Lened Wirtg Fivi Cenu Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JUNE 12 This Paper Consist of Two One No 209 RED PARTY OUSTS FOES IN BULGARIA Last Wartime Ration Can Be Thrown Away After 5 Years of Use Washington last war imposed coupon control over the American public vanished Thurs day as sugar rationing for home restaurant and hotel use ended al midnight After 5 years in which ration stamps meant more than when it came to meat canned goods shoes tires gasoline and a host of other Americans are free of coupon wor ries for the first time since April 28 1942 The last ration book can be thrown away However sugar price controls remain So does rationing of in dustrial sugar But these 2 curbs are scheduled to end Oct 31 Secretary of Agriculture Ander son ordered the sugar ration end Wednesday thus beating the re publicancontrolled congress to the draw The house had set for a vote Thursday a bill calling for an immediate end to household sugar rationing A republican spokesman indica ted congress would go ahead with the bill to make sure no return to controls could be ordered Anderson said he had acted be cause larger quantities of sugar are available Asked by a reporter whether the pending congressional move influenced his action he said A better way to put it would be Did congress hurry it because it knew this action was coming Sugar was the first food ration ed and the last freed from coupon control Anderson gave 3 specific reasons for his action 1 The international emergency food council allotted the United States an extra 350000 tons from the world sugar pool 2 Cuba has a sugar surplus which is expected to ease demands from other parts of the world and 3 Some 200000 tons of Javanese sugar will be offered to world users immediately House Republican Leader Hal leek of Indiana saw Andersons action as a vindication of the po sition taken by republicans We republicans have been consistently working to eliminate unnecessary controls Halleck said in a statement I am happy to see that Secretary Anderson recognized the wisdom of our pro posed action The only remaining major con trol affecting individuals is that holding down rents Congress probably will pass a bill this week continuing modified rent controls for at least another 6 months However the same measure is expected to erase all restrictions over construction and building materials Require Baseball in Japan Magroya Japan Pre f ectural officials announced Thursday that Japanese high school students will be required to practice baseball at least 3 hours a week in connection with the physical education program Housewives Toss Away Sugar Coupons KEEP CONTROLS ON PRICES AND INDUSTRIAL USE Rain Drenches Virtually All Parts of Iowa By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Rain amounting in places to hard downpours drenched virtu ally all sections of Iowa Thursday and gave the prospect of renewec stream overflows especially along the Des Moines river valley anc in southwest Iowa The weather bureau said at midmorning however that on the basis of present conditions the flooding would be relatively mod erate as compared with the rec ordbreaking floods of late lasl week One of the heaviest rains was occurring in Des Moines where a steady pounding downpour which began Wednesday night had brought more than 260 inches of rain by 11 a m Thursday and still was continuing The weather bur eau said there was no indication that it would quit soon Due to the complete saturation of the soil throughout most of Iowa most of the water from the rains of Thursday and Wednesday night was rapidly running off into the stream and river drainage sheds At Ottumwa the DCS Moines river returned to within its banks Wednesday night and the stage there Thursday was a little under feet The weather bureau said rains would check the fall of the river below Des Moines as well as that of southern Iowa streams which were in flood the past week Precipitation figures reported to the weather bureau up to a rn Thursday included Alta 75 Carroll 82 Cherokee 73 Fort Dodge 67 Sioux City 64 Atlantic 172 Clarinda 220 Cres ton 126 Lamoni 122 Council Bluffs 142 Iowa Falls 35 Ot tumwa 69 Oskaloosa 78 Chariton 115 Osceola 153 A Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Heavy showers and thundershowers Thursday night ending Friday morning Some clearing and not so cool Friday Low Thursday night near 50 High Friday 6870 Iowa Occasional heavy showers and thundershowers Thursday afternoon ending in west por tion early Thursday night and in east portion late Thursday night Clearing and not so cool Friday Low Thursday night 45 northwest to 52 southeast High Friday 6870 Minnesota Mostly cloudy Thurs day night with rain in south and east central portions Thurs day night Heavy rain in south east and extreme south portion Not so cool in the north portion Thursday night Somewhat warmer in south portion Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics lor 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 61 Minimum 48 At 8 a m Thursday 47 Precipitation 08 YEAR AGO Maximum 84 Minimum 61 SOVIETS FIRE ON SWEDISH GROUP Kill Vienna Chief of Children Relief Mission Vienna soldiers ired on a Swedish relief mission ar Wednesday night and killed Arne Carlsson Vienna chief of the Swedish SavetheChildren organ zation A Swedish legation spokesman lere described the shooting as a deplorable accident and said no irotest would be lodged with the Russians in Vienna He added that a full report would be sent to the wedish foreign office Carlsson about 35 was killed by a rifle shot fired by a Russian entry near the Czechoslovak bor er Dr Thorsten Arneus chief of he Swedish relief mission to Aus ria was injured slightly in the ight hand by flying glass Carlssons wife and 3 year old on riding in the back seat es caped injury A legation official said Carlsson was enroute from Hungary to CzechoSlovakia At a Russian roadblock he turned the car around then started back when the Russian soldier shot from be hind the roadblock There is evidence that the Chi nese used coal long before the Christian era Mixed Weather Diet in US By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The nation had a diversified iveather diet Thursday ranging from snow in the Rockies and rain in the flooded midwest to unseasonable heat in the east Thelatest spring snow in the 75 year history of the Denver Colo weather bureau was reported there Lander Wyo had 6 inches ol and Cheyenne Wyo 5 with temperatures dropping to around 30 degrees Mountain highways however were reported open to traffic Snow was also reported at Sidney Chadron and Scotlsbluff Nebr and farmers feared damage to the wheat crop In the east the mercury was somewhat above normal the weather bureau said after record breaking heat Wednesday in some eastern points Richmond Va had a high of 97 degrees Wednesday and New York 95 Mississippi Missouri Flood Crests Race Toward St Louis Fear Disastrous Flood If 2 Rivers Crest at Same Time at Junction By UNITED PRESS Possibility of new flood disasters in Missouri and ILllinois hinged Thursday on rainfall and a race between the slow moving flood crests of the mighty Mississippi and Missouri rivers A disastrous flood was predicted in the St Louis area if the 2 rivers should crest simultaneously at their confluence at Alton 111 north of St Louis But the Mississippis crest held a good lead It was last reported north of Winfield Mo about 60 river miles from Alton and was expected to reach St Louis Friday The Missouri crest was reported about 110 miles from Alton It moved past Jefferson City early Thursday leaving behind 450000 acres of flooded farmlands Red Cross officials said their latest count showed more than 5000 persons still were homeless as a result of midwesterrifloods They said 3400 were homeless in Missouri and 17Z6 in Illinois Seventeen persons had drowned Levees along the Mississippi and Missouri now are holding the crests the coast guard reported The last levee break on the Mississippi was at Ashburn Mo where the embankment suddenly gave way Wednesday under pres sure from the Salt River as it soured into the Mississippi behind he crest The coast guard rushed small boats into the area and lelped evacuate the 150 residents rom the inundated town No cas ualties were reported Rains were reported by the Kan sas City weather bureau Thurs day morning in northern Missouri and southeastern Iowa River ex erts predicted that if they con inue there may be some slight upstream flooding along the snak ng Missouri However the crest had passed n the northern sections rivermen said and rains were not likely to lave much effect in those areas vhere flood waters are receding The effect would be greater they said if rain fell near crest areas At St Louis army engineers said Vlissouri river levee breaks along a 60mile stretch between Glas gow and Boonville had reduced he flood threat to Hermann and St Charles by flattening the crest ut over a larger area Sister Kenny Leaves Moscow Moscow Elizabeth left Moscow Thursday by ilane to continue her European our after receiving assurances from the Russians that they would ooperate with the Elizabeth enny Institute at Minneapolis in ombatting infantile paralysis Find Evidence Flies Carry Polio Virus Atlantic City UPJ New dence that flies can carry evi and transmit the virus of infantile par alysis was reported Thursday by 2 Michigan scientists Dr Thomas Francis Jr and Gordon C Brown of the Univer sity of Michigan medical school told the American Medical asso ciation that the fly probably ob tains the virus from cesspools They told of experiments with wild mice rats muskrats cats chickens cows and many but only the fly was determined definitely to be a carrier Truman Urges Extension of Credit Curbs Washington Tru man recommended Thursday that congress pass a bill permitting continuance of controls on con sumer credit in peacetime Unless congress does this Mr Truman said he plans to end the present regulations based on war time legislation These regulations under executive order fix the size of down payments and fix the length of time in which the bal ance due must be paid by install ments These controls affect purchases of such things as household goods refrigerators and automobiles Mr Trumans views were stated in a letter to Marriner S Eccles chairman of the federal reserve board which wields the controls on installmentbuying redit Ec cles read the letter to the house banking committee Eccles has asked the committee to pass a measure giving the re serve board power to continue op eration of controls in peacetime Mr Trumans letter said I hope that the congress will enact the necessary legislation to retain restraints upon excessive expansion which results in exces sive contraction of consumer cred it thereby making for economic instability reduced production and unemployment If the congress does not see fit o provide the necessary legisla tive authority it is my intention to vacate the executive order be cause I do not believe that such regulations should rest indefinite ly in peacetime on emergency or war powers after the congress has lad ample opportunity to consider he subject On the average 105 boys Horn for each 100 girls Conferees for Rent Control Until Feb 29 Washington conferees have agreed on a bill extending rent controls through next Feb 29 but permitting voluntary increases up to 15 per cent if landlords and tenants sign leases running through 1948 Before it reaches Mr Trumans desk the measure still must re ceive approval of the full house and senate In announcing the agreement Wednesday Senator Buck R Del said members of the con ference will take a final look at the bill at another meeting before reporting it to their respective chambers The present rent control law expires June 30 The length of the extension was the final major point agreed upon Wednesday The conferees accept ed the senateapproved date of Feb 29 The house okayed a flat extension to Dec 31 with a pro vision that the president could proclaim an additional 3month extension if he considered this necessary The house also gave way on a senate provision that the new law should be administered by the of fice of the housing expediter The house wanted to turn it over to a permanent government agency to be designated by the president House conferees won out how ver on a provision in their bill to wipe out all government con trols over commercial construc tion and allocation of materials after June 30 The senate bill had authorized the housing expediter to require permits for commercial construc tion This was knocked out in conference and the finalversion permits only for amusement and recrea tional construction The bill also provides that hous ing units completed or converted to housing purposes on or after last Feb 1 shall be freed It retains a senate provision for the establishment of local advis ory boards to recommend raising or abandonment of rent ceilings Members of these boards would be recommended by governors of the states and named by the house expediter HOUSE TO PROBE REDS IN UNIONS UnAmerican Committee to Observe Wallace Talk Washington iP The house committee on unAmerican activi ties decided Thursday to start hearings June 23 on what Chair man J Parnell Thomas J described as infiltration of com munists into the labor unions Witnesses Thomas announced will be members of the CIO Elec trical Workers union from Bridge port Conn Schenecladjv N Y and New York City Thomas announced also that the committee unanimously approved a report on the southern confer ence for human welfare which will be released to newspapers for publication Sunday The committee plans to send several observers to a meeting here Monday sponsored by the conference at which Henry A Wallace will speak t NINE TRUCKS IN LINE FOR trucks were at the American Crystal Sugar company plant in Mason City Thursday morning as dealers in the Mason City trade territory prepared to handle the needs of customers as ra tioning went out Such scenes as this have been common at the sugar plant the past 3 weeks as dealers stocked up to meet demand created by customers who made use of their stamps and in anticipation that rationing would soon be removed The movement of sugar has been so heavy that the company facilities for packaging it were not able to keep up and much has gone out in 100 pound bags The company started the season with close to half million bags Grocers reported no heavy demand for sugar Thurs day in Mason City Most of the buying has been by cus lopers who got behind in their supply on the stamp quotas HIGH TENSION TOTTER An attempted emergency landing brought this plane to a swinging end on high ten sion wires near Teterboro airport N J Wednesday after noon Student Pilot Clark Foster scrambled tosafety down the lower wing as fire broke out on the top wing Expect Russia to Reject or Hamstring U S Investigation Diplomatic Authorities Feel America Will Take Hungary Coup Before UN By JOHN M HIGHTOWER Washington fP Diplomatic authorities freely predicted Thursday that Russia will either reject outright or try to hamstring the American demand for a big 3 inquiry into the communist grab in Hungary In either event these officials declared the United States in all probability will carry the case to the United in some manner designed to focus the spotlight on Soviet activities all through the Balkans This country laid the foundation for such an appeal Wednesday night when it made public a blistering protest charging Mos cow with flagrant interference in Hungarian affairs and demand ing a 3power investigation of po litical conditions in Hungary as a matter of urgency The note was sent to Brig Gen George H Weems American member of the allied control com mission in Budapest for delivery to Lt Gen V P Sviridov rank ing Soviet member and acting chairman of the commission Weems had the note delivered at Sviridovs office before noon It was received by Maj Gen I I Levushkin aide to the ranking Soviet general a Budapest dis patch said The note itself said simply that unless there were an adequate investigation by an AngloAmer ican Russian commission the United a signer of the Yalta declaration and the armis tice with Hungary and as a mem ber of the United consider further action Because this virtually put Rus sia on notice of an impending appeal to the U N some officials said the Soviets might agree for mally to a 3power inquiry but then try to put roadblocks in the commissions path This government is in no mood for any such stalling tactics they added The speculation that the if it is carried to the U not be confined to Hungary alone gained weight when the state de partment lashed out at recent de velopments in sovietdominated Bulgaria just before it made pub lic the Hungarian protest note A department press release Wednesday denounced as arbi trary the arrest of Nicola Petkov member of the Bulgarian parlia ment and strongest anticom munist leader in the country While the American statement hreatened no action in this case t asserted that when Petkov is Drought to trial on charges of con spiring with subversive elements o overthrow the government the communist government in Bul also will be on trial both Before its own people and in the opinion of all freedom supporting peoples fulside Bulgaria In connection with the possible Broadened appeal to the United Nations it was reported authori tatively hat the state department has the whole American policy in southeastern Europe under review The objective is to discover what lines of future action might be more effective than the lengthy series of futile protests sent to Moscow and other communist cap itals over the past few years Officials are known to be con vinced that the situation by which the communists ousted a noncom munist party and took power in Hungary is not an isolated case They consider that it fits into a pattern of strengthening the com munist hold throughout that part of Europe MARSHALL HITS BILL ON WOOL Says Tariff Will Hurt World Trade Negotiation Washington IP Secretary o State Marshall reiterated Thurs day his belief that the compromise bill permitting higher tariffs or import restrictions on wool will hinder efforts to reach satisfactory world trade agreements He told his news conference that such legislation will compli cate current efforts at Geneva to work out new trade agreements and set up an International trade organization Marshall declined to tell re porters whether he will recom mend that President Truman veto the measure if it reaches his desk in its present form He expressed disappointment however in ac tion of the house and senate con ferees who reached agreement on provisions of the bill Wednesday The measure would allow sale of the governments 430000000 pound stockpile of wool and pro vide for import fees if foreign wool shipments interfere with the domestic market Baby Plunges 100 Feet Down Ravine in Buggy But Gets Only Scratches New York Owen Kelly Jr had only a scratched forehead Thursday to show for his 100foot plunge down a ravine in his baby buggy The carriage was destroyed SAME White flag means no traffic death in past 24 hour period PETKOV GROUP OF 23 PURGED BY ASSEMBLY Legislators Formed Chief Opposition to Communist Front Bloc Sofia Bulgaria Bul garia grand national assembly Wedensday night expelled 23 leg islators of the ePtkov Agrarian party members who formed chief opposition to the communistdom inated fatherland front bloc The assembly voted that the 23 had resigned voluntarily but all 23 in a final statement to parlia ment contended that we do not resiitn Nikola Petkov now under arrest on charges of plotting against the state is the partys general secre tary The assembly adopted a reso lution saying that the Agrarians owing to voluntary resignation have lost prestige and are no lon ger members of the grand national assembly The assembly voted that the 23 members would be succeeded by an equal number of opposition representatives whose names had appeared in the election lists October 1946 The assembly was told Wednes day that a government prosecu tors investigation of Petkovs private papers had disclosed Pct kov held the written resignations of the 23 Agrarian members ad dressed to the assembly It was not stated why the documents never reached the assembly The parlia ment was told merely that the resignations were submitted orig inally to the Agrarian partys ex ecutive committee and then re ferred to Petkov A majority oE the deputies then took the stand that the 23 had abdicated their personal rights and given up their rank as deputies In their final plea all 23 told the parliament that all the Agrar ian deputies had deposited such declarations with the party ex ecutive adding that this was the partys practice and was our in ternal party affair The IJ S state department Wednesday denounced Petkovs arrest suggesting that Bulgaria in trying him would herself be on trial before the bar of public opinion The Political Handbook of the World says the Bulgarian par liament has a total of 465 mem bers 99 of them members of the united opposition Ninety of the 99 opposition members are listed as Petkov Agrarians The father land front bloc is dominated by its 279 Bulgarian workers com munist party members The mi nor parties include 69 Agrarians not affiliated with the Petkov group Party Leader in Hungary Hits Red Rule Budapest H u n ga r y prominent member of parliament denounced the new communist controlled government Thursday and called on the small holders party to adopt communist tactics if it ever hoped to set up a real democracy in Hungary Freedom Party Leader Deszo Sulyok mado a sarcastic hour long denunciation of the new re gime set up after the resignation of Premier Fcrenc Nary He said it had made Hungary a police state The wildest and most objec tionable political terror reigns in Hungary he said There is no freedom of press assembly or opinion Deputy Speaker Istvan Kossa a communist leader and secretary general of the trades union coun cil arbitrarily adjourned parlia ment until next Wednesday when Sulyok concluded his speech The action caused a great up roar among the anticommunist members who charged that Kossa was trying to silence 2 other op position members who had sched uled speeches Wholesale Food Price Index Shows Increase New York wholesale food price of Dun Bradstreet moved higher this week to compared with the previous week and on the correspond ing date last year It was the 3rd consecutive week in which the index has moved up The index representing the sum total price a pound of 31 foods reached its historic high March 4 at Its low point this year was May 20 ;