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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 1, 1942, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AfiO ARCHIVES Q E S ii 0 I N 3 I A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIH i AND UNITED PBESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JUNE 1 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS NO 199 IB 1 I SMOKE PALL STILL COVERS COLOCNE Nazi General Captured GERMAN TANKS ESCAPE TRAP IN LIBYAN DESERT CmeweU Second in Command to Rommel Is Taken Prisoner CAIRO Gen Erwin Rommel Monday succeeded in ex tricating the b a d 1 yb altered spearhead of his axis tank forces from a British trap in the Libyan desert south of El Gazala after the capture of his second in com mand by the British Rommel withdrew his Ger manItalian armored units westward back from Britains coastal stronghold of Tobruk which had been his objective after taking a heavy battering from British guns and bomb ing planes which left the desert wastes strewn with wrecked and crippled tanks British middle east headquar ters announced thai Gen Ludwig Cruewell 50 year old second in command to Rommel was taken prisoner after lus reconnaissance plane was shot down Rommel was said to be consoli dating his forces in new positions near two gaps in the British mine field line extending south from El Gazala on the coast to Bir Hacheim on the British left flank It appeared that Rommel pull ing back his advance forces to escape their annihilation behind the British line southwest of Io bruk had succeeded in getting his tanks and armored cars back to the irregular line although perhaps in preparation for a new strong drive eastward Rommels withdrawal of his panzer forces meant that he had failed in his efforts to smash through to the British rear areas and imperil the entire defense system of Lieut Gen Neil Til Ritchies eighth imperial army it was said Any of Rommels armored forces which still may remain east of the British minefields are cut off from communication with the without sources of supply He still has reserves to the west of the minefield line bul British military officials said thai he will have to strike quickly he cause of the heavy pounding his forces are taking from British guns and bombing planes British losses in the desert battle were described as large although not so great as those of Rommel In this connection it is pointed oui here that the decision of the deseri battle depends on which side can inflict the greatest destruction on the enemys equipment rather than upon territory occupied Put Barrage Balloons on West Coast By UNITED PRESS Barrage balloons forming aerial fences around vital military es tablishments have been installed along the entire Pacific coast from Canada to Mexico a survey made with military permission showed Monday The balloons form part of the preparations made to forestall any retaliatory Japanese bombing of the coast to avenge the American raidoil Tokio Police and firemen in the key Portland Los An geles San Diego and San Frait were issued gas masks Civilian defense authorities checked blackout arrangements md issued instructions on what o do in case of a gas attack War Secretary Henry Stimson and OCD Director James H Lnn dis both have warned that the Japanese probably would attempt a reprisal raid on the Pacific coast Although military authorities permitted publication of the fact lhat barrage balloons lined the coast their number and location could not be revealed Myrna Loy Seeks to Become June Divorcee RENO Nev Actress Myrna Loy sought to become a June divorcee Monday six years after she became the June bride of Producer Arthur Hornblow Jr The actress completed her six weeks of residence Sunday night and a complaint charging Hornblow with extreme mental cruelty her attorney William Woodburn said LUTHEiTCOLlEGE HALL DESTROYED Main hall chief building on the Luther college campus here burned to the ground as a total loss Sunday after being struck by what firefighters termed a bad stroke of lightning Dam age was estimated at Biology laboratory and muse um equipment housed in the build ing was all saved by 200 volun SAYS U S HARDENING DES MOINES Gen Charles H Grahl state director of selective service said in a radio address Sunday Our enemies sneer that we are soft that our democracy is too cumbersome to withstand their thrusts Possibly we are softer than we should be but we are hardening rapidly teers made up greatly of students who had remained on the campus for a band concert Sunday All contents of the book shop in the basement of the building were also saved as were all records from the presidents and deans of fices The fire started in the top floor and spread quickly through the entire structure Fire departments and equipment from six surround ing communities were called here to prevent the blnze from spread ing to other buildings Mens living quarters occupied the two top floors of Old Main hall and classrooms the remaind er Al belongings of students living in the building were lost The building had burned to the ground in 1889 and was rebuilt in 1891 It caught fire again in 1895 but was only partly damaged The loss was covered by insur IOWAS VOTERS PICK NOMINEES AT PRIMARIES G 0 P Senate and Gubernatorial Races Highlight Contests BULLETIN DES MOINES reporls from several cities throughout Iowa indicated vot ing in the primaries Blonday was light DES MOINES se lected congressional state and local tickets Monday in Iowas bi ennial primary Senator Clyde L Herring D Iowa was up for renomination against what parly leaders de scribed as nominal opposition His opponent was Ernest J See mann of Waterloo an isolationist candidate The republican senatorial aspirants were Gov Geonrc A Wilson Secretary of Agriculture iMark G Thornburg lanies I Dolliver Fort Dodge attorney ami G Scott Davies DCS Moines attorney Thornburg accused Wilson o isolationist tendencies a charg which the governors supporters have denied The major parties also named candidates for congress in the states eight districts besides ful state tickets including governo and lieutenant governor Nom inces for the legislature un county also were chosen The republican candidates for governor are Lieut Gov B V Hickenlooper and Secretary of State Earl G Miller The demo cratic gubernatorial aspirants are former Gov Nelson G Kraschel and State Senator A E Augustine For the democrats Monday objective was selection of a slat capable of reversing the Iron which gave the republicans stat ticket victories in 1038 and 1040 The republicans are out to mak il three in a row this fall Repii ilican state headquarter predicted a GOP vole of at leas 250000 while democratic lead ers looked for a turnout in thei party of 125000 to 15000 Tw years ago the republican primar vote was 332000 compared wit 121000 for the democrats The polls opened at 7 central war time in registratio cities and towns and at 8 a m elsewhere They close at 8 p m Interest in the reorganized thir congressional district centered o the republican contest betwee John W Gwynne Waterloo in cumbent and James E Coonle Hampton The democratic non ination was sought by Delbert V Rowling of Waterloo and Willian D Kearney of Marshalltown 188 ARE UNOPPOSED IN PRIMARY BALLOTS One hundred and eightyeight Iowa state congressional and legislative candidaes could lean back and enjoy the state primary j This scene is of Cologne industrial city of western Germany which was lashed Sat urday night by British bombers The cathedral of Cologne is included in the above photo graph show Monday They had no oppo sition for party nominations The official list shows five state ticket aspirants unopposed There are six more in the con cessional field 32 in the state senate races and 145 in the house contests State ticket candidates without opposition are Republican State Auditor C B Akers and Superintendent of Public Instruction Jessie M Parker Democratic Commerce com mission M P Conway and Sid ney H Johnson superintendent of public instruction May E Francis Unopposed congressional candi dates Republican all incumbents Second district H O Talle fourth Karl M LeCompte fifth Paul Cunningham Democrats Fifth E Frank Fox sixth Edward Breen sev enth Jess Alton Chances for excitement in the legislative primary are the slim mest in years There is competi tion for only 10 state senate nom inations in a possible 42 races Two republican senatorial candi dates Harlan C Foster of Mount Pleasant and Senator G R Hill of Clarion have no opposition in either party Twothirds the house nom inations have gone by default There are 216 nominations to be made and 145 candidates have no primary opposition Canterbury Attacked by Nazi Planes in Reprisal Action 25 Raiders Wreck Historic Buildings in Cathedral Town 5000 Planes to Be Flying Against Nazis By JOE ALEX MORRIS United Ircss Foreign Editor j United States bomber and fight ing squadrons soon will join the aerial offensive against Germany increasing threefold the fury of the RAFs great weekend assault that wrecked industrial Cologne The Cologne attack biggest in the history of aerial warfare was revealed by the chiefs of the U S army air corps Lieut Gen Henry H Ar nold and Brit ish officials to have been merely a fore taste of what is in store for Germany Soon a great armada of 5 000 allied United States and Brit ARNOLD be flying against the reich it was staled While British planes staged carnival of victory rolls in the sky over London Gen Arnold ended secrecy around the consul tations which he and other U S Luther Building Gutted VOTE IS SLOW IN MASON CITY 1049 Votes Cast to 2 Oclock 1437 in 1940 3514 in 1938 Mason Cityans were slow in getting to the polls Mondny reg stering only 1049 votes to 2 oclock in the primary election The figure compared with 143 n 1940 and 3514 in 1938 The polls close at 8 p m throughout the county but specia counting boards began counting the ballots at 10 a m and they will he joined by the regular elec tion officials as soon as the polls close according to County Audi tor Arthur Harris The polling places in Mason City are located as follows First precinct first ward school ad ministration building second pre cinct first ward Mason City Lumber company first precinct second ward courthouse second precinct second ward McKinley school first precinct third ward Lapiners garage second precinct third ward Roosevelt elementary school first precinct fourth ward Chevrolet garage second pre cinct fourth ward Nichols Farm equipment The 2 oclock vote by precincts was reported as follows Only a shell remained of Old Main building on the Luther college campus late Sunday aHernoon when the above picture was taken Fire broke out in the top story of the build ing about and spread quickly through the entire structure Firefighters from six communities were unable to extinguish the flames but managed to prevent the fire from spreading to adjoining buildings on the campus Loss was estimated at 000 CANTERBURY England Three waves of German air raid ers totaling some 25 planes at tacked this ancient cathedral town early Monday with tons of high explosives and incendiaries Severalhistoric buildings were wrecked by bombs or fire during the raid which apparently was in reprisal for the RAFs devastating attack on Cologne Saturday night Sf Among the buildings hit were two churches two schools a hotel and a newspaper office Many homes were wrecked or burned out An authoritative source in London said the Canterbury cathedral doubtless wns one of the Germans objectives but add ed It is not proposed to assist the enemy by giving any infor mation as to whether damage was caused or Scarcely any section of the town was missed by the bombers Several large stores were wiped out in the business section and at one time this whole area was a mass flames All the fires were under cc trol by daylight however Though many residents w left homeless they went about their work Monday as wellas the emergency permitted By mid morning farmers were bringing stock into many in stances leading it over smolder ing wreckage First official reports said 1 were known killed but that othei bodies might be found The new archbishop of Canter bury was in the town during tht raid bul he was reported safe Authorities said that the spirit of cooperation between the peo ple and air raid services was re markable and that many were unwilling to leave their homes though the houses often were ringed by fire DROTTNINGHOLM DOCKS IN U S 908 Diplomats News Reporters Citizens Brought From Lisbon JERSEY CITY N J SwedishAmerican liner Drott ningholm bringing in 908 diplo mats newspaper reporters and citizens of the American republics docked at its Jersey City pier Monday at a m The ship arrived from Lisbon where it recently took diplomats and other citizens of axis coun tries who were exchanged for the Americans The trip and exchange were effected under a safeconduct agreement between the belligerent countries The Drotlningholm was painted white and on the ships sides were the stripes of the Swedish flag On the pier was a naval guard of honor bearing flowers and an American flag to be draped on the coffin of Mrs William D Lcnhy wife of the ambassador to Vichy who died abroad The liner arrived in the nar anced force of American bomb ers and fighters soon will join the attacks on Germany We shall hit the encmv and relentlessly until his military power is broken Arnold said The maximum impact of our combined air strength will he turned loose upon the Ger mans he added with such de structivencss that the enemy cannot meet it defeat it or survive1 Q V The Cologne raid was the firs big British attack sincethe Mn 19 bombing of Mannheim It re mains to be seen whether that tempo cnn be maintained because vast problems of supply nrc in volved including a steady flow of plane reinforcements and supplies from the United States across the submarineinfested Atlantic V V Thc bijr aerial offensive was revealed by Arnold in London to be the forerunner of an ultimate allied invasion of Ihe continent since il is recognized that com plete victory cannot come from the air bombings alone Arnold referred to the statement at West Point last week by Gen George C Marshall U S chief of staff that American troops will land in Europe and said that when that clay comes the nlljes mean to have undoubted aerial superiority ity rows at G oclock Sunday night and until Monday morning to pull up the bay The ship was ex pected to leave again on Wednes day for Lisbon and return here with more American citizens 1 P 1 W 2 P 1 W 1 P 2 W 2 P 2 W 1 P 3 W 2 P 3 W 1 P 4 W 2 P 4 W 1942 120 93 233 101 163 107 135 97 1940 190 128 310 135 231 163 181 126 I93S 410 262 630 446 40 403 476 486 L049 1437 35H TEACHER STRIKE POSTPONED MINNEAPOLIS Minn School teachers who had threat ened a strike Monday reported for work as usual postponing for at least another day a crisis in the city schools operations V London which had been bomb free since July 1941 was under a brief air alarm early Monday Weather Report FORECAST IOWA No decided chnngc in temperature Monday night and Tuesday forenoon scattered showers and thunderstorms Monday afternoon and early Monday night MINNESOTA Little change in temperature Monday night and Tuesday forenoon showers ex treme south and occasional drizzle central portion Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 80 Minimum Sunday night 61 At 8 a m Monday 64 Rain Sunday morning 25 in YEAR AGO Maximum 81 Minimum 63 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 84 Minimum Saturday 65 at 5 p m Sunday 77 Precipitation 107 YEAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum fil Precipitation 39 NAZIS EXECUTE 20 IN PRAGUE Makes Total of 82 Reported Shot Since Attack on Heydrich LONDON guns of nazi firing squads broke the Sab bath quiet in Prague Sunday adding 20 more persons to the list of those executed in reprisal for the attempted assassination of Heichsprotector Reinhard Hey drich last Wednesday The executions brought to 82 the number of those reported shot since the attack There has been no indication however that any of those executed were directly connected witli the wounding of Heydrich who was said to be in grave condition Among these who went before the nazi executioners Sunday the Prague radio said were two high officials of the ministry of agri PILOTS RETURN FIND NAZI CITY S STILL AFIRE Are Unable to Make Photos of Damage Because of Dense Smoke LONDON great Ger nan industrial city of liasted by 6720000 pounds still is burning and is overed by a thick pall of smoke econnaissance pilots reported Monday as Ihc RAF renewed eriil attacks in which the United States air force is preparing tp participate on an unprecedented scale 1 is slill so much smoke over Cologne that reconnais sance pilots founil il useless to try to take pictures showing Ihe full extent of damage a re liable source said The smoke completely hides a wide area f An average of 1000 allied planes a night over the reich which would require HOOt tn 0000 planes on some nights mid the maintenance of an operating force of probably 350000 men at British buses was envisaged by the air leaders of the united na tions as they studied reports of tile Cologne attack The British press emphasized 1 statement by Air Marshal A T Harris chief of the British bomb er command that a nightly aver age of 1000 planes a night over Germany would mem the end of the war by this fall It was pointed out however that the allies cannot immediate ly put an average of 1000 planes night over Germany Sunday night for instance weather halted operations and it was not until Monday afternoon that daylight raids on the French coastal area ivcre resumed Experts also expressed the view n British newspapers that about 360000 to 400000 men would be required for ground crews at 120 airdromes to carry out such a program British air circles said thai they did not contest German radio statements that the center1 of Cologne was devastated since it must be assumed that the city of Cologne is the most damaged and devastated and blasted sec tion on earth since a manmade 2 ARE KILLED NEAR HUBBARD Headon Auto Crashes Raises Iowa Traffic Toll for Year to 181 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Three Memorial day weekend fatalities brought last weeks total Iowa highway acciaent deaths to six and boosted the years total to with the 1941 fig ure of 201 for the corresponding date A headon crash near Hubbnrd took the lives of Godfrey Goretskc 60 and his wife Mina 55 of New Providence Sunday Two others involved in the collision were ser iously injured T Edwin Moran 35 of Clinton was killed Saturday when the car he was driving overturned in Clinton county Funeral services will be held Tuesday for Gcraldinc Titus 1C who died in DCS Moines Saturday of injuries suffered in an automo bile army ambulance collision near Norwaik a week earlier in which three other persons were fatally injured culture in the protectorate Bohemia and Moravia of lowan Is Killed in Nebraska Car Accident LINCOLN Nebr man was killed and at least eight in jured several seriously in high way accidents near here Sunday involving lowans Harold E Rich ard about 28 Marion Iowa died enroute to a hospital after his car went out of control on a highway curve and struck a culvert Lou Smith 18 and Mildred Phil flips 18 both of Sioux City were seriously hurt Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GIohcGazcttc carrier boy 500 Soldiers 111 at West Palm Beach From Food Poisoning WEST PALM BEACH Fla field soldiers were or dered bsck to their base from n Sunday holiday after some 500 of them doubled up with stomach cramps and nausea on city streets and the beach Post officers gave no statement Sunday but food poisoning the cause A few of the men were made unconscious A fleet of 10 civilian defense ambulances aided bv military medical units dashed back and forth for three hours hauling the ailing soldiers earthquake dropped on it from the skies i Ruins at Cologne Point to Future LONDON hour ot joint United StatesBritish mass aerial assaults to blast the reich out of the war city by city was declared officially Monday to be nearer at hand and the Germans were advised to look to the still smouldering ruins of devastated Cologne for a glimpse of the future With plain words the generals who would give the word to RO made it clear that the Yanks arc coming that the British American partnership of power in the air will repeat and may even dwarf the UAFs terrific Saturday night 1000 bomber at tack which loosed on the war planls of Cologne Ihe greatest weicht of steel and explosive ever borne on winps Lieut Gen Henry H Arnold head of the United States air forces said his conferences in London were nearly completed and had hastened the day when our air arm shall join in an air offensive against the enemy which he cannot meet defeat or sur Replying to General Arnolds congratulations on the Cologne raid Air Marsha A T Harris ciiici of the RAF bomber com mand said We are supremely confident thnt with their aid our common with certain de vastation of their own have cause to bitterly rue the day on which they forced our two countries into war Slung by the fury of the attack on the fifth greatest city in all the reich German flyers struck bnck Sunday night at Britains ancient cathedral town of Can terbury sending over 25 planes in three waves Several historic buildings were wrecked the fate of Canterbury cathedral itself was not dis but casualties were re ported unofficially ns light Despite weather unfavorable to a repetition of mass attacks Sunday nijlit the British again sent hurricanes and Boston bombers over the channel in forays against airdromes and ;