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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 5, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF UfTORY ARCHIVES OE3 KOINES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOUfc Anodatcd and United Prm Full Leued Wins Copjl MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JUNE 5 1944 Fkper Coubti oJ Two NO One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Milan Cily Sunday 4 p KIIMO Uaimibll Tuesday p m WSU1 Iowa City Thursday p m WOI Amts p m SSCJ Sioux City Friday p Sentimentality Versus Realism A VERY dear and wise old friend of mine set me to thinking the other day when he passed along to me the burden of a conversa tion which had passed between him and an eminent medical au thority in Chicago They had been talking about a number of the state of the the doctor gave ut lerance to this observation No statesman has as yet put his finger on what is basically the matter with us here in America Our basic problems are not eco nomic as nearly everybody as sumes they are biological Do you know how many hos pital beds there are in the United States the man of medicine asked my friend Although extra ordinarily well informed on an amazing range of subjects my friend couldnt answer that ques tion Well Ill tell you the doctor replied There are some 800 thousand hospital more than half of them are occupied by the mentally diseased And even that doesnt tell the whole story because there are ever so many more nuts out of bed than in bed THE doctor then went on to rc call that the population oE Europe had remained static up to the year 1800 A D at 180 mil lion In the 140 years since Ihen despile a decreasing birlh rale Europes population has expanded to 480 million People he ob served were trampling on each others toes and this condition he contended has been a principal cause of Europes recurring wars For this population increase in the face of a falling birth rate the doctor gave credit to several things chief among them the ad vance of the science of medicine and surgery and the inventionof lifesaving machinery Asan illustration of the first medical advancement the doctor recalled that between 1700 and 1250 U S Planes Hit French Coast Heavily for 4th Time in Row London 1250 American heavy bombers and an allied aerial assault of powerful proportions against the fortified French military installations in Boulogne and Calais areas PRIMARY VOTE LIGHT IN MOST PARTS OF IOWA Rains Keeping Farmers From Fields May Boost Totals in Some Parts Des Moines Voting in Iowas primary election Monday morning apparently was the light est in at least 2 decades but in a few communities it exceeded ex pectations because of weathe conditions which kept some farm ers out of the fields Election officials at Dubuque said the total vote was expected to reach the 1942 total when 8000 democratic and 1200 re publican ballots were cast The large rthanpredicted vote was foreseen Monday morning be cause of the weather Pottawattamie county officials reported that rains keeping many farmers out of the fields might boost the vote above the 1942 to tal Monday with an estimated 2200 short tons of bombs This was the 4th attack in a against the Pas De Calais he area of France closest to Eng and and it came after RAP members attacked French coast objectives and targets in Cologne Germany Sunday night Watchers on Ihe English coast facing Boulogne could see enemy rocket shells rising from the ground leaving a thin white Ira of smoke and exploding high in the air For more than 3 hours powerfu fleets of American and British bombers thundered across the English channel Clouds which replaced the earlier clear sk failed to halt the offensive Since June began the mor than 200 miles of French coas with German gun been shaken from end t end by allied bombs The big British bombers mad it their target for the 3rd consecu live night Sunday night The U S 8th air force has neglected stra tegic targets deeper in the conti nent for the last 4 days to concen trate on immediate tactical tar gets behind the invasion wall It is estimated that well over 13000 tons of bombs have been dumped on France by American and British heavy bombers alone FRTalkto 3e Broadcast Monday Night Washington r e s i d e lit oosevell will proclaim the fall of ome to the nation and the world londay night in a 15 minute fire de chat expected to remind the axis satellites perhaps for the last time that they must get out of the war now or share the certain de struction await ing Germany He will speak from to p m CWT The address will be broadcast by al major networks and short waved ROOSEVELT to Europe an the rest of the world A white house qnnouncement saying simply that the chief exe cutive would speak on the fall o Rome came as members of con ress and other high official hailed the fall of the first ax capital to allied armies aiming a Berlin Mr Roosevelt was expected to take occasion in his address to express his gratification for pres ervation of Romes historic and religious shrines and to reassure Pope Pius XII that the allies would observe the sovereignty and sanctity of the Vatican Some quarters believed that the president would appeal strongly o the nazi satellites to get out of he war while it was still possible PURSUE CERMANS NORTH 1800 A 100 million people on the European continent had died of small pox which is now al most under perfect control A like condition had prevailed in England during the same pe riod An adult past the age of 40 who was not pockmarked was more or ICES of a curiosity YEAR by year these miracles of medicine and surgery multi ply But in obedience to the high est instincts in our nature we are salvaging the fit and the unfit alike the doctor poinled oul We are breeding from the bot tom he put it picturesquely Our large families as a rule come from Ihe least intelligenl stratas our sociely It will be only a queslion of time if this thing goes on before the burden of the unfit will become so great that the fit cannot carry it The doctor advocated legalized instruction in birth control es pecially among those who most need to know about it At the same time he advocated an effort to bring it forcibly to the atten tion of those best fitted lo have children from an economic and inlelligence slandpoint lo have larger families A more realistic treatment of our criminal classes and our subnormals even tiie borderline cases was also urged by him DERHAPS the greatest anthro pologist in America today is Ernest A Hooton of Harvard uni versity He has written several books on this subject In one of them he has this to say It would be foolish on my part not to admit at the very outset that we know far less about mak ing men than for instance mak ing automobiles and that we act far more intelligently in raising crops than in raising children As a matter of fact a great deal more of human thought and effort has gone into devising and per fecting the motor engine than the human engine We are really more interested in the quality of our automobiles than in that of our progeny If marriages were made in the Ford Webster Cily officials said lhat allhough rain prevenled much farm work Monday the cold windy wealher added lo Ihe gen eral jack of interest in keeping both city and country volers at home Burlinglon Mason Cily Daven port Cherokee Fort Dodge Charles City Waterloo and Des Aloines reported extremely light voting so far Little interest was shown in service voting according to re ports of returned ballots Slightly more thanlOservicejbaUotshad been returned at DuDuqueL 84 at Waterloo 15 at Charles City 194 atCouncil Bluffs 20 at Webster City 80 at Burlington and 18 at Cherokee Topping the 11 major races in which there were contests was the one involving Sen Guy M Gillette democrat who virtually had to be drafted to seek reelec tion He was opposed by Ernest J Seemann Waterloo factory worker making his 5th attempt to get to Washington Sen Gillette whom President Roosevelt opposed when Gilletle was up for reeleclion 6 years ago had declared until several days before the filing dead line that he would not be a can didate State democratic leaders finally persuaded him to make the race and shortly thereafter he re ceived a Dear Guy letter from the president congratulating him on his decision to run Before deciding to make the race Gillette steadfastly had op posed a 4th term for Mr Roose vell Since however he has in the last 72 hours The greater part of this devas laling weight of explosives has fallen in the Pas de Calais area and on nazi strong points sur rounding the channel ports of Boulogne Calais Dieppe and Dunkirk The rest has been aimed mostly at road and rail communications as deep into northern France as Paris The German radio soon after noon warned that single enemy planes were over the lower Dan ube suggesting that Italybased bombers were on the prowl The nazis asserted that Germany it self was free fromenemy planes Br c cede Thunderboll fighter bombers which d i v e bombeoV flak defenses a smal force of U S medium Marauders attacked the northern France in vasion zone in midday Pilots re ported moderale flak and no fighler opposition Rocket carrying Typhoons o the British 2nd taclical air force slruck radiolocation inslallalions in norlhern France for Ihe 2nd successive day and urge the people of northern taly to help the advancing allied troops redeem the rest oE their country Congressional leaders read great significance into the fall of the historic city It will have a great psychologi cal effect particularly in the Bal ians said Sen Joseph C OMa honey D The news ol the fall of the first axis capital cannot fail lo strengthen the morale of the people of the occu pied nations and certainly the axis satellites cannot fail to see Ilia the game is House republican leader Josepl W MartinJr Mass said Amer ica rejoiced over the confirms tion of thicapture of the firs European objective House demo cratic leader Johti W McCormack Mass said the manner in whic Rome was captured confirmed hi longstanding belief that Americar forces would do all possible t avoid damaging the ancient shrine of the eternal city JAPS SAY CHINA WILL BE SPLIT INTO 2 PARTS Nipponese Run Into Heavy Air Assaults Along Many Fronts By WILLIAM PHIPPS Associated Press War Editor The Japanese war octopus is unning against everheavier al ied air blows on 5 of its far lung tentacles but Tokyo radio aid Monday an offensive which vill cut China in 2 and foil Amer can strategy is ready Allied aerial successes were re ported in new assaults in New uinea operations in the south west Pacific against the Kurile shmds in the north Pacific and on Truk in the central Pacific In the vital China theater where Chinese troops are trying to stop lie Japanese advance on Changh sa in Hunan province Americai agreed to go to the national con vention as a delegateatlarge and abide by custom in easting the states votes for the president General preoccupation with the war the anxiety of farmers to catch up with their spring planting and the absence of con tests for several of the major of fices were reasons advanced for the light vote The polls opened at 7 a m CWT in permanent registration cities and at 8 a m elsewhere They close everywhere at 8 p m Candidates were to be nomi nated for the office of United States senator representative in congress governor lieutenant governor and other state offices except district and supreme court judges and slate superintendent of public for state senator in 29 districts and for state representative County can didates also were being nomi nated Iowas delegates to the repub lican and democratic national conventions were chosen in con vention early in the spring The lightest republican vote cast in any primary since the pre sent system was instituted in 1908 was 127960 in 1918 The lightest democratic primary vote was 36 CAPITAL above photo of Rome which was liberated Sunday by allied troops shows the historic coliseum in the background Leahy Will Be Honored at Hampton Hampton Returning to the community where he was born Adm William D Leahy chief of staff to the commanderinchief faces a crowded day of aclivity here The forenoon will be given over to visiting with the friends of his boyhood in the farm com munity to the southeast from Hampton with an informal lunch eon at noon In the afternoon a sightseeing trip planned for him will include a return to the farm home where he was born 69 years ago The place is now occupied by F H Dirst Late in the afternoon the party will arrive at the Legion club house at Beads lake where the American Legion and its auxil iary have planned a receplion for the distinguished visitor At 6 oclock a dinner will be held at the Coonley hotel with the Legion in charge of arrange ments The days activities will be cli maxed at the high school audi torium with an open meeting be ginning at oclock again with the Legion in charge The order of events for this program follows Call to order Advance of colors Vocal solo by Jack Wood Invocation by Nels Malm post chaplain Introduction of Adm Leahy by LABORER 53 AT AIRPORT KILLED Cooper Minneapolis Crushed by Machine John D Cooper 53 of Min neapolis a construction worker employed at the Mason City air port was killed late Saturday att ernoon by an 8 ton excavating machine Witnesses said the machine called a dumplor was waiting in line with a load of dirt Cooper who was employed as an oiler but who also was doing hand work wilh a shovel was slanding 8 feel ahead The driver of Ihe dumplor Roland Graves Nora Springs was given the signal lo slart and drove the machine forward fail ng lo sec Cooper because the umptors shovel blocked Roy Malison of Minneapolis river of a bulldozer some 60 feet way said thai Cooper glanced i v e r his shoulder and saw the ipavy machine approaching at empled to get out of the way but as hit by the framework and ell The body was taken to the Pat erson funeral home and Sunday light was taken to St Cloud Vlinn for burial airmen harassed the invaders And in the IndiaBurma theate an allied operational summary said overwhelming air superior ity was a major faclor in plac ing those campaigns in favorabl positions before the monsoon curlailed progress Adm Lore Louis Mountbalien a n o u n c e gains ol 200 yards in bitter fighl ing for Japans Myitkyina base i northBurma and Japanese with drawaVfrorri Mamsunin the ern end of the north Burma front While the Tokyo radio talked of Japans readiness to launch the most formidable offensive ever against the allies Nipponese troops edged closer to Changsha The invaders main force was 40 miles eastnorlheast of Ihe city another 35 miles north and n 3rd 50 miles northeast But in norlhern Hunan Ihe Chi nese recaplured Ansiang in their drive on the big Japanese base ot Yochow 55 miles east In Ho nan province 400 miles north the Chinese pressed on toward Japa neseoccupied Loyang from cap lured Sunghsien 45 miles north east Other Chinese troops in Yun nan provice crossed the Shweli river pushing to within 12 miles of the Japanese base of Tcng chung in into north ern Burma American bombers from the southwest and central Pacific hit Truk anotfcer 12 blow and other American planes carried their Kuriles offensive into the 5th straight day hilling Shumbushu Paramushiro and Matsuwa Japan ventured 70 planes in combat over New Guinea and Truk and in Rome Gives 5th Army Warm Welcome of Near Carnival Style Clark Lauds Troops By EDWARD KENNEDY orum Mussolinis balcony in the Venezia a few blocks way looked empty and deserted f ttuu mmiiuv vi factory instead of m heaven they 818 in the same year would probably last longer and turn out more efficient products Jh products In our government we have a department of agriculture which is concerned with the quality of seed with planting and with se lective breeding as well as with the mere tending of growing plants But bureaus of child wel fare leave the question of the quality of seed entirely alone and merely fuss about the growth and harvesting of the crop which may be a very sad business when the larger part of It is not wheat at all but tares Now as I have said we know very little about human heredity because almost no one has taken the trouble to study it We cer tainly are in no position to write Ton to nary lurnoul was 522333 for Ihe republicans in 1926 and 157056 for Ihe demo crats in 1938 In 1942 republicans counled 235176 and Ihe demo crats drew 79366 on primary day Stern Measures Hope Valley R I re tired sea captain in the 70s Isaiah Ray was a doughty soul Having a sore toe one day he hobbled to the woodpile and quoting the scripture If thy foot offend thee cut it off he neatly nipped the troublesome toe wilh an axe Judge Sherwood A Clock Response by Adm Leahy Inlroduclion of Dr C R Lo gan deparlmenl Legion comman der Address by Dr Logan Address by Sgt Allen Faye Anderson of the federal manpow er commission Retirement of colors RECOGNIZED BY BRAZIL Quito Ecuador rec ognized the new Ecuadorean gov I ernment Monday BOYS BODY FOUND Perry body of Eugen Annear 15 was found Sunday b members of a searching party un der Sheriff Evan Burger about one half mile downstream from thi spot where he Beaver Creek swept away was wading in Tuesday when War Savings Bonds and fni ymnGlebe Gazette VOTING LIGHT IN ELECTION HERE One of the lightest votes in re cent years was being cast in Mon days primary election in the 8 Mason City precincts At 2 oclock in the afternoon a total vote 760 has been cast com pared wilh 1049 in the light vote primaries of 1942 at the corres ponding time At the same time 1940 the vote was 1437 and in 1938 it was 3514 lost 30 Gen Douglas MacArthur mounted a new offensive in an attempt to wrest the important airfields from the slubborn Japa nese defenders ot Biak island in the Schoutens Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette arrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and cooler Mon day night Tuesday fair and con IOWA TORNADO HITS BUILDINGS No One Injured Many Structures Are Wrecked Irwin Iowa tornado struck Sunday night about 3 miles south of here in an area of Shelby county northeast of Harlan and many farm buildings were report ed demolished No one had been reported in jured Debris fell all around Mr and Mrs Peter Brogard and daughter Helen 15 as the wind destroyec the house but all were unhurt All buildings were reported blowr down on the Joe Slrunk farm ant all but the houses were smashcc on the Jake Thompson and Car Bme farms The Leonard Swenson family took refuge in a storm cave as the twister leveled the barn and small er buildings Farm buildings wen down on the Cass Armentrou place 2 miles south of here with the exception of the house tinued winds cool Fresh to strong Iowa Mostly cloudy with showers Monday and thunderstorms in the extreme east portion early Monday afternoon partly cloudy Monday night and Tues day cooler Monday and Mon day night and continued cool Tuesday fresh to strong winds Minnesota Cloudy Monday night and Tuesday rain north and central portions Monday night and northportion Tuesday somewhat cooler east portion fresh to strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 81 Minimum Sunday night 52 At 8 a m Monday 52 Rain 85 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 68 Minimum 46 Precipitation 01 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 85 Minimum Saturday night 65 At 8 a m Sunday 69 YEAR AGO Maximum ttO Minimum 44 Rome shining brightly in sparkling sunlight and spared almost entirely from the ravages of war Monday gave 5th army troops a welcome which turned eternal city into a near carnival The city is virtually intact The Germans last of whom slinked from the capital Sunday night like beaten dogs limited their demoli tions to a few installations of no artistic or reliciousImportance The dome Peters dom inating the back the rays of sunlight and the facade smiled on columns of American troops skirting the plaza where Vatican City begins Otherwise there was no sign of life at the Vatican II was wholly inlact and the only remarks of a Swiss guard were that the Ger mans always had respected its neulrality and that he hoped the Americans would The great circle in front of SI Peters had an Italian crowd in it but there were no American uni forms This square is open to the pub lic though German soldiers did not come into it a Vatican guard said There was no special guarc around the Vatican and at the porlals of Valican Cily at the of the facade there were only a few papal gendarmes The Americans swooped righ by but did not enter Rome which has gone througl so much for so Jong a time took the vicissitudes of the past fev years in its old tftride and one more has come out on top Its stil the Eternal City All Rome was up at dawn Mon day to see the Americans wh swarmed in lo occupy the whol the capital From both the Appian and Cas iiinian ways columns ot tanks guns and trucks crowded with sol diers poured in The Romans were lined up to greet them and pelt their way with flowers Crowds were large even as the sun peeped above the horizon and were still bigger as it cast its soft early rays over the grimy soldiers who had fought their way into the city The cheers grew loader and soon that famous Italian inven tion confetti made its appear ance It was homemade confetti The people like their city seemed warworn and thinner ROME ALLIES OCCUPY CITY PRESS ON AGAINST NAZIS FighterBombers Last at Fleeing Columns on Congested Highways BULLETIN Rome Pius address ing a crowd in St Peters Square expressed thanks to God Monday night that Rome bad not been de stroyed by war By NOLAND NORGAARD Allied Headquarters Naples forces stormed through captured Rome Monday crossed the Tiber river and pressed re lentlessly against the beaten Ger man 10th and 14th armies as they streamed northward under demor alizing attacks from the Mediterr ranean allied air force Last ditch German rearguards died within the shadow of the Roman forum and in the streets of the government quarter in bit ter clashes as Italian partisans Uc for the first time in this election than in the candidates chiefly because a comparatively few of the names on the ballots involovcd a contest Little or no difficulty was en countered in the operation ot the voting machines County Auditor Arthur Harris was called out to 2 of the 30 precincts in the county on minor matters Many voters who had been given previous demonstrations on how to operate the machines found the casting of their ballots a simple thing Others were given instruc tions by election clerks and judges In most precincts the voting went like clockwork with few de lays Interest in Cerro Gordo county centered on the race for the re ublican nomination for repre enlativc between H Nicholas nd Dr H C Krueger and the 3 ornered battle for the G O P leriff nomination among Oliver Repp R R Buchanan and Jess iultleman Both republican and democratic allots contained fewer contests or nominations than has been the ituation for years The polls in Mason City opened t 7 and in other Cerro Gordo pre incts at 8 oclock in the morning All polls close at 8 p m barechested and wearing hammer and sickle insignia fought hand to band with fascists and nazis in a brief battle for liberation The Italian populace cheered American and allied infantry and tank teams as they threaded the citys streets rushed to kiss the bearded and grimy liberators and with shrill cries warned of am bushes ahead Some of the Romans died in the citys closing hours of German of machine guns they tried to seize almost barehanded But despite the sporadic clash es which took place even though the German high command had pretended until the last that Rome was an open city the Italian cap Nazis Not Even Putting Up Rear Guard Resistance Allied Headquarters Naples Gen Mark W Clark an nounced Monday that Z partly smashed German armies were in flight north of Rome with the pursuing allied 5th army pounding across the Tiber to the cheers of massed thousands of newly liber ated Romans Clark said the nazi flight above Rome was so precipitate that his 5th army had lost contact with the enemy indicating that the Ger man command was not even put But Monday was in the classic Roman than the Romans were before But they were very happy and there was no doubt they were glad to 6e delivered by the allies and glad to see Americans The entry into Rome was some thing different than anyone hat expected and devoid of the spec tacular triumph style The soldiers were happy bu restrained They were overawec by Rome and within a short timi it was evident that Rome hac taken them as much as they hac taken Rome The peoples reception ap proached hysteria as the morning wore on and as more and mon troops came into the city At a m Lt Gen Mark W Clark wearing a simple field uni form and no decorations enterec the city in a jeep and drove to th Campodoglio or Roman cit hall and formally proclaimed th occupation praliing the valor o his troops and paying tribute tc those fallen Why the general elected to mak his speech at the Campodoglio i a mystery Its main connectio with Rome lies in the fact that overlooks the ancient Roma ting up a rear guard cover for the disorderly retreat toward a new defense line Allied fighter bombers smashed heavily at German traffic north of Rome Returning pilots said the harassed nazis were hiding most of their transport under trees by tic side of the roads waiting for darkness to protect them from the lowflying allied warplanes Up to 500 American heavy bombers ranged along the rail way lines all the way from the battle area to the Fo valley smashing at half a dozen bottle neck points including Bologna Castle Slaggiore Fcrrara Faenza Forli and Rimini ital wilh ils slore of cullural and religious treasures apparently came through unscathed for the most part Police officers said all was quiet at the Vatican where the pope has been a virtual prisoner of German bayonets since last Sep tember A Berlin broadcast said Baron von Weizsaecker Germin am bassador to the Holy See has left his residence in Rome Villa Bonaparte and moved to Vatican City Other diplomatic missions the tripartile powers will move U S SUBS SINK 16 JAP SHIPS Continue Battle of Attrition in Pacific Washington CURJU S subma p rines maintaining their war of to citvTnameiy those of attrition against the weakening Japanese supply lines have sunk 16 more enemy ships including one large transport one large cargo vessel and seven medium cargo vessels the navy announced Monday A communique said that the other ships sunk were 2 small cargo vessels 4 medium cargo transports and one small cargo transport Navy announcement1 during the past 5 weeks have told of sinking of 43 Japanese ships indicating that U S submarines are account ing for an average of better than a ship a day The announced number of enemy ships hit by American sub marines in this war now stands at 740 including 589 sunk 36 probably rank and 115 damaged Japnn Hungary Slovakia Ro mania and Finland British correspondents in Ma drid said the pope spent Sunday in prayer and in consultation with papal officials during the hours of violent liberation of the city The Swiss guard had been doubled about Valican City to prevent an influx of refugees German broadcasts said allied diplomatic representatives to Ihe Holy See already had left the Vatican precincts for their old aparlmonls Although in Rome first reports from Rome were scanty concerning damage in the city a number of demolitions were carried out by the Germans Dispatches said the Fiat factory had been the scene of one such demolition while ef forts apparently were miiH ;