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  • Location: Mason City, Iowa
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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 6, 1955, Mason City, Iowa Nertfi lWs Doily Newspaper Ufed far MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE TNI NIWSPAPI1 THAT MAKIS ALL NOITH I 0 W A N NEIGHIOIS HOME EDITION VOL LXI MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JUNE 4 19S5 nu TOT i Ford Union Agree on New Contract One Mans Opinion A CMimwrtary By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO USIN WTAD QnUOT I30 WOt ABCS XtandBj The Future of Our Colleges the past two weeks or so Ive been getting a little pre view of what faces the colleges and universities of America in the years ahead In connection with my talks before a half dozen high school graduating classes Ive made a point of checking on the future plans of the graduates Its been quite revealing believe me Whereas in the past one out of four or one out of five has men tioned going on to college the percentage this year seems to have run ever so much closer to 50 per cent In one case a poll of a class of 75 seniors showed more than 40 per cent had definite plans for further education What this means is that going on to college has become pretty much the accepted thing among our high schoolers of today In the days of my own youth it was the excep tion For every one who went on with his education there were six or seven who remained at home But that isnt the whole story by any means The whole story isnt going to be told until around 1960 or so when the enormously stepped up birth rate after World War II begins to make itself felt on the college and university camp uses Thats when the real test will come Wtrt Filling Bthind Peter F Drucker writing in the current issue ofHarpers Mag azine called attention to the crisis facing education from kindergar ten to the graduate schools in our universities We are building new classrooms a Mr Drucker pointed out But that is less than we need to take care of the yearly growth in school population The deficit is not being reduced it grows by ten of twenty thousand classrooms a And the college he added is even more desperate Today there are colleges with five times the enrollment for which their plants were originally built Within the next 20 years enroll ment may increase three or four fold Again we are doing nothing are to anticipate the future we not even keeping pace with the Within the next ten this writer in Harpers continued we will need more new college plants than we built in the 300 years since the founding of Har vard We should build college fa cilities for an additional students a year for at least the next 10 years Instead we are building for about 50 to 100 thou sand more each Solution Wont Be Easy The problem of course is much more easily stated than solved Most of the nearly institutions of higher learning in our country are casting about for new sources of financial support to enable them to expand their facilities Hand in hand with the desperate need for increased classroom and laboratory facilities not to men tion dormitories goes the neces sity for finding and training teach ers Along with the expansion of facilities there must be a like expansion of faculties Difficult as it is to find the wherewithal to expand the physi cal plants on our campus the prob lem of recruiting teachers from a limited supply of teacher material holding them after they have been recruited and trained is even more formidable There have been disturbing evidences of a reluctance on the part of our ablest youngsters to equip them selves for teaching One of these evidences is the relatively small number of college graduates going on for their ad vanced degrees particularly the Ph D The expected to join the ranks of Ph Ds between 1955 and 1939 will fall at least short of making up the number of faculty additions required for this fouryear period This assumes that all will enter the teaching profes CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 AP Wirephoto VIEWS BUST OF HIMSELF President Eisenhower attending graduation ceremonies at West Point for the first time since becoming President studies a bust of him self at the academys museum Ike Marches With Classmates of 75 WEST POINT N Y UBPresident Eisenhower marched with his classmates of 1915 Monday to solemn ceremonies honoring the Military Academy dead In advance of ceremonies at Thayer Monument at the southwest corner of the academys parade grounds the President paid a 20 minute visit to the West Point Museum for a look at old weapons mili tary uniforms and war This is the llth anniversary of the Normandy Invasion which Eisen hower led and his thoughts Monday obviously drifted back to that fateful day in 1944 as well as to cadet days The President Eisenhower flew here from Washington Sunday for the re union and to deliver the com mencement address at Tuesdays exercises Also on the calendar An alumni luncheon at Washington Hall with a brief informal speech by the Steel Union to Ask Pay Raises PITTSBURGH leaders of the CIO United Steel workers huddled here Monday in a lastminute brief ing ses sion before opening negotiations for a substantial paj boost for men in the mills of the nations basic stee industry USW President David J McDonald met with his negotiating team behind closed doors Tuesday he will hand the unions pay demands t Steel number one President the cadet an alumni corps the review o traditional graduation parade dinner at the Old Stone Inn Tuesday the President will give the commencement address a graduation exercises for the 468 first classmen being commissionec as second lieutenants The address will be carried nationwide on tele vision and radio It was a happy homecoming for Eisenhower who is visiting the Point for the first time since 1951 when he still was in the Army Natty in a gray suit and soft gray hat he smiled broadly as he stepped from his plane He was welcomed by a group of military officials which included Maj Gen M R Nelson commander of the Eastern air defense After a brief rest at his third loor suite of the Points Thayer Hotel the President and Mrs Ei senhower went to the parade ground for a retreat review anc presentation of awards to ca dets One known as the Eisen hower award a large silver tray was presented by the Presided himself to Cadet Capt Delbert H Jacobs of Seattle Secretary Hobby Scheele to Make Report to Nation WASHINGTON OBSecretary of Welfare Hobby and Surgeon Gen eral Leonard A Scheele will make a television and radio report to the nation Tuesday night on the Salk polio vaccine situation The tentative schedule calls for a 15minute live television discus sion at CST over the Columbia Broadcasting System and DuMont television networks and simultaneous live radio broad cast over the Mutual Broadcasting System and National Broadcasting Co radio networks Later filmed and tape record ings are tentatively set for Amer ican Broadcasting Co radio at CBS Radio from and NBC TV from CLUB DESTROYED DBS MOINES Sun day destroyed the Club 100 widely known Iowa night spot of several years ago Damage was estimated at Mason City Nora Springs People Hurt COUNCIL BLUFFS Springs airman A young and an 18 yearold Mason City girl were in jured Sunday in a carpickup truck collision four miles north of Mis souri Valley Robert Shanks 21 son of Mr and Mrs Lester Shanks Nora Springs and Dixie Halverson 18 daughter of Mr and Mrs Arthur Halverson Route 3 Mason City were taken to a hospital here for reatment of shock and cuts and jruises Shanks was later trans ferred to the Offutt Air Force Base hospital Ed Tracek 36 Logan his wife Marjorie 34 and their four chil dren were in the pickup truck None was injured seriously hos pital attendants here said Sheriff Sam Strain of Logan said t appeared that Tracek had ap lied the brakes of liis pickup ruck when a car ahead stopped on the highway His vehicle evi dently skidded into the path of the oncoming Shanks car Shanks was returning to the Lincqlri Air Force Base after spending a threeday pass with his parents in Nora Springs Miss Hal erson was riding with Shanks The parents of Shanks and Miss lalverson planned to drive to Council Bluffs Tuesday afternoon TWISTER HITS ENCINAL Tex A twister cut through this south Texas town of 500 Sunday night heavily damag ing homes stores and other prop erty No injuries were reported ducer of the nation After stating the unions case t Big McDonald will mov on the next day to conference with Bethlehem and Republic Ste number two and three rankin firms in the nations booming ste industry By the weekend McDonal hopes to have completed primar presentation of the unions propos al to the other three companies o the socalled Big Jones an Laughlin Inland and Youngstow Sheet Is Tube Scvtral Days Those six companies emplo more than of the basi steel industrys production work ers After they have received th unions demands the negotiation probably will be recessed for sev eral days to permit managemen study of the proposals McDonald has adopted a new type of procedure for this year negotiations When the talks re sume negotiators for all of th Big Six companies will b brought here at the same time In the past Steel led th way and negotiators for the othe companies were scattered through out the country waiting for a pat tern to develop In addition to the Big th union has reopened its contract with 90 smaller companies but n date for negotiations with them has been set Big In calling for a big boost In th steelworkers present averagi wage of ai hour the USW cited The economic needs of th members of the USW 2 their in creasing productivity 3 the pros perous state of the industry and 4 the economic situation of the country as a Two Farms at Decorah Hit by Twister DECORAH A tornado touched down on two farms and slashed a 50foot wide path two miles long through a heavily wooded area near Spillville Sunday evening There were no injuries Property damage was done to the Orlando Albertson and Ray Numedabl farms The Albertson family was away when the storm hit Members of the Numedahl fam ily said they felt heavy suction and small articles began flying oui of the house through windows anc doors His Knife Conquered The Wilderness The story of Jim Bowie whose famous weapon made him re nowned throughout the frontier begins today on Page 6 in the GlobeGazettes great new pic turestrip IN THE DAYS OF DAVY Follow the adventures of Jim Bowie from his boyhood in the American wilderness to the great battle of the Alamo where Bowie Davy Crockett Buck Travis and the rest of the little band of heroes held out to the end Professor Cleared of Disloyal Charge WASHINGTON Su preme Court Monday cleared Yale Prof John P Peters of disloyalty charges and rebuked the govern ments old Loyalty Review Board for an unwarranted assumption of The 72 ruling was a victory for Peters senior professor of medi cine at Yale who was dismissed as part time consultant to the U S Public Health Service after the Loyalty Review Board found there was reasonable doubt about his loyalty After handing down the deci sions the court quit for the sum mer SAME DATI1IS42M Bltck flat 24 Gl Who Nixed Repatriation to Come Home U S to Help in Return OLYMPIA Wash 24year old American soldier who as a prisoner of war chose to remain behind the Iron Curtain rather than return to his young wife and daugh ter in Olympia has had a change of heart Now he wants to come home Mrs Otho G Bell says she is en couraging her husband to return And if hes sent to prison Ill ge a job near the prison so I can se him from time to she says The status of Otho G Bell is be clouded legally He was one of 2 American prisoners of war who re fused repatriation but stayed with Red China In Prison Mrs Bell said his letters indi cated that he apparently had bee told that two American POWs wh at first declined to return to th United States then did had bee executed Actually the pair wa sentenced to prison Mrs Bell is living at Olympi With their 4yearold daughter Paula whom Bell never has seen He shipped overseas with 2nd Infantry Division in 1950 e f o r e the daughter was born Mrs Bell said her hus and intended to get a pass xrt to return to he United States She said BELL she had been informed the State Department would aid and issue documents for his return if he reaches Hong Kong No Doubt In Washington military officials said that if Bell should be given a passport to return to the U i would amount to removing any doubt as to Bells citizenship Some question had arisen since he 21 prisoners had renouncec heir homeland in deciding to stay with the Chinese Reds How ever the State Department said that in the absence of some more affirmative act than that the men would be considered U S citizens Mrs Bell said her most recent etter from him was dated Apri 5 In it he said he was leaving or a new job He didnt say where But Mrs Bell says she was tolc iy relatives of another POW that Jell was going to a collective farm in south China Two More lowans Killed Sunday in Highway Crashes By The Associated press Two more lowans were killed unday hi separate automobile ccidents They are Donald Bruce Fry 22 f near Fairfield and Mrs Alex 45 of near Yetter Fry was killed when his car ent off a gravel road near Stock wrt hi Van Buren County Mrs Fahan was injured fatally a twocar collision on Highway 0 west of Sac City She died at Sac City hospital Her husband 47 was reported n serious condition at the hospital V couple in the other car Mr and Irs Henry Pelletier San Francis were in fair condition GOOD WORK BAKERSVILLE N C URMrs lattie McKiuney Pitman 92 died aturday leaving 222 direct de children 82 grand hildren 120 greatgrandchildren nd 10 greatgreatgrandchildren NO COONSKIN a butch haircut instead of a coonskin cap is David Crockett right as he and his twin brother Daniel look over the comic page after de livering their GlobeGazettes They are the sons of Mr and Mrs Paul Crockett Britt and will be high school freshmen next fall Theyll be particularly interested in that paper when In the Days of Davy Crockett starts in this issue New Cigaret Study Cites Lung Cancer By ALTON L BLAKESLEE ATLANTIC CITY N J who quit smoking cigarets prob ably cut their risk of dying of lung cancer compared with men wh keep on smoking the American Cancer Society reported Monday Its study finds the cancer death rate among a group of exsmoker was only half that of smokers But society officials said that due to the small numbers of smokers and exsmokers involved it cannot be proven beyond reasonable doubt that quitting reduces the Huge Gallery Expected for Band Festival Between 35 and 40 thousand people are expected to crowd Ma son City Tuesday for the 17th an nual Iowa Band Festival The 90 candidates for Miss tforth Iowa will ride in the morn ing parade ahead of the high school band they represent Floats and specialty acts will be inter spersed throughout the procession down Federal Avenue Miss North Iowa for 1955 wil e crowned at the evening finale at Roosevelt Stadium Cliff Sainum guest conductor for the festival will lead the 90 high school bands in mass concert to close the festival day The parade will not be on tele vision this year All the queen candidates will appear on KGLO PV beginning at Tues day The new Miss North Iowa is slated for a TV appearance at shortly after she re ceives her crown Adenauer Gives Up Job of Foreign Minister BONN Germany lonrad Adenauer Monday gave up us post as foreign minister to con centrate on the West German re armament program He called on Federal President Theodor Heuss to offer formally us resignation and to recommend the appointment of Christian Dem crat Floor Leader Heinrich von Jrentano as foreign minister All About flhe Wealher Mason City Rain cool Iowa Showers Minrmota Showers Globe Gazette weather data up to 8 Mon SHOWERS day Maximum Minimum At 8 Precip YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 84 56 63 02 70 55 risk of lung cancer They declared more evidence is needed This is a main finding in the latest report of a continuing so ciety study of nearly men aged 50 to 70 and their smoking habits and what they die of Criticizing the statistics Timo thy V Harthett chairman of the Tobacco Industry Research Com mittee said the study does not establish any cause and effect re Year Ago Just a year ago the first report indicating cigarets play a role in lung cancer was announced by Doctors R Cuyler Hammond and Daniel Horn director and assist ant director of the societys statis tical research at the annual meet ing of the American Medical Assn That first report covered 20 months time and deaths of nearly men Mondays report at the opening of the AMAs 1955 session covers 32 months and studies of whether from cancer or other causes among more than men Some of the conclusions of Ham mond and Horn Lung cancer is rare among men who have never smoked The death rate from lung cancer increases with the amount of cigarets smoked The rate is appreciable even among men who smoke less than 10 cigarets daily Regardless of whether men live in big city or rural areas the rate s high among smokers and low among nonsmokers Common Among men who smoke two packs or more daily heart disease s the most common cause of death and lung cancer is second n these men lung cancer ac counts for one hi eight deaths In the general male population of this same age lung cancer ac counts for 1 in 30 deaths Among hese heavy smokers lung cancer iutranks accidents brain strokes and other causes of death to take econd place Pipe smoking appears to be 20 Cents an Hour Increase GM Talks Are Next DETROIT Ford Motor Co and CIO United Auto Workers Union Monday reached an historic hreeyear contract agreement giv ng the union a compromise guar anteed wage plan The settlement was expected to lalt quickly a mushrooming strike which had idled about half of Fords workers across the nation UAW President Walter P Reuth er said it was the largest eco nomic package weve ever nego He put a price tag of etter than 20 centsanhour per employe on the deal Reuther agreed the union had fallen short of its original demand or a guaranteed annual wage coverage of up to 52 weeks in unemployment pay during layoffs No Commint General Motors with which the union had been bargain ing separately bad no immediate comment on the Ford settlement The GM talks were recessed to midafternoon to permit UAW Vice President John Livingston chief union negotiator at GM to confer with Reuther Reuther said that he would en ter the GM talks Tuesday A possible strike among GMs workers is threatened at midnight Tuesday but it was ex pected GM would reach a quick agreement ahead of any walkout on the basis of the Ford settle ment The Ford plan covers a maxi mum of only 26 weeks of layoffs and is what has been referred to as a guaranteed semiannual The Ford Company re ferred to it as a supplemental un employment benefit The agreement provides for a 55 million dollar company fund to pay jenefits to laid off employes rang ng up to a week supplement ting state unemployment compen sations payments Reuther in a joint news confer ence with Ford Vice President John S Bugas said the agreement s an historic first step toward meeting the problem of job inse curity Annual He said it established the princi le on which we are going to mild a guaranteed annual wage in the automobile and other major industries The Ford plan provides benefits which when added to state pay ment will guarantee a worker 60 o 65 per cent of normal takehome ay The UAM recently had scaled ts demand down to 80 per cent of akehome pay and the settlement eras entailed a further comprom se In addition to the guaranteed wage plan the settlement pro ided A penny an hour boost in the annual improvement for ach year of the contract for most mployes or per cent of pay if that is higher Some skilled work eight cents an hour are yearly raises to associated with lung cancer but ar less than cigarets Last year ittle evidence had been found in his study to point to any danger in pipe smoking Cigar smoking still does not show any significant association vith lung cancer in this study rs will get more These ompensate workers for increased fficiency of men and machines Additional wage increases for workers in skilled trades A liberalized pension plan to ide maximum benefits to a month for a worker with 40 years f service One additional paid holiday each ear Triplt Pay Triple pay for holidays except in evenday operations Improved hospitalmedical bene its Continuance of the costofliving ay system that has governed auto ndustry contracts under an ex pired fiveyear agreement This gears pay raises to living cost changes Reuther said the UAW has agreed to let Ford handle its pro posed sale of company stock to employes as the company may see fit Ford in early negotiations had proposed sale of Ford stock to trn pluses at half price Bugai de clined to say whether Ford now will reoffer its bargain atock pur chase plan to company workers ;