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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 3, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HAHLON E R HIST MEM S AR T 0 P T OF I 0 V A E s f o i 3 i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT VOL XLVI1 ASSOCIATE PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JUNE 3 1941 TUIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION 0KB NO 201 TTWTop Are Americans Brazil Has Vast Natural Resources EDITORS NOTE Tim U another of series of articles written by IV tar I Hall Masoo Citj Gazette muuacinr editor In the course of tour throuib South America as one ol a party of 12 jueils of the Cirncgie Lndowmeitt for Inlcrnilional Price Number 73 By W EARL HALL RIO DE there is in South America one country with an assured industrial future I should say that it is Brazil It has just about everything thats needed in the way of natural as sets on the land surface and be low the surface The same cannot be said for Argentina Chile or any other South American coun try Ive visited Sao Paulo is far along on its way toward becoming a manu facturing center Its factories have sprung up on all hands Rio right now is in the process of giving birlh to its industrial future Factories and processing plants are arising everywhere md there is a corresponding ex nansion in commercial down town Rio CLASH IN FRENCH SYRIA LOOMS Ive referred rather fully lo the vast and varied agriculture of Brazil centering about coffee cotton fruits and stockraising As much could be said about the mining potential For one thing the manganese and iron deposits oE Minas Gerais and adjoining slates rank with the greatest in the world If there is a handicapping defi ciency in the industrial potential of Brazil its in the field of fuel There is an abundance ot coal in the southern part of the country but it is of a rather low order full of sulphur If there is a large sup ply of oil here it hasnt yet been brought to light It may be however that this shortcoming will be obviated by harnessine the countrys vast vater H Here again a ereatiunnsed asset awaits the touchof terprise a force conspicuously lacking in ninetenths of Brazil up to this time The country is also rich in gold mica tungsten nickel crystal bauxite and marble Minas Ger ais Goiaz and Mato Grosso states have seen a gold rush not unlike our own Klondike phenomenon of 1849 Diamonds particularly black ones indispensable for cutting purposes in industry occur in large quantity in Brazil The ter ritory is rich also in the quan tity quality and variety of its semiprecious stones aquamar ines emeralds beryls garnets topazes tourmalines andaluzite amethysts and many others The government maintains a strict control over all mineral wealth Private ownership of mines already in operation is rec ognized under some conditions and federal concessions may be obtained for developing newly found deposits None however but Brazilians may engage in the enterprise Up to this time Ive dealt with the factors on the plus side of the FRENCH NAZIS MAY CONFER ON SYRIA THREAT German Sources Hint New Axis Offensive Is About to Be Launched BERLIN Ger man quarters said Tuesday that Franco German consultations might occur in event of a British attack on Syria should the Vichy government consider such an at tack grounds for altering the FrancoGerman armistice The comment by the nazi spokesman came as German sources hinted that a new axis offensive is about to be launched presumably in the I Mediterranean Discussing reports that the Brit ish may invade Syria the Ger man spokesman said This would primarily be an AngloFrench affair and we nat urally would wait to see how the French react However whether the French themselves would con sider it grounds tor altering Ger manFrench relations as laid down in the armistice agreement Is naturally something that only events themselves would show They pointed out that both Marshal Henri Philippe Petain and Vice Premier Admiral Jean Francois Darlan had made stron statements that France would de fend its territory wherever at tacked by Britain Germany naturally said the spokesman is ready to leave entirely up to the French to carry out this highest duty anc sacred right of a sovereign na tion is possiblethat Germany and France would discuss the question together if France de sired The commentators maintainei reserve on the meeting of Ado Hitler and Benito Mussolini a Brenner pass except to say tha whenever great events hav taken place or are just about to take place it has always been usual for a meeting to occur be tween il duce and the fuehrer11 Chief Justice Hughes Will Retire July 1 WASHINGTON Charles Evans Hughes the eleventh man in history to serve as chief justice of the United States will re linquish his high office on July 1 and retire to private life because of considerations of health and age The decision of the 79 year old jurist to retire marks the end of supreme court service that has covered 19 years first as asso CIIIEF JUSTICE HUGHES Retire July 1 ledger There are at least a few on the minus side One is the enervating climate Most of Brazil is cither tropical or sulilropical Continuous tem peratures of from 80 to 110 de grees arc not conducive lo ag gressive enterprise Then theres the matter ot transportation Railways and highways are scarce It is literal ly true that in most cases bring ig produels in Irom U S Eur and Japan is cheaper and feasible than cashing in on own potentials 900 Students Compete in Brain Derby Held at Iowa University IOWA CITY hundred Iowa school of an original field of com peting here Tuesday and Wednes day in the University of Iowas annual brain derby One of the principal purposes of the derby is to get away from stereotyped textbook studies and emphasize interpretation and un derstanding saiu the programs di rector Prof E F Lindquist of the college of education Qualifiers for the state crown are tested in 11 science biology physics English American government Latin al gebra geometry literature world history and United States history ciate and later as chief justiceIt also closes a career in public life that has been unusually varied an distinguished As soon as ihe chief justices intention to retire became known speculation here fast ened on the question of liis suc cessor Informed sources freely and almost unanimously pre dicted that Attorney General Robert II Jackson a leading administration figure would he President Roosevelts choice to succeed Hughes in the nations highest judicial position By filling this vacancy and an earlier one that lias existed since the retirement of Justice James C McReynolds last Feb 1 Presi dent Roosevelt will have named seven OL the nine members of the tribunal Senator Byrnes D S upon whom the adminis tration relies heavily in pushing legislation through congress is expected to be the other ap pointee Chief Justice Hughes sent his retirement letter to the white house Monday before mounting the bench to preside over the court for its last session until next October 6 NAZIS DECLARE 746000 TONS OF SHIPS SUNK Large Fires Reported Spread in Berlin by RAF in Night Attacks By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Adolf Hitlers high command re ported Tuesday that 746000 tons of British merchant shipping was destroyed in figure closely approaching the 852000 tons ot allied ships sent to the bottom in Britains most critical month of the World war This was in April 1917 when Kaiser Wilhelms sinkonsight campaign backed by a fleet of 111 seagoing Uboats sank ships At the height of the campaign it wns reported that Britain had only six weeks oE food supplies left One out of every fpur ships leaving United Kingdom ports never returned The German high command said that in last months assaults on British shipping nazi Uboats sank 479000 tons while the luftwaffc destroyed 215000 tons Destruction of the remaining 52000 tons was attributed to surface raiders While it would be a serious blow to Britains lifeline of supplies if true the German high com mands figure for May still fell short of its April claim of 1211 000 tons destroyed By contrast the London ad miralty declared that British mer chant shipping losses in April to taled only 488124 than Firemen Rescue Marooned Family SEE STO11Y ON PAGE 2 Members of the Mason City fire department are shown above ferrying Mrs Abram Swain and her children across Ihe flood waters of Chcsalea creek in West Haven Monday afternoon after the rampaging creek began threatening their home Children of Mr anil Mrs 1yle Bruce were alsy taken from their threatened home in the same manner Bob Swarner photo Kayenay engraving F R Aides Discuss Bill to Take Defense Property Patterson Says Whole Industrial Power May Be Needed by President KNOXASKSFOR NAVY MIRACLE half the German figure KAF SPREADS LARGE FIRES IN BERLIN In the war in the air RAF night raiders spread large fires in an attack on Berlin the London air ministry announced and bombed Duesseldorf Duis burgHuhrort and other targets in Germanys industrial Ruhr It was the 4Gth assault of the war on the nazi capital Other British raiders struck at the docks of St NazaireGerman Uboat base in France and at Ostend Belgium Considerations of health and age make it necessary that I should be relieved of the duties i which I have been discharging with increasing difficulty Ihe chief justice wrote to Mr Roosevelt Falls in Sleep E M M E T S B U R G Wilbur Christiansen 18 of Ringsted Monday had a wrecked car but only minor bruises to show after a 50 foot drop from the over pass on highway 18 near Emmets burg Christiansen was driving alone he told officers and went to sleep at the wheel just as the ear was traversing the pass Out of con trol the car crashed through the guard rails and plunged to ground level Christiansen received bruises on his head and shoulders but other wise was uninjured The overpass is located seven miles west of Enimelsburg Christiansens car was demolished WASHINGSTON Roosevelt discussed with congres sional leaders Teusday the war de partment bill introduced Monday to give the government sweeping authority to conscript private prop erty useful to national defense It was understood that the pro vision permitting seizure ot prop erty temporarily or permanent ly came in for some consideration oecause opposition had been ex pressed to permanent confisca tion Robert P 1aUerson undersec retary of war said in a press conference discussion of the measure that the president should have the authority to throw the whole industrial power of this country Into equipping the army The military and naval rc quiremenls come first Puttcrsoi added in saying why the bill luu been offered blrikcbound plants or factories n which strikes were threatened atterson continued it was not aimed at a solution of labor dis jutes or any specific present prob cm but was sought for use in possible future contingencies Asked whether the bill would grant power exceeding that held ay President Wilson during Ihc World war Patterson said he was not sure that President Wilson had any comprehensive grant of power such as this but was cer tain the bill did not delegate au thority exceeding that of the World war president Stresses Spirit and Zeal of Workers for Boosting Production WASHINGTON Knox demanded a production miracle of the nations warship building industry Tuesday in order FRENCH ARE ON VERGE OF WAR AIDED BY NAZIS Paris Populace to Have Practice Air Raid Alert on Wednesday FKOM CABLE REPORTS France appeared Tuesday on the erge of plunging into the war jgainsl her old ally Great Britain presumably with strong German support on a battlefield in Trenchruled Syria in the middle east In Vichy Chief of State Philippe Petain held an urgent cabinet meeting hue Tuesday afternoon the second ol the clay after con ferring with Generalissimo Max ime Weygand commander in chief of Frances African armies In Iaris the populace was warned to be ready for u practice uirniiil alert Wednesday the first since Adolf Hitlers con quering legions swept into the old French capital V Simultaneously the Frenchcon trolled Beirut radio charged that the British weie preparing to al ack Syria and declared that forces were ready to re jly effectively Dispatches from Ankara Tur ey reported that a dozen freight ers flying swastika flags had been assigned to transport German roops and heavy military equip nent from Rumanian ports to The leaders who went to the j Ion white President Wal lace Speaker Rayburn House Leader McCormack and Chairman George of lie Senate Foreign Re lations more than an hour with Mr Roosevelt just back from an extended week end at Hyde Park N Y Flag Story DES MOINES IP A new American flag was flying Tuesday in front of the Negro community center here This is how it got there Mrs Jean Parker Thomas a Negro gave the flag to the center but there was no place lo hang il So William Scarpino a Catholic of Italian dcsu cut collected enough pipe to make a pole 3fi feet McCormack said the property bill was discussed in a limited way He said that in the main the proposal is a recapitulation of laws enacted during the World war but it goes somewhat beyond the legisdation passed at that McCormack added the house committee considering the meas ure will look into that aspect m Russia Withdraws Greek Recognition MOSCOW UR The soviet gov ernment Tuesday withdrew its countrys they lie remotely inland ot humid swamps and jungles ic not easily penetrated by man Last theres the matter of gov nrnental attitude toward outside The trend i America for South Ameii ns has come to Brazil in a big iy Quotas have been set on the mber of foreigners any busi ss enterprise may employ and re is a common disposition to e the weapon of discriminatory Ration against outsiders Theres rigid limit of cash dividends be taken out of the country diplomatic recognition of Greece A communique by the foreign commissariat advised the Greek legalion that Russia no longer considers diplomatic relations valid in view of the loss of Greek sovereignty and the fact that Russia io longer has diplomatic representatives in Greece iThc result is is re plant to come The specter expropria is increas present Jiat leaves the leal job of de lloping Bra Ts industrial turc largely Brazil capi there i s t isnt B r azil lital to do job that outside This power plant is located on the Ford motor companys SI2000000 cxpcrimcnlal rubber plan tations of Braril The text of the letter was tele phoned from Washington to the offices of the temporary white house in Poughkccpsic N Y a few miles from Hyde Park and delivered to Mr Roosevelt at the estate Mr Roosevelt wrote out the telegram of reply in longhand The news he said came as a great shock because he had counted on the chief justices continuing his splendid service for many yeare to come Chief Justice Hughes presided over the supreme court during one of the most turbulent periods o its history The controversy started early in Ihe Roosevelt administration when the tribunal delivered a number of decisions overturning important new deal legislation such as the nationa industrial recovery act and the agricultural adjustment act Differences between the court and the administration reached a climax in 1937 when Mr Roose velt proposed to congress new blood1 be injected into the court by addding a member for each justice over 70 years and 6 months of age who did not retire The pro posal precipitated a spectacular and acrimonious oratorical battle on capitol hill Hughes was widely crediled with playing an important behind thescenes role in bringing about the ultimate defeat of the court re organization plan His public ac tivity however was confined to a letter to the senate judiciary j committee saying the plan would i not promote the efficiency nf the I court Under the selective service system Patterson said the gov ernment has the authority to in terfere with the liberty of in dividuals and I see no reason why il should not have power BELLEVILLE 111 also over property Wont Visitors to Feel at Home But Archie Kcolon1 a neighbprhooc Jewish grocer providcd equipmen with which a group of Negro boys dug the hole Sam Jones an old stock American poured the cementinto hole At the lags dedication Monday night John Colcman a white haired Negro veteran of the Span ishAmerican war said a flag is more than something made of cloth Our flag is owned by no group but is the symbol of the whole nation Today as before we stand ready anxiously waiting the call to defend our country Then they sang the national an lliem The Negroes satig and the Jewish grocer and the old stock American while Scnrpiiio played in the drum and bugle corps to assure the United States and Britain of command of the seas There can no longer be any doubt Knox said that this wai will be determined by two things one successfu combination of sea and air power Speaking to n conference o shipbuilders he told them it wa up to them to see that Amoric and Britain were equipped vvitl the warship half ot the combina tion necessary for victory Knox suggested hat the produc tion miracle be accomplished by increasing immediately the effi ciency of labor in shipbuilding yards since virtually all are now scheduled to do all the work they arc capable of undertaking There is no criticism of what has been clone to date Knox said It has been well done But it is not enough Weve got to do more must have something more than an honest days work We must have the kind of spirit and the kind of xeal that animates men when they go into cilmen like visitors to make them selves at home in the city park shelter house hos pitality wns stretched out of bounds by someone who broke the windows to getin and then ripped out some frame work to provide fuel for a wiener roast in the fire place Just as we arc not depending the volunteer system for raising an army he said we should not depend on the voluntary system to equip it While the bill undoubtedly would give the government com plete power to assume control ofChicago alone IlAX SPECIAL TRAINS ST PAUL Minn i of the National Eucharistic Con gress to be held in the twin cities June 23 to 26 said all railroads running into Minneapolis and St Paul would be taxed to capacity during the congress The officials said that special trains one carry 600 priests would come from Twins 2 Climb Out Window on 4th Floor and Plunge to Death BOSTON after an several minutes twins two years old j climbed through a fourthfloor window in their apartment home j Monday and plunged to their deaths Fllen Grinvervs fall seen by neighbors While some took her lo j a hospital others notified police i When police went lo the house they found Ellens sister Eva lying on a sidcwnl below the win dow Police theorized that after Ellen fell the other child leaned out to see what happened and also lost her balance Eva died instantly Ellen 10 hours later Axis Poised Over Mediterranean Syria following up the asserted anding of 500 nazi soldiers on the Syrian coast last Thursday Ankara observers reported sec ing as many as 200 German war planes near the SyrianTurkish frontier Vichy reports said the French cabinel in the first meeting called by Marshal Petain discussed the mounting tension in relations be tween France and Britain London feared that unless liic British acted swiftly in Syria the axis would insist that France call upon Germany and Italy to pro tect Syria thus giving an osten sible reason for entry of axis troops into the area The British believedthat this plan was among those discussed at the Brenner pass conference of Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussn 1 i n i citing unofficial reporx from the midcllecast that German pressure on Syria is increasing that some German troops already have ianded that communications between Egypt and Syria have been severed that nazis arc in oc cupation of Syrian airdromes and have moved important forces to the nearby Italian Dodecanese is lands for offensive action Tiie French countered these re ports with a denial issued at Beirut by the high commissioner Gen Henri Dentz that any nazi troops have arrived in Syria French officials at Syria charged that the British were deliberately circulating false rumnrs of German roop land inss in Syria o provide a pre text for invasion They asserted that Syria would defend herself with all her forces against in vasion from any quarter With the conquest of Crete the axis lined area stood ready to launch an aerial attack on Brit ains four remaining naval bases in the Mediterranean from air fields in occupied France Sardinia Sicily Crete he olhcr Greek islands and Libya Flight of proaxis forces from Iraq however added that country to the block of Egypt Palestine and Iranslordaii squared area the Brilish control in the middle cast URGE DEFENSE COMMITTEE DES MOINES establishment of an Iowa civil de fense committee was urged in a resolution passed Monday night by DCS Post of the American Legion Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Cloudy Tuesday night bc cuming fair and warmer Wed nesday MINNESOTA Portly cloudy Tuesday night Wednesday fair slightly warmer southeast EXTENDED FORECAST Extended weather forecast for the period from p m June 3 to p m C S T June 7 Upper Mississippi temperature will average near normal with little trend Precipijsibly tation will average light to moderforces in Crete been late except moderate Illinois Showated safely The evacuee crs at end of period IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather Maximum Monday 6T Minimum Monday nighl SB At B a m Tuesday 62 Rain Monday 225 inches YEAR AGO Maximum 83 i Minimum 64 At Berlin it was said tiiat the HitlerMussolini conference indi cated that the axis will strike its next blow in the eastern Mediter ranean and that the campaign will open at any moment In that connection it was noted that the axis forces have stepped up their air attack on the British garrison at besieged Tobruk and Tuesday reported intensification of artillery fire in the Soulm arcn These may lc indications that the longstalled axis troops on the LibyanEgyptian frontier are getting ready to develop their threat against Suez Little light on the French atti tude came from Vichy where the governments deliberations were cloaked with secrecy Komv suggested that Killer and Mussolini canvassed Ihc possible entry of the United States into the war and Ihc rc lalion of France tortujral Spain Russia Turkey and Jap an to the developing war as as offensive plans in Ihc Mediterranean G rat tan P McGroarty United Press staff correspondent re ported from Alexandria that pos pet cent of the British evacu es were said lo number 15000 of an ori ginal force of 20000 Nazi Flotilla 7s Carrying Supplies AXKARA Turkey dozen freighters flying swastika flags have been assigned to carry German troops and heavy ;