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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 6, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OEMHTMENT OF THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated Press and United Pros Full tcued Ffve Cents Copyt MASON CITV IOWA WEDNESDAY JUNE 6 1945 BAVARIA llgair WUERTUMBfRG TliU Paper Consists ol Two One JAPS FEAR INVASION LIUCHOW CAPTURED AIR BASE RECAPTURED IN Russians in Berlin Think KWANGSI DRIVE RECREATE GERMANYS 1937 BORDERSGermanys boundaries of Dec 31 194o fixed as the frontiers of the reich in a joint occupation statement bv the allied powers Occupation zones were not defined in detail but it was announced Brit ain would have a northwestern zone the French a western zone the United States a south western zone andthe Russians an eastern zone An area of greater Berlin is to be ad ministered jointly if jj Believe US Will Reassign Most of Occupation Zone Only Bavaria to Be Held by Yanks London States ar will turn over most ofthe tenitbrytKey conquered in Ger many to Russian troops and occupy only Bavaria it was believed Wednesday The 9th army willyield such cities as Leipzig 5th largest in Germany Magdeburg Chemnitz and Erfurt to the Russians Thc 9th had taken over much of the 1st armys sector when the 1st re turned to the United States The Hhineland and the Ruhr including Cologne prewar Ger manys 3rd largest city Duren Buesseldorf and Essen will be taken over by British occupation forces Though largely conquered by the American 1st 9th and 3rd ar mies the Ruhr and Rhineland have been administered lately by the American loth army Unless radical changes were made Tuesday at Berlin corres pondents who have been travel ling with American armies in Germany believed the American occupation zone will be confined to Bavaria in southwest Ger many This sector probably will extend as far north as Frankfurt at pres ent Gen Divight D Eisenhowers headquarters and certainly should require no more than one or per haps 2 of the 4 American armies at present in Germany I The division of Germany pre sumably was decided upon at the Yalta conference last February Present occupational conditions inside Germany undoubtedly have caused some changes in the origi nal plan but they probably were minor 1 In Berlin Joseph W Grjgg Jr United Press correspondent rep resenting the combined American press reported that Russias last minute insistence on the deletion of a single word which she feared would compromise her neutrality Japan delayed signature of the big 4 pact on Germany for nearly 6 hours Tuesday Marshal Gregory K Zhukov the soviet delegate also blocked immediate establishment of the allied control council in Berlin anfl discussion of coordinated policies for the 4 occupation forces Zhukov said he had not been empowered by his government to carry on further discussions un til American troops had with drawn from the zone of Germany assigned to the red fcrmy The Russians had prepared one of their nowfamous banquets in celebration of the signing of the pact However both Gen Dwight D Eisenhower and Marshal Sir Bernard L Montgomery the American and British delegates said they had to return to their headquarters Wednesday night The meeting broke up shortly before 7 p m and the leading American and British delegates drove back to Tempelhof air 1 drome for their return flight The dispute which delayed the signing of the big 4 pact from noon to p m centered around the word nationals in article 10 The forces nationals ships aircraft military equipment and other property in Germany or in German control or service or at German disposal of any other country at war with any of the allies will be subject to the pro visions of ibis declaration and of any proclamations orders ordi nances or instructions issued thereunder The Russians wished to elimi rjate nationals from the article If allowed to stand Japanese citi zens caught in the Russian zone of Germany would have to be handed over to theWestern allies despite the fact that Russia is not at war with Japan Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy with occasional rain Wednesday night and Thursday No decided change in temperature Iowa Cloudy with occasional light rain Wednesday Wednes day night and Thursday No decided change in temperature Minnesota Partly cloudy north and central and cloudy with oc casional very light rain extreme south Wednesday night and Thursday no decided changein temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Tuesday 61 Minimum Tuesday 49 At B a m Wednesday 32 YEAR AGO Maximum 57 Mipimum 44 Precipitation Trace DDoy Anniversary Landau 1 year ago Wednesday American and British troops under Gen Eisenhower hit the beaches of Normandy aric thgrgatassauH that was to bring Germany to Herknees within To mark the anniversary Gen Eisenhower proclaimed Wednes day an army holiday although no official ceremonies were sched uled Red Cross clubs held DDay Night Tuesday night and pro vided iree medals for soldiers who could prove they were in on his torys greatest invasion The London News Chronicle singled out Gen Eisenhower as the allied military leader deserving the greatest tribute on the anni versary Official Confirmation Lacking Capture Perils Jap Hold in Province Chungking troops lave recaptured Liuchow former American air base which was overrun by a Japanese drive into central Kwangsi province last No vember a frontline dispatch said Wednesday Although the dispatch was no confirmed officially last commu niques had reported Chinese eol ums closing in on the city 400 miles southeast of Chungking from the southeast west and north Capture of Liuchow would in iicate an early collapse of the en tire Japanese hold in Kwangsi province It was the last major enemy stronghold before Kweiiin another former American airbase 90 miles to the northeast With Liuchow again in Chinese hands Canton and Hong Kong to the southeast and Hengyang a Japanese base 180 miles northeast of Kweiiin would be brought Berlin Hitlers body has been found and identified with fair certainty it was learned from a high Russian military source here Wednesday The body smokeblackened and charred ivas one of 4 discov ered in the ruins of the great underground fortress beneath the new Reichschancellery afler the fall of Berlin e These 4 bodies any one of which answered pretty well to Hitlers description were removed and carefully examined by Russian arms physicians All were badly burned from the flame hrowers with which the red army soldiers finally cleared out the underground command post where Hitler and his leading nazis made their last ditch stand After careful examination of teeth and other characteristics the Russians singled out one body which they believed almost certainly is that of the nazi fuehrer Asked why no official announcement of the discovery has been made yet by Moscow this Russian source said as long as any element of uncertainty exists the Russians do not wish to state definitely thai Hitters body has been found The source added however that there seems little doubt that his actually is the corpse of Hitler Examination of the body showed that Hitler almost certainly died of poisoning Whether this was self administered or whether Hitler i was killed by one of his henchmen there is no sure means of knowing It will be recalled however that Russian sources recently reported that Hitler died of an injection given him by his physician Dr Morel after he had been insane and partly paralyzed for several days According lo a telegram sent by Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels to Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz Hitler died at p m on May 1 Goebbels himself apparently committed suicide shortly afterward just before the last stronghold of nazidom in Berlin fell o the Russians Goebbefs own body was discovered by the Russians in the same underground shelter together with those of his wife and children Al had died by poisoning Goebbels apparently had administered poison to membersof his family and then committed suicide ExSergeant Scoops Winchell on Marriage of Daughter 18 Hollywood o I u m n i s Waller Winchell Wednesday re vealed the elopement of his 18 year old daughter Walda and art student William Lawless 29 Winchell here to cover film col ony news events said he congratu lates Lawless on scooping him on the New Jersey marriage Lawless was recently discharged from the signal corps with the rank of staff sergeant of 2 main i railways and the KwangsiIndo China highway fell to the Japa nese last November in a 3pronged offensive launched from the Can ton area A telegram from the Kwangai Province Chinese troops had entered Ungshu com munications center on the West river 10 miles from Wuchow 170 southeast of Liuchow Japanese troops were re ported preparing to evacuate Wu chow whose loss would sever their communication line with the Liu chow peninsula to the south Headquarters announced thut planes of the Chinese air force at tacked airdromes at Nanking Monday and strafed more than 100 enemy junks in the Kiukiang section above the cily Four trans ports and 20 steam launches were damaged The Chinese airmen Carried out other attacks on rail lines and gun emplacements in Honan pro vince Flying support for Chinese ground forces on the Honan front they killed more than 400 Japa nese and set fire to 8 villages be hind the Japanese lines b0Jy Was decapitated by a shell splinter or Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Revision of Yalta Formula Under Consideration as Way of Solving Veto Dispute San Francisco United Stales is exploring the extreme possibility of revising the Yalta voting formula as a way of settling the united nations conference crisis over the Big 5 veto it was learned Wednesday Revision of the formula accord ing to highly authoritative sourc es is just one of several possibil ities being studied But it is indi cative of the extent of the search for a solution which would pre serve Big 5 unanimity The major concern is to find a way out that will not leave deep scars It is agreed that a show down vote on the issue now would end in Russian defeat but the cost would be a body blow to Big 5 solidarity There has been no official dis cussion of the veto crisis here for more than 24 hours Never theless it dominates the confer on this day of June 6 which originally was set for adjournment Informal discussion of the veto problem has included American British talks conversations he tween Soviet Delegate Andrei A Gromyko and Secretary of State Edward R Stettinius Jr and soundout out by the big powers JAPS RETREAT ON LUZON Parallel Drive North Opens Near Baguio Thc bodies of Goebbels and his family also were badly burned but were identified by the Russians without too much difficulty The Russians have given no hint as to how the bodies of Hitler Goebbels and other nazis found in Berlin have been disposed of This probably will remain a secret for all time to guard against the pos sibility nazi fanatics trying to recover the bodies Japs Will Hold Out MacArthur EDITORS Frank II Bartholomew United Press vice president now touring the Pacif ic war area reports in the ac companying dispatch on the strategy and tactics Gen Doug las fllacArthur may be expected to employ in the final stages of the war against Japan of the feelings of the little middlesized nations The actual negotiations on this delicate issue are goine on in Moscow where Harry L Hopkins the personal representative of President Truman prolonged his stay because of new business No one here would deny that Hopkins was negotiating direct ly with marshal Josef Stalin was no elaboration of the fact that revision of the Yalta voting formula was a possible so lution of the crisis Such a revi sion would not be expected to make a basic change in it but by revision avoid the present am biguity on procedural those on which a majority of any 7 security council members is needed lor a decision The mere fact that the United States is willing to think of al tering the voting formula is high ly significant Until now the em phasis has been that formula must go into the world charter with out any change whatsoever UP The Japanese were on the run in northern Luzon Wednesday offering only small arms fire in opposition to the 37th division which crashed 6 miles along highway No 5 Thc 6 mile gain in 1 day car ried the 37th 10 miles north Santa Fe at the head of the upper Cagayan valley and within 16 miles of Bayombons capital of Nueva Vizcaya province To the west a parallel drive into the northern reaches of Luzon was opened by the 33rd division on highway 11 north of Baguio summer capita of the Philippines The 33rd had reached a point about 20 miles northeast of Ba and guj0 Highways 11 and 4 eventu ally join at Bontoc in northern I Luzon but the 2 columns still were far from a linkup j Mitchell B20 medium bombers and Lightning F38 fighterbomb ers made another milkrun the length of the Cagayan valley to drop 250 tons on the retreating Japanese and their supply dumps and bivouac areas Most of the bombing was in the Gattaran area in the northern part of the valley On Mindanao American troops gained another 5 miles northwest of Mintal in the Davao area The big bombers of the far eastern air force again bucked bad weather to hit Formosa Over 50 Liberators escorted by Light nings dropped 250 tons of bombs on industrial targets in the Takao sector on the southwestern coastal plain A communique reported that many barracks and storage build ings were destroyed and fires re kindled in previously damaged warehouses By FRANK H BARTHOLOMEW Manila Douglas Mac Arthur is convinced that Japan will not quit the war until the Japanese mainland itself is in vaded and her cities her economy and her military government brought down in ruin For this reason he considers the invasion of Japan inevitable and as the man who will lead the allied armies through this final phase of the war he is working toward that goal MacArlhurs basic formula in the Pacific has always called lor winning victories by the manipu lation of a force which was always smaller than the total derensive strength of his enemy His prime strategy was this First feel out the Japanese strong points Second bring them under heavy and continuous air bombardment for as long as possible up to the moment just before the Japanese move to strengthen a position Third send in the infantry for the kill MacArthur lias made no spec tacular sudden attacks on Japanese strongpoints in his whole Pacific campaign Always he has insisted on the maximum preliminary bom bardment and has had careful rc ard for the lives each action might cost In his recent operations the key stone was the battle Leyte in late October and early November The Japanese recklessly threw in thousands of good troops in an ef fort to smash the Americans But many of these troops never reached shore as one Japanese convoy after another was de stroyed When the battle went into a stalemate MacArthur pulled an end run and landed behind the Japanese al Ormoc That really ended any chance for a firm Japa nese stand in the Philippines MacArthur has high praise for the naval cooperation he has had nil the way through He thinks Admiral Thomas C Kinkaid and ViceAdmiral Daniel E Barbey of the 7th fleet are groat admirals If file navy has any better lie doesnt know about them And he is equally admiring of Admiral Wil liam C Halsey MacArthur rates the air arm equally high but his all out ad NEAK TRAGEDY Wounded man dangles upside down dur ing transfer at sea from ship hit and set afire during liattlc with Japs and sister ship which pulled alongside to give aid The gear holding the stretcher slipped but one end held and the transfer was completed AP Wircphoto from Navy m ri cn Truman Faces Fight Over FEPCBill Washington MY President Truman ran inlo his first major low with congress chiefly with members ot his own party Key southern democrats flatly NEWSBLACKOUT ON OKINAWA AS CAPTURENEARS Tokyo Viriually Admits Loss of Island Vital to Jap Home Defense Guam admitted Wednesday American invaders have reduced Okinawa to an isolated island and warned an invasion at Japan was immi nent The virtual admission thai Okinawa was lost came as an un explained American silence indi cated a possible end of the cam paign and the semiofficial Dome n e w s agency claimed fierce fighting raged between the U S 10th army anil Japanese firmly entrenched in new positions1 Admiral Chester W Nimitz in his daily communique failed even to mention ground action on the island reporting only United States air strikes into Japanese home waters Such news blackouts In the past often have preceded announce ment of developments of major importance such as conclusions of campaigns or Ihe launching of new invasions Japans invasion consciousness was sharpened further by a plea lor its citizens to emulate the 1 children of Aka Jima who died d grenade banzai charges American troops and by radio Tokyos claim the Japanese mainland has been converted into an impregnable fortress A new kind of underground warfare now being prepared by the Japanese is so different from anything used in Europe it will mark a new epoch in military his tory Tokyo said The powerful Tokyo newspaper Yomiuri Hochi saw developments on Okinawa and the recently in tensified enemy air raids on Jap anese cities as unquestionably significant attempt a homeland It is hirfi time the entire na tion burned its bridges and made the fullest preparations for this imminent development whose outcome will decide the rise or fall of our country for centuries to come said a broadcast version of Yomiuris editorial Domci acknowledged the Jap anese were meeting numerically vwil superior American forces on Oki anci reported the landing ol le meWurp un marincs on Oroku peninsula be but had been low Naha which Admiral Nimilz but had been Tucsdily Thc anding s reported by the Japa nese to include 100 tanks and 400 to 500 infantry reinforcements of gainst refused to heed his plea for fa vorable action on legislation to create a permanent fair employ ment practices committee Sev eral predicted a sharp rebuff lor the chief executive on the issue Mr Truman made his request Tuesday in a letter to Chairman Sabath DI1I of the house rules committee where the legislation has been bottled up for 4 months While saying he was hope ful of favorable action iti a r t ing ot the group iv Sabath added that tempted to bring the many times before but nun ween blocked by his colleagues disclosed Tuesday Rep Cox ranking ma was jority member of the committee told a reporter he and other southerners had the voles to pre vent favorable action Thc legislation at has been approved in slightly dif ferent form by both the house and senate labor create t permanent FEPC with statutory authority to prevent i discrimination in employment bc ause of race color or creed iquestionably direct invasion the Japanese miration is reserved for the foot cu soldier who finally has to take all j Ct the objectives When American infantrymen drive into Tokyo he believes the Buy your War Bonds and end the war against Japan will i Stamps from your GlobcGazetLc have arrived carrier boy U S TROOPS LAND FOR FIRST TIME IN to Norway to aid the gov ernment of that country as a police and military force in the demilitarization and han dling of 600000 armed Germans in the country at the time of the nazi surrender U S troops of task force A land for the first time in Norway docking at Oslo This is an of ficial United States army signal corps radiophoto SUICIDE BASES RAIDED AGAIN Japs Report Raids by 30 U S Planes Guam sinaller type planes apparently from i new American airfields on Okin awa attacked Japanese suicide plane bases on Kyushu in southern Japan for an hour Wednesdaj To kyo broadcasts reported The raiders were said to have concentrated on airfields on Osu rhi nnd Satsuma peninsulas By this bombing raid Tokyo said the enemy apparently in tended to forestall the activities of our special attack suicide corps which is wreaking havoc with ene my waicraft in Okinawa waters Superfortresses shot down at least perhaps many more fighters over burning Kobe during Tuesdays 3300ton air raid Eight B29s were lost One and perhaps more of them were rammed by Japanese suicide pilots Other enemy aircraft machine gunnetl American crewmen para chuting from a cripple Super fortress The Japanese also used Baka e x p 1 o siveladcn suicide aircraft launch ed from a mother the Superfortresses Lt John C Hoyer of Missoula Mont said he saw a Baka plane miss a Superfortress by a wide margin and plummet down into the flames Thc 21st bomber command was awaiting reconnaissance photo graphs 1o determine the extent of damage wrought in Kobe Japans greatest port and 6th largest city ;