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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 11, 1942, Mason City, Iowa C 0 DC PA nr Or H i T Y A N a ARCHIVES NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UOTTED PRESS FUIi USASED VTIRES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JUNE 11 1942 PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE U S Russia and Britain Agree on Yank Pilots Who Smashed Jap Fleet Tell Epic Storv NO 208 2ND FRONT COOL COURAGE FAST DECISIONS ARE REVEALED Land Based Aircraft Display Unusual Powers in Making Attacks By CLARK LEE GENERAL EMMONS HEAD QUARTERS Territory of Hawaii of the epic story of the battle of Mid way was told Thursday by American army pilots who with navy and m a i i n e flyeis smashed Admiral Yama riotos fleet and saved the H a a i i a n islands from It is a story of cool courage and firm deter the unbeatable com bination of American men and machines Its moral is that American planes alone may not win the the boys flying Ameri can planes and their companions on land and sea and thcce Americans who are work jingahd sacrificing to produce the tools for the war machine American boys Jonsht until they were dizzy for lack of sleep and feept fighting Planes did things they never were built lo do and stood the test Too the total number was not cans died But in dying Ihey took enemies down in flames with them This part or the story is that of the armys landbased aircraft and for them the battle started the afternoon of June 3 when they got in the first punch Two huge Japanese fleets were approaching Midway one consist ing principally of transports from the west and the other of the bat tle fleet from another direction Gen Willis H Hale of Colo rado Springs commander of the Hawaiian bombardment command told how Americans got in the lirst decisive blow Army bombers made their first contact with the enemy far fo the west of Midway the afternoon of June 3 Bombs dropped in a medium altitude attack hit and damaged one cruiser or battleship which was left in flames as were also one transport and one destroyer V The following morning army planes took off anticipating that Japanese planes from the second army enemy was much closer than the force bombed the previous would hit the island Marine fly ers also hopped off and were in the air when the Japanese ar rived Twenty minutes later marine dive bombers swarmed down on Japanese ships adding further destruction navy divebombers and torpedo planes also attacked about the same time but the de tails have not been released ffi it it At a m army heavy tacked the Japanese battle fleet from a high attitude hitting one carrier possibly the army bombers also damaged other enemy vessels inasmuch as at the lime of writing all the re ports still were not y y y Meanwhile Japanese planes from carriers were attacking Midway Their first attack made at high level with heavy demolition bombs lasted 38 minutes and was directed against both Sand island and the nearby eastern island which together comprise Midway Japanese divebombers then slipped out of the sun and at tacked Midways ground installs tions while pursuit planes fol lowed with strafing attacks A least 180 enemy planes parfici pated in the attacks Marine fighters engaged the enemy planes and the marine ground defenders cut loose with everything from antiaircraft to sidearms The Japanese did not bomb runways apparently expecting to BRIG GEN IV H HALE occupy the islands and use them Tor an airbase Shortly after the Japanese ithdrew the American planes aturned to refuel and take on more bombs This was lie critical period of the entire battle for our landbased airforce said Gen eral Hale But the enemy didnt come back They were too busy pro tecting themselves From then on the Japanese were with drawing and it was a series of mopping operations The army heavy bombers safe ly completed refueling and re arming and took off again They located the Japanese battle force once more in the afternoon and damaged one heavy cruiser and possibly another Col Waiter C Sweeney Jr of San Francisco son of Maj Gen Walter C Sweeney led the squad ron of flying fortresses in attacks both on June 3 and 4J His father General Sweeney came out of re tirement this week to accept ap pointment as commander of the California state guard and the state militia Colonel Sweeney told of the at tacks from close up giving tiiis account We first contacted the enemy far out in the Pacific on the afternoon of June 3 There were over 20 Japanese ships lined in columns with big ships in the center We circled to the westward and came in with the sun at our backs NAZIS DECLARE BIR HACHEIM IN DESERT TAKEN Claim Southern Anchor of 50 Mile British Defense Line Captured BULLETIN CAIRO June British command announced Thursday night that on the orders of General Ritchie the garrison of Bir mer anchor of the British line in withdrawn during the nighl of June 1011 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Adolf Hitlers high command as serted Thursday that axis troops had captured Bir Hacheim south ern anchor of the 50mile British defense line in North Africa while British headquarters declared that Free French defenders had beaten off a new series of assaults on the key outpost The nazi communique said The fort of Bir Hacheim southern pillar the British de fensive system was Thursday morning taken by storm after scv iral days of bitter resistance by itrong enemy units encircled there The Free French commander of the garrison re jected six axis demands for sur render Confirmation of the German claim was lacking elsewhere and like past nazi claims may be premature London military quarters said they had no infor mation to substantiate the Ger man report British general headquarters said British armored and motor ized forces supported by RAF planes aided the Free French in repulsing Field Marshal Erwin Rommels furious tank assaults on Bir Hacheim all day Wednesday The German claim if true ap parently would mean that the British flank had been placed in considerable danger and might mean a rearrangement of the whole British front British military circles con ceding the possibility that Bir Hacheim had fallen said the immediate effect would be to re lieve Alarshal Rommels supply difficulties around the British left flank These quarters said the position was not regarded as vital to the Early Morning Farewell Given Draftees Here When the Japs sighted us they immediately deployed each ship turning individually trying fran tically to avoid attack We were at a medium altitude of clouds and antiai craft was soon spitting at us It was far more accurate than we expected and many of our planes were bounced around a bit but none was seriously damaged We picked out as our targets the biggest ships in sight and laid our bombs in a pattern Our bom bardiers and rear gunners saw direct hits on one cruiser one transport and possibly a second cruiser One of our planes also re ported hitting a battleship Frankly didnt stay around too long to check up Antiaircraft fire was makinc things hot and we left in a hurry We really were happy as we headed home We had our fin Of bnttlp anri Vinrl Japs a power Over the interplane radios the gang was full ot life and pep W knew no fighters were in the air since there had been no carriers among the Jap ships so there was nothing to worry about enroute home We landed at our base and crews started immediately to get the ships in shape lor the fol lowing morning We knew the Japs would be over then Pilots snatched a little sleep since in the air they have to be awake all the time while others are able to doze a bit We hopped off he next morning at dawn under orders to attack the same enemy force We climbed way up and head ed on oul After a sliort while new orders came over the radio and we were told to atack even a larger Japanese batllcfront FIRE ON BOAT IN NJ PUT OUT Origin Suspicious as Cargo of Rubber Tires Is Threatened by Blaze British goal is mored forces campaign to destroy whose main the axis ar FITTER FIGHT RAGES NEAR SEVASTOPOL In the Russian campaign bilte fighting raged in the seven day old German offensive against Se vastopol Russias big Crimean naval base with 10 nazi divisions of perhaps 150000 troops thrown into the attack A bulletin from Hitlers field headquarters which Wednesday claimed that axis siege forces had lunged deep into Sevastopols for tification system declared Thurs day that the Russians were making desperate counterattacks anc were being repulsed Sevastopol is the last soviet stronghold in the Crimea and apparently Hitler is intent on knocking it out before attempt ing a thrust into the Caucasus oil fields to he cast Soviet dispatches said the axi drive against Sevastopol wa nt t ii j i dgainsu Sevastopol Jao a iVe f SVCn the stallcd but acknowledgedI that h Jao a taste of our striking German armies again had laket the initiative in the battlescarre sector of Kharkov Russias Pitts burgh inthe Ukraine 400 miles south of Moscow A large group of draftees from selective service board No 1 of Ceno Gordo county were given an early morning farewell by a few hundred Mason Cityans as they left for induction Thursday morning at 6 oclock Shown above are the selectees as they posed lor the photographera moment before leaving Seventeen civic and veterans organizations sponsored the farewell for the draftees and cacli selectee was given an Eversharp pencil and two packs of cigarets Lock photo Kaycnay engraving Bill Boosting Privates Pay to Sent to Roosevelt NEW fire uspicious origin broke out Wed nesday on the S S Irene Dupont which tlic fire department re ported was being loaded with 1 cargo of rubber lives aviation oil and cartridges at its Brooklyn pier The fire department dispatched two fireboals to fight the blaze which it said was discovered at a m EWT in the No 2 hatchway of the ship and was raging betweendecks Huge clouds of dense smoke were pouring from the stricken vessel tied at pier 2 at the foot of Columbia street in Brook lyn The third naval district public relations office authorized use the story including the ships name The fire was brought under control within an hour and fire officials said that it had been confined to a section of the ships general cargo No one was working on the freighter at the time of the fire and police said no one was in jured Police reported to the fire mar shals office that the fire might be of suspicious origin and the fire marshal and police began an in vestigation The S S Irene Duponl is a ship of 6400 tons and was launched in 1941 WASHINGTON sen of ate completed congressional ap proval Thursday of a military wage which was already close lo Midway That change didnt puzzle our navigator Lieut Bill Adams of San Bernardino Cal who as far as Im concerned is the best navi gator in the world He did a su perior job throughout as did the navy patrol bombers which had the enemy located perfectly and gave Adams information which enabled him to take us straight io our targets Adams told me we would reach ontargets at 34 minutes after the hour and sure enough we hit it lo the minute Capt Paul Payne of DCS Moines Iowa sighted the cnnmy first through broken Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Occasional show ers and thunderstorms Thurs day afternoon and Thursday night Not much change in tpnri perature Thursday afternoon through Friday forenoon IOWA Not much change in tem perature afternoon through Friday forenoon Occa sional showers and thunder storms in east portion Thursday afternoon and Thursday night MINNESOTA Scattered shower and thunderstorms Thursday afternoon and early Thursday night Not much change in tern perattire Thursday afternoon through Friday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 81 Minimum Wednesday night 57 At 8 a m Thursday 69 Rain 02 The spotty nature ol Wednes day evenings shower was indi cated by the fact that while only 02 of an inch was measured a the KGLO transmitter station thc rainfall at a gauge in northeastern Mason City registered 32 of an inch YEAR AGO Congress Completes Action Raising Wages of Men in Service Fireman Doesnt Have Time to Put on Pants Is ndjustmcnt bill fixing a minimum pay scile of S50 a month for the irnicd forces effective is of June 1 1942 Senate adoption of a conference approved Wednesday by the house sent the comprehensive pay measure to President Roose velt for his consideration Estimated to cost an additional j500000000 or more yearly the Jill would increase to a month he pay of army buck privates navy apprentice seamen and men of equal rank in the marines and coast guard Increases would be granted to all ranks up to and in cluding second lieutenants and en signs Privates now get a mini mum of 2f a month Eental and subsistence allow ances of higher ranking officers also would be increased Final senate action ended a month of controversy which twice saw the measure sent to confer ence as senators stood behind a vote S42 lo make the minimum pay month They receded from that position early this week SHIPlATTLES SUB 45 MINUTES Medium Sized U S Freighter Sunk All But One in Crew Saved NEW YORK A medium sized United States freighter en gaged in a 45minute gun duel with a German submarine before being sunk by shcllfire about two weeks ago off the Atlantic coasl according to stories told by sur vivors reaching cast coast ports All but one of a crew of 16 were saved One man was known dead The freighter encountered the submarine in the early morning and after the gun fight the crew was forced to abandon ship be cause it caught fire One life boat was destroyed and one riddled The men huddled in the remaining boat until rescued The submarine described by one survivor known only as Ed wards as about 200 feet long in good trim and with a crew ol about 45 or 50 leisurely shelled the cargo ship after the crew left Ten hours later the vessel finally sank The submarine surfaced and its commander spoke to the survivors giving them several gallons of wa ter and a compass bearing for Cape Halteras The underseas boa took aboard a wounded survivor Kavc him first aid and then re turned him to his comrades Maximum Minimum Precipitation S3 57 53 Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy PORTLAND Ore M Lawrence rolled out with the alarm In his haste he kicked his pants intl shoes under the bed Madly ie groped for them but the truck vas roaring ready to move There was only one thing to do ind he did it At the fire it was not the heat hat made his face red HUNT BODY OF FLOOD VICTIM Clinton Searchers Drag River After Girl 16 Is Swept Away by Current CLINTON were fragging the Mississippi river icrc Thursday in an effort to find the body of Jean Dorothy Brown Ifi drowned late Wednesday night in the flood swollen stream The girl stepped into the swirt current while wading on sea wall steps in Riverview park Slit was whirled into deep water so quickly that Louis Baker a com panion succeeded only in making a futile grasp in her direction He seized a few strands of her hair but could not hold her against the pressure of the water It was the first flood fatality here in many years In the meantime Clinton county Red Cross flood emergency of ficials were preparing to evacuate 10 families from Beaver Island where the water has surrounded their homes They arc in nu im mediate danger NEW FOOD GROUP HEARS WIGKARD Optimistic Report of Prospects in U S Is Given by Secretary WASHINGTON Secretary ot Agriculture WicUard called the governments new wartime food committee together for iis first meeting Thursday to hear an opti mistic report on production pros pects in this country and to make a survey of prospective require ments for military lendleasc and civilian needs The nine member committee was created by the war production board last week to control the production importation and allo cation of all food supplies in the interest of the allied war effort Wickard who was named chair man planned to lay before the committee a report that agricul tural production prospects have rarely been better at this season of the The federal crop re porting board said that if the weather continues favorable pre vious records of farm production may be considerably exceeded This picture of American pros pects was in sharp contrast with condition5 in German controlled Europe Reports received by Wickard through slate department and other diarmelx indicate that continental Europe faces one of its darkest food production seasons in years due to nti unusually se vere winter that killed large acreages ot winter grain crops BRITAIN REDS SIGN PACT FOR POST WAR PLAN Molotovs Visits to White House and London Are Revealed By UNITED PRESS The United States Great Britain and the soviet union formally agreed Thursday on the urgent need for estab lishing a second European front against the axis in 1942 and on the outline of postwar peace ma chinery Announcement in Washington and London of the momentous con ferences made these dis closures 1 Great Britain and Russia have signed a 20year Eu ropean mutual aid pact as a prelude to organization of a world security system after the war The agreement does not affect Japans relations with Russia 2 The United States incident with a visit by soviet Foreign Minister Vya chuslav Molotov to the white reached a unity of viewpoint on future peace cooperation and on speeding up war supplies to Russia 3 All three countries are agreed on the urgent ne cessity for openinga second fighting front this year against the axis Buy ttar savings honds and stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy a Jate dry spring and shortages of labor fertilizer seeds farm and equipment Sheriff Hunts Man 2 Days Finds Him Jailed PUEBLO Colo h c r i f f Tom Murphy at nn anxious wifes request hunted her missing IIUF bnnd for two clnys Then lie found the man a prisoner in Murphys own county jail He had shaved his mustache and given another name Agree on Urgency for Second Front WASHINGTON The United States Great Britain and Russia have reached a full un derstanding with regard to the urgency of creating a second front in Europe this year Tills was announced officially Thursday in Washington and London and in tlie latter capital there also was disclosed the signing of a 20 year mutual as sistance treaty between Great Britain and the soviet aimed at Hitlerite Germany if The announcements disclosed or the first time that Vyachcslav Molotov the Russian foreign com missar had been in Washington Whether the agreements pro vided for opening of a second from which would relieve strain on the struggling Russians man ning the eastern front in Europe was not specifically stated The American announcement from the while house spoke of tlie urgent tasks of opening such a front in 1942 while in London Foreign Minister An thony Eden spoke holh of thr urgent task and the urgent need On postwar objective the state ments were similar the white house speaking of cooperation between the soviet union and the United States safeguarding VYACHESLAV MOLOTOV AVTIIOVV KDRX PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT jl ;