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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 2, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS YOU LI and United Prca Full Leucd wire Cent a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JUNE 3 DeGaulle Appears Reluctant to Allow International Mediation LEVANT SETTLEMENT BOGS DOWN INSIDE WASHINGTON Columnist Complains About Margarine By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Columnist Carrier Planes Raid Japan as Halsey Returns to Action With 5th Fleet in Pacific mean paint for E oranges How Now to something serious To a thought that continues to run through my mind I keep wonder ing if the postwar world will be swept by a witchburning wave I am about convinced of this pos sibility since the lynching of Mus solini and his mistress Claretta Petacci The killing of the man who once was Italys idol however evil he had become and of the woman on whom he had openly squandered his countrymens money was evidence of the dis gust thousands of Italians Also it was evidence of more than lawlessness and utter mob rule It proved that the everyday people were so fed up with the degradation symbolized by Mus solini and his kind that they had to wipe it out with insane hate Here is no new evil in which humanity may engage According Cto the law of averages the pendu lum must swing back to decency But meanwhile outbreaks of hys teria may be expected The pendulum swung back be fore in Italy when Savanarola cleaned up some of the national filth Once upon a time the peo ple of England France and Rus sia sickened of monarchs and lopped off assorted heads Perhaps again the tide of an guished disgust with things as they have been will find the world seeking out even a reckless dash of oldtime virtue I talked to an Italian gentle man about the killing of Musso lini He expressed revulsion at the behavior some his country men He said it must be remem bered that Mussolini had once been supported by millions of Italians This of course ias in the early days of II Duce Musso lini then appeared to have a sin cere wish to help his countrymen And did help Lafer he became a victim of his own intolerable vanity He be lieved himself to be a great lover and thought he was a genius at statecraft as well Such a com bination of talent is rare indeed Being a dictator like Mussolini requires control of the mob said my Italian friend To have con trol one must know the mind of the people who make up the mob A woman is to be sharply I quote my Latin friends not my own The aging Mussolini did not rule his people nor his women Claretta Petacci was influenced by her brother and by many men who managed through her to get fa ivors from Mussolini This situation the Italian peo ple knew and brooded upon It finally drove them to a vengeful frenzy against Signora Petacci and Mussolini that will long be a dark stain on Italian hislory It will take many a poetic opera and many a glowing canvas and statue to wipe it from the memory of the world and his 3rd fleet Adm Raymond A Spruance 5th fleet commander yielding direc tion of the vast American arma da to Halsey disclosed that the greatest naval casualties in any of our operations have been suf fered in the Okinawa campaign during which U S ships have been harried almost daily by sui cide planes But as a result of the 5th fleets work Halsey confidently an nounced we can go where we want the north pole to the south pole Saturdays reported carrier at tack supplemented recent Super fortress fire raids which Japanese propagandists admitted have in flicted such shockingly great damage and left so many thous ands homeless that martial law may be declared throughout Ja By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor Some 200 carrierbased fighter planes raided southern Japan Sat mday Tokyo radio ported in what may be the opening strike of Not that the complaint is too new seaborne power blows foreshadowed in the return to actinn rf important but I could bear up Adm William F Bull better under the vicissitudes of getting enough to eat if the mar garine were less white Lately my margarine hasnt come with col oring matter There is something so dispiritin about a slab ol flat pallid substance on what used to be your bread and butter plate I do not like my margarine to have a cold cream personality Why dear OPA dont you save a little of the deep yellow color ing which is used to make green oranges appear ripe and doctor up the butter substitutes This reminds me there has never been any rationing of orange paint I pan Tokyo said the seaborne fighters were joined by flying boats based in the Ryukyu islands near Okin awa and for 2 hours they bombed and strafed air bases and railways on Kyushu island The change in fleets always a harbinger of daring blows against the mikados forces was an nounced by Adm Chester W Kim itz as the Okinawa campaign on the southern doorstep to Japan en tered its closing phase Four Yank divisions made ad vances ranging from 400 yards up to a mile and a half Friday as the 4th infantry division mopped up the stenchfilled ruins of Shnri shattered keystone of the enemys broken defense line Thrusts down the center and either flank threatened to isolate a west coast peninsula alive with Japanese troops apparently ready to make a death stand in defense of Naha airdrome and Chinen peninsula on the east coast where thousands of civilians were hiding caves Okinawabased planes patrol ling Korean waters and subma rines in the southwest Pacific were finding increasingly poor hunting for Japanese ships The reason was indicated in a report of southwest Pacific air operations which in the first 5 months this year sank 2 117482 tons of shipping and add ed 5 more vessels Friday Since Jan 1 they have also destroyed 1220 planes and dropped 70000 tons of bombs in support of ground Ten Superforts were lost oat of the formations of 450 making Fri days fire raid on Osaka 2nd largest city of Japan Veteran fire raiders reported seeinr the most fires and greatest smoke clouds of any strikes against Japan and the heart of Osaka seemed to be burn ing out Japanese propagandists said residents of burned out Tokyo were burrowing into the ground in Polar Bear Is Problem for Boone Boone thousand two hundred pounds of Polar bear can cause a lot of trouble Especially when its roaming around among rabbits eggs and a lot of other stuff and especially when youre trying to corral it At Belle Plaine Friday night a railway express agent entered the sealed refrigerated baggage car in which the im prisoned in a wooden being shipped from New York City to Salt Lake City Utah He saw the animal walking around investigating his traveling com panions and the agent C E That cher climbed out in a hurry He called F M Pauley chief clerk of the express office in DBS Moines and quite sure whether Thatcher was seeing it would be safer to cut the car at Boone until the bear had been caged again Lateset reports indicate that the bear is subdued and officials went through some anx ious moments waiting for Kenneth Sonderleiter a Des Moines zoo di rector to arrive The in need o a square a few rab bits ate a few eggs and a couple of fruit curled up and went to sleep Nowhtheyre trying to builda cage around he can be shipped safely to Salt Lake City and the zoo rench Troops Shepherded y British Tanks Retire to Barracks in Damascus By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS London were indications Saturday that Gen Charles Gaulle was unwilling to take part at the present time in an inter ational conference to settle Frances dispute with Lebanon and attlescarred Syria as Moscow told other members of the big 5 the onflict whichhas arisen must be settled in a peaceful manner An Associated Press dispatch from Damascus reported French orces there retired to their barracks late Friday under the noses of ritish tanks An official Paris statement had said merely that the troops had been ordered to cease re and hold their positions TO Mark Clark hero of the African and Italian campaigns reports to his commanderinchief President Tru man at house Friday AP wivephoto Kayenay engraving Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy Saturday night followed by clearing Sun day Slightly warmer Sunday loiva Cloudy and cooler Satur day clearing in afternoon Fair Saturday night and Sunday cooler south and east Saturday night Warmer Sunday Minnesota Cloudy and continued cool Saturday night Sunday partly cloudy with slowly rising temperatures IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 78 Minimum Friday 43 At 8 a m Saturday 43 Precipitation 26 inch thousands Consolation dugout homes Marine Corps General Backs 7th War Loan Washington war bond message from Brig Gen LeRoy P Hunt USMC assistant division commander 2nd marine division In the 7th war loan Americans can express their support of their armed forces by buying more war bonds than ever before All of us who are at actual grips with the Japanese can assure you that the need for maximum backing is im perative Russia Reiterates Stand on Veto Right of Big 5 i Security Council Members San Francisco is standing firm on a rigid interpreta tion of big 5 veto controls over united nations machinery designed to keep world peace Ambassador Andrei Gromyko soviet handed a new note on the Russian attitude Friday night to Secretary of State and the chiefs of the British French and Chinese dele ations at the united nations con Japanese by Tokyo were a promise there would be no cheap road to victory for the allies through Nipponese surrender and a claim that 303 American ships had been sunk and 263 heavily damaged since the Okinawa operation be gan March 23 These included 85 carriers battleships and cruisers reported sunk and 75 damaged All announced U S losses have been YEAR AGO Maximum Alinimum 91 65 YANKS RAISE FLAG OVER of the 1st division raised the American flas over Okinawas Shuri castle as leathernecks on the west flank and doughboys on the east moved to encircle Japanese survivors in the moat ed medieval fortress At the same time marines of the 6th division have occupied most of Naha capita of the island REDS CRACKING DOWN IN BERLIN AntiSoviet Activity to Bring Reparations London Indicating the appearance of antiRussian ac tivity in the area ol the shattered German Arthur Werner the sovietappointed mayor ot Berlin has warned Germans that 50 former nazis would be shot for every attempt on the lite of a red army soldier or Russian of ficial Meanwhile an Associated Press dispatch from Geneva quoted Emil E Boesch international Red Cross representative jtist returned from Berlin as saying some 500 000 displaced persons and 100000 allied prisoners of war still were milling about in the general area Berlin and needed prompt inter allied aid to avoid starvation and epidemics Werner fold Berlincrs Friday night that reprisals would be car ried out for each case of arson committed lor political purposes and added that the death penalty would be imposed for any per son failing to report foreknowl edge of any intention to kill or burn The FCC quoted Werner as saying an unspecified number of persons had died in Berlin as the result of violence directed against occupying soxiet forces but he did not specify that any red army men hadjbeen killed The Russians arc attemptin energetically to restore order in Berlin Boesch was quoted in the Geneva dispatch He added that the Russians were swamped by the magnitude the relief prob lem and that the Russians lacked sufficient food medicines and transportation to handle the job Boesch suggested that relicl could be facilitated if relici agencies could be permitted to pass freely back and forth across the line of demarcation between the Russian and BritishAmeri can occupation zones Senator Urges End of BellBottom Pants Washington William Langer R N Dak has asked congress to do away with bell bot tom trousers for sailors Langer doesnt like them and says the sailors dont either The North Dakota senator in troduced a bill in congress Friday for new navy and marine uni forms He had no suggestions for the new design however Contents of the note were not mmediatcly made known outside he top official circle of the big 5 It was learned Saturday that when Gromyko rapidly summar ized its contents others present gathered that Moscow firmly op poses any relaxation of the veto power and may be objeclinc to receipt of a complaint by the security council of the projected world organization except when Ihere is unanimous agreement among the big powers The veto power stands as an overriding right any ot the big 5 nations to forbid any decisive step it may disapprove While this appeared to intensi fy differences among the big 5 over how the veto should be ap pressed for a less rigid interpretation Stettinius went ahead nevertheless with plans for trying to speed the con ference to conclusion early this month It was agreed tentatively thai the big 5 should meet at leasl once a day from now on until the logjam of conference committee work which has been blocked principally by the veto issu completely broken and all re maining problems are cleared up The first committee o complete its assigned task was one charget wilh drafting the preamble pur poses and principles of the pro jected world organization Under the committee statement armed force could only be usec by any member nation in accord ance with united nations princi ples for international peace and security All members of the organiza tion the draft says shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace antl se curity are not endangered CHINESE PREMIER Resign ing as president of executive yuan premier of China Gen eralissimo C h i a n g Kaishek turned the post over to Act ing Premier T V Soong above Recognized as Chinas mos brilliant statesman Soonfr ha been since Dec 4 attending to most of the premier duties for Chiang who retains his posi tion as president of China am the head of state Paris Doubts Reports of Laval Suicide Paris London report th Pierre Laval had committed su cide was received with skepticis Saturday in Paris circles whe the former Vichy chief of govern ment was well known The Exchange Agency in London quoted Luxembourg radio as saying La val had committed suicide These sources had no informa tion concerning the radio state ment the earlier claim that The text of this document is Spain had destined for inclusion in the peace to surrendcr himself lo to settle one person POPE HOPES FOR GERMAN REBIRTH Reviews Vaticans Past Policy Toward Reich Vatican City Pope Pius expressed hope in a world iroadcast Saturday that the Ger man nation can rise to new dig nity and a new life once it has aid the satanic spectre raised by national socialism and the guilty ave expiated the crimps they ave committed The pontiff reviewed Vatican solicy toward nazi Germany hroughout the years preceding he war He addressed the College if Cardinals paying their respects n St Eugenes day his name day Dealing briefly with the Euro pean situation immediately fol owing the end of the war the 69 rear old pontiff expressed concern or multitudes of disappointed hopeless men who he said are oing to swell the ranks of revolu ion and disorder in the pay of a yrant no less despotic than those qrwhose overthrow he planned have had to deplore alas n more than one region the mur der of priests deportations ofciv ilians andkillingof citizens with out trial or iii personal he said No less sad is the news that has reached us from Slovenia and Croati two provinces o Pope Pius said he personally had learned the great qualities of the German people during his nunciature in Berlin when in an atmosphere of liberty which po litical and social conditions at lha time allowed he worked for thi consolidation of the status of th Catholic church in Germany As Archbishop Eugenio Pacelli th pope was sent as nuncio to thu German kaiser with a Vatican peace plan in 1817 and remainet as envoy to the German republii until 1929 The pope declared that by con eluding its 1933 concordat with th nazi government the Vatican did everything possible to set up formidable barrier to the sprea of ideas at once subversive an violent Previous Germanvati can accords had not provided ade quate guarantees of freedom faith to Catholics the pope added It was not that the church fo her part had any illusions bui on excessive optimism or that i concluding the concordat she ha any intention of giving any forn of approval to the teachings o tendencies of national socialism he stated The concordat he said provide Catholics a juridical basis to their defense and a stronghold be hind which to shield themselve in their opposition in spite o all violations subjected to which it wa charter after going through other committees to the fall conference Jlt Ve The draft preamble which gins in words similar to the I American constitution we the peoples of the united nations sets forth the high aims of the organization for human rights justice and law and international relations based on countries liv ing together in peace with one another as good neighbors The 2nd part of the draft cov ers chapter 1 of the proposed charter and states 4 purposes of the to maintain international peace and security by collective measures 2 to develop friendly relations among nations 3 to promote solution ol international social and eco nomic problems and respect for human rights and freedoms 4 to afford a center for harmoniz ing the action of nations in the achievement of these ends Timmie Proves Cats i Take Kansas City res cued Timmie a Maltese tomcat from between brick walls where he had been wedged for a week Police considered shooting the cat but couldnt get a bead A rag saturated with chloroform only made him sleepy So the firemen finally battered a hole through the wall of a beauty shop and set Timmie free After a little artificial respira tion and a bowl of milk the pel scampered home to his masters Jackie Jean Folz 7 and her 20 monthold brother Jerry LecFolz The broadcast soviet statement the peoples commissariat for reign affairs disclosing the Rus an notes to Paris Washington ondon and Chungking asked for measures to stop military pcrations in Syria There was no indication the statement had been repared or the notes transmitted efore Paris announced partial ompliance Friday with Prime tinister Churchills request that le French cease fire and with raw from combat posts in yria The statement referred to armed clashes in progress in yria Moscows statement on the sov et notes did not specify whether hty had called for a parley or roposcd any machinery for re olving the dispute The statement did not indicate ny specific soviet interests were nvolved in the dispute beyond a tatement that The events in Syria and Le anon do not correspond to the pirit of the decisions adopted at Dumbarton Oaks or to the aims f the united nations conference r the creation of an organiza ion to insure peace and security or the peoples The statement Jointed out that France Syria and ebanon all were members of the an Francisco conference Moscows announcement follow ed an official French statement Friday would have been roper hit he soviet government vas at least informed of proposed conferences among France Brit in and he United States The French public statement vas issued in the absence of a direct reply to Churchills note on the ground that the latter had een made public in London be ore the cease fire order in Syria to give satisfaction to the re quest of the British government added In the opinion of the French government it was a question of creating if possible an atmosphere more favorable for conversations with the American and British overnments and eventually with governments of the various Arab states conversations concerning he whole situation in the near east This proposal to extend the scope of such a conference was suggested without any indication of any immediate agreement lo one At the same time it was learned authoritatively in Paris that the French had replied to last Mondays U S note on Syria and had told Washington France still wished to deal with the Levant without outside interference London newspapers Saturday voiced the hope that De Gaulle would come lo London for talks with British and American repre sentatives At Damascus President Shukri Quwatli of Syria was reported to have sent messages of thanksgiv ing to Churchill and President Truman for the cessation of fight ing there Quwatli told a neutral diplomat Syria would be willing to treat with France on these con ditions All troupes speciales which arc approximately 18000 Syrian levees under French command must be placed under Syrian con trol and the French command must be terminated All French troops to remain in their barracks and Senegalese troops lo be evacuated speedily from Syria French controlled Installations such as telephone and railroad Eisenhower Proclaims DDay Anniversary Holiday for Troops Paris a message to a members of his command Ge Eisenhower said Saturday the 1 anniversary of the Normanc landings last June 6 would be ob served as a holiday for allie forces He called for a brief pause June lincs in Syria must be turned over 6 to pledge anew our fuller en crgies to the tasks before us and suggested that our celebrating of the day should be quiet and strengthen us spiritually and phys ically for the coming months Women Get Clean Away From Jail Los Angeles Hall 26 one of the 3 women who es caped from Tehachapi Institute for Women admitted after her capture that the escape was greased with soap Miss Hall told Detective Fred Doans she and her slim cellmates dropped their clothes to the ground soaped their bodies and slithered through the bars The others Sandra Cooper 20 and Haze Loros 42 are still at large to Syrians ownership and con trol The French delegation must be replaced with a regularly estab lished legation On a purely diplo matic basis such as maintained by other countries in Syria Quwatli said in summation that the Syrians were unwilling to grant the French any special posi tion whatever in the country HARD ON NERVES Las Cruces Mex cial Officer Jack Bowers sat in for Fire Chief J B Camuenz during the lunch hour complains the job is too hard on the nerves Bowers received only one but it was to his own home Vol unteer firemen confined the dam age to one room Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ;