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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 11, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THf NtWSfAKR THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NCIGH1ORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JUNE 11 VLH IVWA fKiifATL JUJNE 11 1943 THIS PAPOI CONSISTS or TWO SECTION ONE NO 210 PANTELLERIA SURRENDERS WITH OPERATORSARE ENDED BY UMW Walkout Fines Imposed on Miners Bring Threat of New Coal Stoppage WASHINGTON Th United Mine Workers voted Fridaj to put a formal end to the fruitles contract negotiations they havi been holding with operators Meanwhile valkout fines imposec on the miners brought threats o still another strike While Ezra Van Horn chair man of the operatorminer joint conference merely declared a recess in the sessions the union took the position that they are ended The UMW explained that fail ure of operators to attend prompted its action Van Horn read a telegram from the operators saying they woulc not return to negotiations until the war labor board WLB has acted in the controversy N War labor board coolness to ward wage increase agreement between the united mine irork ers and a Pennsylvania group of contributed JV tenseneu of the situation V fed fines Thurs day They followed terms of the old U M W contract SI a day each miner for each day he is off the job without a valid rea son In this case the men away five days The money goes to charity Although miners were idle five consecutive days it appearec they would be fined only for ab sences on the first four days The fifm day was a Saturday anc Ickes said the contracts generally made Saturday work optiona with the miners making fines in applicable for that day In another development the voted to put a formal enc to the futile negotiating conference because it said of failure of the operators to attend conference sessions The vote was taken Friday morning when Ejra Van Horn chairman of the conference read a telegram from the oper ators sayinz they would not re turn nntU the WLB had handed down its decision Only the con ference officers and UMW rep resentatives were present UMW spokesmen said that al though Van Horn merely declared a oneday recess the miners vote supplied the coup de grace to the conference and meant that if col lective bargaining is resumed a new conference will have to be set UP Ickes pointed out that the gov ernment ordered the old contract continued when negotiations were deadlocked over U M W Presi dent John L Lewis demands for S2 a day pay boosts The union contended through a number of spokesmen however that the fines were illegal because the con tract had expired Pennsylvania West Virginia Tennessee and Kentucky union officials warned that the govern ment fines would be resented by the men Several came out flat ly with a prediction of another walkout and Lewis summed up his opinion of Ickes order in these words An unwarranted illegal act which takes nearly 53000000 worth of food from the fingers and mouths of children of the mining brutal application of economic sanctions against free citizens another step toward political tyranny in America The men are working under a truce that expires midnight June 20 Lewis ordered them back last Monday with that stipulation OTFEKS DIAMONDS HOLLYWOOD West offered to give part of large diamond collection to the govern ment Friday for use in war work The buxom actress said she real ized the stones probably would have to be cut but felt they ouyhl lo be put to some service fmr War FAREWELL FOR MEMPHIS BELLE Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Scattered thun dershowers Friday afternoon Friday night and Saturday forenoon seasonable tempera tures OWA Showers and scattered thunderstorms north and east portions Friday afternoon anc east portion Saturday forenoon somewhat warmer northeas portion Friday night and Satur day forenoon Fresh winds Fri day afternoon MINNESOTA Thundershowers north and east portions Friday night and northwest and ex treme north portions Saturday forenoon Continued mild IN MASON CITY HobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 77 Minimum Thursday night 53 At 8 a m Friday 60 Ran 27 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation U 57 Green Must lit Living oosts in U S WASHINGTON Predict ng a spontaneous revolt of vage earners unless living costs re cut President William Green f the American Federation of Labor AFL told a senate com mittee Friday a early subsidy is necessary to oil back living costs to levels of 3 months ago The only alternative the AFL hief said is to increase the 15 Kr cent little steel formula con rolling wage increases per cent or per cent of our failure to cut he cost of living down to the lay 1942 level The workers of the nation eel that their government has one back on its promise to ex end them equality of treatment n the cost of living control said Unless immediate and express ction is taken to carry out the olicy pledged and promised to ic wage earners of the nation a loespread protest and spooUnc us revolt on the part orkers against the rising cost of ving is inevitable Churchill Remark That Its Worth Trying to Bomb Axis Into Submission Gets Support Surrender By DeWITT MACKENZIE World War Analyst Italian island fortress of Pantelleria nd sea represents first offensive against the axis bottleneck MACKENZIE suffering the terrible losses in men and materiel which would inevitably have attended inva sion without such prepara tion So far so good It now remains to be seen whether this first tri umph really represents the efficacy of this method of at tackIts a thrilling moment for we aie wit nessing a historic experiment Time alone can prove the point but Fridays success certainly should boost the stock of British Prime Minister Churchills dry remark recently before the joint session ot congress that the idea of bombing the axis into sub mission worth trying any way The submission of Pantelleria removes a grave menace to allied shipping from the narrow channel which the allies must control for further operations in the Metlitcr ancan This volcanic island which Mussolini fortified heavily a few years ago is small in size but bin n importance It provides a stepping stone in the direction or il duccs unhappy country As things have been omg one would expect to see bombing of the great islands of Sicily and Sardinia stepped un now If the allies continue as they have started they will proceed methodically with their opera ions They will go as fast as is Feasible but wont be rushed Naturally everybody is looking across the islands toward Italy Secretary of State Cordell Hull may have been speaking with rpphetic voice when he referred timcly enti lo which he Mussolini is rapidly approaching Actually while we want to Italy in allied hands as soon as possible it already is so battered in morale that its far from the threat it used to be From the standpoint of security the allies neednt rush invasion of the Ital ian mainland if they dont want to Mussolinis country has be come a pain in the neclc to Hitler and the united nations wont find H an undiluted blessing cither Drives on Visit to Son in Army Loses A Gasoline Rations NEW YORK J Passera called before the OPA for motoring to Atlantic City on Memorial day said he was visit ing his son in the army Told that there was adequate rail service Passera said But if I had gone on the train I would have been killed The train that day crashed outside of Camden N J killing 14 persons His A ra tion book was suspended until Aug 21 Refugee Children From London Pick Up Brooklyn Accent NEW YORK hope of Morris Barnelt a cook on a Brit ish merchantman was that his ship would someday sail into New York harbor to permit him to see his two children who were evac uated in 1940 from London He saw them nard 7 and Myra hes happy but One thing bothers me Their Brooklyn accent is killing me Sardinia and Sicily Look for Assaults LONDON allied ail and naval fleets that reduced bombblasted Pantelleria and vir tually eliminated Lnmpedusa in the Mediterranean war thealer Friday wedged an invasion spear head into the outer fringe of axis European defenses and appeared ready for a major clash with the Italian navy Sicily and bath a major assault dispatches from Madrid said and the Jonirhiddeii fascist iiavv is being readied to join with axis air forces in defense of the biRtesl stepping slone islands to Italy Whether the Italian naval forces would come out and fight now that he steel ring drawn around axis Europe was being closed on their home territory still was un certain but recent dispatches from Malta said that British naval sources expected a stiff tussle with Italian sea forces especially the small units Italian torpedo boats have played an important role in some phases of the Mediterranean war and the fascists have put great emphasis on their development Italy has six of which were attacked by US Hying fortresses last week at Spe perhaps ISliaht cruisers as well as a considerable number of destroyers British sources have taken the position that the Italian naval forces mfeht be sacri ficed m a final jrand attempt to block an allied invasion in the Mediterranean That they believe would be jfood strategy from the axis viewpoint durinr Ihe first 4ft hours of any ma jor attempt lo invade southern Europe Shprlage ot fuel oil generally was believed tohave been one of the main reasons for the inactiv ity of the Italian fleet in the pnst but it would have sufficient for a final splurge when the show down comes It was considered important however that the allied threat can be directed against more than one point not only in the Medi terranean but in northern Euiopc CHINESE MARK UP SUCCESSES Capture Town Northwest of Jap Base of Ichang By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Generalissimo Chiang Kai Siicks triumphant armies were officially credited Friday with new successes in fighting along the upper Yangtze river front as Chinese troops stormed and cap tured a town northwest of the main Japanese base of Ichang Dispatches said the Chinese oc cupied Wangchiachang after an allnight battle in which 300 Japanese troops were killed Other Chinese columns broke into Yingshan important Japa nese stronghold 90 miles north west of Hankow inflicting heavy casualties in street fighting Chinese authorities royally en tertained U S army flyers who disrupted Japanese troop move ments destroyed supply columns blasted gun positions lo help forge the great Chinese victory on the upper Yangtze last week In the southwest Pacific Gen Douglas nineArthurs bombers dropped 40 tons of explosives among more than 100 Japanese planes in a fourwave attack on the enemy base at Rabaul New Britain setting 19 fires visible for 50 miles On the Burma front RAF raid ers pounded the Japanese army leadquarters at Kalewa with ombs and machinegun fire at lacked motor transport and river shipping and bombed enemy strongholds at Rathedaung and Buthedaung With monsoon rains prevailing the land front was quiet AWAITING CALL DIES DES MOINES Hoi 20 Minneapolis Minn who was awaiting a call into the ma DRASTIC ANTI STRIKE BILL IS VOTED IN HOUSE Approve Legislation Aimed Primarily at Current Coal Dispute W A S H I N G T O N house Friday adopted a drastic antistrike bill which if enacted would make it legally possible to semi John L Lewis to jail in event of another coal strike It approved the senutehouse conference agreement on legis lation aimed primarily at the coal dispute but broad enough prevent or delay strikes in all war plants The vote was announced as 219 to The action places the bill in position for final congressional ac tion in the senate late Friday or early next week Its enactment however depends on presidential approval Opponents of the bill hope that Mr Roosevelt will veto it The measure would back up with specific authority President Roose velts action hi seizing the coal mines Any one who encourages or aids a strike in a government seizecl mine or warplant would be liable to a fine orone years imprisonment or both This is the provision that could be applied to Lewis and other coal strike leaders The bill nlso Provides the war labor board with statutory powers including authority to force the appearance of witnesses Lewis repeatedly has refused the boards orders to ap pear before it on the coal dispute Prohibits the calling of a strike in any war plant pending a 30 day strike notice and a secret bal lot among employes Makes it unlawful for labor unions to make political con tributions to candidates seeking office in a federal election Requires the WLB to keep its rulings within the confines of na tional labor relations act provi requirement which some members believe will prevent the board from issuing closed shop or maintenanccofunion membership orders De Gaulle Has Tried to Quit Committee LONDON usually re liable American source said Fri day that Ccn Charles DC Gaulle lias offered his resignation from the French committee of National Liberation but the committee had not yet accepted it Gen Georges Catroux was un derstood to be trying to persuade De Gaulle to withdraw his resig nation arguing that he accepted a olace on the committee and there tore should abide by the commit tees decisions De the fighting French eader is cochairman of the com mittee of liberation formed in Al giers with Gen Henri Honore firaud He was reported reliably icre to be insistent on command ing the French army F R Blames Duce and Not Italian Public WASHINGTON Roosevelt declared Friday that the surrender of Pantelleria was very good news ancLat the same lime he appealed indirectly but strongly to Italy to get out of the war f y lie told a press conference that the united nations could assure the Italian people the opportunity of choosiuf the kind of nonnazi nonfascist government they Want estab lished after fascism has been put down and the Germans have been driven from their territory H is the hope and intention of the united nations Mr Roose velt said that Italy be restored to nationhood md take her place as a respected member of the European family o nations The chief executive made it obvious that he considered Mus solini and his aides responsible for the position of Italy in the war rather than the Italian people Her said the present ef fects of the AngloAmerican cam paign against Italy was the in evitable result of the ruthless course Mussolini had followed in the past few years In forming a military alliance with Germany Mr Roosevelt declared Mussolini betrayed his own country in a struggle for personal power and aggrandisement Mussolinis acts were not those of the Italian people he went on but succession of acts committed by the duccs per fascist retime The people of Ihe country he said are largely devoted to peace Mussolinis whole policy was illustrated Mr Roosevelt as serted by his declaration of war against France and Britain Harking back to the day three years ago when Italy look this step the president recalled that he had termed it then a stab in the back The allies ho said have no choice but to pursue the war against Italy and Mussolini until they have achieved complete vic tory Only when he Gtrmanshuve ueen driven out and fascism abolished will the good judK ment of Ihe Italian people make itself evident he said The president received word Friday morning from Gen Duiqht D Eisenhower that Pantelleria one of Italys island bastions in the Mediterranean had raised the wmte flag of surrender Appnr enlly surrender came because of a rack of water on the island he b3 ICl He thought it worth while Mr Kooscvclt said to point out the island had been taken without apparently any loss of life atJ though he did not know whether a landing had been mdde before the capitulation Italians called PanteUciia their rock of Gibraltar he said and had done a great deal of boasting about it and about how it dominated the narrows of the Mediterranean fow he said it is in British and American hands He went on hen to discuss Mussolini Italy and the possi bilities for setting up a non government after victory referring to notes which he said he had started to write out some lime ago mSP shows how allied have pound i s ave poun Italian outposts of which Pantelieria surrendered Fii hl i the island of Lampedusa ISLE GIVES UP AFTER FURIOUS AERIAL ATTACK Destruction by Air Reaches New High in History on Fortress AN ADVANCED U S FKJHTEK BASE North Africa American lightning fighters broke up an attempt by from 50 lo 69 German dive bombers to smash British forces landing on Pantelleria after the garrison of the Italian island sur rendered Friday ALLIED HEADQUAR TERS IN NORTH AFRICA AP Aerial bombardment of the greatest fury the world had over known com pelled the little island for tress ot Pantelleria to sur render unconditionally Fri day but British troops land ing under the cover of naval guns had to tight 22 minutes against scattered enemy de fenders The strategic stepping stone some 60 miles from Sicily and 15 from Africa was occupied at p m a m central war time after a noon landing by assault forces 20 min utes after the display of white flags on Panfellerias hills and a white cross on its air field The axis garrison com mander it is believed was unable to inform all his Expecr Lampedusa Also to Surrender LONDON British mili observers said Friday peeled he surrender of Italian island of 80 miles south of was raided by British scouttnr party earlie nrohhl f fa lsolale1 and probably 1S short of troops of the decision to capitulate before the actual invasion began and isolated gun posts fought on briefly British cruisers and destrover Innlet shells at scattered pS iV jSistanccas assault boats bore Ihe British infantrymen ashore bj air sea and a crernms barrage hy hun nrcns of allied bombers which laid waste the area about Pan lellena harbor and town in and complete devas tation reduced the enemy defenses to pitiful weakness London estimated ROM were in the island garrison Panlclleria depended partly for water and supplies from Sicily and the population was reported 0 have been stricken by a water aminc With the cightbyfourmile is land engulfed in dust and acrid smoke the senior Italian officer lad sent this message surrender through lack water It was the first time in history that an enemy island fortress gave n lo an air force ultimatum for surrender No destructive achieve ment in the record of the German air force matches this This rine of fortified islands guarding southern Europe from invasion is ruptured The capitulation came after 19 days of air raid 13 days of which were officially termed an alloat offensive supported by a series of naval bombardments Besides setting a new pattern for air warfare in these 13 days allied airmen destroyed 78 axis planes in he period while los 12 The climactic raids on Pan telleria Thursday and Thurs day night were described here as the greatest aliied air attack of the war in point of bomb tonnage dropped on a target of similar size The island 32 square miles n area and formed by it long ;