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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 3, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME T OF COMC STOa Y ASCK I S THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOLL i and United Press Pull Leased Wirei I Five CenU Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JUNE 3 NO PRIMARY VOTE TO BE MONDAY AT IOWA POLLS Longest Campaign Is Near End Governor Race Is in Spotlight By JOHN II CHAPMAN Des Moiues long est and dullest political campaign was nearing the end Saturday as republican and democratic par tisans prepared to go to the polls Monday to pick their candidates for the fall election The primary campaign now closing has been the longest for 2 reasons First the leading contenders for the republican nomination for governor were active long before the normal period for circulation of nominating petitions had ar rived and it had been assumed almost from the beginning of Gov B B Hickenloopers administra tion that he would seek the sen atorship this year Second the deadline for filing declaration of candidacy with the secretary of state was ad vanced nearly 6 weeks when the legislature in special session last winter extended the time in which sen7ice men and women could vote by absentee ballot This has been the dullest cam paign for various reasons Fore most of course is the war Prep arations for the invasion of Eu rope coinciding with the cam paign made it doubly difficult for the average citizen to focus his attention on the ambitions of a few Individuals seeking political office lowans in the closing weeks of the campaign also have been concerned with tornadoes and floods Spring farm work already Yank Flyers Hit Romania Land on Bases in Russia Eastern Command U S Stra tegic Air Force Somewhere in Russia Strong formations ol American Flying Fortresses and Mustang fighters escorts have landed at secretly prepared American bases in Russia after bombing Romanian targets ac complishing westeast bombing of Hitlers fortress for the first time and establishing joint offensive operations with the red air force The historic operation com pleted Friday was disclosed to be delayed struck when the storms Increased earnings flowing into the pockets of war workers also tends to dull interest in politics As one observer expressed this situation when folks are hard up theyre mighty concerned about who holds office when theyre well off they dont care much Absence of contests has been partly responsible for the lack of this year1 If there is a local scrEp party workers are more successful In stirring up interest in voting in the primaries This year there was difficulty in getting even one preson in eacli party to run for some offices to say nothing of 2 or more so there would be a con test This was just as true in case of some state and district offices as It was of the court house posts uarticularly on the democratic side In Mondays primaries Iowa voters will nominate candidates for United States senator 8 rep in congress gover nor lieutenant governor and oth er state offices excepting district and supreme court iudpes and state superintendent of public In 29 state senators and 108 state representatives and county offices Gov Hickenlooper Is unopposed for the republican nomination for llnifefl States senator Sen Gny M Gillette democrat seeking re nomination Is imposed by Ernest J Seemann of Waterloo The contest that has generated most interest Is that for the re publican nomination for governor The candidates are Robert D Blue of Eagle Grove now lieutenant governor Henry W Burma of the fruition of a longrange Amer ican Russian British air plan through which the 3 powers ii intimate collaboration trough the most farflune portions of the nazi domain under precision bombing All indications were that the shuttle bombing was launched from bases in Italy The Mediter ranean air command announced without details that its planes had participated but a detailed story of the attack written by Associ ated Press Correspondent Joseph Morton at Bari Italy was held up by the censors A special communique issued by the supreme allied command in the Mediterranean Saturday morning several hours after full accounts had come from Russia said that a force of allied strate gic bombers and fighters attacked enemy targets in Romania Friday and proceeded to Russian bases It continued As is customary no further details can be given on this operation except by the air commander In Russia Com plete details will be made avail able when publication will in n way jeopardize the success of combat The dramatic arrival of Ameri can bombers and fighters on Rus sian soil presumably from Italy evoked this first communique from ECUSSA eastern command U S strategic air A large force of strategic bombers and fighters Friday at tacked Romanian targets selected ALLIED TROOPS GAIN IN BURMA INDIAN FRONTS Americans on Biak Island Poised for New Thrusts at Japs By DEAN SC1IEDLER Associated Press War Editor Allied forces in the Asiatic the ater of war are slashing hard at Japanese forces registering gains in Burma and India while Amer ican troops on Biak island in the southwest Pacific were getting raised for new thrusts at the en emy Americans and Chinese attack E from 3 sides are making gains within and outside the north Surma Japanese base of Myit kyina Driving from the northues one column gained nearly a mile n face of stiff opposition while in he southern part of the town it self allied troops inched for wan 400 yards by our Russian ally and then con tinued to Russian bases Enemy opposition was slight One bomber was lost and one fighter is still outstanding The red air force cooperated by attacking enemy airdromes on the route of the allied strategic forje ap4 fighter support Late Friday night the Buda pest radio went off the air a possibility that the 2nd phase he shuttle operation might be under way The American flyers were greeted by beaming Russian and American ground crews as well as an official welcoming group which included U S Ambassador W Averell Harriman and Maj Gen John R Deane head of the American military mission to Russia In an enthusiastic celebration the American Legion of Merit which the flyers had brought was presented to Soviet Lt Gen Al exander R Perminoy in charge of Russian facilities for the Amer icans It was a brief but happy cele bration before servicing the air craft with fuel and ammunition for another call on the axis en route to their home bases in Eng land Italy and Africa said Deane The American airmen unable to speak Russian heartily greet ed the Russians as Ivan The soviet mechanics replied appro priately They had worked for months with American ground crews to get the bases ready The allied communique sail British Chindit troops killed 70 Japanese before they from a road block between Mo g a u n g and Myitkyina Thi brought the claimed total for th Chindits to at least 3700 Japanes killed thus far in the Burm campaign In a drive to make contact wit the allies in the Myitkyina secto the Chinese high command an nounced 20000 American traine Chinese troops were advancin through rain mud and mis These Chinese troops drivin from the Salween river area Yunnan smashed strongly de fended Japanese positions nort of the Burma road Lt Gen Joseph H SUlwell communique said Chinese troop in the Salween river area north the Burma road gained the ou skirts of Chiaotou where fierc fighting is now in progress In their Hunan offensive th Japanese have captured 2 stron points east of Changteh and no of Cbangsha This places the en emy 22 miles east of Changteh scene of last years rice bowl battle The Japanese took Lpingkiang 50 miles northeast of Changsha while to the west about 100 miles northwest of Changsha Japanese troops seized Ansiarig and drove southwards to within 9 miles of Shanshow where they were 500 Bombers lit Railroads Channel Coast London Ii Allied daylight ormations raced across the chan el Saturday carrying the current erial offensive against Hitlers eleaguered continental fortress ito its 16th day after a force of lore than 500 RAF bombers at acked the nazis west wall der enses and crumbling rail fauili les Friday night The night blows climaxed a day vhich saw the allied air forces xpand their pincers campaign gainst the continent to a 3way erial stranglehold from Britain he Mediterranean and Russia Rounding off a day which uought an epochal shuttle raid iy American bombers to new Russian bases and 2 heavy bomb r attacks on France from Britain y daylight the RAF night bomb er fleet dealt a quick followup drubbing to German defenses along the channel coast and again attacked the great Trappes rail way yards on the outskirts Paris A side force of RAF Mosquitoes ittacked the chemical center of Leverkusen in Germany near Col ne a frequent target of recent attacks and other formations laid mines in enemy waters Seventeen British planes were missing from the night operations and at least 7 German fighters were shot down the air ministry announced Allied bombers based in Italy attacked objectives at Giurgiu a Romanian city on the Danube riv er Friday night Planes of the Mediterranean allied air force flew approximately 1700 sorties Friday A communique said 5 of these Italianbased planes were missing Giurgiu is Romanias most im portant river port for the ship ment of oil from the Ploesti fields Exclusive of the night attacks a total of more than 5000 allied planes participated in the massive 2way assaults Friday dropping nearly 7000 tons of explosives Allies Seize Most of Alban Hills Last Nazi Defense Line Before Rome WILL ITS TREASURES SURVIVE BATTLE ALLIES NEAR is shown a view of St Peters worlds largest church which is one of the many historical treasures the fate of which depends on whether or not Germany decides to defend the eternal city DISEASE OF COWS HITS NORTH IOWA New Malady pound in WARRUINED CITY DESCRIBED Road Into Valmontone Stained With Blood By TAMES E ROPER Valmontone red clay road Italy CUR The into Valmontone stopped According to a Chinese army spokesman the Japanese have massed 280000 troops for their at tempt to cut China in two by taking control of the CantonHan kow railway He pointed out the Japanese have termed 1944 the decisive year and as the allies move nearer Japan the enemy will try for a showdown fight where they believe the final bat tle of the war must be fought eventually American troops on Biak island in the Schoulen islands of Dutch New Guinea were reinforced Saturday as fighting lulled into patrol clashes Strong enemy re sistance temporarily stalled Yank advancement toward the 3 stra tegic airdromes American troops made prise landing 7 miles to the south east of the Empress Augusta Bay beachhead thus pinching the Jap anese from both sides Meanwhile along the coast o British New Guinea Australiai jungle troops were closing in on the Nipponese trapped in the We wakHansa Bay area Aussie Allison speaker of the iiouse in i While the idea of the westeast i miles southeast h Ifl43 legislative session and buttle bombin i Milton W Strickler Des Moines lawyer There are 3 candidates for the republican nomination for lieu tenant governor also They are K A Evans Emerson G W Kuril Guttenberg and Hugh W Lundy Albia All 3 are state sen ators All 8 Iowa congressmen are seeking renomination riginated with Gen H II nold commander ot the United States army air forces the project vas first decided on at U S Sec of State Hulls Moscow conferences last fall and got Jnder way last February after it had been discussed at the Teheran conferences of President Roose velt Marshal Stalin and Prime Minister Churchill Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness Saturday night and Sunday Thundershowers and cooler Fresh to strong winds Iowa Partly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday scattered thundershowers north and ex treme west portions Saturday night and entire state Sunday cooler north and extreme wesl portions Saturday night and north and west portions Sunday fresh to strong winds Minnesota Showers Saturday night and Sunday cooler south portion fresh to strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 87 Minimum Friday night 66 At 8 a m Saturday 71 YEAR AGO Maximum 32 Minimum 63 Precipitation 31 forces have reached a point ol Hansa Ba was said to have j without meeting any opposition Fifth ailforce planes have bomb ed and strafed the thousands of Japanese reported in that area daily was stained black Friday with the blood ot German and American soldiers It wassignificant of the battle in which Americans smashed Her mann Goering troops to take this city The black splotches on the red clay were from the men of both sides who fell before the American artillery and German machine gun fire Along the roadside lay wrccket German tanks and guns together with ammunition and soldiers gear At outskirts of the town were sprawled several dead Ger mans On Highwayr6jusbeaatpfVal montone there was a heap o German bodies They had trieo to enter the town early Friday But as the three trucks of German infantry neared the town Amer ican troops who already had cu the highway mowed them dowi with antitank guns Although the Germans left hen lateThursday Americans unde Capt Samuel Seelin were unabl to search the town for sniper until Friday afternoon because th flanking drives on either side o the town were more important However they found nothin except several hundred Italia civilians who had braved Amer ican artillery fire and Immbinpr so they could pass from German occupied Italy to alliedoccupied Italy The bombardment destroyed 75 per cent of the town which has a normal population of 6000 and dug huge craters in the streets and the sides of the sheer stone walls atop of which Valmontone is sit uated The destruction was in creased by a German artillery at tack Friday afternoon when they shelled the town with 88s and heavier guns When I arrived in town Friday I saw a halfdazed youth about 21 standing in front of a building with a tommygun When 1 asked pilot in the Mediterranean arcs i his name he stared at me blankly Allies to Hurl Nazis From Rome If They Defend City Allied Headquarters Naples allied command in Italy iledged itself Saturday to continue to take every precaution to pare Rome but declared its fate was up to the Germans who would je hurled out by force if ttcmpted to defend the Eternal City by arms A special communique ex pressed hope the enemy will not make such an illconsidered choice It came the day after ope Pius XII urged that Rome be spared declaring that who ever would dare lift a hand against Rome would be guilty of Nashua A new disease among cows sweeping over the state particularly in the southern and western part has struck Nashua he herd of 19 valuable cows on the Giles C Mitchell farm ten anted by Leslie McManagle hav ing been stricken The first 2 to become sick were thought to have been affected by a bolt of lightning but when more came down Iowa State col lege was called and requested that one that could not live be sent there A report a few days later was that similar cases were coming in from all parts of the state and veterinarians were unable to diagnose the disease Three ot the herd died and others were sick and the remain der were shipped to the eastern market Symptoms were first noticeable when the tows failed to let down their milk became drowsy and would not eat or drink WALLACE TALKS IN SIBERIA Neville Duke Shoots Down 26th Airplane Allied Air Force Headquarters Italy Leader Ne ville Duke became the top scoring CHAINED TO METER Buffalo N Y Roy Herbold is puzzled over the intent of a motorist who chained his automobile parking meter by destroying fi enemy aircraft from May 13 to 21 to bring liis total to 26 it was announced Saturday His squadron operat ing from the beachhead strip wiped out 16 enemy planes and damaged 10 in that period Buy War Savings Bonds and to a downtown Stamps from your GlobeGazette I carrier boy Then lie screwed up his dirt smeared face IKS if trying to figure out what I said Tell him your name his bud dies said Tell him your name and get in the papers Finally the kid gave his last name but I never was able to get his first name as the captain or dered the company to look for snipers The kid his face still screwed up and his green eyes glazed lial staggered out across the town stumbling over chunks of stone that littered the streets matricide The allies have only taken and only will take military action igainst Rome insofar as the Ger mans use the city its highways and its roads for their military purposes the communique said The text of the statement A Hied military authorities confronted by the ruthless in Italy are interested solely in the destruction and elimination of German forces In thatcountry will tinue to take every possible pre caution during the course of their campaign to spare Innocent civil ians and cultural and religious monumenls of permanent value to civilization In particular they arc deeply conscious of the unique position occupied by Rome as one of the chief historical religious and cul tural centers ol the world and of the fact that Rome is the seat of his holiness the pope and con tains the neutral state of the Vatican city It is therefore the firm inten tion of allied Governments and o allied authorities to continue to take every precaution in their owcr consistent with essential military requirements to safc uard the population of Rome and ts historical and religious monu ments The allies have only taken and only take military action ainst Rome insofar as the Ger mans use the city railways and for their military purposes f the Germans choose to defend 3ome allies will be obliged to take appropriate military measures to eject them It there fore is the sincere hope of his majestys government and the United States government thaf ihe enemy will not make such an illconsidered choice Asks Collaboration For Stable Peace London in Rus sian to a native audience in the Siberian town of President Wallace Irkutsk Vice said that It is becoming quite clear that only the full collaboration between our two countries and their nllies can insure to the world a stable peace and true development The Moscow radio reporting the speech last night saidv Wallace enroute to1 China was greeted warmly Wallace told his audience that development of the American Northwest Canada Alaska and soviet Siberia must play an im portant part In postwar construc tion and that United States and Canada must make a decisive effort in the task of developing their northern regions1 as has been doneby Russia A dispatch from Moscow said Wallace visited some of the great centers in Siberia including Kom somolsk and Yakutsk inspected factories and farms and talked to Industrial and agricultural lenders He did some work himself in vegetable gardens Wallace declared iic witnessed soviet determination to produce the maximum 5TH ARMY CUTS ENEMY LINES IN MANY PLACES Nazis Between Alban Hills and Seacoast Jeopardized by Gains BULLETIN A 11 ic d Headquarters Naples JR American troops have smashed through German posi tions south of Rome at many places in advances to within 10 miles of the Eternal City The breaching of the last Ger man line before Rome put the 5th army in a strategic position for a quick dash to the Italian capital and also for a faiiout to right and left on the plains before the city to assail the nazi units from the rear By NOLAND NORGAARD Allied Headquarters Naples forces have broken through enemy positions south of Rome in many places and now hold most of the Alban hills dom inating the approaches to Rome headquarters announced Saturday night At the same time the 8th army stabbing through the Sacco val ley to the southeast captured Anugni 7 miles northwest at Ferentino and a mile and a half above the Via Casilina allied forces of the 2 main armies are driving toward a junction on the tamed highway American troops crashed through the nazi stronghold of Lanuvio west of Velletri Satur day knocking out one of the most heavilydefended points In GROUNDED SHIP BREAKS SS Henry Bergh which went ashore on the rockv ledges of theTarallon islands off the Golden Gate was breakingiip the next dav Stern of the wrecked vessel is at right More than 1000 sailors were rescued from the craft without loss of life shortly after it ran aground The ship was operating as a naval trans port and was enroute from the Pacific war theaters Leaps From Plane But Goes Higher Instead of Down Washington young paratrooper leaped from his plane yelling Geronimo like all good paratroopers but he didnt go down He went up He watched his buddies swing in diminishing pendulums toward the ground gazed anxiously as his airplane faded into the distance as he personally floated higher and higher With no more control over his movements than a wisp of thistle down relates the officialservice magazine air force para Nazis Again Say Rome Open City London Berlin broad cast Saturday quoted a foreign office spokesman as saying thai Rome Is free from German armed forces The broadcast was record ed by Reuters The broadcast said the state ment was made in connection with the Popes plea not to destroy Rome and quoted the spokesman as saying On the German side every thing has been done for months to preserve Rome from such a fate Rome today can be rcgardec as a city free from armed forces Team Runs Away 2nd ime as Planes Roar Overhead at Blencoe Blencoc farmer who nee had to train his horses not o flee from that new fanglcd con now aving army bomber trouble For le second time in 3 months IcCrilFs dray team ran awny Fri ay as a pair of shiny LJ17s roned overhead But a thoroughly modern Pisgah cterinnrian Dr J L Moad has solution for this wartime prob cm of the farmer take the trooper was tossed about on point of a thermal wave the He spent half an hour watch ing his outfit fighting a fierce mock battle on the ground In time the thermal wave released the young man and he came down to join his battalion as a fresh re servist The magazine said the peculiar voyage look place at Fort Ben ning Ga Centenarian Turned Down for job at Plane Plant Voices Peeve Kansas City Young who says he is 100 years old wa a bit peeved over being turne down for employment at th Pratt and Whitney airplane cngin plant Why I can still do a bette days work sprouts physical reasons exploded The centenarian warwork en thusiasl said he was a slave fo 20 years in Lexington Ky and a veteran of both the Civil an SpanishAmerican wars than these youn turn me down fo Huh h Buy War Savings Bonds an Stamps from your GlobeGate ttf carrier boy ilinders off the horses bridle Its not the noise of the bomb er Moad asserted but the re lected light from the shiny plane vhich throws an intense ray into he polished blinders that makes he horse go wild Romes defense lines and other U S forces pushed 2 miles up the Via Casllina from Valmon tone on Hie right flank into the town of Labico In the Alban hills 6 miles north of Velletri doughboy troops had seized Monte Castellacio only 14 miles southeast of Rome The newest breakthrough jeop ardized the whole nazi position between the Alban hills and the seacoast apparently leaving the nazis guarding the Appian Way into Rome with the alternatives cither of fleeing or fighting where their retreat route might easily be cut behind them From the heights Americans were looking down on the last few miles to Romes gates Infantrymen who had taken the nuzis by surprise in smashes through the hills instead of follow ing the valleys now were in posi tion to link up with other U S troops surging toward the city along the Via Casilina Headquarters said fierce fighting was continuing In the Alban hills Saturday night and progress is be ing maintained Headquarters c a u t i o ned that although Velletri and Valmontone bastions of the Romo line have been captured the enemys de fensive positions in this sector have not yet been broken that the German defenses are in con siderable depth and firm resis tance is being encountered The German liicli command reported1 bitter fighting in the Alhau hills Friday and said at tacks at and west of Lanuvio just west of Velletri were repelled An allied spearhead thrusting above Valmontone was brought to a standstill east ot Rocca DL Papa and south of Palestrina 5 miles north of Valmontone the Germans said United States units which took Valmontone struck out ALLIES TAKE KEY show allied drives along the Italian front black line where oth army forces captured Valmontone and Velletri and cut the Via Casilina To the east 8th army troops took Ferentino in their drive along the highway ;