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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 5, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OF HlfTOHY AND THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wire Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JUNE 5 1915 Paper Consists of Two SectionsSection O GERMAN SURRENDER TERMS INSIDE WASHINGTON Feor Lag of Interest in War AgainstJaps By Central Press Washington Staff concern nmong military planners now is how to keep America and her allies alive to the far eastern war and how to preserve fighting morale at topnotch for the big show across the Pacific The planners fear that lack of sensational developments over a period of months will work against interest ana breed the indiffer ence which might come in the wake of the complete defeat of Germany There seems little chance just now of striking such dramatic and telling blows in the far eastern conflict as marked the final year of the war in Europe The battle Okinawa blazes undiminished at the gateway to the Japanese home islands Japans battered fleet seldom appears To kyo flames beneath the weight of fleets of B29s and other super bombers Indeed there may be a landing on Japan proper or in China be fore many months have passed And yet the latter is just a pos sibility and the conflict In the Orient goes its way day in and day out in mud and blood and in the skies There is no bloodtingling can ture of Paris and the Pacific is lands are not historic until the ma rines make them so The far struggle ob servers feel must be dramatized as never before It has competition nowin the fnchon developing out of postwar talks in Europe Washington feels that the spot light of allout war must play brightly across the Pacific lest our waning interest give Hirohito an unintentional break WASHINGTON OBSERVERS are impressed by the fact that President Truman is taking full advantage of his irrefutable right as a new chief executive to sur round himself with a cabinet of his own choosing The big cabinet shakeup with Frances Perkins Claude Wickard and Francis Diddle moving from the scene has turned the face of the capital westward The new secretary of labor Lewis Schwellenbach is from the state of Washington secretary of agriculture Clinton Anderson is from New Mexico and attorney general Tom C Clark is from Texas Other changes are in the wind observers are certain Other mem bers of the late President Roose velts official and semiofficial family are scheduled to go These may include Judge Sam uel I Rosenman and former Gov ernor Lehman of New York who now heads UNRRA Harry Hopkins now mi a Mis sion to Moscow may be retired because of ill health There is no telling as yet where the lightning of the presidents re organization planning may strike next PRESIDENT TRUMANS em phatic opposition to any reduction in taxes until Japan has been de feated will mean in the opinion of informed observers that no reduc tion in rates will be made effec tive until the war in the Pacific is finally over When JVIr Truman says No he means exactly that his friends point out He holds the veto whip over congress and his statement on taxes is interpreted to mean that he would veto any measure that would make effective a reduction in tax rales while the war against Japan is still on This does not mean however that congress will not pass a Kill making effective a limited reduc tion in tax rales when Japan fin ally succumbs And it is believed likely that Mr Truman would ap prove such a biil provided that it was clear that the tax reduction provided for would be calculated to stimulate business and protect the federal revenues At the same time Sir Truman made clear another matter when he was commenting on taxes This that the United States would honor its obligations He said that the only way to do this was to pay taxes With the national debt soaring toward the 300billiondollar mark and with heavy postwar expendi tures in the offing no sharp scal ing down of taxes is generally an ticipated at any forseeable date in the future YANKS POCKET LAST SURVIVING JAPS IN SOUTH 10th Army Captures Most of Naha Airfield Tokyo Admits Danger GUAM UPJ Fleet Admiral Chester W Nimitz announced Tuesday the principal enemy forces on Okinawa have been de stroyed while the remnants were given the familiar choice of an nihilation surrender or suicide Guam 10th army captured most of Naha airfield and chopped the last surviving Japanese troops on southern Oki nawa into helpless pockets Tues day Complete conquest of Okinawa was at hand Tokyo newspapers admitted gloomily that the 66 day old battle had entered a most critical stage and warned that the American command already planning an Invasion of Japan The fate ol the battered Jap anese garrison of 15000 in south ern Okinawa was sealed by an American amphibious Monday on Oruku landing peninsula where the enemy had been ex pected to make his last stand Thrusting at least 400 yards in from their beachhead ma rines oftheffturthregiment over ran half ofNaha airfield biggest and best airdrome on Okinawa in the first few hours Monday Field reports indicated virtually all of the field in American hands by Tuesday Other units of the sixth marine division threw a bridge across Naha harbor to the peninsula and poured in reinforcements of men and armor for the cleanup battle Only moderate sniper mortar and machinegun fire was being en countered Even swifter advances were be ing made by other 10th army units pressing toward the south ern tip of the island The Americans captured miles of the southeastern drove to within 4 miles of the southern tip of Okinawa and cleared almost all ol Chinen pen insula jutting out of the east coast Thousands of Japanese civilians were captured Some Japanese troops tried to flee by sea and were captured Another group committed suicide when an American patrol appeared The virtual conquest of Chinen peninsula which forms the south ern arm of Nakagusuku bay opened the finest naval anchorage in the Ryukyu island to American warships Tokyo reports indicated that American fleet units already may have anchored in the bay It said 9 Japanese suicide planes rammed objectives in the bay Sunday though details were not fleet communique complete A Pacific confirmed that Japanese suicide planes attacked American war ships off the island Sunday and damaged one light naval unit but at a cost of 55 aircraft Jap Balloon Threat Called Minneapolis Jean Fe lix Piccard stratosphere balloon ist predicted Tuesday that threat ened Japanese balloonbombing of the U S would be ineffective cal Piccard professor of aeronauti il engineering at the University of Minnesota said that if the Jap anese could land enough balloons on American soil to start 100 for est fires a day the countrv might face a great hazard But the balloonist explained it was unlikely that balloons could be directed at military objectives Or cities with any accuracy be cause no matter where it is launched a balloon moves only with the wind Prevailing air currents he said are mostly from the west Tokyo radio Monday quoted a spokesman of the Japanese armed forces as predicting that piloted stratosphere balloons would at tack the American mainland in the near future He said pres ent attacks the United States IN PACIFIC WARJapans desper ate if fruitless defense of Okinawa island A reveals her desire to keep the allies out of that area Victory on Oki nawa which Tuesday looked very near will base the at tack by sea and air not only on Japan but also on her sun ft f 4in ih Sea of Japan and thlough Korea strait 1 and the Yellow and China seas as well as for air attacks on her overland routes 3 along the China coast urther from Okinawa bases we can strike in the Hankow region 4 at enemy power thathas pressed ouimainland airfields deep back into China Most vital of all otfOki nawa we shall be based for sustained air offensives against Manchuria the enemys longprepared arsenal of war There along 1500 miles of northern frontier the power iul armies of Soviet Russia stand neutral and enigmatic France Asks Big 5 Meeting to Discuss Levant Question Churchill Opposes Proposal h eovermrent Decided Tuesday to propose ifthe big 5 to consider the entire problem of the middle east Paris French formally a conference o with pilotless balloons were only on an experimental scale Japanese balloons which have reached the western part of the U S probably were sent up from submarines Pjccard said He ruled out the possibility of launch ing such devices from aircraft carriers or other craft because the remainder the Japanese fleet dare not come that close to American waters Piccard said he did not think a balloon could travel from the Japanese mainland io the North American continent middle east Frances proposal followed sug gestions Saturday by Gen DC Gaulle that such a conference be arranged as an answer to Prime Minister Churchills call for a 3power conference in London by Britain the United States and Prance SUPERFORTS FIREBOMB KOBE IN 3RD ATTACK Returning Pilots Tell of Excellent Results in Raid on Jap City Stettinius Looks to Truman for Decision on Showdown With Reds on Veto Question San Francisco State Stettinius is looking to President Truman for a decision on whether the United States should force a showdown with Russia on the right of free discussion in a world security council Stettinius is caught in a difference of American opinion I here The outcome depends on what happens overnight in Moscow Premier Stalin has been asked to Guam 450 reconsider his governments re Russia and added to the Superfortresses battled through snow fogthunderheads accurate antiaircraft fire and fairly strong fighter opposition T ue s d a y to transform the industrial and trans portation center of Kobe into a mass of smoke and flame The B29s flying throuRh weather so bad they had to make the trip without fighter escort found perfect weather over Japans largest port city and spent an hour setting it afire with 3000 tons of incendiary bombs in a blazing 1st anniversary celebra tion of the initial superfort raid Returning pilots described the results as excellent They guessed damage would exceed the nearly 7 square miles burned out ot Yokohama in the May 29 strike at Nippons 2nd largest port About 40 Japanese fighters some of them fairly aggressive were sent up to intercept the tight bomber formations and a tew flew above the B29s to drop phosphorous bombs But they couldnt keep the daylight attack ers from coming in dead on their target in the 3rd fire strike at jJapans 6th largestcity Six hours after the last bomber turned away Japanese broadcasts conceded that fires were only gradually being extinguished Tokyo said fire bombs also set blazes in Mikagemachi and Ashiya industrial towns respec tively 2 and 6 miles east of Kobe 011 the rail lines running along Osaka bay to the city of Osaka last previous B29 target The Domei news agency quot ing a joint armynavy communique issued in Kobe claimed 56 Super forts were shot down and 114 heavily damaged Seven Japa nese interceptors were listed as lost including those that carried out bodycrashing attacks Superforts centered their incen diaries on a heavily industrialized square mile area of eastern Kobe by Gen De j including the citys 2 main rail way stations the extensive Kobe Meel works shipyards and major docks This is approximately ad jacent to nearly 9 square miles in the center of the city burned out in previous strikes China would be conference under Frances proposal and the Arab states also would be invited A communique said the gov eminent has decided to propose that within the framework of in To make them effective weapi ernattonal cooperation with the is he said the Japs can only agreement of the interested na hope to send out very many bal tions the whole of the problems loons equipped with fire bombs of tllc middle east be submitted ons at a relatively close range A balloon the scientist added can stay in the air about 100 to 200 hours hardly enough time for it to travel from Japan to the U S in any case unless there are exceptionally favorable winds there is no means of directing its course eastward so that it might land as far north as Canada or Alaska or as far south as Mex Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy and continued cool Tuesday night and Wednesday with occasion al light showers Iowa Mostly cloudy through Wednesday Occasional showers in extreme south and west Tuesday and Tuesday night No decided change in temperature Minnesota Partly cloudy north and central and cloudy extreme south Tuesday night and Wednesday occasional light showers extreme southwest Tuesday night and extreme south Wednesday no decided change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 58 Minimum Monday 42 At 8 a m Tuesday 51 YEAR AGO Maximum gi Minimum 52 Precipitation 85 TITO RECALLS OFFICIALS Istanbul Yugoslav of ficials in Istanbul have been re called to Belgrade by Marshal Tito it was learned Tuesday No immediate explanation was given cetit statement o the Big 5 at the united nations conference that any big power in the coun cil should be able to veto discus sion of any problem It is the conflict between this and an Americansponsored state ment accepted by Britain France and China which has deadlocked the conference on the whole veto issue despite rapid progress on other questions including ap proval of much peaceenforce ment machinery American officials hope that a Moscow decision will be forth coming promptly It could speed the work the conference com mittees on remaining problems and possibly permit a windup by June 15 Even more they hope that Stalin will agree there is no need for a veto on the right to dis cuss But a hot debate has been raging over what to do if Russia reaffirms its stand Virtually all United States dele Bates except Stettinius are re ported urging that delegation a strong statement of its Position and carry the fight to the conference floor if necessary Tn such an instance there is every prospect that the Russian view would be voted many small nations are becoming quite shortiempered about the entire veto situation State department advisers how ever are advocating that the dele gation move cautiously in order to avoid arousing new Russian fears and antagonisms and avoid blowing up the issue unduly One effect oE a real fight on the point some delegates argue would be to recapture from Russia some of the moral leadership which Foreign Commissar Molotov won on such issues as a promise of in dependence for colonial peoples early in the conference Stellinius is reported o feel that a decision to make a fight is of such importance it should be made by Mr Truman as a matter of highest foreign policy The presidents determination may be largely influenced it ap pears here by 1 what effect it might have on future harmony among the great powers and be tween them and the small nations and 2 how it would affect Americas chosen role of mediator among the powers HAAKON ON WAY BACK TO NORWAY King Ends 5 Year Exile in England London Haakon left London for Norway Monday night ending 5 years rule in BIG 4 TO MILE Security Council in 1st Meeting Disclose Stern Terms of Treaty Washington big 4 powers Tuesday formal ly stripped Germany of the whole of her nazi conquests uid set up an ironclad mili tary rule of the defeated na tion The reich was reduced to its 1937 boundaries Top military commanders of the United States Bussia Great Britain and France met in the outskirts of ruined Berlin and signed a declara iiiptlon documenting Germanys exile of j unconditional surrender and laying down the obligations his kingdom The monarch will arrive in Oslo aboard a British warship June 7 which is the 5th anniversary of his departure for Britain and the 40th anniversary of Norways complete break from Sweden Accompanying Haakon are his daughterinlaw the Crown Prin cess Martha and her children Princesses Ragnhild and Astrid and Prince Harald The crown princess and her children lived at Bethesda Md during the war They arrived in London S weeks aco Kinff Ilaa kons war time residence secret until now was an estate near Windsor castle in an area to Which a number of German buzz bombs penetrated Haakon born Prince Carl of Denmark and chosen in J905 by the Norwegian people in a pleb iscite to be their monarch es caped to England after constant German attempts to kill him by bombing The first bombing attempt on his life followed his scornful re jection of Quisling representa tives entreaties that he return to and restrictions that will be her price for embracing Adolf Hitler The allies also announced crea tion the longawaited 4power control council for Germany Im mediately after thesigning cere mony Gen Dwight D Eisenhow er Russian Marshal G K Zhu kov British Field Marshal Sir Ber nard Montgomery and French Maj Gen Jean De Lattre De Tas signy held the councils first meeting The 4 powers promised in the formal declaration to take all steps in Germany requisite for future peace and security It was indicated that the zone of Germany to be occupied by France has not been finally set tled Exact boundaries of the oc cupation zones still were not re vealed But the announcement said Germany had been divided into an eastern zone for soviet Rus sia a northwestern zone tor Britain a southwestern zone for the United States and a west em zone for France Oslo The village king and caped Germans leveled the Thc Berlin councils authority Nybergsund but the wi embrace all of Germans his government esI within her December 1937 bor ders her boundaries before the 1938 Anschluss of Austria The control machinery now beginning operation the 4 gov Nazi bombers followed him constantly all the way to Tromso in the far north While he was there the Ger mans invaded the Lowlands and out the basic requirements of ernments made clear will carry the collapse of Belgium and Dun kirk followed With the Norweg ian military situation hopeless the British invited Haakon to continue the fight from Britain One of his last official acts on Norwegian soil was the issuance of a proclamation that he was leaving unconditional surrender A sep arate agreement will be made in the future to cover longrange policy for ruling the beaten en emy The 4 power declaration on Ger manys complete defeat signed i to formidable foe Germany mpose on the to work In Norv nd I render terms are carried out to a conference the 5 great powers The governments decision will be transmitted immediately to Britain the United States Russia and China asking formal replies In London Prime Minister Churchill Tuesday disputed Gen De Gaulles charge that the Brit ish had stirred up trouble in Syria and declared that Britain was ready to withdraw all her troops the moment a treaty was effected between France and the Levant states Churchill declared Britain had Tragedy at Clark Field TALE OF ON DEC 81941 Tiny U S Air Force Knew Japs Were Coming EDITORS Iho day any the Japanese attacked at Pearl iHarbor hey also attacked the sought no crritory here jPhilippines and in what became and no kind of advantage thatlkllown the Little Pearl liar was not given to any of the destroyed the balk of the merican Flying Fortress force in islands Security prevented of the loss at the time absolutely no ambitions of kind in the Levant states tween states France and the Levant nations of the world he said The prime minister declared he favored only Britain the United States and France negotiating n3any circulated as to FrenchLevant dispute KJ De Gaulle had suggested a a power parley with Russia and China sitting in but Churchill declared This would certainly cause a great deal of delay and would require very careful con sideration on many grounds Far from stirring up agitation in the Levant states our whole influence has been used in pre cisely the other direction he de clared The most strenuous and successful efforts had been made by the British minister at Bey routh to produce a calmer at mosphere in which negotiations couJd be conducted for the settle ment of outstanding questions be I finally been made available from army records and accounts of offi cers who served with Gen Doug las MacArthur in the defense of the Philippines Lieut Gen Lewis H Brereton now commanding the 1st airborne army was then commanding our Faij East air force made up of fighters medium bombers and 35 B17 Flying Fortresses After the first reconnaissance foray Brereton on orders of Gen Douglas MacArthur instructed his fighters to intercept any further flights on a shoottokill basis When the Japanese approached for the 2nd time Breretons fight ers took to the air but were un able to locate the Japanese planes in the darkness not having at that olomcw United Press vice presi dent presents the first full ac count of the tragedy at Clark field By FRANK 11 BARTHOLOMEW United Press Staff Correspondent Manila UR On 2 separate nights before December 8 it may now be revealed formations of Japanese reconnaissance planes flew down the coast line of Luzon and were picked up by our de tecting devices The detection of the Japanese reconnaissance aircraft was the 1st definite indication to the American command that hostili ties were coming The story of what followed has At the same time on MacAr thurs direction orders were is sued to remove the 35 B17s which had only recently arrived at the islands in what was then a recordbreaking mass flight They were ordered to move from Clark field to a newly prepared field at Delmonte on Mindanao Clark field it was recognized was vulnerable to attack from Formosa and it was hoped the Japanese intelligence had not yet learned of the Delmonle base which was not open to attack from Formosa and was likely to be attacked only from Palau Despite these orders it devel oped that the planes Were not im ground forces carried ona VitteV II stressecl that thc U S repre tinrelenlinjr warfare sentative on the Berlin council 1 Gen Dwight D Eisenhower and his British Russian and French counterparts will wield all thc authority ever vested in any Ger man government the German high command or any state municipal local and other authorities once existent in flic country The 4power council will op mediately moved Accounts uncertain as to why However Li i ate only on unanimous decisions Gen Richard K Sutherland o wiJ insure appropriate uni formity of action in the 4 occu lt field Mtfon zones the allies agreed It will reach agreed decisions on the chief questions affecting Germany ns a whole The dec laration did not make clear how much authority the individual oc cupying powers will wield in their respective zones The administration of greater Berlin will be directed by an in terallied governing authority will operate under MacArthurs staff discovered that the E17s were still at Clarkfield and acting in MacArthurs name reissued orders for their removal Fourteen of the Forts were moved lo Delmonte where they were safe for the time being lone enough for Colin Kelly and other out the legendary heroes o their desperate attacks Japanese invasion fleet When news of Peart Harbor was flashed to Manila on the morning Of Dec 8 Manila Suther land learned that 21 of the B17s were still at Clark field He in structed Brereton to have the planes gassed and keep them in the air during daylight While preparations Tor taking the reconnaissance photos was un derway a mysterious telephone call was received at Clark field from Manila The telephoned in structions ordered the bombers not to make the attack The source of this call has not been determined records show It definitely did not come from Mac Arthurs headquarters which is sued Its orders only directly to Brereton At just this moment the Japa nese bombers swept in in force with the Fortresses on the ground and in a single blow virtually eli minated Clark field and thc prec ious B17 force from the defense of Luzon orders of the control council Eisenhower and the British Rus sian and French commandants will serve in rotation as chief commandant and will be assisted by a technical staff The May 12 declaration under which the allies actually assumed supreme authority over Germany stressed that defeat had left the country with no central govern ment or authority capable of acccpting responsibility for the pliance with the requirements ot the victorious powers II spelled out in a scries of 15 articles the manner In which Germany was to disarm torn over all its weapons Its industrial plant and virtually everything In the country to the allies Most of these provisions have been announced and carried out in the military zones in which the four allies have operated separ ;