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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 4, 1941, Mason City, Iowa HIST MEM AR r D fP T OF I 0 ft A COM D t S I N S I A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME E EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LKftSFO WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JUNE 4 1941 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SKCtlONS SECTION ONE MASON CITY LTHE BRIGHT SPOT NO 202 Are Americans Emphasis Now Placed on Education EDITORS NOTE Tills U of ft serita of articles written by W Eirl UiH Mison Cily GlobcGalclCB manaciaff editor In the course of tour through South America as or party of 13 guests et the Carnejii Endowment for International Ptace Number 74 By W EARL HALL RIO DE ally Brazil today stands roughly where United States of North America stood a half century ago Whether she will follow a like course remains to be seen It was in about 1890 that United States became educationcon scious in a big way High schools began to spring up everywhere and colleges had a tremendous growth This trend has been con iinuous since although at present there are indications a level ing off Brazil too has all of a sudden become aware of the importance of at for all and is moving toward that objective at a rather surprising pace There are of course some almost insurmountable barriers to be hurdled but an interesting and in most ways encouraging start lias been made A firsthand version of Braz ils education methods and ideals was given to me last night by C A Nobrego da Cun ha national director of pri mary education Mr Nobregos personal charm is belter than his English but we got along with the help of a little trans lation service from Dean Har old Benjamin of Maryland an educator in our Carnegie group While statistics of a reliable nature are not available Doctor Nobrego is of the opinion that something more than half of Brazils children of school age are attending public schools In 1930 when Getulio Vargas seized pow as presidentdictator J only aoout one outoffourwas in school There has been a rather com plete nationalizing both higher and secondary education roughly borders of the equivalent of our colleges and possessions high schools but the taking over of primary education on a federal basis has only started This is DoclotNobregos assignment f The ultimate goal of educa tion here he pointed out is to wipe out illiteracy in the vast and almost unknown inland as well as in great coastal centers such as Eio But Doctor Nobre go recognizes the necessity of moving slowly He thinks in terms of a longrange program EXKAISER WILHELM DIES RAF Bombs Beirut in New War Front Threat BRITISH TAKE SYRIAN BORDER Nazis Declare England Bleeding to Death From Sea Lifelines BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS With the British public clam oring for action RAF airplanes Wednesday bombed the oil depot at Beirut French ruled Lebanon in what may have been the open ing blow in the next great cam paign of the war Simultaneously a u t h oritative quarters in London said Britaii had now taken necessary pre cautious in regard to neighboring Frenchcolony in th middle imperial head quarters at Cairo announced tha British troops had occupied Mo sul the center of Iraqs rich oi fields As the w a r momentarily threatened to boil over into this new theater in the eastern med iterranean the Syrian high command decalred that the army of the Levant was ready to defend its territory againsi any attacks In Berlin a nazi spokesma said France had taken certai protective measures along t h some oE her coloni an evident refereni to Syria and Lebanon trainee Gets Field Range Home Thone Number Mixed FORT BRAGG N Car draft drama A nostalgic trainee at the field artillery replacement training center relaying firing commands for 75 mm guns when the order came ver the telephone Range 4000 Still thinking of home the trainee relayed a home town telephone umber Range 8192 Now the government is contesting a suit for three turkeys a cow nd a silo Former Emperor Was Chief of Mightiest War Machine Died as Woodchopper Exile ake refuge in Holland He never vent back ASSERT 25000 ARE IN CRETE Recapitulating the 12 day battle f Crete the Germans asserted hat 12000 more British and Greek troops had been captured on he blitzravaged Mediterranean sland maUinga total of 25000 The latest group of captives it was said included 8000 British and Greeks Previous British reports said 15000 troops had been safely withdrawn from Crete out of an original contingent of some 30000 BRITISH WAIT FOR WAR BLAZE IN SYRIA Amid official silence Britons vaited for word that the war may already have flamed into action in Frances middle east colonies of Syria and Lebanon Cabinet Minister Lord Beaver brookss newspaper the London Evening Standard declared British troops should occupy Syria at necessary for the defense of Palestine and de manded we afraid of war with France It would be better if we saw the issue as clearly as Ad miral Darlau French vice prem CABINET OF EGYPT QUITS CAIRO OT Egyptian cabinet resigned Wednesday night It was understood that Pre mier Hussen Sirry Pasha would be designated to form a new cabi net Thursday The shakeup was declared by authoritative quarters to be oc casioned by the present grave circumstances involving fear of a German thrust into the rich val Froin rule over a huge empire and command the worlds mightiest military machine to woodchopping and rosegardening From adulation as the all highest of a nation oC U7000OGO to the abusive invective and scorn ful castigation of most of the civ ilized From inspiration of dread on two continents to toleration as a harmless old Such was the range covered by Friedrich Wilhelm Victor Albert Hohenzollern scion of a long line of Prussian kings and third and last emperor of the imperia eich which Bismarck the iron hancellor forged on the smvi f French defeat in 1871 Born Jan 27 1859 he was 11 ears old and under rigorous raining for the Prussian throne vhcn the empire was created He never forgot the thrill of belli llowecl to ride in the triumpha procession when his gnmdfathei victorious from France entered Berlin as emperor Tha doughty old ruler survived unti Reports reaching Vichy the French capital said the British planes Wednesday morning at tacked Beirut blowing up reser voirs and bombing the oil depot there NAZI CLAIM RECALLS WILHELMS FALSE BOOST In the background of the war Germanys former Kaiser Wil helm II died in his Dutch exile at Doom even as Germans under the swastika regime of Adolf Hitler declared that Britain was bleed The newspaper asserted that llarlan bitter foe of England had offered Syria to Germany as payment in his betrayal on the installment plan BULLETINS March 9 1888 His successor Wil lelms father Emperor Friedricl only 99 days dying ot tu jerculosis of the throat Thus iclin II reached tiic thonc whe 29 years old 26 Years of Peace WASHINGTON sentative Edelstein 63 DN Y dropped dead of heart dis ease outside the house chamber Wednesday ifswniiniitct after making a speech on the TOPEKA After viewing n parade of 1500 mechanized troops Topekans heard Brig Gen R C Rodgers Fort Riley com nandant call it one of the most Ilium c of Germany Auslro iungary and Italy weakened In 1913 for no apparently sig fleant reason aside from distrust the motives behind German olicies war talk hummed roughout Europe Yet in that year when Wilhelm ceived congratulations on his Iver jubilee he was greeted as preserver of the peace oE Europe nd he emphasized that he had ily two aims avoidance of armed onflict and advancement of his eoples welfare The following summer the pen iilum swung On June 28 1914 Archduke Francis Ferdinand heii o AustroHungarian throne was 7ith his wife assassinated at Sa ajevo capital of Bosnia a prov nce whose annexation by the Vienna government in 1308 hac nought protests from Russia unc Serbia Vienna blamed Belgrad or this killing because Gavrilo Jrinzip the assassin had come rom the Serbian capital with Ser ian passports Under Austrian hreaU of reprisals Serbia ap pealed to its big Slav brother at St Petersburg Cruise Abandoned Germany had not been consulted y her ally in the framing of the ultimatum to Serbia and Wilhelm liad started a summer cruise to EXKAISER WILHELM II pitiful things I said those Our first great task1 he said is to train teachers Getting the means to buidl adequate school buildings and pay our teachers a proper wage is another problem we face Then we must build a curriculum which wTIU make our boys arid girls literate in econo mics and other subjects They must be educated with a purpose The mere ability to read and write isnt enough By federal law school children of Brazil must wear uniforms a regulation which in the next few months is to be extended to upper grades Doctor Nobrcpo regards this cis an effective device for putting rich and poor on equal footing so far as their time in school are concerned In other South American x c e p t boys and girls are educated separately in keeping with church tradition But in Brazil coeducation is stressed as a matter of policy along with the obliteration of racial lines in Afducation JAs in our own country Brazil fts seen a warm fight on the iicslton of permitting women tn Jich after they are married rtius far no restraint against them fs been written into law and IjcloT Nobrego expressed a frank that none ever would be 1Married women he said lavc an understanding of chil ipn not always Ijmd in those arent married down through the years been rather loosely organized a federal entity A few states feably Sao Paytlo have exer disproportionate influence disputes even wars between have been frequent Presi Int Vargas is trying to change Ts condition lAnd a principal implement in liiieving national unity is to be I schools This is a foremost link in the current educational Titform of Brazil Whether this national unity Tto have a democratic flavor or Ijether it will smack of totalitar Tiism is a question I cant ans Frankly I have my tears In of youth is a drcad 1 ly dangerous weapon Witness Jidcrn Germany Or Russia Or lan Or Italy ing to death from the wounds in her lifelines across the sea The nazi claim that England was bleeding to on an assertion that half Brit ains prewar merchant fleet has been o u I d have rung familiarly in the old Kaisers ears tf K W He would have recalled an hour of false hope in his own heyday in April 1917 when the British were declared to have been beaten to their knees by the kaisers siukonsight U boat cam Weather Report FORECAST Wednesday night Thursday partly cloudy slightly warmer extreme south showers northwest portion late Thursday afternoon or night MINNESOTA Partly cloudy Wed nesday night Thursday mostly cloudy with showers west por tion and east portion late Thurs day afternoon or night little temperature change IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday night At 8 a m Wednesday YEAR paign j Maximum Less than 17 months later Wili Minimum helm fled a beaten Germany to 1 Precipitation 71 53 67 Kfi 62 85 have ever seen trucks were as lelpless as a fleet of vegetable rucks Each of them should have lad three machine guns an anti aircraft gun side arms and rifles t there wasnt a gun in the lot We simply havent got them For 2G years thereafter he rulec an empire at peace while his realm spread geographically and movet to the forefront of world progre in culture and science in trade and industry Articles made in Germany became known in vir tually every market Social legis lation providedold agepensions and unemployment Insurance for workers Industrialists built enor mous fortunes Students from oth er nations flocked toGerman uni versities An acquisitive colonial policy saw protectorates over German Southwest Africa and German East Africa both established by the diplomacy of Bismarck in the evolved until those terri tories became crown colonies Me gotiations with France over the latters policy in Morocco resulted Scandinavia He was in northern waters when the Austrian minis ter left Belgrade the evening of July 25 The next day Austria and Serbia mobilized Wilhelm hurried back to Berlin but did not reach there until July a conference of the sovereigns of German states That conference accepted cer tain amendments to the German constitution curtailing the emper ors power to declare war and sign treaties Papers in various parts oE Germany broke the censorship and began to clamor for abdication of the Hohenzollerns Berlin crowds demonstrated for a republic Still Wilhetm held on Ho said ie would abdicate when the in terests of Germany demanded it but that time is not yet conic Austria dropped out of the war and Prince Max asked the allies for an armistice Wilhelm left Berlin and went general army headquarters at Spa There he asked his generals if he could still depend upon his army Advised of the worst he signed his abdication on Nov G entered an automobile and sped across the Dutch frontier to the chateau of CountBentnick at WASHINGTON MP Secre tary Knox said Wednesday that the navy hid Oeen unable to determine yet whether expan sion of the American naval pa trol had substantially reduced the effectiveness of German submarine operations f WASHINGTON UR Secre tary of State Cordell Hull Wednesday gave the first official intimation that Ambassador John G Winant had brought back a grave report on dangers to the United States He said he and Winant had gone over foreign policy generally as it relates to the international naval md mili tary situation and the stale of international danger to the United States An example of Brazils expanding educational facilities is shown new 11 story library in Sao Paulo where Mr Hail slopped before steaming up the coast to Rio dc Janeiro This 5300000 struc ture with a capacity of 100000 books will he dedicated in November but all the librarys services will not be functioning until 1942 in cession of French territory in the Congo region Within the year 1889 Wilhelins Pacific possessions were increased by division of the Samoan islands among Germany Great Britain and the United States nnd the purchase of the Caroline and Ladrone groups from Spain And alongside this peaceful progress Germany built up an army and navy based upon uni versal service which made ev ery ablebodied German a trained fighter ready to follow the imperial war standards wherever they might lead Deutschlancl Ubcr Alles in hose yearn superseded Die Wacht Am Hhein as the national song or as fears of French revenge for he defeat of 187071 laded there nrose a determination to make crmany truly all And other nations kept pace Diplomats up in Europe a series of en tentes and alliances aimed at maintaining a balance of power That entailed constant emphasis upon bayonets as a means of keeping the beam from swinging toward the other fellow An armed camp was a common term for describing Europe Suspicions Abroad Emperor Wilhelm reveled in al this He personally dabbled in art lent the prestige of his position to cultural movements took com mand of his army at scmiannua maneuvers and used every means of his great power to hasten the building of a modern fleet To emphasize his personal in Iterest in the navy and merchan marine he kept himself afloat on every possible occasion voyaginj to neighboring countries on hi team yacht or taking the helm ii iiis own hands as his sailing yachl the Americandesigned Meteor raced crack boats in internationa regattas He trained his mustach upwards at the ends achieving martial effect which becam known as the Kaiser Wilhelm If all this made for content ment and loyalty at home it operated abroad to create unrest and distrust Wil helms penchant for meddling personally in inter national situations complaints ol industrial leaders who found German competitors invading pet markets and the constant rattling of German sabers tend ed to alienate the other great powers and keep smaller nations away from the German fold The triple entente of Great Britain France and Russia hemming in Wilholms realm by land and sea srcw stronger even as the triple 28 The German government thereupontook the attitude that Ihe affair should be localized meaning that Russia should not in terfere Berlin advised Vienna to modify its demands upon Serbia but Austria refused Russia there upon began to prepare for war IJcrlin alarmed advised Aus tria to accept British mediation the Vienna government de cided tu adopt this course But the czar had received assurances of French support and sum moned his legions to arms Wil helms government gave him 12 hours in which to demobilize and this failing declared war Wilhelm signed the mobilization order OH Aug 1 Two days later having received an uncertain re ply to inquiries as to Paris in tentions Germany also declared war on France The next day England declared war on Ger many because the latter would not promise to respect the ncu rality of Belgium MILITARY RITES TO BE HELD AT DOORN MONDAY German High Command to Take Full Charge of Military Ceremonies AP Kaiser Wilhelm II died Wed nescliiy almost 23 years after he fled from the crumbling failure of his own European war plan ff DNIJ German official news agency reported from Amsterdam that the 82 year old whitebearded former emperor died at a m a m CST in a sudden relapse of an illness which brought members of his family to his bedside last week An intestinal d i s o r d e r complicated at the last by a lung emboly caused his death Even in death the Old Man of Doorn is not to return to the land e once ruled He is to be buried at Doom next Monday but on the orders of Adolf Hitler a military funeral with full honors is to be accorded Through these swift moving ents Wilhelm had set for him If the task of drawing England way from France and Russia Savys Failure Finis In I he early stages of the war 10 German military machine huh Wilhelm had been nurturing or In years overran Belgium rove to the outskirts of Paris and cfcaled the Russians But the jrcrmnn navy Wilhelms pet ouldnt cope with Ihc superior eets of the allies It remained ottled up while Britains block de slowly tightened and strangled ic life out of the German empire tlempts to break this grip by ruthless submarine warfare rought the United States into the onflict and after four years of tnigglc the tide turned on land With the breaking of the fam ous HindcnburB line in which American troops played a lead ing part the war lord began to see the handwriting on the wall But as late as September he evidence that he yet hoped to avert the crash In a speech to workers at the Krupp munitions plants in Essen he avowed he was doing all in his power to shorten the struggle That same month he ordered German forces in Russia to join the bolsheviks in fighting the allies and he told a group of Austrian command ers he felt sure they would give the right answer to the Ameri can armies With his old lime pomp he xis ited Kiel and watched Uboats demonstrate how they sank con voyed troop ships noncombatant passenger liners and hospital ves sels Less than six weeks before he fled from Germany he told a Westphalian audience that his troops were prepared to fight to a victorious end Monarchy Ends At the beginning of October Chancellor Hertling resigned and was succeeded by Prince Maximil lian of Baden Oct 8 the emperor in a proclamation to the army and navy announced he had decided to offer peace to the enemy Four days later Prince Max summoned Amerongen He remained there more than a year then purchased an estate at Doom Holland Sanctuary That he lived thereafter in peacefulif dull exile was due to the refusal of Holland to surren der him to the allies The Ver sailles peace conference put the blame for the war on Germany and on Jan 20 1920 thc allies made formal demand that The Netherlands deliver into their hands William Hohenzollern for mer emperor of Germany in or der that he may be judged It was proposed to try him before an international tribunal on charges of violating the neutrality of Bel gium and Luxembourg system atic outrages upon civilians in the war zones devastation of invaded regions and deaths and injuries to noncombatants through un restricted submarine warfare Hollands refusal sent four days later said both justice ancl honor forbade yielding to the demand The note pointed out also that the Versailles treaty could not define the duty of Holland since thai government was not a parly to the pact Through the years then Wil helm remained in seclusion ut Doorn The German republic passed a law forbidding him to set foot on German soil but gradually the resentment against him personally died down and when the statulc ex pired in 1929 it was significant of the changing ideas of the world that no attempt was made to renew it Imperial Germanys last emperor The German high command has taken full charge oE the mili tary phase nfthe funeral a tok en perhaps thai reconciliation between the fuehrer and the for mer emperor liadbccn complete V At his bedside when he died were only a few close members of his second wife Prin SEB IAGE IS For Full Page nf Pictures From Life of ExKaiser Wiihelm grew a beard and wrote his memoirs In them he fiercely defended himself and Germany against the verdict of war guilt declared his conscience was clear and got solace from his lifelong interest in religion For exercise he chopped trees and shrubs until the clearing up of the estate and advancing years dictated a change in pastimc Thcreaflcr he devoted long hours to extensive rose gardens Tragedies in his family inter rupted the routine of exile in its early stages In July 1320 the youngest of his six sons Prince Joachim committed suicide after brooding over a divorce suit in stituted by his wife and worrying about reduced finances The acl greatly depressed the former em peror and it added to the burdens of the former kaiserin Augusta Victoria of SchleswigHolstein who had been fighting a hearl ailment She died April II 1921 years after her marriage Wilhelm took a second wife on Nov 5 1922 when he married thi widowed Princess Hermine o Reuss over objections his fam ily and of monarchists in Ger many The latter emphasized tha she was not of royal blood and that the match might handicap restoration cess Hermine his daughter the Duchess of Brunswick and his grandsons Louis Ferdinand Karl and Franz Joseph and the latters wife Princess Henrietta The first kaiserin died April 11 1921 and was buried at Pottsdam The former emperors eldest liv ing son and successor as head of the Hohenzollern family Crown Prince Friedrich With elm had been at his fathers side earlier but left late last week when the for mer kaiser seemed to rally Second in the family line Prince Louis Ferdinand also was away from Doorn It was reported here that the former emperor talked for several hours Tuesday afternoon with his major domo but showed signed of n relapse later approached a crisis at H p in and shortly thereafter lost The Hohcnzollorn flag flew al halfmatt from Castle Doom The Oia Man of Doorn whn in his time commanded the worlds mightiest military ma chine regarded the ascendency of Adolf Hitler to the leadership i of the reich in 1933 as a step in the richl direction PRESIDENT OF BAXD IOWA CITY Paar man of Davenport junior liberal arts student has been elected pres ident of the University of Iowa concert band When Hitler picked up the tabei ropped in 1918 by the kaiser and urned it into terrifying blitzkrieg n 1939 13 of WilhelnYs family ere in nazi uniform One son rince Oscar of Prussia 11 grand ons and one grandnephew of the aiser marched with the gray green legions Two of the grand ons since have fallen iti battle Another grandson was interned by he British Rumor on rumor had cropped up since 1933 that the Kaiser was actively behindthescenes of rejuvenated Germany and that he would one day triumphantly re turn to Berlin to claim his de vine right as emperor All such reports were quickly spiked Old trees can not be trans planted the Kaiser often re marked seemingly content in his orderly life at the Doorn estate In the past decade his routine of breakfast at a m morn ing woodchopping tea cor respondence period lunch nap tea again a walk dinner and lights out at 10 p m had been disturbed by attacks of rheuma tism or colds He followed the present war painstakingly as though ho had a commanding position at the nazi general headquarters He marked the progress of the nazi war ma chine by affixing tiny flags on detailed maps of European coun ;